« PreviousContinue »
painters, may grant the loan of these productions which , her funeral at Lichfield, and discharged all claims on have become doubly important from their associations her account. On his return to London in Jan. 1759, and their universally applauded artistic merit; and he relinquished housekeeping, quitted Gough Square, when their return to the respective owners, becomes and endeavoured to locate himself either in Staple or inevitable, their places will it is presumed be supplied Gray's Inn, but in March in that year he became a by photographs from the originals, upon the principles resident in Inner Temple Lane. In these chambers, of the most recent discoveries by prominently distin- Murphy in May 1762 deputed by Alexander Wedder. guished practitioners in that art.
burne, the future Lord Loughborough, to apprise JohnOn the whole it cannot be doubted that much of a son of the proffered annuity from the King, of 3001., beneficial and practical character will arise in the minds for Literary merit; found him within these panelled of many persons on inspecting the Johnsonian Chambers walls, in a home, which he emphatically states was the and their contents. Of Johnson's other early residences abode of wretchedness ;' such indeed is too often the in the metropolis, we know but little, from the circum- character of the dwelling of the potent spirit whose stance that Dr. Johnson's outset in life as a literary thrilling eloquence, the emanation of his jaded brain man, was one hopeless course of incessant and beggarly overcharged almost to madness, directs or excites requited toil, and of bodily as well as mental wretched myriads of his fellow countrymen, either too heedless, ness; hence his joyous resort to the social intercourse or too idle to think for themselves. Johnson momentarily he found at Taverns, for his house presented but few hesitated to receive this pension, but on the following comforts either to himself, or his wife poor dear Tetty.' day at the Mitre Tavern, in Fleet Street, accepted it He wrote his highly-praised poem of London,' in 1738, without reservation, still, his future political conduct in the garret of a house in Exeter Street, behind Exeter marked the tone of its influence on him. Thus, within Change in the Strand, then tenanted by a stay-maker these walls about to be rendered familiar to, and renamed Norris. In the same year he was lodging at cognizable by thousands, Johnson's transition from begNo. 6, Castle Street, in the neighbourhood of Oxford gary to comparative affluence took place, and this fact Market, but the house has since been rebuilt. Onward will possibly induce the reflective consideration of many for some years, Johnson and his wife shifted from persons who may not idly, or without a purpose visit the lodging to lodging, many of them doubtless barely JOHNSONIAN MUSEUM. furnished and miserable in their accommodation, in courts in the vicinity of the Strand, Boswell Court, Bow Street, Holborn and Fetter Lane; but in 1747, having
ARTIFICIAL DIAMONDS. contracted with the booksellers for the compilation of an English Dictionary, Johnson to be near to Strahan,
Another progressive step towards the possibility of his printer, began to occupy the house, No. 17, Gough
creating Diamonds by a chymical progress has been Square, and there, while busied in his lexicographical
realised in the fact that Sapphires have been so proresearches and composition, he wrote his admirable essays
duced. M. Gaudin has communicated to the Academy entitled “The Rambler,' and The Idler '; but in this
of Sciences, Paris, a process for obtaining alumina (the house, his wife died early in 1752, leaving him im
clay which yields the new metal called aluminum) in merged in mental despondency and poverty. The
transparent crystals, which therefore present the same stipend he drew from the booksellers while labouring on
chymical composition as the natural stone known under the Dictionary, finished late in 1754, but not published
the name of Sapphire. To obtain them, he lines a till May in the following year, is shewn to have been
common crucible with a coating of lamp-black, and ininadequate to his requirements; he was ever in need,
troduces into it equal proportions of alum and sulphate and on balancing the accounts between the employers
of potash reduced to a powder and calcined. He then and the employed, Johnson was found to have consider
exposes it for fifteen minutes to the fire of a common ably overdrawn the 15001., which had been agreed on.
forge. The crucible is then allowed to cool, and on His literary exertions were incompetent to provide
breaking it the surface of the lamp-black coating is sufficiently for the passing day, and there are still
found covered with numerous brilliant points composed evidences of his applications for loans to relieve him
of sulphuret of potassium, enveloping the crystals of from arrest. In his mother's last illness, when nearly
alumina obtained, or, in other words, real sapphires or ninety years old, and dependent on him for subsistence;
corundum. The size of the crystals is large in proporpennyless and in grief, impelled by sheer want, in the
tion to the mass operated upon; those obtained by M. hope of opportunely obtaining money from the sale of
Gaudin are about a millimetre, or 3-100ths of an inch, his manuscript, he wrote in an incredibly short space of
in diameter, and half a millimetre in height. They are time, his world wide popular Eastern Tale, .Rasselas,' a
so hard that they have been found to be preferable to production that will only be forgotten when the English
rubics for the purposes of watch making. It is thus, language shall cease to be remevibered; he sold the
that Chymistry by pursuing the recognised course of manuscript to Johnston, the bookseller, for 1001., but
natural causes will in its operation achieve similar reere this was effected, his mother had died, he attended l sults and produce the diamond.
THE BIRTH OF THE LILIES.
Thro' Asia's cities far and wide,
If Saint Neander's Tale be true ?
D. B. H.
VISCOUNT DUNDEE AND HIS DEFAMERS. Will that time ever arrive when history shall be written irrespective of political bias? when it will not be incumbent on a Tory to laud Mary of Scotland, and her grandson, Charles the First; to abuse the Protector, and to sneer at William of Nassau. Or, for a Whig to represent Lord William Russell as guiltless of treason ; Algernon Sydney as the type of political purity; and Hampden as the disinterested opponent of kingly power.
At present, the system of wholesale praise, and wholesale vituperation is exceedingly offensive. Can any thing be more sickening than the perpetual laudation of Queen Mary, by Miss Strickland, or the attack uncalled for of Lord Macaulay upon Dundee? In the latter case, the noble baron in his anxiety to depreciate his victim, represented him in the first edition of his History, as Captain of the Town-guard of Edinburgh; and in this capacity superintending the progress of the unfortunate Argyle in his melancholy journey from Holyrood to the Castle. The idea of the fiercest' of the race of Grahame holding the position of Captain of the Town .rats,' as they were called in common parlance, was too ludicrous not to excite at the time, the smile even of the sober Scotsman, and the new addition to the honours of the bloody Clavers' was received with shouts of laughter on the northern side of the Tweed.
Sir Walter Scott, has, we suspect, come nearest the real character in the picture he has given of Dundee, in Old Mortality; although we doubt much the correctness of the assumptions in his Notes derived from the allegations of Woodrow, many of whose statements are as regards him absolutely false. Thus the shooting of Brown, the Christian carrier, by the hand of Clavers is a fiction : this man was shot by six of the soldiers, not upon his refusal to take the oaths as ordered by the Privy Council; but because, in addition to his refusal, he positively declared he would not acknowledge the king, and had in his possession bullets and arms. The original letters on the subject from Clavers have been recently discovered, and will in due time be given to the public by the accomplished biographer of Montrose, who is engaged on a life of the much abused Viscount. Suffice it to say, that Clavers did what he was bound to have done, as a military officer, viz., obey the orders given to him. In the instance of Brown, he endeavoured to save him, but the unfortunate man preferred martyrdom.
In looking over a large volume of miscellaneous manuscripts put together in the oddest manner many years since by those having the mis management of the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh; the following Verses on the death of the subject of these observations were discovered, and transcribed as indicating that the opinions propagated by Woodrow and Walker, and adopted by Lord Macaulay, were not at least universally received, and that even in the lower orders of society individuals might be found who did admire the elegant, but uncompromising and determined Cavalier.
* See Neander's Lecture on the Assumption.'
But see Cautica Canticorum, 'II. 1, 2.
ANE EPITAPH UPON THE VISCOUNT OF DUNDEE,
INEDITED LETTER OF BISHOP WARBURTON. compos'd be an ignorant Tailzeor.
The following, believed to have been addressed to Fools and Phanaticks feast you now and sing
Thomas Newton, bishop of Bristol, has no superscription. What God and good men grieve, you joy doth bring.
Prior Park, Feb. 20, 1768. Rejoice, rejoice, the noble hero's dead,
My dear Lord, I am much obliged to you for your last Quhoes presence was to yow, MEDUSA's head.
kind letter of the 13th. I think you 80 right as to the
scanty sum, thut it shall be 5001 instead of 4001, which I The bold undaunted Lord quhoes verie name
shall take care shall bring 4 per cent. The course proposed Made Traitours pale, lives only now by fame.
is to be three or four sermons a year for four years; and Unmatch'd Dundee in honor's bed hath dyed :
the course to be printed. His name and Cuntries glorie, boast, and pryde.
You are likely to have a very mad Episcopal seat this Dy'd in the best of causes, but too soone
spring, but I suppose, the rage of it, will be orer before A martire for the Mytre and the Croune.
you will venture down. If you give us, this Session, a new
bill against bribery and corruption, it will vastly increase No vulgar error, por a nick-nam'd law
cuntested Elections. For every penal act has some little atHis loyal resolutiones could o'erawe.
tention paid to it, for the first ihree or four months. The Nor plausible subtilities, nor all
Inhabitants of Bath expect a large harvest this next Spring The new distinctions whereupon men fall,
Season, when full stomachs and empty pockets will bring To reconcile their conscience, and their Cryme;
hither the gentry of England, who cannot afford to pass the Nor hope, nor fear, could make him serve ihe tyme,
summer at their own seats, nor pass it any where without
the Waters. Nor stain his noble soul with such pollutione
My dear Lord, As bears the impress of this revolution.
Ever most affectionately and faithfully yours, No, no, he walk'd in vertue's straitest road,
W. GLOUCESTER. And bid the event be, what best pleased God.
CIVIC CHAPLETS OR GARLANDS.
Among the ordinances made by the Grocers' Company,
August 20, 1376, it was— Ordained, That all the ComAnd though the punishment to rebells due, Be all that honest men can look for now,
pany of this Mystery shall assemble once in every year,
in the month of May, and dine together, which dinner Yet amidst these distractions firm he stood,
shall be ordered and provided by the Two Masters for And what he said, he sealed it with his blood.
the time being, and after dinner, or, in the quaint But oh! my quill's too weak, Death, Blood and Wounds. wording of the original, when the mangerie was ended' And Traytors groans his Elegie shall sound.
the Wardens were to come wyth garlondes on ther His Epitaph be Mars shall written be,
hedes,' and the Company were to choose for their And for his death whole hecatombs shall die.
three Wardens for the year following those • upon whom
the forseid garlondes shallen bee sett.'* The Epitaph is included among a great many other
The election Ceremonies in all the Companies usually poems, if they are entitled to that designation, said to be
o that designation, said to be took place after the feast, differing in some minor partithe Mass of Davidson's Verses,' but who this individual
culars, but all having reference to one usage — that of was — is not known. The Taylor's versification is not
crowning with chaplets and garlands the newly elected very harmonious, nevertheless some of the lines are suf
principals. To the wardens thus chosen, was to be deficiently vigorous, and as the production of the ninth I livered all money, papers and other matters which bepart of a man, the whole merits commendation.
longed to the fraternity, under a penalty of 101. If In the same Collection occur the following lines on the Masters thought fit to choose one of their company, the death of King William. If they are the composi
though not then present, the chaplet or garland was to tion of Davidson, we incline to think the Tailor the
be sent by the beadle to his house, and if in town, he better poet.
was to accept the office without any refusal : if absent, Cromwell did laugh to see King William come
he was to accept it on his return. Refusal to serve was Tumbling in baste down from the English throne,
followed by fine or expulsion. In the Wardens accounts He straight raise up with a great pane and grace
of the Grocers' Company, 1401, the sum of xxd. is deIn hell to him to yield the hottest place.
bited for the ij chapellettes pour couronner les nouvels Grent Sir! he says, ye have me far outdone,
mestres,' and xvjs. for refreshment, which seems to have For ye had still the advantage as a sone :
been provided for this election-en payn, vyn, cuoystre' In all things else a lyk it was our cause,
blaundrett et fromage.' When these ceremonies had terPretending still religione and the laws.
minated, and the loving cup had passed round, the But, who is your Successor ? added he.
minstrels and players began their diversions, and with George ; quoth King William. Then I plainlie see,
their disport the entertainment ended. Like to my owne son Richard, he will be.
* Heath's History of the Grocers' Company, Privately 25, Royal Circus, Edinburgh.
J. M. | Printed, 1854, 8vo. p. 56.
In the Carpenters' Company, the custom of crowning use of the Wardens of the Yeomanry. The Master's the new Master and the Wardens is yet observerl, and the chaplet is here represented, drawn from the original. crowns or garlands used for the purpose are the same which were in the possession of the company nearly three centuries since. The Master's crown is a species of cap of crimson silk velvet, embroidered with gold and silver lace, it bears the date 1561, as also the initials and merchant's mark of John Tryll, Master of the Company, also the armorial insignia of the City of London, and the Carpenters' Company.
The crowns of the Three Wardens hear the same date, and are very similar, bearing the initials of John Ansell, with his mark; Wolstone Wynd, and Thomas
Another object of much interest to the members of Pecoke.* Later, the records of the Company under
er the Clothworkers' Company is the silver cup presented to June 6, 1738, detail more particularly the proceedings
them by Philip Chetwynd, Renter Warden, 1654-5. at these elections :
The side here shewn depicts his family coat and initials ;
on the opposite side, are the armıs of the Cloth workers' Directions for the Election of Master and Wardens of the Company, inscribed above – Ex Debito,' and under the Worshipful Company of Carpenters.
arms, the motto — 'Tria sunt Omnia.' Firstly, The old Master and Wardens to walk once round the Hall with the Musick and Cupbearers.
From the old Master and Wardens to Crown the new Master and Wardens, and to drink to each other.
Then the new Master and Wardens to walk once round the Hall, with the Musick and Cupbearers as before.
N.B – To call the four Junior Livery-men to be Cupbearers.
The ceremony of crowning the Prime Warden and his Associates on their accession to office is still observed by the Fishmongers' Company. Sir William Stone, Alderman of London, who was
Renter Mercer to the Queen, Anne of Denmark, and resided in Cheapside ;t presented in 1606 to his Company the Cloth workers, four garlands of purple velvet, with the scutcheons of the company's arms on each richly embroidered with gold and silver twine, lined with crimson The Books of the Barbers' Company, under the date satin ; and a fair case to keep the garlands in, for the Jan. 20, 1629, have the following entry, relative to the
garlands which are still in their possession —
It is ordered, that there shall be made four Garlands of • History of the Carpenters' Company, by E. B. Jupp, silver enamelled, garnished and sett forth after the neatest Clerk of the Company, 1848, 8vo. pp, 211, 212.
manner, according to the direction of the present Governors, + Sir William Stone, Knt., Citizen and Clothworker, was for the choice of New Masters, at the charge of the House. the son of Reginald Stone, Citizen and Fishmonger. He
The garlands worn by the Master and Wardens of was honoured with knighthood June 16, 1604, by King
in the Ironmongers' Company on their entering upon James the First, being then on a visit to Micbael Hicks, Esq., at his manor of Ruckholts, Leyton, Essex. Three
office, consisted of a fillet of velvet about three inches months after King James's visit to Clothworkers' Hall, Sir
wide, padded and lined with silk, and ornamented with William being then Master of the Company, died Sept. 14,
the arnis and crest of the Company engraved on small 1607, and was buried on the following day in the church
silver or iron plates, and enamelled in their proper of St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, here the singular in tinctures. A set of such garlands, one of crimson, and scription to his memory, is noticed in Maitland's London, the other two of green velvet, evidently of considerable vol. ii., p. 1140. His arms were, Or, on a pale azure. Three antiquity, is still in the possession of the Ironmongers' escalops of the first. Crest, on a wreath of the colours, a Company, but the custom of placing them on the heads Sea-horse Or, crined Gules, tail proper, holding between of the newly elected Master and Wardens has long been his fore-feet, an escalop of the first.
discontinued Probate to his will was granted by the Prerogative Court | Lee Road. Blackheath.
J. J. HOWARD. of Canterbury, Sept. 17, 1607, to Lady Barbara Stone his widow and sole executrix. He died possessed, inter alia, of certain freehold premises, No. 11, Old Fisb Street, formerly | * History of the Ironmongers' Company, by John Nicholl, the Feathers Tavern, which is now vested in Mr. Samuel F.S.A. Privately Printed, p. 88. A woodcut is there inGregory, a member of the Cloth workers' Company. serted of one of these Garlands.
| Marquis of Northampton. He was in 1583 elected The Distich • Pastor, arator, eques, etc., Current
Alderman of Bridge Ward without; served sheriff Notes, p. 82, is attributed to Pentadius. Also the fol
1583-4; and on being elected Alderman ot Bassishaw in lowing
1594, was Mayor in 1594-5. The arms of Sir John
Spencer-Argent, two bars gemelles, between three De grege pasto, rure sato, duce nempe subacto
eagles displayed sable. Crest, on a wreath of the colours, Nec lac, nec segetes, nec spolia ulla tuli.
an eagle volant proper ; are in Gray's Inn Hall, inscribed See Burmann's Anthologia Veterum Latinorum Poe- Johannes Spencer Miles, Prætor London. tarum, tom. I., p. 403. The authors of the three which The year of his mayoralty was one of great scarcity, follow, are not known, to me at least.
and in order to provide against the dearth in the City, In Statuam Regis.
he by precept required several of the companies to im.
port from foreign parts a certain quantity of corn, and Rex, Vates, Lyricen, Mavortis, A pollinis, Orphei, Gesto, cano, tango, sceptra, poëma, lyram.
to store the same in the City granary, in the Bridge
House. See his autograph letter, addressed to the Lord Mors Trium.
Treasurer Burleigh, dated Dec. 23, 1594, Lansdowne Anguis, aper, juvenis, pereunt si, vulnere morsu : MS. 76, fol. 92. Hic premit, ille gemit, sibilat hic moriens.
In the following year, for the better ensuring the In Petri Bembi mortem.
safety of the City, he applied by letter to the Lords of
the Privy Council, referring to their consideration the Adria, Castalides, Ænotria, Tuscia, Bembus,
propriety of closing up some five or six of the postern Nobilis, unanimes, florida, culta, probus,
doors made in the City Walls; and at the same time Undique, conjunctim, subito, velociter, eheu!
protested against the interference of the Queen in the Ablue, complete, prome, profunde, obiit,
appointment of the Recorder of London. His letter on Littora, Parnassum, lamenta, fluenta, senectam,
this occasion addressed to the Lord High Treasurer Humida, laurigerum, grandia, larga, gravem, Fluctibus, elogio, singultu, lumine, leto,
and dated July 23, 1595, is extant in Lansdowne MS.
116, fol. 8. Luctisonis, moesto, triste,t gemente, hilari.
Sir John Spencer in 1599 appears to have begun to In this epigram, consisting of eight lines, and each decorate at considerable cost his mansion at Canonline of five words, the construction proceeds downwards, / bury. An elaborately carved oak chimney-piece, yet reAdria nobilis, undique ablue littora humida fluctibus mains, consisting of six figures, representing Prudence, luctisonis. Castalides, unanimes, etc. See Vaslet's Temperance, Justice, Faith, Charity and Hope; also Ars Metrica, pp. 86, 87.
the arms of the City of London, the Citerii Sidonii Syracusani de Tribus Pastoribus.
Clothworker's company, the Spencer
coat, and his merchant's mark, dated Almo, Theon, Thyrsis, orti sub monte Pelori,
1601, as here represented. The whole Semine disparili, Laurente, Lacone, Sabino.
supported by caryatides of an elegant 10 Vite Sabine, Lacon sulco, sue cognite Laurens.
form. The arms of the Spencer family Thyrsis oves, vitulos Theon egerat, Almo capellas.
are also in other parts of the building, 1 14 Almo puer, pubesque Theon, at Thyrsis ephebus. Canna Almo, Thyrsis stipula, Theon ore melodus,
No. 7, Canonbury Place, now occupied as a Ladies' Nais amat Thyrsin, Glauce Almona, Nisa Theonem.
boarding school. Nisa rosas, Glauce violas dat, lilia Nais.
He died intestate at an advanced age, and was buried
in St. Helen's Church, Bishopsgate. In 1808, his reSee similar to this, two other epigrams in Burmann's
remains were discovered at the east end of the south Anthol. Veter. Latin. Poetarum, tom. I., pp. 445, 446.
aisle, wrapped in lead, shaped to the form of his body, H. and on the breast, inscribed — Here lyeth ye Body of
Sir John Spencer Knight, Lord Mayor of London, 1593; SIR JOHN SPENCER'S MERCHANT'S MARK. | whoe dyed ye 3 of March, 1609. Sir John Spencer, knt., Citizen and Clothworker, was
Administration of his estate was granted in 1612 by the son of Richard Spencer, of Waldingfield, Suffolk ; | the Prerogative Court of Canterbury to Lord Compton. and ancestor of the ennobled family of Northampton.
Near the vestry in St. Helen's Church a monument His Town residence was Crosby Place, now Crosby Hall,
Crash H w as raised by the heir, and originally coloured; but Bishopsgate; and he held the manor of Canonbury has now a coat of white paint. The late Marquis of which was alienated to him in 1570, by Thomas Lord Northampton expressed an intention of having it reWentworth. Canonbury is still the property of the
of the stored, and went with that purpose to view it a short
time before his death; he was further furnished with
an estimate of the expense, and I lent him drawings of * The final vowel in complete' is lengthened by the the monument, and of the leaden coffin. cæsura, not by the following consonants, + The correct ablative is tristi.
Islington, Dec. 8.