Critical Faith: Toward a Renewed Understanding of Religious Life and Its Public Accountability
Can religious faith be critical and remain recognizable as faith? Or is the idea of a critical faith a contradiction in terms? In this book an emerging new voice in the philosophy of religion argues in favor of critical faith. Playing on a double meaning of the word 'critical', the title of the book suggests that faith is not only a critical (crucial) component of human life, but also a component that can and should develop in a critical (intellectually vigilant) way. Taking John Locke's reflections on the relationship between faith and reason as his point of departure, the author weaves his discussion around a wide array of intellectual figures and conversations. In addition to addressing important elements in the work of such historical figures as Aquinas and Locke, Kuipers also incorporates themes from recent discussions in the philosophy of science, feminist epistemology, philosophy of language, liberal theology, and critical theory. The book ends with a discussion of elements in Jurgen Habermas's theory of communicative action, and offers a critical assessment of the merit of Habermas's notion of critical rationality as a normative yardstick for the achievement of a critical faith.
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abstract According achieve analytic philosophy Aquinas argues assent atheism become beliefs Buckley chapter character Christian cognitive dimension communicative action communicative rationality conception concerning contemporary context critical deism describes desire discussion divine doctrine elements Enlightenment Enlightenment's epistemology existence explore fact fideism formal procedures geloof gious Habermas Habermas's Hendrik Vroom hermeneutic historical important insistence integration intellectual interpretation Kolakowski Lalonde legitimation Lessius lifeworld linguistic meaning Locke Locke's logical positivism logical positivist ment metaphorical modern natural reason natural theology niet normative orientation particular religious Peperzak philosophical philosophy of religion Polanyi position possible practice propositions question rational reality relationship reli religious culture religious faith religious language religious life patterns religious tradition response revelation rience role Rorty says scientific semantic potentials sense social sort Soskice spiritual commitment spiritual receptivity substantive suggests thinkers Tillich tion transcendent truth understanding of religious understood validity claims verification principle Vroom worldview
Page 23 - ... faculties God has given him, and seeks sincerely to discover truth by those helps and abilities he has, may have this satisfaction in doing his duty as a rational creature, that though he should miss truth, he will not miss the reward of it : for he governs his assent right, and places it as he should, who in any case or matter whatsoever believes or disbelieves according as reason directs him.
Page 23 - I think it may not be amiss to take notice, that, however faith be opposed to reason, faith is nothing but a firm assent of the mind ; which, if it be regulated, as is our duty, cannot be afforded to any thing but upon good reason, and so cannot be opposite to it.