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and for crest, on a Helmet, a Griffin's Head erased.
OVER DOOR INSCRIPTIONS. The same arms were borne by a family of that name so ! Tae inscription over the entrance of Lord Brougham's far back as the battle of Agincourt.
country house at Cannes, in the South of France, is a The time of the persecutions of the Duke of Alva, is Latin translation of a Greek epigram. The original may the presumed date of the settlement of the Hoyles in
be seen in the first book of the Anthologia Græca of Yorkshire, where they became possessed of considerable Planudes, or in the ninth book of the Palatine Anthology. lands in the parish of Ripponden; among these were the land indeed in many of the minor collections. Hollins, Swift Place, and Light Hazles, besides exten- |
Your correspondent has left out a word in the Pen
You sive estates in Barkisland, Soyland, and elsewhere.
tameter line, and mis-spelled another. The true reading An Elkanah Hoyle lived at Swift Place in 1618. lite
isOne of his sons, another Elkanah, died about 1717, and
Inveni portum ; Spes et Fortuna, valete : by his will left forty shillings a year, charged on the
Me sat lusistis; ludite nunc alios. estate called the Hollins, and sixty shillings a year from
I know not who was the author of this metrical verSwift Place, to the poor of Ripponden. He married
sion, whether Grotius, or Bellicarius, or one of the SteAgnes, daughter of John Hanson, of Woodhouse, a lineal descendant of the De Rastricks; by his wife
vens, or some other person.
Upon a monument erected at Basle, to the memory Agnes, daughter of Sir John Savile.
of a Protestant clergyman, who died in 1564, is or was A copy of the will of this Elkanah Hoyle is in the
the following parody of the Greek original. It reminds Town's Box, at Ripponden. A branch of the Yorkshire Hoyles is now settled about Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
us as much of the Apostle Paul as of the Greek epiOld Jewry, June 15.
όνρανιοισι θεοις μουνος ενεστιν έρως.
O faith, O hope, I bid you both farewell : Cecilia, his wife. He is thereon described as late of
For now with love among the Saints I dwell. Denton Hall, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Merchant,
Brechin, May 28. and formerly of Swift Place, in the County of York. They both died in 1819, and the stone bears the arms described in your May number of Current Notes, p. 40.
A CORRESPONDENT in the last number of Current Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Notes enquires whence the couplet he quotes as inscribed over the door of Lord Brougham's country seat at Cannes, is derived, -it must however have been mis-quoted, the
noble Lord is too accurate a scholar to have allowed GROTESQUE IN CHURCH ARCHITECTURE.
blunders in grammar and metre to be engraved on his The Camden Society and other Critics have erro walls, nor can I in charity believe that two Scotch neously interpreted the hideous and obscene imagery Humanity Professors could have inscribed or restored which is often found within a church, on corbels and a distich so worded. The true version is bosses, and elsewhere. In Morwenstow Church, in
Inveni portum. Spes et Fortuna valete, Cornwall, there are two faces, one on the curve, and the
Nil mihi vobiscum; ludite nunc alios. other on the shoulder of an arch. The era is early
Sat me lusistis would be a fair various reading. Norman in style and date. One of these is the distorted countenance of a man, and he lolls out bis tongue
Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy, Part II. Sect. at you, as you look up; the other is fixed in a fierce and
13, Mem. 6, ascribes it to Prudentius, with this reference horrible laugh. Both are called by the Forefathers
- Distichon ejus in Militem Christianum, e Græco" the Grin of Arius,” and both were intended to depict
engraven on the tomb of Fr. Puccius the Florentine, in the heretic mocking at the Mysteries of the Church.
Rome. Chytræus in Deliciis. The name of this grimace of sculpture is derived from a
The only edition I have of Prudentius, in Maittaire's painting of the Council of Nicæa, now, I think, in the
Corpus, does not contain it. Probably it will be found Vatican; wherein Arius is shewn among the Doctors
in the later and more ample edition, printed in 1788, by
Bodoni at Parma. with a fearful laugh of mockery and malice on his baffled visage.
I might perhaps properly transcribe Mr. Galloway's The climax of every baleful passion, whether of re
versionvenge, or hatred, or fear, is a convulsion of spasmodic
Inveni portam-Spes et fortuna valete, laughter. There are corbels in the cathedral of St.
Sat me ludistis – ludite alios. Kentigern, at Glasgow, which represent the Fiends as Portam, a haven of rest after the storms of life, is a they grasp the separate soul of the Lost, and their de- meagre substitute for Portum. Ludistis is an error for moniac faces are shivering with “the Grin of Arius," lusistis, and the omission of nunc destroys the metre. into a stony laugh.
C. F. NEWMARCH. Morwenstow.
R. S. Hawker. Leverton Rectory, Boston, June 2.
I ENTER on the subject of your correspondent's enquiry pal entrance to his country house at Cannes. The tenth more with a view of placing on record in your columns chapter of the ninth book of his Gil Blas ends thuswhat I believe to be the more correct version of the
Nous nous verrons bientôt dans notre hameau ; et je veux pleasing melancholy' in that oft adopted quotation en y arrivant, écrire sur la porte de ma maison ces deux rather than to satisfy his query from what author it is vers latins, en lettres d'or: borrowed—the latter I cannot do. I have never met
Inveni portum. Spes et Fortuna, valete; with it but as a quotation, and very variously phrased.
Sat me lusistis ; ludite nunc alios.
Bristol, May 26.
F. S. Donato. Sat me lusistis, ludite nunc alios. I would suggest as more grammatically as well as Your Correspondent, Current Notes, p. 36, will find more metrically perfect than his own version in your these lines in Book ix. chap. 10. of Gil Blas, as having May number.
been inscribed by him in golden letters over the door of The lines I have heard assigned to Propertius or his house at Lirias near Valencia, the gift of the Lords Tibullus in their Elegies, as well as to Claudian and of Leyva; and should Mr. Galloway be disposed to read some of the Italian poets of the era of Pope Leo the the delightful description of Gil Blas' journey after his Tenth. These suggestions derived from others have not release from the tower of Segovia to this charming realised the discovery of the source whence the lines are retreat ; the description of the place and the country, taken, they may however serve as hints to Mr. Galloway and the account of his marriage with the fair Antonia, in his future researches.
will doubtless afford him much pleasure. Fleet Street, June 6.
J. W. B. Lord Brougham in all probability found the inscription
in Gil Blas, I dare say a favourite book with him:
Putney, May 28. . RICHARD TalLEMACH. The correct reading of the Epigram, cited by your Correspondent, David Galloway, p. 36, of the last May
Smollett's translation of the ninth book of Le Sage's number, is this
Gil Blas, has the passage thus-
I think it ny indispensable duty to share the sweets of
my retirement with the authors of my being. Our journey It will be found in the Anthologia Græca, cum Versione will not be long. We shall soon see ourselves settled in Latina H. Grotii, edita ab H. De Bosch, Ultraj. 1795- our hamlet, where, when I arrive, I will write over the 1810, 4to,. Vol. IV., p. 219. It is neither “ the inven door of my house, these two Latin verses in letters of goldtion of the versatile Baron," nor “borrowed from a
Inveni portum. Spes et Fortuna valete: French author," but the translation of an anonymous
Sat me lusistis, ludite nunc alios. Greek Epigram in the said Anthologia, Vol. I. p. 318.
Mr. Galloway quotes it thus,'EX niç kai où Túxn uiya xaipete sòv deuév' ūpov.
Inveni portam, spes et fortuna valete,
Me sat ludistis, ludite alios.
Kensington, May 28.
R. C. KIDD.
Over one of the entrances of the castle at Stirling, Here the second verse is faulty both with respect to was a basso-relievo, with the following lines :the latinity and to the metre. The syntax is easily cor
ESSPY · SPEIK · FVRTH · AND · SPAIR: NOTIT rected by a simple transition :
CONSIDDER. WEILL: CAIR. NOTAT
THE. MOIRI: STAND ON OPPIN · HIGHT
MY • FAVLTIS • MOIR · SVBIECT·AR·TO · SITHT
1584. Latina, lib. iv. p. 213. It has also been translated by Sir Thomas More, and by Fred. Morell. The latter. The stone bearing this inscription has been moved might possibly be the French author alluded to by the since 1800. Rev. James Anderton. Another Epigram of eight verses, beginning nearly
DOOR-HEAD verse graven in stone over the porch of the same, and evidently an expanded imitation of the Morwenstow Vicarage, in Cornwall, built by the preformer occurs in De Bosch's edition, Vol. i. p. 102. sent Vicar. 'Ελπίς και ου Τύχη μέγα χαίρετε. της οδού εύρον, etc. A HOUSE: A GLEBE: A POUND A DAY: Hawkshead, June 11.
D. B. H. 1 A PLEASANT PLACE TO WATCH AND PRAY :
BE TRUE TO CHURCH: BE KIND TO POOR,
O MINISTER, FOR EVERMORE. Le Sage is the French author from whom is taken the motto inscribed by Lord Brougham, over the princi- | . The annual value of the ricarage rentcharge.
COMBUSTION OF THE DIAMOND.
POSTURE OF THE BURIED DEAD. SOME years since I remember to have read the name
THROUGHOUT the ritual of past ages there is a deep of the person who first discovered the properties of the
embodiment of doctrine in every gesture and every deed, diamond, and fancied I had taken a note of the circum
- not one stone is placed upon another in the material stance ; but unluckily, I find neither my memorandum,
sanctuary; not a lifteà finger, or a bent brow in spiritual nor can I bring to mind the source of that information.
worship, but it hath a meaning. Nothing can be more Can any reader of Current Notes kindly refer me to
graphic, nothing, being interpreted, more eloquent than where it is to be found ?
the attitude of the unconscious dead; because the gate Cambridge, June 7.
of the morning" is the kebla of Christian hope, inasmuch Prior, in his Life of Goldsmith, 1837, vol. I. p. 180, as the Messiah, whose symbolic name was the Orient, under the year 1755, notices, “ At Paris, Goldsmith ato arrived, at his first advent, in that region, and will return tended the lectures of Rouelle, an eminent professor of in fulfilment of prophecy on the chariots of cloud from the chemistry, who first ascertained the composition of the dia
east, for judgment; we therefore place our departed with mond by submitting it to combustion.” ED.
their heads westward, and their feet and faces towards
the eastern sky, in order that at the outshine of the last Cur moriatur homo cui salva crescit in horto ?
day, and the sound of the Archangel, they may start Why dies the man in whose garden groweth sage? from their dust, like soldiers from their sleep, and stand Can any reader of Current Notes say who was the before the Son of Man suddenly! But, wherefore is it author of this hexameter ?
then that in the dim niches of old cathedrals, or in the Downpatrick, June 4.
J. A. P. far away chancels of remote and rural churches, we
stumble upon graves which denote by the structure of INSCRIPTIONS IN BOOKS.
the tomb, or by some reversed symbol upon the stone, Such inscriptions are often very interesting. From a
that those who moulder beneath have been laid to rest tolerably rich collection in my possession, I select the
| in a position totally diverse from the usual dead? In following, from a presentation copy of Meditations and
Clovelly church not far from the Tamar spring, is an Contemplations by James HERVEY, A.B., eighth edition,
Abbot's sepulchre, and his crosier carved on the chancel
floor, lies with the head eastward, and the lower end of 1750. These “little volumes” are beautifully bound
the staff, with the feet of the dead, points towards the in old red morocco, with exquisitely tooled backs and borders :
In the transept of my own church is a priest's grave, то DR. ROBERT NESBITT,
nameless indeed, but marked by a stepped cross, that is Who is humbly desired by the Author,
laid down in the same reversed way; and there are To accept these little Volumes,
others of a similar kind in many an antique church, but As a very sincere,
all such marks distinguish and define the resting place Though inconsiderable,
of the Bishop, Abbot, or Priest, Martyr, Confessor, or Expression of his Gratitude,
early Saint. Hence a prophecy was symbolised by such For the Dr.'s generous and constant care in attending him,
a grave, and a theme of thought was buried there. The As well as eminent and successful skill in recovering him, I apostles were “ to sit on future thrones." and to assist When sick of a violent and dangerous Fever.
the judgment. The Master was to arrive for doom, On the fly-leaf of a beautiful copy of the Holy Bible, “amid his ancients gloriously.” “ The saints were to Edinburgh, printed by Evan Tyler, Printer to the King's judge the world,” there were to be servants of God, most excellent Majesty, 1649, bound in the original old whose office it should be to arise first from the dead at blue morocco, with richly gilded tooling on the back and the last day, and to accompany the Son of Man to the sides, and silver clasps, is written in a fine lady-like field of judgment. Thence arose that rubrical enact
ment for the burial of the clergy " habeant caput verSARAH ANDREW,
sus altare," and thence in contrast with the other dead, her bible, 1658.
their different position in the grave. It was to signify God tooke the Soule of my dear husband Jan. 30, 1683;
683 ; preparation and readiness to arise, and to follow after who lies buried in Ashby Church, in the south side, above their Lord in the air, when he shall arrive from the east, the door on the right hand.
and accompanied by his Saints pass onward to the west, Immediately under, with a very tremulous pen, is towards the valley of Armageddon, to make the clouds written :
his chariot, and travel on the wings of the wind. Thus, God tooke the Soule of my dear Mother, Aprill 10, 1704, in the posture of the departed multitudes, the sign is, who lies at my father's feet.
“ We look for the Son of Man,- ad Orientem Judah ;" How deeply interesting would be this notice, should
and in the attitude of his appointed witnesses, thus saith
the legend on the tomb of his priests — “ They arose and it happily meet the eye of any descendant of Sarah Andrew.
followed him." Canonbury, June 2. GEORGE DANIEL. | Morwenstow.
R. S. HAWKER.
CIRCULAR MODE OF SEPULTURE IN IRELAND.
THE SYMBOLIC HAND. In the cemetery attached to the ancient Priory church! Whence is the origin of the use of the Symbol of the of St. John, at St. John's Point, in the county of Down, Hand as implying power? A practice that appears to the cists or graves, contrary to the usual mode of lying have been general in the earliest ages, and in most east and west, here form a circle, the feet converging to countries. the centre. Similar dispositions of the dead in cists Norwich.
R. F. have been discovered in other localities in Ireland; and the earliest era of this emblem ascends into the Ogygian in the third volume of the Archæological Journal, the depths of unrecorded Time. The Pentacle, or Sigillum same has been noticed in Wales, at a place called Town Salomonis by which he ruled the demons, attests its solemn of Chapel, where it is said, in or about the year 450, a usage as a Mythic sign by that supernatural king. This great battle was fought, and many Irishmen were slain. I gravure on bis seal was a double triangle, so intersected as Downpatrick, June 4.
JAMES A. Pilson. to give out tive angular points, the Fingers of Omnipotence,
or the Hand of God. The Scutum Davidis, or heraldic
bearing of that kiny shewed six angles, to indicate by the WELSII BURIAL CUSTOM.
added point, the human nature of the Messiah, the manA SINGULAR custom is observed here of covering the hood taken into God the Trinity, as partaker of might. graves of the young and the unmarried with lime
Each of these figures survives as the carvure of a boss in thickly spread upon the top of the mound, the sides
the chancel of Morwenstow church. The hieroglyphic of being of turf. On inquiry, the clerk of the parish in
the Hand received also sanction and approval, as the Ensign
of Almighty power, from those shadowy Fingers which came formed me it was used to denote the age of the occu
forth, and moved along the wall with the legendary doom pant, the graves of those of more mature years being
of Belshazzar the king. Thus the Hand as the source of either covered with cinders, or the common mould.
Power became the signal of the gift of Power from the Llangollen, June 5.
G. oldest time till now.
R. S. HAWKER.
FRENCH MYSTERIES AND STAGE PLAYS. the following notice, which may possibly be of use to the De BeauCHAMPs, in his Recherches sur les Theatres antiquary.
de France, notices among the writers of Mysteries beLast week, as a farmer was ploughing up part of an fore the time of Jodelle, Jean du Pont-Alais, who was inclosed field near Blandford, the ploughshare struck not only the chief and manager of the players of Moagainst an earthern vessel or urn, and being quite
ralities and Farces in France, at the close of the fifteenth rotten, broke it in two. It was full of ashes and pieces century, but according to Du Verdier, was also the of human bones, among which was the head of a javelin,
author of many Mysteries, Moralities, Satires and or spear, of an uncommon fashion and size, much too Farces which were represented or recited publicly on heavy to be wielded easily by any common man, stages in Paris. He appears to have been a most exweighing thirteen pounds and a half, and measuring traordinary humourist, his repartees and manner of twenty-eight inches long, the socket being three inches delivering them procuring him admission to the first and a quarter in diameter. In the same vessel was families, among whom he appears to have been tolerated also a brass helmet, which seemed to have been curiously as a Jester. Nor was this general freedom allowed him wrought, but much decayed by time, the rust having among the more distinguished personages, but he freeaten holes through it. Its diameter was twelve inches quently had the honour of approaching the presence of and three-quarters, and weighed nearly eleven pounds. Louis XII., and his successor Francis I. Some of his
jocoseries are recorded. He was deformed, and one day
saluting a Cardinal who had the same ill fortune, so On Her Majesty's birthday, the 24th ult., the London placed himself that his back touched that of the prelate. letter-carriers appeared for the first time in their new « Monseigneur," said he, “ you see that in despite of the costume, scarlet tunic or frock coats, and on the blue proverb-- mountains may meet." collar, in worked yellow letters, G. P. O., with the num It was customary before the printing of play-bills, for ber of the individual so employed.
a player to accompany a drummer* to squares, thoroughfares and public places, make an eulogium on the piece
about to be represented, and invite the public to see it ROBERT BURNS' “ Jessy Lewars," afterwards Mrs. performed. Pont-Alais had once the audacity to cause Thomson, died at Dumfries, on Saturday 26th ult., at his drum to be beaten on a Sunday morning in sermon the advanced age of nearly eighty years.
• So in Kemp's Jig, Sly accompanies him with his drum ; On Monday, June 11, the cattle market held for and Hogarth, in nis print of the Fair, represents the centuries in Smithfield ceased; the first held in Copen- theatrical amazon beating the drum to excite an attraction hagen fields was on Friday, June 15.
I among the crowd.
time, and a new piece announced, in the open space op- Soul, and from other rituals and books of Romish devoposite the church Saint Eustace. The curate observing tion. the people in a crowd leaving the church, left the pulpit, The solitude connected with the wild bye ways, and going to the player, asked “Who made you daring through which frequently these solemn cortéges passed enough to beat your drum while I preach?” “And in their direction to some remote churchyard, generally who," replied Pont-Alais, “made you daring enough to produced a depressing sadness—an awful stillness like preach while my drum was beating ?” The unexpected that of the grave to which they were proceeding, insolence of the repartee for the moment silenced the gloomily accorded with the silent discomfiting aspect of curate, but on an application to the magistrate, Pont- these melancholy regions, where the dreary expanses of Alais was visited by six months' imprisonment.
withered heath, expressed the product of Nature as in a The persons of the troop appear to have played parts decayed and dying state, but, no sooner did the elevated and performed other menial services. The barber of position of the way side cross present itself to observation, Pont-Alais complained the parts given to him to repre- | like an object of some patient and abiding grief," than sent were too insignificant, on which the manager gave the feelings of the mourners experienced an instantaneous him that of one of the kings of the East, seated him on change, the bewailing effusions of some were renewed, a high throne, and maliciously standing behind his and the wilderness again became vocal. shoulders, repeated :
The worshipping of Crosses is supposed to have origiJe suis des moindres le mineur
nated with the anchorites of Thebais, and the other Et n'ai pas vaillant un-teston ;
ascetics of the oriental deserts, but in the mediæval Mais le roi d'Inde le majeur,
ages, they became with all orthodox Catholics, from the M'a souvent rasé le menton.
tilting Crusader to the itinerant beadsman, venerated I'm the least of the least,
objects of devotion.* Digby in his Mores Catholici, or Not a sixpence to save me;
Ages of Faith, asserts, they formed the whole Gospels in But this king of the East
one sign and character contracted, and the whole science Very often has shav'd me.
of Jesus Christ crucified,—"putrid trunks," as the folWhen Pont-Alais died is not stated; De Beauchamps
lowers of Wickliffe quaintly termed them, before which places him under 1537; why, does not appear. He is
blind multitudes prostrated themselves with as much noticed by Rabelais, but spoken of as then dead.
fervid zeal as if so many redeemers lay bleeding thereon. Such in truth was the idol worship of those vaunted
ages, when the faith in Christ attested by the lives of WAY-SIDE CROSSES. LARGE Crosses of stone were in the Catholic ages
* Britton in his Architectural Antiquities, while noticing erected by the monks on all the highways and places of the introduction of fixed crosses, remarks that representa. public resort, as confirmations of faith in the death of tions thereof were first cut on the top of single upright the Saviour ; and as if the spirit of devotion had pene- stones ; afterwards the shaft was ornamented and its sculptrated into the recesses of forests, trees from their posi- ture varied in different localities, according to the skill or tion and size were converted into similar emblems of the fancy of the person who raised it. In Scotland, Wales, sufferings of Christ. The alder, however, to so sacred a Cumberland, Cornwall, and some other English counties, distinction formed the only bar of exception, being by many of these relics of antiquity are still remaining, and the faithful traditionally believed to retain the curse of serve to show the forms and shapes generally used, and the the silver for which Judas Iscariot had sold his Lord and
ornaments most commonly applied to them. They appear Master, a tree upon which they with horror averred the
to have been erected for various purposes ; but the greater betrayer had expiated his last crime, when in despair he
part may be classed under the following heads-memorials
of designation, or boundary objects of demarcation, for hanged himself.
property, parishes, and sanctuary—sepulchral mementoes Corpses in their way to interment were rested at the
memorials of battles, murder, and fatal events-places of feet of these frail memorials of human redemption, and
public prayer and proclamation ; some were also placed by during these delays the attendants were variously em- the road side, in churchyards, in market places, at the ployed. Keeners, the hired performers of sorrow, be- junctions of three or four roads or streets, and on spots wailed in strains of professional pathos, the decease of where the body of a deceased person had halted in the way those whose lives had been marked by acts of beneficence to interment. It was a common practice for mendicants and mercy. Others, of a more humble grade, kneeled to station themselves by the side of these crosses and beg about the coffin, and silently testified their grief by alms
má silently testified their orief by alms in the name of Jesus." Notices of all these descriptions mechanically moving their lips and counting their beads. of Crosses will be found in Holland's Cruciana ; and in the
Illustrations of Stone Crosses, now in course of publication while a select few were appointed to recite dolorous
by J. H. Le Keux, containing one hundred engravings of offices, and pray for the repose of the soul of the departed.
the most interesting remains in England and Wales, which Priests also officiated at these halting places, and if the
will supply a great desideratum in archæology. Many of the defunct had been of the sacerdotal order, sang laudatory plates are already engraved, and prospectuses, by which hymns and chanted lugubrious litanies addressed to the early copies will be secured, may be had on application to Virgin and Saints, selected from the Garden of the Mr. Willis.-ED.