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last year's convention, declaring that as a general School Journal was read, the more happy would be rule, a teacher who could govern himself, could the influence exerteil. Such had invariably been discipline a school without corporal punishment, its effect in his county. He was no advocate for and that a person who could noi govern himself, the rod. The best schools that had come under was not fit to be entrusted with the sacred duly of his supervision were those where the rod was used the inséruction of youth.
the least, or not at all. But let the scholars know Mr.
du spoke of the action of the convention beforehand that the teacher has no right under any of last year on this subject. He thought we should emergency to inflict corporal punishment, and he recognize the right of the teacher to inflict corpo- might as well lock up the school house and quit at ral punishment upon the scholars, when necessity once, to save being turned out of doors by the required it. While he would recommend to all to scholars. endeavor to govern schools entirely upon the prin Mr. Frazier explaineil that he did not mean to atciple of moral suasion, he would yet let the scho tack the Journal. Its influence generally had been lars understand that there was something behind most salutary. All that he has said was that he the desk, which would be used, if good govern- believed the recommendation to dispense entirely ment could not otherwise be enforced.
with corporal punishment, had had a deleierious Mr. A. Wright said the resolution did not deny effect in some instances. the right of the teacher to inflict corporal pun Mr. Henry did not understand the resolution as ishment in cases of necessity, but only asserted as denying the right to inflict corporal punishment. a general principle, that flagellation was not the It only asserted a general principle. proper means to govern the mind. There undoubt. Col. Stone, after explaining under what circumedly are cases where the rod must be applied, but, stances the committee had reported this resolution, as a general principle, he insisted that it was true, remarked that he dissented entirely from the printhat a teacher who can govern himself, could go- ciple that corporal punishment is in no cases nevern his school without the rod.
cessary. At times it is the only resort of the Mr. Holcomb renewed the amendment which Teacher. He spoke particularly of the schools in was offered last year, which in substance declares the city of New York. Let the teacher there be that while the right of the teacher to inflict punish- fettered in that respect, and he would be tumbled ment is recognized, yet the convention recom into the gutter by the scholars in a very short time, mend to use moral suasion as the best mode of go- and without much ceremony. The great point verning schools, &c. &c. He thought it would be should be, to obtain teachers fully qualified-not absolutely dangerous to let the scholars know be only in respect to their intellectual attainments, forehand that, whatever might be their conduct, but also their habits, tempers, &c.
When you no correcting power was lodge:l in the hands of have obtained such a teacher, it must be left entirethe teacher.
ly to his own discretion when to inflict corporal Mr. Frazier was satisfied, from what had sell punishment, and when to forbear. He gave a hisunder his observation in his county, that the distory of the only case where complaint had been pensing with corporal punishment entirely had maile to him of undue punishment by one of the resulted in great harm to the schools; and he be- teachers. A mother came with her boy of about lieved that ihe communication of Mr. Randall in 15 years old, and told her story, which appeared to the District School Journal, on dispensing with cor show that too much severity had been used. Upon poral punishment, had done injury in some in- hearing the statement of the teacher, however, he stances,
was satisfied that he was fully justified. The seMr. A. Wright was sorry to hear that the Dis- | quel proved the correctness of his decision. The trict School Journal had done injury to the schools mother withdrew her boy from the school on acin any county. Such certainly had not been its ef count of the flogging, and it was but a few months fect in Washington county. There, teachers who before he obtained such control over her that the some time since believed that a rod five feet long family were obliged to move some four miles was absolutely necessary, had been inducel to down town, in order that she might have the assisthrow it aside, and the resuit had been better tance of her father to keep the unruly son in subdiscipline in the schools, and greater attainments jection. in the branches taught, while at the same time Mr. Randall was firmly of the opinion that corthe scholars were permitteil to keep their backs poral punishment was in no case necessary. It sound.
was either right or it was wrong. If it was right, Mr. Dwight said he by no means held himself then we should pass no resolution on the subject. responsible for all the doctrines put forth in the If it is wrong, then it is all wrong, and should be various communications which appeared in the done away with entirely. There could be no such District Journal. But he thought the gentleman thing as half right and half wrong about this busifrom Broome (Mr. Frazier) would look in vain in ness. He believed it was all wrong. The busithe Journal to find the doctrine advanced that cor ness of a school was to develop the intellectual poral punishment should never be employed. He powers of the pupils. Punishment was an address believed that the teachers had right to inflict it, but only to the animal feelings, and certainly was not wished the convention to pass some resolution ex- necessary to assist the development of the higher pressive of its sense of the mannerand the occasions faculties of man. of its a:lministration. Heretofore it had been in Mr. W. Wright stated a fact which came under flicted to an extent bordering on barbarity. He his own observation. A teacher who was every would not take from the teacher the right to en way qualified for the performance of his duties, force the laws of his school, yet he would do all announced to the scholars at the beginning of the in his power to inculcate upon all the expediency school, that in no case would corporal punishanıt importance of endeavoring to rule by moral ment be resorted to. The result was soon seen.-suasion and the law of love, rather than by the in- Insubordination began to be manifested, and before fliction of corporal chastisement.
the term was half out, the teacher was, to use the He did not believe the sentiment of the resolution language of his friend, “tumbled into the ditch.” was strictly true. He had no doubt there were very He spoke at length of the effect which the passage many persons who could and did govern them- of such a resolution would have. It would be selves well, but yet who could not dispense, upon most disastrous. Take away from the teacher the all occasions, with the use of the rod in school. power to assert his rights, and to maintain them, if He preferred the amendment to the original reso- necessary, by the infliction of personal chastiselution.
ment, and you open the flood gates of insubordinaMr. Woodin believed that the more the District | tion and crime. As a general rule, it was neces
sary to inflict personal punishment. If there were the power to do so. If any gentleman was disschools where it was not necessary, they were the posed to take the affirmative side of this question, exceptions to this general rule.
and argue in favor of the principle of corporal On motion of Mr. Rochester, the resolution was punishment, he should be happy to hear him, but laid on the table until the afternoon session. he hoped he would go one step farther than to ad
On motion of Mr. Randall the new common vance the mere assertion that schools could not be school law was made the special order for to-mor- governed without it, because he should meet that row at 9 o'clock.
with the counter assertion, that the failure only The President announced the following standing proved the inefficiency of the teachers. The best committees :
schools in this and other states, were governed Christian Morals-Messrs. Dwight, Finch and Blau. without corporal punishment. The argument of velt.
gentlemen would forever preclude the general inNormal Schools-Messrs. Denman, Sprague and Pal. troduction of female teachers, which all acknow.
ledge to be desirable; for females had not the physi. Free School System--Messrs. Stone, Woodin and cal ability to cope with refractory pupils. Tooker. Female Teachers-Messrs. A. Wright, Myers and Hop- had had some practical experience in visiting
Mr. Rochester thought, if the General Deputy kins.
Music and Drawing-Messrs. Sprague, Shumway and schools, it would bring his mind to a different Storkes.
conclusion. It was not alone in literary qualificaSchool Discipline-Messrs. Henry, Frazier and Tooker. tion, that teachers were generally deficient. There
Methods of Teaching-Messrs. Comstock, Foord and was a want of training in the capacity to govern. Stevens.
True, there were some men “born to command” Duties of County Superintendents-Messrs. Hopkins, whose countenance enforces obedience. Such Holcomb and Tooker.
District School Journal-Messrs. Woodin, Randalland men can govern better without corporal punishNay.
ment than others can with it; but they are excepTown Superintendents-Messrs. Finch, Randall and tions. Take the large majority of districts-parHardenburgh.
ticularly in cities and the larger villages, where Text Books-Messrs. W. Wright, Tallmadge and Hop- there are many children who have not the benefit kins School Apparatus-Messrs. Myers, Frazier and Tidd. er who should attempt to govern merely by moral
of proper parental training--and an ordinary teachLibraries-Messrs. Rochester, Fonda and Parchin. Judicial System--Messrs. Ma chester, Randall and suasion, must fail. When every district was furStevens.
nished with such a teacher as he could desire to School Houses-Messrs. Mayhew, Finch and Tooker. see, then corporal punishment might be dispensed
Physical Educalion-Messrs. Patchin, Dwight and with. Such a state of things would be greatly in Rochester.
accordance with his feelings; but he apprehended Duty of Inhabitants-Messrs. Frazier, Foord and Com. it would take years to arrive at it. Voluntary Association and Female Influence~Messrs. the proceedings of this convention were to be felt
Mr. Tooker said it was clear to his mind that Fonda, Denman and Henry. The Convention then took a recess until 3 o’- tone to the public mind on the great subject, to
throughout the whole community; and tend to give clock.
discuss which they had assembled. Those who
Three o'clock. Mr. S. S. Randall presented certain books, with tion of corporal punishment-went upon the sup;
would retain this relict of barbarism—the inflica communication from Rev. P. Bullions. Mr. Frazier presented a communication from not govern
a school without. He would say, in
position that there were many teachers who could Mr. J. Holbrook on the subject of Geology, which such case, let the officers take away the credenwas referred to the business committee.
tials. Was there no other mode of enforcing obeCORPORAL PUNISHMENT.
dience to rules than by blows? It has been said Mr. Randall called for the consideration of the that there was biblical authority for the use of the resolution in relation to the infliction of corporal rod; and he admitted that the wisest man that ever punishment in schools.
livedl, could be quoted for it; but there was a difThe question was announced, on an amendment, serence between a parent's correcting a child, and declaratory of the authority of a teacher, to be the a teacher, who may not have the power to govern same as that of a parent over a wayward child.
himself. If a child should prove hopelessly reMr. Hardenbergh remarked that this subject had fractory, reserence might be hail to the trustees. been pretty freely discussed at the last convention, There was no obligation to keep such a child in and the debate had been published in the District the school. Many teachers were not judges of the School Journal. It had been again discussed this manner and degree of punishments. Instances had morning; and he had no doubt the convention were been known, where the brain had been affected by a prepared to vote upon it without farther talking. jured, by a blow on the side of the head; and thus
blow upon the headl-the tympanum of the ear in. He hoped the question would be taken.
Mr. Randall did not propose to occupy much of the a teacher might inflict an injury in a moment of time of the convention; but he did not agree with heat, which his whole lifetime would be unable to the gentlemen in the opinion, that this convention, repair. Teachers should work with the minds of or the public generally, had sufficiently discussed their pupils; convince them that they are wrong, this subject. He regarded it as one of vital im- and that was the very best means of preventing poriance-as affecting materially the whole system a repetition of the offence. of school education. He had been amused at the
Mr. Dwight moved the following amendment to shifts which the advocates for retaining this relic the resolution :of barbarism, (as he regarded it) resoried to. The Resolved, That while we recognize the authority of a resolution, as it came from the committee, took the teacher to be similar to that of a parent over his child, broad ground that a teacher who could govern we believe that corporal punishment should be the last himself could govern a school without corporal resort, and when inficied by a teacher, should be in punishment. The corollary, he supposed, follow- private, and never without serious and friendly ad
monition. ed, of course, that one incapable of governing him-, self was unfit to be a teacher. He supposed no Mr. Dwight said that in this form, the resolutio one would think of granting a certificate to such a would meet most of the objections that had bee person. But to adopt the proposed amendment, urged by those who opposed the amendment. H would be to say that teachers ought never to inflict agreed with those who argued that the governmenn corporal punishment, yet that they ought to have of a school should be similar to that of a well go.
verned family; and he believed that corporal pun- sion of such influence and discipline as shall clevate the ishment was sometimes necessary in families, for moral sentiments, form virtuous babits and prepare for the benefit of a child-perhaps not necessary to be the various duties of life. resorted to but once in a lifetime, and with some
Whereas, a daily and simultaneous recapitulation of children not at all; but there were instances, where pils of some of the schools in this state, has been found
some of the most imperative moral precepts by the pn. to spare it, would be to trifle with the welfare and by experience to be very salutary, happiness of the child. It had been said that the
Therefore, refractory children might be turned out of school; Resolved, That the general adoption of this or some but would the inhabitants be satisfied with that similar practice be recommended by this convention to mode of breaking up the school? Would they not the favorable consideration of the irustees, employers say it was the duty of the teacher to govern bis pu- and tcachers of our common schools througbout the
State. pils? There was much in the manner of inflicting
Exemplifiedpunishment. Let time be given for reflection, and
I must not be angry." then let the delinquent be told of his fault in pri "I must be pleasant and kind to all.” vate, and he will probably fall on his kness and "I must obey my parents." confess it, whereas if he had been called out be. “God will not hold bim guiltless that taketh his game fore the school, he would have stood up and play
in vain." ed the hero. His friend the General Deputy, urged
"God always sees me." that this doctrine was inconsistent with the gene
“I should depart from evil and learn to do good."
Resolved, That a daily lesson on moral duty, in which ral employment of female teachers. Mr. D. be- the teacher should orally by question and answer, by lieved there was no one so Quixotic as to suppose anecdote and argumeni, illustrate and enforce the that our schools were now in a condition to admit child's various social relations and responsibilities, of the universal introduction of what he certainly would be very desirable, and if judiciously given could regarded as the best influence in teaching. He not but prove eminently useful. should be happy if they reached that point ten
Whereas, Precept without corresponding example on years hence. Mr. D. urged the convention to take and whereas all didactic lessons in duty ought to be
the part of the preceptor, is often worse than useless : no action which they could not sustain, and be sus- illustrated in the individual i realment which pupils re. tained in by the community. Better advance slow-ceive at the hands of the teacher, as well as in the ge. ly and upon firm ground, ihan incur the hazard of neral management of the school: a retrograde step.
Therefore, Mr. Denman took similar grounds. He believed
Resolved, That the attention of teachers is earnestly if all parents would do their duty by their child- and affectionately invited to the great and pressing ne. ren, corporal punishment would not be necessary in their personal de portment, and in the administration
of exemplifying the true principles of morality for the government of the schools. But they do of discipline. not, and it is absolutely necessary for the teacher to use the rod. He dissented from the principle of such exercises, to avoid every appearance of sec
Mr. Tooker said great care should be taken in the original resolution, that a person who could govern himself could in all cases govern others. tarianism. If the lessons were confined merely to the There were very many exceptions, and he stated decalogue, or to general and cardinal moral duties, some that had fallen under his own observation.
probably not even a skeptic could object to it.
Mr. Tidd wished some action taken on this subMr. D. H. Stevens supposed one object of punish- ject by this Convention. The question had frement to be the reformation of the pupil. This he was quently been put to him by teachers in his county, satisfied corporal punishment would not do. would state a fact which fell under his own obser: He had uniformly told them to follow the dictates an offset to the case cited by Mr. W. Wright, he who felt it to be their duty to open and close their
school with prayer, whether it could be permitted. vation. A teacher in his county was in the habit of their own conscience on that point. Still he of inflicting corporal punishment to a very great wished the Convention to take some action. He extent. The result was that the children turned him out of doors. Another teacher was then hired; recommended would be adopted in every school in
was in favor of the resolution, and hoped the plan and he told the scholars beforehand that he should the state. There was one case in Chemung coun. in no case inflict corporal punishment. He (Mr. S.) not long after visited that school, and a better ty, where the trustees objected to the opening of regulated one he never saw. The teacher had suc, such was his method, and unless he was permittel
the school with prayer. The teacher told them that ceeded ailmirably with his new system. He could to do as he chose in that respect, they must look not sustain the idea for a moment that corporal elsewhere for a teacher. He was so well qualified punishment was necessary in our common schools.
Mr. Randall offered a substitute for the amend- to teach, that they did not discharge him, and evenment of Mr. Dwight, declaring that as the object tually he was sustained in his course by the dis
trict. of education was the development of the intellectual and moral qualities, the application of physi- were such as all could unite in, and he thought
Mr. Dwight said the proposed lessons on duty cal force was not the proper means to attain that there would be less ditficulty in carrying out this object-and that corporal punishment in our recommendation than las generally anticipateti. schools ought to be discountenanced by every in- He had adopted similar exercises in a number of telligent friend of education.
The discussion was further continued by Messrs. schools in Ontario county, and in every case sucRandall, Dwight, Woodin, W. Wright, Henry, 'rents of the children would co-operate with him.
He found that the paDenman and Mayhew The amendment of Mr. Randall was lost by ayes tants were followers of Toni Paine, and who taught
There was one district where many of the inhabiand noes--ayes 6, noes 25. The substitute of Mr. Dwight was then adopted that had ever lived. They called a meeting of the dis
their children to believe that he was the greatest man by a large majority.
trict to protest against Mr. D's. act in introducing siMORAL DISCIPLINE OF THE SCHOOLS. milar exercises. But when called upon singly to say Mr. Dwight, from the committee on Christian whether they had any objection to permit their morals, reported the following resolutions:
children to be taught in the way which had been Resolved, that whereas knowledge without virtue is advised in the school, every person replied in no guarantee of private or public bappiness; and the negative. So would it be generally found. whereas our schools are too generally occupied with The story of Ethan Allen was in point. On his the former to the neglect of the latter :'therefore resolv: death bed, in answer to the inquiry of his daughed, that we will give earnest and immediate attentio ter whether he desired her to follow his precepts 10 the introduction into the schools under our supervi. I or those of her pious mother, he answered, “ fol
low your mother.” He was for going forward- New-England were anxiously looking towards the cautiously, but still forward. If it was true that proceedings of this convention on this question, we must not move in the cause of virtue because and he trusted such a decided stand would be taken we may find opposers, our common schools are as would carry joy to their hearts. then established in vain. But such he hoped was Mr. Henry regarded this as one of the most imnot the feeling.
portant subjects that had been before the convenJir. D. Stevens hoped the resolutions would be tion. All agreed in the general principle advanced adopted without a dissenting voice. There was in the resolutions. But in carrying out the details difficulty in many districts in his county on the sub- there might be differences of opinion. ject of opening the schools with prayer. He wish Mr. Randall stated the ground which had been ed some action taken by the Convention on this recently taken by the Common School Department subject.
in relation to opening school with prayer. The Mr. Hardenburgh said if it was intended to make case was this: a female, every way qualified to it an universal practice to open the schools through-teach school, desired to close the school with out the State with prayer, he should oppose any prayer. The trustees had no other objection to the such project, however unpopular his course might teacher, and they desired to retain her, if she would be. He had no objection to the inculcation or give up this practice. They asked an order from moral lessons in the schools, but he was not for in- | the Superintendent to prohibit the opening or clostroducing religious exercises as a positive rule. If ing the schools with prayer, all over the State. the teacher made it a matter of conscience to open Mr. R. read the answer which had been returned the school with prayer, he would leave him to ex- | by him, (the Secretary being absent.) The Deercise his own discretion. But he would not com-partment highly approve of the practice, as long pel a teacher to pray in school, if he was not so as no sectarian bias is given to the exercise. The disposed. It would injure the cause of religion. request of the trustees was therefore denied. Mr.
The President remarked that such was not the R. said he had no doubt the Superintendent would intention of the resolutions.
approve of this decision, but it would be highly Without taking any question the Convention took gratifying to him if the convention would pass a recess until 7 o'clock.
iheir opinion in relation to its correctness and proSeren o'clock.
priety. The Convention met and the consideration of the
Albany, May 9, 1843. resolutions of Mr. Dwight was resumed.
Dear Sir-I understand from your letter, ihat the The President read an article from the N. Y. only objection which any of the inhabitants of your dis. Commercial Advertiser of Tuesday, in relation to trict have to the teacher, is, that she is desirous of the exclusion of the Bible from one of the district opening and closing, or at least of closing the exer. schools in the city of New York.
cises of her school with prayer. It is not alleged that Mr. Rochester made a few remarks in relation to
any apprehensions exist that attempts will be made
through this medium to inculcate the peculiar tenets his experience of the effect of opening schools of any religious denomination or sectarianism in any with prayer. It hal hal uniformly a salutary ef- form; nor can such an inference be fairly drawn from fect upon the school, and seldom had been object- any thing stated in your letter. The objection goes to ed to by the parents. He spoke too of the impor- the principle of admitting prayer under any circumtance of introducing moral exercises into the stances, as a preliminary or concluding exercise in our schools, such as the singing of a hymn, or reading common schools, and you ask whether it would not be a few verses in the Bible. He thought that moral
" well to exclude prayer from all common schools by
the teachers in the hearing of any of the pupils." instruction should go hand in hand with the intel
Regarding, as I do, the moral influences exerted by lectual. He hoped this subject would be fully dis our common schools as the fundamental attribute of cussed and some definite action adopted.
their usefulness and the great end of their institution, Rev. Mr. Abbot, being called upon by the Presi. I cannot answer this question in the affirmative. On dent, addressed the Convention on the paramount the contrary, I decidedly approve of the practice of importance of introducing moral and christian in-opening and closing the daily sessions of the school struction into our schools of education. The safe.
with prayer. At the same time, would not recomty of our country and its institutions is dependent part of choo discipline, where it is repugnant to the
mend the adoption or enforcement of this practice as a upon the character which the next generation will wishes of any considerable portion of the inhabitants bear. What shall that character be? Shall they of the district; for this would be to detract from its come on to the stage with their intellectual facul- usefulness, and 10 diminish to a serious extent its moties increased, but without a corresponding in ral influence upon the schools. Least of all would I crease of moral power? If so, the effect would be sanction the introduction of any thing partaking of a disas rous. We are to look for safety in the edu
sectarian tendency in the practice of this devotional
exercise. Any reacher guilty of such a palpable per. cation of the conscience, in regard to the moral
version of the privilege 30 enjoyed, would be unworthy duties of men. How can business be transacted of coutidence or employment. unless the principles of probity and integrity are But I cannot conceive of anything more appropriate pretlominant? These christian principles must to the introduction and close of each day's instruction be developell. He spoke, too, of the effect which in our common schools, than a reverential acknow. this moral training had in advancing the intellec
ledgement of the Creator as the source of all knowledge tual powers. This greu question was not only and the fountain and dispenser of all goodness; and I
an unwilling to believe that any Christian parent aritating our own country, but also Great Britain, would discountenance in any way this salutarý prac. where no subject was more earnestly discussed tice, when contined to its on legitimate object, the than the importance of combining moral instruc- solemn :ind habitual recognition of a superintending tion with education, as the only means of preserv. Providence. ing and strengthening the nation. He referred to The Superintendent is at present out of town, but I two reports which he held in his hand as corrobo
cannot doubt his fuil concurrence in the views I have rative of this statement.
taken in respect to your application. I am, therefore, He also spoke of the feeling on this question in f opinion that no sufficient ground exists for the dis
missal of your teacher. New-England, and referred to the excellence of
Very respectfully, Wayland's Moral Philosophy as a school book.
Your obedient servant, He described the effect which such a work hail up
S. S. RANDALL, on the minds and conduct of the pupils of the
Gen. Der Sup. Com. Schools. schools in which it was used. He hoped to see
Mr. Isaac BRINCKERHOFF, Collinsville, N. Y. that book have an universal circulation.
Mr. Tidd moved that the convention approve of This was a most important question. He did not the course adopted by the Deputy Superintendent. exaggerate when he said that ten thousand eyes in Carried unanimously.
The discussion on the resolution was continued for the immediate attention of all officers charged with .by Messrs. Cobb, Denman, W. Wright, Sprague, the supervision of the schools. Henry, Davidson, A. Wright, Comstock, Woodin, stituling the study of the elements and more practical
Resolved, That on this account the expediency of sub. Tooker and Mayhew, when the resolutions were principles of physiology, in place of some one of the unanimously adopted.
higher branches often pursued in common schools, is The convention then adjourned till 9 o'clock to-entitled to the favorable consideration of our schoolau. morrow morning.
Thursday, 9 o'clock. Resolved, That in the estimation of this Convention Prayer by Rev. Mr. Abbott.
the importance in school of good manners and cleanli. On motion of Mr. Randall, a committee of three ness, has not in all cases been sufficiently appreciated, was appointed to wait upon the Governor and other and that it deserves the careful and vigilant attention
of teachers, parents and school officers. State officers, and invite them to take seats as mem
Resolved, that the usual practice of erecting school bers of the convention.
houses on the corners of the streets and on the sides of COMMON SCHOOL LAW.
the highway, without play grounds for recreation, or The convention then proceeded to the conside- trees and shrubbery for shade and ornament, is priju. ration of the law passed by the Legislature of last dicial to the health, enjoyinent and proper mental cul. winter, in relation to common schools.
ture of children, and ought to be reformed.
A resolution was adopted, requesting the Super- veral resolutions, which were taken up separately,
Resolved, That the system of instruction generally tors of the schools in the several counties, and re- pursued in our common schools is radically detective, commending the selection of clergymen of various and that immediate and vigorous effort should be di. denominations to perform such duties.
rected to its improvement. Incidental discussion arose upon several of the Mr. A. Wright remarked that if the system was alterations of the law, but nothing of general inte- still radically defective, the consession ought rest was elicited.
scarcely to be made by a convention of superinten. On motion of Mr. Randall, the further conside- dents who had been in office about a year and a ration of the subject was postponed until this after half, and whose business it was to correct and reMr. Randall offered a resolution providing that should be, yet a change was visible, and a very
form. Though the system was not all that it the next convention be held at Rochester on the perceptible improvement, as all acknowledged. third Wednesday in May, 1814, which was agreed
Mr. Tooker suggested that the resolution should
read 6 still defective." Mr. Woodin, from the committee to which was
Mr. Storkes said it was true we had been able to referred the memorial of E. G. Squier on the sub. correct defects, but after all, practices still preject of the establishment of a Quarterly Journal of vailed which called loudly for reform. It was a Education, submitted a report, concluding, with subject which he regarded as one of the highest the following resolution, which was adopted :
importance, and which he hoped would not be Resolved, that this convention deem it inexpedient passed over without a decided expression. He was to adopt any special action at this time in reference to content with the resolution as it was, and he be. the memorial relative to the establishment of a Quar: terly Journal of Edueation, beyond the expression of lieved it would be found to express the minds of their general approbation of the object proposed to be the Convention, when understood. accomplished.
Prof. Potter (of Union College) remarked, the Mr. Hopkins, of Ontario, reported the following none were more aware than members of the Con
vention, that there were some truths that it was not resolutions, which were unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That the provision of the siate law creat always best to announce in the special forni of a ing the office of Town Superintendent of Common vote of a body, especially when that body was Schools, is hailed as a most timely and important mea. composed of individuals whose duty it was to resure, and that the members of this convention hereby medy the evils which they thus officially proclaimpledge themselves to co-operate zenlously and cor. ell. The existence of the Convention, and of all dially with the enlightened efforts which may be made the great and noble efforts now making, under the by these officers.
Whereas, united and efficient action is the result or patronage of the Legislature and of private munimutual and free consultation, and whereas, the indvan. ficence, having reserence to the cause of educatages of such consultation have not as yet been ade. tion, proceeded on the supposition that the existquately appreciated or enjoyed by the friends of educa ing modes of instruction were defective. When tion: therefore,
we sent for a physician we did not want him to tell Resolved, That in the judgment of this convention, us we were sick. That we knew before. But we meelings or associations might be usefully held, as folo wished that in all that he might say, at least, he lows: 1. Annual or more frequent meetings in each county hope. So the doctors in that Convention, when
would address himself to the great spring of healthof the several Town Superintendents in said county, together with the County Superintendent, for the pur: speaking to the great patient-the people--should pose of concerting wise systems of operation, and giv. address themselves to that generous and buoyant ing effect to such systems.
principle, which was the great remedial power in 2. Frequent meetings of the teachers within the same ihe moral and social system-the principle of hope. town or vicinity. 3 Occasional town or county conventions of inhabi. practiced upon in our individual capacities, and
It was the important principle that we always tants,
Resolved, That it is our duty, as County Superintend. which we should practice on in our collective caents, within two weeks after the appointment of Town pacity—and that was to give a cordial and energeSuperintendents, to call a meeting of those officers in tic encouragement to improvement, to tell the peoour respective counties, for the purpose of marking out ple of the district that while they were doing pretand adopting a uniform course of action in relation to ty well, they might yet do better, and that it was the discharge of our duties in connection with theirs.
our duty to suggest respectfully some mode in PHYSICAL EDUCATION.
which improvement might be made. The resoluMr. Patchin, chairman of the Committee on Phy- tions which followed this went on to suggest imsical education, reported the following resolutions provements, and with some verbal alterations which were unanimously adopted:
would be seasonable and highly useful. But if Resolved, That the almost total neglect of Physical Edu gentlemen desired to be kindly received, or to cation is an evil greatly to be deplored, and which calls have their suggestions so treated, by the people of