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up higher, viz. : John W. Bulkley, of Brooklyn, N. Y., the third president; John D. Philbrick, of Boston, Mass., the fourth president; Wm. H. Wells, of Chicago, Ill., the fifth president; S. S. Greene, of Providence, R. I., the sixth president; S. H. White, of Peoria, Ill., the fourteenth president; Gustavus J. Orr, of Atlanta, Ga., the twenty-first president; Eli T. Tappan, of Ohio, the twenty-second president; J. P. Wickersham, of Pennsylvania, the seventh president; and John Hancock, of Columbus, Ohio, the eighteenth president.

These were all men of educational faith, who performed the work of their life nobly, and have gone to their graves greatly honored and beloved by all who knew them. We have good reason to believe and expect that the twenty-one surviving presidents will be able to go to their final reward, when it is to be rendered, with equally untarnished honors, and with a revered memory.

We feel also constrained to express our high appreciation and commendation of one of our most faithful and indefatigable secretaries, W. D. Henkle, of Ohio.

At our second anniversary in Washington the association was called upon to express its deep sorrow and regret at the death of the Hon. Horace Mann, who gave a valuable lecture at our first anniversary. Other true and valuable members have closed their educational work on earth to engage in a higher and nobler work, we trust, in the spiritual mansions of the Great Teacher.

Before closing this sketch let me add that I have prepared some itemized and tabulated statements which will greatly increase the value of this historical sketch.

The first tabulated form or statement gives the place and time of each meeting in order, and the name and residence of the three principal officers, viz., the president, secretary, and treasurer.

The second tabulated statement gives also the place and time and presiding officer of each of the meetings of the general association, and of each of the departments; and also the subjects of papers, reports and discussions of each department at each meeting, with the names of the authors.

The third statement contains an alphabetical list of the authors of such papers and discussions as are published in the Proceedings, with the titles of papers following the name, and the volume in which it can be found.

These tables furnish a complete index of the work and of the workers of the association from the beginning.

AMENDED CONSTITUTION.

1870.

THE Constitution of THE NATIONAL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION was amended at the meeting held at Cleveland, Ohio, 1870, in conformity to the change of name and plan of organization of the Association, and the following was adopted as

THE

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION.

PREAMBLE.

To elevate the character and advance the interests of the profession of teaching, and to promote the cause of popular education in the United States, we, whose names are subjoined, agree to adopt the following

CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1.-NAME.
This Association shall be styled the National Educational Association.

ARTICLE II.-DEPARTMENTS.

SECTION 1. It shall consist of four Departments : The first, of School Superintendence ; the second, of Normal Schoois ; the third, of Elementary Schools ; the fourth, of Higher Instruction.

SECT. 2. Other departments may be organized in the manner prescribed in this Constitution,

ARTICLE III.- MEMBERSHIP. Section 1. Any person in any way conrected with the work of education shall be eligible to membership. Such person may become a member of this Association by pay. ing two dollars and signing this Constitution; and he may continue a member by the payment of an annual fee of one dollar. On his neglect to pay such fee, his membership shall cease.

SECT. 2. Each department may prescribe its own conditions of membership, provided that no person be admitted to such membership who is not a member of the general Association.

Sect. 3. Any person eligible to membership may become a life-member by paying at once ten dollars.

ARTICLE IV.-OFFICERS.

а

SECTION 1. The officers of this Association shall be a President, twelve Vice-Presi. dents, a Secretary, a Treasurer, one Counsellor for each State, District, or Territory represented in the Association, and the officers charged with the administration of their respective Departments.

Sect. 2. The President, Vice-Presidents, Secretary, Treasurer, Counsellors, and presiding officers of their respective Departments shall constitute the Board of Directors, and, as such, shall have power to appoint such committees from their own number as they shall deem expedient.

Sect. 3. The elective officers of the Association shall be chosen by ballot, unless otherwise ordered, on the second day of each annual session, a majority of the votes cast being necessary for a choice. They shall continue in office until the close of the annual session subsequent to their election, and until their successors are chosen.

SECT. 4. Each department shall be administered by a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and such other officers as it shall deem necessary to conduct its affairs.

Sect. 5. The President shall preside at all meetings of the Association and of the Board of Directors, and shall perform the duties usually devolving upon a presiding officer. In his absence, the first Vice-President in order, who is present, shall preside ; and in the absence of all Vice-Presidents, a pro tempore chairman shall be appointed on nomination, the Secretary putting the question.

Sect. 6. The Secretary shall keep a full and accurate report of the proceedings of the general meetings of the Association and all meetings of the Board of Directors, and shall conduct such correspondence as the Directors may assign, and shall have his records present at all meetings of the Association and of the Board of Directors. The Secretary of each department shall, in addition to performing the duties usually pertaining to his office, keep a list of the members of his department.

SECT. 7. The Treasurer shall receive and hold in safe keeping all moneys paid to the Association, shall expend the same only upon the order of the Committee of Finance, shall keep an exact account of his receipts and expenditures, with vouchers for the latter, which accounts he shall render to the Board of Directors prior to each regular meeting of the Association, and shall also present an abstract thereof to the Association. He shall give bonds for the faithful discharge of his duties as may be required by the Board of Directors.

SECT. 8. The Board of Directors shall have power to fill all vacancies in their own body; shall have in charge the general interests of the Association ; shall make all necessary arrangements for its meetings ; and shall do all in its power to make it a useful and honorable institution. Upon the written application of twenty members of the Association for permission to establish a new Department, they may grant such permission. Such new Department shall in all respects be entitled to the same rights and privileges as the others. The formation of such Department shall in effect be a sufficient amendment to this Constitution for the insertion of its name in Article II., and the Secretary shall make the necessary alterations.

ARTICLE V.-MEETINGS. SECTION 1. The annual meeting of the Association shall be held at such time and place as shall be determined by the Board of Directors.

Sect. 2. Special meetings may be called by the President at the request of fire Directors.

Sect. 3. Any Department of the Association may hold a special meeting at such time and place as by its own regulations it shall appoint.

SECT. 4. The Board of Directors shall hold their regular meetings at the place, and not less than two hours before the assembling of the Association.

Sect. 5. Special meetings may be held at such other times and places as the Board or the President shall determine.

Sect. 6. Each new Board shall organize at the session of its election. At its first meeting a Committee on Publication shall be appointed, which shall consist of the Sec. retary of the Association for the previous year, and one member from each department.

ARTICLE VI.-BY-LAWS.

By-laws, not inconsistent with this Constitution, may be adopted by a two-thirds vote of the Association,

ARTICLE VII.—AMENDMENTS. This Constitution may be altered or amended at a regular meeting by the unanimous vote of the members present, or by a two-thirds vote of the members present, provided that the alteration or amendment has been substantially proposed in writing at a previous meeting.

BY-LAWS.

1. At each regular meeting of the Association there shall be appointed a Committee on Nominations, one on Honorary Members, and one on Resolutions.

2. The President, First Vice-President, and Secretary shall constitute a Committee on Finance.

3. Each paying member of the Association shall be entitled to a copy of its proceedings.

CONSTITUTION

OP THE

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

1886-1891.

PREAMBLE.

To elevate the character and advance the interests of the profession of teaching, and to promote the cause of popular education in the United States, we, whose names are subjoined, agree to adopt the following

CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1.-NAME.

This Association shall be styled the National Educational Association.

ARTICLE II. -DEPARTMENTS.

Section 1. It shall consist of nine departments : The first, of School Superintendence; the second, of Normal Schools; the third, of Elementary Schools; the fourth, of Higher Instruction ; the fifth, of Industrial Education ; the sixth, of Art Education; the seventh, of Kindergarten Instruction ; the eighth, of Music Education ; the ninth, of Secondary Education ; and a National Council of Education.

Sec. 2. Other departments may be organized in the manner prescribed in this Constitution.

ARTICLE III.--MEMBERSHIP. Section 1. Any person in any way connected with the work of education, or any educational association, shall be eligible to membership. Such person or association may become a member of this Association by paying two dollars and signing this Constitution, and may continue a member by the payment of an annual fee of two dollars. On neglect to pay such fee, the membership will cease.

Sec. 2. Each department may prescribe its own conditions of membership, provided that no person be admitted to such membership who is not a member of the general Association,

Sec. 3. Any person eligible to membership may become a life-member by paying at once twenty dollars.

ARTICLE IV.-OFFICERS. Section 1. The officers of this Association shall be a President, twelve Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, a Treasurer, one Director for each State, District or Territory represented in the Association, and the presiding officers of the several departments

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