Manuel García-Carpintero, Max Kölbel
OUP Oxford, Aug 14, 2008 - Philosophy - 336 pages
The truth of an utterance depends on various factors. Usually these factors are assumed to be: the meaning of the sentence uttered, the context in which the utterance was made, and the way things are in the world. Recently, however, a number of cases have been discussed where there seems to be reason to think that the truth of an utterance is not yet fully determined by these three factors, and that truth must therefore depend on a further factor. The most prominent examples includeutterances about values, utterances attributing knowledge, utterances that state that something is probable or epistemically possible, and utterances about the contingent future. In these cases, some have argued, the standard picture needs to be modified to admit extra truth-determining factors, andthere is further controversy about the exact role of any such extra factors.With contributions from some of the key figures in the contemporary debate on relativism this book is about a topic that is the focus of much traditional and current interest: whether truth is relative to standards of taste, values, or subjective informational states. It is an issue in the philosophy of language, but one with important connections to other areas of philosophy, such as meta-ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology.
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argue argument assertion assertoric assessment-sensitive Assessor scenarios believe Bonnay cappuccino circumstances of evaluation claim commitment context of assessment context of interpretation context of utterance context-sensitive contextualist correct disagreement Crispin Wright depends determines Didi Didi's discourse discussion dispute Egan epistemic community epistemic modal statement epistemic modals epistemic perspective epistemic possibility example factual relativism faultless disagreement Fintel future contingents Goldbach's conjecture Homer Simpson idea indexical relativism intensional intuitions Kaplan kind knowledge Kolbel language Lasersohn lekton linguistic logical MacFarlane's margin for error matters of taste means Naomi's norms notion objection Oxford University Press parameter particular perspective Philosophical point of evaluation possible world pragmatics predicate principle proposal proposition expressed relativist respect Richard semantic content semantic values sense sentence speaker speech act standard of taste standard semantics supervaluational supervaluationist Suppose syntactic taste facts temporal true relative truth-conditions truth-relativism truth-relativist truth-value vagueness Vegemite Vegemite tastes Williamson