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that day forth she disliked sunflowers, and could breakfast-time, but Uncle Archie was too busy not bear to look at one in a garden. But by this with letters and newspapers to perceive the differtime she was standing close to Uncle Archie, his ence in her, and went off as usual to the Four arm was round her, and she was sobbing out her Courts, Rose watching him as usual from the wingrief on his shoulder-a soothing process, which dow, but not, as always before, with a light heart presently calmed the poor little soul, and by degrees and smiling face. and degrees her tears stopped, and her sobs grew Miss Smyly could not make the little girl out in few and far between.
the schoolroom that morning, and after lessons " I'm not naughty now," she said, with a great sigh. were over she was fractious and cross, and not at all
“No, no, you are not naughty now," was the kind like herself. Poor Rose did not herself know why reply, “and you'll never be so naughty again-- this was, but the secret grief in her heart interfered never; I know that very well, and so we'll say no with everything, and she felt ready to cry or speak more about it. Suppose you and Aileen cut out fretfully at the merest trifles. kings and queens?”
A few days passed away, and she became more This was a favourite occupation of the children. like Uncle Archie's little Rose. The impression, Uncle Archie used to draw outline figures of men no doubt, would have quite faded from her mind if and women in long robes, with crowns on their there had not been the daily lessons to keep it heads and sceptres in their hands, which were up, and also
an uncomfortable feeling about called kings and queens, and which Rose and Aileen Aileen, which she was hardly aware of herself, used to cut out and then play with. It was not but which, without her understanding it, made her very often that Uncle Archie had leisure for this unhappy. amusement, so it was always looked on as a treat. Miss Smyly remarked a difference in her, and
So Rose took her scissors and began, and soon asked her more than once if she felt well: a questhe three were at work, though Rose's head ached, tion that surprised Rose, as she was not conscious her eyes were heavy, her cheeks pale, and her poor that she did not appear the same as usual, and she little nose had a red tip to it.
always replied, “ Quite well, thank you.” Then For the first time since Uncle Archie had found Miss Smyly consulted Bridget, who bade her rather her in his arm-chair on that memorable night, sharply “not have her fancies," for Bridget had a now four years ago, she felt glad when the knock jealousy of Miss Smyly that she could never get at the drawing-room door sounded which told over, and had no idea at all of being on confidential that Bridget stood outside ready to carry the chil- terms with her. dren off to their beds.
Miss Smyly did not feel easy about her little When Uncle Archie kissed her and bade her pupil, whom she loved very dearly, and was afraid good-night, she clasped him tightly round the neck, that she might be going to be ill, if she were not ill and held him to her with her two little arms with a already; so she watched her carefully, and still she strength that was quite surprising.
was not satisfied. He did not wish to make the occasion too solcmn, One day Aileen had translated a page of French and thought the sooner she forgot her strange and, into English, and written it out so very nicely that to him, very unexpected burst of naughtiness the Miss Smyly said, “I am sure Mr. Burke has no idea better, so he just kissed her as usual, and said how well you are getting on, Aileen. He would gaily, “Good-night, my own little maiden.”
be extremely pleased at this, and you may show And so the two children went to bed.
it to him when he comes home." But if Uncle Archie thought Rose was going Aileen, instead of looking glad, as her governess to forget either easily or quickly the events that expected, coloured painfully, and sending a furtive had occurred that evening, he was very much mis- glance at Rose, said in a very low voice, “No, taken. They had awakened a number of new feelings please not ;” and at the same instant Rose burst within her, and also the knowledge of possibilities into a flood of tears, crying out, “ She shan't-she that had never crossed her mind before. She shan't !" awoke the next day with that feeling on her mind "Why, what does all this mean?” asked Miss that something sad had happened before she knew Smyly, quite astonished. what the something was that we have all of us ex- " Don't let her,” Rose sobbed through her tears ; perienced, and then she remembered that she could “it makes me miserable!” not write exercises like Aileen's, that her Uncle “But, my dear Rose,” said Miss Smyly, “why Archie wished she could, and that Aileen's lessons should it make you miserable that Aileen is getting had pleased him, while hers had no:.
on with her French ?” She was a very quiet and silent little girl all “Because I can't,” cried she, “and Uncle--"
Here she stopped, but only to cry the more. Miss Smyly, though young and inexperienced, She really did not understand herself what it was and not knowing how to train the child herself, saw she felt, and she could not in the least explain it. how hard all this was for her, and made up her
“Oh, Rose! I hope you are not envious of mind at last that, as she could get no help from Aileen ?” Miss Smyly said, very sorrowfully. It Bridget, she would take courage, and speak to Mr. seemed to her such a sad thing if one of her little Burke about his little niece herself. pupils were envious of the other.
This she did the first opportunity, and found that I don't think Rose knew what envious meant, and he too had observed a change in Rose. I am quite sure that she did not, as I have said “She is always quarrelling with Aileen,” he said, before, in the least understand what it was she did " who is becoming a regular little slave to her.” feel, but all she found herself able to say was, “ " I Aileen is so very clever,” Miss Smyly said. “I want Uncle Archie.”
thought perhaps you might mean her to support Miss Smyly looked thoughtfully from one child herself by teaching some day, and be a governess." to the other.
“Well, really, I never thought of her but as a little “I needn't show it, need I?” Aileen asked timidly. companion for my Rose. It did not occur to me
“Well, I suppose you need not,” the young that she will have to take care of herself one of governess replied in doubtful tones ; " but it does these days, and I don't believe I ever remember not seem quite fair either that you should not get that these children will grow up, Miss Smyly." the credit of what you do,” she added, but more to I am afraid," she replied, “the plan of keepherself than to Aileen.
ing Aileen as Rose's companion will not answer ; Aileen looked quite relieved when she heard she the children are not happy together, and they will need not show her translation, and said, in a become less and less so. Lessons are now a congrateful manner, “ Thank you ;” while Rosy re- stant vexation. Rose is always crying, and she peated, in a very melancholy voice, “ I want Uncle has grown quite cross. She is not a bit stupid ; she Archie.”
is clever enough, and before she got so unhappy Miss Smyly was puzzled. She questioned Aileen about them did her lessons very well. But Aileen when Rose was not by, and learned a little of what is wonderfully clever. If you would not think me had passed about the exercises. Aileen by no
presuming in offering advice, Mr. Burke, I should means exactly understood the reasons of what had say send Aileen to school, at least for a year, to see happened, but she told Miss Smyly that it made how the experiment answers. If she is to be a Rose miserable not to write good exercises when governess she must have regular schooling ; and the she found Uncle Archie wished it, and that she children will not get on well together, I am conhad been angry with Aileen, and cried for a long vinced, without a break.” time very much, and that Aileen did not like it. “I am very much obliged to you, and I will
“Shall I not write any more ?" she asked. “I think about it," was Mr. Burke's reply. don't know what to do."
The very next day, while Mr. Burke was "thinkLessons were not nearly as agreeable after this ing about it,” Aileen and Rose quarrelled, and it so conversation as they had been before. Rose watched happened that he overheard the quarrel. Aileen jealously, and seemed as if she were always
He had left the breakfast-room to go out, and afraid that some time or other, if she were not on her
the door of the room was open. He returned to guard, something would be carried off and shown fetch something, and hearing the children's voices in triumph to her uncle. She gradually became rather raised within, stopped to amuse himself by really unhappy that she could not do better herself, listening to their prattle. and seldom got through school-hours without a “Don't come into the window," Rose said, in hearty cry, a thing that had not been even thought her most imperious manner. “I don't choose you of in that cheerful schoolroom before. Her fret- to look at my uncle.” fulness when these unpleasant lessons were over
“Oh, Rose!” remained behind them, and her temper appeared to “No, I don't. He is my uncle. It is not every be gradually souring. She grew very quarrelsome day you can be permitted to look.
He's not your with Aileen, and jealous of any attention that either uncle, is he?" she paid Uncle Archie or he her ; and altogether, A short silence, and then Aileen answered, in from not trying to conquer the first fault herself, rather a reproachful, though deprecating voice, and no one being there to point out to her that it
Mr. Burke." was a fault, to be conquered, and to help her try " You shall look at him on Thursdays and to conquer it, it seemed only too likely that her Saturdays,” said imperious little Rose. “He is good disposition would be spoiled altogether. my uncle, and I shall settle just what I please."
He is my
polite designating of Aileen by a thumb
turned backwards and a quivering lip; "and you don't, you don't.”
“Oh, Rose! I didn't say that.” “You did. You said he was your own Mr. Burke.”
“But, Rose, if you love me, do you "ROSE BURST INTO A FLOOD OF TEARS." (p. 135).
not like other people to love me too ?” inquired
her uncle. is my-everything; he is your-nothing; and you “No, I don't,” she replied, without giving herself have nothing to do with him.”
time for reflection ; “not Aileen-she shan't love “Oh, Rose! why are you so unkind. He is my you. You are my Uncle Archie.” Mr. Burke, my own Mr. Burke.”
“But I do love him," Aileen said, in a low, “ He is not your own; he is my own, my very, earnest voice, and with tears in her eyes. very own."
“She may love me, Rose. I should like my little “Yes, Rose, but he is mine too."
niece, whose own uncle I am, to be very angry with “He's not-you shan't say so.
Aileen if she did not love me.” near the window-don't ! I'll fight if you do!” Rose began to cry, half softened by his words,
"I must come; I must see him. I can fight half adhering to her own view of the case. better than you ; I'm stronger."
“I wish we had never found her in the People's “You try!”
Park,” she said, more in sorrow than in anger. A wrestling match, or battle with the fists, “Oh, Rose !” said her uncle,“ don't be so unkind seemed imminent between the two little girls, who as to say that.” looked as if they were as unfit for fighting as any Then Rose cried more than ever, but at the same two people could be, and ought always to live in the time she kissed Aileen, and said, “I don't, Aileen.” most loving and affectionate manner together. She was not sure whether she did or not. She So Mr. Burke came hastily in.
was unhappy, and her feelings were mixed and “I have left my gloves," he said. “Now, what confused, and she did not know what she meant or are you two children quarrelling about ?"
what she wished. She was jealous of Aileen, though “She says you belong to her," cried Rose, with a she did not understand that she was, and as she never tried to conquer this feeling, it conquered her. Smyly had said to him, and the result of his think. When she had been unkind to Aileen, as she was ing was that, having heard of a very good school, an affectionate, good-natured child, she felt sorry, where young children were educated and treated and kissed her, and said so; but she was only with the most affectionate kindness, near Bangor, sorry because she did not like to be unkind. She in Wales, and the mistress of which was the cousin was not sorry because she was jealous, and she did of friends of his in Dublin, he made all arrangenot see that this jealousy was wrong and un-Christian ments, and took Aileen over there himself at the end in itself, and very unkind to poor Aileen, and so of the Christmas holidays. He thought it best not to she never thought of trying to conquer it, and to let either of the children know his reason for doing be content that while she was Uncle Archie's own this, only telling Aileen that she was to learn her little niece, Aileen should be beloved by him also, lessons as well as possible, because one day she and allowed to love one who stood in the place of might have to teach them, when she was grown up, father to her.
to children as young as she was now. And so Having been witness to this quarrel made Uncle Aileen went to school, and Rose remained behind Archie think yet more seriously of all that Miss as the one darling in No. Fitzwilliam Place.
(To be continued.)
A CHAT ABOUT MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.
instruments, namely the drum and cymbal, which stand by themselves, requiring neither strings nor pipes.
The piano was invented, some say, by an Italian, N this ar- at Padua, in 1776. The Germans, however, assert ticle we
that they made pianos earlier than that. A London propose to play-bill, printed in 1767, announced "a song from give a little
Judith, accompanied by Mr. Dibdin on a new ininformation
strument, called 'Piano-forte.' respecting a The piano displaced the harpsichord and spinet. few of the The harpsichord was strung with steel and brass more familiar
wires, two to each note. These wires were struck musical in- by keys that moved hammers furnished with small struments, pieces of quill. The harpsichord is now quite out of
and it will When it was wished, in 1838, to perform some doubtless be of of Bach's pieces on the harpsichord, there was great interest to our difficulty in finding one. The spinet had keys and readers.
other things like the harpsichord. It was, in fact,
The harp and a small and cheap harpsichord. The tone produced organ are the first instruments we read of. The
by these instruments was “a scratch, with a sound harp is a stringed, the organ a wind, instrument ; at the end of it—a feeble, soft, and melancholy and each may be regarded as the leader of the tone.” two great classes of musical instruments. The The grand pianoforte retains the shape of the first organ was, no doubt, a very different affair most ancient Italian harpsichords. That seems from the grand cathedral organ of the present day. the best shape that can be thought of. Modern But it was formed on the same principle, that pianos have steel wire throughout. The bass is, its sounds were caused by wind rushing through strings are lapped with copper wire ; the soundingpipes of various lengths; while those sounds board is made of Swiss pine. Much iron is used in made by the harp and its brethren were caused the framework of modern pianos. This is not surby the vibration of strings, some longer, some prising, when we are told how the strings of a grand shorter. The chief stringed instruments are the piano, when they pull together, are pulling as strongly piano, harp, violin and violoncello, lyre, lute, and as a weight of six tons can pull. When pianos are guitar. The chief wind instruments are the organ, made, they are tried in chambers lined with thick flute, trumpet, horn, flageolet, clarionet, trombone, green baize, like a box. They are separated from hautboy, and bagpipe. There are two well-known each other by hollow panelling filled with sawdust.
The harp was brought to great perfection by the violins are composed of no less than fifty-eight clever old Egyptians. Their harps were nearly as pieces. The finest samples come from Cremona. good as those which are now bought in London or A good violin must be shaped, according to certain Paris. The traveller Bruce saw a painting of a rules, in the form which has been found by experience harp near Thebes, of which he says it would be the best for producing a full sound. The violoncello impossible to finish one to-day with more taste and has a fine rich tone, and its ablest players have elegance.
been Englishmen. The precursor of the violin was The Irish and Welsh were acquainted. also with the viol, a fretted instrument, and played with a fine harps from a very early period. One is men- bow. tioned as having forty-five strings, the longest Let us now turn to wind instruments. chord being three feet four inches. The use of the The modern organ is “a world of sounds." It is harp has been greatly increased by pedals, which said to be a very old instrument, even in its comcan change it from one key to another.
pound state, but it has received improvements as The lyre is an instrument of the harp kind, each century has rolled on. Organs were common having, like the harp, no finger-board, whereas the in churches in Charlemagne's time. He died A.D. lute, guitar, and violin have. No finger-board has yet 814. One was set up at Aix in 812, furnished with been found in any Greek lyre, but, in Egypt, lyres bellows. Before bellows were used, water was emof the guitar kind (that is, with a neck and frets, ployed, it seems, to introduce air into the pipes. on which the player could put his fingers, and so Organs had a bad time of it in Oliver Cromwell's shorten or lengthen the strings at pleasure), have days. Very few escaped injury. The Puritans,
, been found of an age before the time of Joseph. somehow, thought them evil things. The organ in
The Greek lyre began with three strings, and St. Patrick's, Dublin, was taken from one of the more were added until it possessed sixteen. Even ships of the Spanish Armada, and given to that with these the music must have been thin and poor. cathedral by Queen Elizabeth.
The lyre and harp may be counted as brethren, The organs on the Continent boast more stops while the lute, guitar, and violin are alike in having and pipes than ours, and yet our organs are superior a finger-board. This elevates them in compass to theirs in several important respects. above the other two. It would be hopeless now The largest metal pipe in the York organ is 32 to make music pleasing to modern ears with a feet in length. That at Birmingham is 35 feet. lyre, even if it had sixteen strings. Perhaps the The breathing of the wind over reeds gave man, Greeks thought it prettier without a neck, and it is said, his first idea of the rural pipe. This were better pleased with a graceful shape than a became in after days, the flute, a most elegant wide compass of sounds. But they were wrong. We instrument. The ancient fute was played with a do not think of the shape of the little fiddle, when mouth-piece, like the flageolet, and it had two tubes. we sit with our eyes shut (it may be), listening to It was used both at sad and merry meetings, at some great violin player executing a masterpiece of death and at dinner-time, in worship and in war. Haydn or Beethoven. The lute, of which the The flute of Ismenias, the Theban, cost nearly £600 guitar is an improved species, was learned by girls sterling, and a lady, named Lamia, was the greatest and boys until the end of the 17th century.
flute-player of her day. The guitar, gittern, zither, and other names of the The modern flute, long called the German Aute, same sort, come from the old Latin cithara. These is held level with the ground. It has sometimes as are instruments of the lute family, with a body, and many as twelve keys. Some Autes have been made a neck, supplied with frets or lines in the neck, on of glass. The piccolo, or fife, is an octave higher which the player's fingers rest. The guitar has six than the common flute. It is shrill and piercing, strings, three of silk covered with silver wire, and and much used in military bands. three of catgut.
The clarionet was invented Nuremburg. In Apollo is said to have played on the violin. In this tone it is something like the hautboy. It has a instrument there are a body and neck, but no frets. fixed mouth-piece and a reed. The hautboy, or The player must learn where to place the fingers oboe, is made of box-wood, and has also a reed. of his left hand; but it is this want of frets which It is about two feet in length. It has been in use for makes the violin superior to all other instruments many centuries, and it was called anciently Wayghtes of its kind. The notes seem to melt into one in our country. From this word (some say) comes another, sometimes after a most delightful fashion. our name of Waits, or Christmas minstrels. The modern violin has four strings, all of gut, the No instrument, except the harp and earliest lowest being covered with silver wire. Sycamore, organ, is older than the trumpet. It is a single deal, and ebony are the woods used. The best tube, about eight feet in length, doubled up in a