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and marks of wild plants. The mistake of the potter using | SIMON'S HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF IRISR COINS. C for S, often occurs on other Roman inscriptions.

1 In the library of the College of Physicians, Dublin, These pateræ and vessels are frequently discovered surrounding the urn which contained the ashes of the dead; I are deposi

are deposited three volumes of Manuscript Minutes of

From them they often occur extra menia, near Roman stations, but the Physico-Historical Society of Dublin. not being explored correctly, as chance led to the discovery, the following are extracts relative to a volume that has they have too often been smashed by the labourer's tools, | deservedly received the highest commendation. and as they seldom lay very deep in the ground, terra Monday, December 7, 1747. Mr. Simon produced an levis,* the usual order of Roman burial, with no mound of | Essay on' Irish Coins, which is referred to the perusal of earth over them, they are generally discovered broken by Dr. Corbet and Mr. Harris. the incumbent weight of cattle, carriages, etc.

| Monday, January 4, 1747-8. Mr. Harris reported, that The site at Dorchester, where the pottery was found, is

on the perusal of Mr. Simon's Account of Irish Coins by probably on the outside walls of the Station. When a l himself and the Rev. Dr. Corbet, it appeared to them worthy Roman town it was encompassed with a wall, twelve feet

of publication. thick ; on the west side some remains are still visible.

Ordered, that Mr. Simon's Account of Irish Coins be This station was founded by Vespasian on bis conquest of

published by and with the approbation of this Society. the Belgæ, and called Durnovaria, meaning the passage Monday, October 3, 1748. Ordered, that the sum of over the river.

Sis pounds eight shillings be paid to Mr. James Simon, The woodcut is executed from a private etching by for eight copper plates, for his Essay on Irish Coins. Mrs. Mary Ann Mantell.

| The very small charge of sixteen shillings for each Dorchester.

Joan GARLAND.

plate is remarkable. The Rev. Dr. Corbet was Dean

of St. Patrick's, and Mr. Harris, the editor of the valuable PRESIDENTS OF AMERICA.

edition of Sir James Ware's Historical Works. The following curious coincidences in the names and Dublin, March 14.

A.S. lives of the first seven Presidents of the United States - Washington, John Adams, Jefferson, Madison, PRE-ADAMITE PICTURES IN NATIONAL GALLERY. Monroe, John Quincy Adams, and Jackson, may in The result of the last ill-advised and most injudicious terest the readers of Current Notes.

purchase of the Krüger Collection from Minden, to Four of the seven were from Virginia. Two of the enrich our National Gallery, has been that 47 of the same name were from Massachusetts, and the seventh pictures are deemed too bad and too monstrous for was from Tennessee. All but one were sixty-six years vulgar gaze, and are consequently set aside in the vaults old on leaving office, having served two terms; and one of the building. The remaining 17, after being reof those who served but one term would have been painted and repaired, to make things pleasant, are placed sixty-six years of age at the end of another. ' Three of in one of the side rooms to excite general contempt. the seven died on the 4th day of July, and two of them | An admirer of art, on leaving the National Gallery, on the same day and year. Two of them were on the asked a friend if he had noticed the Pre-Raphaelite sub-committee of three that draughted the Declaration

pictures ? "No," said he, and on being shewn the of Independence, and these two died on the same day Krüger daubs exclaimed, “ Pre-Raphaelite! nonsense ; and year, on the anniversary of the declaration of Inde- Pre-Adamite vou m pendence, and just half a century from the day of declaration.

Polish NAMES.-In reply to C. M.'s query as to The names of three of the seven end in son, yet the pronunciation of Polish names, the following may neither of these transmitted his name to a son. In possibly aid his enquiry. respect to the names of all, it may in conclusion be. All vowels sound the same as in French and Italian, said, the initials of two of the seven were the same- every vowel being distinctly pronounced, and there are and of two others that they were the same-and the no diphthongs. The consonants are the same as in English, initials of still two others were the same. The remain- excepting the following. C sounds like tz and nurck, ing one in this particular-WASHINGTON-stands also thus Pac is pronounced Patz. Ch like the Greek x, alone in the love and admiration of his countrymen and thus Lech, as Lek. Cx like the English tch in pitch, the civilized world. Of the first five, one only had a thus Czartoryski is pronounced Tchartoriski. G sounds son, and that son was also President.

the same as in Gibbon, thus is pronounced Oginski. Another curious fact may be mentioned in this con- Rz like j in je, with a slight sound of r, thus Rzewaski nection-neither of the Presidents who had sons was is pronounced Rjevuski. Sz is sounded like sh in the elected for the second term.

word shape, thus Staszkyc is pronounced Stashytz. The granddaughter of Thomas Jefferson is now teach Szcz is sounded like Shtch, thus the word Szcerbiec is ing in a school in the city of Washington.

pronounced Shtcherbietz. W at the beginning of a

word is sounded as a v, and in the middle or at the end • So the common sepulchral inscription used among the

of a word as f, thus in the former case Warsaw is proRomans stt L, the second t being sometimes a diphthong

nounced Varsafa; and in the latter sense Narew as T E, implying SIT TIBI TERRA LEVIS, or as Byron poeti

Naref. cally expresses it, “ Light be the turf of thy Tomb."

CLEVER,- This word, besides its, legitimate sense, ' THE LOST SURVEY OF SEBASTOPOL.- The possession has two provincial uses. In East Norfolk, it denotes of the Crimea is not a very modern idea; to the antients honesty and integrity. Thus, a clever man does not it was considered a valuable acquisition, but in the mean skilful, but honest and respectable.

middle ages it was lost sight of. About the year 1780 The epithet, in Lancashire, is not applied to either the Russians, under Catherine II., began to see its mental or moral qualities, but to the body, and denotes a importance: for twenty years, however, they did little stout, athletic man. Thus, persons of portly build may towards securing its coasts against the Turks, by whom overhear the natives observe, “ Theer's a cliver chap,'' | it had lately been conceded. and entertain a tolerably good opinion of their In Dr. E. D. Clarke's Travels through Russia, Turnatural acuteness, unless kindly undeceived by some key, etc. vol. 1. ch. 20, p. 488, etc. FIRST EDITION, 4to. friend more conversant with the peculiar sense in which there is the best account of the whole country as the word is used among the Lancashire witches.

to climate, and the productions, anywhere to be met with: he was much assisted by the late Reginald Heber,

afterwards Bishop of Calcutta. PRESCOTT, THE HISTORIAN. - A correspondent to the

When the Emperor Paul allied Russia with France Boston (American) Journal of Commerce, forwards the in the war against England in 1801, it was much more following agreeable communication

important to England to drive the French out of Egypt The numerous readers of the charming histories of Mr. | than to attack the Russians in the Crimea, which was William II. Prescott, may be glad, to hear a word of the then almost defenceless. historian himself. He appears daily in our streets, and Dr. Clarke had obtained an accurate survey of the may be often seen taking long walks for the preservation of coast, with all the soundings in the port of Aktiar, his health. He is now at his winter's residence, on Beacon since called Sebastopol; and the entrance to the roads, street, where he spends about nine months of the year. as well as the situation and quality of the magazines, The other three months he has generally spent at Nahant

artillery and storehouses. This document he presented and Pepperell, at both of which places he has country seats

both to the then British Ambassador in Constantinople most congenial to the pursuits of an author.

and to Lord Keith, the Commander of our fleet there, Mr. Prescott is as systematic in his daily studies as any Boston merchant, and as great a miser of the minutes. As

but it was not made use of. It was confided to Dr. many have learned, he was so unfortunate as to lose one of

Clarke's care by one who wished well to the British his eyes while in Harvard College. By this loss, the other interest : Heber says he was an Englishman settled at eye became weakened through over-work, so that, practi- | Aktiar. This important survey Dr. Clarke brought cally, he has written his histories as the blind write, or with away, he says, at the hazard of his life. an apparatus such as they use. And yet he has scarcely The affairs in Egypt occupied us too long to turn our the appearance of any difficulty of sight, but recognizes his views elsewhere at that time. friends in the street with that single faithful eye.

Dr. Clarke therefore “ deposited the papers in the When engaged in writing, Mr. Prescott, writes rapidly, “ Admiralty office, and engraved only the principal averaging about seven of the printed pages of his volume" Chart for his work." daily. His secretary copies his manuscript in a good plain 18 manuscript in a good plain

In every subsequent edition of his travels, Dr. Clarke hand for the printem hand for the printer. He is now diligently composing a history of Pbilip II. His private library is very valuable, | omitted this portion of the note I have above transcribed. particularly in the department of the subjects of his present

without giving any reason for it. Could it be owing to and past investigations. His library contains nearly six

his having been appointed “ Historiographer to the thousand volumes. It is a picture of a room, that the pro- | Admiralty," and that they wished this fact to be kept prietor bad constructed for his special use, as he did his / a secret ? study, some distance above it towards the heavens, where I hope you will extend your “Queries," to find out his beautiful compositions are produced.

this important document, which might acquaint the That Mr. Prescott, with his physical embarrassments, has | public how careless and ignorant our officials are, high accomplished so much towards forming an American stan

and low, of what is committed to their custody : our dard literature is quite a marvel. Another wonder is, that

expedition to the Crimea was sent out without knowing though he has been confined to his books and his study for

where it was to land, and it is now wofully proved with forty years, as closely as the monk to his cloister, he has

out the least notion of the difficulties of that country. nothing of the scholastic manner, but the ease and polish of a gentleman wholly in society.

Clarke's Travels is the best work published within the last half century, but is ungratefully forgotten ;

Murray's Hand-Book of Turkey is the work referred to HIGHLAND WIves. Shortly after the battle of Bala- | by our high officials, and they thus pretend to know klava, in which the Scots Greys and the Highlanders everything almost by intuition. were prominently concerned ; Sir Colin Campbell proceeded to meet a flag of truce from the Russians, when

Delirunt Reges plectuntur Achivi. he was asked, who the people were who fought in petti March 17.

T. F. G. coats. He replied, they were the wives of the men who rode the grey-horses !

tice.

CHURCHYARDS.–Whence arose the practice of bury- | PREPAID ENVELOPES AND RECEIVING BOXES. ing suicides, or those who met with a violent death, ! On the 5th inst.. the writer noticed the placing an those who died in a questionable accordance with the

he

iron receiv;

iron receiving pillar-box for letters to be forwarded by sanctity of the Church, as also the unfortunate and the the postal authorities, in Fleet Street, at the corner of poor, in what was termed the unhallowed part of the

wea part of the Farringdon Street, and on the 6th, another in the churchyard? I have read it was on the north side ; was Strand

Strand, at the corner of Norfolk Street. This was, it always so ? Chester, March 8.

SPES.

more than two centuries since, the custom in the French

metropolis. Early in the reign of Louis XIV., M. de Unhallowed is possibly not altogether a correct appella- | Velayer, with the king's approbation, established in tion. The common entrance into churches was usually | 1653, a private penny-post, placing boxes at the corners either at the west end, or on the south side; and as most of the streets for the reception of letters wrapped in altar-tombs or other mementoes of the departed in the

e prepaid envelopes, which were sold at offices established churchyards, when Papacy was dominant, enjoined the

for that purpose, and whence dates the origin of prepaid praying for the dead and for the quiet of their souls, a custom which was believed to be very efficacious, the appeal

eat postage envelopes, by many believed to be a new practo the devout was followed by the ejaculation and the bene- tic diction; while those buried on the north side of the church

M. de Velayer, to assist communication between being beyond the pathway to the church escaped notice. persons among whom the inditing of letters was a and their graves in no way denoted, their place of sepul matter of some difficulty, originated also certain forms of ture rarely obtained the expiatorial prayers of the passer billets or notes applicable to the ordinary business reby-they were mingled with their parent earth unblessed quirements, with blanks which were to be filled in by and unheeded.

the pen with such special words as would complete the

writer's object. One of these billets has reached our J. C. D., Current Notes, p. 14, will find the lines time by a humourous misapplication of its purpose. commencing “But Words are Things," in Byron's Pelisson, well known as the friend of Madame de Don Juan, canto III. stanza 88.

Sévigné, and the object of the bon-mut that, from his Birmingham, Feb. 26.

Este.

very unhandsome face," he abused the privilege which To R. B. we are indebted for the same reference. men have of being ugly;" being amused at this kind of

skeleton correspondence, he, in accordance with the The following beautiful lines were presented in 1648, pedantic fashion of the day, addressed one of these formis with an Indian perfume box, to MARIE DE MANCINI. to the celebrated Mademoiselle de Scuderi, in her The Florence rose is fresh and fair,

pseudonyme of Sappho; under the affected name of And rich the young Carnation's glow,

Pisandre. From the celebrity of the parties, this Wreathing in Beauty's ebon hair,

strange billet-doux has been preserved and is yet exOr lying on her breast of snow :

tant; one of the oldest, it may be presumed, of penny But only Violet shall twine

post letters, and an interesting example of a prepaid Thy ebon tresses, Lady mine!

envelope, verifying the adage, “there is nothing new Oh ! dazzling shines the noon-day sun,

under the sun."
So kingly in his golden car;
But sweeter 'tis when day is done,
To watch the ev'ning's dewy star,

EASTER COURT FROLICS.
In silence lighting field and grove,

The Cottonian MS. Nero C.viii., in the British Mu-
How like my heart, how like my love!

seum, records among other payments ; March 27, 1311, Then Lady, lowly at thy feet,

4 Edward II., “To Sir Nicholas de Beche, Sir HumI lay this gift of memory;

phrey de Luttlebury, and Sir Thomas de Latimer, for All strange and rude, but treasures sweet

dragging the King out of bed, on Easter Monday, 201." Within its gloomy bosom lie;

Trifles MARIE, may tell the tale,
When wisdom, wit, and courage fail.

English EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE.

Pulci. I Considering only the Epistolary language, the EngI transcribed these lines on the continent from a lish have nothing comparable with the letters of Madame manuscript volume of verses ; of course the reputed de Sévigné. The letters of Pope, Swift, Arbuthnot, Bowriter is not to be confounded with either the Barnard, / lingbroke, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, and lastly, Luca, or Luigi Pulci of the fifteenth century, the last those of Junius, which are supposed to be by Sir Philip named being the author of the Morgante Maggiore ; Francis, are works, not letters: they are all more or less but having failed to discover the Italian original, or to like the letters of the Younger Pliny, and of Voiture. have seen a printed version of the translation ; may I For my own part, I should prefer to them, a few letters ask, can any correspondent of Current Notes point of the unfortunate Lord William Russell, of Lady Russell, to where the original lines are to be found.

of Miss Anna Seward, and the little that we know of Rammerscales, March 1. W. B. M. | the letters of Lord Byron.

Chateaubriand.

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No. LII.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive.”-SHAKESPEARE.

[APRIL, 1855.

CORRESPONDENCE OF MARIE ANTOINETTE. Currer Bell.-Mrs. Nichol, formerly Miss Bronté, Can any of your readers give me information respect

on respect, the last survivor of a family of six, died at her father's ing “ Les Correspondances de Marie Antoinette,"

te house at Haworth, in Yorkshire, on Saturday, March which, according to Madame Campan, were in 1792 sent

31. Under the nom de plume of CURRER Bell, she out of France? That these papers were of great value,

established a lasting reputation as the authoress of Jane or very sacred in the Queen's eyes, may be inferred from

Eyre. There are also two other Novels from her pen, their having been rescued from the fate which the others

entitled Shirley, and Villette, which like the former are underwent after the sad June 20, of that year. I

especially distinguished by great power of conception, believe the report of these papers having been sent to

and vigorous pourtrayal of character. England to be well authenticated ; at all events, it is generally received as true, in this country and in France. I had an assurance of its truth from a lady, who was educated by Madame Campan, and became afterwards

THE SEVEN WHISTLERS. Lectrice to the Empress Marie Louise; she had heard

In reference to this very popular Leicestershire suMadame Campan frequently relate the circumstances. I perstition, the following paragraph has appeared in a

This precious deposit is reported to be quietly reposing local paper : in the British Museum- the authorities, however, deny On Friday, the 16th inst., a collier was making holiday all knowledge of it, and I do not see why their word | in the Market place in this town (Coalville), and was asked should be called in question. There are others who say, by a tradesman, why he was not at his usual work. The that it is in the hands of Monsieur Feuillet de Conches, reply he made was, that none of the men had gone to work Master of Ceremonies to Louis XVIII., and now filling on that day because they had heard the Seven Whistlers, a similar post in the household of the Emperor of the which he said were birds sent by Providence to warn them French. This latter opinion has weight with me; for

of an impending danger, and that when they heard that I had my information from a distinguished foreign am

signal not a man would go down the pit until the following bassador, and I know Mons. Feuillet to be a collector

day. Upon the tradesman's suggesting that the colliers of historical documents connected with the Revolution.

account might all be traced to superstition, the poor collier

was offended to find his story called in question, and asThe private correspondence of the Duke of Dorset

sured the tradesman that the warning was always to be would furnish a key to much of the little understood

depended upon, for that on two occasions previous to last policy of Louis XVI.; but what has become of it, for it Friday, when the Seven Whistlers were heard, some colis not now in the archives of Knowle Park, where his liers foolishly descended the pit, and two lives were lost on Grace died ? Lord Whitworth's letters, after his transfer each occasion. to Paris, are not to be found, and I have failed to dis- Respecting the prevalence of this imposing supersticover a trace of those that passed between St. Peters- tion among the colliers in this neighbourhood, I have burg and Paris, from M. Whitworth to the Duke of made enquiries of a legal friend, whose official duties Dorset, and vice versa. The Count de Fersen's letters bring him in frequent contact with them. He informs are extant somewhere. I have been told they are at me, that it is very generally entertained and believed Vienna in the hands of Count Schulenberg. Those of by them, but that when trade is brisk, and money among the great Franklin are now in the course of publication, them plentiful, disposing them for a drinking frolic, they as a supplement to his works and correspondence, which are then far more apt to hear the warning voice of the have already been given to the public; they were acci- Seven Whistlers, than when less favourably situated. dentally discovered in a tailor's shop, by the gentleman I shall be glad to be informed whether this superstiI believe, who so worthily represents in this country the tion prevails in other colliery districts, which I suppose Smithsonian Institution in the United States.

to be the case, although I do not find it noticed by J. L. Brand.

Leicester, March 27. William KELLY.

GLAMIS.–Our correspondent having recently visited

The Editor having written on this subject to a friend, Glainis Castle, on comparing the woodcut, Current

was favoured with the following reply: Notes, p. 20, with the original, finds he had omitted in

I have made several enquiries amongst the coal miners his sketch, a line attached to the K, which if shown as in the Newcastle, Northumberland and Durham coal disin the lower part of the E would form an L, and thus also tricts, none of whom can call to mind anything of the sort. express in addition the surname of Lyon.

High Street, Gateshi ad, April 2. Joun BELL. VOL. y.

E

MONASTIC CELI. LAMP.

and the musical performances at Covent Garden in that ABBOTSBURY, once a town, is a village about ten of 1762-3. The fact is, the reverses at Drury Lane permiles from Dorchester, and eight from Weymouth, onceptibly commenced in the season that ended in June, the coast near that singular natural bank, called the 1760, and continued to the close of that in 1763, wheri pebble beach, which extends from Portland, and between the profits were found to be much less than in any of which and the shore is an estuary or fleet in which the the preceding years, and Garrick wisely left London for sea ebbs and flows. This place is now remarkable only the continent in September, 1763. The song has all for its swannery, the property of the Earl of Ilchester, the racy whim of that luckless wight George Alexander who has a seat near to it, and is the Lord of the Manor. Stevens, and was probably written by him. Here, however, was once a monastery, founded by

NANCY DAWSON. Orcus, or Urkus, steward to King Canute. Many por

Of all the girls in our town, tions in a ruined state remain, but the chapel, named The black, the fair, the red, the brown, St. Catherine's Chapel, a graceful and very perfect Who dance and prance it up and down; building, is yet extant, situated on the summit of a very

There's none like NANCY DAWSON ! high bill, designated Chapel Hill. In a corner of this Her easy mien, her shape so neat, chapel is a stone to which is attached the legendary She foots, she trips, she looks so sweet, belief, that any young person who kneels upon it, and Her ev'ry motion is completewishes for his or her sweetheart, marriage in a short

I die for Nancy DAWSON ! time will ensue

See how she comes to give surprise, In or about 1823 or 1824, the Rev. - Barker, With joy and pleasure in her eyes; Vicar of Abbotsbury, discovered in the cottage of an old

To give delight she always tries, woman, then nearly a hundred years old, the lamp of

So means my NANCY Dawson. which this is a representation.

Was there no task ť obstruct the way,

No Shuter droll, nor house so gay, It is of thin copper about the fourth

A bet of fifty pounds l'll lay, of an inch in thickness, and about alles

That I gain'd NANCY Dawson. three inches in diameter, the handle being about four inches high. The

See how the Op'ra takes a run,

Exceeding Hamlet, Lear, or Lun, edges of the square are partly broken ;

Though in it there would be no fun, the cross and circular holes appear to

Was 't not for NANCY Dawson. have been punched out of the metal.

Tho' Beard and Brent charm ev'ry night, The whole is of rude fabric, and in the

And female Peachum's justly right, bowl or pan, some material for yielding

And Filch and Lockit please the sight, light is still remaining. The old wo

'Tis crown'd by NANCY DAWSON. man on being questioned, stated “it

See little Davy strut and puff, was something out of the old Abbey,

“ P— on the Op'ra and such stuff, that was used in the cloisters," and was found by her

My house is never full enough. in the ruins.

A curse on NANCY DAWSON !" It is now in the possession of Mr. Barker's daughter,

Though Garrick he has had his day, the wife of the Rev. J. Foster, Rector of Winterborne

And forc'd the Town his laws t'obey; Monkton, near Dorchester. Can any reader of Current

Now Johnny Rich is come in play, Notes add any further illustration in reference to this

With help of NANCY Dawson. “ light of other days ?Dorchester, April 5.

John GARLAND.

• Johnny Rich alias Harlequin Lun, resided at this time in the eastern arcade, or piazza as it is commonly termed,

in Covent Garden, in the house next to the Bedford Arms NANCY Dawson.-In Current Notes, 1853, p. 72, is | Hotel. It was formerly the residence of Sir Godfrey Knelan enquiry by W. F., for the words of the song entitled, ler, whose garden extended to that of Dr. Radcliffe, who “Nancy Dawson,' to the tune of which many others then lived in Bow Street, in the house now the Magistrate's have been since written, It appears to have escaped Office. Sir Godfrey, a great admirer of flowers, paid notice, that the song is printed in Harrison's Vocal particular attention to the floral beauties of his garden, but Magazine, 1781, p. 67 ; and from the allusion in the found that the Doctor's servants sometimes made their way text to have reference to the memorably successful in by a door in the wall, and deprived him of many choice season at Covent Garden, Sept. 1759-May, 1760.

NOV 1760 flowers : of this, having several times but ineffectually com

plained to Dr. Radcliffe, Sir Godfrey sent him word, that On October 10, Miss Brent made her debut as Polly, in

though unwilling to do an uncivil thing, he should in his the Beggars' Opera, with so much eclat, that it was

own defence nail up the door-way between them. Dr. Radperformed on nearly forty successive nights, while at cliffe, who perhaps thought it beneath him to notice these Drury Lane, Garrick played to literally empty houses. squabbles, replied, Sir Godfrey might do as be pleased proDavies erroneously attributes Garrick's seceding from vided he did not paint the door. “Ah! ah!" retorted the stage for a time previous to the commencement of Kneller, “go tell my goot friend the Doctor, I will take the scason, 1763-4, to the attractions of Miss Brent, any thing from him but his physic."

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