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Resolved, That the common practice of build. The celebrations as a whole, have been such. ing school.houses in the corners, and at the as to furnish the clearest proof that Chautau. sides of streets, without play.grounds, shade or que county is moving onward, right onward in shrubbery, is prejudicial to health, improvement the education of the youth. Many good teachof the mind, and the attainment of a correct taste ers and excellent schools, from various causes, and calls loudly for reform.

were not able to attend them. It is confidently Resolved, That we regard the District School hoped that doubts are now so far removed, as to Journal as an invaluable medium of information the utility of town celebrations, that no teacher on the subject of popular education, richly mer. nor parent will withhold his 'influence from iting the patronage of superintendents, teachers, this great' means of speeding the cause of Uniand friends of education ; and we pledge our versal education. The town superintendents selves to do all in our power to extend its circu. have done good and faithful services in, and in lation, especially among teachers:

preparations for these celebrations. The cele. Resolved, That teachers' institutes are well brations themselves have testified strongly to calculated to improve our common school system, their credit. The teachers and other active and and that we should exert ourselves to secure a excellent friends to education, in the several general attendance of teachers.

towns, have contributed largely to the extenR. H. SPENCER, Ch'n. sive preparations made for the “Celebration M. H. WYGANT, Sec'y.

Day." In behalf of the schools of this coun.

ty, the writer tenders grateful thanks to the CHAUTAUQUE.

clergymen, parents and gentlemen in attendance Mr. Dwight-Dear Sir: Before commencing upon the interesting occasions. the visitation of the summer schools of Chau. Nearly all of the towns at the celebrations tauque, I take an opportunity of giving you a passed å resolution, (the schools, teachers and hint of what we have been doing in this county, parents voting,) that that town should be the the past winter, in the great and good cause of best in the county for good common schools. education. In endeavoring to perform the many The scholars at each celebration, by way of and arduous duties, connected with my large field challenge, resolved to try to beat some other of labor, I have not found leisure to write as town, in learning fast and remembering well; much as I have desired for your excellent Jour. in good deportment, in and out of school; in nal; but I ask pardon for what may seem a ne. reading the most library books, and in remem. glect, and promise that you shall hear from me bering what they read the best.”. These chalmore frequently in the future.

lenges were returned by that other town, and At the opening of the winter visitation, I gave also sent to another, in a friendly spirit of good notice that I should not attempt to reach any humored firmness. more schools than I could visit thoroughly, and The writer has endeavored in these celebra. that I would devote my time, night and day, tions to impress upon the parent, and the public to the advancement of the cause of education mind, the absolute necessiiy of a moral, intellecin the county. My plan was, that after the daily tual and physical education of the youth. He visitation of the schools, to address parents, has endeavored to give the faithful and success. teachers and scholars in the evening. Accor- ful teacher that standing in society which has too dingly, I gave notice daily that I would spend long been denied him, and to make the scholar the evening at the school house, and talk to the wiser and happier, by pointing him up the Hill public upon the subject of common schools. of Science" to the Temple of Fame." Partic. Determined as I was, to use my whole time, and ular encouragement and approbation have been embrace every opportunity in endeavoring to do given to the small and hitherto backward school, good in the great work, I advertised in dis- that appeared at the celebration, and struggled tricts where little interest was felt, that if to compete with the school of greater opportu. my audience consisted of one child only, Inities. In short, the writer has tried to do his would try to make that child wiser and better; duty as county superintendent, nor will he fail and if not one person attended as a hearer, I to try, while the youth of Chautauque county would lecture to myself for my own improve are his charge, education his cause, and human ment. But I am happy to say that the teachers improvement the end to be attained. Will not and scholars attended always, and the parents the county adopt for its motto--"Chautauque generally; the districts manisesting an interest, will educate all her youth!during the winter visitation, in the cause of in.

WORTHY PUTNAM, tellectual improvement, cordial and heart.

Co. Supt. cheering to every true friend of education. Sinclearville, March, 1815.

The month of February was devoted by the writer to holding town celebrations throughout

NOTICE. the county. Although very many doubted their The connty of Cattaraugus is hereby chal. utility, and strongly opposed the idea, yet it was lenged to compete with Chautauque, particularly believed that the celebration needed only to be in neatly made writing books and in penmanship, tested to be approved; and accordingly they were in good reading, composition and declamation, appointed in the twenty-four towns, and held and in a good knowledge of the sciences gene. in nearly all. The impulse they have given rally. Teachers and scholars of Chautauque, to the cause of common school education in do you hear that? Your motto is, “We'll Try." Chautauque, the parent, the teacher and scholar

W. PUTNAM, Co. Supt. can bear witness. A detailed account of them, as held in the several towns, and published

DUTCHESS. in the Fredonia Censor, I have already forwar. Mr. Dwight:-Believing that the friends of

education should make each other acquainted,

ded you.

through the Journal, with the progress of the COMMON SCHOOL CELEBRATIONS ON cause in the various sections of the state, I send

THE FOURTH OF JULY. you a brief sketch for publication. You are aware that in Dutchess county we have been somewhat tardy in getting up meetings of the These celebrations have been held in every schools, or "school celebrations." Last winter part of the state and have attracted great atten. it was determined to make the attempt, in a few tion. A journal might be filled with the descrip. of the towns. So far as my information ex. tends, the results have been most happy. The tions of the brilliant scenes and eloquent address"ice" is now broken; and if we only exhibit a es which fill the columns of the county papers. little perseverance and firmness, the common From Baldwinsville, Onondaga county ; New school cause will receive a powerful impulse from the continuance of such meetings.

Fane, Niagara ; 'and Westchester, we have re. It is my province to speak more particularly ceived interesting notices of the day, which we of the celebration in this town; leaving to oth hope to find room for in a future number. ers the pleasing task of publishing, if they are so disposed, notices of those meetings in which

ESSEX they were more immediately interested. Our FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION. meeting was held on the 5th of March. But The late anniversary of our national independence four schools, numbering in all about eighty pu.

was celebrated in Wesiport village by the friends of ed. pils, joined in the celebration. The early part ucation, in assembling the common schools of the seveof the day was rainy, which made it late before examination, to listen to an address and other exerthe exercises commenced. Half an hour was al. cises appropriate for the day and occasion. lotted to the examination of each school, by its At hali.past 10, the different schools, preceded by their own teacher. Teachers and scholars acquitted entered the church and occupied the body slips, while

teachers, and with appropriate and ingenious banners, themselves well. Declamation and singing, by the remainder were filled by their parents and friends. the children, formed part of the exercises. The After the singing of a patriotic ode by the children, county superintendent, H. H. Ingraham, delive and prayer, together with the reading of the Declaration ered a good address. The audience were grati. livered by President WHEELER, of the University of Ver.

of Independence by Judge Aikens, an address was defied with the performances; and the hope was mont. The speaker, though evidently unprepared for expressed that, although this meeting was the the occasion, and wholly ignorant of the character of first, it might not be the last of the kind held in the assemblage he was to address, entered fully into the this place. We think of making another at feelings the occasion was calculated to inspire, and rive

ted the attention of his audience for the period of an tempt next fall; and it is hoped that a larger num. hour and a half by a chaste and eloquent appeal in beber of schools will be in attendance.

half of rational liberty and the general diffusion of Teachers in this town have often been urged perpetuating it—as the only means for sustaining those

knowledge, as the best human means for securing and to close their terms with public examinations, civil and political institutions which are at once the held in the school-house. The practice is gain ground of our individual happiness and national glory. ing ground. I have attended two such exami. After an exordium, fraught with strikingly forcible re:

marks on the importance of, and the difficulties in the nations this spring, and both of them passed off way of informing the common mind, particularly of a well. The first was that of Morgan Washburn, want of intelligent co-operation on the part of parents teacher in district No, 10. Besides examination and others in withholding fostering influences from the in the usual branches, the children gave us a subject to be education, as the rest and basis of our free

seminaries of learning in the land, he announced his specimen of their attainments in vocal music. institutions, and both as the common. Offspring of ProSeveral pieces of prose, poetry and dialogue testant christianity. His theme was a noble one, and were spoken in good style. Parents and the in. well wortby the attention of an enlightened and free habitants of the districi generally were present, index of the intellectual power of the fathers of our

people, on a day which, while it comes and goes, as an and were delighted with the performances of the country, should also be viewed by them as the periodi. children. Indeed the room was a little crowd. cal return of the genius of liberty, with the expectation ed. But that difficulty would be obviated if the that each of its successive visits should find this great good people would tear down the old house and moral culture and political progress. By a variety of build a new one, a little larger. They will do facts shown from our national history, the learning and it before long; though, to tell the truth, the piety of the puritan fathers, and from the lives of the house is as good as thousands of others in differ. prominent characters of the great religious reforma

Lion, such as Martin Luther, Wickliff, Reuchlin, Huss, ent parts of the state.

Erasmus and others, who, three centuries ago, origina. The other examination was that of Levi Hub. ted and achieved one of the greatest revolutions ever bell, teacher in No. 8. The rain fell freely in effected in human affairs-by commenting upon the ex. the afternoon and evening; but the undaunted guished actors, and those of many others, whose influ. scholars were at their posts. The evening was ence has been most felt in giving a higher tone of mor. devoted to public speaking, by the pupils; and a

als and manners to the age in which they lived-the or. considerable audience, particularly ladies, came intelligence, but of that exalted culture wbich has ren

ator sought to enforce not only the necessity of general to hear the young orators. So large an assem. dered ihe distinguished reformers, both in religion and blage, on such a night, was proof that the com- politics, sufficient for the great work allotted themmon school cause has some spirited friends in that of combating and overthrowing the false pbiloso

phy of the times, and of re-organizing society by means that vicinity. I regretted that it was not conve

of a more perfect arrangement, under higher institutions. nient for the trustees to attend.

While on this part of the subject, a fact was stated,

which is certainly worthy of notice, especially by those A. R. M'CORD, who unwisely oppose the interests of the higher instiTown Superintendent.

tutions of learning in our country. It was this: That

with hardly an individual exception, those distinguished La Grange, Dutchess Co., April 220, 1845. leaders of the Protestant reformation, whose names I

have given, together with others who acted a no less conspicuous parl, were men who had availed themselves

of the advantagos afforded in the highest universities usefulness, and have exerted an extended influence for of Europe; as the result of which, and their own untir- good and not for evil. ing efforts, many of them arose to be the brightest stars In view of this, there are those in this community, as in ihe galaxy of European scholars and divines. Reuch: well as in all others, to whom it might be proper to relin, for instance, was hardly twenty when he taught peat the advice once given by a clergyman of our day.. Philosophy and Greek and Latin at Bale, at a time too "Look to it that thou doest thy duty to those thou seek. (says D'Aubigne, in his inimitable history of the refor. est to direct; for remember-ihe manners, minds and mation) when it was accounted almost a miracle that hearts of deathless beings are invaluable materials." a German should speak Greek. Erasmus too, who, (as the same historian informs us) although he never

LEWIS. was, nor never could be a reformer, still prepared the way for others, and that too by a life of the severest

GENTLEMEN.--I have just finished an inspec. study, occupying successively the position of teacher tion lour through the county i and though I was in the university at Oxford and at Bale, preferring al: unable, even with the co-operation of the town fort, to a life of luxury and favor in the splendid courts superintendents to assemble more than twoof Charles V., of Henry VIII. and Francis 1., or even to thirds of the number of leachers to be licensed encircling his head with the cardinal's hat, which was of- for the ensuing term-yet the effect of bringing. fered him." The great maxim of Erasmus was, "Give sixty together, and of considering, in connection this principle he acted, and in view of this he lived and with the examination on different branches, the labored. We might speak also of the scholastic attain. | improved methods of instruction, the evils to be ments of Wickliffe and Huss, and of that greatest of all remedied, the obstacles to be overcome, and the reformers, Martin Luther; but our limits will not ad.

true objects of pursuit by the district school tea. mit. Suffice it to say, that a sufficient number of such examples were referred to in the address, to establish cher, will, I trust, be clearly perceptible in the fully the position, that all the great schemes of social increased assiduity, and in the systematic and well and political advancement must rely mainly for their directed efforts of the summer teachers. consummation upon the efforts of those, who, by a long and rigid course of mental training, are prepared to see

This is the first opportunity afforded me for the future in the present and pasi, and by thus "look" determining, with any accuracy, the progress ing through the vicissitudes of coming years, be the of our teaahers: It is the first time they have wise men of their times."

appeared before me for a second examination, President Wheeler investigated with clearness also and I am happy to say that the evidences which the various conditions which governments must observe, to the end that peace, prosperity and order may many gave of marked improvement, increased result, and abide with those over whom they are insti- confidence and determination, and strengthened cured. The secret springs of society

were disclosed, hope were highly credi'able to them, and encour. and the audience were made to see and appreciate more fully the causes and processes by which and aging to the friends of educa‘ion. Many have through which nations arise to the possession of sub- expended their earnings in attending the acadestantial wisdom, and consequently to true, rational my or select school, while others have applied freedom, or siuk by becoming the slaves of tyrants and themselves with singular devotion and great suc. the victims of superstition.

The bearings and relations of the several professions cess to self-instruction ; and the increased de. were detailed with a master hand, and their existence mand for good teachers, the numerous applica shown to be indispensable to the well being of society. tions made to those of 'reputed excellence, and The higher branches of education were introduced, as the general advance of wages, seem to presage exercising a progressive and conservative influence on the mass, and to this and not to the misdirected efforts

the speedy advent of a time, when the worth of of an ignorant populace (it was shown) are we indebted an accomplished and devoted teacher, shall be for all that we possess of national importance and ra. appreciated and acknowledged, and his services tional freedom. Throughout the whole the importance of vital reli

requited by an adequate reward. gion was urged, and its existence proved to be the con

There is a class of teachers, however, that dition of all substantial, moral or mental progress in

seems to shun, most studiously, the appointed

days of inspection. Last spring the drills were This position was illustrated and enforced by the high held earlier in the season, and many teachers growth in all the arts of civilized life, in industry, sci-urged as an excuse for non-attendance, that they ence and letters-all of which results were justly re. had not taken schools. This spring reveals a ferred to the perpetual possession of the spirit of that great revolu'ion of sentiment in this respect, the simple rites of that holy religion which

the pilgrim fath. same teachers seeming deeply impressed with the ers brought from a foreign shore-which they held as necessity of having certificates before engaging their richest treasure in life, and the choicest legacy schools, and have prevailed on the superinten. they had to leave to their children that were to come dents in some instances to anticipate the concer.after them. In conclusion, the speaker directed our attention to

ted examinations. Whether it is aversion to the the feelings we ought to exercise towards God, in view county superintendent or consciousness of inof the exalted position we occupy, and for the peculiar competency, or fear of being required to depart privileges we enjoy in this age and country, and urged from some of the usages of their grandfathers, upon all the necessity of continuing faithfully to in teaching, which they seem pertinaciously to instruct the rising generation, as the only hope of our country and the world.

follow, I will not presume to say ; but I think An enlarged and liberal view was this; and how wide. they incur suspicion of indifference to the wel. 19 different from that contracted and false philosophy, fare of our schools, in thus refusing to aid in a schemes for the training up of the children about him in plan where economy and usefulness are so man. knowledge and virtue-detract from that dignity which ifestly combined. In some of the towns, the su. he should maintain! For the child” is truly and em. perintendents refused to grant licences before the withered and died in the crevice of a barren rock, had appointed day, and made most commendable ex. it only found an early lodgment in a deep and fruitful ertions to secure at that time a general atten. soil might have struck its roots into the earth and sent dance. This was the case in Martinsburgh, forth a shoot, whose branches the tempests of heaven West-Turin, Watson, Croghan, and Denmark. for ages afterward would assail, only to wave them into With a little perseverance and harmonious efforts beauty, or rock them into strength. So the child, who, for want of proper training, is growing up to dishonor among the superintendents, I believe the teachers his Maker and contaminate society, under other influ. of a town may be assembled, on a given day, for ences might have arisen to occupy posts of eminent inspection ; and it will be much more beneficial,

the race.

and less expensive than individual examinations.

(For the District School Journal.] I send you seventeen new subscribers for the Jour.

RENSSELAER. nal, nearly all teachers; another assurance that

TROY TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. they are deeply imbued with the spirit of im.

At a meeting of the Troy Teachers' Associa. provement; and are striving for the first rank in tion, held May 10th, 1843, the following resoluthe teachers' corps.

tions were unanimously adopted; and, on mo. Respectfully yours,

tion, it was resolved that they be published in SIDNEY SYLVESTER.

the District School Journal.

Resolved, That the profession of teaching is ORLEANS.

one of great responsibility, and second to none SCHOOL CONVENTION.

in the amount of its influence on society. The Association of Teachers and friends of

Resolved, That its pecuniary rewards should education met pursuant to adjournment, at Al be such as to secure as much as possible ability bion, Orleans county, March ist, 1845. N. W. devotedness to the work.

and permanency in the profession, and entire Butts was appointed chairman. A committee on resolutions was then appointed, consisting of

Resolved, That parents and the friends of edu. E. K. Gardner, Abel R. Stitson, John P. cation can greatly increase the teacher's useful

ness by their aid and co-operation. Church, Jay Smith and 0. D. Griswold. The convention then adjourned to 1 o'clock.

Resolved, That so far as pupils fail of self

control, the authority to control rests with the ONE O'CLOCK P. M.

teacher, and he is guilty of high dereliction of Convention was called to order by the chair. duty it 'he fail to exercise it. That while he E. K. Gardner, chairman of the committee on should maintain order with all possible mildness, resolutions, reported. The report was accepted, there are cases in which the judicious or proper and the following resolutions were adopted, af use of the rod is consistent with real kindness to ter they were ably discussed.

the scholar, with the best interests of society, 1st. Resolved, That we consider the Town and with the strictest principles of rational nature, County Associations one of the most effective and, above all, with the immutable dictates of means of creating an interest among schools the law and procedure of God. and teachers.

Resolved, That while we do not mean to im. 20. Resolved, That it is the imperative duty pugn the motives of those who would altogether of the town superintendents to attend all meet banish the rod from the school-room, it is the ings of town associations, and to sustain them sense of this Association, that however amiable as far as it is in their power.

the theory may appear, and however well it may 3d. Resolved, That each school is deserving work in a state or county convention, its an equal share of attention from the school offi- practical tendency is injurious to evil-doers, and cers, and any one who neglects to do so, de unjust to them that do well-opposed to the acserves the disapprobation of community. cumulated experience of preceding ages, and

4th. Resolved, That the present system of sadly ominous of mischief for the future. training pursued by parents and guardians, ren.

PHILANDER PERRY, President. ders it inexpedient to dispense with corporeal HENRY ROBBINS, Secretary. punishment in our common schools.

5th. Resolved, That parents, by neglecting to secure the regular attendance of their scholars

TIOGA. at school render it impossible for a teacher,

OWEGO, April 5, 1845. however qualified, to instruct them in a regular I take the liberty to furnish for publication in and thorough system of education.

your valuable journal a synopsis of the efforts of 6th. Resolved, That hourly recesses are bet. The friends of popular education in the county of ter calculated to advance scholars in their stu. Tioga, during the year 1844. dies, than the former method which has been Pursuant to a call made by the county superpractised.

intendent, a convention was held at the court 7th. Resolved, That visitations on the part of house in Owego, January 13th, 1844. After the parents and guardians have a greater influence meeting was organized, it was resolved to form to accelerate scholars in their studies, than any a county common school association. A consti. principle that can be introduced by the teacher. tution was adopted, and the following officers

8th. Resolved, That all young men in quali. were chosen for the ensuing year: J. M. Parker, fying themselves for district school teachers, President; W. B. Green, ist Vice President should feel it their indispensable duty to quali: Rev. J. Elwell, 2d Vice President ; Charles R. fy themselves to speak well in public.

Coburn, Cor. Secretary; John Petts, Rec. Sec. 9th. Resolved, That in the discharge of the retary. duties of State Superintendent of Common The leading objects of the association were to Schools, the Hon. Samuel Young, late Secretary bring together the teachers and others interested of State, has effected great good in the commu. in the subject, for the purpose of conferring upon nity, and so served his generation as to secure to and devising means to elevate the standard of himself the high respect and deep gratitude of common school education in this county. every good citizen and patriot.

Feb. 10th, 1844-The association met agree. 10th. Resolved, That the proceedings of this ably to adjournment. Isaac B. Headly, Esq. convention be published in both of the county having been previously selected by the execu. papers and District School Journal.

tive board, ably addressed the association; after On motion, the convention adjourned until which a spirited set of resolutions were adopted, the second Saturday in October next.

recommending that teachers should be thoroughly N. W. BUTTS, Chairman. qualified for their stations, the importance of uni. E, D. Bacon, Secretary.

formity in text-books, and the propriety of read.

ing the Scriptures daily in all our schools. An

WASHINGTON COUNTY. efficient committee was then chosen to examine

Middle Granville, 12 July, 1845. all new books designed for the use of common On the 26th ult. we had a grand celebration schools, with a view to the adoption of those of the common schools in the old“ town of He. only possessing the greatest excellence.

bren." A sight that would have cheered the Feb. 25th, 1844– The association convened at heart of every friend of common schools, or of Candor, Tioga co. An interesting discussion his country and kind. About 10 o'clock the was held among the members upon the right of schools were all assembled, formed on the green teachers to exercise authority over their pupils by the town superintendent and Dr. Mattison, going to and returning from school. The im- and marched in procession to the sound of music portance of encouraging common schools in pre. 'to the church. Nearly three hundred children ference to select or private schools, and the im. were present, and after they were seated the propriety of granting certificates of qualification large church was filled to overflowing with the to any but those who are thoroughly qualified. principal inhabitants of the town. June 8th, 1844—The association met agreea.

The exercises were opened with prayer by bly to adjournment, at Owego. The morning the Rev. Mr. Anderson. session was occupied by the town superinten. The schools were then examined by their resdents, who gave an account of the state of the pective teachers, each having fifteen minutes for schools in their respective towns, and of their the exercise. The examinations proved highly own views and efforts in the cause of popular interesting, and showed conclusively, that the education. The afternoon session was opened teachers (or most of them) had felt the respon. with prayer by the Rev. Mr. Stanton. The as. sibility of their stations, and had discharged the sociation was then entertained by a very able ad. duties they owed to their scholars, with fidelity. dress by the Rev. Mr. Barker, of Binghampton, Where all did so well, it would not be best to Broome co.

particularize. The schools were questioned upon JULY 20th-Association met at Owego. The all the primary branches, and also upon Astronday was very pleasantly and profitably spent in omy, Chemistry, Natural and Moral Philosophy. the discussion of subjects having reference to the The scholars answered promptly, and evident. instruction and government of common schools. ly understood what they were about. The ex

Sept. 14th—The annual meeting of the Tioga ercises were interspersed with music by the band county common school association was held in and by singing by the schools. Nearly all the Owego village. J. M. Parker was chosen Pre- teachers had taught vocal music in their schools, sident, C. H. Cole and Carmine Penton were and their performances on this occasion were chosen Vice-Presidents, Charles R. Coburn was admirable. Some of the pieces drew tears from chosen Cor. Sect., and Dr. J. L. Corbin, Rec'g. the eyes of the audience. Secy. The day was spent in hearing addresses, Mr. John Armitage acted as chairman of the and in discussions, &c.

meeting, and addresses were delivered during On the 15th day of Oct., one hundred and twen. the day, by the Rev. Mr. Anderson, Rev. Mr. ty.five teachers assembled preliminary to the Stower and the county superintendents, both of opening of the teachers' institute on the follow. whom were present. ing day, and I am happy in being able to say, The interest of the large audience was kept that it was a profitable and interesting day for up to the close: None left the house, although

many had to stand during the whole time. Our institute was ably conducted by M. G. i This was indeed a glorious day for the schools McKoon, A. M., as principal, being assisted by of Hebron; and the cause of common school edu. Wm. R. 'Childs and Albert D. Wright. During cation has received an impetus in this town, that the institute we were favored with very alle and will not cease to operate till these schools become instructive lectures from Charles Davies, L. L. all that they should be. Opposition to our proD., John M. Banks, Esq. and J. H. Mather, Esq. sent admirable school system has died out. The The good influence which that teachers' drill has people see the results and cheerfully attribute exerted, and will continue to exert, upon our, the improvement to the right cause. This in common schools, is already to be seen by those some respects, has been the best celebration we who at first were opposers.

have had in this county, and its influence will The number of pupils in attendance was one be for good. hundred and twenty-five. I will only add in con.

This town is rapidly improving in many rosclusion, that in addition to my other la bors, I pects. The people are mostly farmers, and they have held town examinations or celebrations in are improving their methods of farming, putting all but one of the towns of the county during the up more convenient and tasteful buildings, and summer terms of school. They were all well with all this, are not neglecting the common attended and were creditable to the teachers and school. Several new scbool-houses are building pupils of the several towns, and I think that this year. There is one thing that must be done town celebrations and examinations in some of in this town yet, before all the schools can the largest schools in the several towns, have flourish ; and that is, several of the very small done as much, or perhaps more, than any other districts must be dissolved and the inhabitants one thing, to call the attention of the community attached to others. Nos. nineteen, eight, nine, to common schools in this county.

six, five, four and twelve are all too small. Some Our institute closed our efforts for the year of them can hardly continue a teacher at the 1844. Something has been done, while much cheapest rate, four months in the year. Let the more remains to be done.

inhabitants and town superintendent remedy this Yours, very respectfully,

evil, and the schools of Hebron would soon runk

first in the county.
E. POWELL.

Respectfully yours,
Sup't. Tioga Co.

A. WRIGHT, Co. Supt.

us all.

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