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EPITAPH IN LIMERICK CATHEDRAL. | At the top are the arms of the Burgate family, In my copy of Ferrar's History of Limerick, with

Limerick with which I copied at the time; but the sketch being mis

Ch? Co maps and plates, Limerick, 1787, 8vo. at p. 156, the laid, I am unable

56. the / laid, I am unable at present to supply it. Epitaph given by J. W. S. in Current Notes, p. 57,

1642. from a transcript by Mr. David Mahony, Writing Tertia lux cæsos memorat Septembris in anno Master, is thus noticed —

Quem legis, heu ! nondum tres tenet urna senes.

Marte nepos fratresque ruunt tria pignora justo : In the wall of the chapter-room is fixed the following

Jus patriæ causam Rexque, Fidesque probant. old inscription, in monkish verse greatly abbreviated.

Integer attritis reperitur candor in extis
Hic jacet in tumuli fundo,

Virginis, et veri purpura martyrii.
Sublatus a mundo,

Lilia purpureos inter sudantia fluctus
Galfridus Arthurie,

Tres meruere trium nomina marmor habe.
Thesaurarius quondam istius ecclesie,

Fratres, Georg.
Decima sexta luce Maya,

Edvard. (Burgate.
Requiescit in pace perpetua.

Nepos, Alex. )
A, D. 1519.
Hawkshead, Sept. 7.

D. B. H. There is another line on the stone relative to singing requiems to his soul ; but antiquarians are not agreed in the explanation of it.

KENT AND SURREY ARCHÆOLOGY. Notwithstanding the very ingenious elucidation' by Mr. David Mahony, writing master, by the inter

The Surrey Archæological Society, established in change of A and S, C and T, S and the Arabic numeral

1854, has so far progressed that it now numbers 470 8, etc., this epitaph does not contain one syllable with

names of persons of the highest distinguished and rerespect to singing requiems. By the bye, when

spectable character, seventy of whom are Life Members. were Arabic numerals first carved on Monuments ?

Periodical Meetings are held in various parts of the This is a question worthy of solution. As to the epi

County, and the papers then read are printed and gra

tuitously distributed to the Members. These associataph itself, the only rhyming lines in it are the first

tions excite considerable interest, and induce the desired and the last.

exhibitions of local antiquities, which facilities are HIC IAC' I TUMULI PUDO ABLATO A MUVO, gratifying to the possessors, and highly advantageous to GALFRID' ART' VICARI' Q'ND' ISTI ECCLIE. archæological enquiries. Excavations have also been XVI LUCE MAYE REQ' VIT I PACE PPTUA, made by direction of the Society with the most beneANO ICAR' DNI MCCCXIX.

ficial results. IN CUI AIES CAVE Q DICAS PR E AVE.

While each of the neighbouring Counties of Sussex,

Surrey, Middlesex, and Essex have their Archæological Or in words in full length :

Society, Kent has none-Kent, teeming with antiHic jacet in tumuli fundo ablatus a mundo,

quarian remains of the Roman, Saxon, Norman, and Galfridus Arter, vicarius quondam istius ecclesie. every other era of the past, so that there are relics to be XVI. luce Maye requievit in pace perpetua, found in almost every subdivision of the County; and Anno incarnationis Domini MCCCXIX.

while the harvest is represented to be abundantly proIn cujus anime Salutem cave quod dicas Pater et Ave. lific, labourers, by some unaccountable neglect, appear

As to the Latinity: 'in tumuli fundo’ is rather un to be few and far between; thus, were there no other common even in ancient epitaphs; not quite so strange,

| inducement, it might be most hopefully advanced that however, as —

Kent greatly needs a representative—the County His

tories are replete with errors and inconclusive stateHac sunt in fossa Bedæ Venerabilis ossa.

ments; even Hasted is insufficient and meagre in that Istius' for “hujus' occurs very frequently in such archæological effulgence which is widely spreading its compositions. In the last line, cave quod dicas' light amid the antiquarian enquiries of our time. The should have been cave ut dicas,' be careful to say, as Chapter libraries of Canterbury and Rochester, and in Cicero, Off. I. 39. See Sanctii Minerva, IV., 15, 29. many of the private collections in the County, contain

When Mr. David Mahony, writing master, had been much valuable information hitherto unexplored; while occupied in deciphering the last line, the seventh verse the ancient laws of Romney Marsh, the History of of the ninety-eighth Psalm was doubtless running in Gavelkind, the peculiar immunities and customs of the his head : In tubis ductilibus,' etc.

Cinque Ports, and many other points of equally great Ferrar, at p. 447, inserts, but incorrectly, another importance, proffer most desirable evidence and illuscurious epitaph. It is extant in the ruins of the church trations of early history, local customs and manners, of St. Peter and St. Paul, at Kilmallock, and is very and civil political economy. The ecclesiastical antiquities, legible. During the Cork Exhibition, I visited Kil with the baronial and other mansions in Kent, unsurmallock and its neighbourhood, this epitaph being a passed in number and variety in any of the other English particular object. The following is a correct copy. Counties, are in themselves a source of inexhaustible

interest and research. Enough having been thus stated

BLINCKARNE GRANT OF ARMS. that Kent possesses ample materials for the co-operations To All and Singuler, unto whom these presents shall of a Society, it has been proposed to constitute in con-come, Sir Edward Walker, Knight, Garter Principall junction with that existing for Surrey, an extension of King of Armes of Englishmen, sendeth greeting. Kentish members competent to undertake such labours, hath been an ancient practice in all well governed

It and that such amalgamation should be immediately

e kingdomes and comonwealths to distinguish the Coneffected, thus avoiding the delay, trouble, uncertainty,

Xoditions and Degrees of men by markes and signes of and cost attendant on the formation of new Societies,

* | Honour called Armes, such being the outward demonand securing of all other incidents the most important,

strations of the inward worth of the bearers either the advantage of greatly diminished charges of working

atcheived by their valour in the times of Warr, or by expenses.

their virtuous endeavours in the times of Peace, and The Council of the Surrey Society have energetically

whereas Thomas BLINCKARNE of Chiselhurst, in the proffered every facility to an enlargement of their body,

County of Kent, sonne of GEORGE BLINCKARNE of by a junction with the Nobility, Clergy, and Gentlemen of Kent, the Rules being modified and the title altered

Holbech, in the County of Lincolne; and grandchild of

GEORGE BLINCKARNE, servant to the late Queene to —- The Surrey and Kent Archæological Society.

Elizabeth of blessed memory, did from the beginning Many distinguished persons have already expressed their concurrence; lists of these names, with the Rules,

of the late unhappy divisions actively imploy himself in

asserting the juste cause of his late Majesty, King may be obtained on application to Mr. George Bish Webb, Honorary Secretary, 6, Southampton Street,

Charles the First, of ever blessed and glorious memory,

who had soe great a confidence in his Loyalty and Strand, London, W. C.

fidelity, as that with his own hand Hee put him in

the Commission of Array for the Cittyes of London Fonts IN CHURCHES.—Whence their origin, and and Westminster, which was sent from Oxford to Lonwhen were they introduced into Churches ?

don, and ordered to be delivered to him; upon the Winchelsea, September 6.

M. R. discovery of which, hee was condemned to dye, by a Bishop Sparrow observes, What the Font is everybody Councell of Warre, at the same time with Mr. Tomkins knows, but not why it is so called. The rites of Baptism and Mr. Challoner, and with great difficulty escaped, in the first times were performed in fountains and rivers, Soe that for his exemplar loyalty and sufferings hee both because their converts were many, and because those justly deserves to have such Armes assigned him as ages were unprovided of other baptisteries : we have no may bee properly borne for the honours of himself and other remainder of this rite but the name. Hence it is that his posterity. Know yee therefore that the said Sir we call our baptisteries fonts; which when religion found Edward Walker, Knight, Garter Principall King of peace, were built and consecrated for the more reverence Arm

Armes, by the power and authority annexed unto my and respect of the sacrament. These were set, at first, L. some distance from the church ; after, in the church porch, 19

* office by the Statutes of the most noble Order of the and that significantly, because Baptism is the entrance into Carter, and connrmed unto me by letters patents under the Church mystical, as the porch to the Temple. Later, the great seale of England, Doe by these presents give, they got into the church, but not into every but tak grant and assigne unto the said Thomas BLINCKARNE MOTHER CHURCH, because it gave spiritual birth by Bap and the heires and descendants of his body for ever, the tism; afterward, they were brought into rural churches, Coate of Armes and Crest hereafter mentioned, viz, but wheresoever they stood, they were held in high venera Gules, on a Cross ingrayled voided Or, a Crown Im

periall; and for his Crest upon an Helmett proper,

mantled Gules, doubled Argent, and wreath of his WRECK OF THE ROYAL GEORGE.

colours, a Demy-Lion Or, holding a Crosse ingrayled N. J. will find the lines quoted by Mr. Bellew, in the Gules, as in the margent more lively is depicted. The London Magazine, for March, 1820, p. 296, under the w

which Armes and Creast the said THOMAS BLINCKtitle of The Contrast; written under Windsor Terrace,

ARNE and the heires and descendants of his body lawFeb. 19, 1820;' and signed H.

fully begotten for ever (bearing their due and proper Oxford, September 12.


differences) may and shall lawfully at all times and

upon all occasions use, beare, and sett forth in shield, N. J. who requests to know whence is derived the

coat armour, pennon, seale or otherwise (according to couplet quoted in Current Notes, p. 68, is referred to the the law and practice of Armes) without the lett, interPoetry at the end of the Annual Register, 1820, p. ruption, dispute or contradiction of any person whomso1389, where he will find the poem ; it is entitled “The

ever. In Witnesse whereof I have hereunto subscribed Contrast,' and bears the signature H.

my name and affixed the seale of my Office this third Scarlets, Maidenhead. C. R. LITTLEDALE.

day of March, in the sixteenth yeare of the reigne of our

Soveraigne Lord Charles the Second by the grace of FELLOWSHIP. Can a widower be elected to a Fellow- God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, ship at the Universities ?

S. O. defender of the Faith, Annoq. Dni. 1663.

Edw. WALKER, Garter.



Faculty of Advocates, contains a very remarkable St. Augustine, on landing in England to convert or paper which

or paper which affords direct evidence, were any required, pervert the Britons to popery, met with anything but a

to substantiate the accusations made a century before friendly reception, and so those of the Romish church,

hshurch | by Sir Anthony Weldon, as to the filthy condition of when speaking disrespectfully of the English, asserted. | the Scottish capital; they were in fact but too well that in consequence of the treatment that saintly minion

founded. Edinburgh for nearly a century after conof the Pope encountered, the natives of this country

tinued to be as distinguished for its want of cleanliness, were miraculously subjected to the punishment of wear

as it had been in the time of king James the Sapient ing tails, and that the tail became an heir-loom.

and Sext;' and it seems to have escaped recognition by Another story relates that Sir Robert de Broc, one of

the Historians of Edinburgh that after the Restoration, the murderers of Thomas a'Becket, cut off the tail of

two criminal prosecutions were instituted against the the archbishop's horse, for which he was excommu

Magistrates for not cleansing the streets of the metronicated; and the assassins and their abettors were

polis. No proceedings followed as the suit appears to cursed with Tails. These indignities were the common

have been deserted. No doubt liberal promises of rereviling of the enemies of the English on the continent,

formation had been made by the Civic rulers which the and who on most occasions affected to make disreputable

filthy habits of the inhabitants would render somewhat allusions to our want of national courage.

difficult to accomplish. The sixth crusade against the infidel Saracens was

The paper is entitled -- Overture for Cleansing the undertaken by St. Louis, in 1250, and after the capture

Streets, by Sir Alexander Brand. It states — of Damietta, Louis resolved to march on the capital of Seeing the nobility and gentry of Scotland are, when Egypt. The crusaders were delayed for some time at

they are abroad, esteemed by all nations to be the finest the Achnoun canal, until a ford was discovered, when

and most accomplished people in Europe, yet it is to be the passage was immediately effected by the impetuous

regretted that it is always casted up to them by strangers, Count d'Artois, at the head of fourteen hundred knights,

who admire them for their singular qualifications, that they including the Templars and Hospitallers, with William

are boru in a nation that has the nastiest cities in the world,

especially the metropolitan. For remeid of which, it is Longespé, Sir Robert de Vere, Sir Alexander Giffard,

humbly proposed to his Grace, his Majesty's High Commisand their followers,

sioner, and the right honourable the Estates of Parliament, The Count d'Artois advised an immediate attack on that if the magistrates will give a tack of the whole muck Mansoura ; the master of the Templars and Longespé, of Edinburgh for a certain number of years, as they did with a better discernment of the danger, remonstrated, some time ago, at 500 lib. sterling a-year, the proposer will more particularly as the main body had not arrived. find sufficient cantion [security) that he will cause the Matthew Paris narrates a very animated account of whole streets, closes, courts, and turnpykes within Edinburgh this council of war, with the contemptuous and arrogant

to be paddeled and swept clean every morning, so that no conduct of Artois. He observes—Taking the word out

nastiness nor glar shall be seen anywhere within the city, of Longespé's mouth, thundering and indecently swear

but shall be carried by carts without the city, upon the ing after the French fashion, he repeated those insolent

undertaker's proper expenses, and that within an hour

and a-half every morning before break of day, summer and reflections on the English, to which on a former occasion

winter, except Sunday; and such a course shall be taken he had given utterance. Oh! the cowardice of the

that the street upon Sunday shall be as clean then as on timid tail-wearers ! How happy would this army be if any other day in the week. And to convince your Grace it was purged of tails and tail-wearers !' Longespé, on and the honourable Estates of Parliament, that the person hearing this, replied — Count Robert, be assured, I will that makes this overture is more concerned for removing proceed undismayed to whatever perils of death may the reproach that has for ever been upon the nation, than offer themselves : we shall be to-day where you will not for any private design of gain to himself, he is willing to dare to touch the tail of my horse! It was then resolved | pay 400 lib. sterling a-year during the years of his tack to to advance against the enemy, and Matthew Paris details the poor of Edinburgh. the fatal consequences of this ill-advised movement,

That Sir Alexander Brand was successful in his apwhich led to the most direful consequences — no less than plication does not appear. Smollett has embodied no the death of Longespé and his vilifier Artois, the capture overcharged description in his inimitable Humphrey of Louis, and the ruin of this crusade.

Clinker; and Major Topham in his very amusing Query, is it from a sense of this ignoble appendage Letters, printed in 1776, is equally explicit. that Englishmen, though still charged by Frenchmen Nor was the metropolis the solitary instance, the with a deficiency of courage in the Crimea, and else- / provincial towns were equally defiled by filth, and the where, and as military men not to be compared to them. seats of the gentry not particularly remarkable for selves, that our countrymen scorn to turn tail ?

sweetness of odour. Captain Burt upon whose informaCanterbury, September 8.


tion, in his Letters printed in 1754, Sir Walter Scott has drawn so largely in his immortal novel of Waverley,

describes the residence of the mighty chieftain, Lord EDINBURGA IN THE LAST CENTURY.

Lovat, as a most unsavoury abode for a nobleman. A folio volume of fugitive pieces in the library of the Edinburgh, Sept. 3.

J. M.


“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE,

[OCTOBER, 1857.


ANGLO-SAXON GRAVES NEAR SCARBOROUGH. Miss Strickland in her Lives of the Queens of Eng- Some interesting Saxon funeral deposits have been land, vol. vi. p. 189, states that --Two of the maids of recently discovered near Scarborough. Almost the honour in the service of Mary Beatrice, wife of James whole of the high land called Seamer Moor is a knoll II., and much beloved by her, were ladies of the most of chalk rock, a great part of which has been cut away irreproachable virtue, members of the Church of Eng- by the operations in a very extensive lime quarry. land, and alike distinguished for moral worth and literary The wife of one of the quarry men having brought into attainments. One of these ladies, Anne Kingsmiil, Scarborough several gold ornaments and other articles, published a volume of elegant little poems, in which and sold them to a shopkeeper, from whom they soon easy graceful versification was combined with refinement passed to Lord Londesborough, and the precise spot and good feeling. - She was celebrated by Pope, under where these objects had been found having been corthe name of Ardelia, after she became Countess of rectly ascertained, Lord Londesborough immediately Winchelsea.'

determined on further search, and on Thursday, the What is the title and date of publication of this 8th inst., his lordship, accompanied by Mr. Thomas volume of Poems ? and also, in which of Pope's works Wright, proceeded in his inquiries. On sifting the the Countess of Winchelsea is mentioned under the earth that had been thrown down, a beautiful lozenge name of Ardelia ? .

shaped pendant set with stones; a gold pin with an Inner Temple, Oct. 6.

T. P. LANGMEAD. enamelled head, and several fragments of other orna

ments, with numerous pieces of iron and pottery were Anne, daughter of Sir William Kingsmill, of Sidmonton, | found. The ground above was then trenched, but one Co. Southampton, was the wife of Heneage Finch, who grave only was discovered, it contained a skeleton with a during the lifetime of his father Heneage, second Earl of few ordinary articles in bronze and iron. The objects Winchelsea, was one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber | thus accidentally acquired, comprised the gold pendant to James, Duke of York, but upon the death of his nephew,

and the pin above noticed, a bulla consisting of an succeeded to the title as fourth Earl of Winchelsea. Her poem .On the Spleen,' was printed in Miscellaneous

onyx set in gold, a small gold ring, a large ornamental Poems, edited by Charles Gildon, 1701, 8vo. Rowe replied gold ring, a silver ring resembling the last in form and in 'An Epistle to Flavia on the sight of Two Pindaric Odes size; two ornaments in gold which appear to have been on the Spleen, and Vanity, written by a Lady to a Friend.' the appendages of ear-rings; a large ring-formed

Pope's • Rape of the Lork,' written in i712, induced fibula of silver, fragments of a band of plaited silver some admonitory verses addressed to him by Lady Win-wire, a number of beads of different materials and chelsea, when he replied

sizes, a small urn in a very perfect condition, and Of all examples by the world confest,

various other articles.
I knew Ardelia could not quote the best;
Who like her mistress, on Britannia's throne,

. Much of the cliff near the Brigg, having been washed Fights and subdues in quarrels not her own.

down by the recent flood at Filey; Mr. Wilson, a Pope's lines with her answer, in nine four-line stanzas, painter, residing at Old Filey, found among the debris declining future contest, are printed in the 10th volume a bone, which he took to Dr. Pritchard, the latter imof Bircli's General Biographical Dictionary.

mediately hastened to where it had been found, and Her rerses were published anonymously-Miscellany high up about four feet from the surface were's Poems on several occasions ; with Aristomenes, or the Royal

the remains of a Roman wall. On displacing some of Shepherd, a Tragedy. Written by a Lady, 1713, 8vo.

the stones, an earthen vase, with numerous human Wordsworth in commendation eulogizes the volume as containing 'some delightful pictures.' With Prior's Posthumous

bones, ornamented [?] shells, charred wood, and the Works, will also be found another poem by her; and many

skulls of animals were discovered. The barrow exothers remain in manuscript, and unpublished,

tends one hundred yards. The land is the property of Lady Winchelsea is now principally distinguished as a the Rev. B. Brookes, and the farm is held by Mr. poetess by the apologue of 'The Atheist and Acorn,' which Elisha Elders. So soon as permission to explore it can with a' Nocturnal Reverie,' were printed by Ritson in the be obtained, a probability is entertained some interestsecond volume of his English Anthology.

ing discoveries will be the result. Tbe Countess died without issue, Augnst 5, 1720, and the Earl, her husband, continued a widower till his death, Septeniber 30, 1726. Sir S. E. Bridges, in his edition of Want is the rock which stands in the way of Genius. Collins's Peerage, states the date of her decease, August 2J.

Bcranger. VOL. VII.

CHURCHWARDENS. The following notitia may possi BROWNE'S 'PIPE OF TOBACCO' IMITATIONS. bly interest some readers of Current Notes, as the point

The Latin and English Poems of Isaac Hawkins is one that has been often mooted.

Browne, a gentleman The institution of Churchwardens is of a remote date, they were first appointed in or about the year 423, at

Possessing wealth beyond a poet's lot; the African Council held under the Popes Celestine and were edited and published by his son, in 1768, with a Boniface; but at different periods have been distinguished finely engraved portrait by Ravenet, from a painting by various appellations, as Defensores, Oeconomni, and by Highmore. The volume has considerable notoriety, Præpositi Ecclesiæ ; Testes Synodales, etc. Chaucer for verses on "a Pipe of Tobacco; in imitation of six shews that in the time of King Edward the Third, several authors,' written in imitation of Colley Cibber, they were designated Church-reeves, as he speaks —

Ambrose Phillips, Thomson, Dr. Young, Pope and Swift; Of Church-reues, and of Testamentes,

and in the address •To the Reader, it is stated, the Of contracts, aud of lacke of Sacramentes.

second, the Imitation of Ambrose Phillips was not

written by my Father, but sent to him by an Ingenious Later, they obtained another name and were called

Friend.' Churchwardens; all these appellations being expressive

On the fly-leaf of a presentation copy of these Poems, of the nature of their office, which was and is to observe,

are the following in manuscript, under different dates. superintend, and maintain the rights, revenues, buildings, and furniture of the Church. An old Church

Memorandum, Friday, August 2, 1776. The celebrated warden's book of accounts belonging to the parish of

Floyer Sydenham told me, thut the best poems of bis late

friend Isaac Hawkins Browne were in the memory only of Farringdon, co. Berks, dated so early as 1518, has the

Mr. Highmore the painter, who was very particularly form at that period of admitting Churchwardens, in the

desired by Mr. Browne, not to suffer any copies of them following words:

to be taken. Cherchyewardenys, theys shal be your charge-- to be Some weeks after the above date, Dr. Sydenham also true to God and to the cherche- for love por for favour assured me tbat the second, the imitation, p. 117, off no man wythin thys parriche to withold any ryght

Little tube of mighty pow'r, to the cherche, but to resseve the dettys to hyt belongythe,

Charmer of an idle hour, etc. or else to goo to the devell.


was not written by Mr. Browne, but he did not say who

was the Author. When he told me so, I supposed it might TELEGRAM. — A correspondent of the Manchester

have been by himself, Dr. S., though I cannot now recolExaminer writes—New Words : An epigram, a dia.

lect what reason I had for thinking so.

J. HUSSEY, Oct. 5, 1797. gram, a monogram ; but, an antograph, a lithograph, a photograph, a telegraph. What is the principle? Where the compound denotes the character (?) of the

POPE ROWED IN A SEDAN CHAIR. writing it takes gram; where it denotes the means it Mr. Carruthers in his recently published Life of takes graph. Do not be misled by the Government Alexander Pope, p. 381, states, “In his latter years, telegram-an illustration of the proverb, • A little learn- when rowed up and down the river, Pope usually sat ing is a dangerous thing.'

in a sedan chair, in which he was carried to the boat; Telegram is undoubtedly the correct word for a and so late as 1813, an aged boatman on the Thames, written telegraphic message. I first saw it in the Old Horne,' survived to talk of Mr. Pope, whom, when London Times, and my only surprise was, that it had a boy, he had often seen and well remembered.' not been previously adopted. The principle is this :) Pope died May 30, 1744, but was for months before Words ending in graph, graphy, and gram, follow the his death unable to be borne about, so that fully seventy original Greek form ; autograph, chirograph, graphos ; years may be said to have elapsed between that period paragraph, graphe ; calligraphy, photography, steno. and 1813, a long distance of time for remembrance, graphy, tachygraphy, graphia; anagram, diagram, and yet O'Keeffe who was resident at Barnes, in 1785; epigram, gramma; monogram, grammos. Besides, we at Esher in 1798, and at Twickenham in 1800, and have diagraph, and epigraph. Some in graph signify some years after; in his Recollections, 1826, vol. II., P. an instrument, as diagraph, pantograph, sometimes 383, notices, .At Twickenham, an old waterman of the written pantagraph, and pentagraph. Those in gram name of Horner, told me that he had often rowed Alexanare derived from a perfect participle passive, and signify der Pope across the Thames to Ham, sitting in a sedan a thing written, painted, or described. Thus telegraph chair, which belonged to the poet : at the bottom of the is the instrument, and telegram the written telegraphic chair, in the front was a kind of trunk, in which he message. On the same principle I dare propose three always kept his papers; these he brought to and fro in other new words'-Telegraphy, the art of working the the chair with him. The regular rower of the ferry telegraph ; photograph, the instrument used in photo- from Thames Ditton, about thirty years ago, was an graphy; and photogram, the fac-simile, or likeness old blind woman, who often rowed me across, but not in produced.

a sedan chair, nor accompanied by my manuscripts.' Hawkshead, Oct. 12.

D. B. H. " Atlienæum, Oct. 8.

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