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SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS' LOVE LETTERS.

not, for I have writ to nobody. I sailed from Plimouth so Sir Joshua Reynolds was born at Plympton, in De

long agone as May Ilth and am got no further yet than vonshire, July 16, 1723, and having evinced a strong

Port Mahon, but before you shall receive this expect to predilection for the arts, was eventually placed under

be on tother side of the water; I have been kept here the tuition of Thomas Hudson, the leading portrait

near two months by an odd accident, I dont know painter of that day, and who then lived at the house,

whether to call it a lucky one or not, a fall from a horse now Nos. 55 and 56, in Great Queen Street, Lincoln's

down a precipice, which cut my face in such a manner Inn Fields. Reynolds arrived in London on Saturday,

as confined me to my room, so that I was forced to have October 13, 1740, and commenced being Hudson's

recourse to painting as an amusement at first i have pupil on St. Luke's day, the 18th of that month.

now finished as many portraits as will come to a hunIn August, 1743, from some disagreement with

dred pounds the unlucky part of the Question is my Hudson, we find Reynolds had returned homeward, and

lips are spoiled for kissing for my upper lip was so was pursuing a very uncertain course, till the Decem

bruised that a great peice was cut off * and the rest ber of the following year, 1744, when Reynolds was

that I have but a - to look at, but in wont again in London, reconciled in all matters of dispute

perceive the defect. So far it has been tour to me with Hudson, and progressing in his studies as an artist.

that can — When we were at sea I amused myself The decease of his father, on December 25, 1746, ap

with reading, and made use of a well chosen library of pears to have summoned him from the metropolis, and,

Books which belonged to the Commodore. I was all. upon the family having upon that event to quit what

ways in his Cabbin, and drank with him, so that the had been to them almost a family mansion, Reynolds

voyage did not cost me any thing. There will be the established himself at Plymouth dock, now Devonport,

more mony you know to spend at the Jubilec. Whenand occasionally resided there with his two unmarried

ever the Commodore went a shore at Cadiz Lisbon Gibsisters, for he at the same time occupied the house,

ralter he allways took me with him, and even when he No. 103, St. Martin's Lane, nearly opposite to May's

waited upon the Day or King of Algiers I went with Buildings, that had been formerly the residence of Sir

him and have had the honour of shaking him by the James Thornbill, and by whom the staircase had been

hand several times, he Introduced me likewise to the painted with figures, which are still there.

Governour here General Blackney in so strong a manMalone observes, After spending a few more years in

ner that the Governour insisted on my not being at any the practice of painting, partly in London, and partly in

expence whilst I was upon the island but to eat at his Devonshire, where many of his early essays yet remain,

house and ordered his secretary to provide me a lodging. he became acquainted with the late Lord Edgecumbe,

You may imagine I spend my time very agreably, here and Captain, afterwards Lord Keppel. by each of whom are about thirty English ladies Balls continually at the he was warmly patronised, and the latter being ordered

Generals, and on board the ships. to cruise in the Mediterranean, Reynolds embraced the opportunity which his kindness proffered, and he accompanied him thither, sailing from Plymouth on May This accident explains the cause of the apparent hare11, 1749. In the course of their voyage, during which lip on the right side which is depicted in all the portraits he had accommodation in the Captain's ship, the Cen- of Reynolds. The dashes in this letter are hiatuses in the turion, they touched at Algiers, Gibraltar, Cadiz, Lis-original; a small portion, where the folding bad broken bon, and Minorca ; and after spending about two and weakened the paper, having been torn off and lost, months in Port-Mahon, the principal town of that and no letters, even in part, remained to suggest the deisland, he sailed, in December, to Leghorn, from which fective words. place he proceeded to Rome. *

His visit to Italy was productive of another untoward During Reynolds' sojourn with Hudson in Great

Hudson in Croat result. His deafness was occasioned by a cold taken in the

Vatican, while painting for a long time near a stove, by Queen Street, he appears to have become acquainted

which the damp vapours of that edifice were attracted, and with a Miss Weston, who, with her mother, resided in

affected his head. When in company with only one person, the same street; and to her the following letters, which he heard very well without the aid of a trumpet, but from fill up an hiatus in his biography, were severally ad the time of his returning from Italy he contrived, by the dressed — To Miss Weston, In Great Queen Street, aid of an ear-trumpet, to partake, with great facility and Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. The orthography of the address, of the conversation of his friends, and such was originals is strictly retained.

the placidness of his temper, that what he did not hear he [Mahon,] December 0. S. 10th, 1749.

never troubled those with whom he conversed to repeat.

Goldsmith, in the last lines he ever wrote, ere his hand iss Weston, My memory is so bad that I vow failed to wield the pen, most characteristically said of ReyI dont remember whether or no I writ you about my ex nolds — pedition before I left England, since, I am sure I have

To coxcombs averse, yet most civilly steering,

When they judg'd, without skill, he was still hard of hearing; * Some Account, etc. prefixed to Reynolds' Works, 1797, when they talked of their Raffaelle's, Corregios, and stuff, 4to. Vol. I. p. ix.

| He shifted his trumpet, and only took snuff.

When I am settled at Rome I will write to you again and from thence to Paris seeing every thing between to let you know how to direct to me in the mean time those two places that are worth seeing going now and I shall be much obliged to you if you will call and see then a little out of the direct Road and from thence to that my Goods are safe and not spoiling I would write England or perhaps we shall go to Antwerp first. I am to him who has then could I think of his name I not in jest now but good earnest and wish they would should be glad if you had a spare place in your garret really think of it Mr. Dalton will acquaint them with that could they be at your house

the time such a journey will take and the Expence, and From your slave

the most expeditious way of travelling, I dont think J. REYNOLDS. they need be out of England above a year I wish them

a good journey if they will write me when they set P.S. My compliments to Mr. Charlton and Mr.

:) out I will come as far as Florence to meet them. Wilks* I hear the whole world is to be at the Jubilee

I send me all the news you know, not forgetting to say I hope to see Mr. Charlton at least there—At Lisbon I saw a Bull fight and another at Cadiz, which will sui

V something about my Goods

I am My Dear Miss Weston, be the subject of many conversations hereafter.

Yours J. REYNOLDS. Two letters which Reynolds addressed to Miss

P.S. Dont forget to remember me to Mrs. Sutherland, Weston, after his arrival in Rome, seem never to have

Mr. Hart, and Mr. Price if you ever see them and the

Mr. Pines not forgetting the little girl at Westminster reached her.

by the Park. write me immediately by the first post Dear Miss Weston, I wonder I have not receiv'd an Mr. Dalton will tell you how to direct. Answer to all the Letters I have sent you this is the third from Rome and one before from Mahon I suppose they

idiot daughter, by Sir William Daniel, Astley inherited have all miscarried so I take this opportunity of sending

the whole of the Cheshire estates, estimated at 50001. per

annum. With this accession of fortune he purchased one by my good Friend Mr. Dalton and a Worthy man

Schomberg House, in Pall Mall, and divided it into three, he is, I hope he will deliver this himself that you may retainiug the centre for himself. A contemporary has be acquainted and when I return we shall have many thus described him :agreeable jaunts together.

Nature in her wantonness had moulded his proportions I shall set out from Rome iminediately after the like another Antinous, but left his understanding halfnext Lent or Carnival, Give my service to Mr. Charl- feathered ; his vanity raised a vapour in his mind, which ton and Mr. Wilks and tell then that if it was possible hid him from himself; he courted an eleemosynary fame, to give them an idea of what is to be seen here, the which led him to imagine that the exterior of decorum remains of Antiquity, the Sculpture, Paintings, Archi rendered moral sentiment unnecessary. He thought that tecture, &c. they would think it worth while, nay they

every advantage in civil society was compounded in women would break through all obstacles and set out immee

and wine; and, acting up to this principle of bliss, he gave diately for Rome, then the Carnival of which I have

his body to Euphrosyne, and his intellects to madness. He

was as ostentatious as the Peacock, and as amorous as the heard so much that I am resolved to stay here to see

Persian Sophi. Ile would never stir abroad without his the next which they say will exceed all the former since bag and his sword, and when the beauties of lerne sat to there has been none this Jubile or Holy year so the him for their portraits, he would affect to neglect the usual next they [say] will make up for the old and the new. implements of his art, and use his unsheathed sword as a If they would set out so as to be here a Month or two maul-stick. Yet what did all this prove but a stronger before the Carnival after which Ashley † and I will ac desire to appear singular than wise. An honourable amcompany them (as we intend to do otherwise) to Venice

bition is unconnected with the views of arrogance, and the practice of such ordinary pride ouly argues a disposition in

the doer to exbibit the weakest points of our nature ! He * John Wilkes, of Middlesex political notoriety.

had a harem and a bath at the top of his house, replete † John Astley, born at Wem, in Shropshire, the son of a with every auxiliary and blandishment to awaken desire, medical practitioner, was placed by his father under Hud- and he thus lived, jocund aud thoughtless, until his nerres son's tuition ; how long he remained there is uncertain, but were unstrung by age, when, with his animal powers, his on quitting Hudson he went to Rome, where he and Rey. spirits decayed, he sighed when too late, and drooped into nolds met. He was one of the Extraordinaries of his time. | eternity! On his return to England, after a few months stay in Lon- In the decline of his life he appeared to be harassed by don, he went to Dublin, and in about three years acquired reflections upon his dissipated conduct, and when near his by his pencil three thousand pounds. Again returning to end was not without apprehensions of being reduced to England, he travelled in bis own chaise, with an outrider, indigence and want. He died at his house, Duckenfield and was painting bis way on to London, when, visiting Lodge, Tabley, Cheshire, November 14, 1787, and was with another gentleman Knutsford Assembly, Lady Duck- / buried in the church of that village. enfield Daniel, then present, was so struck with his fine After Astley's decease Dr. Graham exhibited, in Pall Mall, gentlemanly appearance that she contrived to sit to him for the delusive wonders of his Celestial Bed; Mrs. Siddons' her portrait, and proffered him in marriage the original, sister, Mrs. Curtis, representing the Paphian goddess. which he wisely accepted. They were married in January, Messrs. Payne and Foss, booksellers, more recently were 1760, but she soon after died, and after the decease of ber | the tenants of the same portion of Schomberg House.

The Mr. Pines' here noticed were John Pine, the land till the next year, 1752, and then became the celebrated engraver of · Pine's Horace,' and his two tenant of the house, No. 5, in Great Newport Street.* sons, Robert Edge Pine, the painter, and Simon Pine, Opposite to him resided the two Miss Cotterells, daughdistinguished as a miniature painter. They resided in ters of Admiral Cotterell, with whom Reynolds was the large house that stood on the site of the houses now soon on visiting terms. Here, one evening, Johnson, numbered 88 and 89, in St. Martin's Lane, and were who was also intimate with them, happened to be thus Reynolds' neiglıbours and brother-artists.

present with Reynolds, when the ladies were regretting To the preceding letter Miss Weston replied, greatly the death of a friend, to whom they owed great obligato Reynolds' satisfaction. The affair of the Westmin tion ; upon which Reynolds observed You have, howster girl, by the Park,' is involved in a now probably ever, the comfort of being relieved from the burden of impenetrable mystery.

gratitude.' They were somewhat shocked at this alRome, April 30, 1751.

leviating suggestion as too selfish; but Johnson, in his Dear Miss Weston, Your letter I receivid with a great clear forcible manner defended it, and was much pleased of pleasure and as tis increasing a pleasure to communi- with the mind, the fair views of human nature which, cate it. I read it to a great many English that were at

like some of the Reflections of Rochefoucault, it exhithe Coffee house but without mentioning the writer (tho

bited. The consequence was that on leaving, he went if I had, it would have been much to your honour) for

home with Reynolds, supped with him, and the peryou must know when a letter comes from England we

sonal friendship from that night commenced which conare all impatient to hear news, and indeed your Letter

tinued during their lives. was full of it, and however it happend every person took

Wholly occupied in his profession, or in his hours of the same pleasure in it as my self Mr. Lovelace Mrs. relaxation enjoying a social intercourse with men disPine were known to most of the painters, others knew tinguished in society, the married life wou! Miss Hambleton and others Mr. More, others Miss have failed in proffering any inducement to Reynolds Gunnings indeed their fames had reached here some

to disturb the even quiet tenor of his every day career. time agone. But nobody but me knew the westminster

He seems to have stood aloof from all temptation, and Girl a lack a lack she has been brought to bed and tis the instance of Miss Weston appears to have been, on a fine Chumning boy but who is Lord John? well who her part, one of misplaced affection. She, it would would have thought it oh the nasty creature to have seem, lived on neglected by him, and unconsoled. Sir to do with a man. I am sorry you have been at the Joshua Reynolds died Feb. 23, 1792, when the partiexpence of paying for my Goods I shall take care to

culars which are known respecting her, soon after repay you with thanks when I return which will be transpired, and may be thus told. infallibly this year we set out in about two months In the vicinity of Fulham resided an elderly lady, of time and take the tour of Venice and through Germany

elegant manners, but very poor. Her deportment and and let France alone till next year since it lies so near

language were such as to induce many enquiries as to England that I can take a there in a summer and back

her real name and progress in life, to all which she was again my fellow traveller is Mr. Ashley who lived silent. At length age, sickness, and want brought her with Mr. Hudson

to her death-bed, and she experienced the kindest atWe are all extremely afflicted for the loss of the tentions from a particular family in that neighbourPrince of Whales* who certainly would have been a hood. The repetition of these kindnesses induced her, great Patron to Painters as he already was to Mr. I in her dying state, in answer to these enquiries, to make Dalton I feel an additional sorrow on his account the following declaration - I have been well educated beg my compliments to him particularly and to all / and tenderly reared. It was my misfortune in the friends. I cannot form to myself any idea of a person early part of my life to be considered as handsome, more miserable than the Princess of whales must be, I and I became the toast of the hour; many young gendeprived at once of a Husband she loved and with him tlemen paid their addresses to me, but without the all thoughts of ambition, Adiu I will not desire you to desired effect, as I had fixed my virgin predilections on write any Answer to this Letter because I shall remove a gentleman who, by the suavity of his manners, and from Rome to Florence and other parts of Italy so that the force of his accomplishments, became the point of you wont know where to direct, but I shall not for this

admiration in those circles in which I then moved, and reason neglect writing to you

I was inclined to believe that our passion was mutual, Remember me to mama

but, alas! how egregiously, how fatally was I deceived ! Yours J. REYNOLDS.

| but let me not bear too heavily upon his memory, for

he is now no more--who he was, and what I am, you Reynolds, notwithstanding his purposing infallibly', may know when I die, if you have the curiosity to to set out in two months time, did not return to Eng- examine the contents of that trunk, which certainly

contains but little of any value to you ; though I have * Frederick, Prince of Wales, father of King George the Third, died at Leicester House, Leicester Square, March 20, 1751.

• Reynolds' rooms are now Rutley's Picture Galleries.

ever considered it as my ark, which inclosed the covenant between the idol of my mind and my weak heart. All I have now to entreat of you is, that in addition to your various and unmerited attentions towards me, you will not suffer iny remains to be interred at the expense of the parish. I am not assured that, at such a crisis, this sort of pride is philosophic; but, if it is folly, pity, and indulge me.' In a few hours more she ceased to breathe, and her request was minutely complied with. The trunk she had referred to was unlocked, and the letters from Reynolds addressed to her were then found. They are now before the reader, who may rest assured of their reality.

Fertur, ut, cum jam moritura sensit,
Bis statim senos pia convocarit,
Utque bis seni tumulo decenter

Ossa locarint.
Fertur, ut, solis rutili ter orta
Luce desertum fuerit sepulcrum,
Vivaque in cælos ierit resumpto

Corpore sancto!
Ut solum flores, modo qua jacebat
Corpus intactum, niveos videri
Miserit densos, et odore suavi

Lilia blanda !
Utque Reginæ fidibus canoris
Gloriam et laudes super astra vectæ
Turba coelestis celebrarit omnis

Nocte dieque !
Tota gens ortum trahit hinc pudicum
Visa non ulli prius orbe toto,
Purior pura nive Liliorum,

Teste Neandro !
Hawkshead, Oct. 12.

D. B. H.

LILIORUM ORTUS. Mary was no longer upon the earth; the Apostles had buried her with becoming rites. The third day the tomb was open-it was empty, and instead of the pure and fragrant body, there was a growth of lilies upon the earth which she had touched, and angelic choirs, with glad voices, were heard singing day and night the glories of their risen Queen. J. H. NEANDER,

Rumor it velox Asiæ per urbes,
It per Europæ populos, Mariæ
Spiritum Sanctæ petiisse nuper

Atria coeli.
Protinus mira pietate ducti,
Evolant Sancti peregre frequentes,
Matris ut visant tumulum Beatæ

Reliquiasque.
Plurimi attrito properant gerentes
Perulam collo, baculoque nixi
Dirigunt gressus, pedibusque signant

Devia nudis.
Hi petunt arces Solymæ remotas
Qua domum fertur posuisse Virgo
Mater, et late loca multa circum

Davidis urbem.
Insuper vastos alii pererrant
Græciæ campos, Ephesumque, et omnes
Permeant terras ubicumque visa est

Sancta Maria.
Attamen nusquam reperitur almæ
Virginis corpus, cinis, aut sepulcrum;
Nullaque in terris monumenta restant

Reliquiarum.
Tunc suos omnes graviter viarum
Tædio fessi repetunt penates,
Et pie spectant dubiæ futura

Lumina menti.
Nuncius tandem bencolentis Euri
Flatibus latus venit Occidentem
Versus; et pectus tremulum repente

Gaudia complent.

ORIGIN OF THE WORD FLETA. In Brooke's Bibliotheca Legum Angliæ is embodied a general account of Laws and Law-writers; among them under King Edward the First is noticed-Fletà, seu Commentarius Juris Anglicani. It is described as a general treatise of the Law, in the method of Bracton, defining the alterations in the practice, not much later than 1285, the 13th of this King, as appears to be well established by Selden in his learned Dissertation (cap. 10, s. 2) prefixed to the printed copies of this work, although by Lord Coke and others it has been held to be of a somewhat later date. Brooke states—the title, as the author informs his readers, was adopted from the circumstance of the book having been composed while he was a prisoner in the Fleet. Selden published the work in 1647, from the only known manuscript, then in the Cottonian library; but as the author is wholly unknown, some doubts have arisen as to the above assertion respecting the origin of the word Fleta, which may be a corrupt phrase caused in the following manner.

The double For Ff is used in law books to signify Digestum, the Ff being in fact no other than a corruption or error of the copyists, and by them substituted for the D of the German Text, or of the Court-hand, the initial of Digestum. Hence the first letter of the word Fleta to signify Digestum. The fourth letter, that is to say the t, was originally the rectangular g, and the stroke at the bottom being obliterated or obscure, the remainder would resemble the Greek Gamma or r, which the copyist might mistake for a T. Restoring the whole on these assumptions it would read thus Ff. LEG. A., implying Digestum Legum Anglie, which, the Tract being a Digest of the Laws of England, is its proper title.

[graphic]

DERIVATION OF INDIAN NAMES OF PLACES. I PRICES OF PRAYER BOOKS, TEMP. EDWARD VI. The words Poor or Pore which terminate the names

Richard Grafton printed in 1552, in folio, “The of so many Indian cities and settlements, signify town. Bole of

nts, signiy town. Boke of Common Praier and Administration of the Thus Nagpore means the Town of Serpents-a defi

Sacramentes and other Rites and Ceremonies in the nition, by the way, not inappropriate when we reflect 1 ci

Churche of Englande;" and at the end is the following on the treacherous character of the Sepoys, by whom it

intimation : was so recently garrisoned. Abad and patam, have also the same signification

This Booke is truly and diligently imprinted. Hyderabad, implying Hyder's town; and Seringapatam,

[ THE PRICES THEREOF. from Sreringa, a name of the god Vishnoo, being the The Imprynter to sell this Booke in quires for two shil. town of Sreringa. Allahabad, from Allah, God, and lynges and sixepence and not above; bound in Parcheabad, abode, means the abode of God, that city being mente, or Forell, for three shillinges and fourepence, and the capital of Agra, the chief school of the Brahmins, not aboue ; and bounde in Lether, in paper bordes, or and as such much resorted to by pilgrims. The Punjab claspes, for foure shillynges and not aboue. And at the is the country of the Five Rivers, and Doab is applied nexte Impression the Imprynter leauying out the fourmes to that part of a country which is between two rivers.

of making and consecratyng of Archebishoppes, Bisshoppes,

Priestes and Deacons, shal sel the said Booke in quires, for MANUFACTURE OF GLASS BY THE CHINESE.

two shillynges, and not aboue. And bound in Forel, for

two shillynges and eight pence, and not aboue ; and bound Delighted as my family, with many thousands more in Lether, in paste bordes, or claspes, for thre shillynges and were, with all that was displayed at the Treasures of foure pence, and not aboue. Art Exhibition, it was noticed that among the many tine specimens of Venetian Glass, there were none of the Chinese manufacture, nor have I seen any else

CRUX GRAMMATICORUM. where; may I ask how this happens, for of the porce- The Rev. John Dickes, rector of the parish of Dunlain of the choicest description there was no lack ? kerton, a village four miles from Bath, died in 1634, Manchester, Oct. 15.

CestrieNSIS.

when the following epitaph was inscribed to his memory. The manufacture of glass was not known to the Chinese, till early in the last century, and China-ware or porcelain

Hic, hæc, hoc, hujus, huic, hunc bonus, optima, clarum, serves for all domestic and ornamental uses throughout the Fulgor, Fama, Decus, vestit, adhæret, erit vast empire of China. Jolin Bell of Antermony, then in | Mente, anima, oh! requiem vivens AIEKAETOS ille the service of Peter the First, in his admirable account of Carpsit honore sacro, jam super astra manet. the Journey of the Russian Embassy from Petersburgh to Pekin, in 1720, furnishes the most satisfactory evidence

This sentence, a grammatical puzzle, may be thus on this point. The details are in the form of a journal, translated – and under the date of December 12, are thus narrated. Good renown clothed him; best fame adhered ; We were conducted to the Emperor's glass house (nt

Unspotted will be his credit, both in mind and soul; Pekin), which his Imperial Majesty [Kamhi] often visits

Living he was God's friend ; in sacred honour with pleasure. It was erected by himself, and is the first

Rest he obtained, and lives above the stars. manufactory of the kind that ever was in China. The person employed to superintend and carry on this design was Kilian Stumpff, a German father, lately deceased, a man in great favour with the Emperor, and well known

Nelly O'Brien.- Among the Marquis of Hertford's in China for his ingenuity and literature. His Majesty is

Pictures, exhibited, with other Treasures of Art, at so fond of this glass-work, that he sent several of the most Manchester, the whole length portrait of Nelly O'Brien curious of its productions as a present to his Czarish held a deservedly grand position, and excited the most Majesty. It is surprising that the Chinese, who have been | intense admiration. She was what the world terms .a constantly employed for so many ages in the manufacture Courtesan,' and Reynolds painted this magnificent and of China-ware, should never bave stumbled upon that of enduring specimen of his professional skill in 1760. glass. This shows evidently, that the degree of hent re- | He painted another, a half-length, in 1763. She died quired in their ovens cannot be very great, or their ma- ' in Park Street. Grosvenor Syuare, in March, 1768, terials must be free from sand; for it is certain they had when possibly what effects she possessed were broadly no knowledge of glass of any kind till this house was erected. I was informed, that not long ago, some Europeans

dispersed, as, strange to say, in the same year that brought to Canton a parcel of prisms, or triangular glasses,

Boydell paid Reynolds five hundred guineas for his Carwhich the Chinese took for natural productions of rock

dinal Beaufort, this fine painting of Nelly was sold in crystal, and bought them at the price of one bundred ounces Christie's Rooms for only three guineas ! of silver a-piece, but from the great number imported, they soon discovered their mistake.

| Thomas Crawford, Sculptor, Rome; a native of New Charles Hulbert, Esq., author of the History of York; died in the morning of Saturday, the 10th inst., Salop, died on the 7th inst. at Hadnall, near Shrewsbury. ) in London.

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