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the districts-for after all, the great reforming pow. Mr. Henry stated that the difficulty, after all, was er was in the minds of the people, teachers and that not one teacher in ten could lecture intelligi. trustees-if the object was to excite in them a no- bly, or in a manner to interest children. ble and generous spirit of improvement--the pro The resolution was withdrawn, after a remark per course was to suggest reforms, not to sei out from Colonel Young that the word lecture implied with denunciations. He knew this was not intend- i more formality than he presumed was intended. ed by the committee which reported these resolu- Verbal explanations and conversation, with a view tions. He attributed the form of it rather to the to teach the pupil to think, might be useful; and current practice of stating broadly current evils. every teacher, though not qualified to lecture, This would do, provided you at the same time put might talk to his pupils to good purpose. your finger on facts. But in urging great reforms, The fourth resolution, denouncing the too early it was questionable whether we should deal in ex- application of the infant mind to study, as resulting aggerated s'atements. Put your finger on indivi- in mental imbecility and even deaih, urew out dual cases of abuse or error, and then suggest your some debate. remedy. But these ex-cathedra declarations as to Mr. Henry suggested the phraseology, “overthe extent of evils were rather calculated to excite tasking the inlant mind.” prejudice. Although he might accord with the Mr. Potter, after glancing at the new school sentiment of the resolution, yet he could not but law, and dwelling upon the importance and value feel that the evil was not chargeable on teachers of the change made by it, as well as upon the inor their employers. The difficulty was in the pre-creased responsibilities thrown upon the Deputy valent error as to what education should be.- Superintenilen's, went on to speak of the resolu. Means had been taken to enlighten the public tion itself; saying that the proposition intended to mind on this subject, and all must acknowledge be asseried, was of more importance than seemed that results for the last year afforded grounds to to be imagineil. As a general rule, children were hope that the moment the people became aware of put to school to soon, and were kept there too the amount of the evil, they would rise cordially long. For children of even eight years of age, he and spontaneously to the work of remedy. should prefer three hours' application to study to
Mr. Tooker suggested that the resolution should six. It was very easy to attract and hold a child's express the idea ihat though the system had been attention for a short time, and but for a short time. much improved, yet that it was still defective. You might keep the body chained, but the mind He could not vote for the resolution in its present you could not. The mind was madle for careering unqualified shape. It was very plain that there about the universe, and any attempt to chain were defects of a deeply rooteil character in the down the spirit that was given to soaring, would present system of elementary instruction—the be futile. The effect would only be to make the grand difficulty being that scholars were crowded child hate the seat, and hate the school. Infinitely forward to higlier and higher studies, before being more progress would be maile by the pupil, with thoroughly or even tolerably well grounded in the more extended personal liberiy-a wider range for rudiments of learning. At the same time, the sys- the body as well as the mind. There was much tem was improving gradually, and by constant ef- 10 be learned out of doors, and if a man was a forts might be made to approximate to the design farmer, with six or eight children, for at least half of the framers of it.
of the year his true course was to turn his chilProf. Potter did not mean to question the accu- dren out of doors, and they would educate themracy of the fact stated in the resolution. He only selves. Some of the best students he had ever questioned the expediency of such a declaration known, never learned their letters until they were from the Convention. The public would be apt to se
seven years old. Whilst he would not lay this say that these fellows have an object in saying down as a rule, he would say that premature dethis, for if there were no defects in the sysiem, velopments were not always followed by imporOthello's occupation is gone.'” He knew the tant results in after life. These prodigies of geConvention were above such sordid considera- nius, set up at four years old to recite all the elotions; but we should recollect what human nature quent passages in ancient and modern rhetoric, was, and act accordingly. He proposed the fol- and who are regarded by doating mothers as al. lowing as a substitute, which was adopted : most Ciceros before they had even got out of pet
Resolurd, That while this Conventio i recognizes with, ticoats, as a general rule dwindled down afterpleasure and gratitude the improvements which are wards to mere third or fourth rate men or womaking in common schools, it is incumbent upon its men. This was the case in three-quarters of members to keep clearly in view the evils and delecisi these instances, while the rest might be said to be which still exisi.
| actually ruined by overtaxing their bouyant minds. The next resolution, declaring that course of in. Such minds were active enough by nature. They struction best which simu taneously develops the did not need artificial fire thrown into them. The physical, moral and intellectual faculties, was danger was ihat they would consume by their own adopteil, with some alterations in its phraseology. intellectual heat.
The third resolution, inculcating upon teachers The resoluion was amended, as suggested by the propriety of giving daily and familiar lectures Mr. Henry, and adopted. on the subjects of study pursued by pupils,
Thursday 3 o'clock, P. M. Prof. Potter opposeu, saying that the knowledge On motion of Mr. Dwight, Mr. Palmer, author which we dug up ourselves, and for which we of the “ Teacher's Manual,” was requested to ad. worked hardest, was generally most valnable and dress the convention to-morrow morning, at 8 o'. leat easily lost. His own experience in regard clock. to the best mode of imparting knowledge, had Mr. Mayhew laid before the convention a comtaught him that that which was the most easily ac- munication from the publishers of “ Pierce's quired was most easily lost. The mode which Grammar." taxed the energies and efforts of the pupil the most, A resolution to appoint a committee of three, to was the most effective. Lectures were well report to the next meeting of the convention an enough, combined with a thorough course of stu- uniform mode of teaching, was briefly debated by dy, but he would not give them great prominence several members, and adopted. in the stages of education. Besides, small children Mr. Randall called the attention of the convenwould not attend to lecturers. The catechetical tion to the recommendation of the Superintendent, mode of instruction was the best adapted to their as to the selection of subjects to be embraced in capacities. Their curiosity should be constantly the annual reports of the County Superintendents. stimulated.
Mr. A. Wright moved that that subject be est
to the discretion of the Superintendent. Agreed and he had always found the effect to be highly
beneficial. UNIFORM STANDARD OF ORTHOGRAPHY. Mr. Mayhew spoke of the necessity and usefulThe following resolution was adopted:
ness of blackboards, maps, globes, &c. He alluded Whereas, There is a variety of contradictory stan. to several cases of gross ignorance of both teachdards in orthography and orthoeps now in common ers and scholars on the subject of geography. Ile use, causing much embarrassment and injury in our hau found those in Jefferson county, who knew rot schools; and whereas, it is important that an uniform that Geography had any relation to the Planet standard should be adopted : Therefore,
which we live upon.
And in one case, he asked Resolved, That the County Superintendents prepare
one of the scholars where the Muscle Shoals” and report, at the next annual convention, what standards are in general use in their several'distriets, to were? The answer was given correctly. He then the end that some expression of this convention inay inquired what they were? “She did not know." then be had on this important subject.
“ Were they land or water?” “She did not know, Messrs. Dwight, Fonda and A. Wright were ap. but rather thought land.” “Were they high or pointed the committee to carry the above resolu. low land ?” “High,” she thought, “but she had tion into effect.
not been used to have such questions asked. Such On motion of Mr. Henry, the Rev. Mr. Abbott, ignorance would not be found, if there was a sulfiagent of the New York Society for the Diffusion of ciency of scientific apparatus in our schools. Useful Knowledge, was invited to lay before the The debate was further continued by Messrs. convention a statement relative to the different text Rochester, Mayhew, Dwight and Storkes, when the books now in use, at 8 o'clock this evening.
resolution was unanimously adopted.
On motion of Mr. Rochester, the thanks of this METHODS OF TEACHING,
convention were presented to Prof. Davies, for his A resolution offered by Mr. Rochester, that a able address of this morning, and he was requested committee of three be appointed by the chair, to
to furnish a copy of the same for publication. report to the next convention apon the method of
DISTRICT LIBRARIES. teaching, and the best manner of adopting a uniform system, came up.
Mr. Rochester called attention to the subject of Mr. Stevens suggested that as this was an im- the place of keeping the distriet libraries. He portant subject, the committee had better consist of deemed it very desirable that they should be kept five.
in the school house, at least during term time. In Mr. Dwight hoped not, from the increased dimi- his own experience, the statistics showed that the culty of their co-operation. He was glad to see books were read, more or less, in the ratio that the the subject introduced, as he was satisfied that there library was near io or distant from the school house. were several points on which the majority of teach- ' As the Superintendent was present he should be ers needed instruction, if he might be allowed to pleased to hear his views.
He found that a system of oral instruction Col. Young said, that was a subject to which he was coming more and more in vogue among those had given some reflection; but recently a letter who devoted attention to the subject. One advan- had been addressed to Mr. Dwight on the same subtage to be secured by that system was, that teachers ject, by Mr. Wadsworth, a gentleman who took a would be compelled to improve themselves. very great interest in every thing connected with
Mr. Rochester had no other objection to in- our schools. But there was a ditliculty in the way creasing the number of the committee, than that of interference by the Department with the custoindicated by the gentleman from Albany-uat dy of the books, inasmuch as the trustees were rethere would be more pieces to put together, and sponsible for them. If he should direct the books consequently less prospect of unanimity in the re- to be place in the school room, under the charge port. He had the subject of oral instruction in of the teacher, and the teacher should be a transient contemplation when he offered the resolution. He person, and at the close of his three months' term, desired to introduce a plan which would do away should carry away half of the library, 2 or 300 with the merely hearing of recitations by the book. miles from ihe district, tlie trustees would be liable Any one who could real, could do that; yet that to be sued. If the loss had been incarreil in conwas the way that most schools and most sciences sequence of obeying the order of the Department, were now taught in this state.
the Superintendent would be placed in an awkwari The resolution was adopted, and the President position. The control of this matter must be left named Messrs. Rochester, Denman and Woodin as with the trustees, and with the people of the dissuch committee.
trict. He recommended that the deputies should, Mr. Myers offered a resolution recommending in their lectures and aduresses to meetings of the the introduction into our common schools, of scien- inhabitants, bring the subject of the library before tific apparatus, globes, maps, black-boards, &c. the people---inform them what stores of know
Mr. A. Wright warmly advocated the resolution, ledge were there provided, for the benefit of themand spoke of the good effect which the introduction selves and their children. Where the trustees of such apparatus would have. It resulted in bene- could place confidence in the teacher, it would be fit not only to the mind, but to the morals of the better, on many accounts, to appoint him sub-librapupils. This subject was not sufliciently regarded rian, or, if he should be a resident of the district by the inhabitants of the State. He hoped ihe re- and a voter, he might be chosen librarian. As the solution would be adopted, and that he would go law stood, the departmeni could do no more than home determined to carry it into effect.
advise, as to the place of keeping the library. Mr. Clement also advocated the resolution, and Mr. Tidd said it was lamentable, considering the spoke particularly of the benefit of blackboards. liberal provision that had been made by the state, He believed the want of such was one great reason of mental aliment, that so little use was made of it. why there was so little thorough and practical He had made it a point, in the county of Chemung, knowledge of the sciences, on the part of both to urge the keeping of the library in the schoolteachers and scholars. A globe too, he considered house, and he had succeeded in more than twoas of great importance to be placed in the school thirds of the districts. The effect was manifest, in room. Mr. C. stated some facts which had fell un- every instance, in an increased circulation of the der his observation, as illustrative of his position. books.
Mr. Stevens was in favor of the resolution. He Mr. Patchin gave some interesting facts as to the spoke of some of the frivolous objections made by effect in parts of Livingston county, of transferring some Trustees in his county against blackboards. the libraries from private dwellings to the schoolBut uniformly recommended their procurement, 'houses. Libraries that had but from two to five
books in circulation, were found, after the trans- persuasion of preaching, as it were; and when it fer, to have from eighty lo one hundred. Mr. P. was known from history that false doctrines haud urged the importance of making the rule as gene- been promulgated by preaching that Mahommeral as possible. To obviate the objection of the danism had spread through that means-was it not irresponsibility of the teacher, he would recom- incumbent upon us to use them for spreading the mend to the trustees to engage him upon the condi- truth? There was much dependent on the manner tion, that he should act as librarian, and any loss of discharging such duties as devolved on the Suincurred through his neglect, should be deducted perintendents. The manner should be conciliatofrom his wages. Besides, was a man who could ry-far removed from any thing like dictation. not be trusted with the charge of a few books, fit There should be the utmost delicacy in examining to be entrusted with mind ?
teachers. Were he discharging inat duty, even Mr. Dwight offered the following resolution, if he knew a teacher to be deficient, he would not which was adopted :
tell him so before his pupils. Children, although Resoired, That to increase the usefulness of the Li. very small, have keen perceptions, and the teacher braries, and to facilitate the examination of their con might thus lose respect in their eyes. dition by the county Superintendents, and thus to se. The County Superintendents, by the exercise of cure their preservation, it is expedient that in all cases great industry as well as discretion-by talking they should be kept in the district school house, when with and advising the teachers, but showing no by so doing, the safety of the books will not be jeopoldictatorial spirit-by convening the people, and arded.
Mr. Randall read from a communication of the awakening their interest in the cause of education Superintendent giving his views on this question. I-by assembling the teachers of a rown, and inter
changing views and communicating improvements He thought the Department had gone as far as it could effect inestimable good. In this way, could go under the present law. The Trustees more could be effected than by any number of orwere made responsible for the sase keeping of the linances of legislation, or rules issued from the Library. Col. Young said if the teacher was a resident of Department. He felt that he was powerless com
pared with the County Superintendents. They the district and a voter he could be Librarian. But could go to the houses of the inhabitants-rouse if he was not, he was not eligible to that office. the apathetic--stimulate the lax-and advise and The whole matter must be left with the Trustees, aid those who were disposed to be actively enand if they have confidence in the Teacher, though gaged. They could demonstrate to parents how he be not a resident of a district, they could make much economy of time there was in employing a him a sub-Librarian.
a good teacher rather than a poor one; that more DUTY OF CITIZENS, &c.
could be learned in six months under one, than in Mr. Frazier, from the committee on the duties of eighteen under another; and that their children's citizens, reported in part, by offering the following daily expenses were the same in both cases. They resolution :
could point out what great advantages the man Resolved, That all improvement in ons common will reap from the better education of the child. schools, very greatly depends on the inhabitants them. They could excite a spirit of emulation among the selves; and that the best care and supervision cannot teachers, to excel in their high vocation. These be of avail, if the inhabitants refuse their sanction and were the daily duties of the Superintendents; and support.
it must be a grateful reward to witness their sucMr. F. remarked, that this subject was so im- cess—to see the spirit which they have sent abroad portant, and the aspecís in which it should be treat- caught by a few of the most intelligent inhabitants, el so varied, that the committee selt the impossi- and rapidly spreading to others, and manifesting bility of doing justice to it in the time allowed for its beneticial results. making a report to the convention. They thought He repeatedl-the weapon of the County Superinthey would best discharge their duty by submitting tendent was persuasion. The law of the last sesa résolution in general ierms.
sion, depriving any county of the public money Messrs. Clement. Henry, Patchin, Mayhew, which shall not appoint a County Superintendeni, Storks and Woodin each submitted some sugges- was probably sufficiently, penal, and wouli, no tions, and gave illustrations of the state of public doubi, prove entirely efficient. It was natural that sentiment in their respective counties, on the sub- men should be attached to the customs to which ject of education.
they have been educated--or rather that they Mr. Dwight said the subject embraced in the re- should be slow to appreciate the merits of new solution was indeed an important one, and the con- systems. Nor was there anything strange in the vention would no doubt be gratified to hear the repugnance which some of the Superintendents views of their honored Superintendent upon it. hac noticed, in men to visit schools. He had him
Col. Young said he came into the convention as self been taught in the old style; he had sat for an auditor, being fully aware that it was composed hours on a slub bench, without a back. Ile was of men better qualified than he was to enlighten not at all surprised that men of 45 or 60 should anothers on the practical business of education. Heticipate no pleasure in going into a school house; knew that, not only from the fact that ihey were be felt an instinctive horror when he looked at one all men of experience in that pursuit, but from the himself. Col. Y. here alluded to the remarks of reports which he had received from thiem-re- Prof. Potter, this morning, on the subject vf the ports which he was proud of, anıl which he re- too long continement of children. Nature required garded as containing more actual knowledge that all young animals should have exercise, withmore practical inforination on the subject of com out which, the muscles cannot become hardeneil, mon schools in this state, than had been embodied nor the frame developed. As a rule, he hai rather before for years.
children should be kept in school three hours than On the important subject of public sentiment, a longer time. however, he would say a few words. Public sentiment could be created. The County Superin
Col. Y. said he had thought that if the County tendents, by lectures and by conversations with Superintendents should classify the subjects conthe people, could diffuse a light which would go nected with education, and divide them among home to the bosoms and consciences of parents and each other, that this state could furnish a book of citizens. That influence had alreally in part been reports of great value, not only in this state, but in felt; and it would be found that where the Super- other States, and in Europe. He thought so, from intendents had been most industrious, it was felt
what he knew the Superintendents could do. He in the highest degree. Their office was one of alluded to some of the reports made last winter,
particularly to one by Mr. Mayhew, of Jefferson; all, a propriety in the examples which were given. and there were others also displaying great abi- In this last particular, the committee had found lity.
that the great mass of books failed. Numerous He concluded by urging the Superintendents to examples were given, taken from different works, seek to enlist public feeling-to identify themselves which were objected to on the ground of low vulwith that feeling-in short, to become popular. garity and irreverence. The committee were not That end attained, and there was hardly a limit to fully prepared to report. The investigacion had their power for good.
been already narrowed down to three grammars, Seven o'clock, P. M. one of which was English, and two American.
The committee had been most diligently and arduTEXT BOOKS.
ously engaged for eighteen months. Mr W. Wright repor'eil on the subject ofan uni The next subject of inquiry would be the arithformity of text books, that
metics. While he had not selt permitted to call While the commiliee regard the subject of an uni. the names of the books which had been under reformity of lert books of great and vital importance, yet view, yet he might be permitted to say that there in the accomplishnient if so desirable an object, the were two books which had been pronounced encommittee tind that there are at present insuperabie tirely faultless by the unanimous expression of the barriers. It will be recollected that it the last annual nieeting of this convention, it wils "recommended that
friends of education throughout the country: these the Deputies of the several counties convenc s many
were “Colburn's First Lessons in Intellectual of the inhabitants of the several districts within their | Arithmetic,” and “ Porter's Rhetorical Reader." jurisdiction as may be possible, and recommend the On motion of Mr. King, the thanks of the conappoiniment of a comunitiee to prepare lists of suitable vention were presented to the “New-York Socitext books for their adoption.” Presuming ibat many, ety for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge,” for it' not all of the Deputies have alreidy icted upon this subject, and with the concurrence of the friends of pou and to their corresponding secretary for his able
the interest manifested in the cause of education, pular eclucation in their respective counties, have al. ready committed themselves to certain work, and are
and interesting address this evening. consequently imprepared to sanction any selection that
The resolucions under discussion when Mr. Ab. a committee of this convention mighi hope to make for bot commenced his address, were then taken up the State, we are therefore forced to the conclusion, and a lopted. that, however desirable uniformity may be, uniformity The convention then adjourned. at prevent is impract cohle The cominiilee beg leave, therefore, to other the following resolutions, viz:
Friday morning, May 19. Resolred, That it is inexpedient, if not imjisacricable, for this convention to recommend, at this tine, a list
Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Bullions. of text books for the use of the common schools of
Mr. Tidu offered the following resolution: this State. Resolred, That a commitee of one from each Senato.
PRIVATE SCHOOLS. rial district be appointed, to take into consideration Whereas, the common school is congenial with the the subject of " miformily of text books,” and report institutions of our country, and affords greater facili. at the next convention.
ties for the education of the masses of the people than
ny other instirution: therefore, The report was discussed by Messrs. Randall,
Resolved, Thaiinis convention recommend to parents Woodin, Foord, Sievens, Clement, Patchin, and and guardians Thai they use all their influence to ele. 0:hers.
vate the condition of common schools to such a degree Rev. Mr. Abbot addressed the convention, give os exeellence as will wholly supersede the necessity of ins ile results of an examination of a committee
select schools. o the “ New-York State Society for the Ditusion And afier further debate between Messrs. Woodoi Useful Knowledge, ' in relation to the relative in, Stevens, Cleaveland and Mayhew, the resolumerits of the various text books in use in the tion was adopted. county. Of the spelling books, there were one The President announced the following as the Tundred and twenty brought under critical and committee to report at the next convention on the careful examination for about eight months. The subject of text books: Messrs. Stone, Clement, result was given in a printed report of the com Fonda, Sprague, W. Wright, Patchin, Hopkins mittee. The examination resulted in the selection and Rochesier. of only two out of the one hundred and twenty,
These as being worthy of special examination.
FEMALE TEACHERS. t" 0 were then minutely criticised, the respective Mr. A. Wright, from the committee to whom authors having appeared before the commitiee, and was referred the subject of female teachers, made explained their distinctive principles. Mr. A. the following report: then read from the report of the committee, saying The influence of moral and well educated females that he should, from motives that would be appre- has always been salutary in the highest degree. It is ciated by all, withhold the names of the authors of only in savage or barbarons nations where ihe weaker these two books.
sexis kept in ignor oer and degradation, that woman The next subject was grammars. A catalogue does not shed a healthy and softening influence on all
who come within her rech. of ihree hundred and fifty was furnished the com
The fireside, the social
circle, and many of the more public assemblies, owe mittee, one hundredi and sixty-four of which were
most of their charms to the presence of enlightened British, and the rest American. They had been females. published at different perious, from 1690 10 1810. Nature has wisely constiinted the female the earliest More than one hundred and fifty specimens were guardian and natural protector of the child; and as before the committee. There were two kinds of the God of nature always adopts the best means to acgrammars; one where the author was an inde complish the desired eni's, he has endowed her with all pendent thinker, and the other where he was a
that beauty of person, millness of disposition, gentle. mere copyist.' He alluded to the fact that Murray
ness, kindness, unwearied parience, and love of chil.
dren, which eminently quality her for the arduous and had borrowed largely from one of his predeces- important duty of guiding the youth of our land to vir. sors, but others had more than retaliated upon him; tue, intelligence, usefulness and happiness. for the committee found more than one hunuired The accomplished female cacher can usually con. grammars which were almost literally copied from trol by moral means the tumulluous passions and tur. Murray. He also spoke of the different styles in bulent conduct of the scholars, even more effectually which the grammars were got up. The essential
than the male; they more usually introduce into their
schools delightful exercises in vocal music ; they have characteristics of a good grammar were--a proper greater tact in dealing with the minds of small chil. • system of arrangement-correctness, precision and dren, and are equally capable of teaching nearly all the definition of the rules and a clearness, and above sciences which are introduced our primary schools.
And believing, as your committee do, that frequent that female teachers would be employed in the changes of teachers prove injurious to the schools, and winter schools. Nor was this anticipated some that well qualified females are much to be preferred to three or four years ago in Massachusetts-where ordinary males as teachers, we think the time has ar. rived when a more general employment of them should female teachers of proper qualifications could bet
now it bad been shown by actual experiment, that be encouraged.
We therefore offer for the consideration of the con ter manage turbulent young men of 18 and 19 than vention, the following resolutions :
male teachers. He had concluded, from what he Resolred, That we will use every exertion to induce had heard, that well qualified females could teach the females of our country to qualify themselves for a winter school as well as males, and that they the very appropriate duty of becoming !he permanent would eventually superseile males in our common and professional teachers of our primary schools. schools. They were cheaper, and could teach the Adopied.
Resolved, That we earnestly recommend the employ- elementary branches as well as men. They learnment of female teachers in the summer schools, and ed perhaps with more intuitive quickness than in all winter schools, where the circumstances render males. Some of the best mathematicians and asit proper and expedient.
tronomers had been females. Some of the best Col. Young read an extract from the Report of teachers in the higher seminaries of learning had the Board of Education of Massachusetts, showing occasionally been females. He should not, how. the success of the experiment of employing female ever, recommend such a change as would put them teachers in that State.
at the head of our colleges; but he believed them Col. Stone said it was hardly worth while to dis- to be as competent to conduct all branches of comcuss a proposition to which there was no opposi- mon education as males. He did not think the re. tion. He rose, therefore, not to debate the resolu- solutions went too far; and if he were now to give tion, but to express his entire concurrence in it. advice and direction in reserence to the examina
There could be no question that females did exer- tion of female teachers, he should somewhat vary cise a happier and more powerful influence over the language of the former State Superintendent. the minds of children than males, and that they He should not say that they should not undergo as were persectly competent, might be made obvious strict an examination in all the departmenis, as to any one who would look into the schools taught
males. Particularly where they were to teach by them. He spoke, of course, with reference to winter schools, they should have the same examithe schools under his supervision. There were
nation. many of these teachers in New York, that ranked
Col. Stone did not understand the resolutions as as high intellectually, and on the score of attain contemplating the employment of females to the ment and thorough discipline, as any of the males. exclusion of males. He was not a disciple of MaHe could name several, and would, but for the fact ry Woolstoncraft. He would not put females on that females shrunk from having their names given the bench in the couris of justice, or in the jury in the newspapers. In respect to moral influence, room, or in Congress; but as a general rule, he the female teachers were better than males, and in believed that in moulding the young mind, women all the departments of knowledge taught in the exercised a stronger, a more healthful moral influcommon schools, they were fully competent. This ence. He did not believe in carrying out the prowas the result of his experience.
jects of modern theorists, such as unsexing the sex, Mr. Woodin fally concurred in these remarks, and putting them in boots and pantaloons. But he saying, however, that as there was no arguing did know that females were as competent to teach against facts, he would state one or two in illustra- every branch of human knowledge as males-as tion of the capacity and peculiar qualifications of well. qualified intellectually as in every other refemale teachers--which he did-drawing his illus- spect., He hail thought they did not as readily trations from results in his own county.
grasp the mathematical science, or the science of Mr. Shumway also took ground in favor of the political economy, as males. resolutions.
Col. Young--Miss Martineau is as good a politiMr. Denman remarked upon the array of strength cal economist, if not mathematician, as any of which the resolutions seemed to call out, and the
them. futility of any attempt on his part to combat the
Col. Stone replied that Miss Martineau was an general feeling. Nevertheless, he felt that quali- exception to the general rule, and went on to say, fications, and not sex, should be the test; that be that in a conversation with Dr. Wayland, the other fore females should become professional teachers, day, he (Col. S.) had told him that he had examinthe relative duties and avocations of the two sexes ed a class, recently taught by a female, in moral should be changed; that until there was such a re
philosophy, that would vie with any class ever volution in the social system, it was idle to think turned out of Brown l niversity; and it was liteof females taking charge of our primary schools; rally true. Away, then, with the idea that we that young women were not the persons to teach
were introducing a sort of-he did not know how lads of sixteen. He had no objection that females to express himself-he liked to have said, a lower should have charge of the younger children; but order of petticoat government. There was no fear the idea conveyed in the resolution that females of that; and if county superintendents did their were to be encouraged to qualify themselves to duly, there could be no danger that any evil would teach all the primary schools, with a view ulti- result from encouragement to females to make mately the exclusion of male teachers,was going teaching a profession. too far.
The resolutions were for the present laid on the Mr. A. Wright denied that the resolutions went table, but afterwards taken up and adopted. that length, insisting that they nierely recommendied the employment of well qualified female teach.
VOCAL MUSIC. ers, when first rate male teachers could not be Mr. Sprague, from the committee on the subject had.
of vocal music, submitted a report, concluding Mr. Myers fully concurred in the resolutions, with a series of resolutions strongly urging the inthough it struck him that they went far beyond the troduction into the common schools of exercises in case contemplated by the State Superintendent, vocal music, and instruction in the rudiments of in his instructions on the subject of female teach the science.
The hour having arrived for the exhibition of Col. Young said no instructions had been issued the proficiency of Prof. Illsley's pupils in vocal on this subject since he had had charge of the De- music, on motion of Mr. Randall, the resolutions partment. His predecessor had given such instruc- were laid on the table. tions, but Mr. Spencer evidently did not anticipate Prof. Illsley here introduced his choir of juvenile