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* Indicates there are Woodcut illustrations to those Articles.


Addison's re-edited works, 67. | Chevalier Vert, 08.

St. Giles' bowl, 65-66.
Advantages in studying Antiquities, 97. Chifney's Genius Genuine, 39.

*Glasgow Cathedral carving, 44.
Allan, Northumbrian piper, 4.
Christ Cross rhyme, 7.

Glass-window rhymes, 56.
A lone in the World, 69-70.
Christmas custom, Norfolk, 68.

Glympton customs and usages, 41.
Amadis de Gaula, early editions, 14, 48. Chronograms, 75, 88.

Goldsmiths' Company arms, 53.
Amcotts Family arms, 86.
Clerical bell-founder, 32.

Gordon, inedited letter, 92.
America, a Century since, 6.
Clothworkers' arms, 611-61.

Grave tells no Tales, 68.
*St. Andrew penny located, 45. Cockburn's Memorials questioned, 96. Grenville inedited letter, 40.
*St. Andrew's Church, Portland, 41. Colchester Fiery Bull ? 48.

*Gulval Church, painting in, 90, 97.
Angels' visits, 40, 48.
Colonial Public Libraries, 47

Gumley, Miss ? 48, 55.
Antiquary and the Novelist, 92. *Columbus' Land fall, 76-77.

Gunpowder Treason, 102.
Arles called Constantina, 44.
Connecticut Charter Oak, 79.

Hall, Bp., Mysterie of Godlinesse, 2.
• Auchendrane Cross, 87.
Constable as Lady Booby, 5 n.

Hall, Dr., Memorial to, 85.
Baker's dozen defined, 17.

*Continental Signs and Sign-boards, Harden Jews defined, 89.
Bangor Monastery, 82.

Hares at Easter, 27.
Bangor Episcopal monuments, 85. Cornish Manuscripts, 58.

| Hats of Felt, when introduced ? 5.
Baraeco, see Barrieco.
Court Fools, Last of, 20.

| Haydn's pension, 26.
*Barber Surgeons' arms, 90.

Crimea Seventy years since, 18. | Hearne's unpublished Remains, 93.
Barrieco ? 72, 77, 78.

•Crosses in West Cornwall, 18, 36, 37. Henham Evening bells, 70.
Bartolozzi, Woollett's Letter to, 69. Cup and the Lip explained, 53. | Henry the Fifth, a bock borrower, 72.
Being put to one's shifts, 80.
Dalton, Duchess ? 85.

Henry, Prince, poisoned, 102.
Belfry rhymes, 15, 27, 56.
Dalton's pension, 20.

Herefordshire New Year Customs, 1.
St. Bernard's sauce? 104.

*De Foe's Robinson Crusoe, 73-74, 96. Hertz Collection of Vertu, 93.
Biblical mistranslation corrected, 88. *Derbyshire Traders' Tokens, 25. Holford House, Regent's Park, 88.
Bishops, Translation of, 104.

Derby, Charlotte, Countess of? 61. *Holles Monument, 19-20.
Blind man's complaint, 40.

Edward the First's Coinage, 15-17, Holywell, Flintshire, 98.
Blue Boar Inn, Leicester, 27.

35, 36, 58.

Holywell, Huntingdonshire, 98.
Blue Jacket Order, 71.

Edward the Second's Coinage, 58-59. Homer's Tomb, 21.
Boar's Head Tavern? 94.

Egbert's St. Andrew penny, 45. *Hook and Crook, 83.
Bolingbroke's mistress? 48, 55. Eldon Letter, 47.

Horace misconstrued, 80.
Bothwell bank, Scotish song, 101 n. English Valour eulogised, 28.

Hoyle Family, 18.
Bottle Conjuror perpetrator, 6. Epitaph on a Physician, 28.

Impressment of Surgeons, 99.
Bowden Ringers' Orders, 15.
Epitaph at Lavenham, 62, 66.

Ingram elected M.P. for Boston, 26.
Boys of the Belt, 4.
Epitaphs in Leslie, 87.

* Ipswich Town arms, 46-47.
Braxtield's sneer at Christ, 96. Erasure in Manuscripts, 104.

James the First, letter to Lord Privy
*Brechin Cathedral corbel, 38. Ethelfleda the Lady' of Mercia, 100, Council, 97.
British Church not subject to Rome, 82. Exchequer payments, 37.

Jews arbiters of Europe, 88; contra-
Burns' monument, 23.

Exchequer, discovery of Jewels, 101. verted, 96.
•St. Buryan, Cornwall, Cross, 18. Female Professors of Science, 94. *Keigwin Family mansion, 57
Burying Old Tom, 1.
Feminine Delusion, 47.

Kidgell, enquiry respecting, 70.
*But and ben defined, 2, 14.
Flanders Fruit dishes, 29.

King's Illness, Lines on, 66.
Calais Staple Merchants, 6 n.

Flint Glass, whence the term ? 80 Lafrowda? 28; reply, 34.
Carisbrooke Museum, 23.

Forget me Not Legend ? 40, 103. Lass of Richmond Hill, 35.
Casimir's Abdication, 54.
Fountaine, jocose letter, 67.

Letter Seals for security, 12.
Centenarian Queen of the Lake, 95. Frederick the Great, 8.

Liberty suppressed in France, 80.
Ceolwolf, King of Mercia, 101,
Fulham pottery, 96.

Liesborn, Master of, painter? 27.
Charles, Prince, at Leicester, 29. Gay, unpublished notes, 71.

Lille Sign-boards, 98.
•Charles the First, at Carisbrooke, 31. George, Dr., Master of Eton, 71. Linacre's Life, by Johnston ? 72.
Charter Ouk, Connecticut, 79.
Gerald, reformer's, Trial, 96.

Lines to a Fair Stoic, 78, 87.

Lines on Nymph sleeping, 89. | Peers for Life, 17.

Snuff-taking in Church reprehended,
Lines from early Manuscript, 66. *Pengersick Castle, 99.

London City arms fabulous, 60. *Penzance Market-place Cross, 37. Sobieski family weapons, 93.
Lover's (S.) pension, 20.
Pepys, antecedents, 40.

Somerset Trials, 9-11.
*Madron Well baptistry, 1, 12, 13. Perry's Lines to Elfi Bey, 13.

Son of 'a Gun defined, 15.
Mansfield enemy to Reform, 96. Pillement, French artist, 56.

Stall-book inducement, 20.
Marc Antonio rare engravings, 54. Poland, dismemberment predicted, 54. Station explained, 7.
Magazine writers' remuneration, 20.. Porteous Outrage, 62.

*Stone collar punishment, 82.
*Merchants' Marks, 5, 6, 21, 48, 56, Porson's Charade on Miss Crowe, 68, Strafford's Farewell, 95.
78, 84, 90.

75, 88.

Strange, Sir Robert, Notices of, 2.3.
Middlesex Archeological Association, | Prelatical figures on Tombs ? 94. Stuart family relics, 93.
Presidential hammer? 87.

Suffolk Cure for Fits, 94.
Milliton Family noticed, 99.

| Prior's cross, by hook and crook, 83. Surnames ending in' well,' 101.
Modern Conservatories of Art, 15. | Prior, Mattbew, inedited letter, 67. Sykes' rare Marc Antonios, 54.
Monkey money ? 80.
Public libraries, 64.

Talbois Family, 18.
Monkish rhymes, with translation, 56. Quaint early rhymes, 100.

*Taper of Exorcism, 90.
Morland paintings, recent sale, 63-64. Quuint Epitaphs, 55, 68.

| Tasso's Amadigi, 1560, 4.
Morris' Celtic Remains ? 78.

Raleigh's widow, injustice to her, 9 n. | Temple-bar rebel-heads, 55.
Morwenstow Legend, 7.

Ramsay, Allan, inedited letters, 62. Tobacco-smoking, origin of, 75.
Ne sutor ultra Crepidam, 96.
| Reedwater minstrel, 5, 15.

Treaty of Peace pen, 39.
Newspaper stamps, 27.
| Rice family enquiry, 102

Truth and Force, 70.
New Year's Eve chant, 1.

Richard II., bedstead? 42; reply, Turkish subversion predicted, 13.
Nimbus or Glory in paintings, 88-89, 43, 44.

Two versus One, Epigram, 102.
*Rob Roy's grave, 81.

University Nominals, 65.
Noon-day lines with Violets, 71. Rogers' rare Marc Antonios, 54. Veitches and Tweedie's family feu ds,
Notes by a bookseller, 71.
Ross monument, 94.

Numisnatist, Notes by a, 44.
Rump-steak Club, 65.

Veitch, extraordinary optical mecha.
Nunburnholme, Coins found there, 85. Russia subsidized by England, 8.

nic, 4.
Russian treachery, 25.

Venetian Triumph, 27.
Braikenridge, George Weare, 11. Russian translations, 6,

Verse versus Prose, 20.
Haydn, Joseph, 7.

Sceppe, the word explained, 5. Vespasian gold coins, 27, 44.
Martin, John, of Froxfield, 2. Schiller's works probibited, 12. Vicary, Tho., Licence to, 99.
Micziewicz, Adam, Polish Poet, 7, Scott, Sir Walter, alterations in manu Vita brevis Ars longa ? 93.

scripts, 52.

Voltaire's Edipus, 80.
Mitchell, translator of Camoens, Scott, inedited letters, 4, 14, 21, 45, *Wallace's menorial sword, 87.

Wallington's Journal, 98.
Thierry, Augustine, 52.
Scott, Border Antiquities, 21.

Wanderings of Genius, 25-26.
Vestris, Madame, 69.
Scott's Rigdumfunnidos, 51.

Ward of Ipswich Epitapb, 86
Ogilby, Coventry Subscription receipt, Scott, Dr. W. H., literary notice, 32, Waverley Novel Enquiry,22, 34, 49, 52.


Wayside Crosses, 8.
Omens and portents dire, 102.
*Selkirk relics, 73, 74, 96,

Weber's Oberon Manuscript, 33.
*Overbury, Notices of, 9.11.
Sévres porcelain Font, 88.

Well, Surnames ending in, 101.
Oxfordshire Historical Memoranda, 30, Shakespeare's Bardolph and Pistol, 44. Wesleyan queries, 26.

- Archdeacon of Bangor, 8. What has been may be again, 34.
Oxfordshire Parocbial Memoranda, 41.
- Biblical Quotations, 40.

Willford's Micro-Chronicon, 102.
*Park-an-Chapel, 2, 11, 12.
Sign-board Civility, 79.

Wimborne Minster Library, 95.
Parliamentary representatives entitled Sign-boards at Lille, 98.

Woollett, letter to Bartolozzi, 69.
to heraldic honours, 97.
Sign-board, Musselburgh, 96.

York, List of Mayors, etc. 97.
Papul destruction of Manuscripts, 8. Skep, what it implies, 5.


Erratum.-P. 99, col. 1, 1. 16 from foot, for same read sarue.

No. LXI.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive.”-SHAKESPEARE.

[JANUARY, 1856.

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MADRON WELL BAPTISTRY OR CHAPEL. A comparison of the many diversified customs in the

Madron Well is situated in a moor, about a mile to English Counties at various periods of the year presents

the north-west of Madron church; and about two hunmuch interest, and as customs, are peculiarly gratifying

dred yards from the well is the ruined baptistry or to many persons who are not strictly observers them- chapel, having been partially destroyed in Cromwell's selves of these interminable occasions for displaying our time by Major Ceely, of St. Ives. native character, arising from traditions of which time is fast obliterating all record. Whilst spending Christmas-tide at Bromyard, a snug little self-satisfied town, about fourteen miles from Hereford, I noted the following curious observances, which possibly are not confined to this one of our western counties.

On New-Year's Eve, as the hour of twelve drew near, within doors a pleasurable excitement became visible in the face of each person, then seated about the Christmas log; and without, the chanting of the last new carol broke upon the stillness of the night in discordant sounds with no very harmonious effect. So soon as the clock had struck twelve, there was a rush out of doors to the nearest spring of water, with this object; Whoever first brought in the cream of the well,” was

WEDS deemed fortunate, and those who first tasted of it had also the prospective good fortune of luck following at The interior as it is now seen, is represented in the their heels throughout the whole of the ensuing year. above cut; the following is theMeanwhile in the street, borne upon the night air, was

PLAN OF THE CHAPEL. heard the incoherent noise of the ribald laugh and the joyous song, lustily shouted by many sturdy labourers, who, though usually steady, “ only this once" in the year, had made a rather long sitting at “the Lion," or “the Plough,” and were then wending their homeward course at the friendly intimation of Boniface, who had warned them of the hour when sober men should be in bed. With these, happy souls, the custom is called the “burying Old Tom,i.e., the assisting at the departure of the old year, and in jocund exultations welcoming in that of the new..

After the noise and uproar of the funeral obsequies of Old Tom have ceased, the street is in its turn the scene of a tumultuous jollity, caused by bands of boys,

On the outside of the building, the length is twentychanting in the loudest possible note, and with an indis: five feet; the breadth, sixteen feet; the walls are two putable contempt for the Queen's English or Murray's feet in thickness. The altar stone, marked A, is five Grammar, the following hearty good wishes, to those feet ten inches in length, two feet seven inches wide, whose munificence may be excited by the plénitude of and in height above the level of the floor, two feet ten their unbiassed, yet plaintive benevolence.

| inches. The cavity or socket, marked B, where a cross, I wish you a merry Christmas,

or the image of the patron saint, St. Maternus, may And a happy New Year;

have been placed, is nine inches by eight. C is a row A pocket full of money,

of stones forming a step which divides the chancel from And a cellar full of beer;

the nave. E É indicate the remains of the stone And a good fat pig,

benches or seats. D, the doorway, facing directly To serve you all the year.

north, is two feet wide at the entrance, gradually exLadies and gentlemen, sat by the fire,

tending to two feet eight inches within. Pity we, poor boys, out in the mire!

An excavation, G, in the south-west corner, appears Torrington Square, Jan. 12. T. H. Pattison. to have been used as a font, the water being supplied VOL. VI.



from the well above, and for which purpose there is an

BUT AND BEN DEFINED. inlet in the wall at F. The drain marked H served to The Cornish application of "but and ben" may be carry off the waste water.

what Mr. Hawker of Morwenstow, Current Notes, There are still some remains of the outer wall that | 1855, p. 93, says it is; but the phrase is by no means enclosed the building when Catholicism was the national confined to that district, nor does it bear in other parts religion.

of Great Britain the signification of "butlery and hall." The woodcuts have been kindly forwarded by Mr. J. / All over Saxon Scotland it is still in colloquial use, F. Blight, of Penzance, in whose work on the Crosses every cottage having its but and ben,' as formerly and Antiquities of West Cornwall, to be published in every farm house had. The ground floor of a Scottish the ensuing month, they are part of its illustrations. hynd's house may be thus representedTo the antiquarian readers of Current Notes, it is respectfully commended to their notice.

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H. A. C., in Current Notes, 1855, p. 93, states that “many County and Local Historians allude to the poem written by Bishop Hall, entitled the Mysterie of Godlinesse, describing the miraculous cure of the poor cripple through the agency of the waters of Madron well.” Unless H. A. C. has misquoted the County and

The passage (A) from the outer to the inner door, is Local Historians, he has been greatly misled by them, called the but-a-house, and in some cases is still partly for,

occupied by the cow. Occasionally in cold weather I Firstly, Bishop Hall did not write any poem on the have seen å pig kept in it. The main apartment (B) is Great Mysterie of Godlinesse; that tract is in prose.

the only one having a fireplace (a); it serves the inmates Secondly, Bishop Hall did not describe the miraculous

For kitchen, for parlour and ball; cure of the poor cripple in his tract on the Great Mys

and has a dresser (Fr. dressoir), or bink (old German, tery of Godlinesse, nor did he therein make any allusion

binke), opposite to the window, stored with crockery of to it. I gave the passage in Current Notes, p. 93,

all sorts." Two beds, large wooden boxes, with sliding from the treatise of the good Bishop, in which the

panels in front, are placed (cc) across the cottage, description of the Madron cripple does occur, from the Invisible World, edit. Lond. 1808,' 8vo., Book I., sect.

nearly in the centre of its length, and a door or curtain viii. p. 465; but this tract is also in prose. I observe

occupies the space between them, to screen the entrance

to the ben-a-house (C), which is used as a miscellaneous that Lysons, Cornwall, p. cci., makes this mistake of citing the Mystery of Godliness' for 'the Invisible

store-room, and generally containing a bed in which the

eldest son or daughter, or the bondager or hired servant World;' he, however, does not cite it as a poem, but a publication. Probably he also, like H. A. C., copied

sleeps. So'gang ben the house,' is to enter this inner

apartment; and to gang but the house,' is to move from preceding writers, instead of going to the original,

towards the door. Ben i' the room,' and but i' the and thus errors become perpetuated. May I ask H. A. C., whether, from his own observa

kitchen,' are phrases quite common among farm ser

vants. tion, he has ascertained that the door of the Chapel,

But and ben are the Dutch buiten and binnen ; and near Cape Cornwall, in St. Just parish, 'faces the north,'

buiten of binnen gaan, is to go out and in, with the affix as that in Madron does ? I believe there are now no

by. In by' and out by' are phrases heard everyremains of that building in Park-an-Chapel enclosure.

where. The ben-a-house is the Latin pen;us or peneBorlase, in some manuscript notes, speaks of it, in his time; and the Rev. J. Buller says the remains were, in

tral; the Hebrew penimah (1990), the benmost, 1842, still to be seen. Account of St. Just, p. 45.

innermost, or most retired, or private part of the house, I did not see them while I was incumbent of that parish,

peculiarly consecrated to the Penates or household gods. South Shields.

WILLIAM BROCKIE. from 1846 to 1850. Brampford Speke, Dec. 31. G. C. GORHAM.

GRAVE OF SIR ROBERT STRANGE. Mr. JOHN MARTIN, F.L.S., died at Froxfield, Bed- In the recently published Memoirs of Sir Robert fordshire, Dec. 30, in his sixty-fifth year. He was Strange, Knight, Engraver; and of his brother-informerly of the firm of Rodwell and Martin, booksellers, law Andrew Lumisden, Private Secretary to the Stuart 46, New Bond Street, and the author or compiler of a Princes, by James Dennistoun, of Dennistoun; are em“ Bibliographical Catalogue of Privately Printed Books, bodied much that will interest the reader, but there is 1834,” pp. 564, 8vo. On the decease of Mr. Wiffen, occasionally a deficiency of minutiæ, which the author the librarian at Woburn Abbey, the late Duke of Bedford might easily have avoided, and the following Notes are thought so favourably of this volume, that he unsolicited submitted in the hope of partially supplying that defect. appointed Mr. Martin, as his successor.- The Biblio- Robert Strange was born at Pomona, in the Orkneys. graphical Catalogue was recently reprinted.

| July 14, 1721. He served as an apprentice to Cooper

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