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And if that wrong on eyther side there were, Ill might it prosper, that ill gotten was,
were; Where taking Conge, each one by and by He chaffred Chayres in which Churchmen were Departed to his home in dreadfull awe, 1109 set, Full of the feared sight, which late they sawe. And breach of lawes to priuie ferme did let; The Ape thus seized of the Regall throne, No statute so established might bee, 1161 Eftsones by counsell of the Foxe alone, Nor ordinaunce so needfull, but that hee Gan to prouide for all things in assurance, Would violate, though not with violence, That so his rule might lenger haue endurance. Yet vnder colour of the confidence First to his Gate he pointed a strong gard, The which the Ape repos'd in him alone, That none might enter but with issue hard:. And reckned him the kingdomes corner stone. Then for the safegard of his personage,
And euer when he ought would bring to pas, He did appoint a warlike equipage 1118 His long experience the platforme was: Of forreine beasts, not in the forest bred, And when he ought not pleasing would put by, But part by land, and part by water fed; The cloke was care of thrift, and husbandry, For tyrannie is with strange ayde supported. For to encrease the common treasures store; Then vnto him all monstrous beasts resorted But his owne treasure he encreased more Bred of two kindes, as Griffons, Minotaures, And lifted vp his loftie towres thereby, Crocodiles, Dragons, Beauers, and Centaures : That they began to threat the neighbour sky; With those himselfe he strengthned mightelie, The whiles the Princes pallaces fell fast That feare he neede no force of enemie. To ruine: (for what thing can euer last ?) Then gan he rule and tyrannize at will, And whilest the other Peeres for pouertie Like as the Foxe did guide his graceles skill, Were forst their auncient houses to let lie, And all wylde beasts made vassals of his And their olde Castles to the ground to fall, pleasures,
Which their forefathers famous ouer all 1180 And with their spoyles enlarg’d his priuate Had founded for the Kingdomes ornament, treasures.
1130 And for their memories long moniment. No care of iustice, nor no rule of reason, But he no count made of Nobilitie, No temperance, nor no regard of season Nor the wilde beasts whom armes did glorifie, Did thenceforth euer enter in his minde, The Realmes chiefe strength and girlond of the But crueltie, the signe of currish kinde,
crowne, And sdeignfull pride, and wilfull arrogaunce; Allthese through fained crimeshethrustadowne, Such followes those whom fortune doth ad-Or made them dwell in darknes of disgrace:
For none, but whom he list might come in place. But the false Foxe most kindly plaid his part: Of men of armes he had but small regard, For whatsoeuer mother wit, or arte
But kept them-lowe, and streigned verie hard. Could worke, he put in proofe: no practise slie, For men of learning little he esteemed; 1191 No counterpoint of cunning policie, 1140 His wisedome he aboue their learning deemed. No reach, no breach, that might him profit As for the rascall Commons least he cared ; bring,
For not so common was his bountie shared ; But he the same did to his purpose wring. Let God (said he) if please, care for the manie, Nought suffered he the Ape to giue or graunt, I for my selfe must care before els anie : But through his hand must passe the Fiaunt. So did he good to none, to manie ill, All offices, all leases by him lept,
So did he all the kingdome rob and pill, And of them all whatso he likte, he kept. Yet none durst speake, ne none durst of him Iustice he solde iniustice for to buy,
plaine; And for to purchase for his progeny.
So great he was in grace,and rich through gaine.
Ne would he anie let to haue accesse 1201 | Into his seate, and those same treachours vile.
And that faire face, and that Ambrosiall hew, He is with greater matter busied, 1215 Which wonts to decke the Gods immortall crew, Thana Lambe,or the Lambes owne mothers hed. And beautefie the shinie firmament, 1269 Ne certes may I take it well in part,
He doft, vnfit for that rude rabblement. That ye my cousin Wolfe so fowly thwart, So standing by the gates in strange disguize, And seeke with slaunder his good name to blot : He gan enquire of some in secret wize, For there was cause, els doo it he would not. Both of the King, and of his gouernment, Therefore surcease good Dame,and hence depart. And of the Foxe, and his false blandishment : So went the Sheepe away with heauie hart. And euermore he heard each one complaine So manie moe, so euerie one was vsed,
Of foule abuses both in realme and raine. That to giue largely to the boxe refused. Which yet to proue more true, he meant to see, Now when high loue, in whose almightie hand And an ey-witnes of each thing to bee. The care of Kings, and power of Empires stand, Tho on his head his dreadfull hat he dight, Sitting one day within his turret hye, Which maketh him inuisible in sight, 1280 From whence he vewes with his blacklidded eye, And mocketh th’eyes of all the lookers on, Whatso the heauen in his wide vawte containes, Making them thinke it but a vision. And all that in the deepest earth remaines, Through power of that, he runnes through The troubled kingdome of wilde beasts behelde, enemies swerds ; Whom not their kindly Souereigne did welde, Through power of that, he passeth through the But an vsurping Ape with guile suborn'd, herds Had all subuerst, he sdeignfully it scorn'd Of rauenous wilde beasts, and doth beguile In his great heart, and hardly did refraine, Their greedie mouthes of the expected spoyle ; But that with thunder bolts he had him slaine, Through power of that, his cunning theeueries And driuen downe to hell, his dewest meed: He wonts to worke, that none the same espies; But him auizing, he that dreadfull deed And through the power of that, he putteth on Forbore, and rather chose with scornfull shame What shape he list in apparition. 1290 Him to auenge, and blot his brutish name That on his head he wore, and in his hand Vnto the world, that neuer after anie 1241 He tooke Caduceus his snakie wand, Should of his race be voyd of infamie : With which the damned ghosts he gouerneth, And his false counsellor, the cause of all, And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth. To damne to death, or dole perpetuall,
With that he causeth sleep to seize the eyes, From whence he never should be quit, norstal'd. And feare the harts of all his enemyes ; Forthwith he Mercurie vnto him cald, And when him list, an vniuersall night And bad him flie with neuer resting speed Throughout the world he makes on euerie Vnto the forrest, where wilde beasts doo breed, wight;
1298 And there enquiring priuily, to learne, 1249 As when his Syre with Alcumena lay. What did of late chaunce to the Lyon stearne, Thus dight, into the Court he tooke his way, That he rul'd not the Empire, as he ought ; Both through thegard, which neuerdid descride, And whence were all those plaints vnto him And through the watchmen whohim neuerspide: brought
Thenceforth he past into each secrete part, Of wrongs and spoyles, by saluage beasts com- Whereas he saw, that sorely grieu'd his hart, mitted ;
Each place abounding with fowle iniuries, Which done, he bad the Lyon be remitted And fild with treasure rackt with robberies :
Each place defilde with blood of guiltles beasts, Thereof did tremble, and the beasts therein Which had been slaine, to serue the Apes Fled fast away from that so dreadfull din. beheasts;
At last he came vnto his mansion, Gluttonie, malice, pride, and couetize, Where all the gates he found fast lockt anon, And lawlesnes raigning with riotize; 1310 And manie warders round about them stood: Besides the infinite extortions,
With that he roar'd alowd, as he were wood, Done through the Foxes great oppressions, That all the Pallace quaked at the stound, That the complaints thereof could not be tolde. As if it quite were riuen from the ground, Which when he did with lothfull eyes beholde, And all within were dead and hartles left; He would no more endure, but came his way, And th’Ape himselfe, as one whose wits were And cast to seeke the Lion, where he may, reft, That he might worke the auengement for this Fled here and there, and euerie corner sought, shame,
To hide himselfe from his owne feared thought. On those two caytiues, which had bred him But the false Foxe when he the Lion heard, blame.
Fled closely forth, streightway of death afeard, And seeking all the forrest busily, 1319 And to the Lion came, full lowly creeping, 1361 At last he found, where sleeping he did ly: With fained face, and watrie eyne halfe weeping, The wicked weed, which there the Foxe did lay, T'excuse his former treason and abusion, From vnderneath his head he tooke away, And turning all vnto the Apes confusion : And then him waking, forced vp to rize. Nath'les the royall Beast forbore beleeuing, The Lion looking vp gan him auize,
But bad him stay at ease till further preeuing. As one late in a traunce, what had of long Then when he saw no entrance to him graunted, Become of him: for fantasie is strong. Roaring yet lowder that all harts it daunted, Arise (said Mercurie) thou sluggish beast, Vpon those gates with force he fiercely flewe, That here liest senseles, like the corpse deceast, And rending them in pieces, felly slewe 1370 The whilste thy kingdome from thy head is rent, Those warders strange, and all that els he met. And thy throne royall with dishonour blent: But th’Ape still flying, he no where might get : Arise, and doo thy selfe redeeme from shame, From rowme to rowme, from beame to beame And be aueng'd on those that breed thy blame. he fled Thereat enraged, soone he gan vpstart, All breathles, and for feare now almost ded : Grinding his teeth, and grating his great hart, Yet him at last the Lyon spide, and caught, And rouzing vp himselfe, for his rough hide And forth with shame vnto his judgement He gan to reach ; but no where it espide. brought. Therewith he gan full terribly to rore,
Then all the beasts he causd'assembled bee, And chafte at that indignitie right sore. To heare their doome, and sad ensample see: But when his Crowne and scepter both he The Foxe, first Author of that treacherie, wanted,
He did vncase, and then away let flie. 1380 Lord how he fum'd, and sweld, and rag'd, and But th’Apes long taile (which then he had) he panted ;
1340 quight And threatned death, and thousand deadly Cut off, and both eares pared of their hight; dolours
Since which, all Apes but halfe their eares haue To them that had purloyn'd his Princely left, honours.
And of their tailes are ytterlie bereft. With that in hast, disroabed as he was,
So Mother Hubberd her discourse did end : He toward his owne Pallace forth did pas; Which pardon me, if I amisse haue pend; And all the way he roared as he went, For weake was my remembrance it to hold, That all the forrest with astonishment
nd bad her tongue that it so bluntly tolde.
Ruines of Rome : by Bellay.
E heauenly spirites, whose ashie cinders lie She, whose high top aboue the starres did sore,
Vnder deep ruines, with huge walls opprest, One foote on Thetis, th’other on the Morning, But not your praise, the which shall neuer die One hand on Scythia, th’other on the More, Through your faire verses, ne in ashes rest; Both heauen and earth in roundnesse comIf so be shrilling voyce of wight aliue
Thrice hauing seene vnder the heauens veale
50 And for your antique furie here doo call, Vpon her head he heapt Mount Saturnal,
The whiles that I with sacred horror sing Vpon her bellie th’antique Palatine,
On her left hand the noysome Esquiline,
And Cælian on the right; but both her feete Great Babylon her haughtie walls will praise,
Mount Viminall and Aventine doo meete. And sharped steeples high shot vp in ayre ; Greece will the olde Ephesian buildings blaze ;
Who lists to see, what euer nature, arte, And Nylus nurslings their Pyramides faire ; The same yet vaunting Greece will tell the And heauen could doo, O Rome, thee let him see, storie
In case thy greatnes he can gesse in harte, Of loues great Image in Olympus placed,
By that which but the picture is of thee. 60 Mausolus worke will be the Carians glorie,
Rome is no more: but if the shade of Rome And Crete will boast the Labyrinth, now raced; It's like a corse drawne forth out of the tombe
May of the bodie yeeld a seeming sight,
By Magicke skill out of eternall night :
The corpes of Rome in ashes is entombed, Some greater learned wit will magnifie.
And her great spirite reioyned to the spirite But I will sing aboue all moniments
Of this great masse, is in the same enwombed ; Seuen Romane Hils, the worlds 7. wonder- But her braue writings, which her famous merite
In spight of time, out of the dust doth reare, ments.
Doo make her Idole through the world 3 appeare.
70 Thou stranger, which for Rome in Rome here
Such as the Berecynthian Goddesse bright And nought of Rome in Rome perceiu'st at all, In her swift charret with high turrets crownde, These same olde walls, olde arches, which thou Proud that so manie Gods she brought to light; seest,
31 Such was this Citie in her good daies fownd: Olde Palaces, is that which Rome men call. This Citie, more than that great Phrygian Behold what wreake, what ruine, and what mother wast,
Renowm'd for fruite of famous progenie, And how that she, which with her mightie Whose greatnes by the greatnes of none other, powre
But by her selfe her equall match could see: Tam'd all the world, hath tam’d herselfe at last, Rome onely might to Rome compared bee, The pray of time, which allthings doth deuowre. And onely Rome could make great Rome to Rome now of Rome is th’onely funerall,
80 And onely Rome of Rome hath victorie ; So did the Gods by heauenly doome decree, Ne ought saue Tyber hastning to his fall That other earthlie power should not resemble Remaines of all: O worlds inconstancie. 40 Her that did match the whole earths puisThat which is firme doth fit and fall away, saunce, And that is flitting, doth abide and stay. And did her courage to the heauens aduaunce.
Ye sacred ruines, and ye tragick sights, As that braue sonne of Aeson, which by Which onely doo the name of Rome retaine, charmes Olde moniments, which of so famous sprights Atcheiu'd the golden Fleece in Colchid land, The honour yet in ashes doo maintaine : Out of the earth engendred men of armes Triumphant Arcks, spyres neighbours to the Of Dragons teeth, sowne in the sacred sand; skie,
So this braue Towne, that in her youthlie That you to see doth th’heauen it selfe appall, daies
131 Alas, by little ye to nothing flie,
91 An Hydra was of warriours glorious, The peoples fable, and the spoyle of all: Did fill with her renowmed nourslings praise And though your frames do for a time make The firie sunnes both one and other hous :
But they at last, there being then not liuing Gainst time, yet time in time shall ruinate An Hercules, so ranke seed to represse; Your workes and names, and your last reliques Emongst themselues with cruell furie striuing,
Mow'd downe themselues with slaughter merciMy sad desires, rest therefore moderate :
lesse; For if that time make ende of things so sure, Renewing in themselues that rage vnkinde, It als will end the paine, which I endure. Which whilom did those earthborn brethren
140 Through armes and vassals Rome the world subdu'd,
Mars shaming to haue giuen so great head That one would weene, that one sole Cities To his off-spring, that mortall puissaunce strength
Puft vp with pride of Romane hardie head,
Seem'd aboue heauens powre it selfe to adBoth land and sea in roundnes had suruew'd,
uaunce ; To be the measure of her bredth and length: This peoples vertue yet so fruitfull was
Cooling againe his former kindled heate,
With which he had those Romane spirits fild; Of vertuous nephewes, that posteritie Striuing in power their grandfathers to passe,
Did blowe new fire, and with enflamed breath,
Into the Gothicke colde hot rage instil'd: The lowest earth ioin'd to the heauen hie; To th’end that hauing all parts in their power,
Then gan that Nation, th'earths new Giant Nought from the Romane Empire might be To dart abroad the thunder bolts of warre,
brood, quight, And that though time doth Commonwealths And beating downe these walls with furious deuowre,
151 109 Yet no time should so low embase their hight, Into her mothers bosome, all did marre ; That her head earth'din her foundations deep,
To th'end that none, all were it Ioue his sire
Should boast himselfe of the Romane Empire. Should not her name and endles honour keep.
I 2 Ye cruell starres, and eke ye Gods vnkinde, Like as whilome the children of the earth Heauen enuious, and bitter stepdame Nature, Heapt hils on hils, to scale the starrie skie, Be it by fortune, or by course of kinde And fight against the Gods of heauenly berth, That ye doo weld th'affaires of earthlie creature; Whiles Ioue at them his thunderbolts let flie;
Why haue your hands long sithence traueiled All suddenly with lightning ouerthrowne, To frame this world, that doth endure so long ? The furious squadrons downe to ground did Or why were not these Romane palaces 119 fall,
160 Made of some matter no lesse firme and strong? That th'earth vnder her childrens weight did I say not, as the common voyce doth
grone, That all things which beneath the Moone haue And th’heauens in glorie triumpht ouer all: being
So did that haughtie front which heaped was Are temporall, and subiect to decay :
On these seuen Romane hils, it selfe vpreare But I say rather, though not all agreeing Ouer the world, and lift her loftie face With some, that weene the contrarie in Against the heauen, that gan her force to thought;
feare. That all this whole shall one day come to But now these scorned fields bemone her fall, nought.
And Gods secure feare not her force at all.