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THE

BEAUTIES OF JOHNSON:

CONSISTING OF

MAXIMS AND OBSERVATIONS,

MORAL, CRITICAL, AND MISCELLANEOUS,

Accurately extracted from the Works of

DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON,

And arranged in Alphabetical Order, after the manner of
the Duke de la ROCHE-FOUCAULT'S Maxims.

"We frequently fall into error and folly, not because the true principles
"of action are not known, but because for a time they are not re-
"membered: he may therefore be justly numbered among the bene-
"factors of mankind, who cONTRACTS THE GREAT RULES OF

LIFE INTO SHORT SENTENCES, that may be eafily impreTed
"on the memory, and taught by frequent recollection to recur habi-
"tually to the mind.”

RAMBLER.

FOURTH EDITION,

Enlarged and corrected, and the References added.

L O N D ON:

Printed for G. KEARSLY, at No. 46, in Fleet-street.

M.DCC.LXXXII;

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PREFACE

TO THE

FIRST EDITION.

THE works of Dr. Johnfon have been, occafionally, so much the object of my reading, for their fancy, judgement, and above all, the interesting and moral obfervations which they contain upon life and manners, that in order to impress those observations the better on my mind, I availed myself of some leisure months last fummer, to select them under proper heads, and arrange them in alphabetical order. As I proceeded in this work, I found myself bringing out, into one view, a body of maxims and obfervations, which I imagined would be more than ufeful to myself; hence I thought it a duty incumbent on me to publish them. I reflected that if the maxims of the Duke

de la Rochefoucault have been confidered by the whole clafs of French writers, as inftrumental in forming the taste of the age the author lived in; maxims, which however modified, contain but this fingle pofition, "That felf-love is the spring of all

our actions," what must the maxims and obfervations of a JOHNSON produce? An author, who, though unfupported by the patronage of the great, and who has been obliged to spend much of his life in making provifion for the day that was paffing over him, yet has ever fcorned to accommodate himself to the licentioufnefs and levity of the prefent age, but uniting the greatest learning with the greatest talents, has uniformly fupported the caufe of morality, by giving an ardour to virtue, and a confidence to truth.'

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Such is the origin of the prefent publication, a publication, that as I feel it has benefited myself in the compiling, fo I trust

* Vide the Preface to Johnson's Dictionary, folio ition, last page.

I trust it will others in the perusal and happy fhall I be, if, by any œconomy of mine in the works of fuch a writer, I can contribute to make them more generally known, or remembered, as by it I am fure I fhall perform an effential service to mankind..

It may be objected, that as most people are in the poffeffion of Dr. Johnfon's works, a felection from them may not be altogether fo neceffary. But fuch are to be informed, that very few are in the poffeffion of the whole of his works; many of them being published in the early parts of his fame, and at fuch diftant periods of time, as render them now very difficult to be found; and it was owing to the indulgence of a literary friend, who is too critical a col lector to omit adding to his library any production of this, writer, that I was favoured with a perufal of all his pieces; fo that the generality of the public are here presented with fome novelty in the matter as well as in the manner. In refpe

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