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MIDDLESEX ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION.

EULOGIUM ON ENGLISI VALOUR. On the 26th ult., the London and Middlesex Archæo-1 The following lines are from England, a Poem, by R. logical Society held their second evening meeting in White, Esq., of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, recently printed Mr. Gambart's French Gallery, No. 121, Pall Mall. in that't

all. in that town for distribution among the Author's friends : The meeting was numerously attender, and the papers read were of considerable interest. The Society, from

Full throbs mine ardent breast to learn, the already printed long list of names of Members of

That in each sea throughout the world, wealth, position and worth, men of probity and

Surrounding nations may discern talent in their several pursuits, will from the constant

Aloft thy naval flag unfurld. accession of applications and elections soon be a Legion,

So while above the ocean wide and outnumber several existing institutions. One thing

Thou dost maintain supreme command,

Thy meanest son has cause of pride that greatly added to the refinements of the asseinbly, was the unusually large number of ladies, who were

That he was born in such a land ! introduced by the members; these appeared in the Thy blood within thy people's veins evening costume of the better class of society, and

Their ancient warlike lineage shows, their elegance and gayness of colours refreshened the Which all its former force retains, sombre, quiet and unobtrusive garb of Antiquaries,

And with renewing freshness flows; Architects, Clergy, and men of Science. After the Brave is the tide as when of old reading of the papers was concluded, an entertainment

It urged to flight the arrowy show'r to the ladies followed, and the evening seemed passed in

That with effect so deadly told full enjoyment by every one present.

At Cressy and at Agincourt. Some sober calculators mooted among themselves

The battles which at sea were won how this entertainment was provided ? because the

With Nelson, let our annals tell; annual contribution of Ten shillings, by each member,

And those on land with Wellington is not likely in the present undefined position of the

Re-echo to thy praise as well. Society, to go far in this matter; the Society are yet

On Alma's heights who led the van? without any certified or established place of meeting;

Or nobler still, what battle field nor is it clearly understood whether the papers and

May vie with that of Inkerman, communications of the Members are to be printed or

Where British valour last was seal'd ? not. Let these questions be determined, and many more adherents will be found. The introduction of

Thy dauntless sons this spirit nerves ladies by the members will unquestionably add much

All rude aggression to withstand, to the popularity of these meetings, and conduce greatly

And hence thy name their zeal preserves to the appearance and elegance of the purposes of the

Inviolate on sea or land. Society ; but then, some consideration must be shewn

Thy standard floats triumphantly to the lady visitors, by the adding or appending

O'er climes that earliest hail the light; translations of quotations by the learned reailers

And regions homage pay to thee of papers. The reverend author of a paper on the early

Where latest fail the shades of night. British History before the landing of Julius Cæsar, finished the rounding of many of his paragraphs by LAFROWDA. What is the meaning of this ancient quoting the language of the monkish writers, and appellation of St. Just, in Cornwall ?° When was the reciting in their Latin, the facts as he found them re alteration in the names made, and are there any other lated by the historians long ages since numbered with instances of similar changes in this county? W. the dead. These passages were beyond construing by the novel or story-reading of some of the gaily dressed evening associates of the members of this Society, and

TO CORRESPONDENTS. several were observed, to bow their heads and smile to The articles, Prince Charles's Passage through one another, at the recital of so much heathen Greek Leicester, 1604; Oxfordshire Historical Memoranda ; to them. To be understood by all, translations must the Corbel in Brechin Cathedral; and Memoir of the follow, or many will leave the assembly as wise as they late Dr. W. H. Scott, of Edinburgh, will appear in our came, or at best only half informed.

next number.

EPITAPH ON A PHYSICIAN.
Hâc sub humo, per quem tot jacuêre, jacet.
Which may be thus translated —

A grave for him is here provided,
Thro' whom so many of us lie dead.

The Fifth volume of Current Notes, with Index, in extra cloth boards, uniform with the prior volumes, may now be had, price TAREE SHILLINGS.

Subscribers are respectfully reminded that their subscriptions for the forthcoming twelve months which are now due, can be forwarded in Postage Stamps.

No. LXIV.)

“Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[APRIL, 1856.

PRINCE CHARLES'S SOJOURN AT LEICESTER. trumpeters. The Prince remained until after dinner on In 1604, Charles, Duke of York, subsequently the

Friday, and then departed for Dingley. unfortunate King Charles the First; then a puny evinced the disposition to make the most of their

As on former occasions the attendants on royalty unhealthy child of four years of age, was brought to opportunity, without respect to the rights of property, London from Scotland in the care of Lord Fyvie, afterwards Earl of Dunfermline. On his way hither, he

for these manuscripts record that after their departure passed through Leicester, and the borough manuscripts

the Corporation had to pay " for certain Flanders fruit record the following notices of his entertainment by the

dishes, which with divers sorts of banquetting dishes were town authorities.

sent to the Duke, but of which fruit dishes some of The first is a letter addressed to the Right Worshipful

them were broken,* and the rest carried away by the the Mayor, or in his absence to the Aldermen of the

Duke's officers and followers." A portion of the

pewter and linen that had been borrowed for the Duke's same.

use was also abstracted by the royal attendants, of Sr.-I ame to advertis you that on Wednesday the xyth whom Scott, (Fortunes of Nigel,) quoting from the of this instant, Duke Charles, the King's Mats, second proclamations of the period, terms them “a beggarly sonne, wth my Lo: of ffy vie, Lo: Prsedent of the Sessions rabble,” and “ an importunate crowd of disrespectful in Skottland, who hath charge of his Grace, entendeth to suitors." Some one with singular audacity actually bee at Lecester, whear thaye mean to rest Thursday all stole one of the holsters belonging to the Recorder's bed'? day, and on Friday after dinner to goe forwards on their

Leicester, April 9.

William KELLY. jornye, ffor wch cause theise are in bis Mats, name to require you to make choyce of a sufficient house for the

* To many persons this extract from the borough records lodyine of the Dukes Grace wth the Lo: Predent, whear

ent, whear | will afford much to interest them. The garniture for the ther must be xij bedds, with all nessicaries for a kytchine,

boutfet and the table in England, was at this period, for and yt their bee iij hogsheads of beare layed in the same the most part silver and pewter; gold and glass rarely, and house, for the wch you shall have satisfaction ; for pewter both more for ornament than use. The richly embossed and lininge, llinen) his Grace must bee furnished wih from cream coloured ware, dishes and plates, with perforated you ; before his cominge their sbalbee one sent for the borders, erroneously termed by most dealers, “ Elizabethan makinge of p'vision, vnto whom I would, if hee find it ned-ware," have no reference to that period; the English made ful, he maye have your assistance. Thus, not doutinge pottery of that time, being black earthenware pots, in of yor care herein, I byd you hartelie fare well,

general use at ale houses, and commonly in domestic use

the red earthen pots, with a partial green glaze are Yor lovinge ftrend,

ascribed to an earlier date. Oriental porcelain was then John CRANE.

rarely to be found even on the tables of royalty--the ffrom Worsop, the ix of August, 1604.

deficiency was made up by importations from the continent, The Mayor immediately despatched a messenger to

and the coarse stone bottle ware of Cologne; with the Sir William Skipwith, to procure the use of his town

coarsely glazed dishes of Flanders, now more generally

designated Delft ware, were brought into requisition, mansion for the Prince and his train, which

hence the appellation before inade of “ Flanders fruit being obtained, in accordance with long customary dishes." By others, whose discernment has shown them arrangements, the walls of the rooms were decorated

the embossed ware is really not so early as the time of with green boughs, and the floors strewed with rushes Elizabeth ; it is asserted tbat they were manufactured at and green leaves, for perfume and coolness during the Stratford-le-Bow, in the reign of Anne, and hence warm weather. Pewter and linen were borrowed, and obtained the distinction of Queen's ware.” This bedding and furniture were moved to Sir Thomas Skip assertion is, however, as vague as the former, they are with's house, from the Recorder's chamber at the from the Staffordshire potteries, some of it, early in the Town-Hall.

last century; and the characteristics of the earlier fabric The Prince arriveX on Wednesday the 15th, and

will be perceptible by the dark coarse colour of the clay. during his stay, the Corporation presented to him and

It was not till the aspiring energy of Josiah Wedgwood, so his retinue a banquet, or as we should now term it a

far improved the fineness and colour of this cream coloured

manufacture that soon after her marriage he obtained the dessert, with several gallons of sack and other wines

patronage of Queen Charlotte, when in compliment to her and a sugar-loaf. Rhenish and claret wine was presented

he named it “ Queen's ware," and multiplied an infinity of to Mr. Grimes, who had the charge of the king's articles in pottery of all denominations, forms and sizes, for horses, and twenty shillings were given to the King's the most part impressed with his name.-ED.

VOL. VI.

F

OXFORDSHIRE HISTORICAL MEMORANDA.

the Realme, at the charges of the said County. The A correspondent (G. H. Barnett, Esq.) having kindly

Privy Council suggested the assessments to be thusforwarded some original papers pertaining to the manor the Cytie of Oxford may well beare one hundred pounds; of Glympton, for selection of memorandă for “ Current Henley, sixtie pounds; Banburie, fortie pounds ; ChipNotes," the following extracts have been considered as pinge Norton, thirtie pounds ; Burford, fortie pounds ; affording some interest.

Woodstocke, twentie pounds, and the residue to be asThe first, an autograph letter of Sir John Sedley, Knt. sessed upon the rest of the County, according to their and Bart., sheriff of Kent, 1621. He married Elizabeth, I judgment. only daughter and at length heir of Sir Henry Savile, / The following relates to the mischiefs caused by the Knt.. Provost of Eton College. The letter addressed conflicting powers of commanders among the Royalists. to Mr. Wheat, relates to the Sedley property in Glymp

Diuers complaints have been this day made, amongst ton, and to an annuity on Mrs. Pollard's life, the parti

others one by Mr. Wheat of this county, that the carts culars of which Sir John Lentall knoweth punctually.

bringing in prorisions of corne and other victualls for the

mayntenance of the Garrison here, at Oxford, are taken for He adds —

other imployments, contrary to the King's express agreeYour seruaunt can giue you some notice of my howse att

ment and proclamation. The cart-takers and otbers who it Aylesford* which is the only commod yous seate in England;

concerneth, are desired to take this into their consideration, and I am very willinge to sell itt : if a wiseman, whoe is

and what preiudice this may bring to the King's most imnot very auaritious vew it: I knowe he will have it. Thus

portune service at this time and in this place. commendinge my best respects onto you, I rest your very y best respects into you, I rest your very | April 17, 1644.

Ro. HEATH. louinge frende,

JOHN SEDLEY.

The signature is that of Sir Robert Heath, Chief This 14 Nou: Anno doi. 1633.

| Justice, K.B., then attending upon the King. He died Charles the First, in May, 1634, issued writs to the in 1649

in 1649. ports and maritime counties, for the providing a fleet for

As might be supposed, the provisions and forage for maintaining the sovereignty of the Narrow Seas. This

cas: his the army would greatly impoverish the county, so, in affair of the ship-money was the commencement of the the following paper, the parishes of Glympton and KidKing's troubles; and the writs, in 1635, were enlarged dington declare their inability to comply with the requi. and extended to the inland as well as the maritime

sition made on them. counties. These created a general disgust, and were

To ye Chiefe Comander of his Maties Forces at Godstow. everywhere opposed, although the entire sum purposed

Whereas we hane receiued a Warrant this present Monto be levied by these writs amounted but to 236,0001. da

day from the High Constable of Wootton Hundred ; These The following is the substance of the paper addressed to are to lett you vnderstand that since the 28th of May last the Sheriff of Oxford :

we have been so ouerburdened with his Maties forces of Instructions from the Privy Council to the High horse and dragoons vnder the Comand of Prince Maurice, Sheriff of Oxford, dated from Whitehall ye 12th of the Lord Cleeueland, the Lord Wayntworth ; and last the August, 1635; requiring him, the Mayor, and Head | Lord Wilmott and the Lord Wayntworth, our charges being officers of the Corporate Towns in Oxfordshire to assess 80 great for theyr entertainment, that we are vtterly disthemselves for the raising of 35001., the charges for abled to prouide Sustenance for our poore families, except we providing a ship of 350 tons, to be furnished with men, may haue reliefe from some neighbouring towns which have munitions, tackle, victual, and other requisites to be set

not quartered att this time; besides our store of wheate and forth for the safeguard of the Seas and the defence of mault, which shaulde haue kepte our houses till haruest,

they have spent and wasted vpon theyr horses and carried * The Sedley family were seated at Aylesford, in Kent. away : and imediately vpon theyr departure came the parSir William Sedley, of the Friars in Aylesford, 'Knt., was liament forces who swept the remainder. Wherefore, We created a baronet, May 22, 1611. He purchased from Sir do most earnestly request that we may be freed and exJohn Gerrard, Knt., Lord Mayor of London, 1601, the manor cused from the Charge imposed upon vs by this Warrant, of Southfleet; hence his son, Sir John, on inheriting both and so soone as God shall enable vs, we shalbe ready and houses, was desirous of disposing of the latter. He was, willing to do the best we can for the supplieing of his however, unsuccessful, as Sir Charles Sedley, his son, was maties souldiers. born at Aylesford in 1639. He married Catharine, daugh- A receipt, dated June 5, 1657, acknowledges twenty ter of John Earl Rivers, and from this marriage was an shillings having been paid by William Wheate, Esq. for only daughter, Catharine, who became the mistress of King a license for retailing wines in the parish of Glympton, James the Second, eternised in Dr. Johnson's maledictory in the Hundred of Woodstock. The rent for this license line

was for the half year ending Dec. 25, 1656. The yearly And Sedley cursed the form that pleased a King.

| license was charged at forty shillings, receiveable by Sir Charles Sedley, the dramatist and wit, died August 20, the agents for granting wine licenses, for the use of his 1701, when the title of Aylesford and Southfleet became | Highness and the Common Wealth. extinct. Sir John Sidley, or Sedley, died August 13, 1638, pro

Tobacco during the time of the Commonwealth was, bably at Southfleet. The baptismal register at Aylesford

| under a certain penalty, allowed to be grown in Engdates only from 1653.

land, but at length was interdicted; the prohibition continued after the restoration, but the mandates against its culture appear to have fulminated with but little CHARLES THE FIRST AT CARISBROOKE CASTLE. effect, and the following Order from the Privy Council, Some years since I sketched the window within the addressed To our very loveing ffreind ye High Sheriffe ruins of Carisbrooke Castle, from which the King in of ye County of Oxford; will possibly be perused with | 1648, vainly attempted to escape ; and forward it as an some interest.

illustration, with some references to contemporaries reAfter our hearty Comendacons, His Malie being wearied specting that event. with continuated Complaints, That notwithstanding the Sir Thomas Herbert simply mentions that the King, frequent Directions and Comands of this Board from time from some aggravations, designed an escape, horses to time (amongst others) to the Sheriffe of the County of being provided near the castle, and a vessel made ready Oxford requiring their care and industry in the destroying for his transportation, but by a corrupted corporal in the all the Plantucons of Tobacco in their respective Counties garrison took not effect. * Ashburnham appears to have (which are soe strictly grounded upon the Act of Parlia- suggested the King's escapement, if he would engage ment, prohibiting the Planting, setting or sowing of To some person to assist him out of the castle to the waterbacco in England, and his Maties proclamations) yet by re- side, where a boat would be ready to receive him; with newed Informacāns, cannot but observe his Clemency horses at Netley Park, to convey him to the place, where abused, and the stubbourne Spirits of non-conformists im

a ship was provided to carry him off.f Ashburnham proved, And that contrary to his Royal Comands they con. | states the fact, that the King, by putting his head fortinue in digging up new grounds, and the people resolved to persist in their disobedience of planting this yeare ;

ward, instead of sideway, through the bars of the winwhich upon deliberate Consultacõn evidently appeares will tend to the great prejudice of his Muties fforraigne planta. tions and customes, and hindrance of the Navigation of this Kingdome. Of which insolence and contempt his Matie is very sensible ; And therefore hath Comanded us to will and require you the now Sheriffe of the County of Oxford,

sel

and ON
M

ONEDE REUSES
That forth with without any manner of Connivance or
favour to any person whatsoever, you cause all such To-
bacco soe planted, sett, sowen, curing or cured, within the
said County of Oxford to be burnt, plucked up, and utterly
destroyed, according as by the said Act, his Maties procla-
mation, and our former Letters is enioyned; And we doe
also require and authorize you, and hereby Comand you to
be ayding and assisting to Clement Dowle, Esq., Collector

dow (shewn in the vignette), mistook the way of meaof bis Malies Customes in the port of Gloucester, and to

sure, according to the rule, that where the head can such other person or persons as hee shall thinke fitt to im- pass the body may; by which error, when he attempted ploy in the destroying of such Tobacco in that County, ac to pass, he stuck fast; and being in great extremity, he, cording to the tenor of our Comission to him given in that

with long and painful struggles, got back again without behalfe, And so not doubting of your more than ordinary

| notice by any man, but him who waited to attend him, Care herein, Wee bid you farewell.

had he, by means of the window, lowered himself down. From the Court at Whitehall the 20th of June 1666. Clarendon, in his manuscripts, has two relations, one in Your very loving ffriends,

accordance with the preceding, which was suppressed in all editions of his “ History of the Rebellion," prior to 1826; the other is a totally different version ; that the King had a file and a saw to enlarge the aperture for bis escape, which he laboured to effect; but on resolving to go forth, discovered more persons than he suspected were privy to his purpose, and so shut the window and retired to his apartment. Clarendon here

affecting to treat the King's being “stuck fast " in the OSSORY MANCHESTER BATHE

window as a mere fiction I
CARLISLE
ARLINGTON
CRAVEN

Among the letters between Colonel Hammond and the MIDDLETON FITZHARDING H. LONDON Committee at Derby House, one dated April 6, 1648, G. CARTERETWILL. MORICE Jo. BERKELEY

refers particularly to the King's attempt about a fortW. COVENTRYE

RICHARD BROWNE. I night before, and that his breast was so big the bar This interesting autograph document has also a per- would not give him passage ;' and that aqua fortis had fect impression of the Sigill. Privi Con : the seal was been sent from London to assist the King in moving a engraved by Tuomas Simon, whose memorable Petition bar as an obstacle. Another letter, dated April 15, deCrown, will ever perpetuate his name. Sir Richard Browne, Clerk of the Privy Council, was

* Memoirs, edit. 1815, 8vo. p. 115.

+ Narrative, vol. ii. pp. 124-126. the father-in-law of John Evelyn.

Hist. of the Rebellion. Oxford, 1704, fol. vol. iii. p. 179.

[graphic]

Clarendor

tails the King's purposes with the aqua fortis ; but by said in his praise, when he received continental letters another, dated April 22, it is stated the aqua fortis had from persons usually considered as competent authorities, been spilled by the way, by accident, but that a saw, consulting him on abstruse points in oriental language for the royal use, had been taken from a plain fat man or history, his diffidence was manifest, and his besitaabout four o'clock on the preceding day. The time as tion unequivocal; he was wanting in the presumption signed for the King's escape was May-day at night, but to direct or inform men so much older than himself; sooner if opportunity served.

these were with him difficulties, not easily overcome, Charles remained at Carisbrooke till December the while on all occasions, the results of his erudition first, in that year, when, by order of the army under were, when asked for, freely at the service of his Fairfax, he was taken to Hurst Castle, in Hampshire. friends, and invariably advanced by him in the gentlest Penzance, April 10.

HENRY WILLIAMS. | and kindest manner-qualities which never failed him,

even in any of the more depressing vicissitudes of health.

As a Numismatist, Dr. Scott's character will be THE LATE W. A. SCOTT, M.D., EDINBURGI.

better understood, by the following enconium from his Numismatic Science and its followers have sustained valued friend, Mr. Lindsay, so well known to the numisan irreparable loss in the late William Henry Scott, matic world. M.D., who died at Edinburgh, much lamented, on the “ To exhibit a proper estimate of the acquisitions and fourth of October last, in his twenty-fourth year. It powers of my lamented friend in the definement of is difficult to imagine, how it was possible, in so short a either science, Numismatology, or Archæology, would life, to acquire so varied an amount of knowledge, as require far greater abilities than I possess, and a far Dr. Scott possessed; but his mind from his earliest more extensive acquaintance with the subjects so ably years was directed to historical and philological re- | discussed by him. In the several branches of numissearches, which his never failing memory enabled him, matic lore which relate to the British Islands, or to the whenever it was required, to embody and utilize with continent of Europe, we have many eminent writers, undeviating accuracy. His earliest perception of the sufficiently able and conversant to describe the coinages use of Coins in verifying history, and tracing the pro- of their respective countries; and to appreciate the gress of society, was perseveringly followed amid all the researches of their brother mumismatists; but Dr. Scott delays and interruptions of impaired health and a toil- had this singular merit, not only was he intimately some course of education, to which a sense of duty acquainted with these ordinary facts; but he aimed at alone induced him to adhere; but when free to exercise far more important objects, and his general success was his great acquirements, he combined them with sur- such as to excite the admiration and approval of those prising adroitness in furtherance of a design, to which who had themselves laboured in the embarrassments he had proposed to devote his life had Providence per- attending researches into the ancient coinages of Central mitted it, by granting him time, but of this, he always | Asia. spoke doubtfully, and with exemplary resignation.

A wide field for the students of archæology has been Having decyphered thirty or more languages, with presented in little more than twenty years by the no other aid, than that derived from books, which he labours and observations of Colonel Tod, Dr. Honigberger, had collected with much acumen and sagacity; his Sir Alexander Burnes, Mr. Masson, and the French purpose was to compare all the alphabets of ancient generals Allard and Ventura, in the northern provinces and modern times, and as far as possible, the languages, of India; and in the more western parts of Asia, by the remains of numismatic art and other records, with Messrs. Layard, Botta, Rich, Major Rawlinson, and the general history of the world as deduced from a widely others, but the majority of those persons being deficient extended course of inferential reasoning based on known in the knowledge or taste, constituting the indispensable facts; nor is there any cause to doubt, that from his requirements of a numismatist, their progress has been rapid powers of calculation and combination, he would unsatisfactory and barren of results, yet, here it was, have fully accomplished his self innposed task. Much that the great talents of Dr. Scott, shone forth, and his of the partly arranged material remains, though fre- zeal for his favourite study enabled him to take the quently retarded by enervating sickness, but the master | lead, while his acquirements in the ancient and for the spirit that had conceived the glorious plan is no longer most part dead languages of Asia, withdrew as it were a dweller on the earth.

the veil that enshrouded the prospect we had so long A member of the Royal Asiatic Society of France, and so ardently desired to explore; unhappily, notwithand of other learned societies abroad and at home, he standing what he had achieved, much remains to be maintained an interesting and instructive correspondence elucidated and explained, and while grateful for the with savans of many countries, most of whom were light with which the splendour of his researches has personally unknown to him, but whose invariable kind- enriched us, his premature death leaves a hiatus which ness made him feel a sincere confidence in their asso- it is feared will long remain unsupplied. ciation and friendship; among these his unseen and kind I feel a degree of pleasure in directing the reader's correspondents in Ireland, Mr. Lindsay and Mr. Saint- attention to a slight abstract of what this highly hill were ever near his heart. One thing may fairly be talented writer has done for the advancement of numis

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