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TOWER ON GLASTONBURY TOR.

the archangel, which was reedified by St. Patrick, and Over the old Town of Glastonbury rises the Tor,

beautified by some of his successors. These abbots encrowned by its ruined tower, characterized by many of

larged upon the original plan, and built here not only a

large and elegant church and monastery, designated the the features of the numerous Somersetshire churches,

monastery of St. Michael de Torre in the isle of Glaston, but perhaps, heavier as a whole than most of them. In the

also other buildings, dwelling houses and offices, and obtown of Glastonbury there are two of finer design, and

tained many grants of privileges from several of the kings. far more elegant in their elevation than this one. The The whole of the buildings which had been erected on this tower, however, upon the summit of Glastonbury Tor is bill by several abbots at a vast expense, the labour being remarkable as standing alone, unconnected with any very great to carry materials up the immense ascent, were church, nor could I find any traces of one in former totally destroyed by the earthquake which happened in time; probably, the tower was used for other purposes 1271, but afterwards more splendidly rebuilt, and that than those in the town, which would suffice for all eccle

church erected, of which the tower remains, an object of siastical uses.

admiration to travellers, and an ornament to the surroundThe principal elevation of the Tower is enriched with

ing country. At the west end of it, is carved the figure of two courses of niches and double windows, with in

St. Michael the archangel, holding in his hand a pair of

Scales, in one of which is the Bible; in the other a devil, and serted blocks of sculpture. The door is worthy of notice

another devil hanging on in the endeavour to make weight, for its proportions, which are considering its style,

but are both too light.* The Tower of St. Michael, as well as remarkably good. Above it, on either side is a King Alfred's tower at Stourton, were both the property sculpture, one is represented in the annexed sketch of the late Sir Richard Colt Hoare, who contributed the a female saint is apparently in

plate to Collinson's History, in which these two Towers are the act of milking a cow : a very

admirably represented. unlikely position for the repre

Hearne, p. 48, with more probability affirms—the dreadsentation of a saint, and it is the

ful earthquake that threw down St. Michael's church upon strangeness of this circumstance

the Torr, happened on the 11th day of September, 1276.' that induces me to forward this

He adds—This church beyond all dispute was again built,

since the editors of the Monasticon, in the account they give query. What saint may this be? Is

us of Glastonbury, say, that the church upon the Torr, fell

in King Henry the Eighth's days with the abbey. These there any story connected with this carving? Its fellow

appear to have been granted by King Edward the Sixth on on the other side of the arch, apparently represents the June 4, 1550, in consideration of his petition, and the Last Judgment, and the avenging angel weighing in the advice of his counsel, to Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset, scales of Justice, the wicked against the good. I have to support his dignity. He doubtless sold the materials, some recollection of hearing a legend which is told with the exception of the Tower. about this solitary tower, but I should feel much obliged Neither Hearne or Collinson suggest any elucidation of to any of your Correspondents who may have met with the questioned figure submitted by our Correspondent. it, refreshing my memory on the point.

T. H. PATTISON.

THE BOOK TRADE IN NEW YORK. Hearne quoting the monkish annalists, states that the

• There is scarcely a publisher,' the New York Life Saints Phaganus and Dervianus founded an oratory to St.

Illustrated states; who has escaped from the list of Michael on this mound, and that St. Patrick. who came failed or suspended. We may name without discredit, hither from Ireland in A.D. 439, finding it in a ruined con- the following: Harper and Brothers; J. H. Colton and dition, restored it, placing therein two holy men Arnulphus Co.; H. Crosserthwaite and Co.; John P. Jewett and and Ogwar, two Irish monks whom he brought from Ireland. Co.; J. S. Redfield; Philip J. Cozzens; Miller; Orton St. Patrick having repaired St. Michael's chapel on the and Co.; Richard Marsh; J. M. Emerson and Co.; top of the Torr, which from this time, if I mistake not, was Miller and Curtis ; Bangs, Brother and Co.; G. P. Putcalled, the Hill of St. Michael, or St. Michael's Mount, to nam and Co.; Sandford and Swords; H. W. Derby and the time of the Reformation, after which, I conceive it was called the Torr, from the tower, the only part of the Chapel

Co.; Fowlers and Wells; and others, who found it imnow left standing.. Hearne further notices — The ruinous

possible to meet their engagements during this unpreTower still there standing, may be seen many miles round

cedented panic which so completely deranged the curthe Countrey, and strikes a man still with a kind of awe

rency throughout the whole country. and devotion.t

Money for all practical purposes continues at New Collinson intimates — Not only the town but the environs York without change. Some of the banks will inof Glastonbury, abound with religious reliques. The most crease their discounts upon satisfactory paper-which conspicuous is the Tor or Tower of St. Michael, standing means the paper of parties of known wealth, and in no upon a very high hill, north-eastward from the town. On need of accommodation. The currency of the State this bleak and desolate spot, the Saints Phagunus and Der steadily diminishes, and so far from an improvement the vianus erected a small oratory to the honour of St. Michael

reverse is the case with the money market of the in

terior. • History and Antiquities of Glastonbury, 8vo. 1720, p. 18. + Ib. p. 107:

• History and Antiquities of Somerset, 1791, vol. ii. p. 265.

BORN AT SEA.—Is there any truth in the popularly LONDON COFFEE HOUSES IN SEVENTEENTI CENTURY. received notion that persons · born at sea' have a legal

| The followir.g extracts from the rare weekly periodisettlement in Stepney parish, near London ?

cal entitled Collections for Improvement of Husbandry Birkenhead, Nov. 10.

A. F.

and Trade, conducted by John Houghton, F.R.S., in None, although persons who should be better informed reference to the first establishment of Coffee-houses in seem willing to retain this popularly received notion.' A London, will possibly interest many readers of Current magistrate of the county of Chester having taken it into Notes. The first paper quoted is No. 458, Friday, bis head that such was the law of settlement, sent from May 2, 1701. Chester a wanderer of that description who had been born

Cornhill, Nov. .

J. B. at sea' to Stepney for his future support. The parish early in 1813 moved the Court of King's Bench for a criminal The general use of Coffee by the Arabians and Turks information against him for an ignorant abuse of power ; made it a trade in great towns, and the drinkers required Lord Ellenborough, however, refused the rule, but directed it stronger and stronger, till some would take whole spoonthe overseers to prosecute by indictinent.

fuls of the oil, that swims on the top, as our great drinkers arrive from wine to brandy, and from thence to more burn

ing spirits. Into publick houses where they sold this liquor ODE IN III. NON. JUL. A.D. 1851.

the people would come by hundreds, and among them Iste Servitor Dominæ Latinæ,

strangers would venture, where they learned the custom, Qui pios cives vafer inquinaret,

and carried it to their own countries ; for one Rastall, Fraudibus fisus nimium strophisque

whom I knew, and within these few days I saw, went, in Papicolarum ;

1651, to Leghorn, and there found a Coffee-house.

To the same house of merchandise, where this Rastall Ausus et regnum merus inquilinus, *

was, came, in 1652, Mr. Daniel Edwards, a merchant from Partibus factis, lacerare totum;

Smyrna, where coffee had been used immemorially, and Et, nefas ! sævis triplicis tiaræ

brought with him a Greek servant, named Pasqua, who Tradere malis ;

made his coffee, of which he drank two or three dishes at a Qui Pii Noni phaleratus arte

time, twice or thrice a-day. In that year Edwards came Coccina læna, crepidisque et ostro,

over-land to England, and married the daughter of AlderJam diu gentem nimis insolenter

man Hodges, who lived in Walbrook, and there with deExagitabat;

light they drank coffee together; and this Edwards was

the first I can learn who brought the use of coffee hither, Hoc die mærens phaleris ademtis,

except it was Dr. Harvey, the famous inventor of the cirJure nudatus, positisque plumis,

culation of the blood, who, as some say, did frequently Sensit, at longe meritis minora,

use it. After this, Edwards set up Pasqua as a Coffee-man Verbera legum.

in a shed in the churchyard in St. Michael, Cornhill, which Cedat ex nostris fugitivus oris,

is now a scrivener's brave house, where, having great cusDummodo ex nostris ubicumque mavult ;

tom, the ale sellers petitioned the Lord Mayor against him, Vel petat septem Bahylonis arces

as being no freeman. This made Alderman Hodges join Nocte sepultas.

bis coachman, Bowman, who was free, as Pasqua's partner, Turgidus suras ibi tibiali

and thus Rastall found them in 1654 ; but Pasqua for some Vinctus incedat roseo, geratque

misdemeanour was forced to run the country, and Bowman Pallium tuto, Tyriumque dura

by his trade, and a contribution of one thousand sixpences, Fronte galerum,

turned the shed to a house. Bowman's apprentices were

first, John Painter, then Humphrey, from whose wife I had Turpium secum muliervirorum

this account. Auferat turbam, monialiumque,

How long this drink has been in the world is hard to Ossaque, et ficto vitreas lagenas

say, but the English edition of Tavernier's Travels says it Lacte repletas.

had been in use but twenty years, although the author says Pace sic tandem, bene liberati

six score years. Dr. Beveridge, I am informed, has an Fæce Papana, peragamus ævum,

Arabick book that says a hermite drank it, and called it Et Deum ritu patrio colamus

bun. Omnipotentem.

This is the best history I can learn of the original of
Gloriam Patris chorus angelorum,

Coffee houses.
Filii gentes recinant perennem ;

In another paper, Friday, No. 461, May 23, 1701,
Spiritus Sancti maneat per omne

the writer continues :Gloria sæc'lum !

The use of Coffee has greatly increased the trade of ToHawkshead, July 5, 1851.

D. B. H. bacco and Pipes, Earthen-dishes, Tin-wares, News-papers,

Coals, Candles, Sugar, Tea, Chocolate, and what not ?

lt's probable there are few trades in London that employ * Hispanum plurimi putant, Hibernum nonnulli, alii more houses and pay greater rents. Coffee-houses make vero nostratem. Vide alvov úvárdorov, risum qui moveat, all sorts of people sociable; the rich and the poor meet toapud Dominum Joannem Dalrymple, Mem. tom. 1. p. 203. gether, as also do the learned and unlearned. Arts, merP.

chandize, and all other knowledge are improved, for here would pass for the original; still, painting had done but an inquisitive man, who aims at good learning, may get little towards his independence in old age. He always more in an evening than he shall by books in a month. He spoke with elate pride of his association with Sir may find out such Coffee-houses where men frequent who | Joshua, and was one of those who attended his funeral are studions in such matters as his enquiry tends to, and

al in St. Paul's Cathedral. In 1835, the writer visited he may in a short space gain the pith and marrow of the other's reading and studies. I have heard a worthy friend

him, in a first floor at 20, Hadlow Street, Burton Cresof mine, now departed, who was of good learning, and bad

dcent; his unframed canvases hung about the room, a very good esteem for the Universities, and they for him. | while his wife, in the last stage of dropsy, of vast bulk. say, He did think that Coffee-houses had improved useful | lay senselessly extended on large pillows. When she knowledge, and he spoke in no way of slight to them. They died the writer failed to notice, though often earnestly are both best, but I must confess that he who has been well requested by Pack to visit him: we met frequently at educated in the schools is the fittest man to make good the house of a common friend. Pack had long ceased use of Coffee-houses, and am fearful that too many make to paint, but practised for a maintenance as a chiropodist; ill uses of them. John Houghton, F.R.S.

his appearance, in a man of his age, was at once elegant

and prepossessing, in person erect, tall and thin, nose MICAT INTER OMNES !

aquiline, his hair snow white was long and full, his Collectors of Rare etchings, will doubtless remember black attire, was of the best cloth, glossy and bright; one of a Cat's face,' of no particular merit, but the a black velvet vest, and silk stockings; and his beaver prints are impressions taken from the cover of an old with broad brim of the first quality. He died in 1841, silver tankard that had acquired interest by some former | in the ninety-first year of his age. possessor, and was presented by the distinguished amateur the late Mr. George Baker, laceman, of St. Paul's

THE MAN WHO STOPPED THE KING. Churchyard, to a club of artistic friends, who originally In an old family paper, I find an allusion to some held their meetings at the Coach and Horses, in Castle person designated “The man who stopped the King,' Street, Leicester Square; and later, at Mills's Coffee but no one I have questioned can give me the slightest House, Gerrard Street, Soho. These · Cat's head' im- information. Some reader of Current Notes' may pressions are extremely rare, and were a sort of diploma possibly afford a clue, which I shall be much gratified to the members of the club—a new member had one in learning. presented to him; and on the back of a print, the Shrewsbury, November 6. writer once found the following enumeration of the

• The man who stopped the King' was a cognomen given names and qualities of some few of the persons who | to Robert Sleath, toll-taker at the turn-pike gate, at Wor. constituted this club.

cester, when King George the Third in the summer of 1788, Giuseppe Marchi, Sir Joshua Reynolds' first pupil, visited Bishop Hurd, at Hartlebury. Sleath resolutely he occupied the head of the table, as Lord President. resisted the passing of any one of the King's retinne with

Thomas Hearne, as Vice President; both very regular out payment of the toll, and was constantly afterward in attendance.

recognized by that appellation. He died in Birmingham, George Baker, of St. Paul's Churchyard.

in November, 1805, when his death occasioned the followTassaert, and

ing impromptu :Michael Bryan, both picture dealers.

On Wednesday last, old Robert Sleath,

Pass'd thro' the Turnpike gate of Death : Radcliffe, husband of Mrs. R., authoress of .Udolpho.'

To him, Death would no toll abate,
Pack, an artist.

Who stopped the King at Worster-gate.
Turton [Qu. Trotter, Army-clothier, Soho Square ?]
Milbourne, an artist.

Dictionaries are like watches, the worst is better than Peter Coxe, auctioneer, author of the Social Day.' none, and the best cannot be expected to go quite true. Dickens, Comptroller of Stationary Office.

It is enough that a Dictionary is better than others of John Edmonds, Old Compton Street. (He died in the same kind. A perfect performance of any kind is 1828, at his residence, Queen's Row, Chelsea, and his not to be expected, and certainly not a perfect Dicextensive collection of Engravings and Drawings was tionary.

Dr. Johnson. sold by Christie and Manson.]

Edridge, artist, Margaret Street, Cavendish Square. PORTUGUESE HYMN.-Can you inform me who was Joe Munden, Comedian.

the Composer of the Psalm tune known as the PortuWm. Alexander, Draughtsman at Marlow College, guese Hymn, or · Adesta Fideles'? I have somewhere 1802.

seen it stated to have been the Organist of a chapel in All are gone, and the noise of revelry has ceased. London. The thrill of joy which enhanced the merry meetings of November 9.

Musicus. the social brotherhood has long since been hushed in the The modern version was arranged by Vincent Novello, stillness of the grave. Poor Christopher Pack! the who was formerly Organist at the Portuguese Ambassador's writer knew him well. His portraits in Sir Joshua's Chapel in London ; but who was the original composer has manner were excellent, and his copies of that artist long been an undetermined question.

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wife.

MARK OF WILLIAM GREVEL OF CAMPDEN.

REMARKABLE EPITAPHS. William Grevel, Woolmerchant, of Campden, who

In the Abbey-churchyard, Arbroath, Scotland, is the rebuilt Campden Church, co. Gloucester, lent to King Richard the second two hundred marks, on a promise

Here lyes Grisell West, spous to John Carnegie, doctor of repayment at the ensuing Easter, 1398. He pur

of the Gramer School of Aberbrothock, who departed this chased in the same year, of Sir Walter Beauchamp,

life the 27 of Aprill, and of her age 37 ; haueing brought

forth seuen children, four (three ?] of them [died] before Knt., the manor of Millcote, and obtained a release of

her, to witt, Catherine, Thomas and Catherine Carnegies, the same from William de Peto, Nov. 5, 1398. In

1699. 1400-1, 2 Henry IV., he entailed that estate by fine

Here lyes a wife was chast, a mother blest, on the heirs male of Joan his then wife, sister and

A modest woman, all these in on(e) chest; heir to Sir Philip Thornbury, Knt.; and for want of

Sarah unto her mate, Mary to God, such issue to John and Lodowick, his sons by his first

Martha to men, whilst here she had abode. On a brass in Chipping. Campden Church, are depicted

Near the door of the church, in Kew-churchyard, the effigies of this William Grevel and his first wife,

Surrey. Margaret, in the costume of civilians, under a double Here lyeth the Bodys of Robert and Ann Plaistow, both canopy, the central shaft of which passes between them. of Tyso, near Edgehill in Warwickshire, who died Aug. In the central spandrils of the canopy, this

the 28, 1728. mark occurs; and between the finials of

At Tyso they were born and bred, the canopies and their flanking pinnacles,

And in the same good lives they led, are four shields, each charged with these

Untill they came to marrige state, arms—Sable, on a cross engrailed Or, five

Which was to them most fortunate. pellets within a bordure engrailed of the

Near sixty years of mortal life,

They were a happy man and wife ; second: a mullet of the second in the dexter

And being so by nature tyd : quarter, for difference. The whole has on the verge When one fell sick, the other dy'd; the following inscription —

And both together laid in dust Hic jacet Wilelmus Grevel de Campdene quondam

To wait the rising of the just. Civis London et flos m'cator' lanar' tocius Anglie qui

They had six children born and bred,

And five before them being dead, obiit primo die mens' Octobris Ano dni Millmo cccco. Their only then surviving son primo + Hic jacet Mariona uxor predicti Wilelmi que Hath caus'd this stone for to be done. obiit Decimo die mensis Septembris Anno dni Millmo

In the same place, on William Rowland, who died ccco lxxxo vio. quor' aiābus .....

July 8, 1849, aged 64. Male issue by his second wife Joan failing, he was Here rests a man whose loss all greive, Bucceeded in his estates by his eldest son John, and as For 'twas his pride relief to give an instance of the change in coat armour common at To stern oppressions wrong, to help the right; this period, it is deserving of note, that this Jobn Grevel

To serve a friend with ardour and delight. bore for his arms—Sable, on a cross engrailed within Such Rowland was, for none e'er knew a bordure Or, ten annulets of the first; in the dexter A Man more just, a Friend more true. quarter, a mullet of the second. He was succeeded by ! In Dunfermline churchyard, in Fifeshire, is a stone his son John, who bore the arms without either annulets

inscribed — Here lyes the Corps of Andrew Robertson, or pellets, but retaining the mullet. The arms of the present Deacon of the Weavers in this Burgh, who died Grevilles as now borne by them, are with the pellets, / 13 July, 1745, aged 62. but without the mullet.

On another stone, at Kingsbarns in the same shire, Lee Road, Blackheath, Nov. 2. J. J. HOWARD. is the following, dated 1745.

Lo David Davidson here doth lye,

With Beatrix Walker his wife hard by. LORD High STEWARD.-Can any correspondent of

Contentment (blest them) all their life Current Notes inform me who was the author or editor

Free from the carking cares and strife. of a now very scarce volume, entitled An Historical Dissertation on the Origin, Antiquity, and Functions of At Rattray, in Perthshire, a stone erected by Peter the Lord High Steward of England, with Remarks on Mitchell in 1760, at once records and admonishes : the antient and modern Modes of trying Peers. Printed

Here lays my Father, and our Mother, 1776, 8vo. pp. 156?

My wife, my son, and my two brothers; Warwick, Nov. 10.

J. F.

As for the rest, they are out of deat The author was the Rev. S. N. Russell, assisted by

Mind all to die, or it be too late. his brother, F. Russell.

Brechin, Nov. 5.

A. J.

WILLIS'S CURRENT NOTES.

No. LXXXIV.]

“Takes note of what is done —
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

(DECEMBER, 1857.

SAINTS DAYS OF THE ENGLISI CALENDAR.

PROPOSED JOHNSONIAN MUSEUM. The principle upon which certain festivals of devotion. The recent demolition consequent upon their decayed still retained in the calendar prefixed to the Commion condition, of the buildings on the west-side of Inner Prayer, and usually printed in itatlcs, were selected Temple Lane, involved the house, No. 1, more particufor retention, has not been explained. Many of them larly memorable from the first floor and the attics, evidently indicate names which have been of old pecu- having from 1759 to 1765 been the residence of the liarly honoured in the Church of England: St. Alban, great lexicographer and moralist Dr. Johnson. The the proto-martyr of Britain ; Augustine, the apostle of removal occurring at a time when the Directors of the the English race; Venerable Bede, and King Edward Crystal Palace are fully sensible of the general requirethe Confessor, the early and acknowledged patron of ment on the part of the public for novelties of an England, but in the age of pseudo-chivalry, supplanted instructive and interesting character, they have become by the legendary St. George. Others doubtless were possessed at an almost nominal cost, of the wainscoting chosen for their high station in the earlier ages of the and fittings of Dr. Johnson's chambers, with a view to Church, as St. Ambrose, St. Augustine, St. Martin, and reconstruct the whole contiguous to the Crystal Palace, St. Cyprian; and others from their local celebrity. and by arranging on the panels of the rooms, four in all,

Poor Robin's Almanack presents much that is worthy the best engraved portraits of Dr. Johnson, and of those of consideration. The compiler or editor shews that eminent persons who are known to have frequently the tradition respecting the appropriation of the days visited him; by framing choice autograph letters, and to particular Saints, was considered by the common by depositing in the rooms on their reconstruction, every people as eminently Protestant; that is to say, as a part procurable relique relating to him, and his contempo. and parcel of the Church of England, and that an raries, they aim at establishing an acknowledged record Almanack without saints, for every day was nought. of the past, in what would thus be justly designated the By the statute of 1552, 5 and 6 of King Edward the JOHNSONIAN MUSEUM. The original panelling, the Sixth, cap. 3, the Secular power advanced in aid of the | doors and windows the same, as in Dr. Johnson's time, church. This Act commands the observance of all our now nearly a century since, will be re-crected, and present liturgical festivals, and their non-observance will thus form a veritable restoration of those chainbers, was in no way to be considered as of discretion only, but which were formerly so long occupied by him, and as an absolute breach of the law of the land. The repeopled as it were by authentic portraits of men peculiar sports and observances which early custom and celebrated as the Doctor's associates, men whose esisusage had attached to peculiar days—the dancing around tence is still borne in the generally cherished recollecthe inaypole on the festival of St. Philip and St. James; tions of their countrymen. the bonfires on the feast of the Baptist, and others of According to the suggestions now entertained, the similar application, it is not required to speak, but the public will probably proceed from or near to the present main feature, anterior to the Reformation, was the picture gallery at the north end of the Palace, into the cessation of work and labour upon such festival days; JohnsonIAN MUSEUM; the flooring of both being on the people had thus a time provided to rejoice before a level, and the celebrated Staircase presented by the the Lord,' and the exceptions as defined by the said Act Benchers of the Inner Temple will be available for the show that such was still the spirit of the age; and that immediate descent thence to the grounds of the Palace. those who chose to work were merely permitted to It has also been proposed to deposit in these chambers, labour.

the original editions of all Dr. Johnson's published A third class are Saints, who are simply comme- works; the various biographies of him which have from morated, and it is a fact, hitherto almost unnoticed, that time to time appeared, and copies of the publications these Saints' days now considered as the distinctive in reference to him, or his writings. This suggestion badges of Romanism continued to retain their appro- if completely achieved will institute a valuable assempriated stations in our popular Protestant English blage, and be replete with the highest literary interest. Almanack until the alteration of the style in 1752, Among other embellishments will doubtless be diswhen they were discontinued. By what authority this played busts of Dr. Johnson and others, after Nollekens, change was effected, was not stated, but, possibly the Bacon, and other sculptors. It may also be hoped that books of the Stationers' Company might afford some the possessors of the painted portraits of Dr. Johnson data to solve this mystery.

and his contemporaries, by Reynolds and other eminent VOL. VII.

N

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