Page images


the familiar thoughts and wise Their friendship gain, their repa. sayings of a people who are known: tation share, in this country principally through

Their sacred paths frequent, and! Missionary Reports or volumes of

with them dwell. travels,-with whose minds

“The very sight of wicked men is ill, have but little chance of holding

Their graceless words the ear with communion. Viewed in this light,

evil fill, liis book possesses considerable The.lips with risk their attributes interest, whatever opinion the rea

portray; der may form of the Tamil poems And 'tis the height of self-inflicted which it contains. Of these it may

wrong fairly be said that the traditions To mingle with their sin-infectious connected with them are childislı,

throng, and the thoughts embodied in the

Attend their cursed steps, and

with them stay." verses often very mediocre ; the in. fluence of heathenism is constantly Yet this same poem, or the portion of perceptible, and the translator it given by Mr. Robinson, on a later intimates that large omissions page dwells upon the advantages have been necessary, on account of of riches, and gives the advice, the impurity of the original. So

“ Then, toil for wealth, and prize much for the dark side of the

what you acquire." picture. On the other hand, there are to be found force and elegance its teachings which treat of lower

But we will look at some of of expression, a homely common sense, a keen and occasionally genial matters than the great moral dissense, a keen and occasionally genial tinctions dealt with in the two verses humour, and in some passages a clear, vigorous, preceptive morality,

already quoted. These stanzas which may even recall to the

are truly admirable : reader's mind the “Church Porch" "The dwelling with a frugal mistress of the good George Herbert.

bless'd, The following verses are from Mr. Though all things lacking, is of all Robinson's translation of Ouvvay's

possess'd, Muthuray, and are a very favour- For peace, content, and cleanli. able specimen of the poems to

ness are there ; which this volume will introduce

The house not suited with a thrifty

wife, its readers. In his opinion, “there

Or cursed with one intent on angry is not a purer composition among

strife, all the standards of India" than

Though plenty reign, is like the that from which we have selected

tiger's lair. a few verses. We cannot but think that they will occasion surprise by

'' The learned to the erudite repair, their elevated tone :

As seeks the swan the placid water, On the question of using such are not pure and true enough for writings in mission-schools, Mr. Christian teaching, Difficult as Robinson has the following re- many, particularly young people, marks :-"Have not the mission. find it to understand some of her aries taken needless, and inconsist. sentences, and to appreciate their ent trouble in editing and printing literary excellence, yet the paganbooks of this order for the purposes ism dwelling in her writings reveals of education ? A time may come itself readily to babes." when such volumes may be handled Those who hold the opinion that by them in their seminaries with “The proper study of mankind is. impunity; but at present, impor- mån," tant as it is to recognize and honour will welcome the present volume as truth in whatever associations one which will aid them to form a found, and desirable as it seems to juster estimate of many millions conciliate the people by paying all of their fellow-creatures. possible respect to their treasured literature, the propriety of using The Subject of Missions conthe productions of native authors sidered under three New Aspects. as-class-books in missionary insti. From the German of Plath. T. tations, steeped with heathenism as and T. Clark.The First Part of the best of them are, is seriously this volume, in which the author. questionable. Let the Church pleads for closer union between place such books, if they must be Missions and Churches, bears rather in possession, where the Govern. on Germany, where it is more ment of Continental India-not common for missionary societies that of Ceylon-deposits the Holy to exist in independence of any parBible, only on the shelves of school. ticular Church than in England, libraries. Haste without speed where the opposite state of things is not so good as slowness with prevails. For the proposal too in safety and ultimate success. the Second Part, the establishment Ouvvay's works themselves, some of University Professorships to give of them the most excellent of Tamil systematic instruction on the ob. writings, repeated by the lips of all jects and conduct of missions, whatthe rising generation in the north ever may be the case in Germany, of Ceylon and the south of Hindus. England is scarcely ripe. Would tan, suffice to show the necessity that it were ! of Christian school-books and other The Third Part is an excellent useful publications in the native discussion of the relations of mislanguages. The thought is mourn. sions to modern commerce. Both ful that, even in mission seminaries, the good and evil side of commerce for more than half a century, along are passed in review; on one hand with her lessons of profound feverish unrest, enormous wealth wisdom, she has been left to teach balanced by abject pauperism, mate. the children to believe, like their rialism; on the other the increase fathers, in a blind fate, in a succes. of knowledge, goodwill, and charity; sion of dependent births, in the the preponderance being rightly servile subordination of her sex, ascribed to the good. There is and in idolatry. Granted that her much that is suggestive put in a sayings are wonderfully correct and fresh, vigorous form. The writer moral for a heathen writer, they quotes the following on the relative

where “ Happy the eyes that on the pious The lotus breathes its genial rest,

fragrance round; The ears that hear their useful But like the crow, by carrion. words are bless'd,

instinct led, And bless'd the lips that all their That scents the grave and lives virtues tell;

upon the dead, More happy they, their character The ignorant are with the foolish


who wear,


[ocr errors]

colonizing capacity of European holiness.” Another quotation is also nations: “The French are good worth repetition. It is a traveller, soldiers, but bad colonizers; the Ger Von Schubert's, musing before the mans unequalled as colonists, but Mosque of St. Sophia, Constantinoonly very moderately good colo- ple : “ To-day for the first time that nizers; the English colonizers to be feeling of sadness came over me sure, but nearly useless as colonists; which I afterwards often experithe Dutch, good colonizers, and enced,—the feeling of the old colonists, and merchants."

Northman when he beheld his son An interesting quotation is given at Algiers wearing the garments and from a native Chinese work which living the life of the Turkish rene. inter alia sketches the outlines of gades. Thou old sanctuary of the Christianity thus: “ The Lord came Christian faith, the Christian dare down once from the heavens, in not tread thy halls : only when order to save men from sin, and to passing by dare le glance into thy open the way to heaven to all the

courts ! How long must the minstrel children of earth. According to wait outside thy prison-walls, till the sayings of the prophets, it is thou within, like Cæur de Lion, clear that the Lord really took upon shalt strike up the well-known Him a human nature in the Jewish hymns of praise and thanksgiving? town of Bethlehem, and was called The minstrel—thy Saviour-tarries ‘Jesus,'which means 'Redeemer and long. And thou, old belfry, thou Lord.' He lived three and thirty art but small beside the minarets years in the world, taught the people, and their golden crescents; but and gave them innumerable proofs when thy voice returns to thee, it of His omnipotence and goodness in will sound far over sea and land miracles which He accomplished by like the call of the muezzin." His superhuman power, reason, and


TABLISHMENT AND DISENDOWMENT toric importance. The following OF THE CHURCHES OF ENGLAND are the heads of the chief arguAND SCOTLAND.

ments respectively employed, alFor the third time one of the mem- most in the words of the two bers for Bradford has obtained from leading speakers in the debate. the House of Commons a vote on the On the motion for going into great subject which he deems it his Committee of Supply, May 16th, peculium to keep prominent before Mr. Miall moved, technically as an the public mind. The result has amendment, “That the establishcreated no little stir, having been a ment by law of the Churches of surprise both to the supporters and England and Scotland involves a the opponents of Mr. Miall's pro. violation of religious equality, deposals. It is not unlikely, indeed, prives those Churches of the right that this year's vote on the ques- of self-government, imposes on tion which he annually raises will Parliament duties which it is not prove a new point of departure, qualified to discharge, and is hurtful for attack and defence alike, in to the religious and politicalinterests reference to the Establishment; of the community, and therefore ought no longer to be maintained." vocation, papers read before Church In advocating this Resolution, the congresses, diocesan and general, mover, after urging reasons why its visitation charges, and pamphlets abstract form should not be con- innumerable, all reiterated the sidered a barrier to an assent to it by complaint that the Church was the House of Commons, dwelt at con- hampered and shackled by the siderable length on each of the four State in the prosecution of her propositions comprised in it. As to spiritual mission. She could not the first, he contended that “the organize her machinery, revise her Church of England was represented formularies, shorten her services, by a number of dignitaries in the adopt a new Lectionary, or prevent other House ; its creeds were the sale of the cure of souls withstamped with the authority of the out having recourse to a secular nation; and in almost every parish Legislature in which all creeds was one of its ministers, main- were represented.” On the third tained out of the public resources. part of the proposed Resolution, These ecclesiastical establislıments, the honourable member asked, from their conception and mode of having mentioned the Athanasian working, trampled upon the senti- Creed and the memorial respectment of religious equality—a senti- ing it recently subscribed in re. ment but recently fully developed, sponse to the invitation of Lord but which always existed as an Shaftesbury, “Was that House aspiration of conscience even when qualified to legislate on any such prevented by an unripe condition subject ?...... The subordination of of society from asserting itself...... the Established Church reduced The principle of religious equality, her to a position of total helpless. though possibly the last of human ness in regard to the management birthrights, was not on that account of her own affairs, and placed her the least valuable.” The grievance in the position of a branch of the occasioned by violation of this Civil Service...... Within its proper equality," he held, was not a sphere there was, perhaps, no insti. sentimental one, it “deteriorated" tution which had secured a larger both the griever and the grieved: amount of good government than “what wrongs of a grosser kind the British Legislature.

But no ever evoked more passionate re. one could at the same time con. sentment?" In maintaining the template with pride its action in second proposition, which declared the department of ecclesiastical that injury is inflicted on the legislation.” On the fourth of the Church of England as a religious averments which he sought to organization by its connection with verify, Mr. Miall “ did not mean the State, Mr. Miall asked, "Were to deny that the Church itself, as a there not large numbers of her religious institution, had done much own devoted adherents, High good;" but, owing to its associaChurch, Low Church, and Broad tion with the State, it had “ shown Church, who deemed it impossible itself to be uniformly hostile to for her to do the work she was great measures intended for the qualified to do, so long as she was general good of the community.” tongue-tied, and bound by legal In support of this grave charge, restraints ?...... Motions in that and reference was made to the resistthe other House of Parliament, ance of the Establishment in the speeches in both Houses of Con. cases of the abolition of the Test

and Corporation Acts, Catholic Emancipation, the Repeal of the Corn Laws, and the admission of Jews into Parliament: "could it have prevailed over the sounder judgment of the public at large, indeed, it would have very seriously interfered with the progress of civilization and the material prosperity of the country."


To these and similar arguments advanced by Mr. Miall, for the disestablishment of the Church of England, the Premier himself was unexpectedly the first to reply. He rose to do so at once, because "he did not desire that there should be even the slightest appearance of delay or hesitation on the part of the Government in declaring the course they meant to take." The several propositions of the Resolution under discussion were then considered one by one,-propositions, it was observed, "of enor mous sweep and volume;" which "have been, and may be again, the subject of lengthy and comprehensive speeches; which "may occupy for months and years, at some period or other," the attention of Parliament; but "with which," said the speaker, "I do not think we are qualified, at this moment, any more than we are disposed, to deal in a manner which their importance and difficulty would demand." He admitted that there were many difficulties in the conduct of the government of the Establishment, and in the prosecution of its proper work as it now stood. Such difficulties, however, were not of a kind to vanish by a mere dissociation from the State: the disturbances and distractions of the Church were to be viewed with deep regret, but it should be remembered that differences were not confined to the Church of England; and that the conditions which affect that Church were not

of a nature to be got rid of by the method propounded. If it be admitted, as it may well be, that most of the Nonconforming bodies appear to exercise the principles and power of self-government with very considerable success, yet it will not do to draw from such an admission the inference that the same state of things would prevail were "a great historical and national Church, like the Church of England, to be placed in the position of a private religious community." "If the House of Commons were to adopt the motion, what would be the sentiment of the country on the morrow? What would be the condition of the Parliament which had affirmed the proposal?" The constituencies, it was believed by the Premier, would return fewer members inclined to entertain the question of the dis-establishment of the English Church than are to be found in the present Parliament. "If it be more than the truth that seventy-eight per cent. of the popu lation are members of the Estab lished Church, it is probably far less than the truth to say that one-half is the true proportion." People had been misled, by external resem blances between the Churches of Ireland and England, in supposing that in the dis-establishment of the one there was something likely, at any rate, to induce attack on the other: "the apparent similarity of the cases could not long conceal their essential differences." The condition of the Establishment, moreover, is not one of "helpless hopelessness:" to its influence is due the fact, says Dr. Döllinger, in his Lectures on the Re-union of the Churches, "that the cold, dull indifferentism, which on the Continent has spread like a mildew over all degrees of society, has no place in the British Isles." The Church of England has in fact played a

« PreviousContinue »