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object of her adoration passed to St. Petersburgh, and and was buried there. It is certainly very curious, and another chair was found to occupy its place. Whether may serve to draw similar communications from others it was the subject of the present illustration, is not a of your correspondents. question-the drawing from which it is made is dated. The lines are not particularly commendable for their June 29, 1807, and it was purchased by some duped conciseness or their correctness; and the word · Epitaph' English nobleman, for a large amount, it is said two | in the last line must, I apprehend, be a clerical error hundred pounds!

for · Initials,' which, although it does not improve the

| sense of the sentence, helps us directly to its meaning. Right OF WAY.-In many rural districts it is a

Reader know that this narrow earthe, popular opinion the passage of a corpse along a private

Incloseth one whose name and worth road constitutes a right of way? I am unable to find

Can live when marble falls to dust : any law bearing on the subject, and am anxious for some

Honor'd abroad for wise and just, information on the subject, my own opinion being that

Aske the Russe and Sweden Theis the law would never sanction so serious a wrong as the

Report his prudence with their peace. above might prove in some cases, and which malice

Deare when at Home, to his faith giv'n might so easily cause, since few men would commit the

Stedfast as earth, devout to Heav'n. public indecency of staying a funeral procession and

Wise merchant he some storms endured, insist upon toll.

In the best porte his soul secured. Llangollen, Oct. 1.


For feare thou should'st forget his name, The opinion here expressed is a popular error, and I am

Tis the first Epitaph of Fame. not aware that any person has ever attempted to moot the On a stone inserted in the chancel wall of St. Nichoquestion in a court of law. The owner of an estate, a few | las' Church, Ipswich, is another quaint inscription, miles hence, has to my own knowledge refused to allow a ' a strange specimen of “an epitaph professional," seemcorpse to be borne along a private way or road upon his l ingly composed by the bold mariner himself, by whom land supposing that it would create a public right of way, | possibly directions were given in his will to ensure its although by the owner's consent, I once saw a corpse carried along the same road, being the nearest way to the

| due appearance in public. The rhyme is evidently spun church; possibly from some such reasons has arisen the

out with considerable difficulty, and there is a taint of error that it becomes thereby a public way.

the familiarly blasphemous in its composition which I Ipswich, Oct. 3.

W. P. H. find generally among the monumental records of the The popular opinion is a delusion. Blackstone, vol. ii. sailors on this coast. p. 36, observes, *“ Right of way may be grounded on a

Though Boreas' blasts and Neptune's waves, special permission, as when the owner of the land grants to

Have tost me to and fro; another a liberty of passing over his grounds to go to

Yet at last by God's desire church, to market, or the like, in which case, the gift or

I barbour here below. grant is particular, and confined to the grantee alone.”

While here I at an anchor ride, No right of way could arise, supposing permission to have

With many of our fleet; been granted from necessity of the case, as that permission

Yet once again I shall set sail would cease with the necessity.

Our Admiral Christ to meet. Lincoln's Inn, Oct. 8.

H. S.

Needham Market, Oct. 11. LINCOLN GREEN. ANCIENT EPITAPHIAL RHYMES. Our old poets formerly penned quaint acrostics for the

The epitaph in Current Notes, p. 64, from Llangollen most part in praise of the charms of some inexorably

Churchyard, is repeated with slight verbal alterations hard-hearted Chloe, or in place of sonnets on some

e in Highgate Cemetery, with the subscription - The pri

nich scornful mistress's eyebrows, but as epitaphial enco

vate sleeping apartment of Richard Hislop of Islington. miums they are rarely found. On the tomb of one

In Kensal Green Cemetery is the following-
Richard Swift, in the small parish church of Blakenham
Magna, near Ipswich, is the following eulogium on one

Pain was my portion,

Physic was my faith, who lived in the early part of the seventeenth century,

Groans were my devotion, set up as a sign. Learning it was still there, she directed

Drugs did me no good. her ambassador Count Woronzow, to obtain the sign-board

Christ was my Physician, for her ; but the Count, on application found that Boniface

Knew which way was best; was simply a tenant, and in the disposition or removal of

To ease me of my pain the sign-board he had not the slightest control; on apply

He took my soul to rest. ing to the owner of the house, there was no desire to part in the crypt of Glasgow Cathedral, is this inscriptionwith the Czar's Head, till the Empress's representative pro

Our life's a flying shadow-God's the pole, posed such terms as entirely quieted all argument, he pro.

The index pointing at him is our soul. posed in lieu of the old sign, to replace it by a new one,

Death 's the horizon, when our sun is set paying all the charges, and a further sum of Five Hundred

Which will through Christ a resurrection get. pounds. The old Czar's Head was soon shipped to St. Petersburgb.

Lincoln's Inn, Oct. 14.

J. L. R. : SIR R. ADAIR, THE ROLLIAD, AND THE ANTI-JACOBIN. the Empress Catherine to give up Ockzakow,* which

On the 3rd instant, at the advanced age of 92, died she had unjustifiably seized. Though repeatedly conthe Right Hon. Sir Robert Adair, K.C.B., leaving be-| tradicted, yet so late as April 1853, this “mission" was hind him the reputation of having by his ability in

alluded to as a fact by Lord Malmesbury in the House various embassies done the state some service. He

of Lords, when it was authoritatively denied, with likewise contributed to the history of his own time by

many encomiums on the character and abilities of Sir the accounts of his embassies to Vienna and Constan

Robert Adair, by Lord Campbell. It was certainly betinople.

lieved at the time, and Pitt, in consequence, was Endued with no small amount of ability and vivacity,

urged, in vain, by the Duke of Richmond and others of he lost no time on his introduction into public life,

the Government, to arrest Fox for High Treason. which took place at an early age under the patronage

The Empress testified her gratitude to Fox on this ocof his powerful relatives the noble houses of Bedford and casion, (for Pitt was compelled to abandon his warlike Albemarle, and Mr. Fox, in bringing his talents to measures,) by placing in her palace his Bust between their service. Besides writing some spirited political

those of Demosthenes and Cicero. This is alluded to pamphlets, he contributed to the “ Political Eclogues" in the “ Anti-Jacobin,” in the following lines, which appended to the “ Rolliad,” the poetical piece entitled have been attributed to the pens of Hookham Frere and « Margaret Nicholson." in which “ Mr. Wilkes and George Ellis, but which James Boswell, the younger, on Lord ławkesbury alternately congratulate each other the authority of the nephew of the great statesman, states on his Majesty's late happy escape." Its object was to were written by Pitt. insinuate that Pitt and his ministerial colleagues Lines written by a Traveller at Czarco-zelo under the Bust had, for their own purposes, elevated the attempt to 1 of a certain Orator, once placed between those of Deassassinate the King into undue importance. It thus

mosthenes and Cicero. commences :

The GRECIAN Orator of old,

With scorn rejected Philip's laws, The Session up; the India-Bench appeased,

Indignant spurn'd at foreign gold, The Lansdownes satisfied, the Lowthers pleased,

And triumph'd in his country's cause. Each job despatched; the Treasury boys depart,

A foe to every wild extreme, As various fancy prompts each youthful heart.

'Mid civil storms the Roman Sage Pitt, in chaste kisses seeking virtuous joy,

Repress'd Ambition's frantic scheme, Begs Lady Chatham's blessing on her boy; etc.

And check'd the madding people's rage. His other contribution to this collection was entitled

Their country's peace, and wealth and fame, “ The Song of Scrutina," written in the style of Ossian, With patriot zeal their labours sought, and had reference to the famous “ Scrutiny" after the

And Rome's or Athens' honoured name Westminster Election in 1784, when Fox achieved a Inspired and govern'd every thought. triumph over the Government candidates Lord Hood and

Who now, in this presumptuous hour, Sir Cecil Wray. In this Scrutiny the Rolliad had its Aspires to share the Athenian's praise ? origin. The following is the commencement.

The advocate of foreign power, Hark! 'tis the dismal sound that echoes on thy roofs,

The Eschines of latter days. oh, Cornwall; Hail ! double-face sage! Thou worthy son

What chosen name to Tully's join'd, of the chair-borne Fletcher! The Great Council is met to

Is thus announced to distant climes ? fix the seats of the chosen chief; their voices resound in

Behold to lasting shame consign'd, the gloomy Hall of Rufus like the roaring winds of the

The Catiline of modern times.t cavern. Loud were the cries for Rays, but thy voice, oh! The following observations of Prior in his “Life Foxan rendered the walls like the torrent that gusbeth of Burke” are not without interest at the present time. from the mountain side. Cornwall leaped from his throne “It seems to have escaped general notice that the mis. and screamed--the friends of Gwelfo hung their heads. fortunes of Poland in her final partition may be, in some How were the mighty fallen! Lift up thy face, Dundasso, degree, attributed, however undesignedly on their part, to like the brazen shield of thy chieftain! Thou art bold to Mr. Fox and the Opposition, in the strong and unusual confront disgrace, and shame is unknown to thy brow means made use of to thwart Mr. Pitt in the business of but tender is the youth of thy Leader, who droopeth his Ockzakow. They lay claim, it is true, to the merit of head like a faded lily. Leave not Pitto in the day of defeat, when the Chiefs of the counties fly from him like the • Ockzakow has now fallen into the possession of the Allies. herd from the galled deer. The friends of Pitto are fled, etc. + The Court party delighted in stigmatizing Fox as the

modern Catiline. But the part which he took in parliaSome years after, considerable attention was attracted

ment subsequent to 1793,” says Sir N. Wraxall, in his to Mr. Adair by the accusation brought against him

Posthumous Memoirs, “and the eulogiums lavished by in Burke's famous pamphlet, entitled “ Observations

him on the French Revolution, soon changed the Empress's on the Conduct of the Minority," of having been sent

tone. She caused the bust to be removed; and when reby Fox in 1790 to St. Petersburgh, to counteract the mea proached with such a change in her conduct, she replied, sures of Pitt, who, in conjunction with Prussia and C'étoit Monsieur Fox de Quatre-vingt-onze que j'ai placé Holland, had prepared a powerful armament to compel dans mon cabinet."

having prevented war on that occasion. But if war had then taken place with England for one act of violence comparatively trivial, Russia, in all probability, would not have ventured upon a second and still greater aggression, involving the existence of a nation, with the certainty of a second war. Nothing, after all, might have saved Poland from the combination then on foot against her ; but it is certain that Mr. Pitt, from recent experience, bad little encouragement to make the attempt."

In 1796, appeared “ Part of a Letter from Robert Adair, Esq., to the Rt. Hon. C. J. Fox; occasioned by Mr. Burke's mention of Lord Keppel in a recent publication." This, which is by no means a contemptible composition, was intended as a vindication of the writer's uncle, Admiral Lord Keppel and Fox; with characteristic delineations of Sir G. Saville, the Marquis of Rockingham, Lord North, and Byng; on all of whom he passes great compliments. The “ ANTI-JACOBIN," ever ready to attack Fox and his party, thus satirizes the author:

Or is it he,--the youth, whose daring soul
With half a mission sought the Frozen Pole ;-
And then, returning from the unfinish'd work,
Wrote half a letter,-to demolish BURKE?
Studied Burke's manner,-aped his forms of speech;
Though when he strives his metaphors to reach,
One luckless slip his meaning overstrains,

And loads the blunderbuss with BEDFORD's brains. And again in the following “ free translation, or rather perhaps imitation, of the twentieth Ode of the second Book of Horace," which, according to a memorandum of Canning's, was written by George Ellis.

On grey goose quills sublime I'll soar
To metaphors unreach'd before,

That scare the vulgar reader:
With style well form'd from BURKE's best books-
From rules of grammar (e'en HORNE Tooke's)

A bold and free Seceder.
I whom, dear Fox, you condescendt
To call your “Honourable Friend,"

Shall live for everlasting:
That Stygian Gallery I'll quit,
Where printers crowd me, as I sit

Half dead with rage and fasting.
I feel! the growing down descends. §
Like goose-skin, to my finger's ends-

Each nail becomes a feather:
My cropp'd head waves with sudden plumes,||
Which erst (like BEDFORD's, or his groom's)
Unpowder'd braved the weather.
* Non usitatâ nec tenui ferar

Pennâ biformis per liquidum æthera

Non ego, quem vocas
Dilecte, Mæcenas, obibo,
# Nec Stygiâ cohibebor undà.
$ Jamjam residunt cruribus asperæ

Pelles, et album mutor in alitem
|| Supernè, nascunturque leves

Per digitos humerosque plumæ.

I mount, I mount into the sky,
“Sweet bird," to Petersburg I 'll fly ;**

Or, if you bid, to Paris ;
Fresh missions of the Fox and Goose
Successful Treaties may produce;

Though Pitt in all miscarries.
Scotch, English, Irish Whigs shall readtt
The Pamphlets, Letters, Odes I breed,

Charm'd with each bright endeavour:
Alarmnists tremble at my strain, tt
E'en Pitt, made candid by champaign,$$

Shall hail ADAIR“ the clever.
Though criticism assail my name,
And luckless blunders blot my fame,|||

0! make no needless bustle;11
As vain and idle it would be
To waste one pitying thought on me,

As to “ unPLUMB a Russell."***
He is again alluded to by the “ANTI-JACOBIN” in
Rogero's song in the inimitable burlesque play, (written
by Canning, Frere, Gifford, and Ellis) entitled “The

There first for thee my passion grew,

Sweet! sweet Matilda Pottingen!
Thou wast the daughter of my tu-
-tor, law professor at the U-

-niversity of Gottingen

-niversity of Gottingen. These and similar attacks were, however, regarded by Mr. Adair as but fair retaliation for his own upon Pitt and his colleagues, and as he good-naturedly mentioned to the writer of the present sketch, who, when preparing a new edition of the “ POETRY OF THE ANTIJACOBIN," was kindly furnished by him with clues to many allusions in that witty work, “ only gave him an importance to which his merits did not entitle him." These were however sufficiently great to induce his old antagonist, Canning, and successive ministers, to select him as Ambassador to various continental Courts, at all of which he acquitted himself so satisfactorily as to earn for him the dignity of knighthood, the title of K.C.B., and the highest diplomatic pension of 20001. per annum.


The personalties of the late Mr. Henry Colburn, publisher, in Great Mar)borough-street, have been sworn by his Executors as being under 37,0001.

Visam gementis litora Bospori,
Syrtesque Gætulas, canorus

Ales, ** Hyperboreosque campos. tt Me Colchus, et qui $1 dissimulat metum,

. me peritus Discet Iber, Rhodanique ss potor.

Absint |||| inani funere neniæ, 1 Luctusque turpes et querimoniæ.

sepulchri Mitte supervacuos honores,


No. LIX.]

“Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[NOVEMBER, 1855.


BELL AND MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS. Deep buried in entangled brushwood and heath, about.

Mottoes on Bells are occasionally in Current Notes, a mile and a half from Penzance in Cornwall, are the but I do not recollect that you have given one that plearuins of Madron Well chapel, which though a good |

santly expresses a quaint, but pious sentiment which I example of the well chapel, and in repute at the time read some years since on one of the bells in the beautiful of the Civil War, it is but little known, or, in fact

wn, or in fact tower of Repton Church, Derbyshire,noticed.

I sweetly toling men do call, Doubtless it cannot claim so high an antiquity as most

To taste on meats thatt feeds the soule. of its fellow ruins, yet there are one or two points for JANE THACKER. 1622. GODFREY THACKER. which it should not be wholly passed by.

The following verse, on a mural tablet in the church The well, not very long since superstitiously used for of Leigh Delamere, Wiltshire, may be considered curious healing some disease, but now dry, is in the south-west from the perpetuation of provincialisms so richly crowded corner, and contrary to the usual custom, the only into the third line. entrance is on the north side, usually assigned to Satanic influence. Opposite to the door, are the remains

Death in a very good old age, of a window ; a low seat, with a slight moulding runs

Ended our weary pilgrim stage.

It 'twas to We a end of pain, nearly round the building. The altar, a fine smooth

In hopes to enter life again. slab of granite, supported on three or four huge masses of the same stone; has on its face a square sink

The monument commemorates Alice, wife of John nine inches on each side, and about an inch deep. The

Browning, who died May 22, 1763, aged 72 years; and altar is one foot, three inches high, five feet, seven inches

John Browning, her husband, who died April 7, 1764, long, and two feet, nine inches in width.

aged 80 years.

J. BARNARD DAVIS. This is not, I believe, the largest of our Cornish |

Shelton, Staffordshire, Nov. 16. Well chapels; the highest part of the ruined walls is not more than five feet; the thickness around the well

The Epitaph noticed in Current Notes, p. 82, as being is three feet, in other parts, two feet.

in Kensal Green Cemetery, is also in the abbey churchQu. Are there any other instances of the entrance

yard of Great Malvern, with some words different, and to these ehapels being on the north side? And again,

the grammar betokening an older date. was the square cut in the altar-slab, intended for the

For Epitaph Collectors, there is one in St. Philip's socket of a cross ?

churchyard, Biriningham, which might be classed among Under the south side of the Chancel in the church at

the ludicrous. It is written, I should think, by an IrishSt. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, is a small dungeon, it

man. I forget the first two lines, they are however a opens down from a seat, and seems tolerably secure from

lament for his wife, and he concludes by thus apostrodiscovery. There are legends of bones and a huge skull phising De being found there, which perhaps we should receive

. O Cruel Death! thou should'st have taken both, if cautiously; it struck me as having been most likely a

| either ; which would have been much more pleasant to priest's hiding-place. Was it so ?

the survivor.

M. J. Torrington Square, Nov. 7. T. H. Pattison.

DR. JOInson justly observes : The business of life is to go forward, he who sees evil in prospect, meets it

in his way: but he who catches it by retrospection, turns Wigs. Why is it that Wigs once so generally worn, | back to find it. That which is feared, may sometimes are now fallen into disuse ?

be avoided; but that which is regretted to-day, may be Chippenham, Nov. 2.

regretted to-morrow. We should, to be useful, decidedly Fushion effects much in these matters, added to which, condemn the indulgence of brooding over circumstances these lines may afford some solution of the question

and events that thought cannot mend, because it unIn days of yore, wisdom and lore,

strings the mind; and that once done, it is surprising Were center'd in the Wig ;

with what rapidity all its peace unravels itself; and how But now, since skull, of both is full,

much it loses of the power of judging rightly on the The peruke's found too big!

mixed condition of human affairs.


S. G.


FASTRADANA, WIFE OF CHARLEMAGNE. The massacre of the French, called Vespero Siciliano, In the Illustrated London News, Nov. 10, p. 565, is did not take place on Easter-day, as stated in a note a facsimile of a curious inscription to the memory of in Current Notes, p. 74, but, according to Giannone, Fastradana, the third wife of Charlemagne, which I on the Tuesday after-nel terzo giorno di Pasqua, I read thusMarch 31, 1282 ;* or, according to Muratori, on the

Fastradana pia Caroli conjunx vocitata, Monday after-nel lunedì di Pasqua di Resurrezione, the 30th day of the said month and year; he, however,

Cristo dilecta, jacet hoc sub marmore, anno adds-scrivono altri, nel Martedi, the 31st of the said

Septingentesimo nouagesimo quarto.

Quem numerum metro claudere musa vetat. month.t Bossi assigns to it the last date, saying Rex pie. que gessit virgo, licet hic cinerescit, nel giorno 31 di Marzo dell'anno 1282.5

Spiritus heres sit patrie, que tristia nescit. Bristol, November 9.


Some critics pronounce the last two lines to be nonA CHRIST CROSS RAYME.

sense; to me, the meaning is sufficiently clearChrist his Cross shall be my speed !

O king of heaven, with respect to her deeds, although Teach me, Father John, to read;

she turn to asbes here, may her soul be heir to that country, That in Church, on Holy-day,

which knows no sorrow. I may chant the psalm and pray.

Virgo, de fæmina conjugata. Encomium Emmæ Re

ginæ, p. 172. Du Cange. Cinerescere, in cinerem Let me learn, that I may know,

redigi. "Tertull. Apol., cap. 40. Ibid. What the shining windows show ;

Hawkshead, Nov. 12.

D. B. H.
Where the lovely Lady stands,
With that bright Child in her hands.
Teach me letters, A, B, C ;

The society of polished men, like smooth iron roads,
Till that I shall able be,

renders the journey of life more easy and agreeable ;

but that of unpolished men, like rough roads, makes all Signs to know, and words to frame,

its ruts and inequalities painfully felt.
And to spell sweet Jesu's name.

Margaret, Countess of Blessington,
Then dear Master will I look,
Day and night in that fair book,
Where the tales of Saints are told,

With their pictures all in gold.

About a quarter of a mile eastward of the ruins of
Teach me, Father John, to say

the Castle of Finhaven, on a rising ground at the junc

tion of the rivers Lemno and Southesk, and at the foot Vesper-verse and matin-lay;

of the famous vitrified fort, stood formerly the original So when I to God shall plead,

parish church of Finhaven or Aikenhatt, in Forfarshire. Christ his Cross shall be my speed !

It is supposed to have been dedicated to the Nine Morwenstow.


Maidens, whose festival is held on June 19, and the Horn Book _ The two horn books. erroneously noticed foundation appears to have been of a very early date, at p. 77., as belonging to Sir Thomas Phillipps, are the as it was rebuilt in 1380, and granted in free gift to the property of Mr J. O. Westwood, who also possesses Cathedral of Brechin, by Sir Alexander Lindsay of à third, more modern, like the old ones in general form Glenesk, father of the first Earl of Crawford. Tradition and appearance, but with simply a marbled paper back. with its busy tongue, has hinted that Lindsay was inIn reference to the earlier specimens, Mr. Westwood duced to this bestowal on the church, in the hope of further intimates

obtaining her propitiatory prayers for some rash acts com

mitted by him, and that he imposed a further penance I have compared mine with the one in the possession of

on himself by undertaking a pilgrimage to the Holy Thomas Longman, Esq., Paternoster-row, with which tbey agree in size, and almost in type; but his specimen has on

Land; cortain it is, that while on his onward course the back only St. Grorge and the Dragon, whereas mine

thither he died .apud insulam de Candey.' have respectively the figure of the reigning monarch with The old church is mentioned in 1576, but being his initials printed in yold on the back from a rude wood- situated in a corner of the parish, a new church in a block, thus enabling us to determine the precise date of the few years after appears to have been erected for greater two specimens, as well as to nfford an approximate date convenience, at the village of Oathlaw, being near to the to that belonging to Mr. Longman, to which an incorrect centre of the parochial bounds; and the old church deperiod had been assigned.

molished. It would seem to have been but a small Storia de Napoli, Tomo III., Lib. xx., Cap. 5., p. 44.

building, having an aisle on the south side, and the + Anuali d'Italia, Napoli, 1753, 4to., Tomo VII., p. 367. floor paved with square glazed tiles of the three primary

Storia d'Italia Antica e Moderna, Tomo XV., Lib. v., colours, red, blue, and yellow, similar to those used in Cap. x., p. 289.

the principal Cathedrals of the middle ages. The land

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