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CONTENT S.

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MEMOIR OF GOLDSMITH.

THE VICAP OF WAKEFIELD.

Chap.

I The Description of the Family of Wake-

field, in which a kindred Likeness pre-

vails, as well of Minds as of Persons

II. Family Misfortunes. The Loss of For-

tune only serves to increase the Pride of

the Worthy

p. 3

II. A Migration. The fortunate Circum-

stances of our Lives are generally found

at last to be of our own procuring P. 4

IV. A Proof that even the humblest Fortune

may grant Happiness, which depends,

not on Circumstances, but Constitu-

tion

p. 8

v. A new and great Acquaintance intro-

duced. What we place most Hopes

upon, generally proves most fatal .

P. 9

vi. The Happiness of a Country Fire-

side

P. II

VII. A Town Wit described. The dullest

Fellows may learn to be comical for a

Night or Two

p. 12

VII. An Amour, which promises little good

Fortune, yet may be productive of

much

P. 14

ix. Two Ladies of great Distinction intro-

duced. Superior Finery ever seems to

confer superior Breeding

P. 17

x. The Family endeavour to cope with their

Betters. The Miseries of the Poor, when

they attempt to appear above their Cir-

cumstances

xi. The Family still resolve to hold

Heads.

p. 20

XII. Fortune seems resolved to humble the

Family of Wakefield. Mortifications are

often more painful than real Calami.

ties

p. 23

xii. Mr. Burchell is found to be an Enemy,

for he has the confidence to give disagree-

able Advice

· P. 25

xiv. Fresh Mortifications, or a Demonstration

that seeming Calamities may be real

Blessings.

xv. All Mr. Burchell's Villany at once detected.

The Folly of being overwise

p. 29

XVI. The Fainily use Art, which is opposed

p. 31

XVII. Scarcely any Virtue found to resist the

Power of long and pleasing Tempta-

tion

p. 34

xvu. The Pursuit of a Father to reclaim a

Lost Child to Virtue

p. 37

xix. The Description of a Person discontented

with the present Government, and appre-

hensive of the loss of our Liberties p. 39

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P. 26

; Mer-

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Lotter

Letter

VII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, LVI. From Fum Hoam to Altangi, the Dis-,

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

contented Wanderer

· P 177

demy in China

LVII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

VIII. To the same

P. 97

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

ix. To the same

p. 98

demy at Pekin in China

· P 178

x. To the same

P. 99

LVII. To the same

P. 180

XI. To the same

p. 100

Lix. From Hingpo to Lien Chi Altangi, by

XI. To the same

p. IOI

the way of Moscow.

P. 182

XUI. To the same

P. 103

LX. From the same

P. 183

XIV. To the same

p. 105

LXI. From Lien Chi Altangito Hingpo p. 185

xv. To the same

P. 107

LXI. To the same

p. 187

XVI. To the same

P. 10

LXII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

XVII. To the same

p. 109

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

XVIII. To the same

demy at Pekin in China

· P. 18g

XIX. To the same

P. 113

LXIV. To the sarne

P. IGI

xx. To the same

p. 115

LXV. To the same

. p. 192

xxi. To the same

LXVI. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by

XXI. From the same

p. 119

the way of Moscow .

P. 193

XX111. To the same

P. 120

LXVI. To the same

P. 15

XXIV. To the same

P. 121

LXVIII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Toant,

xxy. To the same

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

XXVI. To the same

P. 125

demy at Pekin in China

XXVI. To the same

p. 126

LXIX. To the same

XXVIII. To the same

P. 129

LXX. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by

XXIX. To the same

P. 131

the way of Moscow.

P. 200

xxx. To the same

P. 132

LXX1. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

XXXI. To the same

p. 135

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

XXXII. To the same

P. 136

demy at Pekin in China

p. 202

Xxxut. To the same

LXXII. To the same

P. 204

XXXIV. To the same

p. 140 LXXIII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by

XXXV. From Hingpo, a Slave in Persia, to

the way of Moscow.

p. 206

Altangi, a travelling Philosopher of LXXIV. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

China ; by the way of Moscow . p. 142

First President of the Cerernonial Aca-

XXXVI. From the same

p. 143

demy at Pekin in China

p. 207

Xxxvu. From the same

P. 144

LXXV. To the same

p. 209

XXXVII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, LXXVI. From Hingpo to Lien Chi Altangi, by

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

the way of Moscow

p. 211

demy at Pekin, in China

p. 146

LXXVII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

Xxxix. From Lien Chi Altangi to Mer-

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

chant in Amsterdam

· P. 148

demy at Pekin in China

P. 212

XL. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, LXXVIII. To the same

• P213

First President of the Ceremonial Aca LXXIX. To the same

· P. 215

demy at Pekin, in China

p. 150

LXXX. To the same

XLI. To the same

p. 151

LXXX1. To the same

• p. 217

XLII. From Fum Hoam to Lien Chi Altangi, J.XXXII. To the same

P. 219

the Discontented Wanderer ; by the way LXXXIII. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by

of Moscow

P. 153

the way of Moscow

p. 221

xliii. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, LXXXIV. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,
First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

First President of the Ceremonial Aca.

demy at Pekin, in China

p. 154

demy at Pekin in China

P. 222

xliv. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, a Lxxxv. To the same

. p. 224

Slave in Persia

LXXXVI. To the same

xlv. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, LXXXVII

. From Fum Hom to lien Chi Al-

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

tangi.

demy at Pekin, in China p. 158 LXXXV111

. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

XLVI. To the saine

First President of the Ceremonial Aca.
xlvil. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, a

demy at Pekin in China

Slave in Persia

p. 162 LXXXIX. To the same

p. 230

xlvi. From Lien Chi Altangi to Mer-

Xc. To the same

. p. 232

chant in Amsterdam

XCI. To the same

p. 234

XLIX. To the same

p. 165

XCII. To the same

• P. 235

L. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, XCIII. To the same

First President of the Ceremonial Aca xciv. From Hingpo, in Moscow, to Lien Chi

demy at Pekin in China

Altangi, in London

. p. 237

LI. To the same

xcv. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, at

LII. To the same

p. 170

Moscow

P. 238

Lu. From the same

p. 172 XCVI. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

LIY. From the same

P. 174

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

Lv. To the same

p. 175

demy at Pekin in China · P. 239

No.

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Letter

Essay

Altas XCVII. To the same

p. 245

XVIII. Versification.

. p. 339

XCVIII. To the same

. p. 242 XIX. Schools of Music

p. 341

gi toi xcix. To the same

P. 243

xx, Carolan, the Irish Bard

p. 343

Cere

c. From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by XXI. On the Tenants of the Leasowes. p. 344

the way of Moscow

na

p. 245 XXI. Sentimental Comedy .

p. 340

Cl. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, XXIII. Scottish Marriages

P. 347

z Chi.

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

demy at Pekin in China

P. 246

cm. To the same

p. 247

ito IL cm. From Lien Chi Altangi to -, Mer-

THE BEE:

chant in Amsterdam

P. 248

gi to i
civ. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, A SELECT COLLECTION OF ESSAYS ON THE MOST

INTERESTING AND ENTERTAINING SUBJECTS.

Ceres

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

demy at Pekin in China

p. 249

cv. To the same

. p. 250 1. Saturday, October 6, 1759. . . P. 353

CVI. To the same

On a beautiful Youth struck blind

· P. 252

i to I

CVII. To the same

with Lightning Imitated from the

• P. 253

CVIII. To the same

P. 254

Spanish

· P. 355

cix. To the same

Remarks on our Theatres

· P. 256

p. 355

i tot

cx. To the same

p. 258

The Story of Alcander and Septimius.

CXI. To the same

Cereri

· P. 259

Translated from a Byzantine Histo-

CXII. To the same

rian.

· P. 357

CXIII. To the same

A Letter from a Traveller

P. 359

CXIV. To the same

A short Account of the late Mr. Mau-

cxv. To the same

pertuis

P. 360

CXVI. To the same

u. Saturday, October 13, 1759:-*

t Fs

CXVII. To the same

On Dress

L'ereti

P. 269

cxviii. From Fum Hoam to Lien Chi Altangi,

Some Particulars relative to Charles XII.

the Discontented Wanderer, by the way

not commonly known

· P. 363

of Moscow

to

· P. 270

Happiness in a great measure dependent

cxix. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,

on Constitution.

· P. 365

First President of the Ceremonial Aca-

On our Theatres

P. 367

to F

demy at Pekin in China

. p. 272

M. Saturday, October 20, 1759. —

cxx. To the same

XOn the Use of Language

· P. 274

· P. 368

cxxi. To the same

The History of Hypatia

. p. 275

P. 370

CXXII. To the same

· P. 276

- On Justice and Generosity.

Chi A

p. 372

CXXII. To the same

P. 278

Some Particulars relating to Father

Feyjoo

p. 374

to Fe

iv. Saturday, October 27, 1759.

eremo

Miscellaneous

p. 374

ESSAYS.

A Flemish Tradition

P. 376

The Sagacity of some Insects

p. 378

Preface

The Characteristics of Greatness. p. 380

1. Description of various Clubs

p. 284

A City Night Piece

p. 381

11. Specimen of a Magazine in Minia-

Saturday, November 3, 1759.-

ture

Upon Political Frugality

p. 382

o Hip

III. Asem, an Eastern Tale; or a Vindication

A Reverie

p. 387

of the Wisdom of Providence in the Moral

A Word or two on the late Farce called

Fus

Government of the World .

* High Life below Stairs”

P. 390

remca IV. On the English Clergy and popular

Upon Unfortunate Merit

P. 391

Preachers

P. 293

.

V. A Reverie at the Boar's Head Tavern,

vi, Saturday, November 10, 1759.—

p

?

Eastcheap

p. 295

On the Instability of Worldly Gran-

Lien 0

VI. Adventures of a strolling Player . p. 302

deur

p. 397

VII. Rules enjoined to be observed at a Some Account of the Academies of

- Fuma

Russian Assembly

Italy

P. 399

VIII. Biographical Memoir, supposed to be VII. Saturday, November 17, 1959. —

written by the Ordinary of New-

Of Eloquence

p. 400

gate

• P. 307

+

ix. National Concord

Custom and Laws compared P. 404

Of the Pride and Luxury of the Middling

X. Female Warriors

• P. 309

Class of People

X1. National Prejudices

p. 405

· P. 311

Sabinus and Olinda

XII. Taste

p. 406

· P. 313

The Sentiments of a Frenchman on the

XIII. Cultivation of Taste

P. 317

Temper of the English .

p. 407

P. 321 VIII.

- Hingpi

xv. Poetry distinguished from other Writ-

11, Saturday, November 24, 1759.—

ing

An Account of the Augustan Age of

XVI. Metaphor

xvii. Hyperbole

. p. 330

England

P 47

p. 338

Of the Opera in England

P

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“ Oliver” that was to make them famous; and the family was ultimately comp.: by the birth of three sons younger than Oliver, named Maurice, Charles, and! The eldest of this family of eight (a daughter), and this last-named John, de childhood. Effectively, therefore, Oliver grew up as one of a family of six, thra' whom were older, and two younger, than himself.

A native of the rural heart of Ireland, Goldsmith, till his seventeenth year, rece his entire education, whether of scenery and circumstance, or of more fora schooling, within the limits of that little-visited region. Not, however, wit some changes of spot and society within those limits. In 1730, while he way but an infant, his father, after having been about twelve years minister of Pea removed to the better living of Kilkenny West, a parish some miles south of the and situated not in the county of Longford, but in the adjacent county of . h Meath. Thenceforward, accordingly, the head-quarters of the family were nola at Pallas, but at Lissoy, a quaint Irish village within the bounds of the new malo Here, in a pretty and rather commodious parsonage-house, on the verge

of village, and on the road between Athlone and Ballymahon, the good clergyma himself to bring up his children on his paltry clerical income, eked out by he farming of some seventy acres of land. He was himself a mild eccentric oi! Dr. Primrose type, kindly to all about him, and of pious, confused ways. But." immortal oddity of Lissoy, and the incarnation of all that had been peculia:wsome generations in the race of the Goldsmiths, was the parson's young son,

с. In book-learning, for one thing, he was, from the first, a little blockhead. "NA H was so dull a boy” was the report of a kinswoman, who, having lived in the L.* household, had been the first to try to teach him his letters, and who afterw under her married name of Elizabeth Delap, kept a small school at Lissoy, survived to be proud of her pupil, and to talk of him in her extreme old age, flits he was dead. Hardly different seems to have been the report of the Lissoy scth master, Thomas Byme, more familiarly known as “Paddy Byrne,”—a

veteran 4 had returned to his original vocation of teaching after having served in the

by under Marlborough and risen to the rank of quartermaster to a regiment in SE-1 And yet of this “Paddy Byrne” Goldsmith seems to have retained to the an affectionate recollection:

A man severe he was, and stern to view;
I knew him well, and every truant knew.
Well had the boding tremblers learnt to trace
The day's disasters in his morning face :
Full well they laughed with counterfeited glee
At all his jokes, for many a joke had he;

L
Full well the busy whisper, circling round,

hi
Conveyed the dismal tidings when he frowned.
Yet he was kind, or, if severe in aught,
The love he bore to learning was in fault:
The village all declared how much he knew;

fo
'Twas certain he could write, and cypher too;
Lands he could measure, terms and tides presage ;
And even the story ran that he could gauge.

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The

=tained tonsitive to the jokes made at his expense, and liable to fits of the sulks on account

etter than all, he had a stock of tales, not only of his own campaigning adFintures, but also from old Irish ballads, chap-books, and fairy lore, and a knack s versifying, which he was fond of exercising in the form of extempore Irish To-anslations from Virgil. From this “Paddy Byrne,” in short, if from any one, Soldsmith caught his first notions of literary invention and rhyming. But the poor

tle fellow was always unfortunate. Hardly had he become aware of the wealth yei at was in Paddy Byrne, and hardly had Paddy Byrne had time to discern the mark of genius that lay somewhere in his awkward little pupil, when the two večere separated. The boy was not more than nine years of age when an attack ile e confluent small-pox stopped his attendance at Lissoy school ; and, when he ister covered, it was with his naturally plain face disfigured into such a grotesque of outh liness that it was difficult to look at him without laughing. Whether to get court m out of sight for a time, or because better instruction than Paddy Byrne's was were sw thought necessary for him, he was sent away from Lissoy to Elphin, a distance the is about thirty miles. The purpose was that he should attend the school at Elphin e vehich had formerly been taught by his grandfather, the Rev. Oliver Jones, but d cleans now under the care of a Rev. Mr. Griffin. For about two years, accordingly, eked : did attend this school, boarding all the while with his uncle, Mr. John Goldeccerbaith of Ballyoughter, who lived near Elphin. But in 1739, when he was eleven

ways cars old, he was brought back to a school of some reputation nearer home-one een pethich had been set up in Athlone, about five miles from Lissoy, by a Rev. Mr. -oung scampbell

. Two years here, and four years more at the school of a Rev. Patrick khead. ughes at Edgeworthstown, county Longford, some seventeen miles from Lissoy, ived in impleted his school education and brought him to his seventeenth year. 1 who ? The accounts of young Goldsmith during this time when he was tossed about from ol at Lihool to school in his native part of Ireland, generally coming home to Lissoy and eme olds neighbourhood for the holidays, correspond singularly with what he was all the Lis rough life. At every school we hear of him as a shy, thick, awkward boy, the ;"—a vanstant butt of his companions because of his comically ugly face, and thought Served is most of them to be "little better than a fool.”. And yet everywhere there seems

have been a liking for him as an innocent simple-hearted fellow, who, though

regiment)

them, would be all right again on the least beckoning of kindliness, and capital
ompany in the playground at fives or ball with those who had been his tormentors.
f his success in school-work we hear little. We are to suppose him gradually
etting on in Latin and other things in preparation for the University; and
omething is said as to his fondness for Ovid and Horace, his peculiar delight in
ivy, his liking for Tacitus after a while, and his little care for Cicero. There are
ints also to the effect that he excelled in the style of his translations, and that
e had more credit for talent with the masters than among the boys. On the
rhole, Johnson's often-quoted saying about Goldsmith, “He was a plant that
owered late : there was nothing remarkable about him when young,
nly in a very obvious and rough sense. The “flower” of Goldsmith was the

seems true

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