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BOCCACCIO AND CHAUCER.
SPES ET FORTUNA VALETE ! JOHN HORNE TOOKE's reprint copy of the Giunta As some interest appears to attach to the Latin couplet edition of Il Decameron, printed at Florence in 1527, which forms the subject of several communications in 4to., has many interesting manuscript philological the last number of Current Notes, I transcribe some notes, among which the following may not be unin lines from Wolters' edition of Petronius, Amst., 1700, teresting to the readers of Current Notes.
containing a somewhat similar couplet, the sentiment of At the end of the Prohemio-piacevoli, sollazzevoli - which is perhaps more truthful in its application, than vole, put at the end, answers to our ful, and has some that which Le Sage and Lord Brougham have given to times, probably been corrupted to ble.
the former. A Farewell to Hope and Fortune is vainly Giornata IIÍ. Don Felice. The Miller's Tale in said even by those who were Chaucer seems in part taken from this story. Tyrwhitt
- wont to sport observes_“I have not been able to discover whence the
In troubled waters, but now sleep in port. story of the Miller's Tale is taken; so that for the pre
Ashton-under-Lyne, June 27.
J. G. R. sent I must give Chaucer credit for it as his own inven
C. Petronii Hilari Pisaurensis Epigramma. tion, though, in general, he appears to have built his Tales both serious and comic upon stories which he found
Diis manibus Petronii Antigenidis. ready made. The great difference is, that in his serious Tu, pede qui stricto vadis persenta, Viator, picces, he often follows his author with the servility of Siste, rogo, titulumque meum ne spreveris oro. a mere translator, and in consequence his narrative is
Bis quinos annos, mensesque duos, duo soles jèjune and constrained ; whereas, in the comic, he is
In superis feci, tenere nutritus, amatus : generally satisfied with borrowing a slight hint of his
Dogmata Pythagoræ sensi, studiumque sophorum
Et libros legi-legi pia carmina Homeri, subject, which he varies, enlarges, and embellishes at
Sive quot Euclides abaco præscripta tulisset. pleasure, and gives the whole, the air and colour of an
Delicias habui pariter lususque procaces. original."
Hæc Hilarus mibi contulerat pater ipse patronus Giornata VII. Lidia moglie di Nicostrato ama Pirro. Si non infelis contraria fata habuissem. The latter part of this story has been adopted by Chaucer, Nunc vero infernas sedes Acherontis ad undis, as the latter portion of his Merchant's Tale.
Tetraque Tartarei per sidera tendo profundi. Giornata X. Madonna Dianora, a Casa Messere Effugi tumidam vitam ; spes, forma, valete; Ansaldo (chez Mons. Ansaldo) a common phrase in
Nil mibi vobiscum est ; alios deludite quæso : Italian, thus leaving out the sign of relation between Hæc domus æterna est: hic sum situs, hic ero semper. Ansaldo and his house, I have not observed this particular omission in any other language. J. H.
TIE HAVEN OF ETERNITY.
The Brechin correspondent, who, in Current Notes, FRANKLIN'S NATIONALITY OF CHARACTER.
| p. 42, supplied the Greek epitaph, copied from a monuEighty years since the Ministry of that day in de- ment at Basle, to the memory of a clergyman, 1564, ference to the King's wishes, declared America in observes, “it reminds us as much of the Apostle Paul, rebellion, and the sanguinary battle of Bunker's Hill as of the Greek epigrammatist;" it rather reminds me followed in pursuance of orders to which the people of of the impostor Mahomet ; for who, but one of his England were directly opposed. Strahan, the King's followers, would knowingly have written such a verse Printer, was then in Parliament, and was previously on as this? terms of close intimacy with Dr. Franklin, but the latter
Ουρανίοισι θεοίς μούνος ένεστιν έρως. closed that connection by the following characteristic and manly avowal.
The former line is not without fault. The blessed Phila
who rest in the Lord, cannot be correctly said to take a Mr. Strahan, -You are a member of Parliament, and of long farewell of faith, for with them faith is realized. that Majority which has doomed my Country to Destruc- The original verse should have remained unaltered ; tion. You have begun to burn our Towns, and murder our and the pentameter, instead of inspiring a sensual idea, People.-look upon your hands - They are stained with should have conveyed a spiritual one. the blood of your Relations --You and I were long | 'Eatic kai ou Túyn usya yaipetetòy lepévi avpov. Friends :-You are now my Enemy, and
I am yours,
'Εν μακάρων νήσοις νύν ανάπαυσιν έχω.
B. FRANKLIN. 1 Thus both lines are consistent and connected, and The autograph original was sold at Messrs. Puttick | free from the objectionable idea — and Simpson's on the 20th inst., for sthirty-nine By Hope beguiled, by wavering Fortune too, shillings.
At last I bid a long farewell to you.
I've gained the Port. Securely now I rest No man in the crowd of life is remarked, till he
In everlasting regions with the blessed. has found some sort of pedestal on which he can stand
Hawkshead, July 9.
D. B. H. and be seen.-Jules Janin.
OVER DOOR INSCRIPTIONS.
| Earl of Southesk, who married the Lady Anne, eldest The inscription imperfectly quoted, Current Notes, daught
daughter of William, the second Duke of Hamilton. p. 43, was not over the entrance of Stirling Castle, and
À Many of Earl Robert's repairs, notwithstanding the consequently will be sought for there in vain, but it castle is now a ruin, are visible about the place, and is on Mar's Wark,' a building at the head of the the doors and windows were formerly ornamented with Broad Street in Stirling, begun by the Regent Earl of
Horatian and other maxims. Three have been moved Mar, but now a ruin. The inscription is understood as
from the castle, and placed in various parts of the walls a defiance to the generally expressed popular discontent,
of the adjoining farm-steading. One more elegant than on his pulling down Cambuskenneth abbey, for the
the rest, bears an Earl's coronet, and other sculpture in stone and building materials for his palace. The in
high-relief, and the Earl's initials in monogram, as here scription in full is thus :
VITH GENTLE E TO GIF THAIR IVGING.
Your Correspondent, Current Notes, p. 43, could not A possibly have seen the inscription said to be over one of the doors of Stirling Castle, but must have copied them from some old book, as there are no such mottoes on the Castle of Stirling, at least so far as I am aware. Along the base line below the monogram, is the followThese inscriptions are in truth from an old ruinous ing inscription, supposed to have some reference to the building in the town of Stirling, called Mar's Work, a 'merry' disposition of his Countess, whose history little to the right of the old kirk. The stones of which appears at some length in Grammont's Memoirs. the house was built are said to have been brought from DISCE MEO EXEMPLO FORMOSIS POSSE CARERE. the neighbouring priory of Cambuskenneth; and the
On another is this quaint observationfront wall is decorated with several pieces of well executed sculpture, particularly the royal arms of
NON SI MALE NVNC ET SIC ERAT* ANNO DOM. 1678. Scotland. There are also the arms of the founder, the The Castle of Vayne is the property of the Hon. Regent Mar, tutor or guardian of king James the William M. Maule of Ferne and Maulesden, brother to Sixth; and of his Lady, who was of the Tully bardine the Lord Panmure, and heir presumptive to that title family.
and great estate. Mr. Maule has done much of late to The three couplets which form the inscription, are on stay Time's devastating hand in despoiling this picthree distinct parts of the building, and as far as I turesque ruin, by removing such portions as were could decypher them in 1849, are as I now send, but likely to fall and injure the rest, and by partial the originals are so much obliterated by the weather, restorations, adding to its general effect and preservation. that every orthographical particular cannot be vouched OVER a door in the court-yard of the Castle of for, nor have they, I believe, been in a much better Mains near Dundee, built by Sir William Graham, state for the last half century or more. Pennant, in his great-grandfather of the celebrated Viscount Dundee, Second Tour in Scotland, p. 225, has also printed the who fell at Killicrankie ; is this inscription. last couplet incorrectly.
PATRIÆ ET POSTERIS. GRATIS ET AMICIS. 1582. THE MOIR I STANDE ON OPPIN HITAT
Over the inside of the doorway of Queen Margaret's MY FAVLTS MOIR SVBIECT ARE TO SITAT.
bower in Linlithgow Palace, these lines of Sir Walter I PRAIY ALLVIKARIS ON THIS BIGIN
Scott's have been recently insculped —
His own Queen Margaret,
Who in Lithgow bower,
All lonely sat, Over door inscriptions are frequent on the old castles
And wept the weary hour. in Scotland. The castle of Vayne, or the old manor house of Ferne, situated on the north bank of the Noran, a stream remarkable for its clearness and the The line in Horace - Non si malè nunc et olim sit erit, excellence of its trout; was built by one of the Lind- has been thus translatedsays, and afterwards repaired by. Robert Carnegy, third | The wretch of to-day may be happy to-morrow.
UPON a wall in the old town of Linlithgow, under an | The poem, under the authority of the College of effigy of St. Michael, to whom the chapel was inscribed Salerno is inscribed to the King of England, as the in old times.
first line expresses :SAINT MICHAEL IS KINDE TO STRANGERS.
Anglorum regi scribit Schola tota Salerni ; : On demolishing in or about 1808, an old waulk or but there are reasons for believing the real author to fulling-mill near the abbey of Cupar Angus, in Forfar- have been Johannes de Mediolano, a celebrated poet shire, the following quaint inscription was discovered on and physician; and this dedication to the King of a stone over the door; the last line being expressed by England," suggests some points of interesting notice. carved representations of the articles named.
Prior to the Norman conquest of England, a body of ANDREW CHAPMAN AND MARG'ET TOD,
Norman knights, having been to perform worship at [The waulkmill shears, and the pressin 'brod.]
the Holy Sepulchre, were on their return from Jeru
salem, driven into Salerno at a time when Guimarus, Brechin, July 8.
Prince of Salerno, required aid against a Saracenic invasion. The Normans assisted the Prince, and the
invaders were repelled into Sicily; Guimarus duly SCHOLA SALERNITANA.
appreciating their valour, proffered them great induceJ. A. P., of Downpatrick, who enquires who was the ments to remain in his dominions, but these were of no author of the hexameter
avail to warriors then on their way homeward. The
Prince then sent ambassadors to Normandy, to propose Cur morietur homo cui Salvia crescit in horto ?
large bounties, high dignities, and every inducement will find it in the Schola Salernitana, a book of medical that a rich and fertile country could offer to as many aphorisms, in Leonine verses, compiled, if not by Con- as would settle in his realm. About three hundred of stantine the founder, at least by one of the Doctors of the flower of the Norman nobility were thus induced the once famous medical school at Salerno, about the to settle in his kingdom, when they colonised a part of middle of the eleventh century, and dedicated to King Apulia and Calabria, and successfully defended the Edward the Confessor. See Muratori Antiquitates, country against the invasions of the Moors. These tom, iji., dissert. xl., pp. 686, et seqg. It is not con events occurred about the time of the Norman invasion fined to hexameters; for instance,
of England, and sufficiently explain the existence of
an intercourse between the Salernians and the English Ut sis nocte levis, sit tibi cæna brevis.
at this period. The Schola Salernitana was first printed in 1480, William the Norman, by his will left the kingdom of with a commentary written by Arnoldus Villenovanus, England to his second son Rufus, and to his eldest son who was living early in the fourteenth century.
Robert, the Dukedom of Normandy. The latter accomHawkshead, July 4.
D. B. H. panied Godfrey of Bulloine as a crusader to the Holy
Land, and was present at the capture of Jerusalem.
While there he received tidings of the death of his The Leonine hexameter respecting which your cor- brother Rufus, slain by the arrow of Sir Walter Tyrrell, respondent J. A. P. enquires, is the first line of the August 2, 1100; and leaving Palestine to succeed him, Thirty-eighth chapter of the Schola Salernitana, “De hastened to visit his countrymen at Salerno, and to Salvia ;" the following passage being wholly in its obtain advice on the treatment of a wound received from praise.
a poisoned arrow, during the siege of Jerusalem, which Cur moriatur homo cui Salvia crescit in horto ?
no adopted means had sufficed to heal. Even at Salerno, Contra vim mortis non est medicamen in hortis. the proposed cure was, that the lurking poison, should Salvia confortat nervos, manuumque tremorem
be sucked out of the wound, but as this course was Tollit, et ejus ope febris acuta fugit.
supposed to expose another to a fatal risk, he generously Salvia, castoreum, lavendula, primula veris,
refused to prolong his life by these means. However, Nasturt., Athanas., hæc sanant paralytica membra. during his stay in Italy, he became enamoured with Salvia salvatrix naturæ conciliatrix.
Sibylla, the daughter of the Count of Conversana, and Salerno in the south of Italy, was in 794, made by whom he married. She is said, to have opportunely Pope Boniface VII., the metropolis of the whole district, while he slept, and unknown to him, sucked the poison and its medical school in the eleventh and twelfth cen from the wound, and happily, without injury to herself turies obtained great celebrity, so much so, that it was effected his recovery; so that with restored health, he afterwards constituted a university for granting degrees was enabled to proceed to England. It was therefore, and licences in medicine. The Schola Salernitana, a while in Italy, and the Duke apparently about to assume Latin poem, consists of hygienic and medical regulations the English Crown, that the poem was written, and at for preserving and restoring health, written in hexameter his request, addressed to himself, as King of England. verses, many of which are leonine, as in the above His younger brother Henry, had however in the mean extract, the middle and terminal words in the first two, time, been elected on August 4, and crowned at Westand the last lines, rhyme with each other.
minster on the day following, Sunday August 5, 1100
The effigy in wood of Robert, Dake of Normandy, with instance, my reply might have been copied from your crossed legs, as a leader in the first crusade, is yet letter verbatim :extant in Gloucester Cathedral.
" Adelphi - We commence our (At Home) season The incident of the extracting of the poison from the here at Easter, and shall continue open until the 18th wound is related with sufficient minuteness of detail, in of June, or later, if Arnold builds. An alibi, proved, I the Latin preface to the Schola Salernitana, printed at cannot come!” Paris, in 1627, but is, I fear, of a somewhat apocryphal | The Baronet received the bust safe, and is delighted character. A modern physician might question the -“ Lay out, Bardolph! and I will thee repay !" efficacy of the treatment by mere exhaustion of a I rejoice at Paganini's success on Mr. Lewis's acpoisoned wound so long after the injury had been re-count. I was not aware by “the Papers," that he had ceived ; yet later, Queen Eleanor has long been acknow been at Brum. A paragraph has gone the round,' as ledged the rightful claimant of the honour due to a it is termed, that I gave an entertainment to a large similar act of generosity, to her own husband, King party, on Tuesday 7th, but that our festivities were Edward the First.
damped by the arrival of the news of Munden's death. Leeds, June 27.
J. D. Heaton, M.D. I have not, since June last, been at home more than
ten days at a time, never had a party since-and dined The line
tete-a-tete with my wife on the 7th, ha! ha!
The joint-stock Cholera Company are trying to spread Cur moriatur homo cui Salvia crescit in horto?
the Coleraphobia, but I do not think success will or hortis, is quoted from the Schola Salernitana, in follow. Shares are at a discount. If you have not read Elliot's Castle or Regimen of Health. The reason why them, and Dr. Unwin, in the Times of yesterday, and a man may die notwithstanding all the virtues of Sage, to-day do-it is doubtless filed where you read, yet there is assigned in the line which follows, somewhat to this
are flats who are panicized! It is worthy of the same effect, for I do not remember the exact words.
nation that allowed Johanna Southcott's name to be Non sunt in hortis tristis medicamina mortis. pronounced with gravity, or Mr. Kean to act Romeo
and Hamlet. I do not believe in the existence of real
Asiatic cholera in England. We are going to fast, oh! Cur moriatur homo cui salvia crescit in horto ? oh! oh! What shall we come to next ? Lord Grey is from the Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum, Oxford
proposed it, because Percival asked for it, to clear his edition, 1830, line, 178. The next line answers the
conscience of the sin of living on a pension--and the
| king said, “D- his eyes if he cared whether they question.
fasted or not,'' -and so actors lose a night's salary. Contra vim mortis non est medicamen in hortis.
The actors alone are deprived of repast
The ministers all are paid while they fast.
Mr. Freeman, I think is the gentleman's name who GARRICK CLUB INAUGURATION DINNER. travels with Pag.; he promised me an autograph. Can't The following addressed to Robert Clarke. Eso.. you and him between you furnish a letter? Try. Have Theatre Royal Manchester, will donbtless afford some the goodness to read the following bit to my friend Mr. amusement to the readers of Current Notes, as being
Lewis, " was there any other article besides a mourning highly characteristic of that distinguished Comedian,
ring, a hammer, and a gridiron in the box he was kind Charles Mathews. The • delightful day at the Gar- enough to present to me? To whom did they belong? rick Club was noticed at the time by an unaccount
I fear I have been robbed. I put the two latter articles, able omission of the stewards, all reference to the plays
certainly (and as I thought, the former) into a Mulberryor memory of the immortal bard Shakspeare being in
tree box. On my return I found only the hammer and their libations wholly forgotten-the players and their gridiron, yet nothing else in the house is missed. I patrons seem to have thought but little at the moment made a memorandum too of the name of the donor, of “ the sinking drama."
knowing how treacherous my memory is, excepting in J. F. my profession. I have almost betted it was Powell.
| I am fidgetted to death about it, and am sick with London, Feb. 16, 1832. searching. A suspicion of servants-one of ten years MY DEAR CLARKE-You and I, thank God! have lived growth, etc., is horrible. If the words of the ring were with each other in such a jocose way, that matter of in Mr. Tummas's memory, the pawnbrokers may elucifact people do not always comprehend, and if I were not date. Great regards to Mrs. Clarke, in which we all aware that you are concerned for another, and, therefore join to thee also, a grave man of business when negociating for him, I
Ever sincerely yours, CHARLES MATIEWS. really should have thought you only wanted an excuse P.S. The Duke of Sussex presided yesterday at the for saying that you were alive and truly mine. In Inauguration of the Garrick Club: there are 300 memyour hurry you did not think I should speak about my bers, who are devoted to an attempt to revive the sinking season. Had I received a letter from Mr. Watson for drama--a delightful day!
SHAKESPEARE.—In Johnson's Academie of Love, de- DIALECTS.—Professor Adelung asserts there are 3664 scribing the Folly of Young Men, and the Fallacie of known dialects and languages in the world ; in America, Women, 1641, 4to. p. 99, it is said
1624; in Asia, 937; in Europe, 587; and in Africa, If it were not for some of the old out-of-date grandames. / 276 ; the aggregate of these numbers, however, make the young sparkish girls would read in Shakespeare day and but 3424. night.
INVOCATION OF THE VIRGIN. CUTLER'S POETRY. In the bye-play between Nerissa EXAMPLES of the Invocation of the Virgin in inscripand Gratiano, in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice ; tions on monumental brasses, are now I believe rarely the latter in extenuation of the charge of having parted found, caused doubtless by their being defaced and dewith the betrothal ring, calls it
stroyed as idolatrous by the authorities at the coma paltry ring
mencement of the Civil War, between Charles the First That she did give me, whose poesy was
and the Parliament. The only instance that has fallen For all the world, like cutler's poetry
under my observation in this county, is at LoughUpon a knife.
borough, where on the south side of the chancel is a What was this cutler's poetry here mentioned ? Did large slab commemorative of a former vicar, whose it allude to a motto used by the cutlers in lieu of effigy has long since been erept, but on the margin, on their names ? Are there any remains of this custom
a brass label, so much of the inscription remains extant ?
+ Hic iacet . . . . Rector istius Ecclesie qui 0.... Needham Market, July 19. LINCOLN GREEN. ... ssionem gloriose Virginis Marie. ppiciet. Deus. Amen. To present a knife between lovers is said to be an omen
What other instances are known? of parting, to counteract which some trifle must be given Leicester, July 14.
WILLIAM KELLY. in exchange; Shakespeare, in reference to this belief, makes Gratiano repeat the motto-Love me and leave me not.
UNICORN.- What was the original use of the UniDaggers, knives, and swords in Shakespeare's time pre- corn in Heraldry ? Was it derived from the East? sented frequent instances of inscriptions and mottoes, in single lines and couplets. A knife of the early part of the sixteenth century. purchased at Bernal's sale for the l BILL NOR BAN! In Dumfries-shire, it is a usual Museum at Marlborough House, has, on the back edge, in expression with the creditor, when no security has been raised letters—DE LA FIDELITÉ DERIVE MA FORTVNE, taken of the debtor, to say " he has neither bill nor ban
Knives were formerly presented in pairs, in richly em- of him.” Formerly, or till within the last sixty or bossed or enriched sbeaths, either of leaiher, or metal richly seventy years, it was the practice when a loan was studded, chased or engraved. A pair of such knives, pre made, for the borrower, to take the lender into his bire, sented by a lady to her lover occurs in the Bernal sale, loose a cow's binding (ban), and present it to the latter no. 3394. The blades steel, but with twisted red horn as a pledge or surety the money would be returned. and silver ornamented handles. On the blade of one is
Has this been a custom in any other district? or can engraved.
any other instances be adduced of the modes or practices With wealth and beauty all doe well,
of similar securities in the unlettered conditions of But constant love doth far excell.
T. B. G.
HONOUR AND FAME.- Where are the following lines I like my choice, I will not change.
to be found ? I had an impression, they were by Sir ELIZABETH WALLIS. Walter Scott, but I cannot find them in his works.
The warrior reposes to combat no more;
On his heart and his blade were engraven the sameSPECTATOR.-Joseph Addison of St. James's, and
Ne'er draw without honour, ne'er sheathe without fame. Richard Steele of St. Giles's, gentlemen, assigned on
Leicester, July 14. Nov. 10, 1712, to Samuel Buckley, printer and book
WILLIAM KELLY. seller, a half-share of the copyright of The Spectator,
G.'s notice of the incident of the Swallow being taken then printing in 6 vol., and engaging to continue the by an artificial fly, Current Notes, p. 48 ; is not a work during that month, so as to form a seventh volume,
solitary instance; Hofland, in his Angler's Manual, first for the sum of 5751. The assignment took place at the edition, pp. 355-6, records another from his own exFountain Tavern in the Strand, which then stood on the
T. R. site of the houses now numbered 105 and 106.
Buckley transferred this assignment to Jacob Tonson, ERRATA.-P. 42, col. 2, line 4 from foot, read, Portam junior, on Oct. 13, 1714, for 5001.
is a meagre substitute for Portum, a haven of rest after The autograph original was purchased on the 20th the storms of life. P. 43, col. 1, line 14 from foot, for inst. by Messrs. Boone, of Bond Street, for 71. 15s. transition, read transposition.