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former member of this Church, whose inspection, leaving our readers to
« Description of the Skeleton, &c. of tues, as well as a gorgeous canopy of
King John, as drawn up by Mr. wainscot profusedly ornamented and
Sandford. gilt, of the time of the first Charles,
“ The body, or rather the skeleton, are to be removed ; and the whole of
was found to have been adjusted in this elaborate and beautiful piece of the stone coffin, precisely in the same antient sculpture exposed to view, form as the figure on the tomb, but devoid of every incumbrance, its cen
the scull, which was loose, instead of tre being adorned by Watt's picture being placed with the face in the of “Cbrist raising Lazarus."
usual situation, presented the foreThe concluding paragraph of your which the spine proceeds, turoed up:
amen magnum, or that opening from Correspondent's leiter I consider as a most unjustifiable and illiberal at wards ; or, in simple terms, the scult tack on the character of the gentle was detached or lying on its crown *. men I have alluded to; of wbom The lower part of the os frontis was I know nothing except from report, so much perished as to have become and an ipspection of their works; nearly of an even surface with the but from which I have formed bottoms of the sockets of the eyes. this in my opinion) just conclu. The upper jaw contained four teeth, sion—that their skill' is unquestion. in very good preservation, and free able, and
their arrangements ex. from caries,-two of them were den. tremely judicious. X. XI5538. tes molares, and two biscupides. The
lower jaw was separated from the
scull, and fouod near the right elbow; PARTICULARS OF THE DISCOVERY OF the coronoid processes were very perTHE ROYAL INTERMENT AT Wor- fect, as well as, the condyles ; there
were bo teeth in this jaw; the ulna (Extracted from Chambers's History of that of the left arm was detached from the antient City.)
skeleton, and lying obliquely on the [R. CHAMBERS, having made breast; the uloa of the right arm lay lative to the state of the skeleton of dius of each arm, and the bones of King John, thus proceeds to correct each hand, were missing ; tbe bones the inadvertencies which he has fallen of the ribs, pelvis, &c. were so much into, and which he was thoroughly covered with dust, and the foldings enabled to do, from the very polite of the decayed robe, as not to be assistance afforded by Mr. Sandford, clearly distinguishable ; part of the Surgeon, of Worcester ; that gentle- tibia of the right leg lay in nearly its man, 'as Mr. Green jastly observes, proper position, and was exposed to being convened with the Dean and view; the knee of this limb appeared Chapter, &c, on the opening of the to have been contracted t, and not tomb.
lying so straight down as the left. "We shall keep Mr. Sandford's re- The bones of the toes were in good marks wholly distinct from those preservation, more particularly those obligingly sent us by another gentle of the right foot. The rest of the man, present on the same occasion, bones, more especially those of the on whose accuracy we can depend, as lower extremities, were nearly peralso the memoranda of the late Mr. fect, and on the whole appeared to Jeal, sexton of the Cathedral, who lay as they might naturally have done made his notes before the Dean and in the living subject. Some large Chapter were admitted, and conse- pieces of mortar were found with quently before the crowd of people the skeleton in the stone .coffio I, were so great as to prevent a mipute and vast quantities of dry skins of
* “ Mr. Stafford, the present sexton, who was present at the opening of the tomb, assured me that the scull was found lying nearly on the right shoulder, where it was placed, as Mr. S. describes it, by some one before the Dean and others were admitted.”
+ “Could this have been occasioned by any adventitious circumstance ?” I “ If mortar, it was remarkably white and very fine." Jeal.
maggots * : tbese are supposed to have crimson damask, and of a strong texbeen produced by some part of the ture: its colour, however, was so looriginal body baving gone into pu- tally discharged from the effect of trefaction (a circumalance imagined time, that it is but conjecturally it sometimes to have happened notwith- can be said to bave been of aoy, but standing the precaution of embalm- what has now pervaded the whole obing) previnus to its removal. The ject; namely, a dusky brown ;-the bowels and heart of King Juhu were cuff of the left arm, which had been buried in Croxton Abbey, in Stafford. laid on the breast, remained. In that shire, the abbot of which had been haod a sword ||, in a leather scabbard, his physician, and perforined the ope- bad been placed on the tomb, parts of ration of embalming him.-(See Ho- which, much decayed, were found at linshed.) Thus the maggots, having intervals down the left side of the remained undisturbed, were, upon body, and to the feet, as were also the present discovery, seen in such parts of the scabbard, but in a much great numbers : or, that some part more perfect state than those of the of the dress, being of leather, they sword. The legs had on a sort of might have been produced by the ornamented covering, which was tied natural putrefaction of that animal round at the ancles, and extended substance. The skeleton measured over the feet, where the bones were 5 feet 6 inches and a half t..
visible through the decayed parts; “The Dress in which the body of the striøg about the left ancle still the King, was found, appears also to remained I. The upper part of those have been similar to that in which his coverings could not be traced, and it figure is represented on the tomb, ex- is uodecided whether they should be cepting the gloves on its hands, and termed boots, or whether they were the
crown on its head, which on the a part of the under dress, similar to scull in the coffio was found to be the the modern pantaloons. It would celebrated mook's cowl, which was have beev fortunate bad it been dewhole, in which he is recorded to termined whetber Ibey were of leahave been buried, as a passport ther, or of what sort of drapery ; through the Regions of Purgatory. most probably composed of undrest This sacred envelope appeared to leather. have fitted the head very closely, and “ The Coffin is of the Higley had been tied I or buckled under the stone of Worcestershire, white, and cbin by two straps, parts of which chisel levelled; wholly dissimilar iu remained, but the buckles or clasps, its kind to either tbat of the founda. which were probably of great value, tion of the tombs, its pannels, cover. were gone. The body was covered ing, or figure of the king. A very with a robe, reaching from the neck considerable fracture runs through it, nearly to the feet s; it had some of io an oblique direction, one foot six its eipbroidery still remaining pear ioches from the left shoulder, to two the right knee; it was apparently of feet pipe inches from the right. The
* “ The durability of these little semi-transparent animal substances was absolutely surprising ; they bore some resemblance to the covering, taken from the tale part of the shrimp, but not more than a quarter of the size. It is reported that some person intruded in this skin a live maggot, which he used as a bait in fishing, and from this originated the silly tale of a person fishing with one of the maggots found in the body ‘of King John."
+ “ Although the body measured 5 feet 64 inches, and the coffin 5 feet 7 inches at the longest extremity within, there is no reason to suppose he could be so tall by seveTal inches.” K..
“ Certainly not tied.” Jeal.
“ Mr. Stafford informs me it was so strong, as with difficulty it could be rent. This statement and that of Mr. Jeal is corroborated by Mr. Sandford.”
!! “The fragments of the sword scarcely retained the appearance of ever having been metal, being corroded completely through, and reduced to a kind of soft brown earth; or, as Buller observes,
• Had eat into itself for lack
Of somebody to hew and haek'.” K. g“ The feet were in a wrapping of the same as the under robe, and tied round the leg with a lace of the same.” Teal's MS.
coffin is laid upon the pavement of is presumed, from the abundant evithe choir, without being let into it: dences apparent on the view of the its original covering is that stone out royal body and its appendages, that of which the effigy of the king is they have unquestionably wodergone sculptured, and now lying on the a translation since the line of their tomb, the shape of which is exactly original interwent in this Cathedral : correspondent with that of the stone the change in the position of the coffin, and its extreme diinensions scull, the displacing of the jaws, the strictly proportionate to its purpose. loss of the bones of the hand, and the " Measures.
radii of both arms; the mutilations
of the sword and its scabbard, and Depth of the cavity of the stone ft. in. the broken fragments of the mortar
coffin in which the body is contained.....
upon and below the abdomen, the Ditto of the circular part, contain.
large fracture, supposed to be ening the head...
067 tirely through the stone coffin, and Ditto of the outside of the coffin..... 1 lastly, the tomb itself, of modera Thickness of the sides, ends, and construction, paired indeed, but not bottom..
0 3 matched, with the ancient form, form Length inside...
together a testimonial phalanx of Extreme length outside..
evidence much too strong to be reBreadth at the head................... 2
sisted, with a view to prove, that the at the feet........
place in which the body is now found Length of the origiual cover or lid of the stone coffin .....
deposited, is not that of the first in. Breadth at the head...................
terment." The impatience of the Breadth at the feet.........
2v maltilude to view the royal remains
became so ungovernable as to make REMARKS BY GREEN.--"It bath it necessary to close up the object of already been said, that the foregoing their curiosity with some degree of discovery of the remains of King precipitancy: 'on the evening of TuesJohu bad resulted from the strong day, July 18, 1797, the day after it assumptions of conjecture, founded had been takeo down, and the royal op the opinions of former antiquaries remains laid open to the view of of established character, and support. some thousands of spectators, who ed by those of others of the present crowded to the Cathedral to see it, times, asserting that the original se- the tomb of King John was compulchre and interment of the royal pletely restored and finally closed. body was in the Lady's Chapel of
“ The difficulty of giving a clearer this Cathedral ; por bas the least cir- representation, by an engraving, of cumstance, from the recent disclosure the position of the sculi of King of it in the tomb in the choir, arisen John, has prevented us from atto invalidate those opioions and con- tempting what would rather add to jectures. Let then the reader form the obscurity of that which we should in bis imagination the stone coffin, in altempt more clearly to explain. It which the remains of the king dow will be seen by this statement of Mr. repose, to be let into the floor of the Sandford's, ihe lower jaw, not the Lady's Chapel, between the figures of
upper jaw, was displaced from the the two bishops already laid there, scull, and found near the right elbow.' and so deep as to have its top level There was no appearance of
grey with the pavement; and let him also bairs under the covering of the head, suppose the sculptured figure of the
por any toe nails visible *, and this king, now lying on the tomb, placed is corroborated by Mr. Jeal's MS. on the coffio as its covering, and “Since drawing up of the above which would apparently seem Jaid on account, we have met with the folthe floor; he will then have the en- lowing 'notice among Mr. Jeal's patire ancient sepulchre of King John, pers, and which has never been pubas originally constructed io that cha- lished :-On Tuesday, Nov. 26, 1793, pel, fully before bis mivd's eye. Those in the presence of the Dean, bis son, of the iwo prelates are precisely of Mr. Andrew St. Jubo, Mr. Kilvert, the same fashion, laid the same depth jo the earth, and in nothing different * “ No grey bairs ; it must be a part of but the sculptures, and the kind of the stuff of which the cap was made. No slone of which they are formed. It nails on the loes, por mortar.” Jeal's MS.
Mr. Plumptre, and Dr. Layard, tbe sword held by two hands thrust stone was removed under which it is through two books, the first super. supposed King Joho was buried. Upon scribed VERBUM DEI, the other LEX removing this stone we discovered a POPULI, and this motto over all, REX heap of bones, in about half the IN POTESTATE SUI PUGNANS-A King length of a stone coffin, the upper fighting in the exercise of his power. or head part having been mostly Sir Christopher Wray figured a
One stone, which had hand with a drawn sword, and tbis the appearance of being the head molto, THAT WAR IS JUST, WHICA IS stone, was placed at the upper end NECESSARY. of this half coffin, the head and other Colonel Allen made use of this bones were put into this half coffin, motto, without figure, MALEM MORI but there were no remains of lead, QUAM MANCIPARI-I would rather die wood, or any thing else. Upon ex- than be enslaved. amining the ground, I found, close Colonel Lambert, of Yorkshire, to this half coffin, the end of a brick figured a regal crowa set on the top vault; in which, perbaps, the daugh- of a pillar, and a hand out of a cloud ter of Bishop Maddox was buried. holding it on, with this motto, ut I have measured the length of the
That he may vault in which the bishop was bu- keep it safe. ried, and from the feet of that to this Colonel Sidney bore this only half stone coffin, and find it exactly motto, without figure, SANCTOS AMOR the same length: from this I con- PATRIÆ DAT ANIMUM--The holy love clude that, in order to make this of our country imparts courage to us. vault, they took away part of this Sir Thomas Pearse, Knight and stone coffin, which accounts for the Bart. of Scotland, gave this motto, hones being put towards the feet. without figure, FINIS CORONAT OPUS Near the monument of Dean Eades, The end crowns the work. on the pavement, is the effigy of a Colonel Rainsborough figured a bishop. The ground being hollow, BIBLE, inscribed VERBUM DEI, with a we examined a little into that, and hand and flaming sword over it, and found the effigy covered a stone cof- the niotto VINCIT VERITAS – -Truth fin, jo wbich are bones ; but, as no conquers. part of it was removed, I cannot as- Sir Isaac Sedley, of Kent, bore this certain if they lay in a regular or- only motto, without figure, FUGIENTI der ; if they do, there can be no
- No crown to him doubt but the body was buried there.
that flies. From the circumstance of finding this Colonel Doding, of Lancashire, stone coffin covered only by the ef- when (as it should seem) he was in figy, and the half stone coffin before some distress, figured a ship at sea all mentioned, covered only by a stope, 00 fire, and an angel appearing out I am inclined to think, that before of a cloud, with this motto, IN EXthe altar was removed from under TREMIS APPARET DEUS-God appears the East window, the effigs only of in extrentities. King John, pow io the choir, covered Lord Inchiquin figured for his dethis half, but then whole, stope coffin; vice an Irish harp, with this motto, and that, upop removing the altar, CONCORDES RESONEM DA DEUS ALME the effigy was removed to where it Sonos-Gracious God, grant that I now is. and the present stone put may once more resound with harmodown, bul removed to make a vault nious strains. for Miss Maddox'.”
Lord Viscount Ranelagh bore this
motto, without any device, NON IN Curious COATS OF ARMS, CRESTS, ÆQUO, SED AB EQUO VICTORIA—It is Morros, AND CORONET DEVICES. not in the justice of our cause, but
(Continued from p. 211.) from THE DISPENSER OF JUSTICE, we Colonel Jones, of Shropshire, used expect victory; this mollo, without figure, NEC FI
Sir James Montgomery figured a VENTU — Neither by force or
house on fire, with this motto, OPES chance.
NON ANIMUM -- as much as to say, Colonel Mallevory represented a the Rebels had destroyed his house hand holding a sword and a crown and property, but not his courage. Imperial on the top of it, and another He had another device, wherein the
MY OATH AND SWORD
GENTI SCOPULO FLUCTUS ASSULTAT
sky was stellified, and two branches from the faulcon's gorge, and the of laurel, with this motto, IRIT AL- motto, NON
- Not TERA MERCES-There shall be another
unless compelled. The same Major reward.
Cayoe had another coronet device, Lieul.-colonel George Duodas bore wherein he figured a church, on the this motto, withoat figure, BELLA top whereof was a hand holding an BEATORUM BELLA--Fair are the wars anchor, which was fixed in the clouds, of the blessed.
the motto, PRÆMIIS, NEC PRECIBUS, Captain Burg figured a hand hold- SED PRÆL1IS— Neither by rewards, jog a sword, with an olive branch, nor by entreaties, but by battles. motto, UTRUMQUE PARATUS Major Temple figured A BIBLE, Ready for either.
with this motto, VERITAS EST MAGNA, Captain John Barne bore this
ET PRÆVALEBIT-Great is truth, and motto, without figure, IN MONTE VI- it will prevail. DEBITUR DEUS God will be seen in Captain Washborne figured an the mountain.
armed man with a BIBLE in one hand, Captain Trenchard figured an barp and a sword in the other, with this with the strings broken, and the rhyme for a motto, motto, FIDES TEMERATA COEGIT Violated faith has compelled me to this.
Sir Wm. Sanders figured a hand and a sword, with PRO DEO ET PA- Mr. URBAN,
Sept. 25. - For God and my Country. Sir Edward Hartop, of Lancashire, In the Classical Journal for Decem
ber 1818, there appeared ao essay represented in his coronet the waves
on the Greek Pastoral Poets, in which of the sea dashing against a great the author contends that Theocritus rock, and the motto, IRRITUS IN
is absolutely untranslatable.
If, however, it shall appear in al. In vain does the wave beat against most every passage which is adduced a huge rock. Colonel Rideley, to show his dis- intangibility, of the Sicilian Poet, Mr.
to show the intractability, or rather like of Papacy, figured a hand and a
Polwhele has represented (and not sword from Heaven, penetrating a faintly) the features of his original ; triple crown, and the motto, DEUS
it will not only confute the positions GOD
of the Essayist, but convince us that arises, and they shall be scattered.
Mr. P. is no unsuccessful translator. Major Whitby figured a heart, of this, indeed, there cannot be a circumscribed PRO DEO PUGNAMUS,
more satisfactory proof, than to take PRO REGE OR AMUS, PRO PATRIA MO
for specimens the passages already RIAMUR-We fight for God, we pray cited by the Essayist : here every for the King, let us die for our country; possibility of unfairness or partiality The tumultuary army of “ Club
will be precluded. men, ,” which was formidable to both
To set forth the felicities of Theo. the Royal and Parliamentary parties critus, in observing the slighter shades in the year 1645, exhibited this motto
of nature, and in exhibiting paintings on their colours, IF YOU OFFER TO
of persons, dresses, and animals, the PLUNDER OR TAKE OUR CATTLE, BE
Essayist quotes, from Idyll. I.: - Each party endeavoured earnestly to gain over these Clubmen withouteffect; Και οι αει δριμεία χολα πολο polo
καθήλαι.” but having for some months stood on the defensive, and molested both Thus translated by Mr. P. : armies, they were at last dispersed by “ 'Tis Pan we fear-amid the woodland the Parliamentary forces under the 'command of Lieut.gen. Cromwell.
Whilst on his nostrils sits a bitter spleen.” Major Welden figured a pillar, half but entirely overlooked by Fawkes. broken, and the motto, STAT ADHUC In the same Idyll. a boy taken up -It stands yet.
by his own amusement : Major Benjamin Cayne, of New
- μελέλαι δε οι ουτε τι σηρης,” &c. England, depainted a faulcou seizing on a heron, yet the beron draws blood Thus translated :
ASSURED WE WILL GIVE YOU BATTLE.
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