## Pakistan Development Review, Volume 16, Issues 1-3Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 1977 - Pakistan |

### From inside the book

Results 1-3 of 47

Page 1

Briefly, the grant element, which is a measure of the degree of concession of a

given loan, is

amount repayable on a loan in equal annual instalments and the second

involves ...

Briefly, the grant element, which is a measure of the degree of concession of a

given loan, is

**calculated**in two stages. The first deals with the**calculation**of theamount repayable on a loan in equal annual instalments and the second

involves ...

Page 3

If the values of these variables, as well as the amount of the principal loaned are

known, then the value of the instalment repayable on the loan can be

However, loans may be repaid in one of three ways. The first is in equal annual ...

If the values of these variables, as well as the amount of the principal loaned are

known, then the value of the instalment repayable on the loan can be

**calculated**.However, loans may be repaid in one of three ways. The first is in equal annual ...

Page 4

Having

the grant element for the loan. This is given below: Q — PV x 100 Q or (1 - PV) x

100 (3) Q where Q is the amount of the principal loaned and PV is its present ...

Having

**calculated**the present value of a loan from formula 2 it is simple to derivethe grant element for the loan. This is given below: Q — PV x 100 Q or (1 - PV) x

100 (3) Q where Q is the amount of the principal loaned and PV is its present ...

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### Contents

A Simple Optimisation Model for Cotton Processing Activities | 17 |

An Urban Poverty Line Estimate | 49 |

A Policy Review | 89 |

4 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

adjusted age of marriage agricultural analysis assumption average Bangladesh basic needs calculated capital cloth coefficient Column constraints consumption cost crops demand for contraception developing countries Development Economics diesel wagons domestic earnings Economic Development Economy of Pakistan educational level effective exchange rate employment equation estimates exchange rate expenditure explanatory variable export factors farm farmers fertility foreign inflow grant element gross domestic product growth rate import substitution increase industry Institute of Development interest rates investment Islamabad Karachi Korea labour Lahore living children loans ment mortality number of children number of living objective functions opportunity cost output Pakistan Development Review Pakistan Institute percent percentage period petrol PIDE Planning population growth poverty line primary education problem production Punjab ratio Rawalpindi regression rupees sample savings sector solutions spindles Statistical Table target tion trade urban yarn