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ought no longer to be maintained." vocation, papers read before Church In advocating this Resolution, the congresses, diocesan and general, mover, after urging reasons why its visitation charges, and pamphlets abstract form should not be con- innumerable, all reiterated the sidered a barrier to an assent to it by complaint that the Church was the House of Commons, dwelt at con- hampered and shackled by the siderable length on each of the four State in the prosecution of her propositions comprised in it. As to spiritual mission. She could not the first, he contended that “the organize her machinery, revise her Church of England was represented formularies, shorten her services, by a number of dignitaries in the adopt a new Lectionary, or prevent other House ; its creeds were the sale of the cure of souls withstamped with the authority of the out having recourse to a secular nation; and in almost every parish Legislature in which all creeds was one of its ministers, main- were represented.” On the third tained out of the public resources. part of the proposed Resolution, These ecclesiastical establislıments, the honourable member asked, from their conception and mode of having mentioned the Athanasian working, trampled upon the senti- Creed and the memorial respectment of religious equality—a senti- ing it recently subscribed in re. ment but recently fully developed, sponse to the invitation of Lord but which always existed as an Shaftesbury, “Was that House aspiration of conscience even when qualified to legislate on any such prevented by an unripe condition subject ?...... The subordination of of society from asserting itself...... the Established Church reduced The principle of religious equality, her to a position of total helpless. though possibly the last of human ness in regard to the management birthrights, was not on that account of her own affairs, and placed her the least valuable.” The grievance in the position of a branch of the occasioned by violation of this Civil Service...... Within its proper equality," he held, was not a sphere there was, perhaps, no insti. sentimental one, it “deteriorated" tution which had secured a larger both the griever and the grieved: amount of good government than “what wrongs of a grosser kind the British Legislature.

But no ever evoked more passionate re. one could at the same time con. sentment?" In maintaining the template with pride its action in second proposition, which declared the department of ecclesiastical that injury is inflicted on the legislation.” On the fourth of the Church of England as a religious averments which he sought to organization by its connection with verify, Mr. Miall “ did not mean the State, Mr. Miall asked, "Were to deny that the Church itself, as a there not large numbers of her religious institution, had done much own devoted adherents, High good;" but, owing to its associaChurch, Low Church, and Broad tion with the State, it had “ shown Church, who deemed it impossible itself to be uniformly hostile to for her to do the work she was great measures intended for the qualified to do, so long as she was general good of the community.” tongue-tied, and bound by legal In support of this grave charge, restraints ?...... Motions in that and reference was made to the resistthe other House of Parliament, ance of the Establishment in the speeches in both Houses of Con. cases of the abolition of the Test and Corporation Acts, Catholic of a nature to be got rid of by Emancipation, the Repeal of the the method propounded. If it be Corn Laws, and the admission of admitted, as it may well be, that Jews into Parliament: “could it most of the Nonconforming bodies have prevailed over the sounder appear to exercise the principles judgment of the public at large, and power of self-government with indeed, it would have very seriously very considerable success, yet it will interfered with the progress of not do to draw from such an adcivilization and the material pros- mission the inference that the same perity of the country."

state of things would prevail were To these and similar arguments "a great historical and national advanced by Mr. Miall, for the dis. Church, like the Church of England, establishment of the Church of to be placed in the position of a England, the Premier himself was private religious community." "If unexpectedly the first to reply. He the House of Commons were to rose to do so at once, because " he adopt the motion, what would be did not desire that there should be the sentiment of the country on even the slightest appearance of the morrow? What would be the delay or hesitation on the part of condition of the Parliament which the Government in declaring the had affirmed the proposal ?" The course they meant to take.” The constituencies, it was believed by several propositions of the Resolu. the Premier, would return fewer tion under discussion were then members inclined to entertain the considered one by one,-proposi. question of the dis-establishment of tions, it was observed, "of enor. the English Churcli than are to mous sweep and volume;" which be found in the present Parliament. “have been, and may be again, “If it be more than the truth that the subject of lengthy and compre. seventy-eight per cent. of the popuhensive speeches ; " which “may lation are members of the Estaboccupy for months and years, at lished Church, it is probably far less some period or other," the attention than the truth to say that one-half of Parliament; but" with which,” is the true proportion." People had said the speaker, “I do not think been misled, by external resem. we are qualified, at this moment, blances between the Churches of any more than we are disposed, Ireland and England, in supposing to deal in a manner which their that in the dis-establishment of the importance and difficulty would one there was something likely, demand.” He admitted that there at any rate, to induce attack on the were many difficulties in the con- other: "the apparent similarity of duct of the government of the the cases could not long conceal Establishment, and in the prosecu. their essential differences." The tion of its proper work as it now condition of the Establishment, stood. Such difficulties, however, moreover, is not one of "helpless were not of a kind to vanish by å hopelessness:" to its influence is due mere dissociation from the State: the fact, says Dr. Döllinger, in his the disturbances and distractions Lectures on the Re-union of the of the Church were to be viewed Churches, " that the cold, dull with deep regret, but it should indifferentism, which on the Conti be remembered that differences nent has spread like a mildew over were not confined to the Church of all degrees of society, has no place England ; and that the conditions in the British Isles. The Church which affect that Church were not of England has in fact played a

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great part in the history of the Mr. Miall, and that of the Premier country-"a part so vital, entering in reply, being the only prominent 50 profoundly into its entire life features in it. and action, that the severing of the It is easier to ask than to indicate two would leave nothing behind to what this notable Parliamentary' but a bleeding and lacerated mass. passage at arms really points. The Take the Church of England out of assault on the position held by the the History of England, and the Establishment will doubtless be History of England becomes a renewed, and will be necessarily chaos without order, without life, the same in effect, if not in form ; and without meaning." Besides, will the same defence continue to be if the same rules of equity and forthcoming? Is this vote, which liberality were applied as does not argue any progress at least adopted in the case of the Irish of the cause which Mr. Miall es. Church, something like ninety mil. pouses, a reliable index of the state lions sterling would bave to be or tendency of public opinion; or is it given in the process of dis-establish- merely a sign of an indisposition to ment to the ministers, members, look, in these last days of an expiring and patrons of the Church of Parliament, at an abstract question England : the spectacle of a volun. whose issues, it is instinctively tary Society, altogether independent felt on all sides, may be of the of the State, with money available most momentous kind ? Is it for its purposes that can be roughly simply a relegation of the contest described, or even possibly esti. to a more convenient time, the mated, by figures like these, does relative position of all parties present to the mind rather puzzling being for the moment more than problems; so that "prudent men, ordinarily doubtful; or is it proof moderate men, and, it may be said, of an unwillingness to grapple with liberal men, may venture to doubt confessed evils in the Establishwhether they are called upon by ment, even in the minds of some any imperative sense of duty to who sincerely deplore them? So join in such a crusade " as that to far as figures teach us, the move. which Mr. Miall, “ filling the part ment in favour of the dis-estab. of Peter the Hermit,"' invites them. lishment of the English Church Mr. Gladstone closed his speech by does not appear to have received saying, “Sir, I invite the House & sensible impulse from the distinctly to refuse their assent to spectacle presented by the Irish the motion of my honourable Church during the last three friend, because it is a motion, the or four years.

Yet it is pos. conclusions of which are alike at sible that what we have just variance with the practical wishes witnessed is, after all, only a postand desires, the intelligent opinions, ponement, agreeable to all but and the religious convictions of a eager partisans, of a question large majority of the people of destined to be a rallying-point for England." The result of the divi. a conflict hereafter, but for which sion was, that in a House of four none perhaps feel themselves fully hundred and seventeen members, prepared. The present practical sixty-one voted for Mr. Miall's out-come, however, is to confirm Resolution, and three hundred and the tenure of the Establishment. fifty-six against it. The debate, if Will it be wisely utilized ? No it may be so called, occupied about thoughtful man but will pray that a couple of hours, the speeches of it may; that, for example, the four hundred and eighty clergymen, recreants. The fortunes of the promoters of “confession” and Church of England are still

, appa"absolution,” who presented their rently, in her own hands : if true to petition or address to Convocation herself, length of days and a great the other day, and the like of them, work are before her; but if she may be so handled as to dwindle prove otherwise, it is not votes in into virtual insignificance, if they Parliament that can in the end cannot be wholly extirpated from save her from the tormentors. the Church to which they are London, May 20th, 1873.



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ANNIVERSARY OF THE SOCIETY. lost by death many of its old friends

and supporters. Among them we may

especially refer to the names of John The Meeting was held in Exeter Chubb, of Brixton, John Fernley, of Hall on Monday, May 5th, the Right Hox. LORD NAPIER AND ETTRICK, K.T.,

Southport, Christopher T. Gabriel, of

Streatham, William Callister, of the P.C., in the chair.

Isle of Man, John M. Shum, of Bath, The 697th Hymn was sung by the

and Thomas Walker, of Cheltenham. assembly; after which the Rev. Dr. JAMES engaged in prayer.

The death of the Rev. Elijah Hoole

D.D., our late much respected senior The Rev. G. T. PERKS, M.A., read secretary, took place in June last. For the following Report :

many years he had conducted the openHOME RECEIPTS.-Mission-House ing services of the annual meetings of Donations, Subscriptions, etc., £3,359 this Society, and was present and 178. 4d.; Home Districts, including officiated on this occasion last year. England, Wales, Scotland, and Zetland, More recently, the deaths of the Rer. £89,066 18. 7d.; Hibernian Missionary

William Shaw, the founder of the Kaffir Society (exclusive of Christmas Offer- Mission, and of the venerable Rev. ings,) £3,623 98. 9d.; Juvenile Christ- Thomas Jackson, admonish us not to mas Offerings, £10,557 48. 40.; Lega- neglect to work while the opportunity cies, £7,298 158. 2d.; Dividends on is given us. property to secure annuities, £929 158. 2d.; Interest on Centenary Grant, £450;

All our mission fields possess a disTotal Home Receipts, £115,287 38. 4d.

tinctive character, and may be classified FOREIGN RECEIPTS.-Affiliated Con

-1. As missions to nominally Chrisferences and Mission Districts, £11,623

tian countries, in which Popery or an 9s. 1d. Total Home and Foreign Re

unevangelical Protestantism, equally ceipts, £156,910 12s. 5d.

opposed to the truth, is prevalent; or, This amount of $156,910 12s. 511. is

2. Missions to colonies mainly British .£8,324 178. 4d. in advance of the ordi

in their character; or, 3. Missions to nary income of last year. The increase

the West Indies, among the descendants of £3,400 in the receipts of the Home

of the emancipated Negro population; Districts is especially gratifying.

or, 4. Missions to the heathendom of The total amount of Regular and India, China, Africa, America, AustralMiscellaneous Receipts from all sources

asia, and Polynesia. In the spirit is £161,833 138. 11d.

which led John Wesley to exclaim, PAYMENTS.-General expenditure, in

The world is my parish!" our Miscluding the cost of the Canton and sionary Society has been led from small Hankow Missions, and the Mission in

beginnings in the American colonies Italy, £149,648 58. 11d. ; grant towards

and in the West Indies to regard its the Mission premises in Paris, £1,000; field as the world. In common with total, £150,648 68. 11d.

our fellow-labourers, we have, no doubt,

attempted more than mere prudential During the past year the Society has considerations would have justified ;

but we believe that all our missions ployed by our various agents in this originated in singular providential calls country, and its importance in furtherand openings, which the zeal and ing the objects of our Society cannot piety of our predecessors would not be too highly appreciated. Who of us permit them to neglect. The work a few years ago ever expected to hear which they began in faith will, we of a public discussion in Rome as to trust, be maintained by our faithful. the reality of the primacy of Peter, or ness, and even extended as the means to live to see the seat of the Papacy placed at our disposal will permit. In blessed with full religious liberty ? In the survey of the past there is much Spain, besides our military station and to encourage us; and though we feel Spanish school at Gibraltar, we have that we are at best but “unprofitable ser. stations at Barcelona and Port Mahon, vants," yet we are cheered in our work (in the island of Minorca,) and in by the manifest tokens of the Divine Portugal, at Oporto. Amid much oppo. favour, and can rejoicingly affirm, sition, and notwithstanding the dis. " The best of all is, God is with us." tracting tendency of the political ex.

1. The missions to nominally Chris. citement of the present crisis in Spain, tian countries come first in order. Ire- our agents pursue their labours, sowing land, the stronghold of that Ultramon. good seed, and hoping in due time to tane Popery which is little less than a reap as they have sown. But we must conspiracy against the civil and reli. guard against the supposition that we gious liberties of the human race, is are so sanguine as to expect at once a our earliest mission, having been cum- large amount of success. In Spain menced so far back as 1.D. 1747. The and Italy, especially, superstition on Protestantism of the island is much the one hand, and a rampant, undis. indebted to the labours of our mission- guised infidelity, are alike bitterly aries. Here we employ thirty-five opposed to the Gospel. Neither do we ministers, who have under their care rely upon any direct beneficial influthirty-five day-schools, with one thou- ence from political changes: in these sand nine hundred and eighty scholars. revolutionary contests we gladly avail At no time was a zealous Evangelical ourselves of the openings given to us ministry more necessary in Ireland in which to enter and preach Christ, than at the present, or the prospect of hoping and praying that while God's considerable success more cheering. judgments are abroad, the nations may The French Missions, under the care be willing to learn righteousness. The of the French Conference, have not yet mission in Germany has had a prosrecovered from the trials and losses perous year. In our opinion, the Raarising out of the late war, 1870; but tionalism of the sceptical school, and the spirit of the members of our the Sacramentarianism of the UltraChurches is excellent, and their efforts Lutheran clergy, can best be neutralized to meet the claims upon them are most by the exhibition of genuine experi. praiseworthy. In addition to the sum mental religion. Our work in Southern of £2,500 which was reported last year, Germany now extends from the borders the further sum of above $1,400 has of France, through Wurtemberg and been raised by a special effort in Eng. Bavaria, as far as Vienna, in Austria. land towards the relief of their Circuits The German ministers are peculiarly and chapels. Italy has, in addition to adapted to their work, are identified with our two English ministers, seventeen the mass of the people, and have great of its own sons engaged in preaching reason to rejoice in the success of their the pure Gospel of Christ, besides labours. In this class of missions to nomi. catechists and others. At Rome we are nally Christian countries, we have one already in possession of suitable build hundred and one ministers employed, ings for preaching and educational and the returns report seven thousand purposes, and at Naples the new chapel one hundred and twenty-six members, and schools are advancing towards and six thousand seven hundred and completion, while our educational seventy-eight scholars in the schools. establishment at Padua is in efficient 2. The missions to colonies mainly operation. The press is largely em. British in their population occupy tho

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