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INDEX TO THE SIXTH VOLUME.
* Indicates there are Woodcut illustrations to those Articles.
Addison's re-edited works, 67. | Chevalier Vert, 08.
St. Giles' bowl, 65-66.
*Glasgow Cathedral carving, 44.
Glass-window rhymes, 56.
Glympton customs and usages, 41.
Goldsmiths' Company arms, 53.
Gordon, inedited letter, 92.
Grave tells no Tales, 68.
*Gulval Church, painting in, 90, 97.
Gumley, Miss ? 48, 55.
Gunpowder Treason, 102.
Hall, Bp., Mysterie of Godlinesse, 2.
Hall, Dr., Memorial to, 85.
*Continental Signs and Sign-boards, Harden Jews defined, 89.
Hares at Easter, 27.
| Hats of Felt, when introduced ? 5.
| Haydn's pension, 26.
Crimea Seventy years since, 18. | Hearne's unpublished Remains, 93.
•Crosses in West Cornwall, 18, 36, 37. Henham Evening bells, 70.
Henry, Prince, poisoned, 102.
Herefordshire New Year Customs, 1.
*De Foe's Robinson Crusoe, 73-74, 96. Hertz Collection of Vertu, 93.
Derby, Charlotte, Countess of? 61. *Holles Monument, 19-20.
Edward the First's Coinage, 15-17, Holywell, Flintshire, 98.
35, 36, 58.
Holywell, Huntingdonshire, 98.
Edward the Second's Coinage, 58-59. Homer's Tomb, 21.
Egbert's St. Andrew penny, 45. *Hook and Crook, 83.
Horace misconstrued, 80.
Hoyle Family, 18.
Impressment of Surgeons, 99.
Ingram elected M.P. for Boston, 26.
* Ipswich Town arms, 46-47.
James the First, letter to Lord Privy
Jews arbiters of Europe, 88; contra-
Exchequer, discovery of Jewels, 101. verted, 96.
Kidgell, enquiry respecting, 70.
King's Illness, Lines on, 66.
Flint Glass, whence the term ? 80 Lafrowda? 28; reply, 34.
Forget me Not Legend ? 40, 103. Lass of Richmond Hill, 35.
Letter Seals for security, 12.
Liberty suppressed in France, 80.
Liesborn, Master of, painter? 27.
Lille Sign-boards, 98.
Lines to a Fair Stoic, 78, 87.
Lines on Nymph sleeping, 89. | Peers for Life, 17.
Snuff-taking in Church reprehended,
Somerset Trials, 9-11.
Son of 'a Gun defined, 15.
Stall-book inducement, 20.
*Stone collar punishment, 82.
Strange, Sir Robert, Notices of, 2.3.
Suffolk Cure for Fits, 94.
| Prior's cross, by hook and crook, 83. Surnames ending in' well,' 101.
Talbois Family, 18.
*Taper of Exorcism, 90.
| Tasso's Amadigi, 1560, 4.
Raleigh's widow, injustice to her, 9 n. | Temple-bar rebel-heads, 55.
Ramsay, Allan, inedited letters, 62. Tobacco-smoking, origin of, 75.
Treaty of Peace pen, 39.
Truth and Force, 70.
Richard II., bedstead? 42; reply, Turkish subversion predicted, 13.
Two versus One, Epigram, 102.
University Nominals, 65.
Veitch, extraordinary optical mecha.
Venetian Triumph, 27.
Verse versus Prose, 20.
Sceppe, the word explained, 5. Vespasian gold coins, 27, 44.
Voltaire's Edipus, 80.
Wallington's Journal, 98.
Wanderings of Genius, 25-26.
Ward of Ipswich Epitapb, 86
Wayside Crosses, 8.
Weber's Oberon Manuscript, 33.
Well, Surnames ending in, 101.
- Archdeacon of Bangor, 8. What has been may be again, 34.
Willford's Micro-Chronicon, 102.
Wimborne Minster Library, 95.
Woollett, letter to Bartolozzi, 69.
York, List of Mayors, etc. 97.
Erratum.-P. 99, col. 1, 1. 16 from foot, for same read sarue.
“ Takes note of what is done-
HEREFORDSHIRE NEW-YEAR CUSTOMS.
MADRON WELL BAPTISTRY OR CHAPEL. A comparison of the many diversified customs in the
Madron Well is situated in a moor, about a mile to English Counties at various periods of the year presents
the north-west of Madron church; and about two hunmuch interest, and as customs, are peculiarly gratifying
dred yards from the well is the ruined baptistry or to many persons who are not strictly observers them- chapel, having been partially destroyed in Cromwell's selves of these interminable occasions for displaying our time by Major Ceely, of St. Ives. native character, arising from traditions of which time is fast obliterating all record. Whilst spending Christmas-tide at Bromyard, a snug little self-satisfied town, about fourteen miles from Hereford, I noted the following curious observances, which possibly are not confined to this one of our western counties.
On New-Year's Eve, as the hour of twelve drew near, within doors a pleasurable excitement became visible in the face of each person, then seated about the Christmas log; and without, the chanting of the last new carol broke upon the stillness of the night in discordant sounds with no very harmonious effect. So soon as the clock had struck twelve, there was a rush out of doors to the nearest spring of water, with this object; Whoever first brought in the cream of the well,” was
WEDS deemed fortunate, and those who first tasted of it had also the prospective good fortune of luck following at The interior as it is now seen, is represented in the their heels throughout the whole of the ensuing year. above cut; the following is theMeanwhile in the street, borne upon the night air, was
PLAN OF THE CHAPEL. heard the incoherent noise of the ribald laugh and the joyous song, lustily shouted by many sturdy labourers, who, though usually steady, “ only this once" in the year, had made a rather long sitting at “the Lion," or “the Plough,” and were then wending their homeward course at the friendly intimation of Boniface, who had warned them of the hour when sober men should be in bed. With these, happy souls, the custom is called the “burying Old Tom,” i.e., the assisting at the departure of the old year, and in jocund exultations welcoming in that of the new..
After the noise and uproar of the funeral obsequies of Old Tom have ceased, the street is in its turn the scene of a tumultuous jollity, caused by bands of boys,
On the outside of the building, the length is twentychanting in the loudest possible note, and with an indis: five feet; the breadth, sixteen feet; the walls are two putable contempt for the Queen's English or Murray's feet in thickness. The altar stone, marked A, is five Grammar, the following hearty good wishes, to those feet ten inches in length, two feet seven inches wide, whose munificence may be excited by the plénitude of and in height above the level of the floor, two feet ten their unbiassed, yet plaintive benevolence.
| inches. The cavity or socket, marked B, where a cross, I wish you a merry Christmas,
or the image of the patron saint, St. Maternus, may And a happy New Year;
have been placed, is nine inches by eight. C is a row A pocket full of money,
of stones forming a step which divides the chancel from And a cellar full of beer;
the nave. E É indicate the remains of the stone And a good fat pig,
benches or seats. D, the doorway, facing directly To serve you all the year.
north, is two feet wide at the entrance, gradually exLadies and gentlemen, sat by the fire,
tending to two feet eight inches within. Pity we, poor boys, out in the mire!
An excavation, G, in the south-west corner, appears Torrington Square, Jan. 12. T. H. Pattison. to have been used as a font, the water being supplied VOL. VI.
from the well above, and for which purpose there is an
BUT AND BEN DEFINED. inlet in the wall at F. The drain marked H served to The Cornish application of "but and ben" may be carry off the waste water.
what Mr. Hawker of Morwenstow, Current Notes, There are still some remains of the outer wall that | 1855, p. 93, says it is; but the phrase is by no means enclosed the building when Catholicism was the national confined to that district, nor does it bear in other parts religion.
of Great Britain the signification of "butlery and hall." The woodcuts have been kindly forwarded by Mr. J. / All over Saxon Scotland it is still in colloquial use, F. Blight, of Penzance, in whose work on the Crosses every cottage having its but and ben,' as formerly and Antiquities of West Cornwall, to be published in every farm house had. The ground floor of a Scottish the ensuing month, they are part of its illustrations. hynd's house may be thus representedTo the antiquarian readers of Current Notes, it is respectfully commended to their notice.
H. A. C., in Current Notes, 1855, p. 93, states that “many County and Local Historians allude to the poem written by Bishop Hall, entitled the Mysterie of Godlinesse, describing the miraculous cure of the poor cripple through the agency of the waters of Madron well.” Unless H. A. C. has misquoted the County and
The passage (A) from the outer to the inner door, is Local Historians, he has been greatly misled by them, called the but-a-house, and in some cases is still partly for,
occupied by the cow. Occasionally in cold weather I Firstly, Bishop Hall did not write any poem on the have seen å pig kept in it. The main apartment (B) is Great Mysterie of Godlinesse; that tract is in prose.
the only one having a fireplace (a); it serves the inmates Secondly, Bishop Hall did not describe the miraculous
For kitchen, for parlour and ball; cure of the poor cripple in his tract on the Great Mys
and has a dresser (Fr. dressoir), or bink (old German, tery of Godlinesse, nor did he therein make any allusion
binke), opposite to the window, stored with crockery of to it. I gave the passage in Current Notes, p. 93,
all sorts." Two beds, large wooden boxes, with sliding from the treatise of the good Bishop, in which the
panels in front, are placed (cc) across the cottage, description of the Madron cripple does occur, from the Invisible World, edit. Lond. 1808,' 8vo., Book I., sect.
nearly in the centre of its length, and a door or curtain viii. p. 465; but this tract is also in prose. I observe
occupies the space between them, to screen the entrance
to the ben-a-house (C), which is used as a miscellaneous that Lysons, Cornwall, p. cci., makes this mistake of citing the Mystery of Godliness' for 'the Invisible
store-room, and generally containing a bed in which the
eldest son or daughter, or the bondager or hired servant World;' he, however, does not cite it as a poem, but a publication. Probably he also, like H. A. C., copied
sleeps. So'gang ben the house,' is to enter this inner
apartment; and to gang but the house,' is to move from preceding writers, instead of going to the original,
towards the door. Ben i' the room,' and but i' the and thus errors become perpetuated. May I ask H. A. C., whether, from his own observa
kitchen,' are phrases quite common among farm ser
vants. tion, he has ascertained that the door of the Chapel,
But and ben are the Dutch buiten and binnen ; and near Cape Cornwall, in St. Just parish, 'faces the north,'
buiten of binnen gaan, is to go out and in, with the affix as that in Madron does ? I believe there are now no
by. In by' and out by' are phrases heard everyremains of that building in Park-an-Chapel enclosure.
where. The ben-a-house is the Latin pen;us or peneBorlase, in some manuscript notes, speaks of it, in his time; and the Rev. J. Buller says the remains were, in
tral; the Hebrew penimah (1990), the benmost, 1842, still to be seen. Account of St. Just, p. 45.
innermost, or most retired, or private part of the house, I did not see them while I was incumbent of that parish,
peculiarly consecrated to the Penates or household gods. South Shields.
WILLIAM BROCKIE. from 1846 to 1850. Brampford Speke, Dec. 31. G. C. GORHAM.
GRAVE OF SIR ROBERT STRANGE. Mr. JOHN MARTIN, F.L.S., died at Froxfield, Bed- In the recently published Memoirs of Sir Robert fordshire, Dec. 30, in his sixty-fifth year. He was Strange, Knight, Engraver; and of his brother-informerly of the firm of Rodwell and Martin, booksellers, law Andrew Lumisden, Private Secretary to the Stuart 46, New Bond Street, and the author or compiler of a Princes, by James Dennistoun, of Dennistoun; are em“ Bibliographical Catalogue of Privately Printed Books, bodied much that will interest the reader, but there is 1834,” pp. 564, 8vo. On the decease of Mr. Wiffen, occasionally a deficiency of minutiæ, which the author the librarian at Woburn Abbey, the late Duke of Bedford might easily have avoided, and the following Notes are thought so favourably of this volume, that he unsolicited submitted in the hope of partially supplying that defect. appointed Mr. Martin, as his successor.- The Biblio- Robert Strange was born at Pomona, in the Orkneys. graphical Catalogue was recently reprinted.
| July 14, 1721. He served as an apprentice to Cooper