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His conscious council read his thoughts aright,
Cæsar's second proposal of restoring the Commonwealth was made in the senate-house, and the business on his part conducted with refined artifice. Knowing that the sense of the majority would be in consonance with his own, for his retaining the supreme direction of affairs, he declared he would not take upon himself the whole weight of government, but share the provinces with the senate and people. He expressed himself content to take the direction of such as were most liable to seditions and disturbances, and of the frontiers, exposed to incursions from foreign enemies; leaving to the senate those where they might enjoy the sweets of peaceful command without danger and alarm. Under this pretence, at once obliging and subdolous, he left the senate without troops, and reserved to himself the command of all the forces of the empire. 7
Ent'ring, each senator was forc'd to feel
1 - ο γαρ Aυγουστος, ως τα τε κοινα θεραπειας ακριβους εδειτο, και εδεδει
Mon, οια εη τοις τοιουτοις φιλει συμβαινειν, επιβουλευθη, (βραχυ γαρ τι και σμικρον τον θωρακα, ον υπο τη πολη πολλακις και ες αυλο το συνεδρον εσιων ειχεν, επικουPOTEIT OL EVOM, 3:) x. 7. a. Dion. Cass. I. liv. c. 12.
quo tempore existimatur loricâ sub veste munitus, ferroque cinctus præsedisse, decem valentissimis senatorii ordinis amicis sellam suam circumstantibus. Cordus Cremutius scribit ne admissum quidem tunc quemquam senatorum, nisi solum, et prætentato sinu.
Suet. in Aug. 35. How despicable does the timorous precaution of Augustus for the safety of his person appear, when compared with the gallant negligence of Julius, who declared it was better to die at once, than to live in perpetual apprehension of mortality !
If e'er since man was born, were known to rest Two adverse natures in one mortal breast, 2301 One heart by vice, and one by virtue sway'd,» Supreme in him that union was display'd. Or did remorse his former rage controul? Or good Mæcenas mollify his soul?
2305 The friend, no doubt, and tardy conscience join'd, To humanize at length a savage mind: While labouring to the sovereign rule to rise, Deceit, and fear, and monstrous cruelties, Deform’d his life ; that object once attain'd, 2310 Wise, just, and good, and merciful he reign'd. Fear was his source of crimes ;- but when he rose Above his rivals, and secure from foes, When none were left, whom caution could mistrust, His wisdom found it safest to be just.
την μεν κεν επαινησειε νοησας,
cuncta ferit, dum cuncta timet; desævit in omnes. CLAUD. : - cuncta discordiis civilibus fessa, nomine principis,'sub imperium accepit. Tacit. Annal. l. 1.
Intent for ever on one great design,
Cum tot sustineas, et tanta negotia solus, Hor.
Quand par le fer les choses sont vuidées,
La mort de Pompée par Corneille. Silent leges inter arma. Cic.
And sternly charg’d the leaders to confine 2332
Wrench'd from its frame the mighty engine see, Once mov’d by fortitude and liberty, 2341
Disciplinam severissime rexit. Suet. in Aug. 24. 9 What form of government is best, has long been an undecided question ; but it does not seem difficult to determine that the worst is Democracy, especially, when occasioned by a revolution, in states where the people have been little considered, and long accustomed to subjection: not that nature has made any difference between the Nobleman and the Peasant, but education and habit have made a
deal. We should be surprised to find an excellent artist in
mechanical business, who was ignorant of the rudiments of the art, and had served no apprenticeship; then why should we expect that illiterate men, whose minds have been engaged in the meanest occupations, should be qualified at once to exercise the most difficult and sublime of all arts, that of governing? To their ignorance must be added another natural cause or 7