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Johnson, residence in Inner Temple , Napoleon's Campaign in Russia? reply, | Saints' Days in English Calendar, 89. lane, 65, 68.


Schultz ab Ascherade? 15. -- visit to Montrose, 10.

*Napoleon's Chair at St. Helena, 83. Science its pre-eminence, 40. Johnsonian Reliques, 83. Proposed National Gallery, 21, 31.

Scot and lot, what implied ? reply, 16. Johnsonian Museum, 89, 90. National Gallery expenditure, 44. *Scottish Merchants' marks, 3-5. Jones, Owen, commended for gold Naval Trophy at Deal, 1.

Scottish Over-door Inscriptions, 12. medal, 20. Neri, San Filippo, noticed, 1.

Scottish Presbyteries, 9. Jortin, Dr., Epitaph on his Cat: the Newspapers, 1673-83, 30; An old Scottish Witch Charm, 31. same imitated, 34.

Newspaper has charms, 20.

Scott and the Newcastle Antiquaries, Junto, meaning of the word? reply, 68. New York Book-trade embarrassment, 35, 36. Keith, Viscountess, notices of, 29.


Scott Family Perpetuity, 45. Kensington Gore estate expenditure, 44. | Nightingale, Florence, Lines to, 81. Sleeps like a top? reply, 48. Kent and Surrey Archæology, 70, 71. s. Ninian's Masonic Lodge, 3. Smith's Collectanea Antiqua, 68. Kentish Families, Arms of various, 59,60. November the Fifth Memorable, 84. *Spence, Sir John, particulars of, 94. Kentish Epitaphs, 8.

Nursery Song, Hinx Minx, etc. 21. Sterne's God tompers the Wind ? 55. King's College, New York, 43.

Oak entwined by the Ivy, why? 36. Steward, History of Lord High ? reply, King's Evil Touching? reply, 8. Pro- | O'Brien, Nelly, Reynolds' portraits of,79. 88.

clamation respecting regulations, 18. | Ode in III. Non. Jul. 1851, 86; trans. Stonehenge, meaning of the word, 16. Kit Kat Club? reply, 22.

lation, 95.

Tann's Well, Fersfield, noticed, 8. Kit Kat Club Portraits, notes on, 49, Oliver's Dutch Crown? reply, 31. Tantamount, original meaning? replies, 51, 58.

Oram, poet of Shaftesbury? reply, 80. 56, 64.
Knights of St. John, 22.
Oratorios, their origin, 1.

Taste variable in principle, 96.
Kruger Collection of Pictures, 21. Over door Inscriptions, 12.

Telegram defined, 74. Lady and Spaniels? reply, 21, 26. | Oxford, Free Press obnoxious to, 42. Thames Street, unrecorded fire, 5. Lansdowne Manuscripts, for what sum Pack, Christopher, artist, noticed, 87 n. Thief detection by a key, 42. obtained, 51.

Pantheon Balloon Exbibition, 23. Thornton, Bonnell, writer in the AdLa Trappe, obituary of Monks, 43. Parkhurst, Bishop, Verses by, 26.

venturer, 13, 14. Leicester Square statue ? reply, 56. Patriot band, whence derived ? 37. Thrale's unpublished letters, 84. Lent Festivals in Rome, 2.

Perthshire Epitaphs, 19, 20, 88. Tintoret's painted hands and feet, 46. Lettre de Cachet? reply, 63.

Pindar, Peter, Anecdotes of, 22, 23. Tomb of Queen Catherine Parr? 53. Liberal and Conservative defined, 60. Piper of Hamelin tradition, 28. Touching for King's Evil, 18. Liliorum Ortus, 78. Translation, 91. Pippins formerly in high vogue, 7 n. Tweedale Mansion, Peebles, 29. Limerick Cathedral, Epitaph in, 57. | Poor Joe all alone ? reply, 56.

Two Poets in one Family, 18. The same elucidated, 70.

Pope's translation of Xavier's Hymn, Ugonottorum Strages Medal, 46. Little Learning dangerous ? reply, 58. 33; Manuscripts possessed by Boling- University Booksellers and Stationers, London Coffeehouses in Seventeenth broke, 35; Did good by stealth'?! 64. Century, 86, 87.

49; replies, 58; rowed in a sedan Uwins, R.A., inedited letters, 68, 96. Love Song, Early English, 20.

chair, 74.

Venetian House painted exteriors, 46. Macgregor Clan Feuds, 43, 44. Porcelain Collections, 81.

Veronese, Paul, la Tenda di Dario, 31, Mclan's Scottish Costume, 1.

Porter, Jane, inedited letter, 39, 40. 43.
Madron Church inscription, 34.
Portuguese Hymn ? reply, 87.

Victoria, Queen, Latin Verses on MarManchester Art Treasures Exhibition,48. Praise of the Horn-book, 29, 30.

riage of, 41; translation, 52. Man who stopped the King ? reply, 87. | Prayer-books temp. Edward VI. 79. Victoria, Latin Verses on same occasion, Mar's Wark inscription, 12.

Proclamation respecting King's Evil, 26, 52.
Mason-marks in Scotland, 3.
Provincial Rhymes, 17.

Vidocq, of Police notoriety, his death,40.
Matrimonial Flitch of Bacon, 48. Prussian claim to Neufchatel, 2. Wallington's Journal ? reply, 2.
Mary, Queen of Scots, abduction site, 13. Prymer, temp. Qu. Elizabeth, 30. Wall's End Church Salver described, 24.
Medallic query, 21.

Queen's Fool, 55.

| Warburton, Bp. Inedited letter, 92. •Merchants' Marks, Early Scottish, 3,5. Rae's Schooner Iceberg' lost, 68. Wardian Cases want of moisture ! 68. *Merchants' Marks at Faversham, 54, Rambler and Adventurer, 13, 15. Ware, Irish Historian's arms, 31.

55; William Grevel of Campden, 88; Ranson, engraver, notice of, 27 n. Warton, Dr. Joseph, contributor to AdSir John Spencer, 94; Sir John Raphael's Five Cartoons, 38.

venturer, 14, 15. Melbourne, 95.

Ratcliffe's grave discovered, 63. *Watts, Lord Mayor, notice of, 81, 82. Micat inter Omnes, 87.

Reynolds' Claude picture copy, 69. Waverley Novels question decided, 43. *Milbourne, Sir John, alms-house in Reynolds' Love Letters, 75-78. Wedding Posies, 41. scriptions, 95.

Rhine Roman Terra Cotta Forgeries, 47. Well, Surnames ending in ? reply, 8. Millan, John, bookseller, noticed, 47.

ur-cornered hat, 55.

Wickliffe's Version of New Testament, Milton, founder of the Calves Head Richter, Henry, artist, his death, 32. 96. Club? 45; Register minute of his Rogers' monument, 20.

Wilkie, Sir David, Letter of, 52. burial, 19.

Roman graves discovered, 73. | Winchelsea, Anne Countess of? reply, Mitre Tavern, in Fleet Street, 67. Roman Lunar Months, 32. S. Monacella's Lambs ? reply, 17. Roubiliac misrepresented, 38, 39. Wolcot, Dr. John, anecdotes of, 22, 23, Montrose Episcopal Chapel, 10.

Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch elucidated, Wreck of the Royal George ? 63; reMuff monumental inscription, 15.

io, 18.

plies, 71. Mysteries in England, I.

Russell, Lord John, letter respecting Xavier's Hymn, translated by Pope, 33, Napoleon the First, whence named, 64./ Tragedy of Don Carlos, 24. | Yankee Doodle Song, stray verses, 36.

Richelieu's four-com

his death, 32.



«« Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

(JANUARY, 1857.

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ORIGIN OF ORATORIOS. On the esplanade at Deal, at the southern extremity, Oratorios divided into scenes, and usually in three stands a now much dilapidated old house, built appa- | acts or parts, in imitation of theatrical representations, rently some two or three hundred years since, and in but always on sacred subjects derived from scripture or the front, abutting on the end of the promenade, is church hisis

the promenade, is church history, and set to grave and solemn music in seen imbedded in the wall, what appears to be an early order to be rocally and instrumentally performed in a heraldic shield of arins, impaled, with its bearings right

church or elsewhere, during Lent, seem never before the and left; but on closer inspection it is evidently the

seventeenth century to have been entirely sung, but stern of some old decorated boat, of which a lady having chiefly declaimed with incidental airs and chorusses. made a correct sketch, I send you a fac-simile.

They are not to be confounded with the early Miracle77 The field or ground is painted plays, the Mysteries, or similar Interludes which even

red, embossed with black mouldings, in England may possibly date from before the Norman and bearing on the dexter side a Conquest. None of the Mysteries are totally without gilded sun enrayed, and rather be- | music, as there are chorusses and laudi, or hymns, which low it, what may be supposed to be in all of them were sung, and in others accompanied by the planet Mars. On the sinister performances on instruments between the acts. Cresside, is the Crescent, or half moon cembini states that in a rappresentatione sacra teatrale

accompanied by the planet which written by Damiani, and printed at Siena, 1519, there one may infer to be Venus. These ornaments stand was at the beginning of every act an octave stanza, boldly forth in burnished gold. In the centre, in pale, which was to be sung to the scund of the lyra viol, by a is evidently the raised part to which the rudder was personage called Orpheus, who was solely retained for formerly attached. None of the old pilots or boatmen that purpose; at other times a madrigal was sung appear to know anything respecti..g this relic, beyond between the acts, after the manner of a chorus. what has been traditionally handed down to them, | All Italian writers on the subject agree that these namely that the original proprietor of the premises was sacred musical dramas had their beginning in the time a seafaring man, who had been much in foreign parts, of San Filippo Neri, who is numbered by Quadrio and having made capture of a Dutch ship, built the among Italian improvisatori ; and with whom, about house on this spot, close to high water mark of the sea, I

1558, originated the congregation of the Priests of the and placed the decoration in the wall, as a record of the Oratory at Rome. Oratorii, Ital., Oratoires, Fr., Anglice event, and as an heir-loom to his family.

Chapels, imply the spaces between the arches of Romish Hasted mentions the unsuccessful attempt in 1648, churches, where there is an altar, and are so designated. of Prince Charles subsequently Charles the Second, to By degrees this order spread itself all over Italy, and it land here from a fleet, and it is not impossible, this appears these fathers in whatever city of Italy, they had might be the stern of one of the boats belonging to one an establishment, entertained their congregations with of the ships.

good music. During the service and after the sermon, Harbledown, Jan. 1.

M. D.

it was usual for them, among other pious exercises, in Qu. More probably the stern of some French war ship's order to allure youth to church, and keep them from seboat, captured on some memorable occasion in conflict with cular amusements, to have hymns, psalms and other the English and Dutch ? possibly La Hogue, in May, 1692 ? spiritual laudi or songs, sung either in chorus, or by a

single favourite voice, divided into two parts, the one

performed before the sermon, and the other after it. COSTUME OF THE CLANS OF SCOTLAND.

The first collection of the words of Hymns and Mr. R. R. Mc lan, A.R.A. Edinb., after a long and Psalms song in the chapel of San Filippo Neri was severe illness, died Dec. 13th last. His interesting published in Rome in 1585, entitled Laudi Spirituali, national work, the Costume of the Clans, the whole stampate ad istanza de R. R. P. P. della Congregatione being admirably delineated in the colours peculiar to dell'Oratorio. The second in 1603, Laudi Spirituali dieach, with historical descriptions, having become the verse solite cantarsi dopo Sermoni da' P. P. della Congreg. property of Messrs. Willis and Sotheran, they have dell'Oratorio. Among these were dialogues in a dracommenced a re-issue of the work, in parts, as con. matic form. ducted by Mr. Mc lan, but have reduced the price to Simple as the manner would seem, in which this one-third of the original publication price.

| practice of devotion was begun with only spiritual canVOL. VII.



tatos, or songs, on moral subjects, they in order to render

WALLINGTON'S JOURNAL. the service still more attractive, instituted Oratorios on In answer to the enquiry made in Notes and Queries, some sacred story or event from the scripture, written in

Vol. V. p. 489, I replied, stating that the Manuscript

vol verse, and set by the best poets or musicians of the

was in my possession ; it was purchased by me of Mr. time. These being composed in dialogue, and rendered

Andrews of Bristol, who obtained it on the dispersion of imposing to the congregations, such interest was excited

the library of the late Mr. Walter Wilson of Bath, in by the performance of the first part, there was no fear

whose sale Catalogue it appears as A Bundel of Merthat any of the hearers would retire during the sermon,

cys, etc.' Whilst in Mr. Wilson's possession, he had it or till they had heard the second. Among the subjects

handsomely bound by Riviere, but from whom or whence selected for the purposes of representation were the Good

he obtained the manuscript I am unable to state ; if my Samaritan, Job and his friends, the Prodigal Son, Tobit

copy is not the original, it is of contemporary date, and with the Angel, his father and his wife; these with

bears evident marks of having been written at different others, by the excellence of the composition, the band of

times, although the same hand may be traced throughout. instrumental performers and the general superiority of

The manuscript embraces a later period than that the performance brought the Oratory into such repute

stated in the last number of Current Notes, and copthat the congregations greatly increased in numbers, and

tains curious and interesting matter relative to the hence this species of sacred musical drama wherever Civil w

wherever Civil Wars with Wallington's reflections on the same; performed became known by the generally accepted ap- l it is a small quarto, and arranged under various head. pellation of Oratorio.* Venuti, Roma Moderna, 1766, 1;

|ings, of which a Bundel of Mercys' is one. p. 207, intimates--in the church of San Girolamo della

4, St. John's Terrace, Oxford. Join GODWIN. Carita, in that city, Oratorios were still constantly performed on Sundays and Festivals from All Saints'

The enquiry in Notes and Queries refers to the ManuDay till Palm Sunday: and also in the church of La script purchased at the Gulston sale in 1784, by George Vallicella, or the Chiesa Nuova, where there were simi

Baker, of St. Paul's Churchyard, for 21. 118. The

volume, with the Gulston crest on the binding, is now as lar performances from November the first till Easter.

stated in Current Notes, in the Corporation Library, GuildThese spiritual spectacles had their beginning in these ball. Upcott became its possessor in 1822, and in the two churches, but the practice has been extended to so Gentleman's Magazine, Nov. 1824, pp. 387-388, he printed many of the other churches in Rome, that there is not a long extract from it, in reference to the destructive fire a day in the year, during which some one or more of on London Bridge, that began in the night of Feb. 13th, these representations may not be heard ; and as lists of 1632-3, but scantily described by Stow's continuators. Oratorios and other Funzioni to be performed in the Nehemiah Wallington, the tenth child of Jobn and Elizacourse of the year, in the several churches are published, beth Wallington, was born on Saturday, May 12, 1598, at similarly to our lists of Lent preachers, considerable 5 a.m. Was by trade a turner, and sold bedsteads, chairs, emulation arises among the directors and performers,

etc., in Little Eastchenp, and by the autobiographically and a concurrent solicitude of gratification on the part of

recorded particulars of himself and his family, appears to

hare been a great fool. The Gulston volume though enthe persons constituting the several congregations.

titled-A Record of the Mercies of God; or a Thankefull

Remembrance, is dated December xxv, 1630, but contains PRUSSIA AND NEUFCHATEL.

transcripts of other memoranda and papers from 1619. The father of the present King of Prussia having ob- Subsequently he writes – tained from Napoleon permission to deprive the King of

The beginning of November, 1647, my sonne, John Hor. England of the Electorate of Hanover, concluded at

thon and I did begine to reade in this Booke euery morning Vienna, on Dec. 15, 1805, a provisionary Convention,

by our selnes alone, and by God's marcy We have read

| ouer this Booke, January ye xxxi, 1647(-8.] whereby Prussia surrendered to France the territories

Another memorandum states of Anspach, Bareuth, Cleves, and Neufchatel.

March the third, 1653, I thought with Solomon to looke

Jouer all my works or bookes that my hands did write, and * Doni in his Trattato della Musica Scenica, speaking of | I first begine with this Booke this morning, the Lord Oratorios, observes that by a spiritual representation, he did sanctify it to me that I may see what Marcys he hath done not mean the gross, vulgar and legendary kind of drama veed for me of old, and giue him all the praise and glory of it. by the nuns and monks in convents, which were unworthy | Later still, when it would seem he had compleated his of the name of poetry, but such elegant and well con- | 60th year, at p. 515 is the following note.structed poetical fables as that of S. Alexis, by the inge- May xxi, 1658, I haue by God's marcy read ouer this nious Giulio Rospigliosi, many times represented, and

my writting booke, which I haue read ouer many times, always with applause. The Oratorio of S. Alexis, which is

*18, which is but now I obsearue more then in former time I did which omitted in the Drammaturgia, though printed in score, in 1 haue banded. and here followes some of that which I folio, 1634; was set to music by Stefano Landi of the Papal

obsarue for my Soules good. chapel, and represented in the Barberini Palace, at Rome,

An Index to certain religious aspirations follows. Walon a stage and in action, with dances, machinery and every lington was very illiterate, and sad blunders in orthography kind of splendid dramatic decoration, of which a glowing are found throughout; even the John Horthon, who it description is given in the preface and a letter prefixed to

would seem was his son-in-law, appears, September ix, the volume.

1658, to be really Jonathan Houghton.


of Hiram-an idea which is supported by the great Many years have passed since I collected Merchants similarity of the Marks of Merchants, to those of Marks from tomb-stones, and Masons' marks from old Masons, the latter having from remote antiquity reecclesiastical and baronial buildings, and must confess

tained certain devised private marks upon their tools, I then attached very little value to either, except as

which they also cut and left upon the blocks of stone mere curiosities. Many of these which I had collected,

Wested which they respectively dressed or finished, and in through the little regard paid to them, have in conse

various official capacities attached to their signatures. quence been lost, and this I the more regret, since the

The Archäologia, vol. XXIV. contains an excellent frequent notices in Current Notes of Early Merchants' paper on the Use of Mason-Marks in Scotland, by the Marks in England have appeared, I am led to believe

late eminent Scotish antiquary, Patrick Chalmers, Esq. there may be more in ther than I at first imagined. of Aldbar. Two plates of Mason-Marks accompany Should these Merchants' Marks now selected from the

his observations-one of these shows the marks upon remains of my gatherings in Scotland, with the accom

some old ecclesiastical and baronial buildings in Anpanying memoranda, be worthy a place in Current

gusshire; and the other, is a selection of private marks Notes, you are most welcome to them.

from the cash-book of the St. Ninian's Lodge of FreeThese marks are evidently of the same class as those

masons in Brechin, extending from 1714 to 1847. These which have hitherto appeared in Current Notes; not were mostly taken from my collection of Mas

were mostly taken from my collection of Mason-Marks, any one of them being in themselves quite the same in

Cavite the same in since greatly increased ; and a glance at these plates design. They are all from Free stone monuments,

will at once evince the close resemblance of some of the brasses being extremely rare in Scotland. The earliest

marks of the early Scotish Merchants here engraved, here described is from Stirling, and with the exception to those of the practical Freemasons which are in the of two others from the old Grey Friars' burial ground | Archæologia but partially represented. at Perth, all the rest are from the old burying ground at Dundee. The delineation of the whole is not only

This pleasingly designed mobroad and vigorous, containing certain traces of indivi

nogram is from a stone in the

old burial ground of Stirling, dual character and a degree of mathematical exactness

and in which there are others in their various parts, but also present an ingenuity in

very similar. The date 1523, is design, and delicacy in execution, which cannot be too

all that remains, the inscription much admired. Waving the old idea that the common sign 4 was

has been effaced.

On a stone in the old burial symbolical of mercantile trading to the four quarters of

ground or Houff of Dundee, to the globe, in which after all there may be some truth? I may observe that the remark of your Correspondent,

the memory of a burC. N. p. 48, of Merchants not being permitted to assume

gess, named Thomas Heraldic insignia is not borne out by those in Scotland,

Simson, 1579, is the at least so far as I have yet seen, there being scarcely

fanıily coat, and his a tomb-stone from which the marks in this communica

mark, in which quaint

design tion have been taken, but had also the family arms of

his initials the persons thereon commemorated. I deduce an in

may be traced. stance in that of Thomas Simson, 1579. These family

Upon the same stone are arms have constantly precedence of the marks, beingh

no these lines : – either at the top, in the centre, or on the left side of

Man tak hed to me, hov thov sal be, the stone.*

Qvhan thov art dead; It is almost superfluous to observe that those curious

Drye as a trie, vermes sal eat ye, marks are either monogrammatic, or display some

Thy great bovti sal be lik lead.

Ye time hath bene, in my zovt grene, vagary in their designs, and I cannot help thinking that

That I ves clene of bodie as ye ar ; they originated from those of the more ancient disciples

Byt for my eyen, nov tvo holes bene,

Of me is sene, byt benes bare. • The instances, kindly communicated by our corres. pondent, refer to the sixteenth century, at which time wealth and the position of gentility doubtless obtained for many persons grants of arms from the Heralds, to which their families had not the slightest claim. In the earlier ages merchants had their marks, and no arms, an instance presents itself, in a seal now before the writer, the legend being SIGILLV' ROBERTI DE GLEN; he was burgess of the city of St. Andrews, 1337, and his mark with the R and G entwined, is within an architecturally devised compartment, the design pro

The first of these, is on a stone to John Garden, a bably derived from the shrines of that day. Ed. | burgess, 1581 ; the second from a stone bearing the

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name of Robert Peblis, 1582; and the third, the name after exercised much influence in the affairs of Dundee. illegible, but bearing the initials, P. A. E. S. 1598. Upon Zeaman's stone is the following couplet, not un

Built into the west wall of the burial ground, and oc- commonin Du ndee. cupying the space of three recesses, is a stone having TO HONOR YE SEPVLTOR VE MAY BE BALD: both these monograms;


on a stone dated 1617, but all else
is effaced. The R. M. on the fol.
lowing is the mono-
gram of Robert Mure-
son, 1637. The stone
was placed there by his
widow Helen Collie,

and a slab built into a
referring to James Mudie, a baillie of Dundee. Here wall at the head of the stone bears an in-
also as a decoration were formerly the old family | scription-
arms. The inscription is given in Menteith's The-

ater of Mortality, but all that now remains are
the words-In Monvmentvm Sepvltvræ Familia Mv-
deorvm erexit Jacobvs Mvdevs, Anno 1602.

is the recorded mark of Thomas Bover, skinner
and merchant burgess. Upon a
stone raised by William Chap-
lane in memory of his wife
Agnes Dorward, who died in
1603. The arms of the Chap-
lane and Dorward families are

The dates of these three are doubtful, but appear to on this stone, at the foot of

be of the early part of the seventeenth century. The which is the quaint memento

first is on a stone to the memory of a David Blair, all

else is effaced. The second is from a monument to one VILIAME CHEPLANE VOS YE DOEIR OF YIS.

John Zoung now Young, who possibly was related to Sir Peter Young, co-tutor with Buchanan, to King James the Sixth; Sir Peter's father having been a burgess of Dundee, where he died in 1583. The name and date on the stone bearing the third mark are wholly illegible.

The monogram of Alexander Copping; when placed here is not very clear, the date being effaced and wholly illegible. The initial letter C. is not as might be

inferred cut to the same breadth and The first of these is the monogram of Robert Kandor,

upon the same level as the shaft upon also a burgess of Dundee. The two next, belong to two

s which it is placed, but is proportionately persons surnamed Goldman ; the father 1607, and the

narrow and inserted into the centre of son, 1632. The Goldman family were in their day the

the shaft by means of a slit in the centre, • Merchant Princes' of Dundee, and owners of large the upper bend of the circle of the C being slipped under possessions in landed property, but their race and name the left half of the shaft, and the under circle below the have been long since extinct. These marks have a pe- right half. The undulations of that part of the shaft, culiar interest, as shewing that different members of one consequent upon this arrangement are beautifully devefamily adopted different devices.

loped on the stone, a mural tablet, in the vicinity of Nos. is upon a stone bearing the name of Robert 7 and 8. With the name Alexander Copping, are also Fairvedder, litster, or wooldyer, who died the initials I. P. Copping in his day was a merchant in 1609. The next, bearing

and burgess of some note.
the oddly conjoined initials

These initials refer to James
D. Z., the lower termina-

Pierson, a burgess and sea-
tion of the latter by a freak

man, who died in 1660; but of the mason being lapped

no particulars either in ex- D over to form the first, per

planation of the monogram or I tains to David Zemane or Yeaman, 1610;

of the initials P. K. are obwhose descendants were opulent and long


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