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Churches in town, shall be the vice-presidents. folded, sealed, and directed to the examining

5th. A secretary, who shall also serve as col. committee, Westport, Essex co., N. Y. lector.

Resolved, that the president be requested to 6th. A treasurer.

write to such gentlemen out of town, as in his 7th. A prudential committee, consisting of one opinion will secure the attendance of three to act from each district and joint district.

as an examining commit'ee with the vice-presi. The officers shall perform the duties usually dents, September 31. pertaining to such officers, and together consti Resolved, that the secretary inform the offi. tute an executive committee, whose duty shall cers of their election, and call a meeting of the be to call meetings of teachers and the friends executive committee, Angust 4th, 1845, 5 o'clock of education, at such times as the interests of P. M., at the house of Mr. C. B. Haich, to apschools may demand-to make suitable arrange point a marshal and assistant marshals for Sepi. ments for the stated anniversaries and semi. 3d, and complete their arrangements. annual examinations-to nominate and appoint The foregoing is submitted for publication, an examining committee, and do all other busi• that its merits, if any, may be extended ; espeness which the interests of the association re- cially that the scheme may be perfected by those quire. The examining committee shall consist having more experience. of three gentlemen not residents of Westport, The subscriber respectfully solicits that some together with the vice-presidents,

town superintendent would put in operation a Westport, July 14th, 1845.

better scheme, and submit his results to the [Here follow the names of upwards of two readers of the Journal. hundred gentlemen and ladies.]

Will some one describe, definitely, the articles

best suited for the teachers' premiums? Will At a meeting of the members of the Common whai shall be the scholars' premiums? Will

any propose an appropriate medal or device? School Association, held in the Baptist Church any unite in an effort of this kind ? Could the at Westport, July 21st, 1845, the following general deposit be made with some gentleman officers were chosen :

in Albany? DAVID P. HOLTON, President,


Town Superintendent.
R. T. WADE, Vice-Presidents,

C. B. Hatch, Secretary,

[From the Watertown Jeffersonian / J. H. Low, Treasurer,

JEFFERSOY Alex. Stevenson,

John Williams, Albert P. Cole, Samuel Root, Jona. Nichols, Jr.,

Leonard Fisher, Jared Goodale,

The common schools of Watertown and Pamelia, Andrew Frisbie,

under the care of their respective teachers, held a cele Elijah Angier, Daniel Nichols,

bration at Agricultural Hall, in this village, on ThursM. P. Whallon, Imla Hartwell,

day of last week. Wbat with the arms of vne thousand Marcus Storrs, John Stone,

children belonging to those schools, the large number Prudential Committee.

of persons in attendance, the eloquent addresses and

the spirit.stirring music of the juvenile choir and by Resolved, That the several schools be invited the band--the display of Angs and banners with ap. to unite in an examination at Wadhams' Falls, propriate devices, &er, the celebration was an interest Wednesday, Sept. 3d, 1845, at 9 o'clock A. M. The Throne of Grace was invoked by Rev. Mr.

Resolved,' That the executive committee so Knox, feelingly, fervently and devoutly. Hon. C. E. licit subscriptions, payable Sept. 1st, 1845, 1o Clarke followed, in an extempore address of nearly an the treasurer of the association; one-third of hour, characterized by great clearness, force and diwhich shall be appropriated at the summer ex. The Rev. J. BURCHARD addressed the assemblage, amination, and the remaining two-thirds at the with more than his usual eloquence and tact-detining winter examination, and the same shall be clearly and concisely the pre-requisite qualifications of

teachers, their duties as such, and also the duties of awarded by the examining committee to one or

parents, guardians, *c. more scholars, as shall best express their com. The Hon. L. H. 'Brows next addressed the assem. parative excellence in the following depart. blage, in a train of fervent eloquence. Although much ments, viz :

was expected from him, he greatly exceeded the er. 1st. Reading-selections from the New Tes from his auditors.

pectations of his friends, and won “golden opinions" tament.

He spoke about 50 minutes, and was followed by P. 2d. Geography, including an at'as of geoconsidered, impressive and effective speech. Though

MONTGOMERY Esq., the counts superintendent, in a well graphical maps executed by the pupils.

following as a gleaner”--to use his own words-he 3. Arithmetic, with exercises on the black showed conclusively that much had been left unsaid board.

which was important to be unterstood--that the wants 4th. Spelling -as shown by the trial of 'spell- of pupils and ihe spirit of the age demanded untiring ing down” the assembled scholars.

efforts on the part of the parents and teachers; thai

the common school system, i bough good, is susceptible 5th. Writing--including the entire set of of improvement, and that sound economy not less than writing exercises during the term, with the pro- sounu morality, required that greater atiention should gressive dates.

be paid to the basis of free institutions-sell cultira

led minds. 6th. A book of trees, illustrating the principles The examination of the scholars reflected great credit of grammar with their practical application in upon their teachers, and went far to prove that much parsing

of good may be accomplished in our common schools. 7th. Vocal music.

Several maps drawn by children from 7 10 14 years of 8th. The best and neatest letter, setting forth

age, attracted a good deal of altention and clicked

warm approbation. the advantages of school examinations, written, The excellent arrangements made and carried out by

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A. P. SIGOURSES Esq., of Watertown, and Doctor Mr. Bixby went on to remark, that those who SMITH of Pamelia, town superintendents, contributed had taught in colleges and academies, knew but greatly to the pleasures of the day, and many leftibe little of public schools, and were often unfit for Hall fully impressed that at least one day had been rightly and profitably spent. We hail these celebra. the office. tions as the dawn of a new era in the cause of educa-, Mr. Johnson had no objection to the resolu. tion and the onward march of mind, and predict that tion in its original form. He could not go with each succeeding year will further demonstrate the ad. vantages of our common school systein and the wise the Syracuse convention on this point. He beforesight of its projectors.

lieved that there were men who never taught "When goods and money all are spent,

schools, that were well qualified for the office of Learning is most excellent."

superintendent. He thought there were teachers

who had taught ten, fifteen, and twenty years, (From the Rochester Daily Democrai.)

who knew nothing, or next to nothing, of their

business. The offices should be thrown open to MONROE.

ail, and all would feel an interest in them. EXTRACTS FROM THE TEACHERS' AND SUPERIN. clusive profession in this country, as in Prussia.

Mr. Bixby thought teaching should be an ex. TENDENTS' COUNTY CONVENTION.

Law and physic were exclusive, and it would be

considered absurd to throw these professions The convention of teachers and town superin. tendents assembled at the school-house of dis open to all. If the superintendents were not trict No. 1, in this city, on Wednesday fore. tical hack, or broken down minister or Jawyer.

teachers, the office would often fall to some poli. noon. Dr. Reid, of Rochester, was chosen president this state, as carried out, was a humbug, be:

He thought that the common school system of -Ira Bellows, of Pittsford, vice-president-cause every person is eligible to the highest and Jason W. 'Seward, county superintendent, office, whether a fool or knave. secretary. Mr. Barnes, of Rochester, presented the

While this resolution was under discussion, claims of the "Teachers' Advocate," a periodi- the convention passed a ten minutes rule in re

ference to speakers. cal lately started under the auspices of the teachers? state convention.

Mr. Johnson regarded the superintendent as Mr. Jones, from the committee on resolutions,

an executive officer, and did not deem it pecessa. reported in part.

ry that he should be an actual teacher. The preamble and first and second resolutions, many things should be considered in the appoint

Dr. Howard, superintendent of Ogden, thought after some observations from Mr. Jones, were unanimously adopted :

ment of superintendents. Teachers were usually

young men, often but little known, while the su. WHEREAS, The interest manisested in regard to com: perinieudent was generally a man of some note, mon school education, within the few years past, by the friends of popular education, and the consequent im

in the town. His principal duty was to disburse provement in our common schools, afford abundant moneys, change the forms of districts, &c., and evidence that our common school system, and the do other executive business, which he could promeasures adopted to carry it out, are in the main, cor. bably do better than teachers. It was unwise rect. Therefore,

1. Resolved, That we will continue to agitate the he thought, to exclude all but teachers. It resubject of common school education, and the improve. quired the exercise of great discretion and pru. ment of our schools, while there remains any thing to dence in healing divisions, &c. The resolution, be said or done that shall have a tendeney to improve as proposed by Mr. B., was not a democratic their usefulness.

2. Resolved, That we will adopt those measures one. It was a narrow, proscriptive, "native which experience has proved to be the best-rejecting American” resolution, which he earnestly hoped whatever proves deleterious in practice, however the convention would reject. plausible the theory, or from whatever source it may

Mr. Jones, of Mumford, felt compelled to op. originate. The third resolution was objected to by some comprised all they had a right to. It would be

pose the amendment. The original resolution gentlemen, on account of indefiniteness; and on motion of Mr. Mack, it was recommitted to the should operate but fitness. Politics should not

impolitic in them to exclude any class. Nothing committee, for revision. It was afterwards govern in the selection, nor should the candidate adopted, as follows:

be taken exclusively from the office of teachers. 3. Resolved, That the incrcased interest in common Many superintendents not teachers, had filled state, since the adoption of the system of county and offices with great ability. The passage of the town superintendents' prove conclusively the wisdom resolution would be highly injudicious. of this measure; and in justice to our schools, the Mr. Bixby rose to explain. He did not intend same supervision should be continued.

to say that all who were not at the time actual On motion of Mr. Treat, Mr. Mack, the city teachers, should be ineligible. He considered superintendent, was added to the committee on many who had formerly been engaged in teachresolutions.

ing, as teachers still, and eligible to the office. The fourth resolution is as follows :

Prof. Dewey called attention to that part of 4. Resolved. That is the selection of school officers, the substitute which prescribed that three years' no principle should operate but fitness for the office experience should be necessary to qualify a man and we believe as a general thing, those are best quali: for that office. fied to superintend schools, who have had experience in the duties of the school-room.

Mr. Barnes was decidedly in favor of the To this, Mr. Bixby moved the following as a original resolution, as it placed the office on the substitute :

broad ground of filness; though he was of opinion Resolved, That no person shall be deemed qualified that teachers were often best qualified. for county superintendent of common schools, wilo

Mr. Meriman combatted the idea thrown out, bas not had the experience of at least three years in that a teacher who had given up the business fif. teaching common schools.

feen or twenty years ago, was fit for important

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offices now. Great improvements had been made, pended for the education of so large a number in any which they had not kept pace with. The county

city in the Union,

The operations of the schools the past year, bare superintendent, he thought, should be a man of been morc harmonious than during any previous one education and talent, and capable of managing and the board are led to regard the system of free pub. the best institutions in the country. He thought lic schools in the city; as having become permanently the mover of the resolution actuated by an im. rooted in the favor of the people; its utility or continuproper spirit, and having an eye to the “loaves its benign influence not only upon the children and and fishes."

youth of the city, but by reflection upon the parents Mr. Bixby enquired if the speaker meant to and guardians, is now felt through every department of be personal in his application of the

society. loaves

The increased interest manifested by the numerous and fishes."

attendance of parents and others at :he spring exami. Mr. Meriman did not mean to be personal, nations, has cheered and encouraged the board, and has and refused to explain further, as that would given the most tangible proof of a favorable change in

public sentiment in regard to our schools. give his remarks a personal character.

The cause of education seems emphatically the great Mr. Brown did not understand the drift of the cause of the age in which we live: moral and mental resolution ; it was too tame, and asserted little elevation seems destined to become the distinguishing or nothing: He saw no necessity of passing it. feature of the rising generation-and the impression is

The chair explained that they had just passed daily gaining strength, that in no way so surely can the a resolution to agitate questions connected with be improved, as by raising higher and still higher the common schools.

standard of popular education. Mr. Jones and Mr. Barnes made further republic opinion. This can only be secured by a candid

To effect this, requires the hearty co-operation of marks on the political motives that had, in some consideration of the subject on the part of our fellow instances, governed the selection of superintend. citizens, and by a judicious administration of school ents. They were strongly in favor of the present affairs. system of supervision.

To witness the change that has been wrought in the The substitute was then put, and lost, and the minds of a large number of our more wealthy citizens

on this subject, has been a source of sincere gratificaoriginal resolution adopted.

tion to the board. It is now a sentiment nearly in stinetive in every man's heart, that the public schools

are entitled to the united support of all. That the ROCHESTER FREE SCHOOLS.

subject of schools is one which has no sympathy with

sectarian or party feeling, and that no one but he wbo [Extract from Annual Report-June, 1845.)

would aim at their overthrow, would seek to identify

their administration with either. The attendance at the several schools the past year, The board would do violence to their own feelings has been as follows:

should they close this brief report without a becoming In District No. 1, aggregate, 396 average,

acknowledgement of the obligation they are under to do do

the tcachers of the public schools, for their most value do do

able services the past year, and their faithful and in. do


telligent co-operation. And in resigning the trusts do do

which have been committed to us, to our successors in do


office, we cordially commend the teachers to their do


confidence and savor ; and the schools to their kindly do

sympathy and watchful vigilance. 381 do 155

L. K. FAULKNER, President. do

do 265 do



(For the District School Journal.]


16, do

Colored school,

We regret that this notice has been unavoidably post4946

2947 poned until this time.-Ed. This shows an increase in the aggregate attendance The sixty-ninth anniversary of our nation's over last year, of 700; and in the average attendance, birthday was celebrated at Fabius, by the se

The number of children between the ages of 5 and (veral schools of the town, in a manner highly 16 years residing in the city on the 1st of January last, credilable to the inhabitants, and well calculathe superintendent, is 5890: of whom 81 are colored ted to arouse the community to the important children. The number of those who have attended the subject of universal education. public schools some portion of the year, as already shown, is....

At an early hour in the day, the several Estimated number attending the incorporated schools of the town, with their teachers, joined and private schools, :

each other a short distance from the village, 5546-45-16

where they were met by the “Fabius Brass

Band”—the members of which kindly volunLeaving the probable number of 344 who have not teered their services on the occasion-and esattended any school-added to this, it is seen, the ave. corted them into the village. It was truly an rage non-aliendance is very large, being something over 2000.

animating and imposing scene, to witness the The amount of money raised by tax the past year, long train of wagons drawn by four horses or the support of schools (exclusive of the contingent each, and filled with smiling, happy youths, expenses of the Board is.... The amount received from the State, is.. 2, 286.00 each bearing a beautiful banner with some apTotal, ..

• $12, 686.00

propriate motto. It is seen that the amount apportioned to each child

I should fail, should I undertake to give an in the city between the ages of 5 and 16 years, is $1,93. adequate description of the exercises of the

That the annual cost to each child receiving more or day, consequently must forbear. Handbills less instruction in the public schools, is $2.42; while and circulars were sent throughout the town the cost to each child on the average atiendance, is only $4.00-a smaller sum, it is believed, than is ex. o the several districts, and a general invita

388 413 225 457 479 79 62

311 218 288 1.15 247 363 49 51

do do

10, 11, 12,


410 398 367 148 445 227 153



75 226 116 39


of 263.



tion was extended to the inhabitants, and all dren was estimated at seven hundred. A larger interested in the common school enterprise. and more respectable assemblage of people, On the arrival of the sehools, they were re was never before witnessed in this town, on ceived by the town superintendent in front of any occasion. the academy, (now occupied as a district Thus passed off the “glorious fourth,” in school house, ) and appropriate places assigned Fabius, not an accident having occurred to them in the procession.

mar the enjoyments and festivities of the day. At ten o'clock, A. M., the citizens under

VINDEX. the direction of the marshals, the children un Fabius, Onondaga Co., N. Y. der that of the superintendent, formed in procession, and marched around the west square

TIOGA. of the village, each headed by a band of music. Arrived at the green of the Baptist church, the The Tioga County Common School Teachers' children were comfortably seated under a Association met at the district school house in bower provided for the occasion.

the village of Owego, on Saturday, the 17th of The exercises of the forenoon commenced May, according to previous notice. The presi. with music from the band, and singing by the dent, John M. Parker, Esq., being absent, Chas. juvenile choir. Prayer was then offered by

k. Coburn, of Owego, was elected president pro Rev. H. Tremain, after which the Declaration Item: After the meeting was organized, the fol.

lowing resolutions were discussed and passed of Independence was read by L. M. Pratt, su

unanimously. perintendent of common schools, and was fol On motion of Dr. Elijah Powell, county sulowed by an address from 0. L. Sprague, Esq. perintendent, on the subject of education. The address was

Resolved, That in the opinion of this associa. one of the first order, and drew forth the high- tion, moral instruction is of paramount impor. est commendation from those wbo had the tance, and that the teacher who neglects to en. pleasure of listening to it. The exercises were force moral truth by example as well as precept, interspersed with music from the band, and is deficient in one of the most important qualifi. juvenile singing, which contributed much to cations of a teacher of youth. This resolution the interest of the day, and happily gratifying was supported by Dr. Powell in some very ap. to all present. The exercises of ihe forenoon propriate and feeling remarks.

On motion of Andrew Coburn, having concluded, the children again formed

Resolved, That the office of county superin. in procession and marched to the basement of tendent is 'of great utility to common schools, the church, where a rich and bountiful supply and that we will at all times urge the necessity of refreshments was provided by the inhabi- of continuing said office. Remarks were made tants of each district. After a short recess, by Andrew Coburn, the mover, showing the the cbildren formed in procession and marched great benefit the office of county superintendent to the east end of the village, and back to the had been to the schools in this county, by Amos stand, when they listened to a spirited and C. Stedman, town superintendent of owego, well timed address from Mr. Truair, of Otsego and Willis Atkins, town superintendent of Spencounty. Mr. Truair was very happy in his cer, and to the same point by Dr. J. L. Corbin, remarks, and adapted them peculiarly to the ofrowego, giving some of the reasons why that

office was so unpopular with the people. capacity of children, and the interest they

On motion of Charles R. Coburn, manifested on the occasion, was enough to

Resolved, That every person who intends to convince any one present that a favorable im- become an intelligent and successful teacher, pression was left on their minds.

should be a subscriber for, and a constant reader The several schools were then called upon of the District School Journal. Remarks by in order, and each teacher given an opportu- the mover contrasting the conduct of teachers nity for an examination of their scholars in with men in other business; while the lawyer, some particular branch.

the physician, the clergyman, the politician, The first school prepared was District No. the mechanic and the farmer, strive to become 3, Miss Moon, teacher. One in declamation, better qualified to perform the duties devolving and a class in astronomy--explained upon the upon them by reading or studying the opinions, black-board. The examination did much ho- ive professions who have become eminent for

advice and experience of others in their respect. nor to the teacher, as well as pupils, illustra- Their wisdom and success, the teacher, as a ting practically the advantages of the black- general thing, is plodding his way along unaided board in teaching geography. District No. by the counsel or advice of those who have 2, Miss Sherman, teacher, a class in concert toiled and are now toiling in the same business. reading. District No. 10, Miss Irish, teacher, Also by Dr. Corbin, showing the value of the a class in Geography. District No. 9. Mr. Journal to all in any way engaged in the cause Clark, teacher, declamation and concert read- of education. On motion of Dr. E. Powell, ing, by a class of fifty. Much credit is due Resolved, That the individuals who faithfully the teachers for their efforts and untiring ex- discharge the duties of town superintendent or ertions in the cause of common school educa- teacher, are conferring incalculable benefits on

the rising generation, and ought to receive the tion. The schools were all, with but one or two by the mover as to the responsibility resting

support of all classes in community. Remarks exceptions, present, and the number of chil- upon the teacher ; also by O. D. Davis of Spen.

cer, and Charles R. Coburn, showing the extent Upon invitation, Mr. Pearsall, editor of the of the influence exerted by the teacher, not only Owego Gazette, made some general remarks upon the rising generation, but also upon gene. upon our school system, also upon the resolution rations yet unborn; which influence the teacher under consideration showing the necessity of must meet, with all its fearful responsibilities at those engaged in teaching making it a profes. the bar of God.

sion, and so qualifying themselves for the busi. By request, Charles R. Coburn gave an ac ness, as to ensure them steady employment and count of his recent visit to Albany, where a fair compensation for their services. he spent three weeks in the State Normal

0. D. DAVIS, Pres. pro tem. School. He described the principal and profes. CHARLES R. COBURN, Sec. pro tem. sors of the institution, the arrangement, classi. fication and management, the studies pursued,

TIOGA. together with the mode of instruction and other interesting details. From the account given by Extract from an Address delivered before a County

Convention of Common School Teachers, beld in Mr. Coburn, the association was deeply im

Owego, Aug. 2, 1845, by Rev. Mr. Peck] pressed with the importance of its permanent continuation, as a valuable means of furnishing exceptions among this class, who, true to the

There are, however, many most honorable the state and nation with a supply of thoroughly spirit of the pilgrim fathers, cease not to seek educated teachers.

proper channels, through which to pour their li. Resolved, That the procedings of this meeting beral benefactions and with which to bless the be published in the papers of this county and in present and unborn generations. High in this the District School Journal published at Albany. I list s'ands the name of the noble and lamented CHARLES R. COBURN,

Wadsworth of our own state. Such cause the Pres't pro tem.

widow's heart to sing for joy-eyes are they to J. L. Corbin, Rec, Sec.

the blind--feet are they to the lame-fathers are

they to the poor--and the cause they know not Overo, August 21, 1915.

they search out. Were the examples of the no. The Tioga County Teachers' Association met ble few followed by the rich as a class, even at the district school-house in the village of then their ample treasures would avail but little Owego. The meeting was called to order by in prelucing or perpétuating this difference withelecting o. D. Davis, teacher of Spencer, presi: Jout another and mightier agency. dent pro tem., and Charles R. Coburn, teacher of

* Nor should we look for the occasion of this Owego, secretary, A committee consisting of difference in the influence of academies and uni. Willis Atkins, town superintendent of Spencer, versities. As confessedly usefuland important as and Chas. R. Coburn was appointed by the chair

are these institutions to a necessary and extento prepare business for the afternoon session. sive intelligence, they avail but little in eleva. Adjourned until half past twelve.

ting the whole people. France, Germany, Eng. AFTERNOON

land and other countries of middle Europe, have The delegates to the Teachers' State Conven. long had their universities. Ireland has had hers tion at Syracuse were called upon for a report. too--but the effeet has been to produce only here Whereupon Charles R. Coburn gave a brief and there a fertile spot; while the vast territory statement of the proceedings of said convention around remained a barren waste. The same is from its organizaiion up to the time of his leav. true and has been to a great extent, of the states ing-being the afternoon of the second day's ses of our union already referred to. They have al. sion.

ways had their universities and their cultivated The Rev. Mr. Peck of the Baptist church then intellectual giants as their fruits, but the masses gave an entertaining and instructive address have been neglected and must still be for aught filled with good advice to teachers and parents. these can do. To these, then, we cannot look On motion of Charles R. Coburn, a vote of as the radical cause of the distinguished position, thanks was presented to the speaker for his which we, the common people, hold over the plain, practical and excellent address.

masses of other nations. If it is not, then, the The committee on resolutions then reported form of our government-nor the freedom of the following resolution :

the press-nor the accountability of the ruler to Resolved, That the time has arrived when the ruled--nor the power of wealth-nor the in. the teachers of the state of New.York ought to fluence of academies and universities, (however have a periodical--and if such paper should be important all these may be to the result as se. established, we will do all in our power to sus cond causes,) I ask if these are not the great tain it.

agency, what is it? It is our system of popular Resolved, That in the opinion of this associa education. It is our system of common schools. tion, the business of teaching should be made a It is the idea of unirersal education reduced to profession as much as the practice of law or practice. This is the great hinge of influence, medicine.

more than any other, on which has turned our These resolutions were adopted after an ani. happy destiny. It stands highest in the list of mated discussion; the last one particularly eli. second causes. Indeed so truthfully may it be cited much interest. The inconvenience atiendo called the great, efficient agency, that were it to ing the adopting and carrying out the spirit of perish, its vacuum would be the shadow of the resolution, was set forth on the one hand, death, through which the other agencies must and on the other the manifold advantages that speed their passage to hopeless ruin. But leave would arise from it, both to teachers : nd pat. to us our system of popular education in vigorrons of schools ; and that the obstacles were no ous operation ; then obliterate our form of gov. greater in this than in all instances where new ernment and we would hit upon the same again and great reforms were proposed.

-shackle the press, and we would declare it


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