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rich and central county of Montgomery, distin- | the gathering together on this occasion, I recogguished as well for the profusion of its agricul. nize

decisive evidence that here at the capitol of tural productions as for its commercial facilities, your county, great, and I trust successful efforts, greatly distinguished also for the gallantry and are being made. patriotism of its citizens in the revolutionary Town and county superintendents, teachers struggle, when assailed by sayage foes hovering and trustees of schools, I pray you to persevere on its borders, and the more dangerous wiles of in your labors! Discouraging and disheartening traitors within, is most eminently distinguished circumstances will occur--difficulties and opponot only among the counties which compose this sition you will be obliged to encounter-your state, but among the most favored portions of views and your conduct will be misrepresented the world, for internal improvements which have and may be traduced: but I entreat you to do been effected by art.

your duty, honestly, faithfully and independentWe may say, and truly say, that a branch of iy. Your reward will surely come. Not a pethe Atlantic ocean, uniting that ocean with the cuniary reward, nor perhaps, honors or offices, great inland seas of the west, has by the labor of but that.which is infinitely more to be valued man been extended through the centre of your the consciousness of having done good, for the highly favored county: The treasures of the sole reason that it was good. Indies, the luxury of the tropical climates, the I may cherish delusive hopes, I may be en. splendid manufactures of Europe, and the valu, thusiastic, but if the munificeni funds provided able products of the northern regions are floated by the state for educational purposes, shall be on the bosom of waters formed by art, to your properly applied in rewarding skilful, able and own doors.

faithful teachers, if our system of supervision is One hundred years ago, had a savage wan judiciously executed according to its spirit, if the dered from his wigwam on the banks of the enlightened views lately so ably presented to the Mohawk, to Oneida lake, on a hunting excur, public in the form of a report to the assembly, sion, what would have been his astonishment, it by the talented and benevolent Hulburd, shali upon his return the next day or next week, to be properly appreciated by a majority of the Caughnawaga, he had discovered an arm of the people and carried fully into effect, if parents sea extending through his cornfield, and vessels and guardians can be made to feel and discharge loaded with the conveniences and luxuries of the obligations they owe to their children and civilized life, gliding on its surface. If this their country, I do most confidently anticipale sight would have excited his admiration and that the next quarter of a century will furnish a wonder, how would his astonishment have been new race of men and women, of morals pure and increased on turning his eye to the east, and be. uncontaminated, of elevated ambition, hearts holding a splendid train of coaches, advancing warmed with patriotism and minds refined by seemingly by means of their own internal ener. literature, and enlightened, strengthened and ingies, and in the absence of all animal power vigorated by science. with the speed of lightning? What a mighty Then, a man will not be distinguished by the change here would have come over the spirit of office he holds, but by his intelligence, his tathis dream of the amazed and wondering savage. lents, and his merits as a citizen, and thus the And yet these astonishing changes, these mag. post of honor will emphatically be a private sta. nificent internal improvements have within less tion. Then, when an American on account of than half, and almost within a quarter of a cen business or pleasure shall visit other c-untries, tury, been effected by the ingenuity and labor of and is seen walking the streets of London, of

Paris, of Napies or of Rome, he will not be de. Will not the inhabitants of this highly fa- signated by the crowd as a person who holds a vored portion of the globe, thus eminently dis. judicial or military station, or as one who has tinguished by improvement of matter as it came been a governor or president, but it will be anfrom the hand of nature, by the hand of art-nounced as a more interesting and it may be, will not the citizens of the ancient and honorable equally honorable designation, THERE GOES AN county of Montgomery, engage in another and AMERICAN CITIZEN!more exalted species of internal improvement ? I mean the improvement of the mass of mind.

PENNSYLVANIA. Will you preserve and transmit to succeeding generations those rights which have been purchased by the treasures and blood of your ta. Extracts from the Eleventh Annual Report of the State

Superintendent of common schools of Pennsylvania.] thers? How, since the unlimited extension of the right of suffrage, can this be done, except by educating and well educating the whole of To the Senate and House of Representatives of the rising generation? Whether German, Eng.

the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: lish, Irish, French, Swedes, Suiss or African, GENTLEMEN :-The undersigned Superintend. let them all be taught the language and princi. ent of common schools, would respecifully subples of freemen. This species of internal im. mit his annual report for the school year 1844, provement, and this alone, can save our poster-ending June 30, 1844. ity from anarchy on the one hand, and despotism Every township, ward or borough in the Com. on the other; it is this alone, which can secure monwealth, not within the city and incorporated from decay and ruin the splendid structure of districts of the county of Philadelphia, forms a liberty, order and law, erected by the labor and separate school district, except in a few instances treasures, and cemented by the blood of our fa. where, by special act of the Legislature, a town. thers. Need I doubt your determination to en. ship is divided into two districts. Each district has gage cordially and zealously in this benevolent a board of school directors, consistin-of six mem. and patriotic enterprise ? No, no. I will not bers, two of whom are elected annually. The di. doubt ; for in your present association, and in 'rectors are authorized, if they deem it expedient,

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to divide the districts into sub-districts, with pow. portion to the number of male teachers, than it er to elect a primary committee of three in each, was last year. who act as a committee of the board, to attend The whole number of scholars was two hund. to the local affairs of their respective sub-dis- red and eight thousand four hundred and two, tricts, subject to the orders of the board. In 158,787 males and 129,615 females. This shows wards and boroughs the directors may appoint a considerable increase of the number since last an inspector, who devotes his attention to the year, in proportion to the number of reporting visitation, inspection and care of the schools.'

districts. The average number of scholars in Neither the directors, their treasurer, nor the each school was forty-four, and the cost of teach. primary committees, receive any pay or emolu. ing each scholar per month thirty-eight and a ment whatever, for their services as such. It half cents. will thus be seen, that each district forms a dis.

The state appropriation paid this year to the tinct and independent organization, represented accepting districts, exclusive of that paid to by the board of directors, having no connection Philadelphia city and county, amounted to two with the township or county officers; the only hundred and sixty-four thousand five hundred other officer being the Secretary of the Common and twenty dollars. The school tax levied by wealth, who is ex-officio Superintendent of com. the districts upon themselves amouhted to three mon schools.

hundred and ninety-one thousand three hundred Each board of directors is required, by one or and forty dollars and sixty-eight cents; making more of their number, to visit every school with the whole sum set apart for school purposes six in their district at least once in every month, and hundred and fifty-five thousand eight hundred to cause the result of said visit to be entered on and sixty dollars and sixty-eight cents. the minutes of the board. And on the first

The amount expended for instruction in the Monday of June, annually, they are required to reporting districts was four hundred and thirty. make a report to the Superintendent, setting forth (ne thousand one hundred and ninety-two dol. the progress and condition of the schools, the lars and serenteen cents. For fuel and contin. expenses incurred in maintaining them, togeth. gences thirty-nine thousand and thirty-three doler with such other information as may be of use lars and seventeen cents. And for school-houses in forming a just estimate of the value of com. seventy-five thousand nine hundred and eighteen mon schools.

dollars and ninety-four cents. Making the The district reports, which at present consti. whole expenditure in the reporting districts, five tute the principal, and almost the only means of hundred and forty-six thousand and thirty-one ascertaining the condition of the schools through. dollars and twenty-eight cents. Estimating the out the State, have been pretty generally receiv. expenditure in those that have been paid, but ed; and their contents, so far as relates to the have not reported, at one tenth of the whole, it statistics, have been published at length in the will make the whole amountexpended during the accompanying table. An inspection of this ta. year for school purposes about sir hundred thou. ble will afford a much better view of the opera. sand dollars, exclusive of the amount expended tions of the system in the different sections of in the city and county of Philadelphia. This we the Commonwealth, than could be obtained from think affords no small evidence of the interest ta. any general statement, though it is believed the ken by the people of this state in the education of publication of these details, only once in three the young; and that there is now nothing wanting years, will sufficiently answer their purpose. to ensure the success of our school system, but a

The number of districts in the state is of continuance of the appropriation they have been course increasing every year, as the townships receiving for some years past, together with a and boroughs increase. The whole number, at more thorough visitation on the part of those the close of the present year, was eleven hundred entrusted with the management of the system, and seventy-two.

and the dissemination of correct views among Reports have been received from eight hundred the people on the importance and nature of ed. and forty-six districts. This is considerably ucation, and the best means of directing their smaller than the number received last year.

efforts in its promotion.

It appears from the statement here submitted The number of schools reported as being in that the schools of the Commonwealth are rapoperation within the year, is five thousand nine idly improving. Betier modes of instruction hundred and ninety-three. The average length are adopted and more capable teachers employ. of time that the schools were kept open was five ed now than formerly. The number of scholars months and fifteen days.

is annually increasing. The interest feit by the The number of teachers was seven thousand people in the cause of general education is befive hundred and eigty-five, of which two thou coming greater. Customs and prejudices that sand four hundred and ten were females. have existed for years, and furnished the great

In his last report, the undersigned took occa. est obstacles to the progress of the school syssion to remark on the advantages which females tem, are fast yielding to its benign influence ; and possess over the other sex as instructors of small districts before hostile are year after year be. children, such as the schools in summer are gen. coming reconciled, and voluntarily, adopting its erally composed of, and also, that in consequence provisions. A knowledge of their beneficial of their expenses for board, &c., being less, they influences, and their happy conformity to the could afford to teach for a smaller salary than character of our citizens, and the principles of men of the same literary qualifications. For our government, secure for them the favor and these, and other reasons, he ventured to recom- support of the people. The system with but litmend their more frequent employment as teach- tle amendment is well calculated to attain the ers. He is now gratified at being able to state object for which it was established. Its prosper. that the proportion of female teachers is rapidly ity and existence rest with the legislature. If, increasing, being considerably greater, in pro as heretofore, it shall continue to be aided and

sustained by the fostering care of the legislature, time for Pennsylvania to give up her prosperous its progress to perfection and permanency can. and popular system of common schools, and suf. not be doubted. But should an injudicious econ. fer it to fall into dilapidation and decay. While omay cause it to be neglected, and the support of the governments of other states and countries the state withdrawn froin it, but little hope can are providing, by liberal appropriations, for the be entertained of the advancement of education education of their youth, shall it be the stigma in our Commonwealth.

of the great Keystone State, that she has abanAt the last session of the legis'ature the pro- having ascertained its excellencies, and the mass

doned her system of general instruction, after priety of withholding the annual appropriation of her citizens have indicated, by their votes and to the common schools was seriously considered. actions, the deep interest they feel for its conIt was gratifying to the friends of education to

tinuance and advancement ? find that a large majority of the representatives of the people were opposed to the adoption of Prussia, although despotic in its government, this measure. Notwithstanding this, the annu. furnishes an example worthy of imitation, not al appropriation was curtailed nearly one-half its only in the organization of her public schools, usual amount..

but also in the successful efforts made by her The principal argument advanced in favor of government and people to sustain them under this measure did not arise from a want of confi.

the most trying circumstances. Alluding to this, dence in the school system, but was drawn from Professor Stevens, in his excellent letter relating the financial cmbarrassment of the state, her re.

to the schools of Germany, &c., addressed to a venues not being sufficient to meet the demands tions of Europe, Prussia was reduced to the

former superintendent, says: “or all the naupon her public treasury. That the pecuniary difficulties under which our Coinmonwealth has greatest extremity by the wars of Napoleon. labored for the last few years have been great,

* The system of confiscation went so far, that is admitted and deplored by all; and that the of poor houses, and the funds for widows, was

even the revenue from the endowments of schools, claims of her creditors are just, and should be diverted into the treasury of France. * * For. paid, Lone will dispute. The honor of the state eign loans were made to meet the exorbitant and of every citizen of it, requires that the most claims of the conqueror. An army must be creefficient and prompt means should be adopted to ated, bridges re-built, ruined fortifications in eve. enable her to meet with punctuality her pecuni. ry quarter repaired ; and so great was the pubary liability. But in doing so the appropriation lic extremity that the Prussian ladies, with noto common schools should if possible be contin. ned-although its amount does not much more

ble generosity, sent their ornaments and jewels than equal one-third of the sumn raised in the dis- and other ornaments of cast-iron, were given in

10 supply the royal treasury. Rings, crosses, tricts by taxation for school purposes, yet the return to all those who had made this sacrifice. source from whence its is derived gives it inuch They bore the inscription, Ich gab gold um influence in supporting the school system.- eisem, -(I gave gold for iron,)—and such SparIts withdrawal would be understood as an aban. donment by the state, of our system of educa.

tan jewels are much treasured at this day by the tion, and would have the effect of dampening possessors and their families. This state of the zeal of its friends, and unnerving the energies in 1813. But it is the pride of Prussia, that at

things lasted till after the 'War of Liberation, of the people in its support. The means of ac

the time of her greatest humiliation and distress, quiring instruction would soon deteriorate, and the youth of our Commonwealth be left with / she never for a moment lost sight of the work out the opportunities enjoyed by those of other she had begun in the improvement of her

schools." States, to acquire a proper education, and fit themselves to discharge the inportant duties of

If under such circumstances the people of a citizens.

monarchial government, impressed with the During the most gloomy period ever experi- tained it, is there not great cause to believe that

importance of public education, successfully susenced in the financial concerns of the state, she the free citizens of a republic will not permit has not failed to extend her aid to the advance. much smaller difficulties to compel them to dement of her school system. When, less than sert their system of public schools ? three years ago, the holders of the permanent loans were loudest in their complaints, when the

Much has already been done-but all has not legislative hall was surrounded with domestic yet been accomplished that is requisite to render creditors, importunate in their demands for pay perfect and permanent our school system. It ment, when the business of the country was

has rapidly advanced on the road to perfection ; prostrated, the revenues of the state greatly di- let it not be permitted to recede from the point minished, and a pecuniary gloom hung over the it has attained, but by a wise and generous, and affairs of the people and the Commonwealth, unwavering support, let it be brought to maturi. she still upheld, with an energetic hand, her ty, and established on a basis that will secure its system of general education. A mistaken écon- usefulness and perpetuity. Thus will be obtainomy should not, under present circumstances, ed the highest honors for the Commonwealth, induce her legislature to withhold this support and incalculable blessings for her citizens. Now that the claims of her domestic creditors I have the honor to be, have been satisfied, and her increasing revenues

Very respectfully, &e., give every assurance of the speedy and complete redemption of her character and credit, now that

CHAS. M'CLURE, the genial sun of prosperity is fast dissipating

Superintendent of Common Schools. the cloud of embarrassment that enveloped her

Hurrisburgh, December, 1844. government and her citizens, surely it is not a

INDEX TO VOL. V.

A.

Washington county, 201; at Bethlehem, Albany, 229 Agriculture-report on, 83 ; committee on, appointed, Certificate of qualification-official order in relation,

at Watertown, Jefferson county, 232;, at Troy, 233. 156 ; communication on, from Henry O'Reilly, 268. Albany-city school celebration, 227; County Superia Challenge-offered by 'J. Patchín, County Superintend

97; State granted, 3, 130, 300, 313. tendent's report, 16. Allegany county-convention of Town Superintendents Character-formation of, H Greeley's remarks on, 117.

ent of Livingston, to the other county officers, 85; by 108; an account of the schools in the south part of Chautauque--County Superintendent's notice to Town 161; Teachers' Institute, proceedings of, 277; Teach: ers' Association, proceedings of, 315.

Superintendents and teachers, 135 ; report of County Alphabet-method of teaching the, 92, 109.

Superintendent, 278. American Society for the diffusion of useful knowledge Chenango–Teachers Institute, an account of, 139.

J. F. Mack, City Superintendent of Rochester, 86. -proceedings of, on education, 203 ; abstract of the Cobb, Lyman-spellers and readers referred to, 70.

annual report, 204. Amusement-Hon. Samuel Young's letter on, 97; and Columbia county convention, 156. Toys in Germany, 287.

Composition-how taught in Europe, 91. Animals-language of, 248.

Comiittee-executive, of normal school, 111; reports Arab account of debtor and creditor, 47.

of, in Chenango Institute, 140 ; on District School, Arithmetic-as taught in Europe, 90 ; how taught, 239.

Journal, 70; on school apparatus, 70; on political Arnold, L. M. County Superintendent of Dutchess-re

science, 70 ; on agriculture, 70; appointed to organsolation on text-books, 74; report on, 79.

ize next convention, 74.. Arnold, Miss R.-letter from, on character of teachers, Comstock, R. T. Town Superintendent of Sherburne-265.

letter from, on schools under his care, 163. Association-District School, Wawarsing, 22; Town Comstock, E., County Superintendent of Oneida--report

and County, recommended at State convention, 81; Conference-Teachers', at Chenango Institute, 140. Montgomery county common school, 142; Fulton co. educational, 166; Yates counts, proceedings of, 173;

Conventions, State-called, 3, 33; report of proceed. Herkimer county common school, 231; Teachers of

ings, 65; notice of, 85; remarks on organization of, Orleans county, 261; first annual ineeting of Oswego

75, 76; plan of organization of next convention recommon school, 305.

ported, 75 ; adopted, 76.

Convention, county-in Ulster, 106 ; Ontario, 107; Pult. B.

ney, 136; Cortland, 107; Allegany, 109; Washington, Baldwin, Joshua Hon.-extract from his second annual

109 ; Otsego, 143 ; Columbia, 156 ; Cayuga, 162; Onei

da, 167 ; Lewis, 281 ; Greene, 302; Otsego, 305; Se. report on the schools of New.Orleans, 45.

neca,306 ; Suffolk, 261; Wayne, 236; 'Westchester, 237; Barnard, Henry-letter to, giving an account of the Brat. Saratoga, 235 : Dutchess, 229; Erie, 229; Franklin,

tleboro schools, 310; a reference to his valuable ser. 231 ; in Onondaga, 317; in New-Hampshire, 215. vices in Rhode Island, 109.

Connecticut-educational movement in, 311. Barnes, Orson-opinion of small districts, 78; letter Conversation-tea-table, 60. from, 169.

Cook, J. H.-teacher, letter from, 244. Benton, Hon. N. S:--State Superintendent, 313; notice Cooper, E.-advocates Town's Analysis, 70; remarks to County Superintendents, 313 ; notice to Town Su

on corporal punishment, 68 perintendents, 313; regulations of State normal Cooper's, Mr.-views on union schools, 78. school, 213.

Cornell, Mr.-his globe recommended by, 70. Bethlehem celebration of schools-account of, 228. Corporal punishment-extracts from reports of Messrs. Bible--discussion on at State convention, 74. Blanks-for County and Town Superintendents' official

Henry & Stevens, in relation to, 34, 36; extract from

Mr. Mann's report on, 22 ; discussion on, 68, 72; de. notice, 129.

fence of, 117. Bloss, w. C.-remarks on corporal punishment, 73. Cortland County Superintendent's circular to schools, Brandon--school celebration in, 199,

107. Brattleboro, Vermont-account of schools of, 310.

Cropsey, H. B.-remarks on organization of State con. Brodt, J. T.-letter from, on Institute in Broome, 258.

vention, 76. Brooklyn-public school celebration of, 165.

Culture-harmonious, 116. Brown, L. H.-address of, at Watertown, 233; on com Curtis, E. W.-remarks on organization of State con. mittee on text-books, 68.

vention, 76.
Buffalo schools-extract from report of City Superin-
tendent, 25.

D.
C.

Davies, Chas., Prof.-mathematical works spoken of at Caldwell, s. City Superintendent of Buffalo-extract State convention, 70; remarks on organizing the next from report of, 25.

convention, 76. Cash, M. H -letter from, on the school system, charz. Deaf and dumb-mode of teaching, extract from Mr. ing it with defects, 130.

Mann's report, 13; manner of obtaining a certificate Cayuga county convention, 162 ; Teachers' Association, in the New York institution, official, 197. proceedings of, 315.

Delaware county-Superintendent's report on female Celebrations-school, recommended by Albany County teachers, 8.

Superintendent, 17; account of in Cattaraugus, by Dewey,. Prof. of Rochester---remarks on corporal Mr. Rice, County Superintendent, 19; in Cortland, punishment, in State convention, 69; resolution for 38; of Rochester public schools, 77 ; of public schools statistical information, 70; remarks on organizing of Brooklyn, 103; of Camillus, 168 ; of Albany public the next State convention, 75.

schools, 227 ; at West-Carlton, 170; at Ellenville, Ul. Dictation-Direction for practising, 266. {ster county, 171 ; at Hebron, Washington county, 173; Discussion-topics of, in Chenango county institute,

at Brandon, Franklin county, 199 ; at Cambridge, 139.

Dadley, George E.-letter on common school celebra. Holbrook, J.--letter from, on school apparatus and ertion, 171.

changes, 149. Dunckle, George D.-commending School Journal, 240. Hudson public

schools-an account of, 67. Dutchess county-convention of teachers, 229. Hughston, R. S.-County Superintendent of Delaware, Dwight, F.-County Superintendent of Albany, extract report on female teachers, 8.

from the report of, 16; resolutions on school libraries Hulburd, C. T., Hon.-chairman of the committee on in State convention, 74; resolution on organizing the colleges, academies and common schools, report of, next convention, 178.

145, 150, 212.

I.
Economy-domestic, recommended to be taught by Miss Institute'-Teachers' of Allegany county, 277; Broome

Institute, American-proveedings of the, 271.
Beecher, 59.
Education--proceedings of American Society on, 203 ;

county, 259; Chenango county, 138, 199; Eric county,

259; Franklin county, 279; Genesee county, 280 ; Onin Germany, 43 ; popular-an address upon, 201; ele. mentary, 241; experimental, 150, 133, 209, 301 ; intel.

ondaga county, 281; Otsego county, 234; Saratoga

county, 305; Seneca county, 307 ; Wyoming county, lectual, 71; intellectual and moral, 115, mental and moral, 116 ; moral, 71, 211 ; physical, 289.

263 ; letter to, 301; remarks on, 240; report on, 90; Educational Society of Rockland-proceedings of, 170.

notice of, 48; extract from the Boston Courier in reEducate--what will, 15.

lation to, 291; extract from Mr. Mann's eighth annuEdwards, A., County Superintendent Onondaga-notice

al report on, 311. of town celebrations, 18. Ellenville common school celebration, 171.

J. Ely, Enoch S.-letter on Teachers' Institute of Erie, 259 ; report in favor of union schools, 76; remarks Jefferson County-report to teachers' association, by on únion schools, 78.

P. Montgomery, 303.

! Emulation-motives of, 24.

Johnson, S. E., County Superintendent of Kings--moved Erie county-convention of Town Superintendents, 227. the previous question on organization, 76; moved a E. R. on good manners, 21.

vote of thanks to Mr. Mack, 83. Essay---prize, 111.

Journal,.D. S.-new arrangement of the, 85; resoluEssex County Superintendent-report of, 4.

tions on, 77 ; to the friends of, 112; appeal in favor Examination of teachers in Chenango Institute, 141;

of, 200; remarks on, 240 ; notice to subscribers, 322 ; examination of teachers, 264.

binding tbe, 322.

F.

K. Finch, R. R.-County Superintendent of Steuben, letter King, Theo. F.-remarks on corporal punishment, 79.

from, containing an account of Pulteney celebration, Knowledge is power, 110.

137 ; view of the influence of habit on children, 137. Fonda, Alex., County Superintendent of Schenectady

L. resolution on organizing the next convention, 76; resolution offered by, in relation to the District School Lectures-by wbom delivered, in Chenango Institate, Journal, 77.

139. Fowle, W. B., Boston-remarks on corporal punish. Letters-invention of, 288. ment, in State convention, 69; address delivered at Lewis County--convention of Town Superintendente, the State convention, 75, 98.

281. Franklin County --Superintendent's report, 34; com- Libraries-school communication on, 113; reports, Corm

mon schools in, 164; convention of Town Superinten. of, 130; central, recommended, 302. dents, 231 ; Teachers' Institute, 279.

Light breaking in upon Queens, 325. Free schools of Poughkeepsie-an account of, 68. List of studies recommended to be pursued in common Fulton County-educational association of, 166.

schools, 82

G.

M. Genesee County – Teachers' Institute, an account of, Mack, J. F. City Superintendent, Rochester-extract 290 ; Teachers' meeting at Le Roy, 316.

from report of, 26; remarks on organization of State Geography-how to teach, 60.

convention, 76; remarks on District School Journal, Gillam, Mr.-advocates Town's Analysis in convention, 77 ; on free schools, 74.

70. Good manners-an essential part of education, 21.

McFarland, D., County Superintendent, Delaware-re

port on female teachers, s. Grammar and composition-as taught in Europe, 91. Greeley, Horace-remarks on the formation of charac

McKoon, M. S.-report on Town Superintendents, 76;

remarks on organization of convention, 75. ter, 117.

Mann, Horace, Hon.-extracts from reports, 8, 13, 42, Greene County-an account of the schools ot, 37; con. vention of Town Superintendents, the proceedings of Manners-importance of, 21.

39, 311, 322; letter from, 66. 302.

Manual, common school-notice of, 48.

Maps-drawn in the schools of Livingston, 79; MitchH.

ell's outline, the value of, 211; map of ihe State of

New-York, 265.
Hamilton, W. J.-Town Superintendent of Genesee, re- Massachusetts-annual report, 9, 13.

marks on organizing the next convention, 75, 76. Memory-W. B. Fowle's lecture on, 98.
Haywood, X.-report on moral culture, 87.

Mental and moral culture, 151; mental and moral deHawley, É.

S. City Superintendent of Buffalo-remarks velopment, 269. on corporal punishment, 73; remarks on the Dist Mendon, Mr.-remarks on corporal punishment, 68. School Journal, 77 ; moved a vote of thanks to Dr. Method of teaching-report on, $1. Potter for his able lecture before the State conven: Montgomery County common school association, 142. tion, 82; union schools, opinion of, 78.

Montgomery, J. County Superintendent-report to JefHebron--school celebration at, 173.

ferson county teachers' association, 303. Hempstead-common schools in the town of, 320. Moore, L. M.---read Miss Robbins' essay on her textHenry, James, Jr., County Superlntendent of Herkimer books, 70.

report on corporal punishment, 36; report on cor Moral culture-report on, by X. Haywood, 87; instrucporal punishment, 70; remarks on the same subject, tion, report on, 71, 79. 73; on organizing the next State convention, 75; on Music, vocal-extract from report of E. S. Shumway, 4; Town and County Superintendents, 77 ; on District from report of Ira Patchin, 6; of W. F. Stone, 6; of School Journal, 71; code of rules adopted, 141 ; field. E. Smith, 6; report on, at convention, 83. book for Town Superintendents, remarks on, 272. Herkimer County-Superintendent's report, 36; common school association of, 231 ; convention of Town Su

N. perintendents, 141.

New Hampshire common school convention, 216. Hobbs, J. County Superintendent of Westchester--re- New Orleans public schools--second municipality, M; port of, 29.

public scbools, first municipality, 246

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