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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE;

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DECEMBER, 1819.

LONDON GAZETTE

Climb.2- Doncast. GENERAL EVENING

Derb.Dorchest. Times-M. Advert.

Durham - Essex N.Times--B. Press

Exeter 2, Glouc. 2 P.Ledger & Oracle

Halifax-Hants 2 M.Post-M.Herald

Hereford, Hull 3 Morning Chronic.

Huntingd.-Kent 4 St. James's Chron.

Ipswich 1, Lancas. Sun-Even. Mail

Leices. 2--Leeds 2 Courier-Star

Lichfield, Liver. 6 Globe-Traveller

Macclesf.Courier. Statesman

Maidst.--Manch.9 Packet-Lond.Chr.

Newc.3.-Notts. 2. Albion--C. Chron.

Northampton Eng. Chron. --Ing.

Norfolk, Norwich Cour.d'Angleterre

N.Wales, Oxford 2 Cour. de Londres

Portsea-Pottery 11 Weekly Papers

Hem Preston-Plym. 2 17 Sunday Papers

Reading -Salisb. Hue & Cry Police

Salop-Sheffield2 Lit. Adv. Lit.Gaz.

Sherborne, Sussex Bath 3_Bristol 5

Shrewsbury Berwick Boston

Staff. Stamf. 2 Birmin. 4, Blackb.

Taunton-lyne Brighton - Bury

Wakeh. -Warw. Camb.2-Chath.

Wolverh. Worc.2 Carli.2--Chester 2

York3.IRELAND37 Chelms. Cambria. CONTAINING

SCOTLAND 24. Cornw.-Covent. 2

Jersey 2. Guern. 2 Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Review of New Publications. MINOR CORRESPONDence.- Questions, &c. 482 Fosbrooke's History of Gloucester City....521 Extraordinary Bravery of Lieut. Collett...483 Histories of Birmingham, by Hutton & Pye523 Prophecy concerning Dea:h of Richard II1.ib.

Rigby's Italy, 524.--Hardinge's Works...526 On Colonization at Cape of Good Hope...484 Annual Biography; Character of Mr. Rose527 Merits of Bp. Bagot and Dean Jackson.... 486 Martin on Currency of Bank Notes, &c....531 Vagrancy, 487.-Making Salt Water fresh 488 Hanoah More, 532.- Rose v. Bentham....534 Penny Clubs recommended.-Late Queen..ib. Evans's and James's Sermons.-- Poor Laws535 Account of Jews' Hospital, Mile End Road489 Entomology, 536.---Time's Telescope......537 Importance of preserving Parish Registers 490 Mansford on Consumption.—Dickson, &c.538 Anecdotes of the late Mr. Smith, the Actor ib. Gilbert's Clergyman's Almanack, &c. &c. ib. Utility of Evening Lectures exemplitied....492 LITERATURE, ANTIQUITIes, Arts,&c. 539-542 Authenticity of the Holy Scriptures.--Blair494 Select POETRY......

.543 Priestley's Epitaph.- Defence of Mr.Bellamy495

Historical Chronicle. Ou Contagion,496 -Chesterfield described 497 Proceedings in present Session of Parliamt545 Propriety of Rhimes in Epic Poetry ? ......499 Abstract of principal Foreign Occurrences553 Letters of Rev.W.Gilpin.- Historic Relation504 Domestic Occurrences..

...557 Critical Remarks.—“Shyp of Polys”...... 507 Promotions, &c.-- Birihs and Marriages..561 Antient Anecdotes, 508.-Oxford Terms? 510 OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Dr. Cleaver, On the Instrumentality of the Great........511 Archbishop of Dublin; Earl of Eglinton; Anecdotes of Sir J Chardin, the Traveller 512 Rev. James Douglas; John Bowles, esq.; On the National Coinage. -Solicitors......513 David Jenning:, +s4.; Dr. James Curry; Sir R. Hapsard. - Beaumaris School, &c...514 W. Armstrong, +s4.; T.M. Bardin, esq.564 lostance of Family Cruelty!515.- Mr.Kean 516 Meteorological Diary 574; Bill of Mortality 575 Excess of Apprentices.- Foreign Seeds?...518 Prices of the Markets.

..575 Trial for Violation of Abolition Laws.......520 Canal Shares.- Price of each Day's Stocks576

Embellished with Views of the Jews' Hospital, Mile End Road;

and of CHESTERFIELD CHURCH, Derbyshire.

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By SYLV ANUS. URBAN, Gent.

Printed by John NICHOLS and Son, at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, Fleet-street, London;

where all Letters to the Editor are particularly desired to be addressed, Post-PAID.

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

C. says,

We are obliged by the kind intentions

“ the Table of Precedence of the Rev. R. WARD. But it is not every states that the elder sons of Viscounts good Book that will pay the expence of and Barons take place of Privy Counre printing.

sellors. Wby, then, are the said elder The Drawing of the Sculpture of the sons, when made Privy Counsellors, Wise Men's Offering is received, and shall styled Right Hon.? as in their case the be used at some convenient opportunity. style of • Hop.' implies higher rank.”

m. remarks that " the whimsical sign P. P. asks what is become of those of the Goose and Gridiron, mentioned in chef-d'œuvres of Sculpture, the two ini. p. 209. is thought to originate from the mitable figures of the Melancholy and of Armorial bearings of the worshipful Com- the Raring Mad Man, that were placed pany of Musicians, a part of which is a formerly over the gateway of the late Swan, and the crest à Lyre ; either from Bedlam in Moorfields; and how comes it ignorance of the proper naines of the that they do not occupy a similar or suit. bearings, or as a burlesque on them." able situation in the new Building erected

G. H. W. informs us that the title of in St. George's Fields ? [They have been Decies (page 273), conferred on Arch- properly removed to the new Building in bishop Beresford, was a revival of an an- St. George's Fields. See spirited etchtient honour enjoyed by his maternal an- ings of them in vol. LXXXVI. i. 305. cestors the de la Poers, Viscounts Decies, See them alo noticed in vol. LXXV. 795. and Earls of Tyrone.”

LXXVI. 423. LXXXIII. i. 37.-EDIT.] A. B. C. in speaking of the portable P. P. also remarks; “ Blackwell Hall and relics of Antiquity excavated at Hercula- Leathersellers' Hall being now in the act neum and Pompeii, says, there must be of demolition, it is conceived that a draw. many which are only duplicates of pre- ing and description of each from their ori. ceding articles, and can be of no service gin, would be interesting to the numerous in the Museum of Portici. He then asks readers of the Gentleman's Magazine ; whether there would be any impropriety, the latter, which was lately destroyed by considering the amicable connexion which fire, was built by Inigo Jones, and bad a has long subsisted between the courts of much-admired carved staircase, and some Naples and England, in the Society of antient painted glass.Antiquaries aud the Trustees of the Bri- J. H. states, that the “ Critical Observa. tish Museum addressing H. R. H. the tions on the Buildings and Improvements Prince Regent, begging his Royal influ. of London,” has been ascribed to Mr. ence with the King in question, for trans- Horace Walpole; but that it was supmission of such articles as may be agree. pused to have been written by Mr. Stewart, able to his Neapolitan Majesty, to the a young gentleman who, in 1771, was grand National Repository in question. going to lodia in the Company's Service ;

G. H. W. observes, “in p. 368, you and wishes to know the real author. stale the marriage of Sir Edward Stanley E. will be obliged to any of our CorreSmith, Bart. of Nearenham;-query whe- spondents couversant with the effects of ther any such Baronet exists ?

He cer- artificial light upon the eyes, to state tainly is not recorded in Debrett's Ba. what species is deemed the least prejuronetage."

dicial for the purposes of reading and A CONSTANT Reader would be glad to writing. By some a lamp is found too learn, through any of our Heraldic or An- powerful, and even when shaded it is untiquarian Correspondents, what branch of derstood to be hurtful, the light being the Knevett family married Frances Stan- thrown immediately and too strongly upon dish, daughter of Richard Standish and the paper. There may be much in the Elizabeth Leigh of Duxbury Hall, Lanc. proper position of the lamp or caudle; and what became of the male issue by and other hints, which have been found the said marriage ; particulars, of which, eligible in practice, may doubtless be sugtheir residence, where their issue was gested, for the benefit of our Readers. born, and where this Frances and her hus. In our SUPPLEMENT, which will be pub. band were interred : Arms-Or, a bend lished on the First of February, will be within a bordure engrailed Sable Also, whu inserted several interesting Communicawas Court or Courtney Knevelt or Kny- tivos ; particularly, Descriptions and Emvett, and from whom descended ?

bellishments of the Interior View of the ANTIQUUS wishes to be informed when Porch of St. Sepulchre's Church, London ; and where Captain John Lambe died, who of the venerable Bede's Chair; antient retired froin the sixth Regiment of Foot in Tiles, Ring, &c. Also, Remarks on the In. May 1782, and who had connexious and ner Temple Hall; St. Martin's Church, Oxproperty at Alnwick; and also to learn any ford ; Architecture of the New Churches, other particulars respecting him.

Monument to Locke, &c. &c.

THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For

DECEMBER, 1819.

MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE.

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Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 14. himself, he made a spring at me. I es'HE following Extract of a Leller caped him, and he seized the elephant tary Establisbment of the East India from her, and another ball from mo, Company in the Presidency of Ben- he let go his hold, and fell a second gal, io his Sister in this country, ex- time. Thinking he was by this time hibits evidence of unshaken courage disabled, ! very unfortunately disand intellectual readiness scarcely to mounted, intending to put an end to be equalled. This extraordioary con- his existence with my pistols ; when flict of Lieut. Collett's with the tiger the monster, who was only couching bas dot escaped the notice of the to take another spring, made it at Marquis of Hastings; and as this gal. that moment, and caught me in his lant young Officer has been conipelled mouth ; but it pleased God to give by his wounds, to retire from service me strength and presence of miod. in the field, he has been appointed to I immediately fired into his body, a post less liable to exertion, and and finding that had little effect, used which

may lead to better competency all my force, and happily disengaged of provision.

W. P. my arm ; and then directing my other EXTRACT.

pistol to his heart, I at length suc“In the beginning of May 1815, ceeded in destroying him, after receive our army, from the hot wiods and ing twenty-five very severe wounds." bad weacher, becaine so sickly, that we were ordered into quarters. On Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 15. the 6th of May, we passed through a

THE

The following is a curious oldforest, and encamped on its skirts, Prophecy concerning the Death Dear a small village; the head mau of Richard the Third, extracted from of wbich entreated us to destroy a a 4to Pamphlet, entitled “ Seven selarge Tiger which had killed seven veral strange Prophecies, London, of his men, was in the habit of daily 1643 :"

T. D. F. stealing bis cattle, and had that morn- “ In the reign of King Richard III. iug wounded his son. Another ofti. his Majesty with his army, lay at cer and myself agreed to attempt the Leicester the night before the Battle destructiva of this monster ; we im. at Bosworth Field was fought. It hapmediately ordered seven elephants, pened in the morning, as the King and went in quest of the animal, rode through the South gate, a poor which we found sleeping under a old blind man (by profession a wheelbush. The noise of the elephants wright) sat begging, and hearing of awoke him, when he made a furious his approach, said, ihat if the moon charge on us, and niy elephant re- changed twice tbat day, having by ceived him on her shoulder; the ber ordinary course chavged in the olber six turned about and ran off, morning, King Richard should lose notwithstanding the exertions of their his crown, and be slain ; and riding riders, and left me in the above situ- over the bridge, bis left foot struck ation. I bad seen many tigers, and against a stump of wood, wbich the been at the killing of them, but never old man hearing, said, Even so'shall so large a oue as this. The elephant his head, at his return back, hit on obook bim off. I then fired two balls, the same place ; which so came to wben tbe tigerfell, but again recovering pass: and a nobleman, tbal carried

the

the moon in his colours, revolted country, and “ that thousands of rich from King Richard, whereby he lost are obliged to maintain millions of that day, his life, crown, and king- poor," as an eminent writer observes; dom, which verified the presages of and when guch consequences must the poor old bliod man."

produce evils of such magnitude as to

destroy the manly independent feelMr. URBAN, Temple, Dec. 8. ing in the human mind, which the I

HOPE lhe present Parliament dependence on the benevolence of

will bestow a further sum for the others must ever produce,--we may Emigration of the surplus Population surely set aside the opinion of Soame of this Country; and pot confine it Jennings, and not admit “ that the to a part of the Cape of Good Hope, East and West Indies would be two but encourage Emigration to several great wings to fly away with Britain,” parts of that valuable Colony, parti- because the alternative must be with cularly the Orange River, and to the a redundant population-colonization. Capadas, New South Wales, and even The pressure of inhabilants to all to our possessions in other parts of our great towns is continual ; and Africa ; industrious persons will do whether it is because the profits of well in any of those countries. agriculture are not found compatible

I should waste the time of your to employ more in it,ếor it is the loyal Readers by proving the value fond expectation that ships, coloof the Laws of England ; not only nies, and commerce,” continue an in. are they valuable in themselves, but exhaustible source of employment, they promote the best interests of I will not pretend to say ; it is, howe Religion and Morality wheresoever ever, a fact, and a distressing one, they are established; it is, therefore, that daily occurrences prove the nematter of great regret that the Cape cessity of ameliorating the condition is at this day governed by the Dutch of many-very mavy, who find the Law, or the old Civil Law, formerly want of support, hy the laudabie in use (with all its faults) in Holland, means of industry. till it was superseded by the Code Such an influx as is here stated, Napoleon, and the Code of the Ne- serve to increase pauperism and distherlands. The knowledge of the tress; and whilst our Northero peighDulcb Law has lalterly gone very bours are without Poor's Rates, we much back. Students get a Dutch who are situated South of the Tweed, education, and a few years study of are not only loaded with them, but ibe Code Napoleon at a Dutch Uni- in almost every direction we may versity (by which they are not likely walk, our feelings are wounded with to obtain English feelings) to fit them squalid appearances, and extreme dis for Cape practice; it would be well tress. To encourage pauperism by if the matter ended here ; but I am benevolence, seems but to increase informed that the Dutch Criminal the evil; - it becomes the duty as Law, as practised at the Cape, is very well as the inclination of every refaulty, and not at all agreeable to flecting mau, to obviate such evils, our English notions of justice. by pointing out benefits by way of

There may be some difficulty in at prevention. Nothing seems so capable once making an entire change of the of removing such evils as ColonizaLaw in Civil cases, in the Cape, to tion ;-a Colonization that should be the English Law—but little difficulty favourable to our agricultural purwould arise in changing the Criminal suits, as well as commercial. It seems Law, and giving to the Selllers the to be the genius of the Russian Go. rights and liberties enjoyed by their vernment, to give a free scope to this fellow-subjects in England.

idea of Colonization ; and whether Several other important British Co. they are travelling over the various lonies are governed by the old French, States of Europe or in these Islands, Spanish, and Dutch Laws.

the most alteutive observations are

made to further the amelioration of Mr. URBAN,

Hackney, Sept. 1, the subjects of that vast empire, te 1818.

increase its settlements, and to enYO TOUR Readers being well ap- large its manufactures and its com

prized of the circumscribed ex. merce. In our time the coast of the tent and increasiog population of the Black Sea, and the intervening coun

try

***

try between it and the Caspian, was of the Southern hemisphere, they will a desert; and when Hanway's “ Tra- be struck with the astonishing disco. vels from the Russian Capital to the veries made since by our indefatiPersian Empire” was written, we gable countrymen ;

the pleasure bave nothing said about its popula. arising from this sensation will be intion, circulation, or trade; yet in stantly damped when he reads the these our times, it is truly astonishing words Botany Buy, and calculates on to hear of vast improvements made the number of human beings who in these; and the considerable trade bare left home in disgrace, and peocarried on in the Black Sea, even last pled a vast country with criminals: year, to the amount of 1600 vessels, but again reverting to the state of and all corn, loaded. If the Grand society in our crowded towns, and Duke Nicholas, after traversing this particularly in the capital, the wish coupiry, is seen at Odessa, paying of a patriot beart is io remove the the most minute attention to the cir- templations, and remedy the evils. cumstances attending the place, is he Thin your population by Colonizanot guided by the purest patriotism, tion; nothing else can be done: and whilst he colonizes without trenching in order that so much good may be on his neighbours, and increases his accomplished, and a guarded seitle. commerce without prejudice to other ment formed for future contingencies, pations? Here then is an example – the Cape of Good Hope presses on not unworthy our imitation, and a the mind as the filtest spot ; for it is, pursuit that, if followed up with the if I may be allowed the expression, the same attention, will produce incal. halfway house to India,--io India from culable benefits. Russia is of herself Ispuhan is nineteen days march, to an immense continent; she can en- India from America, vessels can find large, improve, increase her benefits, their way. The situation of the Cape without trenching on others, without politically considered, is, therefore, giving rise lv jealousy, suspicion, and good. Another important consideraenmity.

tion is, that the climate is calculated As Islanders, we are cramped at for the growth of wheat; and we have home, circumscribed by the ocean,- to pay millions a year for wheat ima glorious circumstance for us that it ported, producing the par of exchange is s0,- for we are free, and the wooden against us, which may be lessened, walls of old England, and a happy perhaps, if we consider tbat hy havCoo'stitution, will, I trusl, ever keeping the exchange against us, and in

Let us see theo, for the good favour of the foreign merchant, orof us all, if something may not be ders may be increased for our manusaid that shall leave us as irreproach factures ; this is, however, spinning able in promoting po jealousies, do- the line to a very fiue thread. Have ing no injuries, and provoking no ing to pay millions a year for wheat suspicions amongst our neighbours. imported, would it not be desirable

At the Peace of 1762, Government to grow it ourselves? Here is, then, considered Colonization in the Flo- a second strong consideration for ridas as desirable, and granled lands colonizing the Cape; this is literally to those officers who were at the a ground work to forin the conclu. taking of Luuisbourg, &c. as an en- sion op. Rivers, I confess, are wantcouragement of a lwofold oature. ing. for inland navigation, which preIt appears now, that Florida (very vents those improvements that coun. well koown to the writer) is become tries adopt who are in possession of a bone of conteotion between two rivers : but land-carriage by draftpowers who cannot possess any esteem oxen may be considered as the means for each other. To us it is now, per- of producing a variety of benefits; baps, of no consequence, except as

and the climate is favourable for the harbour of Pensacola may be a many articles—too many to be enukind of rendezvous for enemy's ship- merated at this time. The next obping in war, but as a seltlement it ject is the barbours,--several of great canoot be of advantage to Great importance, and adinission for vessels Britain.

of all descriptions; the outward-bouod If your Readers will refer to a map to India, as well as the homewardof Anson's Voyage rouod the World, bound, fiod these comforts bere ; tbe and compare it with a modero map Southern whaler could deposit bis

cargo

US SO.

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