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And him by oath they truly honoured 3.
From this fair throne to heave the owner out *.
What could he see, but mightily he noted?
As the grim lion fawneth o'er his prey,
A pair of MAIDEN WORLDS unconquered,] Maiden worlds! How happeneth this, friend Collatine, when Lucretia hath so long. lain by thy side? Verily, it insinuateth thee of coldness. AMNER. 2 Save of their lord, no bearing yoke they knew,] So, Ovid, describing Lucretia in the same situation :
Effugiet? positis urgetur pectora palmis, Nunc primum externá pectora tacta manu. MALONE. 3 And him by OATH they truly honoured.] Alluding to the ancient practice of swearing domesticks into service. So, in Cymbeline :
"Her servants are all sworn and honourable." STEEVENS. The matrimonial oath was, I believe, alone in our author's thoughts. MAlone.
to HEAVE the owner out.] So, in a subsequent stanza : "My sighs, like whirlwinds, labour hence to heave thee." The octavo 1616, and the modern editions, read:
to have the owner out." MALONE.
5 And In his will his wilful eye he TIR'D.] This may mean'He glutted his lustful eye in the imagination of what he had resolved to do.' To tire is a term in falconry. So, in Heywood's Rape of Lucrece: "Must with keen fang tire upon thy flesh." Perhaps we should read-" And on his will," &c. STEEVENS. by gazing QUALIFIED ;] i. e. softened, abated, diminished. So, in The Merchant of Venice:
His eye, which late this mutiny restrains,
And they, like straggling slaves for pillage fighting,
In bloody death and ravishment delighting,
Gives the hot charge, and bids them do their liking.
His drumming heart chears up his burning eye,
"Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify
Again, in Othello: "I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that was craftily qualified too." MALONE.
fell exploits EFFECTING,] Perhaps we should readaffecting. STEEVENS.
The preceding line, and the two that follow, support, I think, the old reading. Tarquin only expects the onset; but the slaves here mentioned do not affect or meditate fell exploits, they are supposed to be actually employed in carnage :
"for pillage fighting,
"Nor children's tears, nor mothers' groans respecting." The subsequent line,
"Swell in their pride, the onset still expecting:
refers, not to the slaves, but to Tarquin's veins. MAlone. 8 GIVES THE hot CHARGE,-] So, in Hamlet:
66 proclaim no shame,
"When the compulsive ardour gives the charge."
9 His eye COMMENDS the leading to his hand ;] To commend in our author's time sometimes signified to commit, sense here. So, in The Winter's Tale :
commend it strangely to some place, "Where chance may nurse, or end it."
Again, in King Richard II. :
and has that
"His glittering arms he will commend to rust." MALONE.
Smoking with pride, march'd on to make his stand
They mustering to the quiet cabinet
And fright her with confusion of their cries:
Imagine her as one in dead of night
Wrapp'd and confounded in a thousand fears, Like to a new-kill'd bird she trembling lies3; She dares not look; yet, winking, there appears
On her bare breast, the HEART of all her land :] So, in Antony and Cleopatra :
Again, in Hamlet:
the very heart of loss."
I will wear him
heart's core; ay, in my heart of heart." MALONE.
2 The sight which makes supposed terror TRUE.] The octavo 1616, and the modern editions, read :
which makes supposed terror rue." MALONE.
3 Wrapp'd and confounded in a thousand fears,
Like to a new-kill'd bird she TREMBLING lies ;] So Ovid, describing Lucretia in the same situation :
Illa nihil; neque enim vocem viresque loquendi
Aut aliquid toto pectore mentis habet.
Sed tremit- MALONE.
Quick-shifting anticks, ugly in her eyes;
Such shadows are the weak brain's forgeries *; Who, angry that the eyes fly from their lights 5, In darkness daunts them with more dreadful sights.
His hand, that yet remains upon her breast,
First, like a trumpet, doth his tongue begin
4 Such shadows are the weak brain's FORGERIES ;] Midsummer-Night's Dream:
So, in A
"These are the forgeries of jealousy." STEEVENS. Again, in Hamlet :
"This is the very coinage of your
"This bodiless creation ecstacy
"Is very cunning in." MALONE.
S- the eyes fly from their lights.] We meet with this conceit again in Julius Cæsar:
"His coward lips did from their colour fly." STEEvens. Beating her BULK, that his hand shakes withal.] Bulk is frequently used by our author, and other ancient writers, for body. So, in Hamlet:
"As it did seem to shatter all his bulk,
“And end his being."
See vii. p. 261, n. 1. MALONE.
7 To make the breach, and enter this sweet city.] So, in our author's Lover's Complaint:
"And long upon these terms I held my city,
"Till thus he 'gan besiege me."
Again, in All's Well that Ends Well: "-marry, in blowing him down again, with the breach yourselves made, you lose your city." MALONE.
8-o'er the white sheet peers her whiter chin,] So, in Cymbeline :
The reason of this rash alarm to know,
Thus he replies: The colour in thy face
Thy never-conquer'd fort1; the fault is thine,
Thus I forestall thee, if thou mean to chide :
"And whiter than the sheets." MALONE.
So Otway, in Venice Preserved:
66 in virgin sheets,
"White as her bosom." STEEVENS.
9 Under what COLOUR he commits this ill.
Thus he replies: The COLOUR in thy face-] The same play on the same words occurs in King Henry IV. Part II. :
this that you heard, was but a colour.
"Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir John." STEEVENS.
And the red rose BLUSH AT HER OWN DISGRACE,] A thought somewhat similar occurs in May's Supplement to Lucan :
Non rosea æquaret, nisi primo victa fuisset,
Et pudor augeret quem dat natura ruborem. STEEVENS. 2 Under that colour am I come to scale
Thy never-conquer'd fort:]
So, in Marlowe's Hero and
every limb did, as a souldier stout,
"Defend the fort, and keep the foe-man out :
We have had in a former stanza
"Her breasts, like ivory globes circled with blue." MALONE.