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land are prepared by proper intellectual and mo- JUVENILE TRAINING-SCHOOL OF THE ral culture or not, "time, with its ceaseless, GLASGOW EDUCATION SOCIETY. noiseless step, will soon bring them upon the stage of active life.” No man can seriously re.
This is the only attempt which I witnessed to fect, and feel indifferent to the education of the children and youth of our land. For, if ever this carry the" training system” of the infant-school
into the juvenile day-schools of Great Britain. country, with its heaven-born institutions crum. The endeavor is made, under this system, not bles into ruins, it will be through the ignorance, only to inculcate good principles, but also to form and consequent prostration of the morals of the
good habits-not only to teach, but to train. A people.
child entering from the infant school is prepared Free public schools, in a city like ours, are of for the instruction and discipline of this; his priceless value. If our public men, and those education goes on in the same way and with the oi influence and wealth, would devote more of same spirit here as in the former school. Other their time to this subject, and less to the misera. children, entering at six, may have possibly bad ble strifes and contentions of political warfare, habits to eradicate. Experience has proved, they would be instruments of vastly more good however, that they may be trained with the in their day and generation.
others, only at a greater cost of time and labor. The system has succeeded, thus far, beyond In this system, as in the corresponding infant the reasonable expectations of its most ardent school system, the play-ground is the “uncover. friends. To make it productive of the greatest ed school," and the moral training goes on in it; possible amount of good, requires the hearty hence the pupils must necessarily be under the co-operation of citizens, trustees, teachers, and superintendence of the master, who notices their Board of Education. Parents, in a special man. aberrations without interfering, unless when ner should lend their influence and co-operation: absolutely necessary, and makes a school room to sustain these noble institutions. They should lesson of their conduct. The effective charac. frequently visit the schools-not, however, to ter of this training is proved by the fact that censure and rebuke the teacher, and interfere one hundred and eighty children of the lower with the needed and wholesome restraint there classes of Glasgow were in the daily habit, for imposed upon the child, rendered necessary, five months, of frequenting the play ground of perhaps, through parental neglect, but to en. the school, without any injury to the borders courage and sustain the teacher, thereby show. planted with flowers, shrubs and fruits. ing, by the best of evidence, that a deep interest
The course of instruction in the juvenile train. is feli in the progress and prosperity of their ing school is to be considered still in a great de. children.
gree experimental, but the results already ob. Shall we hear the objection to our public tainel are of the most encouraging character. schools that there the children of the ricious and
INTELLECTUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION.-The degraded are assembled, endangering the habits system discards, in a great degree, all use of and manners of our children by their own vicious books, and substitutes the lively oral method habits—be it so—are not the children of some employed in the German schools. It requires of the most elevated families vicious also ?- the master to be thoroughly acquainted with the “ High born vice is more contagious by very subject he teaches, in order to be able to commany times, and infinitely more hopeless, than municate them in the manner exactly suited to the vices of the poor.” My experience and ob- the different capacities of the pupils, which he servation have taught me, that it is easier to is expected to study. reclaim ten vicious from the lower walks of life,
The efficacy or such a school depen is almost than one, who has been educated at the school entirely upon the character of the master, and of fashionable vice. Against the former our during my visit, this truth was fully impressed, children are armed for defence. There are few by seeing it under the charge of the head mas. private schools or seminaries in our country that ter, and again under that of an assistant, and bave not among their pupils those who exercise by comparing it with the infant school. There corrupting influences far more to be feared or is no teaching so difficult to many instructors as dreaded than the most degrading examples of that by the natural method. För, brought up the poor. Nor is genius or talent the offspring in stiff and artificial habits, they cannot break oi cast or condition. But as the richest diamond themselves into those requirel, and descend to is often found the deepest buried in its native the level of their pupils. I saw, however, quite rubbish, so the most brilliant intellect is often enough to convince me that this was a great im. discoverable among the children of the most provement upon the old system of Scottish bumble and obscure, (and sometimes even the schools. The questioning, conversation between most degraded) families of our land. Such need the teacher and pupils, singing, and other exerbut the refining, polishing hand of the skilful cises of the gallery, go on with more spirit when teacher to give them the impress of divinity.
considerable numbers are present than when few Should the Board be charged with extrava. are there, and hence are particularly valuable in gant expenditure for the support of the schools, schools which require instruction to be given by it will be seen that most, if not all, of the towns one teacher to many pupils. o New England, having greatly the advantage Advantage is taken in the arrangement of the in experience, maturity of plan, and preparation, school-room to keep such printed moral precepts are expen ling much more in proportion to thes and attractive representations before the eyes of number educated. Indeed with all the disad. the children as it may be desired to impress on vantages attending the infancy of our system, their memory, care being taken to change the and the want, in some districts of suitable build- objects from time to time, that too great fami. ings the past year, our schools have given in- larity may not blunt the sense of curiosity or struction at a proportionately less expense than interest. Order and neatness are inculcated by those, of any town in New-England from which the proper arrangement of every article of I have been able to obtain a report.
school.furniture, and by that of their own hats dred and eighty scholars, from the manufacturing and cloaks.
classes of Glasgow, have been in the habit of VOCAL MUSIC is not used solely for cultivating using the play ground for inore than an hour the ear or taste, but for producing its appropri- and a quarter every day for two years and a ate moral effects from the character of the songs, half, without damage to the flowers or fruits and as an important auxiliary to order and dis. which it contains. Great attention is paid to cipline, substituting harmony for noise during neatness in the play-ground, that the habits inchanges of position, and promoting regularity. culcated in the school may be carried out here.
EmulATION.—The system of changing places It affords, also, opportunities of exemplifying in the class is not approved as a principle, yet a lessons on cruelty to animals, on truth, justice, modification of it is nevertheless in use. It kindness, and other virtues.—[Report on Eduwould require very careful experiment under cation in Europe. the actual circumstances of the pupils and teach. ers of any school, to prove that this mode can COMMON SCHOOL CELEBRATION AT be dispensed with. I agree entirely as to the
MEDINA. necessity for greatly modifying it, and as to the principle that the motive of emulation is an inse
Pursuant to public notice previously given, rior one. In the present condition of society, the scholars and teachers of the Common Schools however, I do not believe that emulation in in several of the school districts in the town of schools can be entirely dispensed with, if we Ridgeway, viz. District No. 1-District No. 2 would have the youth in them prepared for ac -District No. 5 District No. 10—District No. tive lise. Men are esteemed by their fellows in 12—District No. 16–District No. 18—and Dis. proportion to their intellectual and moral qua: trict No. 20, met in the village of Medina, on lities, and though society is not formally graded Saturday the 4th inst. by placing individuals in the precise order of
The weather was mild, the day fair, and the these qualities, yet every one is aware that some sleighing good, the teachers and scholars from men have greater influence than others, because the above mentioned Districts, accompanied by of higher intellectual and moral attainments; their parents, came into the village, with their and the desire to stand high in the estimation of banners in fine style, and in large numbers, in others is, at present, one of the strongest, though fact, appearing like an “army with banners." certainly not the purest, motives to exertion. At about 10 o'clock they formed a procession at self-emulation is a much more noble and safe the village district school house, and marched guide to action, and no doubt may, under judi: to the Presbyterian meeting house, preceded by cious management, be rendered a very powerful bands of music, (making a most beautiful apstimulus.
pearance,) where the exercises of the day were The principle of discipline laid down in this commenced with prayer by the Rev. Mr. Prud. school, not to use things which you desire a den, after which an`able and very appropriate child should love, as a punishment, is an excel. address was delivered by E. R. Reynolds, Esq. lent one, and I regretted to see the practice, in Deputy Superintendent of Common Schools, in some cases, going counter to it. Corporal chas- this county, to an audience of not less than a tisement has not been resorted to for two and a thousand persons. Mr. Reynolds was followe)
by Col. S. M. Burroughs, to whose remarks, MORAL AND PHYSICAL TRAINING.-As already as well as the address, the audience listened stated, the play.ground, or “ uncovered school with great attention and satisfaction. The ex. room," is considered the place in which moral ercises were closed with a benediction. It was training is to be accomplished, where the prin a most pleasing exhibition, meeting with the ciples taught in the school may be carried into approval of, and highly gratifying to all present. practice so as to become habits. Accordingly, Good order prevailed throughout the day. the play-ground is not merely fitted up with the
WM. C. TANNER, Pres't. means of exercise, but it is planted, in part, Mr. Denio, Sec’y. with flowers and fruit, accessible to all, but which are to be enjoyed under the injunction, “smell, see, but touch not.” It has been, and Wistrict School Journal. is, in part, to this day, the reproach of England is published on the 1st of each month-Office New and the United States, that public property is always injured; that flowers cannot bloom, nor fruit ripen, unless when enclosed; and in France,
TERMS. which is considered as offering an exception to For a single copy for one year, ........... $0 00 this barbarous practice, I fear that the result is Six copies to one address, for one year each, 0 33 produced rather by the certainty of detection and
100 copies to one address, for one year each,. O 25 punishment, than from the influence of a higher PAYABLE ALWAYS IN ADVANCE. motive. Education is the true source of relief All letters relative to the Journal must be post-paid from this reproach; if the child be trained to those containing subscriptions will be sent free on aprespect what belongs to the public, the man will never injure it. Such views have been decried plication to the Postmasters, who are respectfully reas visionary, and the idea that a child could be quested to act as Agents. The lawful postage on the so trained has been scouted. But facts prove that District School Journal, to any place within the state, is the visionary persons were only a little in ad. but one cent. vance of the times, and their training system has
The postmasters will on application forward 50 cents succeeded, and its principles will finally be so ge. in silver, by letter, without charge. nerally adopted, that to doubt them will be as re We respectfully request all who are satisfied with the markable as the idea itsell originally appeared. ner in which the Journal is edited, to take some In this particular school upwards of one hun. I interest in promoting its circulation.
DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL,
OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.
ALBANY, MAY, 1843.
boarding or temporarily remaining with their friends or connexions, merely or chiefly for
the purpose of attending the school in what. State of N. Vork-Secretary's Office. soever way, whether by labor or otherwise, the
expense of their board may be defrayed, and DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS.
such children hired out to service or labor in the
district, and who attend school only incidentally ADMISSION OF NON-RESIDENT CHILD. and at the option of their employers,-has not REN INTO SCHOOLS.
been sufficiently adverted to by trustees or in. habitants of districts generally. S. YOUNG, Albany, March 27, 1843.
Supt. Trustees of school districts are frequently called upon to exercise a sound discretion in re
AN ACT ference to the admission or exclusion of the AMENDATORY OF THE SEVERAL ACTS RELATING children of non-residents of their district, into
TO COMMON SCHOOLS. the district school. They are in no case bound to receive such children; and when their admis The People of the State of Nero-York repre. sion operates in any respect prejudicially to the sented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as fol. ialerest of the school, or the convenient accom. lows: modation, or proper tuition of the pupils of the SECTION 1. The offices of commissioners and district, it is unquestionably their duty to refuse inspectors of common schools are hereby abol. them admission. If they are received, the trus. ished. tees may prescribe the terms and conditions, and § 2. There shall hereafter be annually elect. these should be made known to their parents or | ed in each of the towns of this state, at the guardians immediately on their admission. They same time an! in the same manner that other cannot be permitted to participate in the public town officer are chosen, an officer to be denomi. money belonging to the district, in reduction of natel Town Superintendent of Common their luition bills unless by unanimous consent, Schools," who in a ldition to the powers and or in the absence of any objection on the part duties hereinafter conferred and imposed, shall of the inhabitants sending to school. If they perłorm all the duties, and be subject to all the come into the district to board, and are sent to restrictions and liabilities now by law imposed school by the person with whoin they board, such upon commissioners and inspectors of common person is primarily responsible for their tuition: schools, except as otherwise herein provided. unless he apprise the teacher or the trustees, It shall be his duty, within ten days after his that he does not intend to become so responsi. election, to execute to the supervisor of his town ble, so that the latter may be enabled to ascer. and file witii the town clerk, a bond with one or tajn seasonably, to whom to look for payment. more sufficient sureties, to be approved of by
These principles are, however, exclusively said supervisor by endorsement over his signa. applicable to the case of non-resident childrea ture on said boni, in the penalty of double the sent to the school from their residence without amount of school money which his town re• the district, or coming to board in the district, ceivel irom all sources during the year prece. with the view, or for the purpose of attending uing that for which he shall have been elected, school. Children of non-resident parents hired con litionel for the faithful application and legal out to service or labor of any kind, in the dis. disbursement of all the school money coming trict, are entitel to be regarded in all respects into his hands. In case such bond sliall not be as actual residents, for the time being: as com.executel ani filed within the time herein pre. posing part of the family of their employers. scribed, the office of such town superintendent They are, if in the district on the last day of shall be deemed vacant, and such or other vaDecember, to be enumerated for the purpose of cancy shall be filled in the same manner as va. drawing public money: they are entitled to par. cancies in the office of commissioners of com. ticipate equally with the children of inhabitants mon schools are now by law directed to be filled. in such money: and the person with whom they Such towu superintendent shall be entitled to a live is responsible for their rate bills. The dis compensation of one dollar and twenty-five tinction, although in many respects a very im. cents for every necessarily spent in the dis. portant one, between tlie children of non-resi. charge of the Juțies of his office, to be audited dent parents coming into the district and either and allowel as other town charges.
§ 3. In the erection or alteration of a school § 8. Certificates of qualifications hereafter district, the trustees of any district to be affect: granted to applicants by county superintendents, ed thereby, may apply to the supervisor and shall either be general, in the form heretofore town clerk to be associated with the town super prescribed under the authority of law, in which intendent; and their action shall be final unless case they shall be valid throughout the district duly appealed from ; the compensation of the of the county superintendent granting the certi.. supervisor and town clerk when thus associated, ficate until annulled ; or special, in which case shall be the same as that of the town superin the town in which such applicant shall be autendent.
thorized to teach shall be specified ; and such § 4. The board of supervisors of any county, certificate shall be in force for a lerm not ex. in which there shall be more than one hundred ceeding one year. and fifty school districts, may appoint tito § 9. The consent of the town superintendent county superintendents, or one in their discre. shall not be requisite to the annulling of any tion; and at all such appointments hereafter certificate of qualification granted by any coun. made, the board shall divide the county into two ty superintendent. convenient districts, designating the person ap § 10. The superintendent of common schools, pointed for each district respectively, when on the recommendation of any county superinthere shall be two appointed; but no share tendent, or on such other evidence as may be of the public money shall hereafter be ap. satisfactory to him, may grant certificates of portioned to any county in which a county qualification under his hand and seal of office, superintendent shall not have been appointed, which shall be evidence that the holder of such unless by order of the superintendent of com certificate is well qualified in respect to moral mon schools.
character, learning and ability, to teach any dis. § 5. Any county superintendent may be re-trict school within this state ; which certificate moved from office by the superintendeni of com. shall be valid until duly revoked by the superinmon schools, whenever in his judgment suffi. tendent. cient cause for such removal exists ; and the § 11. The board of supervisors of the sever. vacancy thereby occasioned shall be supplied by al counties, may audit and allow the accounts of appointment under his hand and official seal,until the county superintendents of their respective the next meeting of the board of supervisors of counties, rendered under oath, for postage on the county in which such vacancy exists. A their necessary official communications with the copy of the order making such removal, speci. inhabitants and officers of the several districts fying the causes thereof, shall be forwarded to within their jurisdiction. the clerk of the board of supervisors, to be by § 12. The trustees of each of the several him laid before the board at their first meeting school districts next hereafter to be chosen, thereafter.
shall be divided by lot into three classes, to be § 6. The moiety of the compensation of the numbered one, two and three ; the term of office county superintendent of any county payable of the first class shall be one year, of the seby the state, shall not hereafter be paid, except cond, two, and of the third, three ; and one upon the production to the comptroller of the trustee only shall thereafter annually be electcertificate of the superintendent of common ed, who shall hold his office for three years, schools, that the county superintendent has con. and until a successor shall be duly elected or formed to the instructions of the department appointed. In case «f a vacancy in the office of and also made the annual report required by either of the trustees, during the period for law.
which he or they shall have been respectively § 7. All appeals now authorized by law to be elected, the person or persons chosen or appoinibrought to the superintendent of common ed to All such vacancy shall hold the office only schools, shall first be presented to the county for the unexpired term so becoming vacınt. superintendent of the county, or section of § 13. Whenever the trustees of any school county in which the subject matter of such ap. district shall discover any error in a tax list or peal shall have originated, in the same manner rate bill made out by them, prior to the expen. as now provided in relation to appeals to the diture of the amount therein directed to be superintendent of common schools, who is raised, they may refund any amount improper. hereby authorized and required to examine and ly collected on such tax list or rate bill, and decide the same; and where the district in amend and correct such tax list or rate bill, in which the subject matter of such appeal shall conformity to law; and whenever more than have arisen, shall be a joint district, embracing one renewal of a warrant for the collection of portions of iwo counties or towns, such appeal any tax list or rate bill, may become necessary shall be brought to the county superintendent of in any district, the trustees may make such fur. the county or section in which the school house ther renewal, with the written approbation of of such district shall be located. The decision the town superintendent of the town in which of such county superintendent shall be final and the school house of said district shall be locaconclusive, unless appealed from to the super. led, to be endorsed upon such warrant. intendent of common schools within fifteen days § 14. The annual reports required by law of after the service of a copy of such decision up. trustees of school districts, shall be made and on the parties respectively. And an appeal transmitted to the town superintendents, be. from the decision of the county superintendent tween the first and filteenth days of January in to the superintendent of common schools may each year, who shall file the same in the office be made in fifteen days, as now provided by law of the town clerk. in relation to appeals from districts, in such § 15. In making the apportionment of public manner and under such regulations as shall be money, it shall be the duty of the town superinprescribed by the superintendent of common tendent to designate the respective proportions schools.
of teachers' and library money belonging to each
district, and to pay over so much as is designa. § 20. The officers heretofore chosen or apted teacher's money, on the written order of a pointed under the thirty-sixth section of chap. majority of the trustees of each district, to the ter two hundred and sixty of the laws of eighteachers entitled to receive the same. No por. teen hundred and forty-one, shall hereafter be tion of the teacher's fund shall hereafter be ap- known and designated by the name of "County portioned or paid to any district or part of a Superintendents of Common Schools.” district, unless it shall appear from the last an. § 21. This act shall not take effect until the nual report of the trustees, that a school had first day of June next. been kept for the length of time now required by law by a duly qualified teacher, and that no ANNUAL REPORTS OF COUNTY SUPERother than a duly qualified teacher had at any
INTENDENTS. time during the year for more than one month beea employed to teach the school in said dis.
We hope that the extracts we are enabled to trict; and no portion of the library money shall be apportioned or paid to any district or part of give from these valuable reports, will lead to the a district, unless it shall appear from the last republication of them at length in the county annual report of the trustees, that the library newspapers. No information can be more use. money received at the last preceding apportion. ful-none should be more interesting to the peo. ment was duly expended according to law, on or before the first day of October subsequent to ple than a faithful account of the condition of such apportionment.
their schools.-ED. § 16. The moneys directed to be distributed
BROOME COUNTY. to the several school districts of this state, by the fourth section of chapter two hundred and
Most of the schools in the county of Broome thirty-seven of the laws of eighteen hundred are composed of neighborhoods of farmers.and ihirty-eight, shall continue to be applied to Perhaps eight or ten are found in villages of the purchase of books for a district library until greater or less magnitude. The smallness of otherwise directed by law ; but whenever the the district and its poverty, give the most reanumber of volumes in the district library of any sonable grounds, if any are reasonable, for apo. district numbering over fifty children between logies concerning the bad condition of school af. the ages of five and sixteen years, shall exceed fairs. There are a number of districts in the one hundred and twenty-five; or of any district different towns, which are 100 small; but by numbering fifty children or less, between the proper exertion, it is evident that the inhabi. said ages, shall exceed one hundred volumes, tants might have better schools than at present. the inhabitants o! the district qualified to vote This class of small districts which have to therein, may, at a special meeting duly notified struggle to live, is not large in comparison to for that purpose, by a majority of votes, ap. the whole. The others have no cause for poor propriate the whole, or any part of library mo. schools, as there is ability sufficient for their ney belonging to the district for the current maintenance. Many wealthy individuals declare year, to the purchase of maps, globes, black. that they are not immediately interested, hence boards, or other scientific apparatus, for the use they take no active part in the support of of the school.
schools: anii what they pay for building or re. 17. The subscription authorized by section pairing school houses, is dealt out grudgingly, thirty-two of the laws of one thousan l eight more in compliance with the law, than in the hundred and forty-one, may be renewed from spirt of enlightened patriotism. There are other
districts which contain men or standing and inyear to year by the superintendent of commen schools, subject to the restrictions and limita. fuence, who seem 10 consider themselves free tions in said section prescribed.
from all responsibility, for instead of contribut.
ing to support such schools as would educate § 18. It shall be the duty of the supervisor their own anil their neighbor's children, they and justices of each of the towns in this state, patronize private schools brought into existence, on the first day of June next, by writing under perhaps, through their own management, or their hands to be filed in the office of the town lend their ail io academies which stand in no clerk, to designale one of the electors of each need of their assistance. Some of these men 10wn as town superintendent of common schools have influence enough, right and property it may under this act; and the person so designated be, to change the political aspect of the town in shall perform all the duties, and be subject to which they reside. If the same kind of zeal all the liabilities imposed or conferred by this
were directed towards improving the district act on town superintendents, and shall hold school, there children could be taught there, ac. his office until the next annual town meeting.
cording to the most approved methods, besides $ 19. Sections five of chapter three hund. giving to the community around them the equal red and thirty of the laws of eighteen hundrel opportunity of enjoying the same advantages. and thirty-nine, and twelve, of chapter two But most of the inhabitants are dependent uphundred and sixty of the laws of eighteen on district schools for the education of their hundred and forty-one, and all other such pro. children; anıl if this education is considered of visions of law as are repugnant to, or incon. any importance, it would seem to follow that sistent with, the provisions of this act, are they should take a lively interest in such semi. hereby repealed ; but nothing in this act con. naries, aideil and patronized by the State for tained shall be so construed as to impair or af- their especial benefit. The reverse of this, sect any of the local provisions respecting the however, is the truth. The singular phenome organization and management of schools in any non of men cheating themselves and their chila of the incorporated cities or llages or towns dre may be seen in the management of many of this state.