Page images

when he stated Johnson commenced with the forty-fifth

RESEARCHES IN FORFARSHIRE. number, on April 10th, for his own share; the three

The hill of Laws, in Forfarshire, an isolated posi. previous papers being sold to Payne for Dr. Bathurst's tion, about two miles north of the point where the river personal advantage, and possibly all the share the latter | Tay falls into the sea, has hitherto been considered a had in any way in the Adventurer.

vitrified site; but the excavations now going on rather Chalmers' assertion “Dr. Hawkesworth's share of

tend to overturn that idea, and here are found the rethe Adventurer amounts exactly to a half, or seventy | mains of a loose stone work, gigantic in size, and so far papers," is, by this letter, proved to be a flourish upon as is known to the writer, unique in character. These fancy; it is not sufficiently clear what portion of the excavations are being made by the proprietor. James first thirty-eight were really from his pen, as by Payne's Neish, Esq., solely for the purpose of clearly ascertainletter it appears of the remaining one hundred and two

|ing the character of the work which covers the summit papers Hawkesworth wrote but thirty-nine. Nos. 77, of the hill. The pin here shewn, was found among 78, and 79, subscribed FIDELIA, and bearing the mark debris at a considerable depth, it is nearly four inches Y, were written by Miss Mulso, who, in 1760, became Mrs. Chapone. No. 90, printed Saturday, Sept. 15, 1753, with the signature & was contributed by Colman, subsequently the conductor of The Connoisseur ; it displays an erudite knowledge of literary history and criticism; and was, in fact, no mean inerit to have produced

long, beautifully enamelled upon brass, and apparently such a paper at the early age of twenty.

by the same process as that now in use. It is submitted The arrangements spoken of by Payne as to the completion were ultimately otherwise, as Hawkesworth con

in the hope that some correspondent to Current Notes tributed Nos. 135 and 136; Johnson, Nos. 137 and 138;

may throw some light upon the period and the people

when these sort of articles were in use? and Warton, in No. 139, undertook to explain the design

Posterity will

| be indebted to the liberality of the proprietor in thus of the critical papers in the Adventurer; Hawkesworth, in

effecting a discovery of one of the most singular conthe last, giving an account of the general plan and conclusion of the work-in this he pathetically concludes —

structions yet exemplified in Scotland. Time, who is impatient to date my last paper, will

A. J.

Brechin, Feb. 16. shortly moulder the hand that is now writing it in the dust, and still the breast that now throbs at the reflection ; but let not this be read as something that relates The following inscription I copied a few months since only to another; for a few years only can divide the eye | in Richmond churchyard, Surrey. That the Lady's that is now reading, from the hand that has written. | husband was a Muff by nature, as well as by name, is This awful truth, however obvious, and however reitera- | unquestioned. ted, is yet frequently forgotten; for, surely, if we did not

Rood Lane, Feb. 7.

W. WILLIAMS. lose our remembrance, or at least our sensibility, that view would always predominate in our lives, which alone

Sacred to the Memory can comfort us when we die.


ANNE MUFF, wife of William Muff, SCHULTZ AB AscAERADE.—Res sub Ævo gestas

who departed this Life Memoriæ tradidit Carl Gust. Schultz ab Ascherade

17 May, 1842, aged 50 years. Hagæ Comitum apud P. F. Goffe, 1787 ; 8vo. pp. 295. Deplore with me my Friends The volume printed on a thick paper, in Octavo, has

My Wife she is dead, the pages of type of a duodecimo size, with wide The pride of my House it is gone, margin, and contains two portraits, one of Frederick II., On a pillow of turf she reposes her head; King of Prussia, the other of William Pitt, Earl of And her bosom is bound with the green. Chatham. Some notice of the author C. G. Schultz ab Those Lips were my own, where in kisses perfumed Ascherade is particularly required, and most biographical

Yield now a coldness to the worm and bibliographical Dictionaries, English and Foreign, Soon in dust and decay have been consulted but in vain, with the exception of Must her charms be consumed the Dictionary partially published by the Society for the And no relic be left of her form. Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, in which under Asche Her death Bed fresh flowers shall religiously grace rade, reference is made to Schultz, but the seven As each mornings Dews & Sunbeams return, volumes of that work only extended to the end of the And the hand of affection shall tremblingly trace letter A. Qu., What was the source from which the

This record one the best of her Urn. Editors derived their notes respecting this Schultz ? Here rests a fine Woman who was sent from above

Ascherade is a town in Bavaria, six miles north of To teach graces and virtue to man, Carlstadt.

But God when he saw her in bad hands Feb. 14.

R. T.

Took pity and recalled her to Heaven again.

SCOT AND LOT.-We read in some of the Cornish | Saxon, Stonehenge can mean nothing but the stonehistories that the right of voting extended to all the in- gallowses.' habitants paying Scot and Lot.' I shall feel greatly The various accounts that have been given of these obliged to any reader of Current Notes who will inform wonderous stones would fill a volume; but I question me what this term means?

whether any, even an Antediluvian and Mammoth Penzance, Feb. 16.

W. | hypothesis, is as startling as Mr. Kemble's. As he Scot and Lot are words adopted from the Saxons by our quotes no

quotes no authorities for any assertion that he makes, ancestors, and incorporated by them into our vernacular

| we must deal with his statements as we best can; and tongue; the former from sceat, a part or portion, the latter

I think I can shew that there is no foundation for his

strange opinion that the Triliths had been used as from Llot, lot or chance. The term signified a customary contribution laid upon all subjects according to their ability.

gallowses, seeing that his analysis of the name is not at In the laws of William the Conqueror, ch, 125, it is directed

all to be depended on. -all Frenchmen, as well as English, should, according to

Stánhengen, if there ever was such a word, did not, the English law, observed in the reign of his predecessor and could not, mean 'stone-gallows.' We find the word King Edward, pay Scot and Lot. The words are there | hengen occurring several times in the Anglo-Saxon Anhlote and Anscote. Again, Hoveden, under 1088, states Laws. In King Ethelred's (p. 142) hengen-nitnung,

-Rex omne injustum Scottum interdixit. Scot, at times is translated imprisonment, and in the Laws of Cnut, in early records written Scoth, is also in the sense of a con (p. 170) a friendless man must submit to prison, and tributory payment to any particular object or tax, frequently abide there—pone gebuge he hengenne and pær gebide, 80 indicated by early foreign jurists and lawyers. The etc. In Mr. Thorpe's Glossary, Hengen is defined charter of William, Earl of Flanders, confirming the Cus- Ergastulum, a prison in which those confined were contoms of St. Omer, in 1127, enacts– Nullum Scot, nullum

demned to hard labour;' and Hengwite is the fine for talliam, nullam pecuniæ suæ petitionem, ab eis requiro.

letting an offender escape from prison, hengen. StánSpelman derives the origin of the terms Scot and Lot as already stated, from William the Norman, nor are these old

hengen therefore means a stone prison, and can mean words grown obsolete, for whoever in like manner (though

nothing but a stone-prison ; but the real word is Stonenot by equal proportion) are assessed to any contribution,

henge, and the form given in Henry of Huntingdon, are generally said to pay Scot and Lot. See Statute 33 · apud Stanenges,' proves that hengen was not the Henry VIII. cap. 9.

latter part of it. Whether henge is adjective or substantive, or what its precise meaning was, there is, I

fear, no evidence to shew; but till we find this in an MEANING OF THE WORD STONEHENGE.

intelligible form, we may as well acknowledge our One never thinks it worth while to notice the innu- ignorance; bold assertions, assuredly, will not help us merable etymologies with which we are so often favoured at all.

IOTA. by gentlemen who con over their Welsh or Hebrew Dictionaries. They may be very clever and ingenious, | Lord Lyndhurst's expression which occasioned so but satisfactory only to the discoverer himself. When, much umbrage, that 'the Irish were aliens in blood, however, a scholar like Mr. J. M. Kemble publishes his and language, and religion,' appears to have a classical interpretation of a word, and that word Anglo-Saxon, it authority in Livy, XXIV., 3. becomes a very different matter, and I dare say 999 Morituros se, affirmabant Crotoniatæ, citius quam people out of a thousand would receive the explanation immixti Bruttiis in alienos ritus mores legesque ac mox without doubt or questioning. It seems, therefore, most linguam etiam verterentur. desirable to have any errors, if errors there be, from

F. E.G. such a source, at once set right; and for this reason I now trouble you with some remarks upon · A Note about

ST. IVES' LOVING CUP. the word Stonehenge,' which will be found in a late When this town was first denominated a borough has number of your excellent contemporary, Notes and become a disputed question, but it was fully incorporated Queries.

in 1639. The charter of Incorporation was procured by In this Note,' Mr. Kemble says : Now, the pro- | Sir Francis Basset, then member for St. Ives, who in per form of word in Anglo-Saxon was Stanhengena, or honour of the event presented to the Corporation, a possibly Stanhengen, in the first case being plural, in

cup on which was engraved the following inscription : the second singular, therefore either the stone-gallowses,'

If any discord 'twixt my friends arise, or the stone-gallows. After a column of remarks, some

Within the Borough of beloved St. Ives, true enough, but not much to the purpose, and others

It is desyned that this my Cupp of Love, to the purpose, but more than doubtful, he concludes

To every one a peace-maker may prove: thus : I think it however quite possible that the Triliths

Then I am blest to have given a legacie may have served as gallowses on some grand occasion";

So like my harte unto posteritie. and that after a defeat, some British leaders may have

FRANCIS BASSET, Anno 1640. been sacrificed by tying them up to Woden on the same. Is it known that this Loving Cup is still extant ? But as long as the Anglo-Saxon language is Anglo- Penzance, Feb. 16.


No. LXXV.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[MARCH, 1857.


PROVINCIAL RHYMES. Recently reading a volume of Popular Stories, I Halliwell in his Nursery Rhymes. 1844, p. 47. notices found hares are there designated · Saint Monacella's some scholastic' linesLambs ;' but on referring to the list of Saints' days in Nicolas's Chronology of History, no such saint is there

In fir tar is, in oak none is. noticed. Can any reader of Current Notes kindly

In mud eel is, in clay none is. inform me who Saint Monacella was, and why hares are

Goat eat ivy, man eat oats. so particularly under her tutelage ?

and observes— the joke consists in saying these lines Hastings, March 10.

M. A. G. so quick that it cannot be told whether it is English or

gibberish. For the version now printed, more complete The legend of St. Monacella relates that she was the

she was the than the one given by Chambers, I am indebted to Prodaughter of an Irish Monarch, who had determined to

fessor De Morgan, who has heard it in Dorsetshire.' As marry her to a nobleman of his court. She had however vowed celibacy, fled from her father's dominions, and took

a reference to their probable antiquity, he also states the refuge in Wales, where she lived fifteen years without see

words in the last line are qnoted in a manuscript of the ing the face of man. At length, Brochwel Yscythrog,

fifteenth century, Sloane Coll. 4; see Reliquæ Antiquæ, Prince of Powis, one day hare-hunting, pursued his game

vol. i. p. 324. till he came to a great thicket, when he was amazed to find In Buckinghamshire, there is a similar jocosery that a virgin of surprising beauty, engaged in deep devotion, has escaped him : the words are spoken so rapidly by with under her robe the hare he had been pursuing, boldly most speakers, that few persons are able during the refacing the dogs, who retired howling to a distance, not petition to catch one word, or even the probable sense of withstanding all the efforts of the prince's followers to what is there spoken. make them seize their prey. Even when the huntsman attempted to blow his horn, it stuck to his lips. The prince

As I was going up trictable tractable present, heard her story, and gave to God and to her a parcel of There I spied unicle crunicle cronicle current; land, to be a sanctuary to all that fled there. He desired I called my man Richard, a doctor of physic, her to found an Abbey on the spot; she did so, and died

To bring out his ficarige facarige fan, Abbess thereof in a good old age. She was buried in the

To shoot unicle crunicle cronicle current, neighbouring church, called Pennant, distinguished from That sat upon trictable tractable present, her burial there by the addition of Melangell. Pennant, Tour in Wales, vol. ii. p. 347, notices - At

Possibly other counties had their popular rhymes, now about two miles distance from Llangynog. I turned up a fast passing into desuetude, and in many instances to be small valley to the right, to pay my devotions to the shrine irrecoverably forgotten, unless occasionally transmitted of St. Monacella, or as the Welsh style her, Melangell. Her to the pages of your widely diffused Current Notes. bard bed is shewn in the cleft of a neighbouring rock ; and Great Missenden, March 9.

N. H. her tomb was in a little chapel, or oratory adjoining to the church of Pennant Melangell, now used as a vestry-room. This room is still (1784) called Cell-y-bedd, or the Cell of The following Charade, the production of an eminent the Grave; but her reliques, as well as her image, have long Dignitary of the Church, has been handed to me for since been removed. The last is, I think, still to be seen in solution, which I have been unable to render ; perhaps the churchyard, and the legend is perpetuated by some some of your readers may be more successful. rude wooden carvings of the saint, with numbers of hares scuttling to her for protection. She properly became their

Oldbury, March 14.

J. Lowe. patroness, and they were called Mwyn Melangell-St. I sit here on a rock whilst I'm raising the wind, Monacella's Lambs.' The superstitious opinion so generally When the storm is abated I'm gentle and kind; prevailed till the last century, that no person in the parish I have kings at my feet who await but my nod, would kill a bare; and even later, when a hare was pur To kneel in the dust on the ground where I trod; sued by the dogs, it was as positively beliered, that it was I am seen by the world, yet am known but to few; sure to escape, if any one said-God and Saint Monacella The Gentiles detest me, I'm Pork to the Jew. be with thee!

I never have passed but one night in the dark, Saint Melangle's day is noticed by Sir N. H. Nicolas as

And that was with Noah alone in the ark; occurring on January 31.

My weight is three pounds, iny length is a mile;

And when I'm discover'd you'll say with a smile The Fairs hitherto held at Easter and Whitsuntide at

My first and my last are the best in the Isle. Greenwich, have this year been suppressed.

A solution in rhyme would be very acceptable. Ed. VOL. VII.


the Serjeant Chyrurgeon, or his Servant, or any other AsM. V.'s Enquiry in Current Notes for January last, / sistant, presume to demand or to receive any Money or induces me to forward the following paper, which was Present whatsoever. directed to the Company of Barbers and Surgeons, in the That none presume to wait at the Healing, but the Ser. reign of Charles the Second, when it appears the Stuarts jeant Chyrurgeon, and such other of his Majesties Chyrurpractised this with other deceptions, in accordance with | geons as are necessary ; the Apothecary to his Majesties their imbibed notions of the monarchical Right Divine. | Person, and what other of his Majesties Servants shall be This mesmeric delusion was continued during the reign appointed, that so his Majestie may not be pressed upon,

and the Ceremony hindred by otticious Waiters. of Queen Anne, and the Evil Angels or Tokens were gold

That whereas when there was but one Serjeant Chyrur. pieces ; but those presented by the Old Pretender were

geon, the Chyrurgeon to the Person did officiate in his silver. The original document, of which this is a tran

absence as Serjeant, since now there are by his Majesties script, is endorsed — Proposals for Regulating the fay

posals 101 regulang the favour three Serjeants, Healings, in King Charles the Second's Reign ;' but That the Chyrurgeon to the Person may not be deprised though designated Proposals, these instructions were of the Rights of his Place, and rendered useless by the Ser.. delivered to the Officials of the Barbers and Surgeons, jeants waiting one for another, as a Mandate for their observance.

Be it ordered, That in the sickness or absence of each Lee Road, Blackheath.

J.J. H. Serjeant, the Chyrurgeon to the Person wait in his room as For the better regulating of the Healings, his Majestie is

when there was but one Serjeant, and alsoe that he takes pleased to Order as followeth:

| his turns in Hunting and Journeys with each Serjeant in his That the Public Healings be limited to the months of

month as heretofore. March and Aprill for the Spring Season, and October and

And that the rather, because his Majestie hath declared November for the Fall. The disease at those times being by,

by an Act of Counsell, that the Serjeants as they die shall be most apparent, and the weather then most temperate, both

| reduced to one as before. for his Majestie to touch, and the poore people to travell.

That a convenient House, Tent, or other Place be appointed for tbe viewing of the diseased-having one door to

ROY'S WIFE OF ALDIVALLOCH. enter in, and another to goe forth at; and that at each door, two of his Majesties Guards be ordered to stand ; and

Mrs. Grant was certainly the authoress of Roy's next to the first door, within shall stand the Serjeant Chy. Wife of Aldivalloch. In the additional Illustrations to rurgeon in waiting with the rest of the Serjeant Chy. Johnson's Scottish Musical Museuin, Edinb. 1839, vol. rurgeons, and the Chyrurgeon in Ordinary to his Majesties IV., p. 368,* is an extract of a letter from George ThomPerson, and at least, one of his Majesties Physitions in Or- son, the correspondent of Burns; concerning this ladydinary to view the diseased people.

the writer says, “Mrs. Grant of Carron is the same lady Aud that po Tickett be given but by the Serjeant Chy- who married 'Dr. Murray of Bath, but I know not her rurgeon in writing, and that in the presence and with the

maiden name, nor whether she be alive or dead dead approbation of the rest before mentioned ; and that the

probably, for she was well up in years, when she married names and dwelling places of such as receive Ticketts be

the Doctor, whom I knew well, a warm hearted Irishregistered in a Booke by the Serjeants man. That the Serjeant Chyrurgeon in waiting shall admit and

man, and a very good flute-player. She was generally passe any to be healed, who shall be sent to him from any

understood to be the writer of Roy's Wife, but I of his Majesties Physitians in Ordinary, bringing a noie cannot help you to any written authority for the fact. signed under his hand.

You are quite right in suspecting trailitional authorities That all such as present themselves to be healed shall in general-they are little to be relied on.' bring a Certificate under the hands of the Minister and Mr. David Laing, the erudite editor of the Museum, Churchwardens of the parish wherein they live, that they adds— Through the obliging enquiries of J. P. Grant, have never been touched by his Majestie.

Esq., son of the late Mrs. Grant of Laggan; I have That a command be sent to the Bishops of London, Win. | since learned the following particulars of this lady. chester, and Rochester, that the Minister of each parish

Her maiden name was Grant, and she was born near within the Citties of London and Westminster, and within

Aberlour, on the banks of the river Spey, about the ten miles distance round about be ordered by them to send their hands and seals in a small piece of parchment, to be

year 1745. She was twice married, first to her cousin, kept always in readiness, to compare with their hands which

Grant of Carron, near Elchies, on the river Spey, about they sett to Certificates; And that every Minister register

1763, and secondly to a Physician in Bath, whose name what Certificates be gives to prevent the abuse of certify. is stated to have been Dr. Brown, not Murray. She ing more than once for one person, which hath been too died at Bath, sometime about 1814, and is not known freqnently done.

to have written any other song than Roy's Wife.' That no person, be it his Majesties Servant, or other, I may, however, state, it is quite certain that the upon paine of bis Majesties displeasure, presume to bring name of the lady's second husband was Murray, not into his Majesties presence any one to be touched for the Brown; and that I have in a manuscript collection atEvill, who hath not been viewed and received a Token for

tributed to her pen, several songs written by her. They the same. That neither for viewing the sicke, registering their

are chiefly on local subjects. wames, giving Tokens, or presenting them to his Majestie, March 14.


HISTORICAL NOTICES OF LITERARY PERSONS. Assembly in 1710, with several other parish ministers, The following extracts from the parish register of St. deposed from his official capacity. Thus deprived of Giles's, Cripplegate, may possibly interest some readers his old church, and follower

readers | his old church, and followed by the greater part of his of Current Notes.

congregation, he became the founder of the Secession Burrille in Aprille 1587.

Church in Perth. His epitaph thus pronounces his John Fox, householder, preacher, the 20 day.

eulogiumThis entry, it is almost nugatory to observe, refers to

More brave than David's mighty men, the great Martyrologist.

This Champion fought it fuir

In Truth's defence, both by the pen, Under those of Weddings in August, 1620, is notified

The pulpit, and the chair. the marriage of the Protector.

He stood with his associates true Oliver Crumwell and Elizabeth Bourohr. 22.

To Scotland's solemn oath ;

And tuught to render homage due Among the Burials in November, 1674, is recorded

To God, and Cæsar both. the sepulture of the immortal author of Paradise Lost.

Earth, raging from his sacred post John Milton, Gentleman, Consumpscon, Chancell, 12.

Debarred the worthy sage ;

Heaven frown'd and sent a furious bost Daniel de Foe was born in this parish in 1661 ; his

To, venge the sacriledge. litcrary career, memorable as it was, did not avail to

Mourn Zion, your Elijah's gone secure him against penury and want at the close of life.

And wafted to the skies — He is believed to have died in insolvent circumstances,

Mourn, till his fiery car bring down at an obscure lodging in this parish, and under .burying

A soul of equal size. in April,' 1731, occurs —

On a memorial in the Grey Friars, Perth, to Robert Daniel De Foe, Gentleman, to Tindalls, Lethargy, 26.

Vallance, Deacon of the Weavers, who died in 1781, • To Tindall's'implied that the corpse was borne thence to Tindalls burying ground, more generally known by

ce aged 65, are these lines — the appellation of Bunhill Fields.

Muse, here assist me now, I surely must, Old Jewry, March 2.

S. G. Relate brave Vallance character that's just.

Renowned, much justice will join his cause,

Of tradesmen, he in Perth, deserves applause —

Betrayed no trust was put into his hand, Travel where you will, the eye of the observer will Endeavouring allways by the truth to stand. frequently discern among the memorials of the dead Ready he was, and that at any hour, inuch to interest him, and arrest his attention, and al To make address [redress ?], or to relieve the poor. though much that is quaint may be often too broadly Vallance, whose virtuous actions shone so bright, expressed to correspond with the generally received Always did stand up for the City's right; notions of the solemnity of the scene, yet there these Let monuments or some recorded verse memorials are ; our railing at them does not displace Loud unto Ages his bright fame rehearse. them, or alter the effect which their reality creates; we

All craftsmen who him knew will yet declare must comply with the fact to receive them with all their

None in the Country could with him compare. inconsistencies, and make them available either for the

Grief now, nor pain, no more his peace annoys;

Enter'd the Choir, he lives in perfect joys. purposes of history, or of mental consideration. Embued with these feelings, in my journeys I have not passed

assed! It will doubtless be observed this is composed as an the depositories of the departed without casting a longacrostic. ing, lingering look behind, and have noted many an In Dunfermline Abbey churchyard, on Elizabeth epitaph which doubtless will conduce to the amusement, | Meiklejohn, who died 1761, aged 27, we read if not of the instruction, of the reader; and as Current Notes are read in situations far distant from the Metro.

Reader, see how death all doun puls, polis, or the busy haunts of the artisan or the commer

And nought remains but shanks and skulls;

For the greatest Champion ere drew breath, cial man, your columns are often the vehicle of much to

Was all-wise conquered by Death. gratify the desultory as well as the studious reader, and believing that epitaphs are at all times acceptable, I In Forfarshire, I have noted the following distich in enclose the following for your adoption.

the old kirkyard of Kinnaird, Farnell, A.D. 1600. In Grey Friars' churchyard, Perth, lie the remains of

Hve [we]. DOE . THIS , FOR . NO . WTHER . END the Rev. William Wilson, who died in his fifty-first

BVT . THAT.OWR . BVRIAL , MAY. BE . KEND. year, in 1741. He was originally a minister of the

Within the old kirk of Nevay, the stone in a mutiMiddle Church, Perth, to which he was ordained in

lated condition1716; and being the first to join and support Ebenezer Erskine in his views against the laws of Church Patron

Heir lye the Tyries in Nevay age in the Church of Scotland, was by the General!

Honest men and brave follows.

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