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defender, expresses the apprehension of an immediate taken on the subject was produced. The success of the assault by the roundheads; the enemy's horse being experiment has not, unfortunately, answered the expec“ drawn up in the parke, and many of their foote with tations of the public, while the mistakes arising from roasemary in theire hattes."

the slight difference in size between it and the balfOne of the marks for the archers in Finsbury Fields, crown leads to continual dissatisfaction. Few persons was named the Rosemary Branch ; and in an old map the | are aware of the varied patterns which were made in the position is represented as a tree, inscribed Ros' Bra'ch, hope of gratifying the desire of making a handsome coin, but in 1737, here was a hostelry, called the Rosemary but the collection of choice patterns and rare coins, of Branch, or Nevil's House. It was long celebrated as a Mr. Chaffers, 20, Old Bond Street, * has enabled the place of public entertainment, but at length having be- writer to enumerate the following varietiescome part of Walker's lead-works, a new Rosemary | Obv. the Queen's head, crowned, to the left. VICTORIA Branch was in 1783, erected just beyond the former, at Regina, 1848. Reverse, an oak wreath, the prong of the junction of the parishes of Shoreditch and Islington.

| a trident, from the early coins of Greece, placed within. W. Hylton Dyer LONGSTAFFE, F.S.A. ONE DECADE. Above the wreath, 100 MILLES. Beiow Gateshead, Jan. 4.

the wreath, ONE-TENTH OF A POUND, as shewn in the

woodcut. In your Current Notes, for December, you have

COOLILLA treated your readers with a specimen of Belfry Poetry: similar may be found in many belfries. Allow me to send you a copy from a tower in Cornwall. Perhaps

ONE some of your readers will be able to multiply other

DECADE variations of Belfry Poetry.

H. T. ELLACOMBE. Rectory, Clyst St. George, Jan. 17.

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Let awful silence first proclaimed be,
And Praise unto the Holy Trinity ;
Then Honour give unto our noble King,
So with a blessing let us raise this ring.
Hark how the chirping treble sings most clear,
And covering Tom comes rowling in the rear;
And now the bells are up, come let us see,
What laws are best to keep sobriety.
Who swears, or curses, or in choleric mood,
Quarrels, or strikes, although he draw no blood;
Who wears his hat, or spur, or o'erturns a bell,
Or, by unskilful handling, mars a peal ;
Let him pay sixpence for each single crime,
'Twill make him cautious 'gainst another time;
But if the sexton's fault an hind'rance be,
We call from him a double penalty.
If any should our Parson disrespect,
Or Warden's orders any time neglect,
Let him be always held in full disgrace,
And ever more be banished this place;
So when the bells are ceased, then let us sing,
God bless the Church-God save the King.

Obv. the same. Reverse, the same, but in place of One Decade, are the words ONE CENTUM.

Obv. the same. Reverse, within the wreath, ONE FLORIN, and below it, ONE-TENTH OF A POUND.

Obv. the Queen's head, to the left, a riband binds the hair, VICTORIA REGINA; 1848 below the head. Rev. the field, within a quatrefoil, occupied by a shapeless V. R. conjoined, the Shamrock, Rose, and Thistle, in the three upper quarters; the Prince's plume in the lower compartment. The legend, ONE CENTUM. ONE-TENTI OF A POUND, as shewn in the woodcut.

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Obv. the same. Reverse the same, but in place of Though the want of a coin of a value between the One Centum, are the words ONE DECADE. shilling and half-crown had long been felt, it is only Obv. the same. Reverse the same, but the legend within the last few years that it was determined to sup- is, ONE FLORIN; and below, ONE TENTH OF A POUND. ply it. It was considered also a favourable opportunity – for an attempt at the introduction of a decimal system

•The recently published Catalogue by Mr. Chaffers, will of coinage. In the present case considerable trouble was be found deserving the attention of every numismatist, or taken and many trials even made before one suitable to family, in which coins are as acquisitions, considered matters the taste of the exalted individuals whose pleasure is of taste or recreation.

Obv. the same. Reverse, the same; the legend

STRUTT'S QUEEN-100 HALL. ONE FLORIN; and below, are the words Two SHILL SOME years since, I purchased of the author's son a LINGS.

printed copy of “ Queen-Hoo Hall,” by the late Joseph Obv. a third variety, the Queen's Head, laureated, the

Strutt, containing manuscript memoranda by him, which, legend is the same. Rev. four shields crowned, charged with the arms of England, in the first and third ; Scotland that emance prior to its being printa

that romance, prior to its being printed, was submitted and Ireland in the second and fourth; a double rose in to Mr., subsequently Sir Walter Scott, who retained it the centre. On the left of each shield are the Rose,

a long time. In that writer's “ Waverley” Mr. Strutt Thistle, and Shamrock. The upper legend, ONE DIME;

junior, accuses Sir Walter of taking facts and hints in the lower, ONE TENTH OF A POUND; as represented

from his parent's work. He also states the story of in the woodcut.

the illuminator in Queen-Hoo Hall, is a memoir of his father, the author of so many popular works in elucidation of English antiquities.

These four volumes, printed at Edinburgh, in 1808, I presented to my friend and patron, Mr. John Broadley, whose very fine and choice library was, after his decease, sold by auction. Can any reader of Current Notes say, in whose possession is now this copy of Strutt's QueenHoo Hall? I have a beautiful miniature portrait of Joseph Strutt, by J. Jackson, R.A. Jan. 15.


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Obv. the same. Reverse the same, but the words

FRENCH NEWSPAPERS.—The daily circulation of the one dime in the upper legend, are displaced by the words

principal political journals of Paris is thus defined :ONE FLORIN. These constitute no less than nine varieties of pattern

The Presse, 41,000 copies ; Siècle, 36,000 ; Constitipieces; the first issue of the florin was a junction of the

tionnel, 26,000; Paus, 16,000; Patrie, 15,000; Jour

nal des Débats, 9000; Univers, 6000; Assemblée dies, the obverse first shown of the Queen's head

Nationale, 5000; Union, 4000 ; and the Gazette de crowned, the date altered to 1849, with the reverse of

| France, 3000. the ninth pattern. The omission of the initials D. G. or Dei Gratia, on the obverse, combined with the dumpy character of the piece, occasioned much dissatisfaction. Love and Honour.-Mrs. Jameson, in her“ Ethical

Another variety, struck on a wider flan, has the ob- Fragments," gives the following as a wise saying of verse legend in old English characters, Victoria :d:g: Landor's :brit: reg: f:d: mdcccliii. Reverse, the arms as before,

e ! Love is a secondary passion in those who love most, a but a quadrupled trefoil ornament displaces the double primary in those who love least: he who is inspired by it rose in the centre. The legend, One Florin, and below, I in the strongest degree is is

De below, in the strongest degree is inspired by honour in a greater. one-tenth of a pound. The high rim in which they are struck deprives them of their metallic sound as silver,

The expression as quoted is Landor's; the idea how

ever, is certainly not his, it belongs to a poet of Charles and occasions many to be doubted as counterfeits.

the First's time, I think, as the two following lines will prove :

I should not love thee half so well, CONCORDANCE.—The first to any portion of the Eng

Loved I not honour more. lish Bible was entitled “A Concordance of the New Testament, most necessary to be had in the handes of all I do not remember where these lines are, and should be soche as desire the communication of any place con- obliged if any of your readers will assist my memory? tayned in ye New Testament. Imprinted by me T. | Apropos of ideas borrowed—borrowed is too strong a Gibson, 1535, sm. 8vo." From the Epistle to the reader, word when applied to minds like Landor's and Cowper's it appears that Gibson, the printer, was asisted in the -do you not think that our poet Cowper got his cue for compilation by John Daye. It is of extreme rarity; a his beautiful lines, beginningcopy, defective of the title and four leaves, sold on the

Yon cottager who weaves at her own door; 11th inst., among Mr. Pickering's books, for 91. 17s.6d.

from Corneille's paraphrase of the “ Imitation of Jesus

Christ,” chap. ii.?

Un paysan stupide et sans expérience,

Qui ne sait que t'aimer et n'a que de la foi,
De uno puteo multi possunt aquam haurire.

Vaut mieux qu'un philosophe entlé de sa science,
Albertus Magnus de Secretis Mulierum, p. 227. Qui pénêtre les cieux, sans refléchir sur soi.
A. S.

J. W.

No. L.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."— SHAKESPEARE.

[FEBRUARY, 1855.

INEDITED LETTERS OF LAURENCE STERNE. | Je l'ai beaucoup exhorté à venir nous y joindre : j'aurai soin

d'avoir une bonne chambre pour lui dans le même hotel où The following letters addressed to John Hall Steven

nous serons; nous y aurions une bonne table où il aura son, Sterne's “Eugenius,” are more characteristic of

toujours son couvert; et s'il veut, nous le ramenerons en that writer than any of those already printed with his

e already printed with his Angleterre avec nous : comme ce parti m'a paru lui conworks, and are a sufficient evidence that all the letters veuir, je me flatte de le voir à Paris à la fin du mois prowhich passed under the editorial emendations of his chain. Je roudrois bien que vous voulussiez être de la daughter Madame Lydia de Medalie, have been despoiled | partie ; ce seroit une grande augmentation de plaisir pour of their raciness from an erroneous estimate of what nous et pour lui, et nous pourrions nous y amuser pendant was due to his memory.

deux ou trois mois. Antecedent to these two letters, the following ex

* In a letter to Foley, his banker at Paris, dated from tracts present much in elucidation of Sterne's position and sentiments, as expressed in them. There was a

Montpellier, Jan., 20, 1764, Sterne alludes to this decertain waywardness in the conduct of Mrs. Sterne,

termination on the part of Mrs. Sterne. “My wife which greatly accounts for the alleged indifference

returns to Toulouse, and purposes to spend the summer towards her, so generally laid to the charge of her hus

at Bagnieres. I, on the contrary, go and visit my wife, band ; in fact, there is no question, that the marriage

| the church, in Yorkshire. We all live the longer, at tie between them was anything but a happy junction

least the happier, for having things our own way; this of persons. M. Tollot, an acquaintance of all the par

is my conjugal maxim. I own 'tis not the best of ties, in a letter to John Hall Stevenson, dated Bordeaux,

maxims, but I maintain 'tis not the worst." Later, le 8 Janvier, 1764, describing the onward course of his

in a letter to his daughter, from Paris, May 15, he

parentally expresses himself, “ by this time I suppose, journey in France, writes

your mother and yourself are fixed at Montauban.” Nous arrivames le lendemain à Montpellier où nous trou

As usual, Sterne was at Paris the soul of gaiety, and vames notre ami M. Sterne, sa femme, sa fille, et quelques practically in himself adopted the motto-vive la bagaautres Angloises : j'eu, je vous l'avoue, beaucoup de plaisir

telle. The time was however approaching for his apen revoiant le bon et agréable Tristram, qui me parut être toujours à peu prez dans le même état où je l'avois laissé à

pearance at Coxwould, and the first of these letters, Paris. Il avoit été assez longtemps à Toulouse, où il se seroit

it | not included in his works, was then sent to England. amusé sans sa femme qui le poursuivoit partout, et qui vouloit être de tout: ces dispositions dans cette bonne dame lui

Paris, May 19, 1764. ont fait passer d'assez mauvais momens : il supporte tous

My dear Cosin,- We have been talking and projecting ces désagrémens avec une patience d'ange.* Son intention

| about setting out from this city of seductions every day étoit retourner en Angleterre avec sa famille, mais il paroit

this month, so that allowing me three weeks to ruminate que ces deux dames veulent passer encore un an en France

upon yr letter, and this month passed in projections, and pour finir Miss Sterne : pour lui, il est déterminé à quitter

some other things of the same termination, I account for Montpellier dans le mois de Février et de venir à Paris.

this sin of omission to you, without pretending to excuse it

God be merciful to me a sinner,'-or sometimes, dear Sir, • Sterne's apparent equanimity of temper in society was or dear Madame, be merciful, etc , just as the case happens, unhappily too frequently assumed under very inauspicious is all I have generally to say for what I do, and what I do circumstances. A home not very agreeable, ill health, and not: all which being premised, I have been weeks smitten disappointments in his bopes, had their effect on a temper- with the tenderest passion that ever tender wight underwent. ament sufficiently susceptible of their baneful influence. Iwish, dear cosin, thou couldest conceive, perhaps thou canst M. Tollot, in a previous letter to John Hall Stevenson, dated without my wishing it, how deliciously I canter'd away Paris, April 4, 1762 ; after describing the violence of the with it the first month, two up, two down, always upon my wind and the rain, which impelled him to take divers haunches along the streets from my hotel to hers, at first, glasses of Bordeaux to make himself gay, adds

once—then twice, then three times a day, till at length, I Cela me fait envier quelques fois les heureuses dispositions was within an ace of setting up my bobby horse in her de notre ani Mr. Sterne; tous les objets sont couleur de stable for good an all. I might as well, considering how rose pour cet heureux mortel, et ce qui se présente aux the enemies of the Lord have blasphemed thereupon. The yeux des autres sous un aspecte triste et lugubre, prende last three weeks we were every hour upon the doleful ditty aux siens une face gaye et riante : il ne poursuit que le of parting-and thou mayest conceive, dear cosin, how it plaisir, et il ne fait pas comme d'autres, qui quand ils l'ont alter'd my gait and air—for I went and came like any atteint ne sçavent pas le plus souvent enjouier : pour lui il louden'd carl, and did nothing but mix tears, and Jouer les boit le bole jusques à la dernierre goutte, et encore n'y a t'il sentiments with her, from sunrising even to the setting of pas moien de le désaltérer.

| the same; and now she is gone to the South of France, VOL. y.

and to finish the comedie, I fell ill, and broke a vessel in and own I had not wrote now, but that I profited by the my lungs, and half bled to death.a Voilà mon Histoire ! transit of a Craselite,e by my door, of whom I have learned

We are now setting out without let or hindrance, and all welcome accts of thee, that thou farest well, and art shall be in London ye 29th, Dijs, Deabusque volentibus. good liking; for my own part, I bave had my menses Tollot sends a thousand kind greetings along with those of thrice this month, which is twice too often, and am not our family, to you. He has had a very bad spring of it, altogether according to my feelings, by being so much, from a scoundril relaxation of his nervous system wch which I cannot avoid, at Lord Falconbridge's, who oppress had God sent us warmer weather, he would have recovered me to death with civility. So Tristram goes on busilymore speedily; his journey wih its change of air, will I what I can find appetite to write, is so so. You never read hope sett bim up; why may we not all meet for a fort such a chapter of evils from me-I am tormented to death night at Scarborough this summer? I wish you would say and the devil by my Stillington inclosure ; and am every you would, and I would settle the party, before I leave hour threatened with a journey to Avignon, where Mrs. London.b Write a line to us at Thornhils', where I shall Sterne is very bad ; and by a series of letters I've from be whilst in town. We want sadly to see yr preach Lydia, I suppose is going the way of us all. ment-the report from me made yr heroc an inch higher. I want to know from yourself how you do- and you go I see him every day, and without much, or indeed any pre-on, I mean allum&-full gladly would I see you, but whilst caution, as well by Ins as Outs. You will scarce believe I I'm tied neck and heels as I am-'tis impracticable. Re. dined with him and Lord Tavistoc, t'other day, and with member me sometimes in yr potations- bid Pantyh pray Lord Beauchamp, our ambassador's son, and bim, etc., for me, when he prays for the Holy Catholic Church, prethree days ago. He is eternally joyous and jockundissm.; sent my compliments to Mrs. Ferguson and be in peace and I think to a greater degree than in tbose days when and charity with all mankind. he bad more occasion. I pity him from my soul: he talks

And the blessing of God the Father, of decamping from home to sojourn in Italy, as soon as the

Son, take of his hotel is expired,wch was for a year ; I think Italy

and is not the place for him; but he has reasons wcl I see not.

Holy Ghost be with you, On Thursday morning, we set out from foutre-land, tho'

Amen. L. STERNE. we ought not to abuse it-for we have lived, shag rag and P.S. Greet Hales, and his household. bobtail, all of us, a most jolly nonsensical life of it; and so dear cosin Antony,d adieu, in full hopes on my side, that I shall spend many still more joyous deliriums with you, over AMBRY.-I observe in your number for January a commany a pint of Burgundy—so be it,

munication from a correspondent signing himself" A. J." Yr affectte Cosin, L. STERNE.

which commences, “ The Ambry, scot., almerie, or alSuperscribed. To John Hall Stevenson, Esqre.,

moric, a recess in churches for depositing the alms for

the poor." Allow me to correct this false etymology ; at Skelton Castle, near Guisbro', Angleterre.


the “ Ambry," means neither more nor less than a

cupboard ; "almorium,” in the latinity of the middle He was probably in London at the close of May; the

n at the close of May; the ages, as the quotation which your correspondent gives newspapers of June 5 announced his being then in from Ducange, indicates. The same word exists in town. On June 23, he arrived at York, Two years later, modern French in the slightly altered shape of armoire. the ensuing letter was addressed by him to John Hall

"Alms" is derived from the Greek «elecmosyna," Stevenson, at Skelton Castle, near Guisborough.

through the French term aumône. The Ambry never Coxwould, Dec. 17, 1766.

| was used in our mediæval churches “to deposit the alms My dear Cosin,- I consider thee as a bank-note in the for the poor.” It was used for depositing the vessels recorner drawer of my bureau-I know it is there; I wish Lauired for the ha

' quired for the Holy Communion. · Hence its position in I did ; and its value, tho' I seldome take a peep at it, if a

the chancel or side chapel, or else in the sacristy. comparison will excuse my idlenesses and neglects of all kind to thee-so be it, though I must take further shame,

F. S. A.

a The old story de novo. Writing to the same friend @ A member of the merry fraternity who met and partook from Toulouse, on August 12, 1762, Sterne apprised him, of the festivities in Skelton Castle. In the prologue to the about a week or ten days before my wife arrived in Paris, 1 Crazy Tales, it is thus described :I bad the same accident I had at Cambridge, of breaking

There is a castle in the north, a vessel in my lungs." b Sterne failed in this expressed desire; he went alone

Seated upon a swampy clay, to Scarborough, in September following.

At present but of little worth ;

In former times it had its day: c Lawson Trotter, Mr. Stevenson's uncle, by the mother's

This ancient castle is called Crazy. side, the former possessor of Skelton Castle, but who as a friend of the Pretender, and an avowed Jacobite, fled from f Sterne, in 1760, was presented by Lord Falconbridge England in 1745, when the castle and estates devolved to to the Curacy of Coxwould. his youngest sister Catherine, then married to Joseph Hall. & The alum works then carried on near Skeltori. Lawson Trotter was then living in exile.

h The Rev. Robert Lascelles. d A distinctive title assumed to himself, by John Hall Addressed by Sterne, in the previously published letters Stevenson, in his Crazy Tales.

as “My witty Widow."


CUP-BEARER TO TIE KINGS OF SCOTLAND. In the Irish Churchman's Almanac, for 1855, is an The office of Pinccrna, or King's Cup-bearer in interesting Historical Notice of the Cathedral of Down, Scotland, is of remote antiquity and importance, but, attributed to the Venerable Archdeacon Mant, in which although said to be hereditary in some families so little the following passage occurs :

is known respecting that officer, that the following meWare records the death in 1526, of Tiberius, Bishop of moranda are advanced, in the hope of eliciting further Down and Connor who “ very much beautified the cathe- information dral ;" but no further record remains to show in what

The office of Cup-bearer was common to the houseparticulars this beautifying consisted; and the work of Bishop Tiberius, as well as most of his predecessors, was

hold of the kings of all nations, and is evidently of destroyed in 1538, by Leonard Lord Gray, the Lord Deputy

Eastern origin; it is noticed in the sacred writings, and of Ireland, who, in an incursion into Ulster, burn'd the the inspired Nehemiah (ch. i. v. 11) is there said to Cathedral of Down, and converted it into a stable; for bave been Cup-bearer to the kings of Jerusalem. But, which and other acts of sacrilege he was deservedly im- without entering into the history of the office in other peached and beheaded three years after.

kingdoms, it appears from chartularies and other early A grave error has long prevailed on this subject--an records, that in Scotland, not only the monarch, but error into which not only the venerable author, but also the more potent churchmen had their cup-bearers. every writer who has preceded him on the same subject Chalmers, in his Caledonia, vol. i. p. 512, observes has likewise fallen. It appears that if Lord Leonard that Ranulph de Sules was pincerna Regis for some Gray had any share in the demolition of the Benedictine time, and died not long before the year 1170; again, at Abbey of Down (now Down Cathedral), which, to say p. 538, he notices that the first of the family of Hay, the least, is very doubtful, it is quite certain that the in Scotland, held the same office, and died about the act, if committed, did not form one of the charges upon same year; adding that the first Hay was “succeeded which he was condemned, and for which he suffered. by his son William, who inherited his lands, but not Through the whole of the ninety articles of accusation his office, which passed to the family de Sulis, with against him, not a single allusion is made to any act of whom it seems to have become hereditary." These assacrilege supposed to have been committed by Gray, sertions it is the purport of this inquiry to reconcile, either at Down or elsewhere; so that for these oft re- for as these particulars have been followed, without due peated idle tales, no other authority is to be found than consideration, by other writers, Chalmers' representathe dull fabler Stanihurst. Moore, in this respect, vin- tion of the historical points is at least but vague and dicates the character of Lord Gray, and not only insi uncertain. nuates, but asserts that he never became a convert to The earliest notice known to the writer of the office the reformed religion. Speaking of the Lord Deputy's of pincerna Regis in Scotland, is that of Alfric, who in having entered Lecale, the district in which Down is that capacity was an attesting witness to several of the situated ; in the course of a “hosting," when he took charters and grants of King Edgar, who reigned from from Macgennis the “bold Castle of Dundrum, one of | 1097 till 1107; as also to another grant to the monks the strongest holds in the kingdom,” Moore says: “He of Scoon, by Alexander the First, the successor to (Lord Leonard Gray) is accused of having in the course | Edgar. of this expedition burn'd the Cathedral Church of Down, During the first years of the reign of William the defaced the monuments of the Saints Patrick, Bridget, Lion, as observed by Chalmers, the office was held by and Columb-kill, and committed many other such acts Ranulph de Sules, who died in or about the year 1170. of sacrilege ; but for this generally received story there His successor appears to have been William de Hav, appear to be no more real grounds than for the similar who as pincerna Regis Scocie granted freely to the charge brought against him, respecting the Collegiate Prior and Canons of St. Andrew's, for the space of twenty Church of St. Nicholas, at Galway. Lord Leonard vears, a carrucate of land in Pitmully, Fifeshire. This Gray remained to the last attached to the ancient faith; charter, confirmed by his sons Eva and David,* is and at this time, when historians represent him as de- the only deed known to the writer, in which Hay is disfacing and destroying the monuments of Catholic wor- tinguished by his office of pincerna ; and the name of ship, he was, on the contrary, provoking the taunts of Philip de Valoniis · Camera' appearing among other witsome of his reformed fellow-statesmen, by kneeling de- nesses at that confirmation,t the date is ascertained to voutly before the Idol of Trim'--as an ancient image be within the years 1180 and 1211, the period of Philip of the Virgin, in the church of that town, was thus de Valoniis being the King's Chamberlain, and affording mockingly styled - and hearing three or four masses in incontestable proof that the office of pincerna, or cupsuccession." Hist. of Irel. vol. III. p. 283, referring to bearer, was held not by the first Hay, as erroneously State Paper, T. Alen to Cromwell, numb. 257. Thus, asserted by Chalmers, but by the very son William, it is not at all probable that he who had “come in the whom the same writer states “inherited his father's chapell, where the Idoll of Trym stode, veray devoutely lands, but not his office." kneling before Hir, and hard thre or fower masses," would commit the sacrilege so repeatedly imputed to him.

Downpatrick, Feb. 14. James A. Pilson. I • Reg. de St. Andree, p. 313. Ibid. p. 314.

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