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Program and financing—Continued

[In thousands of dollars)

1960 actual 1961 estimate | 1962 estimate Program by activities–Continued 6. Multiple-purpose so lower-on. (21). Fort Randall Reservoir, S. Dak- 757 466 1,000 (22), Oahe Reservoir, S. Dak---- 47,051 49,363 40,000 (23) Cheatham lock and dam, Cumberland River system, Kentu Tennessee----------------------------------- 181 123 -------------(24) Denison Reservoir (Lake Texoma), Tex. and Okla.: Highway Bridge at Willis site-------- 401 161 -------------(25) McGee Bend Dam, Tex-------- ---- 6,850 5,995 9,600 (26) Chief Joseph Dam, Wash ----- ---- 519 323 100 (27). Ice Harbor lock and dam, Washington.-------- 29, 380 25,400 8, 200 (28) Lower Monumental lock and dam, Washing1,000 8,000 1,036 |-------------Total, multiple-purpose rojects------------- 224,015 254, 121 252,560 7. Recreation on completed projects----------------------- 2,310 2,734 3,000 8. Small authorized projects------------------------------ 3, 107 5, 260 2,500 9. Coordination Act studies (Fish and Wildlife Service).--- 475 513 550 10. Rehabilitation: (a) Major rehabilitation projects: (I) Advance engineering and design--------|-------------- 727 328 (II) Construction-Navigation: (1) Bodega Bay, Calif 185 (2) Morro Bay, Calif.--- 800 (3) Calumet Harbor a 1. and Ind------------------ 230 (4) Grand Haven Harbor, Mich---|--------------|-------------- 300 (5) Menominee Harbor, Mich. and Wis--------------------- 265 (6) St. o Harbor. Mich------ 300 to south Haven Harbor, Mich] 300 (8) Great Sodus Bay Harbor, N.Y. 240 to do. For Rio dock Noij, N.C.------------------- ---------------------------------- 375 (10) Cleveland Harbor, Ohio-------|--------------|-------------- 200 (11) Columbia River at the mouth, regon----------------------|---------------------------- 700 (12) Coos Bay, South Jetty, Oreg----------------|-------------- 500 (13) Siuslaw River, South Jetty, 500 Teo------------------------(14) Umpqua River, Oreg-- 500 (15) Point Judith Harbor, R.I. 700 (16) Galveston Harbor, Tex- 650 (17) Burlington Harbor, Vt.--- 275 (18) Milwaukee Harbor, Wis- -- 250 (19). Sheboygan Harbor, Wis------- 200 (III) Construction-Flood control: (1) Canton Reservoir, Okla--------|--------------|-------------- 350 Total, major rehabilitationconstruction------------------------------ 405 7,820 (b) Minor rehabilitation projects-------------------|-------------- 2,500 2,500 Total-rehabilitation------------------------|-------------- 3, 632 10,648 11. Undistributed reduction based on anticipated delays and savings------------------------------------------------ ---------------------- –50,000 Total obligations---------------------------------- 672, 945 742,374 733,293 Financing: Comparative transfer to other accounts------------------- 1,079 2,029 |-------------Unobligated balance brought forward –62, 402 –49, 842 -11, 931 Recovery of prior year obligations----------- -- -108 ---------------------------Unobligated balance carried forward---------------------- 49.842 11,931 -------------New obligational authority (appropriation).------------- 661,356 706, 492 721,362 Object classification

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[In thousands of dollars)

1960 actual 1961 estimate 1962 estimate corps of Exoneers, army-civil 11 Personnel compensation: Permanent positions--------------------------------- 61,791 60,269 71,950 Positions other than permanent------------ 779 678 678 Other personnel compensation--- 3,249 2,331 2,065 Pay to commissioned officers----------------- 425 525 525 Total personnel compensation---------------------- 66,244 72, 803 75,218 12 Personnel benefits: Civilian personnel benefits---------------------------- 3, 657 4,450 4-601 Military personnel benefits---------------- 59 64 64 21 Travel and transportation of persons 1,088 1-180 1,180 22 Transportation of things--------------- 244 250 300 23 Rent, communications, and utilities. 514 560 565 24. Printing and reproduction------- 203 210 215 25 other services-------------------------------------------- 35,147 40,000 45,000 Services of Other services------------------------------------ 1.277 1,350 1,300 “Revolving fund, Corps of Engineers–Civil” 11,229 12,500 13,500 25 Supplies and materials------------------------------- 2,206 2,400 2,350 31 Equipment------------- 656 7 715 32 Lands and structures 549, 355 605,178 587,495 42 Insurance claims and indemnities 358 375 Subtotal------------------------------------------------ 672,237 742,030 732,868 Deduct quarters and subsistence charges---------------------- 396 400 400 Total, Corps of Engineers, Army-Civil------------------ 671, 841 741, 630 732,468 ALLocation. Accounts 11 Personnel compensation: Permanent positions---------------------------------- 241 295 3.31 Positions other than permanent 14 16 19 Other personnel compensation---------------- -------- 2 1 -------------Total personnel compensation---------------------- 257 3.13 350 12 Personnel benefits---------------------------------------- 20 25 26 21 Travel and transportation of persons---------------------- 26 32 30 22 Transportation of things---------------------------------- 3. 3. 3. 23 Rent, communications, and utilities---------------------- 6 7 7 24 Printing and reproduction-------------------------------- 2 1. 1. 25. Other services-------------------------------------------- 201 264 169 26 Supplies and materials------------------------------------ o 11 10 31 Equipment----------------------------------------------- 6 6 6 32 Lands and structures------------------------------------- 574 82 223 Total, allocation accounts------------------------------- 1, 104 744 825 Total obligations---------------------------------------- 672,945 742,374 733,293 Obligations are distributed as follows: rps of Engineers, Army—Civil--------- 671, 841 741, 630 732,468 Department of Agriculture (Forest Service 5 ---------------------------Department of the Interior (Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife).------------------------------------------------ 475 513 550 Department of the Interior (Bureau of Reclamation).------ 624 231 275 Personnel summary

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1960 actual 1961 estimate | 1962estimate corps or engineers Total number of permanent positions------------------------- 10,266 10,676 10,990 Full-time equivalent of other positions- 224 208 208 Average number of all employees---- 10,251 10,585 10,869 Number of employees at end of year- 10,831 11,235 11,631 Average G8 grade----------------------- 7.6 7.6 7.6 Average G8 salary------------------- $6,326 $6,824 $6,848 Average salary of ungraded positions-------------------------- $5,577 $5,687 $5,747 ALLocation. Accounts Total number of permanent positions------------------------- 50 50 57 Full-time equivalent of other positions--- 4 4 5 Average number of all employees-------- 44 50 56 Number of employees at end of year----- 36 47 54 Average G8 grade----------------------- - 7. 9 7. 9 7. 9 Average G8 salary------------------------------------ $6,088 $6,568 $6,592 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Program and financing [In thousands of dollars) 1960 actual | 1961 estimate | 1962 estimate Program by activities: 1. Navigation projects: (a) Channels and harbors-------------------------- 54,866 62,725 65, 525 (b) Locks, dams, and canals------------------------ 24, 380 26, 350 26, 2. Flood control projects: (a) Reservoirs-------------------------------------- 5,468 6, 462 7,400 (b) Channel improvements, inspections, and miscellaneous maintenance----------------------- 1, 140 3. Multiple-purpose projects including power. 21, 200 4. Emergency project maintenance------------------------ 500 Total, operation and maintenance of projects--------- 103,590 117, 124 122, 149 5. Protection of navigation-------------------------------- 3,536 4,300 4,230 6. Emergency flood control activities---------------------- 5,438 10,000 7,000 7. Niagara remedial works-------------------------------- 52 76 70 8. National emergency activities--------------------------|--------------|-------------- 151 Total program costs---------------------------------- 112,616 131,500 133,600 9. Relation of costs to obligations: Costs financed from obligations of other years, net (-)-----------------------------------------Obligations incurred for costs of other years, net---Total obligations--------------------------------Financing:

Comparative transfers to other accounts
Unobligated balance brought forward-
Unobligated balance carried forward----------------------

New obligational authority----------------------------

New obligational authority:
Appropriation-------------------------------------------- 117,685
Proposed supplemental due to pay increases--------------|--------------

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Object classification
|In thousands of dollars)

1960 actual 1961 estimate 1962 estimate 11 Personnel compensation: Permanent positions 61,008 65,146 65,530 Positions other than permanent 1,218 1,246 1,247 Other personnel compensation- 4,522 4,031 3,781 Pay to commissioned officers------- 127 362 362 Total personnel compensation--------------------------- 66,875 70,785 70, 920 12 Personnel benefits: Civilian personnel benefits---------------------------- 4,061 4,977 5,000 Military personnel benefits------ -- - 4. 11 11 21 Travel and transportation of persons. 604 650 650 22 Transportation of things------------- - 150 160 160 23 Rent, communications, and utilities-- 1,539 1,600 1,600 24 Printing and reproduction----------- ---- --- 46 50 50 25 Other services------------- - - 27, 163 33,620 36,069 Services of Other agencies-- 713 800 800 “Revolving fund 8,862 10,994 11,545 26 Supplies and materials 5, 5,500 5,500 31 Equipment----------- --- --- 400 400 400 32 Lands and structures-------------- ---- --- 1,315 1,400 1,400 42. Insurance claims and indemnities------------------------- 5 5 5 Subtotal------------------------------------------------ 116,822 130,952 134,110 Deduct quarters and subsistence charges---------------- --- 464 500 510 Total obligations------------------------- 116,358 130,452 133,600 Personnel summary 1960 actual 1961 estimate | 1962 estimate Total number of permanent positions------------------------- 10,746 10, 920 10,960 Full-time equivalent of other position --- 311 3.18 3.18 Average number of all employees---- --- 10,677 10,845 10, 905 Number of employees at end of year- ---------------- 10, 937 11, 100 11,225 Average G8 grade-------------------- ------------------ 7.6 7.6 7.6 Average G8 salary------------------- ------------------ $6,326 $6,824 $6,848 Average salary of ungraded positions-------------------------- $5,577 $5,687 $5,747

Mr. CANNoN. We take up this morning the estimates on the appropriations for public works. I trust you gentlemen will be as easy on us as you can. We need missiles and nuclear submarines more than we need civilian improvements right at this particular time. We should in the next year, for this year at least, emphasize national defense rather than national improvements.

We have with us this morning General Cassidy, Director of Civil Works of the Office, Chief of Engineers, and we will be glad to have a statement from him at this time. General Cassidy.

GENERAL STATEMENT

General CAssidy. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, it is a pleasure to appear before you to present the civil works budget for fiscal year 1962. A new Chief of Engineers to replace General Itschner has not yet been confirmed by the Senate, hence I am presenting this budget to you.

First, I should like to introduce my staff who will be with you for the next few days. On my right is Mr. B. J. Tofani, Chief of the Programs Division. On my left is Col. W. P. McCrone, Comptroller, Office, Chief of Engineers. Behind me are:

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Col. S. E. Smith, Assistant Director of Civil Works for Eastern Divisions;

Col. R. M. Tarbox, Assistant Director of Civil Works for Southwestern Divisions;

Lt. Col. R. J. Giesen, Assistant Director of Civil Works for Middlewestern Divisions;

Lt. Col. J. F. Garbacz, Assistant Director of Civil Works for Northwestern Divisions;

Mr. C. W. Kinney, Special Assistant to Director of Civil Works;
Lt. Col. L. J. Goodsell, Executive;
Mr. H. Cohen, Assistant Chief, Programs Division;
Mr. F. R. Heller, Chief, Project Operations Branch;
Mr. E. H. Jones, Assistant Chief, Project Development Branch;
Mr. H. K. Howes, Assistant Chief, Budget and Programs Division;

And from the Office of the Army Comptroller, Mr. Stuart H. D. Freed, Budget Analyst.

The budget, as amended on March 24, 1961, provides a total of $954.1 million for carrying out all of the civil works activities of the Corps of Engineers. It provides for the initiation or resumption of a number of surveys, planning and construction projects, in addition to providing adequate funds for continuing the surveys, projects and other activities now underway. I believe that the request provides for a well-balanced program in the development of our water resources.

GENERAL INVESTIGATIONS For General Investigations, the budget provides $13.4 million as compared to an appropriation of $12 million for fiscal year 1961. Funds are provided for the initiation of 41 surveys, of which 11 will be completed, and for the completion of 126 others which are now underway. An amount of $500,000 is included for flood plain studies, a new activity authorized in the 1960 Flood Control Act. This authority provides for the compilation and dissemination of data on floods and flood damages for local interests for planning the use and regulation of the flood plains of our river basins. The need for this activity was stressed by the President in his recent message on natural resources, and by the Senate Select Committee in its report on water resources. While the Federal flood control program is reducing flood losses in the areas in which protection is being provided, our rapid growth and expansion are resulting in increased development of flood plain lands, often without adequate recognition of flood hazards. These studies are a means by which the Federal Government and the States and local interests can mutually assist each other to encourage sound local planning for flood plain use and development.

CONSTRUCTION The request of $721.4 million for the construction, general appropriation compares with a fiscal year 1961 appropriation of $706.8 million. It provides for 43 new planning starts, 50 new construction starts, including reimbursements to local interests for work accomplished, and for maintaining progress on going projects at reasonable rates of construction. With the amounts proposed 35 projects will be completed which aggregate a total Federal cost

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