Page images

matic science, and which a familiarity with his pub- | could be required; and so anxious was Mr. Sainthill lished papers, and an intimate correspondence of several to secure the credit of this interpretation to his friend, years has brought before my immediate notice.

that the printing of the volume, then arrived at the To the importance and number of his contributions conclusion, was delayed until the coins were engraved the five last volumes of the Numismatic Chronicle, and in illustration of Dr. Scott's reading. the Continental periodicals devoted to similar pursuits Yet not solely to these numismatic enquiries were his bear ample testimony. In the fourteenth volume of erudition and inimitable qualities subservient; they the Numismatic Chronicle, is found :

comprehended almost every other department of archæA descriptive catalogue of unpublished varieties of ology; and however unquestionably important his printed Greek, Colonial, Imperial and Roman Coins; replete papers are, his extensive correspondence with the with interest, and exhibiting in particular, several varie- principal numismatists of Europe, must no doubt be ties of a rare class-the brass coins of the Kings of the far more so, and if collected would present a series of Bosphorus.

discoveries, and many ingenious and sound observations In the fifteenth volume, two papers ; one on African of the highest degree of importance, and judging from Regal coins, presenting much new and important in- | the assistance I have derived from his correspondence, forination. The other, on the coins of Helena, the while compiling some of the works I have published, consort of the Emperor Julian, a paper of considerable and others, I am yet engaged with, I can fully estimate interest.

the irreparable loss which those busied in the numisIn the later volumes, is a long and most masterly matic and archæological science have yet to deplore." paper on the Coins of the Parthian Kings, affording much A brother numismatist, and from infancy à fellow that is elucidatory on this interesting class of numis- student with Dr. Scott, but now professionally employed matic rarities.

in the East; on being apprised of his lamented friend's An essay on a Colonial coin of Tyndaris in Sicily; and decease, wrote—"It is difficult as yet to realise fully the in the following number, an elaborate article on the loss we have sustained. He was such an excellent Regal Coins of Mesopotamia. He has, in truth, been man, so good a friend, and so wonderful a scholar. He the first to treat successfully this portion of the early was indeed one of those early lights whose very intenAsiatic coinage, and his premature decease tas ap- sity precludes their burning long, and whom God has parently arrested for some time at least, a satisfactory withdrawn to himself, as a guiding star of whom the arrangement of this most important, but most difficult world was scarce worthy. All his old friends and series.

fellow students out here, are greatly grieved, as he was His papers on the coins of Ceylon, and on a coin of admired and beloved by all." Arsaces XXX., have severally their importance. He had also made considerable progress in classing and interpreting the legends on the coins of the Persian and

WEBER'S MANUSCRIPT OF OBERON. other kings, tributary to the Parthians; a subject that It is stated, Baron Korff, the Director of the Imperial may be said to have been scarcely attempted by any Library at St. Petersburg has made known, that the other writer. The subjects in Numismatology adopted Manuscript of Oberon is in his keeping. It extends to by Dr. Scott, were for the most part those of which the two hundred and nineteen pages, text and notes toContinental Numismatists have rarely availed them- gether, and is wholly in Weber's autograph, and with a selves, few indeed have shown any ardour in the pursuit, number of marginal memoranda, from which are derived and still fewer have achieved their enquiries successfully. the particulars, that the Opera was composed partly in The Bactrian, Indo-Scythian, Parthian, Sub-Parthian, Dresden, and partly in London, between 1825 and and Sassanian coins, with some others of minor impor- | 1826 ; and that the overture was finished in London, tance but equal difficulty, were all closely studied by April 9, 1826. Weber was then residing with Sir him, and the discoveries he made gave ample promise George Smart. What Baron Korff does not mention, that all these classes would eventually be by him most is the important fact, that this original score was incompletely and satisfactorily elucidated.

tended by Weber's widow and son to have been preIn reference to his great knowledge of the earlier sented to her Majesty the Queen of England; but that spoken but now dead languages of Asia, and their great the widow dying, the Staatsrath persuaded the surviving utility in the illustration of the ancient coinage of that son to present it to the Emperor of Russia, after having country, the preface to the second volume of Mr. Saint- | it handsomely bound for that purpose, by holding out to hill's Olla Podrida presents a corroborative fact. An him the expectation of a rich Imperial present in reinscription on certain Parthian coins had baffled all turn. What the younger Weber really received was a enquiry, on the part of the author of the Coinage of the few lines from Count Adlerberg, expressing the EmParthians, and the most distinguished oriental scholars peror Nicholas's thanks for the present. had failed in rendering eren the smallest scintilla of ex The late Mr. Hawes had Weber's original scores for planation – the work appeared, and in Mr. Sainthill's Oberon in his possession, and he presented the writer Olla Podrida, vol. II., pp. xxiii-xxv., will be found a with the first song in the second act, because it was letter from Dr. Scott, explaining most lucidly all that complete on one sheet of paper.


AUTOORSHIP OF THE WAVERLEY NOVELS. Upon the decease of Otho III., Emperor of Germany,

The diffidence with which the opponents of the supHenry II. was elected his successor, and during his

position that Sir Walter Scott was the author of the reign for twenty years, that is, from 1004 to 1024, the Wave

| Waverley Novels have advanced their opinions, is both German clergy enriched and emboldened by the blind

pleasing and natural, and there seems some likelihood devotion to their interests of this bigoted monarch, that our own wishes would so far bear us, that we began to assume an authority orer the temporal affairs should explain

should exclaim with Sydney Smith-Oh! don't tell me of the empire, paramount with his own; insomuch,

of facts, I never believe facts! But we feel assured, that as their displeasure was dreaded by every prince in

on the other hand, that Sir Walter would himself never Germany, so also, was their friendship eagerly courted,

have opposed a free enquiry into the supposed authorand that influence in many respects predominated over

ship of the novels in question, and so conclude with a the authoritative power of the Emperor. Memorably certain personage in · Hard Times' to banish as far as distinguished for this assumption of arrogance and

possible feelings, and retain-nothing but facts. audacity, was Meinwerk, bishop of Paderborn, of whom

Did we not know that Sir Walter Scott was a person an historian of the eleventh century asserts—there was

of the strictest integrity and uprightness, his position as no meanness to which he did not descend in order to

a gentleman and 'a Scotchman' would be, we conclude, enrich his dioceses; and, whenever the Emperor re

sufficient guarantee for his word : and if his word is to fused to grant him what he demanded, he forcibly pos

be believed, the case runs against him. His assurance sessed himself of the object of his desires or requirement.

to Rogers that he was not the author, is supported by a The Emperor being once on a visit to him, Meinwerk

statement still more corroborative, in Lockhart's Life. ordered all the ewes, then with young, which were to

Not having this volume at hand* we quote from a be found on his estates, to be killed, and a mantle made

transcript of the passage in Smith's Ramble in the of the skins of the unborn lambs, which he placed on

Streets of London :the sh vulders of Henry, on his return from the bath.

Towards midnight the Prince called for a bumper The Emperor, however, desired to have a better inantle, with all the honours to the Author of Waverley,' and or one more fitting to his princely person ; upon which, looked significantly as he was charging his own glass, to the bishop replied—I have stripped my poor bishopric, Scott. Scott seemed vomewhat puzzled for a moment, but its clergy, and its farmers who derived their livelihood instantly recovering himself, and filling his glass to the from their sheep, in order to clothe thee, and God will brim, said, “Your Royal Highness looks as if you thought chastise thee, if thou do not make good the loss. The I had some claim to the honour of this toast. I have no Emperor smiled, but shortly after bestowed upon him such pretensions, but shull take good care that the real the valuable estate of Stein.

• Vol. III, p. 343, to which the reader is referred, and Henry, having once sent to the bishop for his inspec- doubtless the admission acknowledged, that the Prince tion a costly vessel, Meinwerk caused it to be imme- Regent certainly checkmated his guest, the author of diately melted, and the metal converted into a cup, Waverley, Walter, my man, for ance.' which he consecrated on the altar. The Emperor 1 Our correspondent and others who imagine Scott not having reproached him with the theft, the bishop to have been the author of the Waverley Novels, are ceranswerel, I have been guilty of no theft, but have tainly in error. The writer for some years, commencing

f the books piously consecrated to the service of God, that which in 1820, was the forager in London for many of was dedicated to feast thy avarice and pride, and if

on witches and warlocks, and matters relative to Scottish

History, more particularly in reference to the Pretenders, thou darest to take away this offering of my piety, thou

which Scott required for his subsequent publications. These wilt ensure thy own damnation.

requirements were invariably made to the late Daniel Meinwerk, on another occasion, stole a costly robe Terry, and from him to the writer. A manuscript that out of the Emperor's chamber, and answered Henry's had been forwarded to Scott, was in part used in the censure of that act by saying - It is fitter that this Pirate. The writer who had no doubt as to the authorship garment should be retained in the temple of God, than of the Novels, jocularly hinted to Terry, Can I now have adorn thy mortal body: as for thy threats I despise them! any doubt as to the writer? He made no reply, and · Surly'

In something of the like spirit, the present head of was as deafly unconcerned as if not spoken to. The fact the Church at Rome conducts his, Scott enjoined secrecy to all of his associates, and they Mazzini last month, forwarded fifty pounds to a friend maintained his faith admirably, though attempts were frein that city, but it was seized at the post office, and

quently made to unkennel him, in a variety of ways; at length confession was forced upon him, and he admitted

que applied to the fund for raising a statue to the Immacu

himself to be the culprit. His previous assertions that he late Virgin!

was not the author,' are to be looked upon as so many Atheneum Club, April 2.

F. S. A.

* trading white lies,' and there are sufficient evidential

facts, that not only did he up to that point endeavour to LAFROWDA. I observe the query, but cannot throw maintain his anonymous character, but pseudonymes were light upon it, though I gave much attention to it when proposed, and only forborne on the advisedly steady reI was at St. Just.

G. C. GORHAM. monstrances of those persons upon whose better judgment Brampford Speke Vicarage, April 5.

he relied. Ed.


Simon Pure hears of the high compliment that has now

COINAGE OF EDWARD THE FIRST. been paid him. He then drank off his claret, and joined with a stentorian voice in the cheering, which the Prince

Much pleased with the suggestion of Mr. Haswell, himself timed.

I think that a perfect list of the Coins of Edward the The first of the Waverley Novels appeared in [1815,1|

First, is a great desideratum, and therefore add my the same year that the Lord of the Isles,' the author's

| mite to the number already before the public. last great poem, was given to the public. If it be in

LONDON deed the work of an anthor hitherto unknown,' so wrote 1. EDV R ANGLDNS HYB. Cross and large letthe critic in the Edinburgh Review, Mr. Scott would

ters, as no. 1. do well to look to his laurels.'

CIVI TAS DON LON The two syllables reversed. And let it be remembered, as a note worthy of fact, 2. Another, obv, similar to no. 1., no abbreviatory that even during the lifetime of Sir Walter, it was hinted, and believed by many, that his brother was the

YORK. 'real Simon Pure,' and not himself.

3. As no. 82. The cross formed by a pellet above In these hasty notes we have but strung together a and below the inner beaded circle. few facts that may be useful to any one who shall with 4. As no. 82. EDW. thus, but no cross on the King's time and opportunity take up the gauntlet for, or against

breast. On reverse, the quatrefoil differs from “the Wizard of the North.

T. H. Pattison.

the last by the shape of the leaves. The pellet


5. As no. 83. EDVV on obverse; on reverse, the In the recently published Memoirs of Mrs. Fitzher

leaves of the quatrefoil joined in the centre, with bert, by the Hon. Charles Langdale, it is stated she was a small line through the middle of each leaf. born July 26, 1756, and at the time of her second 6. As no. 80. but EDVV on the obverse. widowhood, was residing on Richmond Hill, when she

DUBLIN became the object of the Prince's attentions; and on the 7. As no. 93, but no mark on reverse over DNS authority of Lord Stourton, it was at this conjuncture

WATERFORD. that her beauty was celebrated in a popular song, in

8. As no. 99, excepting two dots below bust, and which allusion was thus made to the addresses of the

mark over DNS heir apparent :

Hartlepool, April 12.
I'd crowns resign to call her mine,

John E. Robson.
Sweet lass of Richmond-hill.
This was a flourish of fancy, though it obtained a gene- |

In addition to the list printed in Current Notes, pp. ral currency, and the song most ridiculously has been

15-17, the following varieties have also come under my attributed to the poetical capabilities of the Prince. A

notice. They are principally taken from coins which negative has been placed on the assertion by the claim

were found at Tutbury, and passed into the hands of of the grandson of the lady upon whom it appears to have

the late Mr. Wolston Roberts, of Derby. I must exbeen written. The writer it is said was Leonard

press my thanks to those gentlemen who have added to McNally, born September 27, 1752, and the song was

my previous list, but as noted by the editor, W.F.M.'s written by him in compliment to Miss Tanson, the daugh

list contains many of Edward the Second's pennies, an ter of Mr. William lanson, of Richmond-hill, Seybourne,

he. account of which I hope shortly to send to your valuable in Yorkshire; and who became the wife of McNally

publication. at St. George's, Hanover Square, on January 16, 1787.

Nottingham, April 15. F. R. N. HASWELL. Leonard McNally commenced as a dramatist with

LONDON. the comic opera, entitled, The Ruling Passion, performed

1. EDW R ANGL DNS HYB at Dublin in 1779. Eight other pieces by him were re

CIVITE LONDON presented at Covent Garden Theatre, from 1782 to 1786.

2. EDW R ANGL EX-DENS HYB Supposing him, upon his marriage, to have retired to

CIVITAS LONDON Dublin professionally, as a barrister-at-law, the music

3. EDW R: ANGL DNS HYB of the words of the Lass of Richmond Hill, was com

CIVITAS LONDON as no. 1. posed as those of a new song,' by James Hook, the 4. As no. 8, with English e on obverse. father of Dean Hook and the late Theodore Hook; and

5. As no. 2, but with only one dot or roundel on the sung by Incledon at Vauxhall, in June or July 1789,

breast. where it was most popularly received.

6. As no. 15, the s not reversed. Presuming Miss Ianson to have been the Lass of 7. Obv, as the last but on reverse CIVITAS LVNDON Richmond #ill;' Mrs. McNally died in Dominick

CANTERBURY. Street, Dublin, in September, 1795 ; and Mr. McNally's 8. As no. 32, but with Roman o's. marriage with Miss Louisa Edgeworth, daughter of the 9. As no. 32; with EDVV not Edw then deceased Rev. Robert Edgeworth, of Issaid, in the county of Longford, took place in April 1800.

P. 24, col. 2, line 18 from bottom, read Edward I.


With much truth it may be observed, the ancient 10. As no. 40, but with brooch on the breast.

crosses, still so numerous in the western part of Corn11. As no. 40, but with Roman c's.

wall, have been hitherto generally neglected by the anST. EDMUNDSBURY.

tiquary; while, from having been formed of the enduring 12. DW R'ANGL DNS HYB

granite, many are almost as perfect now as when they ROBE RTDE HADE LEIE

were first placed on their respective sites. It is possible 13. As no. 60. On reverse, the RO DE and dE in they may have been equally numerous in other parts of HADELEIE united as dipthongs.

the county, but the gradual occupation of the waste 14. As no. 64. The English e on oby, and reverse.

lands has caused their almost entire extinction. Some

of them have been used as building materials, which has EXETER.

been the case more generally of late years. Many have 15. EDW R ANGL DNS AB No star on breast.

undergone mutilation by ignorant or mischievous perCIVITAS EXONIE Small letters, as no. 67.

sons, and in this neighbourhood, the mutilated parts of KINGSTON-UPON-HULL.

many may be seen built into hedges. 16. As no. 68. Rev. VIL KYNG ESTON

Adopted in the early ages by the Christians as an NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE.

emblem of their faith, the Cross is believed to have been 17. As no. 73, but with English €.

introduced with Christianity into Britain so early as the 18. As no. 74, but on reverse a pellet or roundel at year 60. Constantine the Great, having in 311 emend of each limb of the cross.

braced the Christian religion, is said to have set up READING.

in many places the Cross as a symbol, and became sole 19. EDW R ANGL' DNS HYB

master of the Roman Empire in 323. The taunts of the VIL LAR ADI NGY An escallop shell in the people becoming, however, offensive to him, he in 330, first quarter below vil. Three pellets in the rest. quitted Rome for Byzantium, and named the city ConThe arms of the Abbey of Reading, founded by King

stantinople. The conversion of the Irish is said to have Henry the First, who was buried here in 1133, and also bis

followed the landing of St. Patrick in Ireland in 432; daughter Maud; were azure, three escalops or. The es

and so rapid was the promulgation of the doctrine of calop is therefore the abbatial mark on the pennies struck

the Cross, that in 490, Ireland was named the Isle of in the time of the Abbot Robert de Burghare, who resigned Saints. Cornwall, it is stated, received its first missionin 1287.

aries from Ireland, and it is not improbable that some of YORK.

the crosses yet remaining, were set up in this district so 20. As no. 84. English € on the reverse only. early as the sixth century. The Cornish Britons conDUBLIN.

tinued separately distinct from the Saxons, to the period 21. As no. 94. On obverse, a low placed dot before

of the Conquest, when their lands were appropriated by EDW and on the reverse the English €.

the Norman chiefs; and it is probable that the public

monuments remained undisturbed and unprofaned until WATERFORD.

later times, when frequent changes occurred in the pro22. EDW R' ANGL DNS BYB? Below the bust are prietary of the soil. two dots, the letters small.

The Knights of St. John, an order instituted in 1099, CIVITAS WATERFOR' Letters larger than on bore a cross, black upon white. Hugh de Payens, the obverse.

first Superior of the Knights' Templars, visited England in 1128, when many grants of land in Cornwall were

made to that fraternity, and the symbol of martyrdom, ANCIENT CROSSES IN WEST OF CORNWALL.

the blood-red cross, of the same form as that worn by The recent publication of Mr. J. T. Blight's highly the order of St. John, was granted to the Templars, by illustrated volume on the Greek, Transition, Latin and Pope Eugenius III., at Paris in 1146, on the commenceGothic Crosses ; with the Celtic, Druidical, and Roman ment of the second Crusade. Both Orders held lands remains in the West of Cornwall, is one of those plea in Cornwall, and the peculiar form of their cross, which surable books which ever and anon brighten the path of occurs in some few instances in the county, may possibly the antiquary and the archæologist. Drawn from the | have been introduced by them. immediate objects as still seen, and engraved by the Crosses were used from an early period of the Chrissame artist, the illustrations are entitled to the highest tian era, to the time of the Reformation, and their style commendation for their graphic resemblance to the ori. varied in accordance with the different periods, from the ginals, and are singularly valuable in aiding the refer- | most simple or even rude forms, to others more chaste ence of writers on these subjects. There are eighty and elegant. The Latin form of the cross continued in pictorial representations, and in several, the positions of Western Europe until 1050, when began the schism bethe objects as placed by the roadside or otherwise, are tween the Latin and Greek churches, and during this admirably pourtrayed, and opportunely recalling the ob- contention, the Greek crosses in this neighbourhood are ject to the remembrance of the traveller in days which generally supposed to owe their introduction. have past.

Crosses served sometimes to denote a place of sepul1051.

ture, or to mark the resting places of the corpse on the

pse on the

EXCHEQUER PAYMENTS WITHOUT ACCOUNT, way to its interment. The churchyard crosses were not

From March 25, 1721, to March 25, 1725, inclusive. always monumental, for occasionally one was placed

(Printed from the original record.) near the south or chief entrance to the church, sugges

To Thomas Lowther, Gent., as a Gift from His Mative of due preparation previously to entering the sacred lic building. Occasionally congregations were addressed

jesty, towards building the parish church of St. Martins. by the priest, and proclainations made from such crosses.

[Dr. Willis, Bishop of Salisbury and Lord Almoner, on The crosses set up in market places had much the same he

the same bebalf of His Majesty, laid the first stone in the foundation purposes; from these, proclamations of war or peace, or of the parish church of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, March any other matter of general interest were made known | 19, 1721-2; and presented the workmen with one hundred in purport to the people generally. The view of one, as guineas from His Majesty. To this donation, the record it formerly stood in the market place at Penzance is appears to refer). here shewn.

To John Tooker, for Arthur Collins Compiler of the Peerage).

2001. To Dr. James Douglas, for his performance, and towards publishing his Anatomical Observations. 5001.

[Dr. Douglas will be long held in remembrance from the extraordinary number of the editions of Horace which he collected].

To Dr. Thomas Renton, for making known his Art, Skill and Mystery in curing Ruptures. 50001.

Tu Sir Richard Steele, as of Royal Bounty. 5001.

[He was also restored to the office of Comptroller of the Theatre Royal, May 18, 1721].

To Philip Dormer Stanhope, commonly called Lord Stanhope, in lieu of a Jewel.

5001. His father James Stanhope, married Feb. 24, 1713, Lucy, daughter of Governor Pitt, memorable for having

given name as the possessor, to the great Diamond among Crosses on the highways served as prayer-stations,

the Crown Jewels of France. Philip Dormer Stanhope was and as indices or guide-posts to the different baptistries,

born in 1714; and the father created Earl of Stanhope, oratories, or other religious foundations : many of them

April 14, 1718. The Earl died Feb. 4, 1721, and by the

| King's command had a military funeral. This gift of were of great public utility, being erected on dreary

Jewel, to the second Earl, then so young, appears to have moors, where there were no other indications to direct

been in consideration of his father's services]. the sojourner on his way. At these stations, the rich traveller often deposited alms for the succour of the poor

To Charles Maitland, Surgeon, for inoculating Prince or distressed wayfarer who might follow him,

Frederick [father of King George III.), for the small Many crosses still stand near the sites of churches or pox.

10001. chapels which have long since been destroyed, and of

To Zachary Pearce, Vicar of St. Martins, as of Royal which no other vestiges remain. All these varieties and

| Bounty, to erect an Organ there.

15001. their peculiarities, are severally graphically defined, and To Thomas Lowther, Gent, for His Majesty's Ser. in reference to the divisions which have been adopted,


43,0001. that is, the Greek, the Transition, and the Latin Crosses,

| To Sir Joseph Eyles, Knt., for the Young Princesses. the author observes, these are in many instances not free

79,0001. from objection, and must of course be to some extent

To the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and others, for arbitrary ; since several which have a Greek cross on

the repair of Westminster Abbey.

24,0001. one face, have a Latin or Transition cross on the other ; |

To Colonel Jasper Clayton, for inspecting the demoand many which now have four equal parts, like the

lition of Dunkirk.

4821. Greek cross, have evidently been broken off from the

To Christopher Tilson, to answer the value of Pictures, elongated shaft of the Latin : sonie indulgence is there

bought by His Majesty, of John Laws, Esq. fore solicited for the attempt at identification.

42151. 178. 6d. (Qu. Was this Christopher Tilson, the younger brother

of Henry Tilson ? See Walpole's Painters, edit. 1827, vol. • The cross, in height five feet, and in breadth two feet III., p. 205. The pictures appear to have been purchased three inches, was moved in 1829 from the centre of the of the memorable originator of the Missisippi Scheme in market-place. The following inscription

France ; dismissed by the Regent, to appease the clamour HIC PROCVMBVNT CORPORA PIORVM;

of the multitudes his projects had ruined, he returned to was then found near the base, on the reverse side.

England, Oct. 2, 1721; and on Nov. 28, pleaded at the

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »