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The stone upon which this device , ARMOURERS' ARMORIAL INSIGNIA.
is found is in the old Grey Friars' |
burial ground at Perth, bearing

The original seal of the Company of Armourers, is of this inscription-Heir lyis ane

the time of King Henry the Sixth. The matrix of silver Honorabil Woman Helena Colt

is still in the possession of the Company, but has long spouse to M.... Andersone

since ceased to be used. In the field, St. George the quba dyit 8 lunii, 1618.

Patron Saint of the Armourers, is represented piercing In conclusion I may observe that

the Dragon with his spear. Two helmets respecting each the merchants in large manu

other are placed, one on either side of the saint, and befacturing towns were not the only parties in Scotland neath each helmet, is a shield, the dexter charged with who used these marks. I have seen them in many country

two swords in saltire ; the sinister with a plain cross. churchyards and villages, mostly similar in

The legend—SIGILLV' comVNE ARTIS ARMVRARIO' design to this, which is quite a common device,

CIVITATIS LONDON RA'. and is from a stone in memory of Alexander

In the Court Minute Book of the Company of ArBuchan, a burgess of Perth, who died in 1758.

mourers, dated October 7, 1556, is an entry entitled-for In the village of Dunblane, in Perthshire, many

the renewing of a letter patent of the Armes of our Comof the old houses have these marks over the

panye, which notices the fact that the Master and one of door, with the initials of the owner of the house

the Wardens had been with the Chief King of Arms, and and those of his wife, with sometimes the

appointed him to make new Arms and Crest according words :

unto our Arte and Mysterie,' for the sum of five pounds. WE LOVE EQUITY.

The grant has never been printed, and is here sub

mitted, from the original record. Painted over the door of an old shop at Brechin, the common kind of mark 4 is seen issuing from the mono

To all Nobles and Gentills these presente Letters reding, issuing from the mono- | hering, or seyng, THOMAS HAWLEY alias Clarencieulx, prin

herin gram VA, between the Christian and surname of the cipall berauld and kyng of Armes of the Sowthe, Easte and merchant.

Weste partes of this realme of Englande, from the Ryver of Possibly the device as shown from the stone dated Trente Bowthwarde, sendeth dew and bumble commendacion 1617, had its origin in the use of the weigh-beam.

and gretyng. Brechin, Jan. 2.

A. J.

Equite willeth and Reason ordeyneth that men vertuous

and of Noble courage be by theire Merytes and good RevoGREAT FIRE IN LOWER TAAMES STREET.

ronce had in perpetuall memorye, And forasmuch as I the saide

Clarencieulx, am surely enformed and understande for cerEarly in the last century there were but few news- teyne, that euery crafte of corporacion within this moste papers printed, and their place was frequently supplied noble Citye of London doo compasse studye and deuyse with by what were then designated News Letters,' of one all theire dilligence, and namely such persons as haue in sheet folio; hence also much of the correspondence

them a gentle and noble harte ar as compelled thereunto by between private individuals, contained more generally

very course of nature to seke the moste conuenient and particulars of passing events than are now detailed in

laudable wayes to them possible to exalte and preferre theire letters of our time. In one from a William Pearse in

saide Crafte, Mystereye, and Occupaciou to thentent that the metropolis, to his sister Mrs. Elizabeth Pearse at

euerye person entryng or commyng into theire saide Mysterie

and Occupacion through theire vertuous and commendable Ashburton, in Devonshire, are the following particulars

disposition sbulde effectually enforce and geue themselves toof a disastrous fire in Lower Thames Street, of which a

wardes the maintenaunce, supportacion and long contynuance contemporary printed account may almost be looked for of the same to the laude and prayse of Allmightie God, and in vain.

to the honor of the Kvnge and Quenes Majesties, ouor SoueLondon, Jan. 20, 1714-15. 1 reynes, and of this moste noble Citye of London. This day sennight att evening, broke out a dreadfull Fire Therefore in following the saide laudable wayes there near the Custome house, by the accidental blowing up of a hath ben with me the forsaide Clarencieulx, certeyne of the bouse where was great quantity of gun-powder, and the worshipfull companye the Maister and Wardeyns of the fire burned exceeding fierce till near noon next day, Fraternitye or Guylde of St. George, of the men of the notwithstanding all methods used to extinguish it both by Mystery of Armerors, of the Citye of London, that is to engines and blowing up of houses to prevent its spreading. wete, WILLIAM GONN, at this presente tyme beyng About one hundred stately brick houses are now only heaps Maister ; and ROGER TYNDALL and Thomas BRUCE, of rubbish, and multitudes of Warehouses and others of Wardeyns of the same, instantly Requyrng me for that there merchants goods are consumed to the value of many hath ben of long tyme belongyng to theire saide Frater. hundred thousand pounds, and which is worse many scores nitie and Mystery the token of honor, that is to saye Armes. of men, women, and children, have lost their lives. Abun- Neuertheles, they being uncerteine under what sorte and dance that I know, their houses are in ashes; the Custom maner theire predecessors bare the same, with the dew difHouse escaped, notwithstanding the fire reached to the ference, haue desyered me the saide Clarencieulx to ordeyn, very walls of it, and did some damage although it was a assign and get furth theire Armes and Creste with a dew very dark night, yet the air seemed on fire, so that a pin difference lawefully to be borne. might have been taken up many miles from hence.

I therefore consideryng theire Request to be bothe juste and resonable, and also the more worthier by reason of the ORIGINAL COMPILER OF ENGLISH BARONETAGE. Liberties and Aunciennitie of theire Corporacion graunted In Moule's Bibliotheca Heraldica, are some passing unto them by the most famous prynce Kyng Henry the Syxte notices of the editions of the Genealogical and Hisof famous memorye by thauctoritie and power annexed torical Accounts of the English Baronetage. 1727 and attributed geuen and graunted to me and to my office of | 1741. both being ascribed in the main to the publisher. Clarencieulx Kyng of Armes, by expresse wordes under the Tim

Thomas Wotton, at the Three Daggers and Queen's most noble grete Seale, haue ratified, confirmed, assigned and set furthe to the hole bodye of the Fraternitie, Mysterie

Head, against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet Street ; and Corporacion, the Armes and Creste with the dew dif- but the work appears to have been cominenced many ference in maner as hereafter foloweth, that is saye—Siluer, 1 years prior, by the Rev. William Holman, of Halstead, on a chevron sable, a attoney gauntelet betwene fower in Essex, as the following letter will determine :swordes in sawltere siluer, porfled, pomeled and hilted gold, Honored Sir,-As there is now preparing for the on a chef sable in a plate betwene two helmetts siluer, gar-Press a Genealogical History of the Baronets of Engnyshed golde, a playne crosse gules. Upon the healme, on land, I doubt not but as you have the Honour to be of a Torse siluer and sable, a demy Man of Armes armed the Order, so you will take care to have the Memoirs of siluer, open faced porfled golde, holdyng in his hande a Mace

your Family inserted. I think that all persons who of Warre, mantelled geules, dobled siluer, as more plainly

have any Manuscripts by them relating thereunto ought apereth depicted in this margente. To haue and to bolde to all the hole bodye of the saide

to encourage so laudable a Designe. Fraternitie, Mysterie and Corporacion, and to theire succes

This is my case who am under a double obligation of sors in the same, and they it to use and enioye for euer-pr

er promoting it, not only as a lover of Antiquities, but as more.

having married a gentlewoman of your family. I have In wittnes wherof I the saide Clarencieulx haue signed lived for several years at Halstead, in Essex, and have these presentes with my bande, and sete thereunto the Seale made it my business to collect whatever I could meet of my Armes, with the Seale of my Office of Clarencieulx with of the Fitches family, and I think I may say, Kyng of Armes.

without vanity, that I know more of it than any gentleGeuen and graunted at London the xvth daye of October, man in England, especially since it hath been fixed in in the thirde and fowrthe yeres of the reignes of our Soue- Essex. reynes Phillip and Marye, by the grace of God, Kyng and I should be very glad to know from what branch of Quene of Euglande, Spayne, Fraunce, both Sicilles, Jeru- the

the Fitches you are descended; I find the first of the salem and Irelande, defendors of the faithe; archedukes of Austria, Dukes of Bourgundie, Myllayn, and Brabant,

family at Linsell in this county, and at Bumsted, DapCounties of Hauspurg, Flandres and Tyroll.

bury, Bocking, Twinsted, and several other places, for

about three hundred years past, and they had formerly PAR MOY CLARCOEULX Roe D'ARMES. 1556.

two coats of arms with some littlc difference. Hawley's grant or confirmation of these arms to the

I should be very ambitious of surving you and illusCompany of Armourers, has a richly floriated border on trating your family; I hope you will excuse this interthe top and both sides; in the centre at the top) is a ruption from. Sir, Your most humble servant. Tudor rose surmounted by a crown or, between two December 11, 1711. WILLIAM HOLMAN. fleur-de-lis or. The initial letter is richly illuminated, having within it

I have some designe to publish the History of HinckClarencieux in his tabard, etc. The armorial bearings ford

asford Hundred, a worthy Gent. Mr. Morley of Halstead of the Company are emblazoned on the dexter side. my very good friend) will inform you farther. To the grant are appended two seals, one bearing a

neet Addressed—For Sir Comport Fitche, Bart., to be left plain shield charged with the arms of Thomas Hawley, for

for him at Madame Outram's, at her house in Old Palace a saltire engrailed. The other, the official seal of Haw | Yard, att Westminster. ley as Clarencieux king of Arms, with the legend S. OFFICII CLARENCIAVX R, ARMORVM Pr. AVSTRAL.


A correspondent who refers to the pedigree of the Arms; St. George's cross, in dexter corner a fleur-de

family of Gardner, Lord Gardner, Brydges' Collins, 1812, lis; and on a chief, a lion passant gardant. Subsequently, on the occasion of the uniting of the

vol. ix. pp. 381-384; repeats for solution in Current Company of Armourers, with the Braziers, the Master

Notes, the query of G. H. W., in the Gentleman's and Wardens again conferred with the Heralds' College,

| Magazine, April, 1823, p. 290, why the Viscounty of as appears from the following ininute in their records :

Gardner has become extinct, though the late Viscount

left legitimate male issue. Alan Hyde, second Baron Feb. 28, 1708-9. The Master and Wardens are desired

Gardner, was gazetted Sept. 30, 1815, Viscount Gardner, to treat and agree with the King at Arms for a new Coat of Arms for the Braziers upon their being united to this

and died Dec. 27, in that year. His son, Alan Legge, Company of Armourers, and that a Common Seal be made

succeeded to the baronial honour only. Two reasons thereupon at as reasonable a price as they can procure the

have been assigned as probable, viz., either that Lord same.

Gardner died before the completion of the patent of the Another minute of later date states the cost of the seal Viscounty, or else, that he was created Viscount withto have been about Twenty pounds.

out any remainder; the latter supposition seems warLee Road, Blackheath.

J.J. HOWARD. (ranted on reference to the gazette of 1815.

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The recent discovery in Lincoln Cathedral library of For eleven Cock Turkeys and Sauce . a French Psalter printed in 1546, with the grand For eight Chines, Sauce and dressing musical notes to the old Hundredth Psalm, has disposed ' For twelve Geese and Sauce . of the long disputed question whether Purcell who died For twelve Dishes of Mincepyes . in 1695, or Handel who died in 1759, was the composer. For eleven Custards and Florindines . . The music in the old psalter being precisely as it is now sung is sufficient argument against the supposed for three Dishes of Chickens, three each. 0 claims of either of these distinguished masters, to one of For nine Dishes of Rabitts, two each . l 4 whom the composition has long been attributed.

For nine Dishes of Chickens, two each . 1 7

For twelve Large Pippin Tarts*. . . 2 8
For the Musicks Dinner.

0 5 0 Can you help me to information on the History of For Wood and Coales .

. 0 12 0 that notable tale of Jack and the Bean-stalk ? Hull, Dec. 27.

Henry S. Bright.

33 2 0

Recd. the Contents of this Bill Jack, commonly called the Giant-killer and Tom Thumb

for James Horsley. landed in England, from the very same keels and war ships which conveyed hither Hengist and Horsa, and Ebba the The Dinner for the Court of Assistance and there Saxon ; but for further information respecting Jack, ‘ who Ladys, att Barbers and Surgeons Hall, July 19th, 1744. after all was an unprincipled young dog,' our correspondent is referred to an admirable article on the Antiquities Eight Turbot; Soles, with Lobster and Shrimps. of Nursery Literature, in the Quarterly Review, May 1819. Seven Dishes of Venison.

Three Hams.

Two Sr. Loynes of Beef.
At a recent meeting of the British Archæological Seven Dishes of Boyld fowles, three each.
Association, Mr. Carrington communicated some re Seven Marrow Puddings.
marks on the derivation of the word Coward,' and
deduced it from an occupation in former days of much Ten Dishes of Ducks, two each.
importance, namely, a Cowherd, one having charge of Eight dishes of Turkey Pouts, two each.
the cattle; as no report of the transactions of the As Eight Dishes of Green Peas.
sociation, that I have seen, contains even a synopsis of Seven Coldling Tarts, Cream".
Mr. Carrington's paper, I cannot of course say how far

The Musickes Dinner. I might agree with that gentleman's philological deduc Wood and Coales. tions; but I am inclined to differ with Mr. Carrington Cooks and Laborers. on •Cow-herd,' the derivation he has adopted. I

Agreed for Twenty Nine pounds. would rather be of opinion that .Coward,' is derived Marrow.puddings, which have sent many a Citizen from Cow-heart, as a term of reproach for the absence to his last home, seem here to be an advance of refineof either moral or physical courage. Indeed, I once ment upon the former bill of fare. heard a gentleman of Cheshire, say that he was not Cow-hearted.

• Pippins were formerly in the City in high vogue. The Downpatrick.

! Rev. A. B. Suter, in his recently printed interesting paper JAMES A. Pilson. entitled, “The Worthies of St.Dunstan's, Fleet Street,' dis

covered among other causes of popularity which attended BARBERS AND SURGEONS BANQUETS.

the honest, gentle and courteous William Stampe, Clarke of The following brief notices may serve as mementoes that parish church, whose burial is noticed in the register, of Civic Festivities, a century since, but their apparent

March 6, 1643-4 ; an item in his bill for wages and other simplicity would not now be deemed satisfactory to the

ha dues, due to him at Midsummer, 1637

For two hundred and fifty Pippins for perambulation menbers of the Company, who amid the blandishments

070 of modern refinements, seem delighted to partake of 4

Which charge it appears the churchwardens did not dishes, the viands of which are disguised under foreign object to pay appellations of no meaning, and of sounds solely cal Gay, too, in his Trivia, printed in 1716, pathetically decnlated to tickle the ear of the unwary. They are plores among the vicissitudes caused by the breaking up of printed from the original bills.

the ice on the Frozen Thames, the fate of Doll the PippinThe Dinner on the Lord Mayor's Day, Octob. 29,

woman, who passing from booth to booth, the ice broke

while she was crying Pippins, and she slipped in ; in the 1742, for the Worshipfull Company of 'Barbers and

fall her head was struck off, and as it flew with velocity Surgeons.

above the surface the quivering lips repeated in accents — For seventeen Dishes of Fowles, Oysters, Sauceages and Bacon.

Soft as the breath of distant flutes ; For three Large Sir Loynes of Beef. . 1 16 0 | the abbreviated pip, pip, pip, till lost in the distance, For eleven Tongues, eleven Udders. . 3 6 0 was hushed for ever her swan-song or dying note,


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Stow in his Survey of London, notices among the When began the practice of touching for the King's

monuments formerly in St. Botolph's Church, BillingsEvil, and by whom was it discontinued ?

gate, one to William Rainwell, fishmonger, and John Salisbury, Jan. 14.

M. V.

Rainwell his son, fishmonger, Mayor in 1426, and who

on his decease in 1445, bequeathed large possessions to Dr. Paris, in the Historical Introduction to his Pharma

the Commonalty of London. The derivation of this cologia, 1822, p. 27, states-Edward the Confessor was the

name would seem to be sufficiently clear. first English King who touched for the Evil, and the foolish superstition has been wisely laid aside, ever since the accession of the House of Hanover. The deceptions generally Howell at the close of his Familiar Letters, the practised on these occasions are also exposed by that late whole of which are fictitious, having been fabricated by eminent physician.

him, while confined in the Fleet prison for debt, has the


gLorla LaVs Deo sæCVLorVM In sæCVLa sVnto. The study of the derivation of names will admit of La Doxological Chronogram including the present year much interesting conjecture and research, notwithstand- | 1655, and hath numeral letters enough to extend to ing Dean Swift has advanced some amusing speculations the year nineteen hundred and twenty-seven, if it please on this subject. For instance, he says, the king of God the world should last so long. Macedon being very partial to roasted eggs, his servants when they saw him returning homeward, called lustily

KENTISI EPITAPHS. to the cook to have—all eggs under the grate,' thence his name of Alexander the Great ; and that his horse

In this County are the following Epitaphs, if suffiBucephalus was so named from the number of grooms

ciently amusing perhaps you will insert them.

Rochester, Jan, 17. who assiduously surrounded the animal, and thus ob

F.M. WEBB. tained the appellation of busy fellows.

Epicedium on a Blacksmith, in Aylesbury churchIn answer to Mr. Langmead's enquiries, Current Notes, p. 101, the instances there given prove that

RICHARD AUSTIN, many names since the Conquest have become altered in

Died August, 1745, Aged 36 years. their terminations from • ville' to well.' In support of

My Sledge and Hammer lyes declind, Verstegan's statement respecting some names ending in

My Bellows too have lost their wind, * well,' having been assumed by our ancestors from their

My Fire's extinct, my Forge decaid residing in the neighbourhood of a well, the following

And in the dust my Vice is laid. extract from Blomefield, will I think account for the

My Coal is spent, my Iron's gone, origin of one of the names enumerated by your cor

My Naills are drove, my Work is done. repondent.

In Frindsbury church yard, near Rochester, are the While noticing St. Anne's chapel, in the south aisle following lines on Geratt Pearson, who departed this life of the parish church of Fersfield, he observes

August 28, 1801. Also of Alexander Norwood, aged The windows of the aisle, and in particular the east | twenty-three years. window of the chapel, were formerly beautifully adorned

Tho' in the waters, our lives we left, with paintings on glass, of the Twelve Apostles, the Blessed

The Lord has spar'd our bodies to the dust, Virgin, and St. Anne her mother, to whom the chapel was Those two bright youth's was dutiful son's, dedicated. She bad a famous image standing in it, and a Alas! how soon their glass was run. large gild kept to her honour, to which most who died in this and the adjacent towns generally gave something, and often left money to find wax candle and lights to be con

MODERN ANTIQUITIES.-Flint arrow heads when tinually burning before it. From this place processions were

found are considered of very remote antiquity, but at a usually made to a well or spring at the foot of the hill, recent meeting of the society of Antiquaries, a letter about sixty yards from the north gate of the church yard, was read from Mr. W. A. Franks, accompanying various which is still called Tann's Well, being a corruption of St. fint arrow heads, the fabrications of a man in the East Anne's Well..

| Riding of Yorkshire; who had also made combs, fishBlomefield was rector of Fersfield, and in his account hooks, and other objects in flint, imposing them as the of that parish, enumerates some of the many changes it rude productions of days long since passed. J. A. P. had undergone in name only. - I find, he observes, the name very differently written, as Ferswella, Fervessella, Ferefeud, Fairfeud, Fairvill, and Fersfell, all which

The Sixth volume of Current Notes, with Index, in seem to signify a Fair Fee, or Village.f

extra cloth boards, uniform with the prior volumes, may January 1.


now be had, price TurEE SHILLINGS.

Subscribers are respectfully reminded that their subscrip* Topographical History of Norfolk, Fersfield, 1739,

tions for the forthcoming twelve months, which are now Vol. I. p. 70. † Ibid, p. 49.

| due, can be forwarded in Postage Stamps.



“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive.”-SHAKESPEARE.

[FEBRUARY, 1857.


ST. PETER'S CHURCH, DORCHESTER. On Nov. 13, 1690, a Commission was appointed by I observe announced in the newspapers the death of the General Assembly, for visiting the whole Presbyteries the talented water-colour artist, Mr. Frederick Nash; of the North side of the Tay, etc. In reference to that and in the Art Journal, for February, we are favoured visitation the following hitherto unpublished letter from with a very interesting biographical sketch of him. In Major General Hugh Mackay, of Scourie, the well | 1802, Mr. Nash painted a view of St. Peter's Church, known Commander of the Forces in Scotland under with the Market House, etc., in Dorchester, from which King William III.; distinguished not only by his per- an engraving was made by Birrell, and published by Mr. sonal piety, but by his attachment to the Presbyterian Frampton, then a bookseller in this town. The annexed faith ; addressed to Ludovick Grant of that ilk, a woodcut is a reduced copy of the print, a facsimile of the member of the Scottish Privy Council, and one of the painting. powerful and zealous supporters of the Presbyterian interest in the north, will doubtless be read with much interest for the developement it affords on the comparative strength of religious parties in Scotland at the period of the Revolution. It is dated at London, Dec, 4, 1690, and proceeds thus

Continue in your zeal for the Government, and I exhort you to study moderation in your present commission, which will do the Presbyterian interest more good than men generally there are aware of. The King's intentions are certainly to maintain that government, as the fittest for that nation; but it is also his earnest desire that it may be made as supportable to those who seem to dissent from it, that even they may fall in liking with it, and so the Kingdom become one body, which surely is the likeliest way for the subsistence of that which is so newly established. Many are of opinion that you, Brody, Foulis, and Grange, being upon that northern commission, nothing is to be expected but severity ; but I am sure that no man who will duly weigh all circumstances but will confess with me, that, humanly, the standing of that government doth consist in the making To Topographers it is particularly valu able from the it supportable to the King and Kingdom, For, let men circumstance of the Market House having been thrown flatter themselves as they will, I tell you, who know Scot-down, the church altered, and the houses seen in the land, and where the strength and weakness of it doth lie,

centre having all been demolished, thus leaving a wide that, if I were as much an enemy to that interest as I am a friend, I would without difficulty engage to form in Scotland

open space, and much improving and enlarging the

Town. a more formidable party against it, even for their Majestys' Government, than can be formed for it. I therefore pray

Mr. Nash commenced another painting of a view emyou gentlemen, take a friendly advertisement, and let your

bracing the church of the Holy Trinity, etc., but in conzeal be tempered with prudence, for no man in England sequence, I imagine, of the prints of the first not selling or Scotland can judge of your circumstances better than well, the painting was never finished. Fortunately, I myself.

possess both paintings, the plate of the first has been The significance of this language will be best under-destroyed, and the prints are in consequence very scarce. stood by comparing it with what is said on the subject Dorchester, Feb. 2. JOHN GARLAND, F.L.S. by Mr. Macaulay in the thirteenth chapter of his History of England, and by Mr. Burton, in the fifth and sixth chapters of his History of Scotland. R. Í

A correspondent observes the Blacksmith's epitaph, in

Current Notes, p. 8, is incomplete, and consists of eight Roman Catholics who refuse to believe in the dogma lines, the two last beingof the Immaculate Conception, are now, by Ultramon

My fire-dried corps lies here at rest, tanists, considered and denounced as Protestants.

My soul, like smoke, soars to be blest. VOL. VII.

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