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THE CUP AND TIE LIP.

GRANT OF ARMS TO GOLDSMITHS' COMPANY. Most persons are familiar with the proverb which The following grant of arms, or rather of crest and suggests the uncertainty that intervenes between the supporters, to the Goldsmiths' Company of London, here cup and the lip, who are not acquainted with its high copied from the original, has never been printed :antiquity, and its supposed origin. According to the To all and singular as well Nobles and Gentelmen as Greek mythologers, the person who first experienced a

| others to whome these presents shall come, ROBERT truth, which after him became proverbial, was a king COOKE esquier, alias Clarencieulx principall Herebault and named Ancæus. Lycophron who has expressed the pro Kinge of Armes of the Sowth, Este, and Weste partes of verb (v. 489.) with his usual perspicuity and simplicity: 1 this realme of Englande, from the river of Trent sowthώς πολλά χείλους και δεπαστραίων ποτών

wardes sendeth greetinge. μέσω κυλίνδει Μοίρα παμμήστωρ βροτών

Whereas aunciently from the beginninge the valiant and

vertuous actes of worthie persons have ben comended to refers it to an Arcadian hero, Ancæus of Tegea, who

the worlde withe sondry monuments and remembrances of was killed by the Calydonian boar. His valour and un

tbeyr good desertes amongst the whiche the chefest and timely fate were subjects of lively interest in his native

moste usuall hath ben the bearinge of Signes in Shildes city; and the artist who adorned one of the pediments called Armes which are evident demonstracions of prowis in the great temple of Minerva Alea at Tegea, with | and valoyr diversly distributed accordinge to the qualities the principal figures belonging to the Calydonian chase, and deserts of the persons, whiche order as yt was prudently had represented Ancæus in the act of sinking under his devised in the beginninge to stirre and kindell the hartes wounds, after the hatchet with which he had ineffectually of men to the imitacion of vertue and noblenes; even so assailed the boar had fallen from his hand.* But Lyco

bathe the same ben and yet is continually observed to th' phron's Greek commentator censures the poet for con

ende that sucbe as have don comendable servyce to their founding two perfectly distinct personages, the one of

Prynce or Contry either in Warre or Peace may bothe

receave dewe honor in their lyves and also deryve the same Tegea, and Ancæus a son of Neptune and Astypalea, and

successively to their posteritie after them, king of the Leleges.f This people, according to Phere

And whereas Kinge Richarde the Seconde in (1393,] the cydes, I was in possession of the coast of Asia between

sixtenth yere of his reigne did by his letters patentes, at Ephesus and Phocæa, and of the islands Chios and Westmester, the sixte daye of february in the yere afore

fore the lonian migration, and a legend re.saide, incorporate the men of the arte or mistery of Goldported by Tzetzes on the authority of an Aristotle who smiths in the Citie of London, and that they sholde be one had written a book entitled nréttlon, placed the scene of perpetuall comunitie and yerely chose fower wardens of the event which gave rise to the proverb in Samos. the men of the saide comunitie, to oversee rule and dewly There Ancæus had planted the vine: but a seer or an governe the saide arte or mistery and all and singular the oracle had predicted that he should never drink wine

men of the same forever from its fruit. When the grapes were ripe, the king

Synce which tyme Kinge Edwarde the fowerth, the pressed a bunch into a cup, and as he raised it to his

thirtieth daye of Naye in [1462,] the seconde yere of his

reigne, did not only ratifie and confirme the same, but also lips, scoffed at the idle prophecy; the seer replied,

gave them dyvers and sondry liberties, as to pleade and be πουλυ μεταξύ πέλει κύλικος και χείλεος άκρον" at the

impleaded by the names aforesaid, and that they showlde same moment a shout was heard, and tidings came that a boar was ravaging the fields. Laying aside the un

have a perpetuall succession, and one Comon Seale for the

necessary business of the saide art or mistery to serve tasted must, Ancæus rushed forth to encounter the

them for ever, and for that the saide arte or mistery hath invader, and perished in the conflict.

of longe tyme borne Armes, yet notwithstandinge for the With regard to the proverb, it can scarcely be doubted, further honor of the saide arte or mistery they have that it belongs to the Samian Ancæus, whose son required me the said Clarencieulx to assigne to these theyr Samos was said to have given his name to the island : auncient Armes, a Creast and Supporters lawfull to be borne. for the prediction which is the basis of the story, had In consideracion of theyr worthiness and at the request most probably some connexion with that peculiar defect of Robert Browne gentelman, John Mabbe gentelman, in the quality of the Samian soil, which rendered it un- Robert Friar gentelman, and William Denham gentelman, favourable to the growth of the vine, while the neigh

| now wardens of the saide arte or mistery, I have, by power bouring islands, as well as the adjacent coast of the

and aucthoritie to my office annexed and graunted by letters

patents under the Greate Seale of Englande ; devised orcontinent were celebrated for the excellence of their

deyned and assigned to the saide wardens and theyr sucwines.

C.T.

cessors in office and like place, and to all those infranchised • Pausanias, viii. 45. 7.

of the saide arte or mistery, to these theyr auncient armes, + So he is described by Asius (in Pausan, vii. 4. 1. 7.) who

he that is to saye-Quarterly, gules and asur, in the first, a does not mention the Carians, as incorrectly stated by Pa

leopardes hed; in the seconde, & cuppe between two nofka, (Res Samiorum, p. 11.) Strabo himself speaks of

buckles, golde; the Creaste and supporters hereafter followthe Carians as having inhabited Samos while it was called

inge, that is to sayeParthenia, (xiv. p. 637,) but possibly he only uses the Uppon the heaulme on a wreathe golde and gules, issuant name of Carians, according to a commonly received notion, out of the clowdes, a demy virgin, her gowne purple, her as equivalent to that of Leleges, without in any way mean- kertell golde, holdinge in her right hande, a payre of baling to contradict Pherecydes. Strabo, xiv. p. 632. lance golde in her left hande, a tuche stone mantelled gules, doubled argent. The supporters, two Unicornes golde

RARE MARC ANTONIO PRINTS. mayned, clayed and tayled purple as more playnely ap- The recent ele of the collections of art belonging to perithe depicted in the margent. To have and holde the saide Armes Creast and Sup

the late Mr. Rogers, presents in its results many points porters to the saide wardens and to their successors in like of consideration to collectors, I mean more particularly Office, and to all the men enfranchised of the saide arte or in reference to the variations in value, at various periods, mistery from tyme to tyme, and they the same to use and as Current Notes appears eminently calculated for beare and shewe forever in all places honest for the honor embodying and transmitting such memoranda, I submit of the said fellowship in shilde, standard, banner, penon, or the following for insertion. otherwaies at their lybertie and pleasure without impedy Take one class of prints, the Marc Antonio's, which ment let or interruption of any person or persons. In

are all of very rare occurrence, and as those in the colwitness whereof I have set hereunto my hande and seale of lections of Sir M. M. Sykes and Rogers are of equal office, the eight daye of November, in the yere of oure Lord

importance as regards condition, a comparison with the

importance as recards conditio God, a thowsand five hundreth seventy and one, and in the

relative prices they produced, the former in May, 1824, thirtenth yere of the reigne of our sovereigne lady Eliza

and the latter so recently, will not only be interesting, beth, by the grace of God, Queene of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faithe, etc.

but, to a certain extent, mark the declension, or rise which ROBERT Cooke alias Clarencieux,

some of them acquire by a variation in taste, for, urge Roy Darmes.

what we may, there is a fashion in all things. The arms emblazoned in the margin are the same as

The numbers at the commencement of each line refer

to the print as so numbered by Bartsch in his fourteenth now borne by the Goldsmiths' Company, but later there

volume. The first column of prices are from the Sykes' was a slight change in the colours, which was thus

Sale Catalogue, the second indicates those from Mr. registered :

Christie's Catalogue of the Rogers' Collection. Approved and entered in the visitation of London, made 1634. The Unicornes to bee mayned clayed and tayled |

3 Noah, after Raffaelle 6 0 0 0 16 0 argent, and the gowne of the creast gules.

9 Joseph, after the same 5 15 6 015 0 HEN. ST. GEORGE, Richmond. 10 David, after the same 45 3 0 27 6 0 Examples of the Goldsmiths' Company arms occur in

16 Nativity, after F. Francia 20 0 0 3 15 0 sepulchral memorials in the churches of Upminster and

23 Christ in the house of the Westham, in Essex; and Datchet in Berkshire.

Pharisee, after Raffaelle

6 10 or Polidoro?

0 4 15 Lee Road, Blackheath.

0 J. J. HOWARD.

26 Last Supper, after Raffaelle 8 0 0
DISMEMBERMENT OF POLAND.

32 Descent from the Cross, the
same

8 12 6 The mishaps which have befallen Poland, and con

35 Madonna lamenting, the tinue to repress the energies of that kingdom, were all,

same

2 3 0 5 15 in every circumstance, remarkably predicted by one of

52 Madonna in Clouds 25 0 her greatest monarchs. John Casimir V., in a dis

61 Madonna and Child, the same 4 4 0 course he made to the States, assembled in 1661, an- |

ed in 1661, an1 63 Holy Family, the same 16 16 0 nounced to them his resolution of abdicating his royal | 113 Five Saints, the same 15 5 position in the following impressive words :

0

116 St. Cecilia, the same 19 19 0 I foresee the misfortunes which threaten our country, 245 Judgment of Paris, the same 6 100 and I wish it may please God to make me a false prophet. 247 Mount Parnassus, the same 21 0 0 The Muscovite and the Cossack will join the people who | 342-4 Three Angles of the Fartalk the same language with themselves, and will possess

nesina

98 14 0 26 15 6 themselves of the duchy of Lithuania. The confines of

350 Galatea, after Raffaelle 14 14 0

1 2 Great Poland will be open to Brandenbourg ; and Prussia

352 The Quos-ego, the same 15 0 itself will, either by treaty, or the force of arms, make war

0

0 0 upon our territory. In this dismemberment of our estates,

355 The Amadeus, with border 7 10 0 the house of Austria will not let slip the opportunity to

361 Triumph of Trajan

5 0 0 1 0 seize on Cracow. Each of our neighbours will rather chuse, 381 Philosophy, after Raffaelle 6 6 0 12 12 0 by force of arms, to gain a part of Poland, than to wait to 382 Poesy, the same

5 5 0 52 10 0 possess, perhaps, some day or other, a kingdom whose an- | 383 Female pouring water, after cient privileges defend it from the enterprizes of foreign

Francia

0 15 0 3 15 powers.

417 The Pest, after Raffaelle 5 0 0 1 1 0 He abdicated in 1668, and the Poles of his day were | 432 Young Mother

4 0 0 far from believing that the discourse of a prince, who who | 445 Woman in meditation

0 0 after being a Jesuit, then a cardinal, and ascended the

| 464 Two figures, after Michael throne, relinquished a crown, and again became a monk

Angelo

7 15 0 2 2 0 in France, where he died; was, in effect, a prophecy 496 Man bearing

| 496 Man bearing base of column 6 8 6 6 0 0 that has too truthfully occurred to the very letter.

514 Marcus Aurelius statue 25 00 9 0 0

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Thus showing, notwithstanding the changes of ap- , War, and of the Marines; his friend Harley having preciation, arising for the most part from individual been, a little before, made Secretary of State. Whether taste, a depreciation in value in Rogers's sale of one from the influence of a former connexion with Miss hundred and thirty-five pounds. Priced and named Gumley, or that it really was subsequent to his marlists, printed so as to bind with the sale catalogues of riage, is immaterial, it was easy as Secretary-at-War collections of character and repute, are to collectors of to elevate her father to the office of a paymaster, and the highest value; I really wish some one would adopt as such we find him. The beauty of Miss Gumley, this course, and I should at all times be most happy to who became Mrs. Pulteney, afterwards countess of Bath, subscribe to their cost.

is recorded in history; and the marriage of her sister June 10.

A COLLECTOR. with Francis Colman doubtless led to his appointment of

Resident Minister in Tuscany. All this is but the BOLINGBROKE'S MISTRESS, MISS GUMLEY.

history of the day; these extravagances are highly desYour correspondent C., who, in Current Notes, p. 48,criptive of the state of society at this period, and disasks for the authority on which it is stated, Miss

graceful as they are to the persons concerned, they Gumley was the mistress of Henry St. John, subse reflect equal discredit upon the public forbearance which quently Lord Bolingbroke, may be referred to Mallet's

could tolerate and even applaud them. Pope's encomemoir of him, in which it is noticed that at the age miums amount to nothing

miums amount to nothing, he said civil things of others which should have been employed in the acquisition of who were equally loose in principles of honour, and knowledge, St. John seemed more ambitious of being whose names, though emblazoned on the pages of that thought the greatest rake about town, and was noted eminent writer, yet figure in history as dishonourable for keeping Miss Gumley, the most expensive prostitute

mistresses of royalty, and the abandoned polluters of in the kingdom.* Cooke, upon a fuller inquiry and further the marriage-bed. evidence, descanting upon his irregularities, observes :Formed to excel in whatever he might undertake, he

QUAINT EPITAPHS. soon became as notorious for his excesses as he was afterwards eminent for his genius and learning. By those who On the gravestone of a NATHANIEL CLARKE, in Biscould yet remember the court of Charles II., he was com- brooke Churchyard, near Uppingham, below the figure pared to Rochester, and he was then proud of the compa of a waggoner driving “his blessed horses," which, if I rison, He left nothing unaccomplished that could increase remember rightly, had been coloured, are the following the similitude; he continued his drunken revels with the lines most unblushing publicity, and his mistress, Miss Gumley, Here lies the body of NATHANIEL CLARKE, was the most beautiful courtesan of her day, but St. John

Who never did no harm in the light, or in the dark; was rather captivated by her celebrity than won by her

But by his blessed horses taken great delight, beauty; his attentions were not very assiduous, nor his

And often travelled with them, by day and by night. constancy very remarkable.t

Mallet places the birth of Henry St. John, at Bat The epitaph commencing—Man's life is like a tersea, in 1672 ; but Cooke, upon Bolingbroke's own winter's day, quoted in the last volume of Current Notes, statement, dates it Oct. 1, 1678; and his riotous course of p. 64, is with a few verbal alterations, also found in dissipation was the theme of his earliest biographer. Crowland Abbey churchyard. · He was much addicted to women, and was apt to in- Very recently, the following has been placed in dulge hiinself in late hours, with all those excesses that | Whittlesea churchyard :usually attend them.'I It is not apparent whether his liaison with Miss Gumley was before his travels upon

Weep not for me, my dearest dear; the continent, which occupied about two years, portions

I am not dead, but buried here. of 1698-1700, or after his marriage in the latter

With patience wait, prepare to die, year-a mere marriage of convenience, for he com

And then you'll surely come to I. plained that his wife's temper was insufferable, and she Eldernell, June 2.

H. I. L. that his infidelities were shameless and intolerable: they soon formally separated.2 St. John, upon entering public life, was, by his

TEMPLE BAR.—Townley and Fletcher, the adherents

of the Pretender, were executed on Kennington Comfamily interest, returned member for Wootton-Bassett in Wiltshire, and abandoning his Whig connections,

mon, July 30, 1746, and their heads, as those of

| traitors, according to the very rare print, were exposed joined Harley, a confirmed tory, for whom he then had the greatest esteem. His eloquence in the house gained

to public contempt upon Temple-bar on August 2.

When were they removed thence ? for him such authority and influence that, to reward his merit, he was April 10,|| 1704, appointed Secretary-at

Salford, June 12.

T. F.

One fell from its unenviable position on March 31, 1772; * Bolingbroke's Works, 1777, 4to., vol. i. p. 4.

the other, according to a newspaper-Yesterday, (Friday, + Memoirs of Lord Bolingbroke, 1835, 8vo., vol. i. p. 11. Feb. 26, 1773,) about one o'clock, the head, which was

Memoirs, 1752, 8vo., p. 33. Cooke, vol. i. p. 19. | upon Temple-bar, was blown off by the high wind, and fell || April 20. Memoirs, 1752.

upon one of the sedan chairs standing at the bottom.

avit

BELFRY RHYMES, CORNWALL.

EARLY MERCHANT'S MARK The following lines in Calstock Church, were pro

All the examples of marks mercantile which occur on cured for me, at some trouble, by a friend to whom I

sepulchral brasses in the churches of Ipswich have been

noticed in Current Notes. The annexed is the only am greatly indebted.

one that is incised on a flat stone in St. Peter's church. Penzance, June 2.

HENRY WILLIAMS.

The being merchant and master of a ship, appears to
We ring the quick to church, the dead to grave.

have been, in 1620, deemed worthy of especial note :-
Good is our use, such usage let us have.
Who swears, or curse, or in a cholerick mood
Quarrels or strike altho' he draw no blood;

Here lieth interred Adriaen Adria-
Who wears his hat, or spur, or turns a bell,

enzoo Waywell, who when he lived Or by unskillful handling mars a peal,

was both merchant and master of a Lett him pay Sixpence for each single crime,

shipp, he deceased the 22 December, 'Twill make him cautious against another time.

MDCXX.
So when the bells are ceased then let us sing,
God bless our Holy Church, God save the King.
These bells were cast, and the tower new leaded, in Lee Road, Blackheath.

J. J. H.
the year 1773.
*Joun Moon, John Hunn, Churchwardens.

PILLEMENT. I am anxious to learn something of

JEAN PILLEMENT, an artist who flourished about a
DE ORIGINE VITE ET MORTIS.

century ago, and as I know of no means so likely for Qu a d te fu str the attainment of that object as through the agency of os nguis irus isti de nere

your useful and excellent Current Notes, I venture to H sam Chrvul

ask if any of your readers can afford me any informa

tion respecting him and his works, and whether his TRANSLATION.

crayon drawings, for which, I believe, he was famous curf wd dis and pain; in his day, are now of any value? I have sought on the A sed iend rought eath ease

walls of the Louvre for specimens of this artist, and bles frb brand again. finding but one, I concluded his works are somewhat

scarce, is this so?

E. K. B.
GLASS WINDOW RITMES.

Jean Pillement was a Frenchman, who resided some
On the left bank of the river Wharf, and on the

years in London, chiefly patronised and employed by Mons. north-east corner of Harewood bridge, on the line of 0. Leviez, a dancing-master of some notoriety in Beaufortroad from Leeds to Harrogate, stood recently an inte-buildings, in the Strand; but who, in addition to the repuresting Elizabethan roadside inn, about which the land- tation acquired by his Terpsichorean profession, added the, scape was very picturesque. The cleanliness and neat no doubt to him, highly profitable dealing in prints and ness of this inn, with its small low rooms, and the drawings. Pillement's chief employment was the drawing excellent creature comforts at all times to be found of landscapes and fancy subjects, generally in black chalk there, caused it to be much visited by small parties on upon white paper, sometimes strengthened in Indian ink. fishing excursions to its neighbourhood, and a place of These were theatrically disposed, the parts not drawn from resort for many of the respectable inhabitants of Leeds.

nature, but selected from prints, those by Le Bas after In 1798, when first visited by the writer, on an old pane

Wouvermans, were the main source from which he drew

the forms in all his pasticcio productions. They had the of glass in one of its stone-mullioned windows, were

| merit of being finished with considerable patience and care, inscribed the following lines

and from that cause obtained much notice from persons Gaily I lived as Ease and Nature taught,

with whom neatness of execution was held to be the perfec. And past my little Life without a thought;

tion of art. Leviez had, on his own account, many plates I wonder then why Death, that tyrant grim,

engraved after Pillement's designs, some of them by RaveShould think of me, who never thought of him. net; Boydell's name appears to others as the publisher.

There are also some fantastically designed ornaments, in These were followed by an admonitory quatrain

what was then ridiculously termed the Chinese Taste; these Ah! why forget that Death should think of thee, were engraved by Canot, and are dated 1759. If thou art Mortal, such must surely be ;

The repute in which he was then held, induced some of Then rouse up reason, view thy hast'ning end, bis drawings to be exhibited in the first and second exAnd lose no time to make thy God thy Friend.

hibitions of the Royal Academy, but they are not partiAlas! the comfortable little old inn has since been

cularised in the Catalogues; and he soon after quitted Eng

land. demolished, and a large fashionable one erected on its Pillement painted a few pictures in a similar style of site, but to me it does not supply that satisfactory, nor composition with his drawings, showy in their colouring, seeming comfort and ease which I constantly experienced but deficient in tone. These, with his drawings, have in its predecessor.

J. H. failed to retain their former estimation,

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No. LXVII.]

“Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[JULY, 1856.

ball has since been religiously preserved, and may be KEIGWIN FAMILY MANSION AT MOUSEROLE.

seen in the above house. Penzance in the sixteenth century was but little During the Civil war, a descendant made himself known and of minor importance, Mousehole on the con- sufficiently conspicuous as a royalist, and is thus noticed trary was the principal town on the shores of the in the following letter. Mount's Bay; but all things change, Mousehole* has

June 30, 1646. declined to a mere fishing village, and Penzance is now Sir, I believe the Castle of Pendennis will not be long out a large progressive and prosperous town.

of our hands ; a dogger boat with four guns I have taken, The Keigwins of Mousehole were the principal family

whereof one Kedgwin of Penzant, was Captain, a notable in the parish of St. Paul; and in 1595, the large house

active knave against the Parliament, and had the king's noticed by many of our local historians, but not till

commission, but now would fain be a merchant man, and

was ballasted with salt, and had diverse letters in her for now engraved —

Pendennis Castle. Han

Aboard the Andrew,
before Pendennis Castle,

W. BATTEN. Allusion is later made to a Mr. John Keigwin, as being the last person whose knowledge of the Cornish language was rudimentally correct. He rendered Lluyd material assistance while forming his Cornish grammar,

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country, about half a mile compass or more, by whom were burned, not only the houses they went by, but also the parish church of St. Paul, the force of the fire being such, as it utterly ruined all the great stone pillars thereof. Others of them, in that time, burned the fisher-town Mousehole ; the rest marched as a guard for defence of the firers. The inhabitants being feared with the Spaniards landing and burning fled from their dwellings, and very meanly weaponed, met on a green on the west side of Penzance, Sir Francis Godolphin who was that forenoon coming from his

house for the pacifying some controversies in those western was occupied by Jenkin Keigwin, then the head of that

parts; and from the hills espying the fires in that town, family. On the morning of July 23, in that year, the

church and houses, hastened thither. He forthwith sent Spaniards made a descent upon the coast over against to all the Captains of those parts for their speedy repair Mousehole, and Jenkin Keigwin was killed by a shot with their companies; and alco, by post to Sir Francis fired from one of their gallies in their attack upon the Drake, and Sir Johu Hawkins, then at Plymouth, with a town.t He was buried at St. Paul; but the cannon fleet bound for the Indies, sent advertisement of the arrival

of these four gallies, and of their burnings; advising them * Mousehole in the Cornish language named Porternis, to look to themselves, if there were any greater fleet of the and in Latin, Portus Insulæ, both importing one meaning enemy's at sea; and to send west with all haste what the Island Haven, and so called by reason of a small island | succours by sea or land, they could spare. Sir Francis situated before it.

Godolphin then advised that weak assembly to retire into + The Spaniards in their Popish malevolence considered Penzance, and to prepare it for defence until the coming of the English a nation of heretics, and their extirpation a the country forces that he had sent for; but they finding service rendered to God. This induced the armament in themselves something above a hundred, wherein were about 1588, but its discomfiture appears to have been soon for thirty or forty shot, though scarcely one third of them were gotten by them, and the atrocity of this descent, is thus serviceable, insisted upon marching against the enemy to narrated by Carew.

repel them from further spoils of their bouses. Soon after the sun was risen, and had chased a fog that # Courtney's Guide to Penzance. The figure of the kept the sea out of sight, four gallies of the enemy presented fisherwoman represented in the woodcut, is introduced as themselves upon the coast over against Mousehole, and a memento of Dorothy or Dolly Pentreath, a remarkable there in a fair bay, landed about two hundred men, pikes Cornish character, who lived and died at Mousehouse, and and shot, who forthwith sent their forlorn hope, consisting is said to have been the last person who could speak in the of their basest people, unto the strazgled houses of the Cornish dialect.

VOL. VI.

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