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59 I well consider all that ye haue says,
Cease therefore daughter further to aspire, And find that all things stedfastnes doe hate And thee content thus to be rul'd by me: And changed be: yet being rightly wayd For thy decay thou seekst by thy desire ; They are not changed from their first estate ; But time shall come that all shall changed bee, But by their change their being doe dilate : And from thenceforth, none no more change And turning to themselues at length againe, Doe worke their owne perfection so by fate : So was the Titaness put downe and whist, Then ouer them Change doth not rule and And Ioue confirm'd in his imperiall see. raigne ;
Then was that whole assembly quite dismist, But they raigne ouer change, and doe their And Natur's selfe did vanish, whither no man states maintaine.
When I bethinke me on that speech whyleare, Then gin I thinke on that which Nature sayd, Of Mutability, and well it way:
Of that same time when no more Change shall Me seemes, that though she all vnworthy were be, Of the Heav'ns Rule ; yet very sooth to say, But stedfast rest of all things firmely stayd In all things else she beares the greatest sway. Vpon the pillours of Eternity, Which makes me loath this state of life so That is contrayr to Mutabilitie : tickle,
For, all that moueth, doth in Change delight: And loue of things so vaine to cast away; But thence-forth all shall rest eternally Whose flowring pride, so fading and so fickle, With Him that is the God of Sabbaoth hight: Short Time shall soon cut down with his con- O that great Sabbaoth God, graunt me that suming sickle.
To the Right noble, and Valorous, Sir Walter Raleigh knight,
Lo. Wardein of the Stanneryes, and her Maiesties liefe
tenaunt of the County of Cornewayll. Șir knowing how doubtfully all Allegories may cepts, or ser moned at large, as they, vse, then thus be construed, and this booke of mine, which I hauel clowdily enwrapped in Allegoricall deuises. But entituled the Faery Queene, being a continued such, me seeme, should be satisfide with the vse of Allegory, or darke conceit, I haue thought good" these dayes, seeing all things accounted by their aswell for auoyding of gealous opinions and mis-showes, and nothing esteemed of, that is not deconstructions, as also for your better light in lightfull and pleasing to commune sence. For reading therof, (being so by you commanded,) to this cause is Xenophon preferred before Plato, discouer vnto you the general intention and for that the one in the exquisite depth of his meaning, which in the whole course thereof 1 iudgement, formed a Commune welth such as it haue fashioned, without expressing of any par. should be, but the other in the person of Cyrus 'cular purposes or by-accidents therein occa- and the Persians fashioned a gouernement such sioned. The generall end therefore of all the as might best be: So much more profitable and booke is to fashion a gentleman or noble person gratious is doctrine by ensample, then by rule. ir vertuous and gentle discipline: Which for 30 haue I laboured to do in the person Oyun that I conceiued shoulde be most plausible and Arthure: whome I conceiue after his long educa. pleasing; being, coloured with an historicall tion by limon, to whom he was by Merlin defiction, the which the most part of men delight to livered to be brought up, so soone as he was borne read, rather for variety of matter, then for of the Lady Igrayne, to haue seene in a dream or profite of the ensample : I chose the historye of vision thé Faery Queen, with whose excellent king Arthure, as most fitte for the excellency of beauty rauished, he awaking resolued to seeke her his person, being made famous by many mens out, and so being by Merlin armed, and by Timon former workes, and also furthest from the throughly instructed, he went to seeke her forth daunger of enuy, and suspition of present time. in Faerye land. In that Faery Queene I meane In which I haue followed all the antique Poets glory in my generall intention, but in my parti. historicall, first Homere, who in the Persons of cular I conceiue the most excellent and glorious Agamemnon and Vlysses hath ensampled a good person of our soueraine the Queene, and her gouernour and a vertuous man, the one in his kingdome in Faeryland. And yet in some places Ilias, the other in his Odysseis: then Virgil, els, I doe otherwise shadow her. For considering, whose like intention was to doe in the person of she beareth two persons, the one of a most royall Aeneas : after him Ariosto comprised them both Queene or Empresse, the other of a most vertuous in his Orlando: and lately Tasso disseuered them and beautifuil Lady, this latler part in some againe, and formed both parts in two persons, places I doé expresse in Belphæbe, fashioning her namely that part which they in Philosophy call name according to your owne excellent conceipt of Ethice, or vertues of a priuate man, coloured in Cynthia, (Phæbe and Cynthia being both names his Rinaldo: The other named Politice in his of Diana.) So in the person of Prince Arthure Godfredo. By ensample of which excellente Poets, sette forth magnificence in particular, which I labour to pourtraici in Arthure, before he was vertue for that (according to Aristotle and the king, the image of a braue knight, perfected in the rest) it is the
perfection of all the rest, and contwelue priuale morall verlues, as Aristotle hath de- teineth in it them all
, therefore in the whole course uised, ihe which is the purpose of these first twelue I mention the deedes of Arthure applyable to that bookes; which if I finde to be well accepted, I may vertue, which I write of in that booke. But of be perhaps encoraged, to frame the other part of the xii. other vertues, I make xii. other knights pollitické vertues in his person, after that hee the patrones, for the more variety of the history: came to be king. To some I know this Methode of which these three bookes contayn three, The will seeme displeasaunt, which had rather haue first of the knight of the Redcrosse, in whome I good discipline deliuered plainly in way of pre. l'expresse Holynes : The seconde of Sir Guyon, in
whome I sette forth Temperaunce; The third of the could not succeed in that enterprise, which Britomartis a Lady knight, in whome I picture being forthwith put vpon him with dewe furniChastity. But because the beginning of the whole tures thereunto, he seemed the goodliest, man in worke seemeth abrupte and as depending upon al that company, and was well liked of the Lady. other antecedents, it needs that ye know the occa- And eftesoones taking on him knighthood, and sion of these three knights seuerall aduentures. mounting on that straunge Courser, he went For the Methode of a Poet historical is not such, forth with her on that aduenture: where begin. as of an Historiographer. For an Historio. neth the first booke, vz. grapher discourseth of affayres orderly as they
A gentle knight was pricking on the play ne. &c. were donne, accounting as well the times as the actions, but a Poet thrusteth into the The second day ther came in a Palmer bearing middest, euen where it most concerneth him, an Infant with bloody hands, whose Parents he and there recoursing to the thinges forepaste, complained to haue bene slayn by an Enchaun. and diuining of thinges to come, maketh a pleas- teresse called Acrasia : and therfore craued of ing Analysis of all. The beginning therefore of the Faery Queene, to appoint him some knight, my history, if it were to be told by an Historio to performë thataduenture, which being assig ned grapher, should be the twelfth booke, which is the to Sir Guyon, he presently went forth" with that last, where I deuise that the Faery Queene kept same Palmer: which is the beginning of the her Annuall feaste xii. dayes, vppon which xii. second booke and the whole subiect thereof. The seuerall dayes, the occasions of the xii. seuerall third day there came in, a Groome who comaduentures hapned, which beinz vndertaken by || plained before the Faery Queene, that a vile Enxii. seuerall knights, are in these xii books seuer- chaunter called Busirane had in hand a most ally handled and discoursed. The first was this. Vaire Lady called Amoretta, whom he kept in most In the beginning of the feast, there presented him grieuous torment, because she would not yield șelfe a tall clownishe younge man, who falling him the pleasure of her body: Whereupon Sir before the Queen of Faries desired a boone (as the Scudamour the louer of that Lady presently tooke manner then was) which during that feast she on him that aduenture. But being vnable to per might not refuse : which was that hee might haue forme it by reason of the hard Finchauntments, the atchieuement of any aduenture, which during after long, sorrow, in the end met with Britothat feaste should happen, that being graunted, martis, who succoured him, and reskewed his he rested him on the floore, vnfitte through his rusticity for a better place. Soone after entred a But by occasion hereof, many other aduentures faire Ladye in mourning weedes, riding on a are intermedled, but rather as Accidents, then white Asse, with a dwarfe behind her leading intendments. As the loue of Britomart, the quera warlike steed, that bore the Armes of a knight, throw of Marinell, the misery of Florimell, the and his speare in the dwarfes hand. Shee falling vertuousnes of Belphæbe, the lasciuiousnes of before the Queene of Faeries, complayned that her Hellenora, and many the like. father and mother an ancient King and Queene, Thus much Sir, I haue briefly ouerronne to had bene by an huge dragon many years shut up, direct your vnderstanding to the wel-head of the in a brasen Castle, who thence suffred them not History, that from thence gathering the whole to yssew: and therefore besought the Faery intention of the conceit, ye may as in a handfull Queene to assygne her some one of her knights to gripe al the discourse, which otherwise may take on him that exployť. Presently that clownish happily seeme tedious and confused. So humbly person vpstarting, desired that aduenture: crauing the continuaunce of your honorable whereat the Queene much wondering, and the Vauour towards me, and th'eternall establishment Lady much gainesaying, yet he earnestly impor. Þf your happines, Í humbly take leaue. tuned his desire. In the end the Lady told him that unlesse that armour which she brought,
23. Ianuary. 1589. would serue him (that is the armour of a Chris
Yours most humbly affectionate. tian man specified by Saint Paul v. Ephes.) that
S A Vision vpon this conceipt of the
For they this Queene attended, in whose steed
Where Homers spright did tremble all for griefe,
Another of the same. The prayse of meaner wits this worke like profit | Beholdere Perincely mind aright, and write thy
Queene anew. As doth the Cuckoes song delight when Philumena Meane while she shall perceiue, how farre her sings.
vertues sore If thou hast formed right true vertues face Aboue the reach of all that liue, or such as wrote herein :
of yore: Vertue her selfe can best discerne, to whom they And thereby will excuse and fauour thy good will: written bin.
Whose vertue can not bé exprest, but by an If thou hast beautie praysl, let her sole lookes Angels quill. diuine
Of me no lines are lou'd, nor letters are of Iudge if ought therein be amis, and mend it by price, her eine
Of all which speake our English tongue, but If Chastitie want ought, or Temperance her those of thy deuice. dew,
But (iolly Shepheard) though with pleasing style, some sacred fury hath enricht thy braynes, thou feast the humour of the Courtly traine : That leades thy muse in haughtie verse to maske, Let noi conceipt thy setled sence beguile,
and loath the layes that longs to lowly swaynes. ne daunted be through enuy or disdaine. That lifts thy nutes from Shepheardes vnto Subiect thy dome to her Empyring spright, kings,
From whence thy Muse, and all the world takes So like the liuely Larke that mounting sings. light.
Hobynoll. Thy louely Rosolinde seemes now forlorne,
and all thy gentle flockes forgolten quight, Thychaunged hart now holdes thy pypes in scorne, FAyre.Thamis streaine, that from Ludds stately those prety pypes that did thy mates delight.
towne, Those trustie mates, that loued thee so well, Runst paying tribute to the Ocean seas, Whom thou gau'st mirth : as they gaue thee the
Let all thy Nymphes and Syrens of renowne bell.
Be silent, whýle this Bryttane Orpheus playes :
Nere thy sweet bankes, there liues that sacred Yet as thou earst with thy sweele roundelayes,
didst stirre to glee our laddes in homely bowers: Whose hand strowes Palme and neuer-dying bayes, So moughtst thou now in these refynedlayes, Let all at once, with thy soft murmuring sowne delight the dainty eares of higher powers.
Present her with this worthy, Poets prayes. And so mought they in their deepe skanning For he hath taught hye 'drifts in shepeherdes skill
weedes, Alow and grace our Collyns flowing quill. And deepe conceites now singes in Faeries deedes.
R. S. And fare befall that Faerie Queene of thine,
in whose faire eyes loue linckt with vertue sits: Enfusing by those bewties fiers deuyne, Graue Muses march in triumph and with such high conceites into thy humble wits,
prayses, As raised hath poore pastors oaten reede,
Our Goddesse here hath giuen you leaue to land: From rusticke tunes, to chaunt heroique deedes.
And biddes this rare dispenser of your graces
Bow downe his brow vnto her sacred hand. So mought thy Redcrosse knight with happy hand Desertes findes dew in that most princely duome,
victorious be in that faire îlands right: In whose sweete brest are all the Muses bredde : Which thou doest vaile in Type of Faery land So did that great Augustus erst in Roome Elyzas blessed field, that Albion hight.
With leaues of fame adorne his Poets hedde. That shieldes her friends, and warres her Faire be the guerdon of your Faery Queene, mightie foes,
Euen of the fairest that the world hath seene. Yet still with people, peace, and plentie flowes.
Hen stout of Helens
The which a workman setteth out to view, Thinking by sleight the fatall
warres to scape, And not to yield it the deserued prise, In womans weedes him selfe he then disguisde: That vnto such a workmanship is dew, But this deuise Vlysses soone did spy,
Doth either proue the iudgement to be naught And brought him forth, the chaunce of warre to try. Or els doth shew a mind with enuy fraught. When Spencer saw the fame was spredd so large, To labour to commend a peece of worke, Through Faery, land of their renowned Queene: Which no man goes about to discommend, Loth that his Muse should take so great a charge, Would raise a iealous doubt that there did lurke, As in such haughty matter to be seene.
Some secret doubt, whereto the prayse did tend. To seeme a shepeheard then he made his choice, For when men know the goodnes of the wyne, But Sydney heard him sing, and knew his voice. T"is needlesse for the hoast to haue å sygne. And as Vlysses brought faire Thetis sonne Thus then to shew my iudgement to be such From his retyred life to menage armes:
As can discerne of colours blacke, and white, So Spencer was by Sidneys speaches wonne, As alls to free my minde from enuies tuch, To blaze her fame not fearing future harmes : That neuer giues to any man his right, For well he knew, his Muse would soone be tyred I here pronounce this workmanship is such, In her high praise, that all the world admired. As that no pen can set it forth too much. Yet as Achilles in those warlike frayes,
And thus I hang a garland at the dore, Did win the palme from all the Grecian Peeies : Not for to shew the goodnes of the ware: So Spencer now to his immortall prayse,
But such hath beene the custome heretofore, Hath wonne the Laurell quite from all his feres. And customes very hardly broken are. What though his taske exceed a humaine witt, And when your
tast shall tell you this is trew, He is excus'd, sith Sidney thought it fitt.
Then looke you giue your hoast his vtmost dew. W. L.
[DEDICATORY SONNETS.] ]
Lord high Chauncelor of England. &c.
Hose prudent heads, that with theire counsels
wise Whylom the Pillours of th'earth did sustaine,
And taught ambitious Rome to tyrannise,
And in the neck of all the world to rayne,
With the sweet Lady Muses for to play:
So Maro oft did Cæsars cares allay.
The rugged brow of carefull Policy:
To the right honourable the Lo. Burleigh Lo. high
Threasurer of England.
Tomenage of most graue affaires is bent, Yet if their deeper sence be inly wayd,
Their fairer parts are hid, aside be layd. The burdein of this kingdomes gouernement, Perhaps not vaine they may appeare to you. As the wide compasse of the firmament,
Such as they be, vouchsafe them to receaue, On Atlas mighty shoulders is vpstayd;
And wipe their faults out of your censure graue. Vnfitly I these ydle rimes present,
To the right Honourable the Earle of Oxenford,
Lord high Chamberlayne of England. &c. Eceiue most Noble Lord in gentle gree,
And eke thine owne long living memory, :
Succeeding them in true nobility: Which by thy countenaunce doth craue to bee And also for the loue, which thou doest beare Defended from foule Enuies poisnous bit.
To th'Heliconian ymps, and they to thee, Which so to doe may thee right well besit,
They vnto thee, and thou to them most deare: Sith th'antique glory of thine auncestry
Deare as thou art vnto thy selfe; so loue Vnder a shady vele is therein writ,
That loues and honours thee, as doth behoue.