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horn-book of the assumed date of 1570 ?, with a wood in compliment to Sir Thomas Herbert, a devoted sercut representation, pp. 30-31.

vant of King Charles the First. In the Museum of Thomas Bateman, Esq., of Youl- The woodcut illustrations are of the same size with grave, Derbyshire, is a horn-book, discovered in the wall the original horn-book. of an old house at Middleton, in March 1828. On the front, printed on paper, is the alphabet, etc., as shown in the woodcut-

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Mr. Westwood at a meeting of the Archaeological In

stitute, June 1, 1849, exhibited three horn-books. Onc affixed to a thin piece of oak with a short handle, and

of the time of Charles the First; another with a figure protected “to save from finger wet the letters fair," by

of Charles the Second, and the third, an “abece” of a piece of transparent horn, secured by small tacks.

cho later date, not covered with horn but varnished.* Two An equestrian figure of King Charles the First, with of these horn-books were again exhibited at a meeting the crown of martyrdom, embossed on leather consti- of the Archæological Institute, in the Museum of the tutes the back, and when first found, a narrow strip of Taylor Gallery, at Oxford, in the following year. They thin brass was attached to the edge of the horn.

were there understood to belong to the collection of Sir It was probably a Royalist Memorial disseminated | Thomas Phillips, of Middle Hill, Broadway, Worcestersoon after the decapitation of that Monarch, January

shire. 30, 1619. The initials T. II. were possibly placed there • Archæological Institute Journal, Vol. VI., p. 414.


In the Illustrated London News, Nov. 16, 1850, is published Transactions entitled Archæologia Æliana, also a representation of a horn-book of the last century, he was a frequent contributor. He was also a stated to have been then “lately found in the old stock Member of the London Society of Antiquaries, and of a bookseller at Peterborough.”

among other papers in their Archæologia, was the The horn-book was not always printed on paper, and author of a paper illustrative of the Stycas and their attached to a thin piece of oak; they were at times varieties, discovered in a bronze vessel at Hexham, in printed on the horn, or the face of the printed paper Northumberland. Unable to appropriate sufficient time glued or pasted to the back of the horn to be read from the hours his other avocations demanded, he was through it.

assisted by the late Trotter Brockett, junior ; the result Why the horn-book, a single leaf, should bear the of their co-operation was a lucid paper on a very diffiappellation of a book has at times been questioned, but cult subject, greatly redounding to their credit. Mr. it once decided a cause when the late Lord Erskine was Adamson was also a Fellow of the Linnæan Society; a at the bar. The Court doubted the propriety of calling corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Science, a printed sheet a book, when it could not be established Lisbon; a member of the Royal Society of Literature, by fact. “Yes, my Lord,” replied Erskine as counsel, and of various other distinguished societies at home and " by the common horn-book."


That portion of his literary labours which will perTIE BIOGRAPHER OF CAMOENS.

petuate his name, is his Memoirs of the Life and John Adamson, the third son of Cuthbert Adamson,* Writings of Luis de Camoens, printed in 1820, in 2 vols. Lieut. R.N., by his second wife Mary, daughter of John In his acknowledgments to friends, he notices in parHuthwaite, Esq., of Seaton Delaval, was born in High ticular those specially due to “ Mrs. Cockle who oblig. Street, Gateshead, in the house now occupied as the ingly versified his prose translations of those pieces Fulwell Lime Office, on Thursday, Sept. 13, 1787. In which bear her initial.”. To this lady he seems to have early life he was sent to Lisbon on a mercantile course, paid the utmost deference, and to have spoken with which he subsequently abandoned, and on returning was great diffidence of his labours on that work. Mrs. articled to an attorney at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. His Cockle's copy of the book, on large paper, is before the literary turn of mind appears while in Portugal to have writer, and has prefixed a long and interesting letter to diverted him from the pursuit of trade to that admira- her, from Mr. Adamson, in reference to her co-operation, tion and appreciation of Portuguese literature, which in and the topics of the day. later years was in his labours successfully developed.

DEAR MADAM, I send you herewith the second and His first publication in 1808, duod., was a translation third chapters of my Life of Camoens, to which I can add of the Tragedy of Nicola Luiz, entitled Dona Ignez de nothing having consulted every authority. I have deCastro; with some Remarks on her History. It was tained the first and second on account of some new matter. printed at Newcastle, and was favourably received. It is very kind of you to take the trouble to look over

In 1811, his legal attainments obtained for him the the MS., there are many errors I am afraid in it, not being permanent appointment of Under Sheriff of Newcastle, much accustomed to composition above what is usual in an this he retained till the passing of the Municipal Reform attorney's office. I feel extremely diffident on the occa Bill in 1836, rendered that office no longer tenable. In

sion, and therefore beg you will alter any sentence or en1811, he became a Member of the Literary and Philo

large on any passage you think you can amend, for all sophical Society in that town, and in 1825, accepted the

which I shall feel grateful. The other chapters you shall

have, and between us I hope we shall be able to make the office of Honorary Secretary, which he held till his de

work acceptable. I am sure it will be correct, and that cease. How well his endeavours and purposes were

very much research has been made and pains taken to rendisposed towards the progress of that institution is

der it so. I will consult some of my literary friends evidenced by the extent and excellency of its library in in London about it, for I am almost sick of the idea of pubits several departments.

lishing it here, there are so many trifling publications The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle -upon coming out and have appeared, this is entre nous. I shall Tyne was established Feb. 11, 1813, and Mr. Adam go to London about the 8th of next month, and hope this son', who had laboured successfully in its constitution, time to get to Paris. You must come for a few days before became their Treasurer and Secretary, and to their

I go, that we may consult, and I must work hard this

month. * The Adamson Family were in the sixteenth century The work was published in London by Messrs. considerable landowners in the County of Durham. The

Longmans, and has long been, in the language of Paterwills of many of them are deposited in the registry of Dur

noster Row,-out of print. It was ably and most ham, and prove them to have been substantial geomen. The earliest will, dated in 1582, is that of Margaret Adam.

favourably reviewed by Southey, in the Quarterly son, widow, of Eldon, in which neighbourhood they would

Review, for May 1822. seem chiefly to have been settled. Surtees states that a l Disposed towards collections of Natural History, he great portion of the Redworth estate, as well as a part of formed an extensive one of shells and fossils; of the the Whitworth property was acquired by purchase from the former, in elucidation of its objects, and for conveying Adamsons.

I information to others, he published in 1823, the result

of his inquiries and observations in a work, entitled, almost crippled, I have been setting my things in order ; Conchological Tables; this too has long since been dis- and making a Catalogue of several curious and rare books seminated, and copies are now not obtainable. The col- which escaped the fire that consumed my Library lection was a few years subsequently disposed of in Lon. He recovered sufficiently to effect his long-desired don, as from the frequency of importations from almost visit to the metropolis, and on Sept. 12th he called on unknown portions of the globe by scientific and well- the writer, and observed, -"I have long wished to have informed naval commanders, what specimens in that de-a day with you, to-morrow is my birth-day, when I partment of science were once rarities, were rapidly shall complete my sixty-eighth year, and I am deterbecoming common and greatly reduced in value, a shell mined you, my friend here, the Manager of the Newthat at one time was not procurable for less than ten castle Railway, and myself shall have an agreeable day guineas, was from these causes in many instances esti- to-morrow at the Crystal Palace.” He would hear of mated as dear at ten shillings; hence, to arrest further no excuse, no avoidance of the pleasure that he had loss, he availed himself of an offer made to him for its promised for himself, but insisted on the writer's being purchase ; he sold it, and presented his fossils to the with him, early in the morning to breakfast, and start Museum of the Natural History Society of Newcastle. in good purpose to Sydenham. While there he seemed

In 1836, Mr. Adamson printed privately Bibliotheca to experience considerable pain in the chest, which he Lusitania, a Catalogue of his collections in Portuguese appeared vainly to suppress. He admitted he felt great Literature, this he presented to friends, and for years pain, but wished no one to observe it. At dinner, on latterly, being without a copy, has often complained of wishing him many happier returns of the day, he his inability to obtain one. Subsequently, in the years thanked the writer for these kindly expressed wishes, but 1812 and 1846, he printed privately Lusitania Illus- observed, he “had no desire to see another, and pertrata : Illustrations of the Traditions and Minstrelsy haps," said he, “ you will also think as I do, that I have of Portugal. The translations were by Mr. Adamson, lived long enough, when I can see around me three-andbut the versified form in which they appear was by his twenty grand-children." We parted, not without silent valued friend the Rev. R. C. Coxe, Vicar of Newcastle- forebodings that his pains were more acute than he upon-Tyne.

allowed them to appear; and he returned home on the On the morning of Monday, April 16, 1819, an oak morrow. On the evening of the 24th he became seriously beam within the chimney of Mr. Adamson's library, at ill, and he expired on Thursday, the 27th ult., at his his residence in Westgate Street, ignited and caused the house, No. 9, Victoria Terrace, Jesmond Road, Newentire destruction of his books, manuscripts, and choice castle. collections on local and other antiquities. The whole Long, very long, may his Memory be revered ! was insured, but he was not disposed to press matters with the Insurance Office, and he arranged with them

FOUNDATION STONE OF BLENHEIM PALACE. to accept twelve hundred pounds, a sum less than half In a common-place book of the late William Upcott, of the cost, to say nothing of his rarities in Portuguese in my possession, is the following extract from some conliterature which had been presented to him by the Por- temporary Diary, of the year 1705. tuguese and Prussian governments, and various distin Woodstock, June 19. Yesterday being Monday, about guished individuals : all were consumed.

six o'clock in the evening, was laid the first stone of the The late Mr. Quillinan having at his death left in MS. Duke of Marlborough's house, by Mr. Vanbrugge, and a translation of the first Five Books of Camoens' Lusiad, | then seven Gentlemen gave it a stroke with a hammer, which his daughters were desirous of publishing to add and each of them threw down a guinea. Sir Thomas to their father's previous literary distinction, Mr. Wheate was the first, Dr. Bouchel the second, Mr. Van. Adamson induced Mr. Moxon to publish it, but on find-brugge the third, I know not the rest. There were several ing that a loss of fifty pounds on the printing charges

sorts of musicke, three morris-dances, one of young fellows, was unliquidated by a deficiency in the sale, he at once

| one of maidens, and one of old beldames. There were paid that sum, to preclude any anxiety in their minds.

about a hundred buckets, bowls and pans filled with wine,

punch, cakes and ales. From my Lord's house, all went Independently of his business as a solicitor, Mr.

to the Town-hall, where plenty of sack, claret, cakes, etc., Adamson was Secretary of the Newcastle and Carlisle

were prepared for the gentry and better sort; and under Railway Company, and also held other important situa- the Cross, eight barrels of ale, with abundance of cakes, tions, to all of which he rendered satisfactory attention ; | were placed for the common people. but the year 1855 appears to have been one of great! The stone laid by Mr. Vanbrugge was eight square, personal infirmity and pain. In a letter to the writer, finely polished, about eighteen inches over, and upon it dated June 12, expressive of his desire to obtain certain inlaid in pewter were these words :desiderata in Portuguese literature to replace the loss

IN MEMORY OF occasioned by the fire, he expresses a fore-telling of what

THE too soon happened


JUNE 18, 1705. Having been sadly afflicted with the severest fit of gout

ANNA REGINA. I ever experienced, which has apnoyed me for upwards of The battle of Blenheim was fought August 3, 1704. four months, and under which I am still suffering, and



specially noted the right worshipful and well disposed The accession of Queen Elizabeth as a Protestant persons the Bayliffe and Burgesses of the Town of monarch was a source of much gladness to the people of

of Iypswiche who hath well and worshipfully guided and

ypsv England, and in that particular no town displayed more

behaved themselves in all humble obedience towards loyalty than that of Ipswich. The Queen, conscious of

theyr prince and countrye from the beginning, so that their good feeling, visited them on more than one occa

they by theyr severe orders and couragious proceedings sion, and the charters which had been confirmed to them

have rather augmented the estate and comen wealth by King Edward the Sixth, July 8, 1548, she again

of theyr sayd towne than otherways decayed the same, confirmed by an inspeximus dated at Westminster,

or whereby they have well merited and deserved to be Sept. 23, 1560. In 1561, some notice of the Queen's

in all places of Honour and Worship aceepted and purpose to again visit the town having been announced,

receyved, and to have, use and beare suche signes and assessors were named on June 10, in that year, to tokens in sheld

tokens in shelds called Armes, as shall be mete and assess all the inhabitants to the charges of the Queen's convenyent for a further declaration of their comendable entertainment on her next coming, and all who did not proceedings herein. And whereas at this present John pay their assessments were to be disfranchised. At the Gardyner and Jeffrey Gylbert bayliffs of the sayde close of July, the Queen was at Colchester, and went | Towne of Typswiche beinge uncertaine of the auncient thence to Ipswich, and was entertained there from Wed- armes belonging to theyr said Towne and Corporacion nesday, August 6, till the following Sunday. The

and not willing to do any thing preiudiciall to anye amount of each day's charges are thus recorded

manner of person or persons hath instantly requyred

me the saide Clarencieulx Kinge of Armes to make a Wednesday ... 108 981

searche in the register and recordes of myne offiyce and Thursday . . . . 104 14 3

to assigne unto them theyr right auncient armes, Friday: . . . . 100 3 94

Whereupon considering theyr request so iuste and Saturday. . . . 108 10 6

reasonable I have accordlye made searche in my sayde Sunday . . . . 134 94

registers and records, and have founde the antiquitye

thereof so that I could not without theyr greate 556 ņ 61

preiudyce alter or change the same, but accordinge to This sum may be said to have been solely expended on my callynge in office ratifye and confirme theyr sayde the festivities of that occasion. The poor were scarcely aunciente armes as followeth (that is to say) Partye remembered, and the entry of Elemosina, or dole, is par pale gules and azure, in the first a lyon rampant only four shillings!

regardant gold armys and langues azure; in the seThe governing authorities of the town, having ob cond, thre demy botes of the third. And for a testitained a confirmation of their charters and privileges, mony and further encrease of theyr wourthyness I have appear to have thought of their armorial honours, and granted and assigned unto them for an augmentacion required from William Harvey," then Clarenceux, a of theyr sayde armes, healme and creaste two suppatent, which was granted in the following terms :- ) porters, that is to say, upon the healme, a demy lyon

To all and singular as well Kings Heralds and golde supportinge a shyppe sable, on a wreath argent Officers of Armes as Nobles, Gentlemen, and others and sable manteled gules dobled argent; and for theyr which these presents shall see or hear, WILLIAM supporters, two horses of the sea argent, commonly HERVYE Esquire otherwise named Clarencieux prin- called Neptune's Horses maynde and fynned golde, cipal Heralde and Kinge of Armes of the Southe East supportinge the owlde and auncyent armes belonging and West parties of this Realme of Englande sendeth to theyr Towne and Corporacion as more playnelye our comendacions and greeting ; Forasmuch as auncy- aperith depicted in this, which armes healme and creste entlye from the beginninge the renowne of aunciente with the two supporters I the sayde Clarencieulx Kinge Cytes and Towns corporat hath ben comended to the of Aries by power and authoryte to myne office anexed Worlde by sundrye Signs and Tokens in shelds called and granted under the Great Seale of England have Armes which are none other things than demonstracions ratefyed and confirmed given and granted and by these of the good desert and lawdable art and costomes of presents do ratefy and confyrm give and graunte unto the inhabitants of the same, Among the which I the the said John Gardener and Jeffrey Gylbert at this sayde Clarencieulx, Kinge of Armes have at this present present bayliffs of the sayde Towne of lypswiche and to

theyr successors for evermore by the name bayliffs bur• William Harvey, created Norroy by patent, dated

gesses and comonaltye, and the same armes healme Feb. 2, 1551, succeeded Thomas Hawley, Clarenceux,

and crest to use and beare and show in sheld and banwho died August 21, 1557. His being raised to that office

ners or bannar rowles standerd or standerds pennon is thus noticed :-"Nov. 21, 1557. The Queen (Mary) or pennons pencell or pencells to theyr honour and set a crown upon the head of Mr. Norroy, king-at-arms,

wourshippe at theyr lybertye and pleasure without and created him Clarenceux, with a cup of wine, at St. impediment lett or interrupcion of any person or perJames's, her Grace's place.” He died at Thame, in Oxford sons. In Witness whereof I the sayde Clarencieulx shire, Feb. 27, 1567.

Kinge of Armes have hereunto subscribed my name and sealed the same with the seale of myne offiyce, and

RUNDALE TENURE IN LANDS. the seale of myne armes the xxijad daye of August in Can any Correspondent of Current Notes say what the yeare of our Lorde God 1561, and in the third yeare was the origin of the Rundale system of tenure in of the Reigne of our most dread Sovereigne Ladye lands? The practice prevailed formerly in Yorkshire, Elizabeth by the Grace of God Queene of England and may do so still ; the word balk, however, is well Fraunce and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc.

known in that county as implying a ridge of greenW. HERVEY als. Clarencieux, sward left by the plough in ploughing, or by design by King of Armes.

different occupancies in a common field. The original of this grant is now wholly unknown to Downpatrick, Oct. 3.

J. A. Pilson. the Corporation of Ipswich. For many years the Corporation papers were heedlessly thrown about the Council-chamber, no care was taken of them; and as all the townspeople had access to them, any person could take what he pleased. The original grant is believed to have been lost to the town many years since. Lee-road, Blackheath, Oct. 7.

J.J. H.


On the fly-leaves of mathematical and other works,
which passed from Nicholson's circulating library at
Cambridge to the students in the several colleges, were
frequently inscribed, in their leisure moments, many
occasional witty allusions. The following have been
noticed by the writer-

Robin o'Bobbin o' Bilbury Staines,
Than three score men has got more brains;
For three score men have been hang'd for theft,

While Robin o'Bobbin o'Bilbury's left.
Another, appears to have been written, possibly by
some waggish pupil, on the botanical propensity of his

A little garden little Jowett made,
And fenced it with a little palisade:
Would you know the taste of little Jowett,

This little garden won't a little show it.
Joseph Jowett, LL.D., was Professor of Civil Law at
Cambridge, where he died in November, 1813, in his

SHAKESPEARE'S CHAIR. sixty-third year.

J. D. The chairs of distinguished men have long been pic

torially transmitted to after ages as objects of curiosity PORTRAIT OF TOM D'URFEY.

| and interest. In reference to England's dramatic bard, Prefixed to the Pills to purge Melancholy, is a finely every relic has been venerated with intense feeling, and engraved portrait of D'Urfey, by Vertue, but it is a front since the asserted house of his birth at Stratford-uponface, the object being to divert the attention from the Avon has been visited as a shrine by those who have prominency of the Nasal organ. At Knowle House in admired his transcendant genius, there has constantly Kent, is a painting of the Steward's room, with three been pointed out a particular chair as that which persons, portraits of the Earl of Dorset's steward, his Shakespeare used. These chairs have, however, been chaplain and D'Urfey, from this a Mezzotinto, a private fabricated from time to time to suit the exigency plate was done, and in the Strawberry Hill Catalogue, of demand, and the public have been grossly deceived. p. 225, no. 81, is described as “a humourous print The Empress Catharine heard that Shakespeare's à Toping Meeting of a Parson, a Burgher Master's Chair' remained at Stratford-upon-Avon, she was Steward, and a Poet.” Walpole so misrepresented the determined to possess it, and accordingly directed Count facts, though Cole, Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 6391 ; has Woronzow to secure it, even at the price of Five Hunthere recorded D'Urfey“ never forgave the Earl of dred pounds.* It is almost nugatory to observe, the Dorset for having his picture done, as he was so ugly

• The Empress was a zealous collector, and cherished he never would sit for it.” The writer of the Notes to

the memory of her predecessor the Czar Peter, with almost the Effigies Poeticæ, observes in reference to this

a frenzied veneration. She had read or had been informed, portrait-we never saw a human countenance which so

that while in London, when he landed from Deptford, at entirely resembled a mask as this, and yet it is a strong the Tower Stairs, there was a public-house in Great Tower resemblance of the author.

Street, at which he used to stop and refresh himself, and EDWARD F. RIMBAULT. that, in compliment to his visits there, the Czar's Head was

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