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great part in the history of the Mr. Miall, and that of the Premier country-"a part so vital, entering in reply, being the only prominent 50 profoundly into its entire life features in it. and action, that the severing of the It is easier to ask than to indicate two would leave nothing behind to what this notable Parliamentary' but a bleeding and lacerated mass. passage at arms really points. The Take the Church of England out of assault on the position held by the the History of England, and the Establishment will doubtless be History of England becomes a renewed, and will be necessarily chaos without order, without life, the same in effect, if not in form ; and without meaning." Besides, will the same defence continue to be if the same rules of equity and forthcoming? Is this vote, which liberality were applied as does not argue any progress at least adopted in the case of the Irish of the cause which Mr. Miall es. Church, something like ninety mil. pouses, a reliable index of the state lions sterling would bave to be or tendency of public opinion; or is it given in the process of dis-establish- merely a sign of an indisposition to ment to the ministers, members, look, in these last days of an expiring and patrons of the Church of Parliament, at an abstract question England : the spectacle of a volun. whose issues, it is instinctively tary Society, altogether independent felt on all sides, may be of the of the State, with money available most momentous kind ? Is it for its purposes that can be roughly simply a relegation of the contest described, or even possibly esti. to a more convenient time, the mated, by figures like these, does relative position of all parties present to the mind rather puzzling being for the moment more than problems; so that "prudent men, ordinarily doubtful; or is it proof moderate men, and, it may be said, of an unwillingness to grapple with liberal men, may venture to doubt confessed evils in the Establishwhether they are called upon by ment, even in the minds of some any imperative sense of duty to who sincerely deplore them? So join in such a crusade " as that to far as figures teach us, the move. which Mr. Miall, “ filling the part ment in favour of the dis-estab. of Peter the Hermit,"' invites them. lishment of the English Church Mr. Gladstone closed his speech by does not appear to have received saying, “Sir, I invite the House & sensible impulse from the distinctly to refuse their assent to spectacle presented by the Irish the motion of my honourable Church during the last three friend, because it is a motion, the or four years.
Yet it is pos. conclusions of which are alike at sible that what we have just variance with the practical wishes witnessed is, after all, only a postand desires, the intelligent opinions, ponement, agreeable to all but and the religious convictions of a eager partisans, of a question large majority of the people of destined to be a rallying-point for England." The result of the divi. a conflict hereafter, but for which sion was, that in a House of four none perhaps feel themselves fully hundred and seventeen members, prepared. The present practical sixty-one voted for Mr. Miall's out-come, however, is to confirm Resolution, and three hundred and the tenure of the Establishment. fifty-six against it. The debate, if Will it be wisely utilized ? No it may be so called, occupied about thoughtful man but will pray that a couple of hours, the speeches of it may; that, for example, the four
hundred and eighty clergymen, promoters of "confession" and "absolution," who presented their petition or address to Convocation the other day, and the like of them, may be so handled as to dwindle into virtual insignificance, if they cannot be wholly extirpated from the Church to which they are
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
ANNIVERSARY OF THE SOCIETY.
THE Meeting was held in Exeter
The 697th Hymn was sung by the assembly; after which the REV. DR. JAMES engaged in prayer.
HOME RECEIPTS.-Mission-House Donations, Subscriptions, etc., £3,359 178. 4d.; Home Districts, including England, Wales, Scotland, and Zetland, £89,068 18. 7d.; Hibernian Missionary Society (exclusive of Christmas Offerings,) £3,623 98. 9d.; Juvenile Christmas Offerings, £10,557 48. 4d.; Legacies, £7,298 158. 2d.; Dividends on property to secure annuities, £929 158. 2d.; Interest on Centenary Grant, £450; Total Home Receipts, £115,287 3s. 4d.
FOREIGN RECEIPTS.-Affiliated Conferences and Mission Districts, £41,623 98. 1d. Total Home and Foreign Receipts, £156,910 12s. 5d.
This amount of £156,910 12s. 5d. is £8,324 178. 4d. in advance of the ordinary income of last year. The increase of £3,400 in the receipts of the Home Districts is especially gratifying.
The total amount of Regular and Miscellaneous Receipts from all sources is £161,833 13s. 11d.
recreants. The fortunes of the Church of England are still, apparently, in her own hands: if true to herself, length of days and a great work are before her; but if she prove otherwise, it is not votes in Parliament that can in the end save her from the tormentors. London, May 20th, 1873.
The REV. G. T. PERKS, M.A., read secretary, took place in June last. For the following Report :
many years he had conducted the opening services of the annual meetings of this Society, and was present and officiated on this occasion last year. More recently, the deaths of the Rev. William Shaw, the founder of the Kaffir Mission, and of the venerable Rev. Thomas Jackson, admonish us not to neglect to work while the opportunity is given us.
PAYMENTS.-General expenditure, including the cost of the Canton and Hankow Missions, and the Mission in Italy, £149,648 58. 11d.; grant towards the Mission premises in Paris, £1,000; total, £150,648 58. 11d.
lost by death many of its old friends and supporters. Among them we may especially refer to the names of John Chubb, of Brixton, John Fernley, of Southport, Christopher T. Gabriel, of Streatham, William Callister, of the Isle of Man, John M. Shum, of Bath, and Thomas Walker, of Cheltenham.
The death of the Rev. Elijah Hoole D.D., our late much respected senior
All our mission fields possess a distinctive character, and may be classified -1. As missions to nominally Christian countries, in which Popery or an unevangelical Protestantism, equally opposed to the truth, is prevalent; or, 2. Missions to colonies mainly British in their character; or, 3. Missions to the West Indies, among the descendants of the emancipated Negro population; or, 4. Missions to the heathendom of India, China, Africa, America, Australasia, and Polynesia. In the spirit which led John Wesley to exclaim, "The world is my parish!" our Missionary Society has been led from small beginnings in the American colonies and in the West Indies to regard its field as the world. In common with our fellow-labourers, we have, no doubt, attempted more than mere prudential
During the past year the Society has considerations would have justified;
but we believe that all our missions ployed by our various agents in this originated in singular providential calls country, and its importance in furtherand openings, which the zeal and ing the objects of our Society cannot piety of our predecessors would not be too highly appreciated. Who of us permit them to neglect. The work a few years ago ever expected to hear which they began in faith will, we of a public discussion in Rome as to trust, be maintained by our faithful. the reality of the primacy of Peter, or ness, and even extended as the means to live to see the seat of the Papacy placed at our disposal will permit. In blessed with full religious liberty ? In the survey of the past there is much Spain, besides our military station and to encourage us; and though we feel Spanish school at Gibraltar, we have that we are at best but “unprofitable ser. stations at Barcelona and Port Mahon, vants," yet we are cheered in our work (in the island of Minorca,) and in by the manifest tokens of the Divine Portugal, at Oporto. Amid much oppo. favour, and can rejoicingly affirm, sition, and notwithstanding the dis. " The best of all is, God is with us." tracting tendency of the political ex.
1. The missions to nominally Chris. citement of the present crisis in Spain, tian countries come first in order. Ire- our agents pursue their labours, sowing land, the stronghold of that Ultramon. good seed, and hoping in due time to tane Popery which is little less than a reap as they have sown. But we must conspiracy against the civil and reli. guard against the supposition that we gious liberties of the human race, is are so sanguine as to expect at once a our earliest mission, having been cum- large amount of success. In Spain menced so far back as 1.D. 1747. The and Italy, especially, superstition on Protestantism of the island is much the one hand, and a rampant, undis. indebted to the labours of our mission- guised infidelity, are alike bitterly aries. Here we employ thirty-five opposed to the Gospel. Neither do we ministers, who have under their care rely upon any direct beneficial influthirty-five day-schools, with one thou- ence from political changes: in these sand nine hundred and eighty scholars. revolutionary contests we gladly avail At no time was a zealous Evangelical ourselves of the openings given to us ministry more necessary in Ireland in which to enter and preach Christ, than at the present, or the prospect of hoping and praying that while God's considerable success more cheering. judgments are abroad, the nations may The French Missions, under the care be willing to learn righteousness. The of the French Conference, have not yet mission in Germany has had a prosrecovered from the trials and losses perous year. In our opinion, the Raarising out of the late war, 1870; but tionalism of the sceptical school, and the spirit of the members of our the Sacramentarianism of the UltraChurches is excellent, and their efforts Lutheran clergy, can best be neutralized to meet the claims upon them are most by the exhibition of genuine experi. praiseworthy. In addition to the sum mental religion. Our work in Southern of £2,500 which was reported last year, Germany now extends from the borders the further sum of above $1,400 has of France, through Wurtemberg and been raised by a special effort in Eng. Bavaria, as far as Vienna, in Austria. land towards the relief of their Circuits The German ministers are peculiarly and chapels. Italy has, in addition to adapted to their work, are identified with our two English ministers, seventeen the mass of the people, and have great of its own sons engaged in preaching reason to rejoice in the success of their the pure Gospel of Christ, besides labours. In this class of missions to nomi. catechists and others. At Rome we are nally Christian countries, we have one already in possession of suitable build hundred and one ministers employed, ings for preaching and educational and the returns report seven thousand purposes, and at Naples the new chapel one hundred and twenty-six members, and schools are advancing towards and six thousand seven hundred and completion, while our educational seventy-eight scholars in the schools. establishment at Padua is in efficient 2. The missions to colonies mainly operation. The press is largely em. British in their population occupy tho
whole of British North America, (with tinent, and thus keep ont the Dutch the exception of the regular Circuits and English “heretics.". These colowithin the limits of the Canadian Con- nies seem to be so placed as to be in. ference, the colonies in Australia and tended to be, through their Churches, New Zealand, and the colonial portion instruments of spiritual good to the of South Africa. No missions have been islands of the Pacific and of the Indian so successful in immediate results Ocean, and their presert efforts in sup. as those in North America. Within port of missions indicate a desire to the last century the “little one" has co-operate in this honourable work. In become "a thousand." The Methodism the English work we have two hundred of the United States, as well as that of and seventy ministers labouring in British America, is the result of mis. these colonies, and they report twenty. sionary labour. The identity of lan. six thousand six hundred and seventy guage and race, and the free, unshackled members, with fifty thousand three condition of colonial life, were no doubt hundred and fifty-four scholars in the very important helps to the zealous schools. With the exception of Western labours of the early missionaries; but Australia these missions are self-supthe great moving influence was that porting. In the Cape Colony, the converting power of the Holy Ghost Orange Free State, Trans Vaal Rewhich attended their ministry, and public, and Natal, the vative and which we must never forget duly to European populations are so mingled, honour. In British North America, in that it is impossible to separate the addition to the large work carried on returns of the colonial work from those by the Canadian Conference, we have of the missions in Kaffirland and in the among the dispersed settlers and in the Bechuana country. The early bistory Indian territory, three hundred and of the mission is identified with the seventy-nine ministers, thirty-two thou- names of Barnabas and William Shaw, sand seven hnndred and fifty members, the latter, the honoured father of the and seventy-two thousand seven hun. Kaffir mission, is no longer amongst us, dred and sixty-six scholars, scattered but his work survives. These missions over the Canadas, New Brunswick, Nova have been, since their beginning, tried Scotia, Cape Breton, Newfoundland, by native wars, and by the unsettlePrince Edward's Island, Columbia, Van. ment of tho population occasioned by couver's Island, and what used to be emigration, and by the discovery of the called the Hudson's Bay Territory, but diamond fields; but the work is rapidly which is now being occupied by settle- advancing. A large number of the ments. These missions are under the Kaffir population have been brought care of the Canadian and Eastern
under Christian influence; thousands British American Conferences. The of scholars have been trained to read colonies of New South Wales, Queens. the Word of God in their own tongue; land, Victoria, South Australia, Wes-. and many able native ministers have tern Australia, Tasmania, and New been raised up. Our difficulty now is Zealand are placed under the care of' to meet the enlarged educational wants the Australasian Conference. The popu- and requirements of the native people. lation of these colonies is mainly Brit- In these missions eighty-five mission. ish, and, like their brethren in North aries labour. The number of ChurchAmerica, disposed to be intensely so.' members is thirteen thousand seven They emulate, and in some respects, hundred and forty-eight, and the excel, the mother country in their zeal seholars reported are thirteen thousand for the maintenance of Christian insti- eight hundred and twenty-one. tutions. It is a matter of thankfulness
3. The West Indian missions occupy that this important section of the globe & peculiar position in relation to other should, in the good providence of God, missions. The colonies of Jamaica, the have been colonized by the British
Windward and Leeward Islands, the race. Little more than two hundred and Bahamas, British Guiana, Honduras, seventy years ago, a far-seeing Spanish and Hayti are mainly inhabited by the official endeavoured to persuade Philip descendants of the Africans emanci. II. of Spain to occupy this southern con. pated in 1834. The European popu
lation is comparatively small. No missions have had greater difficulties to contend against. Earthquakes, hurricanes, the pestilence, and occasional fires have from time to time destroyed life and property; the changes in the commercial policy of the British Government operated for a while most injuriously in reducing the value of the staples of these colonies, and in some localities fearful droughts reduced the population to poverty and starvation. Our Maya mission to Honduras has been disturbed by Indian raids on the colony; and our Societies in Ruatan, an island belonging to the republic of Honduras, have suffered from a political revolution, which is no strange event in the Spanish republics of America. Yet, in spite of these untoward circumstances, the West Indian colonies are gradually improving,—agriculturally, commercially, and socially. The great want is an educated native ministry. The time since the emancipation has been but a short period in the history of a nation, and our moral and educa. tional agencies have not been equal to the task of thoroughly changing the character and habits of the people within the lifetime of a generation. Yet, over many of our Churches we have great reason to rejoice; and, from what has been effected in their case, to look hopefully in reference to the future. In these missions we have ninety-seven missionaries, forty-four thousand seven hundred and twentyeight members, and twenty-eight thousand and thirty-eight scholars. Owing to emigration, and to the dispersion of our Societies in Tortola and elsewhere, after the last hurricane, these numbers are a small decrease on the returns of the previous year.
4. Nearly allied to our West Indian missions are our missions in the Sierra Leone and Gambia Districts in West Africa. Here Africans are being trained under Christian influences to benefit by the civilization which too often has been made a means of degradation to their race. The majority of our ministers in these Districts, as well as on the Gold Coast, are native Africans, educated and trained for their work. In the Gold Coast District, the death of the Chairman following so soon after
that of his predecessor, and the distractions arising out of war between Ashanti and Fanti tribes, have seriously affected our work. It is our hope that the influence of the British Government will be successful in making such arrangements as may secure the peace of this extensive country, over which it already exercises a partial protectorate. In West Africa we have twenty-one missionaries, eight thousand nine hundred and seventyfour Church-members, and five thou sand eight hundred and twenty-nine children in our schools.
5. Missions to purely heathen coun tries stand in a very different position from missions to colonies in which identity of race and language afford peculiar facilities for the propagation and reception of new ideas. To some extent the Roman world in Western Asia and Southern Europe had been ✨partially prepared for the first preachers of Christianity, and large sections of the population had become familiarized by the dispersion of the Jews, and by the translation of the Scriptures into Greek, with the phraseology and truths revealed in the Old Testament. This important preparatory work, which was proceeding in the old world for some centuries before the coming of Christ, has been wanting in India, China, and in most of the heathen lands to which our missionaries are sent in our day. As the operations of the Holy Spirit, the Giver of light, are generally carried on in accordance with the ordinary laws of mind, we are not to be surprised that the missionaries have to regret the slow progress made in direct conversions to Christianity. No one can charge them with dealing in highly-coloured statements of success, or with being blinded to their difficulties by a sanguine enthusiasm, which takes no fair estimate of the obstacles to be encountered. On the contrary, they write as men battling against overwhelming forces, but calmly resolving to labour on in faith, laying foundations which make no show to the ordinary observer, but upon which the grand superstructure of Christianity will eventually be apparent. All who admit the divinity of Christianity must equally admit that it is our duty to propagate it: the simple