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EARLY MERCHANTS MARKS. Personal, political, and other causes have induced in | Merchants marks are fanciful rebuses assumed in parents and superiors, a frequent appropriation of per- past ages by traders as distinctive marks on their bales sons to appointments and callings to which their minds | destined for exportation, and proffer in many instances were in no way disposed, and the glories arising from elaborate and very complex combinations of letters and the conceptions and labours of the brightest intellects characteristic forms. Mr. W. C. Ewing has ably dehave been thus in many instances lost to the world. scribed above three hundred of the merchants marks of Dante, in his Paradiso, Canto viii, al fine, thus expa- Norwich ; and Mr. Harrod in his Notes on the Records tiates

of the Corporation of Great Yarmouth, has incidentally Sempre natura se fortuna trova

noticed about thirty belonging to that place. Discorde a sè, come ogni altra semente,

Possibly by noticing the enclosed devices on rubbings Fuori di sua region, fa mala prova ;

from the original brasses of merchants marks, on their E, se il mondo quaggiù ponesse mente

monumental mementoes in the several churches in Al fondamento, che natura pone,

Ipswich, it may induce others to observe them elsewhere, Seguendo lui, avria buona la gente.

and some information respecting others might be elicited Ma voi torcete alla religione

in Current Notes. Tal che fu nato a cingersi la spada,

In the north aisle of the church of St. Mary Tower, E fate Re di tal ch'è da sermone:*

on the brass of Thomas Drayle, Portman; Onde la traccia vostra è fuor di strada.

who died in 1500; is the followingCary has admirably translated these lines

On another brass in the south aisle of
Nature ever,

the same Church, is an inFinding discordant fortune, like all other seed

scription to Alys late wyfe of Out of its proper climate, thrives but ill;

Thomas Baldry, merchant; And were the world below content to mark,

sometyme the wyfe of MasAnd work on the foundation Nature lays,

ter Robert Wymbyll, Notary, It would not lack supply of excellence. But ye perversely to religion strain

which Alys deceased 21 day Him, who was born to gird on him the sword;

of August, 1506. And of the fluent phraseman you make your king :

Thomas Baldry was thus Therefore your steps have wander'd from the paths.

evidently the second husband The quotation of these full of meaning verses of

of Madame Alice, and his mark impaling

firstly the mercer's arms was thus ostenDante, is not intended as a contrast to Bacon's wise precept offered to the readers of Current Notes, p. 88 ; but

sibly placed on her consignment to Hades. rather as a corollary to his words, if the affection, or

In the chance of the church of St. Mary Key, is the the aptness of the child be extraordinary, it would be

brass of Thomas Pownder, Merchant wrong to cross it.

and Bailiff, who died November 7, Bristol, Dec. 1.

F. S. Donato.

1525. Shaw has described this brass,
bearing on the dexter side the arms of

Ipswich; and on the sinister side, those
The Epitaph noticed in Current Notes, p. 85, by of the Company of Merchants Ad-
M.J., is thus found in a Collection, but not stated whence venturers.

In the same church is another
O cruel Death! how could you be so unkind

brass to Augustin As to take He, and leave She behind ?

Parker, who died If one, why not t'other?

March 12, 1590, Which would have been more agreeable to the survivor !

aged 63. Lincoln's Inn, Dec. 15.

J. L. R.

A clear instance where the hus.

band and the wife's initials are emIn Fort William kirkyard, is the following singular

bodied in the same device, Epitaph :

occurs in the church of Sacred to the memory of Captain Patrick Campbell, late

St. Nicholas, on the brass of the 42nd regiment, who died on the 13th December,

to Susanna Parker, wife 1816, aged eighty-three years.

of Augustin Parker, who A true Highlander,

died August 13, 1664, A Sincere Friend,

aged 24. This brass And the best deer stalker of his day.

bears also the arms of the Merchants Ad• Dante truly by these words tal ch'è da sermone,' in

venturers and the Grocers' Company. plied a priest, a friar, a preacher, and the meaning of the

The Parkers were apparently of the same last words is, your steps wander from the path,' that is,

family. they wander still.

Lee Road, Blackheath, Dec. 5.

J. J. H.


DUCKING STOOL FOR SCOLDS IN SCOTLAND. till their frequency might have divulged the nefariousIn the early Sessional Records of Brechin, is the fol- | ness of the transaction, to all but those who were lowing notice of the Cucking or Ducking stool for stupidly blind. In one of his freaks, Samuel Ireland scolds —

desirous of accommodating the world with a portrait of 1616, Nov. 19. Margaret Watt and Isabella Moreis, the irritable Shakespearian Critic John Dennis, and both married women, accused each other before the not aware there was really one extant, engraved by Session of Brechin, of certain slanders. The Session Vandergucht-ventured on one copied from an original ordered both to be wairded tuentie four hours, and to be drawing by Hogarth, in the second volume of his Graphic put in the Joggs or Cokstool on monday next, or releiff Hlustrations of that celebrated painter. It is almost thame selffis ilk ane of thame be four poundis, with certi- nugatory to observe Hogarth never troubled himself ficatione that yff they fall in the lyk hereof, they salbe about John Dennis of theatrical thunder notoriety, and cairtit through the toune.

the portrait there presented, is a fiction by Samuel Brechin.

A. J. Ireland, though received as genuine by many respected

Hogarthian Collectors.

Should Nemo's desire be still unsatiated, the writer to To the Worshipful Thomas Parker of Browsholme, Esq. whom William Henry Ireland was long personally known,

Wee wbose names are subscribed doe humbly cer- may possibly communicate some particulars, hitherto tifye that Margarett, the wife of Edward Hancocke, hath but very imperfectly known. Let this be generally since her coming to have residence in Bradford, been understood, the Confessions published by him, were noted and knowne to be a common disturber of her a tissue of lies from beginning to end, and the original neighbours, in the way of Scoldinge, for which she was idea of the volume, was caused by an irresistible in Šlaideburne Court presented for a common scold, and impulse at the moment, that of raising the wind, as he continuing that unneighbourly practice was Ducked, and himself assured the writerfor all that, shce hath hitherto practised the like way of

When needs must, the devil drives ! Scoldinge, soe that scarce a familye in the said Towne is free from her; and this wee make bold to certifye unto

SHROPSHIRE DIALECT. your Worship, as a certaine Truth.

During a residence some years since in Shropshire, I Witnesse our hands the 6th day of March, Año Dom. made a list of the principal provincialisms, which are 1673.

heartily at the service of Current Notes.

Llangollen, Dec. 12.

Adland. The headland of a ploughed field.

Anunst. Over against ; opposite. Browseholme, is in the parish of Waddington, in hel

Ax. To ask. West Riding of Yorkshire.

Baggin. The luncheon of a ploughman, generally PLEASE TIE Pigs! a common colloquial phrase is a / carried in a bag. verbal corruption of " please the pyx,” that is, the vessel

Belly vengeance. Very weak beer. containing the Eucharist, which by believers in Tran

Bin. To be. Examples. How bin you? They bin substantiation was superstitiously regarded as Divi- bad uns they bin! nity.

Blow, pronounced blow. Blossom.

Brummack. A hook to cut broom.

Brummill. A hill covered with broom,
Nemo's desire in reference to some account of this

Bullirag and bullrag. To scold vehemently. somewhat accomplished man,' would, were the truth

Bullragging. A good scolding. told, afford him but little gratification. Nemo is in Butty. A companion labourer. error in supposing him to have been “the Author of the

By-blow. An illegitimate child. Shakespeare Forgeries." His father, Samuel Ireland | By Gosh! By Gum! Two oaths, the first “by God's was the original deviser of the whole affair. He had house;" the second referring to the Trinity. succeeded so well in befooling professed judges' of Ceout. To bark as a cur, generally called a ceouting the original designs by Hogarth; that prompted by his dog: needy circumstances, he let fly at a higher game, and

Chats. Very small potatoes. befouled the shrine of England's dramatic bard! It

Clat. To tell false tales of another. was Samuel Ireland's eldest daughter who wrote the

Clem. To starve. Ex. I am welly clemmed. imitations of the dramatist; the younger one assisted, I

Clout. A blow. and the redoubtable William Henry was merely a copier.

Colly West. Awry, or crooked. It was Samuel Ireland who began by collecting books of

Cornell. A corner. Shakespeare's time, fabricated manuscript notes and

Cow. To frighten. Ex. Dunna be cowed by him ! inserted them in the books as if written by the immortal

Cowt. A colt. bard, when finding them greatly admired, he persisted

Cratch. To eat well.


Cratch. 1. A bacon rack. 2. A horse rack. I Lungous. Violent. Sometimes used in an approv

Ex. Ye schulen fynde a yonge child wlappd in ing sense, as a lungous workman, etc. clothes and leyd in a cracche.- Wicklif's Translation. I Melch. In milk. Er. A good melched cow. Crib. A rack for fodder.

Milner. A miller. Cricker. A man who attends the market to buy Mixen. A midden. butter, fruit, etc. to sell elsewhere.

Mot, or motty. A mark, as in the game of quoits. Croodle. To crouch down, as over a fire.

Nail-passer. A gimblet. Dayd. An oath. Ex. I'am dayd if I do it.

Nesh. Tender, delicate. Ex. A poor nesh creature. Dither. To shake as froin cold. Ex. I'm all of a Oont. A mole. dither.

Oont-catcher. The mole-catcher. Duck. To stoop the head.

Oss. To try or endeavour sometimes to promise well. Dout. To extinguish. Ex. Dout the candle. Ex. You dunna oss to do it. The cowt osses well. Dunny. Deaf.

Peart. Lively. Also a siniilar state to fresh. Duch (pronounced long). To cut or clean out a ditch. Plash. Water in large quantities. A plash of rain. Eddish. Aftergrass.

Potch. To pierce, or puncture. He potched his finElrake. A heel rake,

ger in my eye. Ess. Ashes.

Purgy. Proud, conceited.
Ess hole. The space under a kitchen grate for ashes.' Rack. A pathway in a wood.
Sometimes also called a Purgatory.

Racklin. The smallest of a litter, as pigs, dogs, etc. Evil. A dung fork called also a dungevil, and a Runt. Small and deformed. sharevil.

Sapy. Moist, denoting the first stage of putrefaction Fasten. To seize. Ex. The dog fastened him by in meat. the leg.

Scutch. The roots of the dog grass. Fauce. False.

Shut. A narrow outlet from one street to another. Feg. Fog grass.

Shut. To get rid of. Ex. You bin well shut of it. Fettle, s. Order, condition.

Slang. A narrow strip of land.
Fettle, v. To put in order. Ex. I soon fettled it. Soak. The place where a spring bursts out.
Forecast. Forethought.

Spaul. A term used in cutting timber ; after the Fresh. Denotes a state not quite drunk, but decidedly first cut with the axe has been made, a second made a not sober.

few inches from it causes the intermediate wood to fly Gaup. To stare foolishly. Ex. What bin'e gaup- out; this piece is said to spaul. ing at?

Stodge. To satiate.
Girder. A violent blow.

Stoul. The stump of a tree cut down.
Glat. An opening where a fence has been broken. Sup, v. To drink.
Grig. Heather. In Welsh, gryg.

Sup, s. A draught.
Grin. A gin, or snare for rabbits and hares.

Tade perfect of To take. Ex. I tade him home. Growte. To work in. A dirty hand is said to be Tallent. A hay loft. growted with dirt.

Teart. Sharp, acute. Haggle. To dispute while buying.

Trig. A small gutter. Handy. Expert, ready; a handy fellow; things be Unshut. To ungear horses. handy.

Uvver. Upper. The hill country by those in the Heft. An exceedingly hard lift or draught. When plains is called the uvver country. a cart is so fast as not to be stirred, the horses are said War. To beat. to draw at a dead heft.

Wapping. Large. Hide. To beat.

Welly. Nearly, almost. Higgler. The same as a Cricker.

Werrit.' To tease. Hound. A term of reproach. You lazy hound. Yair. Hair. Houndish. Sullen.

Yarn. To earn. Insense. To impress on the mind.

Yed. Head. Jag. A small piece, or portion. Ex. A jag of bread, Yeddart. Edward. a jag of hay, etc.

Ycow. An ewe. Kymet. Denotes weakness of intellect where per Youk. To cry out sonal restraint is necessary.

Kype. A basket of unpeeled osiers.
Lase. To beat. Ex. He gave me a lasing.

I amna. I am not. I munna. I must not. Lats. Laths.

I binna. I be not. I shanna. I shall not.

I eanna. Linty. Lazy.

I cannot. I shudna. I should not. Lissom, Pliant, supple.

I didna I did not. I winna. I will not. Ex. To lug the hair, corn, Lug. To pull, or draw.

I couldna. I could not. I wunna. I will not.

I hanna. etc.

I have not. I wudna. I would not.


tated at Longwood, in April 1821, directed that among Among the many attempts to enforce their claims on the effects which Marchand was to take in charge, and the public patronage, none pursue that course with a

convey to his son, was • My alarum Clock: it is the

co greater chance of effect than the player or the singer. |

· alarum clock of Frederick the Second, which I took at The General Advertiser, March 14, 1743-4, has the

Potsdam.' After this explanation can it be matter of following which may possibly afford some amusement.

surprise that Old Fritz's successor in the Monarchy has

since been ignorant of knowing-what's o'clock ! Advertisement, by Mr. Leveridge, to be sung to the

ENTRE NOUS. Tune ofA Cobler there was, that liv'd in a stall.

SAMUEL ROGERS the poet, and the associate of poets, Observing the Papers for several days,

threw off this mortal coil early on the morning of TuesFill'd up with a number of Benefit plays

day, the 18th inst., about half an hour after midnightMy Muse smiling said, Dick! it will not be wrong, the last of the stars that shone in his orbit. In the unTo sound an Advertisement in Merry Song.

published autograph Journal and Confessions of the Derry down, down Derry down.

once celebrated Lady Caroline Lamb, is the following And thus now I raise my voice to the Town,

allusion to names and parties who are now all passed to To move your kind thoughts against my day comes; that bourne from which no traveller returns. The lines And then with your favour, my Play to promote, here stated to have been written by the author of “ The That Leveridge may sing when he offers his note Pleasures of Memory," are not in any edition of his Derry down, down Derry down.

writings. Some advertisements in the papers of that year, show. The first time Lord Byron called at Melbourne House he that Leveridge then resided in lodgings, “ in Hanover came with Moore and Rogers; my child, a beautiful boy Street, the third door on the right hand from Long- of three years old, fell asleep on his knee, and he sat for Acre.” That side of the street has vanished in the two hours, fearful of awakening him. In the very spirit of recent widening of the thoroughfare. Subsequently, prophecy, Rogers wrote on that occasion the following Leveridge kept the Constitution Tavern, corner of Tavis- lines : tock Court in Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, and TO AN INFANT SLEEPING IN A POET'S ARMS. here Thomas Frye painted his portrait in an admirable Oh! wake thee, Cherub ! sleep not there, manner, it is now in the possession of Edmund Calvert,

Where passion's throes the soul deform;

So rests the seraph of the air
December 8.

Upon the cloud that veils the storm.

Oh! wake thee, dearest! for the heave

Of that proud heart is fraught with care;

Those arms that fold thee - to deceive, FREDERICK THE GREAT, in 1755, sometime before

For there's a slumb'ring serpent there : the impending war, travelled incognito, attended by one or two servants into Germany, At an inn in one of the

A Serpent that will shortly wake, towns through which he passed, being alone, he enquired

And o'er each flow'r of bliss be twined ; what company there was in the house, and being told

From hope her dream of rapture take,

And blight the Eden of the mind. there were four gentlemen, he sent a polite message, with his compliments, and desired he might spend the

Then, wake thee, boy ! for even now, evening with them: his request was refused. The king

The poison works with subtle art; asked the innkeeper, if there was any gentleman in the

Prepared with many a traitor vow,

To break thy doating mother's heart. neighbourhood, whom he might for the evening obtain as a companion. An officer who lived close by was sent

The notice of Samuel Rogers, in Cadell's Contemfor, when the association was wholly to Frederick's porary Portraits, was communicated by himself, and gratification, and he learned from him, the character of there the date of his birth at Newington Green is stated several of his officers, and other matters. Not long July 30, 1763; he therefore died in his ninety-third after the king sent him a letter, made himself known, / year, at No. 22, St. James's Place. and proffered his former evening companion a considerable post in his army. The officer replied, that though TALBOIS. Having obtained the pedigree of the Linvery sensible of the honour, he could not accept it, as colnshire branch of the ancient family of Talbois, I am he was actually engaged for two years, after which he desirous of knowing if there are any records of them in should be at his Majesty's service. This, the king the county of Bedford, and possibly some of your corfailed not to remeinber, the two years expired but a respondents can give me some information? The name day or two before the important battle of Rosbach, when is spelt in various ways-Ivo Tailbois, William TalleFrederick, in a letter, written wholly in his autograph, bose, Taillegebosch, or Taillegebosc. Ralph Taillgewrote to remind him of his promise, the honour of both bosch, or Tailebosc, Sheriff of Bedfordshire. Taylebois, was maintained.

Tailboys, Talboys, Tayleby, and Tailby. The Emperor Napoleon the First, in his last will dic- Cranoe Rectory, Dec. 20.

· J. H. H.





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