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written upon Æschylus. Good cr bad, right or wrong, here it is all, one note upon another, neat as imported. First we have Stanley's remark upon Æschylus, then Pauw's note upon Stanley's remark, then Heath's criticism of Pauw's note, and lastly Dr B.'s character of all three. At v. 734. of the Scren ag. Th. we have nearly two pages of matter manifestly useless and irrelevant, at the end of which the editor assures us, Invitus hoc adscripsi; which is but a poor apology to his readers for their loss of time. Again, at y. 925. ". Mire hic hallucinatur Heathius, cujus annotatio inter virorum doctorum somnia numeranda est, ut nullo moda sit prætermittenda.” If Dr Butler thinks, that even the dreams of learned men are by no means to be omitted, he thinks differently from us, and from all who wish for a useful edition of Eschylus. Again, at v. 768.'” Totum locum, ut feliciter se emendasse gloriatur Wakefield. adscribam, non ut viri cl. conjecturis acquiescan, sed ut officio seduti editoris defungar.” Now, putting out of the question the excessive verbiage of this sort of remark, we must be allowed to observe, that it is no part whatever of the duty of a judicious editor, to commemorate the palpable absurdities of his brother critics. The object of publishing a book of this description should be, not to preserve and embalm the follies and oversights of other editors, but to enlarge the boundaries of real knowledge; to instruct and amuse its readers, by compressing as much useful information as can be procured, into as convenient a shape as can be given to it. And whatever scruples Dr B. may entertain, about omitting any of the critical vagaries of preceding commentators, he might at least spare his readers in the philological part, where we naturally seek, not for the absurdities of men who did not understand Æschylus, but for the elucidations of those who did. So far, however, is this from being the case, that, after detailing page upon page of the crudities of one man, the scurrilities of another, and the puerilities of a third, he makes such remarks as the following. “Non semel puduit nos Pauwii, hominis frontis persrictx et audacis inscientiæ, contumelias exscribere, in quos jactas viros ! ” S. BUTLER. * Nec hunc nec illum operæ pretium est refellere." S. BUTLER.
But, above all, we object (considering the grent scarcity of fine Tags occasioned by the present war), to the enormous waste of paper upon what Dr B. terms enarrations, or declarations of the metres. As a specimen of what occurs repeatedly, we need only mention, that at v. 880. of the S. ag. Th, we have, first, two pages of the metrical crotchets of Pauw and Heath, “ quorum hic, " says Dr B., "
non semper bené rem gessit, ille in his metris declarandis ubique fere turpiter erravit :” These are followed by four pages of Mr Hermann's declaration of the same chorus,
and these by no less than six of the Doctor's own. And, after all, no mention whatever is made of Dr Burney's arrangement, which is incomparably the best,—and which reaches alinost to certainty in every instance where any thing like certainty is attainable ; for which reason, were there no other, we judge that the metrical discussions, which occupy nearly 80 pages out of 270 in the critical commentaries, are next to useless. On the whole, we affirm with confidence, that if all the matter which is manifestly superfluous, and, even according to Dr Butler, confessedly wrong, were expunged from the « Notre Varr. et Butleri Critt. et Philology, they would be reduced in bulk at least one half. The learned Editor is, we presume, himself aware, that the inconvenience which attends the great size of his book, is such as to render it nearly useless to every one but an editor ; for we are informed, that when he has published seven thick octavo volumes of a corrupt text, he intends to publish an eighth, containing the text according to his own notions ; for which a subscription is, we hear, on foot. We embrace with pleasure this opportunity of announcing a circumstance of such importance to the literary world, who, having been taught by the specimen which we have just given them, what is to be expected from Dr Butier, will no doubt await the appearance of this supplemental volume with an impatience proportioned to their opinion of his merits.
We had nearly forgotten to remark, that Dr Butler writes Latin fuently and with ease, but not without considerable affectation. Iis desire of exhibiting his style, leads him into long and vapid declamations upon the beauties of his author. We must content ourselves with transcribing one of these effusions on y. 900., where Clytemnestra is describing the exceeding annoyance and want of sleep, occasioned at night by the vexatious morsitation and stridulous buzzing of that nimble litile insect, which the Greeks called xóvart, or wris, and Englishmen, a gnat. Imago quam suavissima ! quam ad affectus pingendos miro artificio, quam breviter expressa ! Qualis profecto nemini alii præter Shakespearium in mentem venire potuNec prætereundum illud, quod se adeo vigilantem dor
This is not quite correct. Meleager complains, in the Anthology, that the anats torment his mistress; and intercedes with them to allow her half an hour's sleep : and Pliny scems to have suffered in the same way, for he calls the nuzzins of this inseci positively' truculentan.! The Shepherd, in Virgil's Culex, moreover, was bitten till he awoke. Horace complains that mali culices ranaque palustres Avertunt semnos ; and mentions, that Cleopatra slept under a musquiera,sri, (conca pium), with which piece of luxury Clyremnestra seems to have been unacquainted. One of the little birds, called xwwwrólaprd, would have been singularly useful in her apartment. Brodæus M. Jean Brodeau) facetiousy ielis us, that gnals were called sipūns, from their noise, si, si, si. An equally ingenious derivation is that of wwwl.
mire dicat, ut vel tenuissima culicis murmurantis strepitu excitaretur. Hæc
Hæc ægrum et solicitum animum quam ornate, quam vere, quam suaviter depingunt!” S. BUTLER.
We now take leave of Dr Butler, having again apologized to our readers for the extreine prolixity of this article, which we have protracted to so great a length, solely for the satisfaction of the gentleman who is the object of it. 'Having given a sort of general notice of his former volumes, and pointed out a few of the principal defects in them, we were concerned to find, that Dr Butler accused us of dealing too much in generalities. We thought it therefore but justice to ourselves and the Doctor to make amends, in the present article, by being scrupulously precise and specific. It remains for himself and our readers to judge, whether he has gained any thing by the change. από του έχειν τους ώπας ώς κώνους είς οξυ λήγοντας, from having conical invite. Dr B. would have conferred a favour upon Entomologists, by settling a question which perplexed some naturalists of antiquity, viz. whether it be reasonable to suppose a gnat Κατά το στόμ' άδειν, και κατα του οπύγιαν; For our own part, we have not made up our minds on the subject.
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