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Fowle of Sandhurst, Arg., a chevron gules, on a WAITFIELD, of Tenterden. Argent, a bend between chief of the second, three mullets of the first.

two cotises engrailed sable. Thomas FAVERSHAM, Justiciarius et quondam Domi

Lee Road, Blackheath, Aug. 6. J.J. HOWARD. nus de Graueny. Ermine, a fess chequy arg. and gules, in chief three lozenges sable, each charged with a cross bottonée gules.

EXPANSION OF THE HUMAN MIND IN CITIES. GRAVESEND. Or, three eagles displayed sable, a Somehow or other, amid the crowding and confinecanton ermine.

ment of the busy town, the human mind finds its most GREKE. Or, a trefoil slipped sable between two free and fullest expansion. Unlike the dwarfed and chevronels of the second.

dirty plants which serve to embellish our suburban HARDPENY. Sable, a chevron or, between three villas, languishing like exiles for the pure air and more plates.

free sunshine which, far away in flowery field and the Hill, of Lewsham. Vert, three Talbots passant

green woodland, infuse a beneficial effect on sunny argent.

banks and breezy hills—man attains his highest condiHunt, of Bromley. Sable, a fess between three tion amid the social influences of the crowded city. counter foils or.

His intellect acquires its highest refinement, and reNorton, of Northwood. Gules, a cross potent er

ceives its attractive polish where the essential effulgence mine.

of splendour created by the brightened gold and silver Nowell, of Rye. Vert, three covered cups or,

is tarnished and lost by the murky smoke, foul vapours, two and one.

and impurity of the air which ascends from all cities. PETT, of Deptford. Or, on a fess gules between

The most admired or surprising emanations of human three ogresses, a lion passant gardant or.

genius have emulously started into existence and proPıx, of Crayford.' Azure, a fess between three

gressed with irresistible vigour in an atmosphere where crosses fitché argent.

those of nature are prone to droop, and obtain but a SAKER, of Faversham. Sable, a bend engrailed be

doubtful or imperfect state of maturity. The mental tween two bulls' heads couped or.

powers exert a full robustness of condition where the SARE, of Lenham. Gules, two bars ermine, in chief cheek loses its ruddy hue, and the limbs their elasticity three martletts argent.

of step; where busied thought is seated with pale effect SEGAR, of Wrotham. Az., a cross moline arg., a

on manly brows, and the night watch, as with steady chief or.

paces he threads his rounds, discerns the student's lamp SILLIARD, of Ightam. Azure, a chief ermine.

emitting its glimmering light far into the silent hours Smith, of Greenwich. Ermine, three bezants two

accorded to slumber and repose.

Guthrie. and one.

SOUTHOUSE, of Southouse, * in the parish of Selling. Az., on a bend between two cotises arg., three mart- The porcelain manufactory at Berlin was under the lets gules.

iminediate control of Frederick the Great, and for his STANLEY, of Great Peckham. Argent, on a bend direct profit ; but in this he was only on a par with az., three bucks' heads, cabossed or, a chief gules. other Continental sovereigns.

SUMER, of Halsto and St. Margarets. Vert, a fess Quintus Icilius, a military officer often noticed with indented ermine.

honour in the achievements under Frederick, but Thomas. Argent, threc crescents gules, a canton who was the son of a potter at Magdebourg, was on an ermine thereon a crescent gules.

occasion taunted by the king on the baseness of his TAORNEBURY, an ancient family formerly in Faver origin, he retorted—There was but one step between a shame, Argent, on a bend engrailed sable, three roun- potter and a china-manufacturer. dels ermine.

Upton, of Faversham. Sable, a cross patonce arg., charged in chief with a trefoil azure.

LIBERAL AND CONSERVATIVE DEFINED. WALTHEW, of Deptford. Sable, a lion rampant When the terms Liberal and Conservative were armed and langued gules, between three mural crowns almost unknown, and those of Whig and Tory desigargent.

nated the two great parties in the State, Sir Walter

Scott, a staunch Tory, was once asked what was the * Thomas Southouse of this family was author of the difference between them_Why, man,' laughingly Monasticon Favershamiense, 1671, 8vo. He died and was

quoth the Baronet, the latter is like a highwayman! buried at Faversham, in 1676, in his thirty-fifth year. His second son, Filmer Southouse, a man of learning and stu

he bids you stand and deliver, and you have some chance dious in the same pursuits for which his father was distin

of saving your purse, if you have sufficient courage ? guished, collected materials for a History of Faversham,

but the former is like a pick pocket, he filches your purse but died early in life, in his thirtieth year, in 1706. See | at the very instant he is assuring you of his extraHasted's History of Kent, folio edition, Vol. ii. p. 788; and ordinary honesty—the devil a chance you have with Vol. iii. p. 24.


THE TWO MARSHALLS, ENGLISH ACTRESSES. most certain, and Beck Marshall only privy to it, and the John Dutton, of Dutton, co. Chester, Esq., who died means of bringing them together, which is a very odd Jan. 30, 1608, had, according to Sir Peter Leicester, 'a thing. His astonishment seems to have abated, for we find bastard daughter, Elizabeth Dutton, married to --

him again Marshall, chaplain to Lord Gerard of Gerard's Bromley;

May 7. To the King's house, where going in for Knipp, mother to the two famous women actors, now (1666) at

the play being done, I did see Beck Marshall come dressed London, called the two Marshalls.' What is known of

off of the stage, and look mighty fine and pretty; and also

Nell in her boy's cloaths, mighty pretty ; but Lord! their these actresses, and are there any engraved portraits of

confidence, and how many men do hover about them as them?

soon as they come off the stage, and how confident they are Chester, August 6.

Toomas HUGHES. in their talk. The last mention of the younger Marshall by Few particulars are known of Ann and Rebecca Marshall | Pepys is but slight. the daughters of Stephen Marshall, the presbyterian, whose July 11. To the King's playhouse, to see an old play of saintly precepts appear in his own family to have passed Shirley's called Hide Parke; the first day acted; when unheeded. Marshall's publisher was Thomas Underbill, and horses are brought upon the stage. It is but a moderate his son Cave Underbill, was one of the first company inclu play, only an excellent epilogue by Beck Marshall. ding Betterton and Nokes, collected by Henry Rhodes the Hamilton in his Memoirs of Count Grammont, narrates bookseller, in 1659, to re-open the Cockpit Theatre, in Cock. erroneously the trick played off on a player of the part of pit alley, Drury Lane. Cave Underhill was possibly the Roxana, by Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Oxford; and Oldys in bellweather who led Marshall's daughters astray, as Downes his History of the English Stage, compiled in 1741 to serve expressly states, Ann Marshall did not join Killigrew's or the exigencies of Edmund Curll's son, then blind; refers to the King's company, till after their commencement in Mrs. Marshall as the person alluded to. Evelyn, Jan. 9, Riding House Yard, Drury Lane, in April 1663. Rebecca, 1661-62, notices this actress, who played Roxalana in if not one of the company that season, was certainly there Davenant's third part of the Siege of Rhodes, in the Duke's in the next. Pepys in his Diary, 1663-4, records — company. She was the younger of the two Davenports,

Feb. 1. To the King's playhouse, and there saw the and by her connexion with the Earl ceased to be a player. Indian Queen acted, which indeed is a most pleasant show, | This is simply explained to clear the error generally enterand beyond my expectation; but above my expectation tained respecting the elder Marshall, who was of Killigrew's most, the elder Marshall did do her part most excellently Company. well, as I ever heard woman in my life; her voice is not so No portraits of the Marshalls are extant. sweet as Ianthu's, however, we come home mightily contented. The allusion is here to Ann Marshall ; lauthe was Mrs.

LADY ANNE BOTHWELL'S LAMENT. Saunderson, of the Duke's company, who in the following year was married to Betterton. Pepys seems to have con

The territorial barony of Glencorse, for at least two sidered • Beck Marshall' most attractive, and his adoration

centuries, belonged to the family of Both well, in whom, led him to notice her in preference to her elder sister upon the death of John, the second Baron, in 1635, Ann. In his Diary, he mentions

was vested the peerage of Holyrood-House. The title Dec. 7, 1666. To the King's playhouse, and saw the devolved on Alexander Bothwell, who married Mary, Maid's Tragedy, a good play, and well acted, especially by daughter of Sir James Stewart, a son of Robert, Earl the younger Marshall, who is become a pretty good actor. of Orkney, and whose grand aunt, Anne Bothwell, a In the following years, she is the subject of his warmest daughter of Adam Bothwell, bishop of Orkney, was encomiums,

the heroine of the beautiful ballad entitled Lady Anne Sept. 11, 1667. To the Duke of York's playhouse and

and | Bothwell's Lament. there saw part of the Ungratefull Lovers,' and sat by Beck Marshall, whose band is very handsome. In the next

| Poetical antiquaries had long advanced various conparagraph, Pepys with a glorious chuckle relates

jectures as to the person of Lady Anne Bothwell, whose Oct. 26. Mrs. Pierce tells me that the two Marshalls at Lament is among the choicest gems of Scottish Song, the King's house, are Stephen Marshall the great Presby- and a divorced Countess of Bothwell was more promiterian's daughters; and that Nelly (Gwynne) and Beck nently named ; but, it would seem to have passed unMarshall falling out the other day, the latter called the noticed that the Earls of Bothwell were Hepburns not other my Lord Buckhurst's mistress. Nell answered her - Bothwells, and this perplexity continued until Father I was but one man's mistress, though I was brought up in Hay, in his Manuscript History of the Holyrood-House a brothel to fill strong water to the gentlemen; and you are family, dissipated all doubt upon the subject, by menmistress to three or four, though a Presbyterian's praying tioning that the bishop had a daughter named Anne, daughter!

who fell with child to a son of the Earl of Marre." Feb. 27, 1667-8. Pepys praises the fine acting of Beck Marshall, in Massinger and Decker's Virgin Martyr; but

| This Lady Anne, by the polite Douglas, as improved by seems a little astonished at her meretricious agency in the

Wood, is excluded from her proper position in the peerfollowing notice.

age; but the late Mr. Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, April 7. To the King's playhouse. Mrs. Knipp tells me whose knowledge of the naughty doings of former days that my Lady Castlemaine is mightily in love with Hart of has never in the north been surpassed, disclosed the their house, and he is much with her in private, and she goes fact in a note, p. 45, in the Household Book of Ladie to him, and do give him many presents; that the thing is | Marie Stewart, Countess of Marr.

From the ballad it may be fairly inferred the seducer I would I were a maid again, was a soldier; thus, Alexander, the third son* of John, From young men's flatery I'd refrain ; seventh Earl of Marr, by the above mentioned · Ladie

For now, unto my grief, I find, Marie Stewart,' a daughter of the Duke of Lennox, They are all perjur'd and unkind. was, unquestionably, the only soldier in the Marr Bewitching charms bred all my harms –

Witness my babe lies in my arms. family at this particular period. He rose to be a Colonel; and, strange to relate, actually met, as imagined

Balow, my boy, etc. in the ballad, an unforeseen and violent death, having

I take my fate from bad to worse, been blown up, with his brother-in-law, Thomas Hamil.

That I must needs be now a nurse, ton, second Earl of Haddington, and other Scottish

And lull my young son on my lap –

From me, sweet orphan, take the pap. military officers, at Dunglass Castle, August 30, 1640.

Balow, my child, thy mother mild,
Balow, my boy, lie still and sleep,

Shall wail, as from all bliss exiled.
It grieves me sore to hear thee weep;

Balow, my boy, etc.
If thou’lt be silent, I'll be glad,

Balow, my son, weep not for me,
Thy mourning makes my heart full sad.

Whose greatest grief's for wronging thee;
Balow,f my boy, thy mother's joy -

Nor pity her deserved smart,
Thy father bred me great annoy.

Who can blame none but her fond heart;
Balow, my darling, sleep a while,

For too soon trusting, latest finds
And when thou wak'st, then sweetly smile ;

With fairest tongues are falsest ininds,
But smile not as thy father did,

Balow, my boy, etc.
To cozen maids—may God forbid !

Balow, my boy, thy father's fled,
For in thine eye his look I see —

When he the thriftless son has play'd;
The tempting look that ruin'd me.

Of vows and oaths forgetful, he
Balow, my boy, etc.

Preferr'd the wars to thee and me;
When he began to court my love,

But now, perhaps, thy curse and mine
And with his sugar'd words to move;

Make him eat acorns with the swine.
His tempting face and flatt’ring chear

Balow, my boy, etc.
In time to me did not appear;
But now I see that cruel he --

But curse not him; perhaps now be,
Cares neither for his babe nor me. .

Stung with remorse, is blessing thee.

Perhaps at death,- for who can tell
Balow, my boy, etc.

Whether the Judge of Heaven or llell,
Farewell, farewell, thou falsest youth,

By some proud foe has struck the blow,
That ever kissed a woman's mouth;

And laid the dear seducer low.
Let never any after me

Balow, my boy, etc.
Submit unto thy courtesie,
For if thou do, o, cruel thou !

I wish I were into the bounds
Wilt her abuse, and care not how.

Where he lays smother'd in his wounds,
Balow, my boy, etc.

Repeating, as he pants for air,

The name of ber he once call'd fair;
I was too cred'lous at the first,

No woman's yet so fiercely set,
To yield thee all a maiden durst;

But she'll forgive, though not forget.
Thou swore for ever true to prove -

Balow, my boy, etc.
Thy faith unchanged, unchanged thy lore;
But quick as thought the change is wrought;

If linen lacks, for my love's sake,
Thy love's no more-thy promise nought.

Then quickly to him would I make
Balow, my boy, etc.

My smock-once for his body meet —

And wrap him in that winding sheet. * Douglas' Peerage of Scotland, revised by Wood, 1813,

Ah, me! how happy had I been folio, Vol. i. p. 680, erroneously described as the fourth son.

If he had ne'er been wrapt therein, † Balow, a Scottish lullaby, or term used by a nurse

Balow, my boy, etc. when lulling her child, supposed to be part of an old French lullaby Bas, le loup ; or as the Scottish term is

Balow, my boy, I'll weep for thee, sometimes pronounced, balililow, qu. bax, le loup ?--'lie

Too soon, alas ! thou'lt weep for me; still, there is the wolf, or the wolf is coming. In Godly

Thy griefs are growing to a sum, Ballates, quoted by Ritson, in his Essay on Scottish Song,

God grant thee patience when they come: this is written somewhat differently, as the name of an old

Born to sustain thy mother's shame Scottish tune, ‘Followis ane sany of the birth of Christ,

O hapless fate! — a bastard's name. with the tune of Baw lu la lan.'

Balow, my boy, etc. Zachary Boyd, in his Battell of the Soul in Death, p. |

The peerage of Holyrood-House is in abeyance, and 308, observes. Well is that soul which God in mercie exer- pos ciseth daylie with one crosse or other, not suffering it to be

- possibly, some day or other, an leir may come forward

to claim it. rocked and lulled with Sathan's balowes in the cradle of Security.

Edinburgh, August 3.

J. M.


Ratcliffe.-Pittis, in his Life of John Radcliffe, On the last page of an edition of Caesar's Commen

M.D., founder of the Ratcliffe Library, Oxford, details taries, printed, Venetiis in ædibus Aldi et Andrea

the particulars of the Honours which were observed on Soceri, 1513, 8vo., is the following contemporary manu

the day of his funeral, Dec. 3, 1714, in St. Mary's

Church, Oxford, his grave being as there stated, p. 85, script inscription —

on the south-east side of the organ.' From some cause Robert Ellis oweth this booke,

that this was the exact position of the body was long a God give him grace on it to looke.

matter of doubt; but the following extract from the The rose is red, the leafe is greene, And soe God saue our kinge and queene.

British Press newspaper, Thursday Sept. 9, 1819, affords

some elucidation : This booke is mine, I doe it owe,

The coffin containing the remains of Dr. Ratcliffe, the and soe farewell.

munificent benefactor to the University of Oxford, was last By me Robert Ellis,

week discovered deposited in one of the vaults of St. Mary's Amen.

Church, in that University. The spot where he was buried

was not before known. The Heber' copy of the Editio Princeps of Athenæus, printed by Aldus, in 1514, folio, was on large paper, and

LETTRE DE CACHET. It is stated the Lettre de Cahad formerly pertained to Erasmus; it had his auto-chet was an order for incarceration in the Bastille ; and graph, Sum Erasmi Roterodami,' and on the margins I have heard it had a wider range. Can any reader of many notes in his hand. On the fly-leaf were the fol | Current Notes briefly explain what was really the purlowing lines —

port of the so generally dreaded Lettre de Cachet ? Hæc Desiderii manus est, quam cernis, Erasmi,

Glasgow, August 3.

J. H.
Illa omni celebris, qua patet, orbe manus.

A Lettre de Cachet was any written order emanating Hæc est illa manus, multis quæ Patribus ævum

from the king, and expressive of his will; the term was Contulit, et Domino contulit ipse suo.

not coufined simply to orders for arrest.
Litterulis magnum Auctorem venerare sub istis,
Quisquis es, atque ipsum crede videre Virum.


The Rev. J. C. M. Bellew, Assistant Minister, St.

Phillip's, Regent Street, in a sermon entitled Selfishness In the Diary of a literary character was the following

e 10110wing and Self-Sacrifice, preached for the benefit of the memorandum :

Cambridge Military Asylum, made an allusion to the 12th, I was obliged to have my poor old dog killed in later

led in late Duchess of Gloucester, born April 25, 1776, who consequence of his having been run over by a cart. I

died April 30, 1857 –. have had him upwards of fifteen years. Poor fellow!

The Cambridge Asylum has lately lost its Lady PresiQuando ullum inveniam parem ?

dent, who was indeed to it a Ruth, a constant unselfish, Lacrymis ille meis flebilis occidit.

self-sacrificing and protecting friend. She was a soldier's

widow. In her death has been broken the last link that ENIGMA

connected us with the reign of George the Third. Such are Carmine Latino solvendum.

the wrecks of death!

A piece of the wreck of the Royal George
Pars prior est Signum, decies triginta,* triunum,
Et, quod mireris, ter tria plusque decem.

For the people's pity and wonder.
Altera sed nitido dives gratissima toto,

Death which spares none, but hurries alike the poor Et Fauno, et pecori Castaliæque gregi.t

soldier and the King's daughter to the Grave.* Totus arat totum, tondet, totumque pererrat,

The preacher in quoting these lines, observes, they Canus et Arctoa stat nive, statque gelu.

occur in some poetry, written on meeting King George Et totum pascit, totumque bibitque vehitque,

the Third on the Terrace at Windsor, when doubtless Filius et Nili, Pamphyliamque legit.

the majesty of mind was gone. That he had not for Stat vere in ccelo, volitatque per aëra pennis, In fronte et cauda plurima gemma micat.

more than twenty years, met with the poem, and was Phønissam rapuit, Romæque ædilis et augur;

alike ignorant of the writer, or where it could be seen. Et Siculis quondam causa timoris erat.

• He believed it was attributed to Wolfe ; for beauty and Tolle caput, reliquis decies tamen adjice quinque, pathos it is worthy of the mind that composed the Fit gratum Phæbo Pieridumque choro.

Burial of Sir John Moore.' Adde duplum, tumido fervescunt æquora fluctu,

Wolfe was not likely to write such lines, or on such Et fera Sarmatico turbine sævit hyems.

a subject ; may I ask if any reader of Current Notes Multiplica decies, præstat Gætulus Iarbas,

can point to the source from whence they come? Risuque in fusco perspicuum fit ebur!

August 8.

N.J. Hawkshead, August 12.

D. B. H.

| Sermons printed for W. and T. Boone, 1857, vol. II, • Sic Manilius, II. 322. † Conf. Lucret., II. 661. I p. 394.

TANTAMOUNT.-Another authority similar to that I FUNERAL VERSES ON ANNE OF DENMARK. quoted in Current Notes, p. 56, occurs in Udal ap Rhys' Anne, daughter of Frederick the Second, King of Account of Spain, 1749, 8vo. p. 14, where speaking of Denmark, and wife of King James the First, died at the privileges formerly pertaining to the Arragonese, he Hampton Court, March 1, 1619. In a copy of Camden's notices one that related to the terms and conditions upon Remains, third impression, 1623, 4to. p. 344, I once which they chose their kings:

found a folded sheet--Vpon the Death of Queene Anne, The form was as follows, Nos, que valemos tanto como

wife of our Sovereigne Lord King James. Funeral

Verses written by William Swadon, of New College in vos, os hazemos nuestro Rey y Señor, con tal que guardeis nuestros Fueros y Libertades. Si no, no.' i.e. We, who are Oxford, Doctor of Divinity and Chaplaine to Her Maas good as you, make you our Lord and King, provided you

jesty. The monumental inscription has an anagrammaintain our Rights and Liberties. If not, no.

matical woodcut. The fact of having thus found it, and This privilege the people of Arragon retained till about also twice in Munday's edition of Stowe, 1633, folio, the end of the Eleventh Century, when it was abrogated by between pp. 814-815, induces my suggesting to colKing Pedro the First.

lectors to examine their copies of these works, as from Atheneum, Pall Mall, August 3.

R. the manner in which the sheet was placed in these

volumes, it would seem that it was originally in both.

Oxford, August 11.

P. B.



Among the many adulatory assertions made on NaIn the Partidas in Spain, the law respecting Sta- poleon becoming emperor in 1804, it was said that the tioners supplies some interesting facts. It was en- | man in the Iron mask’ was no other than the twin or acted —

elder brother of Louis the Fourteenth; that his keeper's Every University to be complete should have in it | name was Bonpart, who had a daughter, with whom Stationers (estacionarios) who have in their shops (esta- the Man in the Mask fell in love, and to whom he was ciones) good books, legible and correct both in text and privately married ; that their children were baptized in gloss, to let out to the scholars, either to make from their mother's name, and were secretly conveyed to them new books, or to correct those which they had

Corsica, where the name was converted or perverted already written. And no one without leave of the into that of Bonaparte, or Buonaparte, and that one of Rector, was to have or hold such a booth (tienda) or those children was the ancestor of Napoleon Buona. shop. And the Rector, before he granted his licence, parte, who was thus entitled to be recognized not only ought firstly to have the books of this person who would as of French origin, but as the direct descendant and keep the shop examined, to know whether they be good, the rightful heir to the throne of France. It need legible and genuine. And he ought not to consent that hardly be said, that the whole is a fiction. any one who has not such books should become a sta

Again it is stated, the Bonapartes are said to have tioner, nor let out his books to the scholars, at least adopted the name of Napoleon from Napoleon des Urnot before they have been corrected. The Rector ought sins, a distinguished character in Italian story, with also, with advice of others, to set a price how much the one of whose descendants they became connected by stationer should receive for every sheet which he lends

marriage; and the first of the family to whom it was the scholars to write from or to correct their books; given was a brother of Joseph Buonaparte, the grandand, moreover, the Rector ought to demand good bond father of Napoleon I. The jeux de mot which have from him, that he will preserve faithfully and well all been made on the name are many, but one noticed in books which are entrusted to him to sell, and not use | Litterature Française Contemporaine, Vol. ii. p. 266, any deceit whatever.

is deserving of note. Tienda, here rendered booth, is still the word in use. The word Napoleon being written in Greek characin Spain for those inferior shops where everything is ters will form seven different words, by dropping in sucsold." The word explains its own history. Every army cession the first letter of each. Thus NarodEwv, had traders who followed it to sell provisions and buy Amolewy, Polewy, Olewv, Axwy, Ewv, ly. These words plunder, and their shops were Tents. The word corres- constitute a complete sentence, and are thus translated ponding to estaciones would be standings, a phrase still into French-Napoléon, étant le lion des peuples, allait retained in country fairs or markets. These are strictly détruisant les cités.

M. speaking, booths; but when the Partidas were written, tienda denoted a booth, and estacion a shop, for trade BRANDENBURG WINE.—The boors or country people was advancing, and its self evident improvement had near Frankfort, Brandenburg, and Berlin, in the sevencreated a new meaning to old terms.

teenth century, bragged so much of their vineyards and Hence the word Stationer, now generally expressive wine, which notwithstanding were so execrable, that of a vendor of paper, is a designation which would have their neighbours in Upper Saxony were wont to frighten been in every respect equally applicable to any other their young children to school by threatening to othersettled trade.

R. F. wise make them drink Brandenburg Wine,

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