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"Ye Tow'rs of Julius (b), London's lasting "shame,
"With many a foul and midnight murder fed, "Revere his Consort's faith (c), his father's ❝ fame (d),
"And spare the meek Usurper's holy head (e).
thence we are hurried, with the wildest rapidity, into the midst of Battle; and the epithet kindred, places at once before our eyes all the peculiar horrors of Civil War. Immediately, by a transition most striking and unexpected, the Poet falls into a tender and pathetic Address; which, from the sentiments and also from the numbers, has all the melancholy flow, and breathes all the plaintive softness, of Elegy. Again the Scene changes; again the Bard rises into an allegorical description of Carnage, to which the metre is admirably adapted: and the concluding Sentence of personal punishment on Edward is denounced with a solemnity, that chills and terrifies.
(b) Ye tours of Fulius.
Henry the Sixth, George Duke of Clarence, Edward the Fifth, Richard Duke of York, &c. believed to be murdered secretly in the Tower of London. The oldest part of that structure is vulgarly attributed to Julius Cæsar.
(c) Revere his consort's faith
Margaret of Anjou, a woman of heroic spirit, who struggled hard to save her husband and her crown.
his father's fame.
(d) Henry the Fifth.
(e) And spare the meek usurper's holy head.
Henry the Sixth, very near being canonized. The line of Lancaster had no right of inheritance to the crown.
"Above, below, the rose of snow (ƒ),
"Wallows beneath the thorny shade. "Now, Brothers, bending o'er th' accursed loom, "Stamp we our vengeance deep, and ratify his "doom.
"Edward, lo! to sudden fate
66 (Weave we the woof. The thread is spun.) "Half of thy heart we consecrate (h).
26 (The web is wove. The work is done.") "Stay, oh stay! nor thus forlorn
"Leave me unbless'd, unpitied, here to mourn:
(f) -the rose of snow, &c.
The white and red roses, devices of York and Lancaster.
(g) The bristled boar
The silver boar was the badge of Richard the Third; whence he was usually known in his own time by the name of the Boar.
(h) Half of thy heart we consecrate.
Eleanor of Castile died a few years after the conquest of Wales. The heroic proof she gave of her affection for her lord is well known. The monuments of his regret and sorrow for the loss of her, are still to be seen at Northampton, Gaddington, Waltham, and other places.
"In yon bright track, that fires the western skies, "They melt, they vanish from my eyes. "But oh! what solemn scenes on Snowdon's height
"Descending slow their glittering skirts unroll? "Visions of glory, spare my aching sight!
"Ye unborn Ages, crowd not on my soul! "No more our long-lost Arthur we bewail (i). "All-hail, ye genuine Kings, Britannia's Issue, "hail (k).
"Girt with many a Baron bold "Sublime their starry fronts they rear;
"And gorgeous Dames, and Statesmen old, "In bearded majesty, appear.
"In the midst a Form divine!
"Her eye proclaims her of the Briton-Line;
(i) No more our long-lost Arthur we bewail.
It was the common belief of the Welsh nation, that King Arthur was still alive in Fairyland, and would return again to reign over Britain.
(k) All-hail, ye genuine Kings, Britannia's issue, hail! Both Merlin and Talliessin had prophesied, that the Welsh should regain their sovereignty over this island; which seemed to be accomplished in the house of Tudor.
"Her lion-port, her awe-commanding face (1), "Attemper'd sweet to virgin-grace.
"What strings symphonious tremble in the air,
"What strains of vocal transport round her play! "Hear from the grave, great Talliessin (m), hear;
"They breathe a soul to animate thy clay. "Bright Rapture calls, and soaring as she sings, "Waves in the eye of Heav'n her many-colour'd
"The verse adorn again
"Fierce War, and faithful Love (n), "And Truth severe, by fairy Fiction drest.
(1) Her lion-port, her awe-commanding face.
Speed, relating an audience given by Queen Elizabeth, to Paul Dzialinski, ambassador of Poland, says, " And thus she, lion-like rising, "daunted the malapert orator no less with her stately port and majes❝tical deporture, than with the tartnesse of her princelie checkes."
(m) Hear from the grave, great Talliessin.
Talliessin, chief of the Bards, flourished in the sixth century. His works are still preserved, and his memory held in high veneration among his countrymen.
(n) Fierce War, and faithful Love.
Fierce wars and faithful loves shall moralize my song.
"In buskin'd measures move (0) "Pale Grief, and pleasing Pain, "With Horror, Tyrant of the throbbing breast. "A voice, as of the Cherub Choir (p), "Gales from blooming Eden bear; "And distant warblings lessen on my ear, (q) "That lost in long futurity expire.
"Fond impious Man, think'st thou yon sanguine "cloud,
"Rais'd by thy breath, has quench'd the Orb of day?
"To-morrow he repairs the golden flood, "And warms the nations with redoubled ray. "Enough for me: With joy I see
"The different doom our Fates assign. "Be thine Despair, and sceptred Care, "To triumph, and to die, are mine."
(o) In buskin'd measures move. Shakespeare.
(p) A voice, as of the cherub-choir. Milton.
(q) And distant warblings lessen on my ear. The succession of Poets after Milton's time.