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beings dear to me from my infancy, with the envy that ! On the fly leaf of a copy of the Musæ Anglicanæ that menaces high talents, and with the trials which await some years since came under my notice, was the followthe superior endowments of genius; but these trials, I ing inscription : am convinced, are given to prove, and to display the

Sum powers of those minds; to cause them to exercise their

SEPTIMI COLLINSON, mental and moral strength, and to refine, confirm, and

Cujus quod sum mihi gratulor, brighten their character, as we do gold in the furnace

Illius quippe as only the bravest spirits in an army are placed in the

Meas qui sapere possit elegantias posts of extremest danger, which are also the posts of

Omnigenasque veneres,

Jucunde non magis quam utilitur honour, so Providence selects the greatest souls to be

Sibi et reipublicæ, examples of Fortitude, under suffering, and magnani

Quorum utriusque interest, mity under the oppressions of the world. It is a high

Ut optimum ingenium, commission, dear Sir, that such spirits are called upon

Gravioribus studiis exercitatum, to fulfil; and if at last, the whole is atchieved so as to

Pieriis epulis reficiatur ! merit the approbation of the Almighty Dispenser of all

Noli, lector, udulatorem suspicari, our faculties how little must be the regret, that half

Numque invidus laudo. the world were your enemies !

Dr. Collinson, who was a length of time Provost of I warmly sympathise in your admiration of the Bardo,

miration of the Bard Queen's College, and Margaret Professor of Divinity in of Childe Alarique, but I cannot agree with you, that the University of Oxford, died in 1827. “the poet of Wooton," is at all inferior. There is a deep deepl St. Alban's, Heworth.

E. H. A. pathos, a sublime purity of sentiment in both, that I have no where seen excelled. When poetry breathes the inspiration of virtue, it is then, that we feel her ce

PRE-EMINENCE OF SCIENCE. lestial birth; it is then, that we reverence the poet as A recent letter from Naples shews that Science, only next in dignity to the prophet.

| though for a time depressed, will bound beyond human Childe Alarique only requires to be known to make control. Signor Gasparini, a distinguished Neapolitan itself a thousand friends, and as far as my little power botanist, held, in 1848, a situation in the University of will operate towards that effect, it shall be exerted. I his native country, but, although he took no part in am acquainted with the Editor of the New Review, politics, King Bomba, after his violation of the Constipublished by Valpy, and I will send him an analysis of tution, deprived the Professor of his situation, and rethe poem, which is the form in which that work reviews | duced him to extreme poverty. Several applications to authors.

be reinstated were made without producing effect on Mr. Gillies repeats having seen my brother, and the Neapolitan Government. In the meantime, a mentions his having rather confidently promised to my learned botanist from Vienna visited Naples, and findScottish friends, my visiting their country this autumn; ing the low and melancholy condition to which Signor Alas! my dear brother, is little aware how constantly ! Gasparini was involved, promised to procure an appointthe delicate state of my mother's health confines me to ment for him in the Lombardo-Venetian provinces, within a day's journey, at farthest, distant from her. I which proffered kindness he gratefully accepted. The have hardly a hope of reaching Seotland at all; cer Neapolitan Government, however, interfered, and detainly not, unless she were well enough to accompany clared that the King would see with displeasure one of me.

his disgraced professors appointed to an official situation When does your family return to town? I hope early by a friendly Government. The affair appeared to have in the spring, as then my brother will be settled in fallen altogether in abeyance, until the recent visit of town, for the season, and I shall have frequent oppor the Emperor of Austria to his Italian dominions, when, tunities of enjoying the society of Lady Brydges and by an Imperial Decree, dated March 13, Signor Gasyourself.

parini was appointed Professor of Botany in the UniverPray remember me with all kind wishes to her, and sity of Pavia. Another extraordinary circumstance to your sweet daughters; and believe me, dear Sir, very occurred connected with this affair which is deserving of much yours.

especial notice. When Baron Martini, the Austrian JANE PORTER. Minister at Naples, announced to Signor Gasparini bis

appointment, he added, "His Majesty sends you near HASWELL.—Can any of your Correspondents inform

rm the frontiers of Piedmont, for he is determined to comme in what part of Scotland the family of Haswell, or

| pete with the King of that country in extending eduas it was formerly written, Hessewelle, or with other

cation, and protecting the arts and sciences in Italy.' alterations more or less assimilated to the one way or other, was or is located ? The original family belongs, I believe, to Co. Durham. I find records of them there Vidocq, whose auto-biography, from his extraordifrom the 13th century, but cannot trace the Scotch nary notoriety as connected with the police of Paris, family at all, Any light upon this subject would much created no little attraction even in this metropolis, died oblige one of that name.

recently at Paris, in his seventy-eighth year,


“Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

(JUNE, 1857.


of the fancy and imagination of poets, dramatists, It was formerly the custom that Brides on their wed- artists, and novelists, from the period of the murder to ding-day should present their husbands with a ring the present time. Camoens has introduced the tale into having some inscription or posy, as it was called, en the third canto of the Lusiad, in an episode which had graved on the inner gold. The wife of Bishop Bull, it the reluctant commendation of Voltaire. That imis said, chose this must appropriate motto

mortal poem has been translated into Hebrew and Latin, Bene parēre, parāre, et parère mihi det Deus!

Spanish, French, and Italian, English and German,

Danish and Swedish. In the Portuguese language, the The Latin quatrain which follows was written on the story of Ignez has given rise to four, if not five tra. occasion of our beloved Queen's marriage. I rejoice to gedies. One by Antonio Ferreira, the Portuguese think, that under the Divine Blessing, my wishes have | Horace, which has been translated into English by Mr. been so happily realized.

Musgrave; another by Nicola Luiz, of which an English AD VICTORIAM.

translation by the late Mr. John Adamson, was printed Terræ hujus Decus! et regum pulcherrima Proles ! in 1808; a third by Domingos dos Reis Quita, trans. Quæ Tibi pro tantâ nobilitate feram?

lated into English prose by Benjamin Thompson; and a Pareat imperio populus ! connubia durent!

fourth, entitled Nova Castro, by Joao Baptista Gomez; Lucina et blandam rite ministret opem |

| besides which, mention is made in Twiss's Travels in Feb. 10, 1840.

Spain and Portugal, of another, by S. Silveira, printed Will any of your readers favour me with a transla

at Lisbon in 1764, which would also appear to have been tion in verse ?

translated into German. Newport, Essex, June 12. William HILDYARD.

There are also the following works relating to the same tragical event, of which I know nothing more than the

titles-Sandades de D. Ignez de Castro pelo Manoel de DONA IGNEZ DE CASTRO.

Asevedo, Coimbra, 1734; and Sandades dos SerenissiThe sad story of this unfortunate lady is probably too mos Reis de Portugal D. Pedro e D. Ignez de Castro, well known to need any lengthened recital on this occa- por D. Maria de Lara e Menezes Na officina de Pedro sion. She was a Castilian lady of noble extraction, Ferreira, 1762. Nor should we omit a Sonnet by who came to Portugal in attendance upon the Princess Antonio Ribeiro dos Santos, a translation of which is Constance, on her marriage with the Infante Don Pedro, given in Mr. Adamson's Lusitania Illustrata, part 1, son and heir of Alphonso the Fourth. Such was her p. 76, and which may be regarded as an Inscription for beauty that the Prince became enamoured of her, and the celebrated Fount of Tears, in the garden of the after the death of the Princess, was secretly married to Quinta das Lagrimas, at Coimbra. her by the Bishop of Guarda. Some of the old King's In the Spanish language there are three dramas evil counsellors, instigated by envy and jealousy, suc- which owe their origin to this sad catastrophe; two traceeded in obtaining his sanction for the assassination of gedies by the monk Geronimo Bermudez, entitled-Nise the beautiful and innocent Ignez, his daughter-in-law, Lastimosa ; and Nise Laureada; the word Nise being an the wife of his son. The horrid deed was perpetrated anagram of Ines; written after the model of the old Greek during the absence of Don Pedro upon a hunting excur- plays. They were originally printed in 1577, and have sion, on January 7, 1355. The devoted widower, after since been reprinted in the sixth volume of El Parnaso his accession to the throne, caused the remains of his be- Espanol. The other drama is by Luis Velez de Guelored consort to be exhumed, and after decreeing to vara, and bears the title of Reynar Despues de Morir. them all the insignia and emblems of royalty, and en-1 In the French Language there seems to have been a forcing from the nobles their homage and recognition of novel written by a Lady of Quality, which was made her as Queen of Portugal, conducted the corpse in English' by the notorious Mrs. Behn, and published solemn funeral procession to the monastery of Alcobaca, with the rest of her works, under the title of Agnes de where the magnificently sculptured tombs of Ignez and Castro; or, the Force of Generous Love. On this Pedro,' though they did not escape the sacrilegious French novel Mrs. Catharine Trotter, (afterwards Mrs. violence of the French soldiery in the Peninsular war, Cockburn) founded the plot of her tragedy of Agnes de may still be seen.

Castro, which was acted at the Theatre Royal in 1695, The melancholy fate of Ignez has been pathetically and met with great success. From a tragedy by Mons. recorded by the old chroniclers and historians, and has De La Motte, said to be written in a turgid and inflated supplied a favourite theme and subject for the exercise style, Mallet took his Elvira, acted at Drury Lane for


nine successive nights, and published in 1763. A Ger-1 CERVANTES. In a conversational party the other man translation of De La Motte's Inez de Castro, was evening an assertion by a gentleman created quite a printed at Leipzig in 1774. The exhibition at Paris of sensation, by his stating that Cervantes' admirable roa picture by the Count de Forbin, representing the ex-mance of Don Quixote was not original, he was certain humation and coronation of Ignez, suggested to the he had so satisfied himself of the fact, though he was Countess de Genlis, the idea of writing an historical unable to refer those present to where the particulars novel that has been translated into Portuguese, by D could be substantiated. Is there any basis for this doubt, Caetano Lopez de Moura, a native of Bahia, and printed or any source from which such a statement could emaat Paris in 1837.

nate? In the English language, besides the translations to Manchester, June 10.

S. F. F. which allusion has already been made, there are four In the Advertisement to a French translation of a volume original tragedies-Inez, of which the author is un- entitled, · Le Desespoir Amoureux, avec les Nouselles Vi. known, printed at London, 1796 ; Inez de Castro, an sions de Don Quixotte, Histoire Espagnolle,' printed at historical drama, by Jonathan Skelton, of Trinity Hall, Amsterdam, 1715, duod., the Translator observes-We are Cambridge; London, 1841 ; Ignez de Castro, a tra- beholden to Spanish writers for the Histories contained in gedy in five acts, contributed to Hood's Magazine, by the this rolume, which are merely a translation from their author of Rural Sonnets, London, 1846; and Inez de works, more particularly from those of the author of HomiCastro, a tragedy in five acts, by Miss Mitford, printed

cidio dela Fidelitad, y la Defensa del Honor,' printed for

John Richer, at Paris, in 1C09, but known in the original in the second volume of her Dramatic Works, 1854.

Spanish more than a century before Miguel Cervantes, who In 1829, Mons. St. Evre exhibited at Somerset House

produced the celebrated romance of Don Quixote, came into his famous pictures, of which reduced sketches by the

the world. Don Quixote is introduced in the three follow. artist himself are now before me, representing the Coro

ing histories or novels : nation of Ignez in the Church of Santa Clara, at Histoire du Berger Philidon, et de la Bergere Floride, Coimbra; and the Funeral Procession at the moment avec quelques Visions de Don Quichotte, Cervantes has of its arrival at Alcobaca. The sight of these pictures embodied this entire novel into his own work. inspired Mrs. Bray with an interest in the story of Les Amours de Don Antonio, avec les Prouesses de Don Ignez, and led to the composition of one of her fasci Quichotte ; and thirdlynating romances, entitled The Talba ; or, the Moor of

omances entitled The Talha..or the Moor ofl Les Avantures Étranges de Cretonia et de son fils Don Portugal, which appeared shortly afterwards. Among

Felix, avec de Nouvelles Visions de Don Quixotte. the minor pieces relating to the fair Castilian, may be

This last, wherein Don Quixote and Don Felix are inenumerated some verses by Lady Flora Hastings, and

troduced, having met at an inn, is the story of Walpole's

Mysterious Morher. Cervantes therefore, upon this showing Lord William Lennox. Some stanzas on the Corona

found the character of Don Quixote, an erratic being, his tion, by an anonymous writer in the English Journal,

head being turned by the perusal of romances, riding January 16, 1841 ; and a Prologue, written for an in

everywhere, armed cap-a-pie, in search of adventures, tended tragedy on the same subject, by Mr. John ready sketched to his hand, but his version of the advenAdamson, Lusitania Illustrata, part 1, p. 74.

tures of the rueful knight, will, like the writings of ShakeA portrait of the beautiful creature, whose cruel fate speare, be popularly appreciated and revered till the crack has occasioned such a variety of compositions, was en of doom. graved for the embellishment of Mr. Adamson's Memoir of the Life and Writings of Camoens. · It was

CERVANTES’ DON QUIXOTE. taken from a print in a work entitled, Retratos e Elogios In the Grenville Library Catalogue, it is stated there dos Varoens e Doñas que illustraram a Nacao Portu

were two editions of the first volume bearing the date gueza. The original painting was in the possession of

1605; the difference being that one has the privilege the Conde de Redondo.

for Castille only, and the certificate for the Errata, dated I conclude with a query, as I am very desirous of as- |

aş: 1 Dec. 1604. The other has the privilege for Castille, certaining what has become of the copper plate which

Aragon, and Portugal, dated Feb. 9, 1605. In the library was engraved by Skelton, for Mr. Adamson.

of Mr. John Dunn Gardner, was a first volume, the cerHeworth, June 17.

E. H. A.

| tificate being dated the 24th day of December, 1604,

thus constituting a third or intermediate variation. Qu. KEY MODE OF DETECTING THIEVES.

Are these all one and the same edition, differing only in In one of the pocket journals of the Rev. John Price, the alterations on the title and following leaf? A comformerly Keeper of the Bodleian Library, is the follow- parison by any of your Correspondents, would soon ing extract from an old manuscript referring to, it is determine the question, and confer a favor on hoped, a long since gone-by superstitious belief.

June 8. Place a key upright on the 18, 19, 20, and 21 verses of the Fifteenth Psalm, and mention the names of the The Union Society, Oxford, adopted, in this seat of Persons suspected-it will turn and fall down at his learning, as the subject of discussion at a recent meet. ! name, who is the thief.

| ing—That, by late events, some coercion of the press is Oxford, June 4.

F. C. rendered necessary!


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WHO WROTE THE WAVERLEY NOVELS ? Wright in his Observations while attending George, Mr. Fitzpatrick's inquisitorial enquiry into the claims Lord Parker, in his travels through France, lialy, etc., of Sir Walter Scott being the reputed author of the 1720-22, notices—The richest furniture of the Vene-Waverley Novels, to which a dispassionate reply was tian palaces is their paintings, with which they are often printed in Current Notes, June 1856; has at last well stored. We saw several good ones at several | been finally dissolved by the following announcement palaces of the Grimani, there are six or seven families addressed to the Editor, and printed in the Times Newsof that name : Maniani, Grassi, Delfino, Pisani, Bar- | paper of the 5th inst. berigo and others. The finding of Moses, in one of the palaces of the Grimani, that near the Servi, is the

THE WAVERLEY NOVELS. most celebrated piece of Paolo of any that is in private

Sir,-As the daughters of the late Mr. and Mrs. hands; the whole piece is very fine, but what shines Thomas Scott, we desire to offer to the public, through most, as indeed it should, is Pharaoh's daughter; your journal, our full and entire contradiction of a besides the beauty of the lady's person, the exquisite report which has been circulated, and which claims for delicacy of her drapery is surprising.

our parents some participation, less or more, in the
At the Palazzo Pisani is another much celebrated authorship of the Waverley Novels.
piece of Paolo Veronese, it represents Darius's Tent, or We shall be greatly obliged by your giving publicity
rather his family, for the Tent itself is not described in to our declaration, that these surmises are entirely
the picture, We have some copies of it in England.

We have the honour to be, Sir,

Your obedient Servants,

During the last week one of the last monuments of

ANNE RUTHERFORD SCOTT. old New York has disappeared before the advancing

press of business. On a tract of land so far up the June 3.
island as to be out of the reach not only of business but
of population, the foundation stone was laid in the year
1756, for the buildings then and since occupied by

King's College. The institution was liberally endowed Sir Walter Scott revived a great interest in the High-
as things went in those days. When the States cut land clan McGregor, by his vivid impersonation of Rob
loose from the King the name of the institution was Roy, whose character and daring exploits were per-
changed to the more euphonious and republican one of | fectly in keeping with those of his forefathers. But
Columbia, but the buildings and endowments remained. the Clangregoris, was not a mere freebooting and shifty
Population some years ago left it in the rear; and now, body subsisting on black mail and robbery. The
business having quite encircled it, the college authorities chiefs possessed large territories, and inter-married with
have given up their grounds in Park-place, for the con- the inost potent families in the surrounding districts.

of marble warehouses, and have removed the It seems, however, that they were either very turbulent whole institution some four or five miles further up the and lawless, or made themselves so obnoxious to other island, planting it again upon the outskirts of population. neighbouring clans, more especially to the Campbells, Seeing the immense amount of building going on, and that they were engaged in endless feuds, out of which the rapid increase of New York, one is tempted to issued much intrigue, bloodshed, and butchery, till finally speculate whether another century will roll over before / persecution and extirpation fell upon the unhappy and it will again find itself in the midst of business. I see dreaded name. no signs of check in the prosperity of New York. On The crisis of their fate arrived at the beginning of the contrary, more buildings are going on, and of a the 17th century, when for one of their most furious more magnificent character, this year than ever before. and destructive raids eighteen of the principals were Whole streets are again in ruins, on which marble ware- taken to Edinburgh, and there at the Mercat Cross, houses will rise equalling in beauty any warehouses were hanged and quartered, at their head being Alester in the world. Shipping alone is stagnant, and freights Roy M.Gregour of Glenschray, who was hung on ane low; but this can only be temporary, and meanwhile pyn [a pin] an ell higher than the rest. In this promanufactures of almost every branch are concentrating miscuous legal slaughter a variety of names shew that here. If Wouter Van Swiller were to return, and see the Clan Gregor had numerous adherents, who acknowthe quiet places where he used to enjoy his pipe anid ledged their Chieftaincy, and followed them to war, the cares of government; or if Peter the Testy, were to plunder, or death; for we find M·Allesters, M'Neill's, behold the meadows devoted in his day, to pasturing M Conochies, and other Macs, who were all ignomini. the cattle destined for the distant town, now covered with ously suspended on the cross-formed gibbet, so many expensive dwellings, I fancy that those respectable old feet below the elevated distinction of their unfortunate gentlemen would go crazy at once.

leader. But besides this terrible example, others were New York, May 13.

hanged there, and in other places ; and at the same



time, their country was scoured with merciless cruelty, the subjects of quarrel was the allotment of some portions and fugitives were murdered or massacred wherever they of the fincs or rents originally belonging to the obliwere found, sometimes not fewer than a score in the terated tribe for the maintenance of three or four score of struggle and the chase. The gallows on which the their orphan bairns, who were herded together like the M'Gregors suffered in Edinburgh was, we are told, children in a modern poorhouse, and not quite so suffiraised on purpose for them, in the shape of the cross, so ciently provided for. that they might all be suspended together, with Glen- Such was the finale of the wild blood of the clan Greschray at the top. The fashion was indeed so new and gouris which had troubled the Highlands for a hundred original that M Gregour and the gallows was maid a years anterior to the period at which we have taken up comoun proverb.'

their history. For a long time the very name was We might imagine that this process of extinction by never heard; ' till at length Gregorys, Gregersons law and the sword would have completely quelled the Gregsons, and Smiths, the refuge for the destitute, desperate Clan, but, on the contrary so soon after as the began to appear, and, at last, in spite of all danger, the year 1610, i. e. within six or seven years; we have King Mac Gregor again arose and has . flourished among the James the First dispatching the Earl of Dundar for foremost in every walk of life—the army, the civil taking order with them, and settling the Highlands as | service, and the learned professions. he had previously settled the Lowlands or south-borders Before laying down the pen, we may mention two of Scotland. His commission was to call out the noble memorable events connected with the antecedents of and gentlemen of these parts “to pursue the said Clan | ClanGregor exploits and casualties during the sixteenth Gregour, for rooting out of their posterity and name!" century. First, John M.Ewin M.Allaster M Gregour

This was, indeed, to Settle a Country, and yet such ravished Helene Campbell, daughter of Sir Coline Campwere the good old times—times when the strongest bell of Glenarquhay, Knight, and widow of Lochbuy, took what they could and kept it against all invaders. and of their two grandsons one died of the hurt of an The proscribed M Gregours could not hold their own arrow going betwixt Glenlyon and Rannoch; and the against this accumulated force, but Providence respited other, his brother Gregor, was beheaded by Coline them for a while.

Campbell, the nephew of the lady from whose enBeing fiercely, straitlie' pursued, they fled to an forced union he had the fate to spring. Allaster Rov. Isle called Hanvernak in Monteith, where' by order of his son, was the unfortunate individual who was elevated the Secret Counsell,' they were in February 1611 be- | to the pyn' of the Gallows-cross in the sanguinary sieged by the array called out against them ; but the execution at the Mercat Cross of Edinburgh. impending vengeance was `haistily dissolved through ane The massacre at Glencoe, so extenuated by Macaulay, vehement storme of snaw. Of three of their leaders, and a series of vengeful incidents after the battle of however, one was slain, and two were sent prisoners to

Culloden re-shadowed forth durirg two hundred and Edinburgh to be dealt with!

fifty years the olden order of things in the days of the The Earl of Dunbar having died, several other com

ClanGregor. Balmoral, and Taymouth, and Drummissions were issued, and a furious desultory warfare mond Castle, witness other sights; and perhaps the was carried on, the M Gregors ravaging the lands of happiest parts of the British Isles are those very districts the Campbells, and in one of their forays killing forty where lawless oppression and vindictive fury without let great mares and their followers in Glenurgquhay, whence or hindrance reigned so long. Well may the present the Marquis of Breadalbane takes his second title of generation, but in an opposite sense, ask with Macduff. Lord Glenorchy; together with a fair courser sent to

Stands Scotland where it did ? the Laird from the Prince out of Lor.don. The revenge for this barbarous act, which nearly annihilated a EXPENDITURE ON THE NATIONAL COLLECTIONS. zealous endeavour to improve the Highland breed of The accounts for the financial year ending in April horses, contemporary, by the by, with the introduction 1857, shew that in the year 1856-7, there has been exand propagation of fir trees by the same influence; was pended on the National Collections 202,4671. against exemplarily savage and not long delayed. The M Gre- 228,8661. disbursed in 1855-6. gors now held together to the number of six or seven To the British Museum Establishment was approscore of men, but were pursued by superior force through priated 49,4601. To the buildings, 49,7681. and to Balquihidder, Monteith, and Lennox till brought to a purchases, 20,4541. stand at Benbuie in Argyle, where they were defeated To the National Gallery, 12,0771., and to Scientific with great slaughter, and the prisoners hanged on the Works and Experiments, 5,8151. spot where the mares were killed.

To the Royal Geographical Society, 5001. ; to the From that date they were so scattered that never Department of Science and Art, 58,9661,; to the above the number of ten or twelve, met again. The Museum of Practical Geology, 7,3121.; and to the Royal despoiliug of the Clan led to great controversy, and the Society, 10001. partition of their forfeited property and lands was the The total amount expended on the purchase and laysource of violent disputes, even ainong the near rela- | ing out of the Kensington Gore estate, from 1851 to tions and families of those who had ruined them. Among | 1856 to 1856 inclusive, is 277,3091.

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