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The Civilian Conservation Camp established at Gillette, Wyo., for the purpose of controlling the coal fires in the public lands and privately owned lands in which the coal has been reserved to the Federal Government was continued through the third enrollment period until October 15, 1931, and was reestablished June 5, 1935, for the fifth enrollment period.
The work of surveying the public lands and office work in connection therewith under the Public Works allotments for that purpose continued throughout the fiscal year. The field parties of the General Land Office were also engaged on a large project of cooperative work for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration involving the survey of submarginal lands being purchased by that organization in the Eastern States.
AREAS TO WHICH ACTIVITIES OF THE GENERAL LAND
Unappropriated and v/nreserved public lands.—The area of the unappropriated and unreserved public lands as of June 30, 1934, was approximately 165,695,497 acres, not including Alaska, and not including small areas remaining undisposed of in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin. Of such area, 119,341,782 acres were surveyed and 46,353,697 acres were unsurveyed. The area of the unappropriated and unreserved public lands in Alaska was approximately 346,174,242 acres, of which 2,044,421 acres were surveyed.
In computing the areas which were vacant and unreserved on June 30, 1934, lands in pending, unallowed applications were considered as appropriated; but lands in applications for oil and gas prospecting permits, or in permits granted, or in applications for coal, phosphate, sodium, and/or sulphur, oil shale, or potash permits or leases, or in permits or leases granted, were considered as unappropriated. In view of the fact that the lands affected by the oil-shale order of withdrawal of April 15, 1930, or in designated geological structures of producing oil or gas fields, or in approved oil and gas leases, were then subject to disposition under the stock-raising homestead act, such lands were treated as unappropriated.
Because of the withdrawals made by the Executive orders of November 26, 1934, and February 5, 1935, there were no unreserved public lands at the close of business on June 30, 1935. The area which would have been vacant and unreserved had such withdrawals not been made has not been computed. The areas which were included in entries, selections, filings, etc., during the fiscal year were 1,752,010 acres in the public-land States and 7,068 acres in Alaska, a total of 1,759,078 acres. However, the net area of the public land •was not decreased to that extent as considerable areas were restored to the public domain through the rejection of applications and the cancelation of entries.
Patented with mineral reservations.—There also remained subject to lease or disposal 38,915,684.62 acres of patented lands in which the Government had reserved some or all of the mineral deposits, as shown by the following table:
Other areas to which activities of the General Land Office extend.—The activities of the General Land Office also extend in various ways to 116,128,603 acres of land included in withdrawals and grazing districts, as shown under the heading "Withdrawals and restorations" and to more than 180,000,000 acres in national forests in the public-land States and in Alaska, which are subject to all mining laws and to possible homestead entry under the act of June 11, 1906 (34 Stat. 233).
The areas under the control of the General Land Office, which on June 30,1935, were included in mineral leases and permits, or entries, are shown by the following tables:
Mineral leases and permits outstanding on June 30, 1935
Areas in pending entries as of June 30, 1935, Alaska not included
CADASTRAL ENGINEERING SERVICE
The Cadastral Engineering Service of the General Land Office is the congressionally constituted agency having jurisdiction over the survey and resurvey of the public lands of the United States proper and Alaska, mineral location surveys, and the preparation of the technical and legal records thereof. In addition, as stated under the heading "Work under emergency fund", the General Land Office participated in a program of land surveys for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration of the Department of Agriculture under an allotment of funds by the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, under its land-use program, so that the surveying activities have been more diversified than usual.
During the 2% months of field activities under the balance of the original Public Works allotment 358,092 man-hours of work were provided and during the 8y2 months of preparation of survey returns under the Public Works office allotment, 167,883 man-hours of work were performed on essential projects of permanent value in all parts of the country. The results were satisfactory beyond expectations, both as to the type and value of the work performed and the class and number of people benefited.
Cadastral surveying projects were located in 31 States and the Territory of Alaska, under 149 separate groups, of which total 36 groups in 9 States were resurveys. That part of the work which can be measured on a quantity basis, which excludes investigations and many miscellaneous surveys, embraces 8,274 linear miles, or 1,644,980 acres, comprising 1,040,670 acres of original surveys and 604,310 acres of resurveys. In addition, over 1,000,000 acres of irregular tracts of submarginal lands were surveyed for the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in 10 Eastern States along and adjacent to the Atlantic coast.
Due in part to the expended program under Public Works allotments the technical work of the offices of the Service was the largest in volume for many years. Plats and field notes of surveys and resurveys in 594 townships were prepared and approved, and in addition 239 supplemental plats were constructed and 92 mineral surveys embracing 276 locations were examined and platted at an average cost of $21.51 per location. In addition to the foregoing, 137 plats of miscellaneous surveys in several States and Alaska were prepared.
There were accepted and placed on file during the year plats representing 4,436,937 acres of original surveys of public lands and 2,903,349 acres of resurveys, comprising an aggregate area of 7,340,286 acres.
The 1934 edition of the large wall map of the United States has been printed and distributed. A new map of the State of Colorado has been issued, and the map of Alaska is in the hands of the contractor for printing. Preliminary work incident to the revision of the map of New Mexico has been commenced.
There were sold to the public 5,107 photolithographic copies of township plats and 15,592 copies were furnished, without cost, to other bureaus and agencies for official use.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES
Cash receipts.—The total cash receipts from sales, leases, and other disposals of public lands (including receipts from copies of records, sales of Government property, etc.) were $4,700,135.47, and from sales of Indian lands $100,026.77, an aggregate of $4,800,162.24, all of which was deposited in the Treasury; whereas the total expenditure from operations was $1,142,393, as hereinafter shown, making a net return of $3,657,769.24.
Receipts voider the mineral leasing acts.—Receipts from bonuses, royalties, and rentals under laws providing for the leasing of mineral rights on the public domain (including royalties and rentals from potash deposits and royalties on coal leases in Alaska) aggregated $4,004,054.54, of which $3,924,652.44 was received under the act of February 25,1920 (41 Stat. 437). The largest receipts under this act were from lands in California, the amount being $1,984,603.95. Wyoming was second, with receipts amounting to $1,391,220.92. Receipts from other States follow: New Mexico, $245,545.15; Colorado, $98,567.63; Montana, $83,458.73; Utah, $69,974.08; North Dakota, $25,188.29; Alabama, $11,837.95; Louisiana, $8,898.47; Idaho, $3,749.33; Nevada, $640; Washington, $542.20; and South Dakota, $425.74. Under the provision of the mineral leasing act cited, each State receives 37% percent of the receipts thereunder from the public lands within its borders, the reclamation fund receives 52% percent, and the other 10 percent remains in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.
Distribution of receipts.—Receipts from all sources, aggregating $4,800,162.24 as above shown, are distributed under the law approximately as follows: Reclamation fund, $2,304,493.24; to public-land States and certain counties within such States, $1,802,027.58; general fund, $593,614.65; and to various Indian tribes, $100,026.77.
Five percent of the net proceeds from cash sales of public land is paid to the public-land States within which such sales were made and the balance of such receipts from States named in the Reclamation Act are credited to the reclamation fund; the reclamation fund and the States involved receive (on the percentages shown above) 90 percent of the receipts under the Mineral Leasing Act; receipts from sales of reclamation town sites and camp sites and from royalties and rentals from potash deposits are credited to the reclamation fund; all of the receipts from proceeds of land and timber in the forfeited Oregon and California railroad grant will be paid to certain counties in Oregon in lieu of taxes; 25 percent of the proceeds of land and timber in the forfeited Coos Bay wagon-road grant will be paid to Coos County; the receipts from Indian lands (except 37% percent of royalties from Red River oil lands, payable to the State of Oklahoma in lieu of taxes) are deposited in the Treasury to the credit of the various Indian tribes. All other moneys are deposited in the Treasury to the credit of the general fund.
The following table shows the distribution of these moneys insofar as is possible before final settlement of all accounts by the General Accounting Office:
i First and fourth columns contain $28,742.30 royalties received in Wyoming under act of June 26, 1926.
'Amount payable to Coos County, 25 percent of proceeds of land and timber.
'Of the amount received as royalties from oil lands in the bed of Red River, Okla., 37H percent, $10,464.21, Is paid to Oklahoma, and the balance, amounting to $17,440.30, is credited to the Kiowa, Apache, and Comanche Indians.
Expenditures.—Total expenditures for the conduct of the business of the General Land Office, including expenses of the district land offices ($221,253), amounted to $1,142,393. Disbursements from emergency funds or contributed funds for the survey or resurvey of granted lands, public lands, or Indian lands are not included above.
Under the repayment laws, there were stated 102 accounts, allowing repayment of $16,171.95, and 50 claims were denied. The num