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CHRONOGRAM. Among these whimsies of a bygone Can any of your antiquarian readers give any illus- / day is that by Cleaveland, entitled — trations of the Nimbus of painters, especially in reference Chronosticon Decollationis Caroli Regis, Tricesimo to this sacred ornament of the heads of the Savicur and | die Januarii, secunda hora pomeridiana : the Virgin Mary in particular; I mean as to its dis Ter Deno lani Labens ReX so Le CaDente tinctive character, and as expressive of a particular age, CaroLVs exV+Vs soLIo sCeptroq Ve seCVte. or artist? One form, which is perhaps rather more

Cambridge, Oct. 13.

M. rare than the circlet of light, though it is sometimes used with it, is, I believe, that of the small pointed flame PORSON.—The following translation of the Latin resting upon the crown of the head. I wish to ascertain charade to Miss Laura Crow, in Current Notes, p. 75, if this is indicative of a particular school, and of what is submitted for insertion. school of art, as well as to have a reference or two to

Late, fondly gazing on your charms, any remarkable pictures where examples of it are met

Laura! from me, my first, you stole; with ?

Yet, haply clasp me in your arms : Oct. 1.

E. B.

The loss you caused would soon be whole. Millington's translation of Didron's Christian Iconogra

But, than iny first, more cold is thine, phy, 1851; and Mrs. Jameson's Legends of the Madonna,

As than my second, thine more fair; 1852, will furnish our correspondent with all he requires.

While from yon oak, dull croaks divine

To ill starr'd hopes nought but despair.

Answer, Cor-nix.

N. H. Joshua said in the sight of Israel - Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of

The Jews, although scattered over the face of the Ajalon. Ch. x., v. 12. In the Hebrew, the Rev. Stephen Weston observes, the reading is-Sun be thou silent on

earth, yet maintain an indissoluble bond of union and Gibeon, etc. Dum

common interest. In every country they are as it were sile, Ewa. Aquila, ITavoov, cease

the servants, but the time may come when they will virto shine, in the Heavenly bodies, is non-appearance or

tually be the masters in their turn. Even at the present absence. Lunæ silentis dies est interlunium. Plin , lib. xvi., c. 74. Virgil's Per amica silentia lunæ, is in

day, are they not to a great extent the arbiters of the the dark; and when the Greeks sailed unobserved to

fate of Europe, maintaining on the one hand, the bond

between the different States, by the mysterious power Troy, 'silentem lunum,' minimè tum lucentem. Politian.

of wealth which they possess; and on the other, loosening in locum. See also Deborah's song, where the stars fought against Sisera, by not lending their light, and

the ties of social life, and introducing or fostering ideas

of change and revolution among various peoples ? In his army, in the dark, was driven into the brook Kishon. the Je

the Jewish nation stirs the Nemesis of the destiny of Dante, Inferno, cap. 1., says

Von HAXTBAUSEN. Mi ripingeva là, dove'l sol tace. These authorities shew that the original word might Holford House, situated near the north gate, in the have been rendered literally, and not to have occasioned Great Park of the Regent's Park, upon which the late for its explanation the appearance of a miracle. Further, proprietor expended, it is said, not less than fifty thonit is evident, the prolongation of light was not the object sand pounds, the sewer thence to Hanover Gate cost fire of Joshua's injunction to the Sun, because he adds, the

Sun. because he adds. the thousand, after being for the last two years a subject of Moon, which whilst the Sun was above the horizon, much speculation, has been purchased by the Baptist could have been of no effect. The prayer was made to Communion. The purpose being to move to this new and the Lord, and the command given probably to enable advantageous position the establishment of the Baptist the army of Joshua, to prolong the fight a whole day College, now at Stepney; and in which, in addition to in a hot country, at the summer solstice, which would the training persons for the ministrv, arrangements are otherwise appear to have been impracticable under a to be effected for the reception of a limited number of meridian sun. Standing, and not hastening to go down, lay-students. The committee are to have immediate are expressions intelligible enough, of objects whose possession. Report states the purchase money was motion is not perceivable, when obscured by a cloudy

70001., but in the Times of the 14th inst., it is said atmosphere.

J. C. To complete the purchase, the sum of 80001. is required,

towards which, however, 50001, has been already The Emperor Napoleon, on the occasion of the baptism raised, Sir S. M. Peto having headed the list with the of the Prince Imperial, has presented the Pope with a munificent donation of 10001. Possibly this involves superb piece of Gobelins' tapestry, and a baptismal the money required for alterations to adapt the building font. The chef-d'œuvre of Caravaggio, in the Vatican, for collegiate purposes. The land, probably about nine the Descent froin the Cross, is the subject of the tapes-acres, within a ring fence, without the garden-wall of try; and the font, ornamented with symbols of the Holford House, is rented from the Crown, at nine pounds Evangelists, is of Sévres porcelain.

per acre per annum.


No. LXXI.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[NOVEMBER, 1856.


THE TERM 'HARDEN JEWS' EXPLAIN ED. The subjoined Latin Epigram, more elegant even than in ages long since gone by, the application of Professor Porson's, is to be found in the Anthologia · Harden Jews,' was the cognomen given to the inhaLatina, vol. I. page 62. I send you two versions; the bitants of a small town in Flintshire, about five miles English is the well known one of Pope, which some of from Chester ; called Hawarden, but commonly proyour readers may not be sorry to have again brought to nounced Harden. The term, singular as it may seem, is their remembrance; the other is a Greek translation of thus accounted for by a recent traveller in Wales, who my own; I trouble you with it only in the hope that it met with the elucidation in some legendary traditions may elicit one from an abler pen.

which he gathered in his progress.

During the reign of Cynan ap Elis ap Anarawd, king Hujus Nympha loci, sacri custodia fontis,

of Gwynedd North, at Hardin, was a Christian temple, Dormio, dum blandæ sentio murmur aquæ;

and in it a rood-loft, in which was placed an image of Parce meum, quisquis tangis cava murmura, somnum the

the Virgin Mary, bearing in its hands a large cross, Rumpere; sive bibas, sive lavere, tace.

called the Holy Rood. To this object of their adoNymph of the Grot! these sacred springs I keep,

ration, the inhabitants, during the hot and dry summer And to the murmur of these waters sleep;

of the year 946, addressed their supplications, and Oh! spare my slumbers! gently tread the cave, ardently implored rain, but unhappily without effect. Or drink in silence, or in silence lave!

Among others was the Lady Trowst, wife of Sitsilt,

then governor of Harden Castle; but it so happened Κρουνων "Ερεειος Νυμφά γλυκερώτατον ύπνον that while in prayer, the Holy Rood, from some un. "Evow- TOLS Bloupouç ödaoi Oed youeva:

known cause, fell upon her, and killed her. Incensed "Οιτινες εισερχεσθε, θέρει, εμα κοίλα μελάθρα,

beyond control, a great tumult ensued, and it was at Ei yar:llte nint', lire doñobe, gidoi.

length determined not only to try the said Virgin for Newport, Essex. William HILDYARD. the murder of the Lady, but also for the inattention or

neglect in not responding to the entreaties for rain from the numerous petitioners. The dumb ‘made of hands'

representative of Her Majesty of Heaven,' unable to PICTORIAL NIMBUS OR GLORY.

reply to the charges exhibited against her, was deemed Your correspondent E. B., has been referred to the guilty, and the sentence was hanging, but one Span of best authorities on the subject of the Nimbus, yet it Mancot, who was one of the judges, opposed this act, by may be of service to inform him, that in a page illumi- saying it was best to drown the image, since it was rain nation representing the festival of the Pentecost, in a for which they had prayed. This amelioration of the beautifully executed Dutch missal, in my possession, sentence was fiercely opposed by another of the triers which I suppose, from the character of the illumina- named Corbin of the Gate, who advised that she should tions, to be of the early part of the Fifteenth Century ; be laid on the sands, near the river. This proposition there are shewn the Twelve Apostles, six being on received the general assent, and on the tide receding, the either side of the Virgin, who is seated on a sort of water bore off placidly on its bosom the image of Our dais; with a circular Nimbus round their heads, and in Lady,' to a place near the wall of the City of Chester, addition, the red pointed flame mentioned by your cor-where on the following day it was found drowned and respondent, almost touching the heads. The absence of dead ;' and in consequence, those by whom she was disit over the head of the Virgin is compensated by the covered burned her, and raised a monument, thus insubstitution of what appears to have been a White scribed : Dove, but in consequence of the colour having been laid

The Jews their God did crucify, on the burnished gold, it has suffered greatly by friction,

The Hard'ners theirs did drown; and this supposition of mine may be liable to some little

Because their wants she'd not supply, doubt. Ruskin, if I remember rightly, in his Lectures

And placed her under this cold stone. delivered at Edinburgh, stated that the Dutch Missals are much inferior in point of execution to the English

This incident, it is said, caused the name of the river and French, but the one to which I have referred, is

that had been hitherto called the Usk, to be changed to certainly an exception to this rule.

| Rood-Die, or Rood-Dee. North Shields. F. R. N. H. 1 Angleterre.




funeral. The fear of the north side of the church-yard On the side of the Font in St. Michael's church, Coven- |

as the favourite abode of unquiet ghosts and noisy spirits try, is a small brass plate. on which the mark | has possibly died out, but it is possible that some of vour here shewn in the margin, is engraved, but

but readers may have noticed instances of it, even in these no inscription. The Coventry annals state day

state days of enlightenment. the Font in St. Michael's church was placed

I s should be glad of further information with regard there in 1394, by John Crosse, Mayor for

to the ceremonies and observances enjoined on the occa

sion, when Satanic scores were cleared off for the year that year, and the mark seems to confirm that statement.

to come. I know of no other example of the sculptured

Taper of Exorcism, sculptured over the north door, than Lee Road, Blackheath.

J. J. H.

that under notice, which is evidently debased in its style.

Should however earlier examples be extant, I shall be TAPER OF EXORCISM, LAUNCESTON, CORNWALL.

thankful to know their situations and date. The church of St. Mary Magdalen, Launceston, was Nov, 1.

T. HARWOOD PATTISON. erected early in the sixteenth century by the munificence of Sir Henry Trecarrel, who, conscious of being the last COLUMNAR ORNAMENT IN GULVAL COURCA. scion of that old Cornish family, desired in this noble The interior of Gulval church was formerly, as occamanner to perpetuate his name and his piety. The sion required, lime-whited, but about five or six years architecture of the church, as may be supposed, is not ! since, the vicar, the Rev. W. W. Wingfield, caused the remarkable for its purity of taste; the faults of the style whole to be cleansed of the lime-wash, and on an octaare, however, amply redeemed by the unique mode of gon pillar, were discovered two lables painted; on the carving that adorns the whole exterior of the building, on first and third of three sides, the words, in Gothic chawhich, among other ornaments, amid heraldic pomp, or racters, IN GRATIAM Christi; and on the second, graceful fancy, figure the arms of the town, and of the between the labels, the following device or figure :Trecarrels; the rich pomegranate, the slender feather

What is this centre representation ? Is it inof the Prince of Wales, and the blended roses of the

tended for an olive branch? This discovery has House of Tudor.

occasioned much discussion here. A beacon it Over the north door of this church, is observable the

is not; nor are there any notches for footholds relic of Romish belief here

to the summit. It is unquestionably intended depicted. It represents the

to pourtray a plant, though of what description Taper that was customa

is doubtful. Nothing of the kind grows in the rily yearly extinguished,

neighbourhood, to my knowledge. All sorts of at the time that Satan

people have endeavoured to comprehend its with his influence was

meaning, but without success, probably some of your supposed to be expelled

readers may explain this difficulty ? from the church. In this especial instance, the re


HENRY WILLIAMS. presentation of the Taper of Exorcism carries with


101 it an additional interest of

The original grant of arms to the Company of Barber being one of the last monu

Surgeons, by Garter, Clarencieux and Norroy, in 1569, ments Papacy was enabled to raise for itself in the is on parchment, having on three sides, a floriated churches of Merrie England ;' but with the dawn of the border, with, at the top, the arms of Queen Elizabeth, Reformation, the light that shone on the Church was between a Tudor rose, and a fleur-de-lis, or, each within unable to bury totally in the shade of deserved oblivion a wreath, vert. those ceremonies which had long occupied the minds of On the margin, on the left side of the grant, are emthe people. The character of the English was then, as blazoned the arms, crest, supporters, and motto DE | now, tenacious of old manners and observances; and it PRÆSCIENTIA Dei—of the Company of Barber Sur. was only by degrees that a plainer and purer belief could geons; and on the right side, a portcullis, or, encircled be instilled into them.

within a wreath, vert. The ceremonies of the Church of Rome joined itself The initial T, at the commencement, is of large size with a superstitious fear of the north side of the church, and illuminated; within it is the representation of Dein accordance with which the north door was frequently thick, or Garter King of Arms, in his official tabard; blocked up; a custom that still lingers in the darker and below, the date 1562. part of of our land. Very lately, a clergyman informed Reference in this grant is made to heraldic insignia me it was with some difficulty he prevailed on the here stated to have been assigned by “King Henry th' parishioners of a village in one of the Midland counties, Eight of famouse memory," to the Company of Surgeons to turn the rusty locks and unloosen the heavy bars of solely, but for which no patent appeared; Garter and the north door of the church, in order to proceed with a his associates seem not to have known that these arms


with supporters had been granted to the Company of | requisite, and duly to be exercysed, and experimented for Surgeons, in 1492, 7 Henry VII., during the mayoralty the preseruacion of meny, and by th'occasion of the pracof Hugh Clopton. The coat and auxiliaries as then tise thereof meny expert persons be brought up and expegranted are here engraved from an emblazonment in

rimented to the relief, succour, and helpe of an infinite nomber of persons; and for as much as within this Citie of London, there were two severall copanyes th’one by the name of Barbours Chirurgeons, and th'other by the name of Chirurgeons onely; the Barbours Chirurgeons being incorporate, and th'other not, and both occupyenge th'arte of Chirurgery, wheruppon greate cötention did arise; and for that it was most meete and necessary that the sayd two côpanyes shuld be vnited, and made one hole body, and so incoi porated to th'entent, that by their vnion and often assembly togither thi’exercyse and knowledge of their science and mistery might appeere as well in practise, as in speculation, not onely to themselfes but to others vnder theim: So that it was thonght most meete and couenient upon graue and greate cösideracion to vnyte and joyne the said two cöpanyes in one, which was don as may appeere by an acte of Parleament in ano (1540] xxxij of Henry th'Eight, in these wordes :

Be it enacted, by the Kinge, our Souereigne Lorde, and the lordes spirituall and temporall, and the comons of the same, that the sayde two severall and distinct companies, that is to say bothe the Barbours Chuyeons, and the Sourgeons, and every parson of theam, beinge a freeman of either of the saide cöpanies after the custome of the sayde Citie of London, and their successours, from hencefoortheimmediatly be vnyted, and made one entier and whole body

corporate, and one societie perpetuall, which at all tymes the Book of Ordinances of the worshipful men of the heerafter shalbe called by the name of Maisters and craft or science of Chirurgie in the Citie of London,

Gouernours of the mistery and comuualty of Barbours and dated May 10, 1435, 13 Henry VI.; still in the posses

Surgeons of London, for euermore, and by none other

name. sion of the Barbers' Company.

In consideracion wherof, and for that it doth appeere & Lee Road, Blackheath,

J. J. HOWARD. thinge most requisite for the vnitinge of these two cöpanyes

togither, and for that th'occupation of the Barbours Chi. To all and singuler as well Kinges, Herehaultes, and rurgeons, beinge incorporate hath since the tyme of Kinge Officers of Armes, as Nobles, Gentlemen and others to Henry the Sixt, used and boren armés, that is to say, whome these presentes shall come, be seene, heard, read, Sables, a cheueron between three flewmes, argent, which or understund, Sir GILBERT DETHICKE, Knight, alias were unto them assigned onely by the gifte and assigneGarter principall Kinge of Armes ; ROBERT COOKE, / ment of Clarencieulx, Kinge of armes, as by the patent Esquire, alias Clarencieulx Kinge of Armes of the south thereof doth and may more plainly appeere, and since partes of Englande; and WILLIAM FLOWER, Esquire, alias th'ynitynge of the sayde two côpanies these armes of the Norroy Kiuge of Armes of the northe partes of Englande, sayd corporation of Barbours Chirurgeons hath ben used, send greetinge in our Lorde God euerlastinge.

and none other. Forasrauch as aunciently from the beginninge the va- Yet, notwithstandinge the late Kinge Henry th’Eight of liaunt and vertuouse actes of excellent personnes haue ben famouse memory, assigned and gave vnto the Company of comended to the worlde and posterite with sondrey monu the Chirurgeons onely, a cognoysance, which is, a Spatter mentes and remembrances of their goode deseartes, Emongst thereon a rose gules, crowned golde, for their warrant in the which the chiefest and most usuall, hath ben the fielde, but no authorite by warrant, for the bearinge of the bearinge of signes and tokens in sbildes, called armes, / same in shilde as armes, and for that it pleused the same beingenone other thinges then euidences and demonstracions | Kinge Henry th'eight, not onely to unite and incorporate of prowesse and valoir diversly distributed accordinge to the these two cöpanyes togither by acte of Parleament but also qualytes and deseartes of the persons meritinge the same. hath ratifyed and cõfirmed the same by his letters patents, To th'entent that such as have don comendable seruice to under the greate seale of Englande, and so lately cöfirmed their prince or countrey, either in warre, or peace, or other by the Queenes Majestie that now is, And whereas, Thomas wyse, by laudable and couragiouse entreprices, or proceed- | Galle, in the third yere of the Queenes Majesties reigne that inge of eny person, or persons, in th'augmentacion of the now is, beinge maister; Alexander Mason, John Standon, estate or connon wealth of their realme, or countrey, might Robert Mudesley, governors of the same corporation, therby receyve due honor in their lyues, and also deryue the mistery and comunaltie of Barbours and Chirurgeons, same successively to their successors and posterite for euer. beinge desirouse to have some signes and tokens of honor,

And whereas in the Citie of London, th'experience and added and augmented to th'olde and auncient armes of the practise of the science and facultie of Chirurgery is most Barbours Chirurgeons, uot onely for a perpetuall memory as well of the famouse prince Kinge Henry th’Eight, their or bannerrolles; standard, or standardes; penon, or penfounder and patrone, but also for a further declaration of ons; pencell, or pencelles ; or otherwise, to their honors th’ynitinge of those two cöpanies togither, did instantly re- and worshippes at all tymes, and for euer heerafter, at their quire the late Clarencieulx Heruey to cösider the premisses, libertie and pleasure without the impediment, let, molestaand to shew his endevor therin.

tion, or interruption of eny person, or persones. Who findinge their request just and lawfull, did graunt In witnesse whereof, We the sayd Garter, Clarencieuls, and give unto theim, by his letters patentes, under the hand and Norroy, Kinges of Armes, haue signed these presentes and seale bearinge date the 5th of July (1561.) in the with our handes and affixed therunto, our severall Seales of third yere of the reigne of the Queens Majestie that now is, Armes, the second day of June, in the yere of the nativitie an augmentacion in chief to their old and auncient armes of our Lorde Jesus Christ (1569,) and in the eleventh yere with beaulme and creast to the same, which chief was paly of the reigne of our most dread Souvereyne, Lady Elizaargent and vert, on a pale gules, a lyon passant gardant, beth, by the grace of God, Queene of Englande, Fraunce, golde, betweene two spatters, argent, on eche a double rose, and Irelande, defender of the faithe, etc. vules and argent, crowned golde; and to their creast, on a GILRERT DETHICK, alias Garter, principall Kinge of torce, silver and sables, an Opinicus, golde, mantelled Armes. gules, doubled argent.

ROBERT Cooke, alias Clarencieulx Roy Darmes. And further, in the tyme of Robert Basthrop, Esquire, p moy WYLLIAM FLOWER, alias Norroy Roy Darmes. Sergenuntof the Queenes Majesties Chirurgeons, then beinge Entered, approved, and allowed, in the Visitation made maister of the said mistery and comunalty of the Barbours 1634. and Chirurgeons; and George Vaughan, Richard Hughes,

HEN. ST. GEORGE, Richmond. and George Corron, Governors of the same corporation, the snyd Clarencieulx Heruey, did graunt unto the Bayd Corpo

TIE ANTIQUARY AND TIE NOVELIST. ration, two supporters to those armes, before given theim, which were two Linxe, in their proper coulor, aboute their

Most of your readers will remember the opening scene neckes a crowne with a chayne, argent, pendent thereat as

of Sir Walter Scott's Antiquary, in which Oldbuck forins by the sayde letters patentes more plainly doth appeere.

the acquaintance of Lovell ; and they may possibly reYet notwithstandinge, for as much as it doth plainly collect the bookseller's boy bearing in his hand a folio appeere vnto us, the sayd Garter, Clarencieulx and Norroy, volume, the leaves of which the zealous bibliomaniac Kinges of Armes, tbat the aforesayd armes in some respectes anxiously turned over to ascertain that it was in every were not onely contrary to the wordes of the corporation of respect perfect. This tome Mr. Jonathan patronizingly the sayd Barbours and Chirurgeons, but that also in the informs his new acquaintance is • Sandy Gordon's Itinesame patent of armes there are sondrey other thinges con- i rarium Septentrionale.' a book illustrative of the Roman trary, and not agreinge with the auncient lawes and rules of | Remains in Scotland. * armes. We the sayd Kinges of Armes, by power and authorite

On referring to Chambers' Biographical Dictionary of

| eminent Scotsmen, art., Alexander Gordon, it will be to us comited by letters patent under the greate Seale of Englande, have confirmed, giuen, and graunted, the fore

seen how very little is known respecting him : the followsayde armes, creast, and supporters heretofore mentioned ing letter addressed to Anderson, the Scotish antiquary. to be boren in marier and fourme heer after specified. That and dated August 19, 1723, will therefore doubtless be is to say

perused with some interest :Quarterly, the first, sables, a cheveron betweene three Sir, Since you did me the favour of lending me Sibbald's flewmes, argent. The seconde quarter, per pale, argent book, I have been much instructed and informed by it, I and vert, on a spatter of the first, a double rose, gules and have therefore rangud over all the booksellers' shons in argent, crowned golde. The third quarter as the seconde ; town in search of purchasing it, but to no purpose, save and the fourth, as the first ; over all, on a crosse, gules, a that Paton has promised to procure it for me this week; lyon passant gardant, golde; and to their Creast, upon the however, seeing the Baron and I shall probably go out of heaulme on a Torce, argent and sables, an Opinicus, golde, town to-morrow, I have in a manner an indispensable ne. mantelled gules, doubled argent, supported with two cessity of having that book of Sibbald's along with me in Linxe in their proper coulor about their neckes, a crowne

my antiquary peregrinations; so if I could so far prevail with a chayne, argent, pendent thereat, as more plainly on your goodness to lend it to me, till I come back from the appeerith depicted in this margent.

Virtuoso Tour, which can be no further than Glasgow, "Which Armes, Creast, and Supporters, and every parte Stirling and Perth this summer, I should take it as a de and parcell thereof, We the sayd Kinges of Armes, have monstration of very condescending goodness in you, seeing confirmed, ratified, given, and graunted, and by these pre- I cannot get another at present, and this book is absolutely sentes, do ratify, confirme, giue, and graunt, un to Richard

necessary for my designs, seeing it directs me to fifty or Tholmowed, maister of the sayd mistery and comunaltie ; sixty places which I know nothing about. Besides, I am Nicholas Archenbolde, Thomas Burston, and John Fielde, to trace the Vallum according to the stages set down in this gouvernors of the sayd Corporation, Mistery, and Com- draught. All this considered and that it may chance to be unaltie of Barbours and Chirurgeons, and to their succes.

a public good, I hope you will indulge me with the favour sors, by the name of Maister and Gouvernours, and to the which I came to ask of you in person, but that I heard you whole assistantes, company, and fellowshippe of the sayd were at Fowlbriggs. I am therefore impatiently waiting Corporation, mistery, and comunaltie of Barbours and

your commands this way, or, if positively you will have it Chirurgeons, within this Citie of London, and to their suc- returned, I shall; but at any rate, I should not keep it cessors for euermore, and they the same to haue, holde, vse, beare, enjoy, and shewforthe in shylde, seale, banner, * Waverley Norels, edit. 1829, vol. v. p. 11.

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