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and advantages of high intellectual culture; and yet your action in ordering the investigations on which I have now the honor to report attests your unwillingness to rest satisfied with the ends already attained, and your desire to avail yourselves of every method and all appliances which may be likely to promote the welfare of the deaf and dumb, or any considerable portion of their number,

It is, therefore, with pleasure that I find myself warranted, from what I have seen in the deaf-mute schools of Europe, in suggesting the introduction of several new features into the management of our institution, which may, if adopted, prove important accessions to its already great means of usefulness.

RECOMMENDATIONS. I therefore respectfully advise- 1st. That instruction in artificial speech and lip-reading be entered upon at as early a day as possible; that all pupils in our primary department be afforded opportunities of engaging in this, until it plainly appears that success is unlikely to crown their efforts; that with those who evince facility in oral exercises, instruction shall be continued during their entire residence in the institution.

2d. That in order to afford time for this new branch, without depriving our pupils in any degree of that amount of training necessary properly to educate their intellectual and moral faculties, the term of study in the primary department be extended to nine years, and the age of admission be fixed at eight years, instead of ten as heretofore.

3d. That such additions be made to our staff of teachers as may be needed to secure thorough and effective instruction in this new line of effort.

You will remember that I found at Milan, in Italy, a normal school for the preparation of teachers of the deaf and dumb. The great good possible to be accomplished by this institution, both in the supply of competent instructors and in promoting unity of method, is apparent on very slight reflection.

In our own country the difficulty of procuring skilled workers in our peculiar field of labor has been felt in many institutions, and I conceive that one of the most important results of our college enterprise will be the furnishing of young men well fitted to teach the deaf and dumb.

But all teachers in our institutions cannot be deaf-mutes, and I would commend to your serious consideration the desirableness of making arrangements for the reception of hearing young men and women into our instituţion, who may wish to fit theinselves for deaf-mute instruction.

I have met, in my European journey, more than one who desires to enter our institution with a view of acquiring the American method of teaching the deaf and dumb. Several applications have been received during my absence from persons in our own country anxious to learn our art, and I am confident great good would flow from the opening of our doors in these and similar cases.

With these recommendations, gentlemen, this communication, as an official paper, properly terminates.

I will, however, beg your permission to record my appreciation of the cordial greetings and hearty co-operation which met me everywhere from officers of institutions to which I sought admission for the purpose of critical examinatiou. Every opportunity has been afforded me for full investigations, and in many places an interest manifested in my work and its results which betokened a strong desire to harmonize and combine the once conflicting methods of instruction. · For all these kind attentions on the part of my professional brethren abroad I return my most sincere thanks, indulging the hope that those from whose opinions I have been compelled in some degree to differ, will attribute to me no other motive than an earnest desire to arrive at the truth, and will believe me sincere when I express regret at being obliged to disagree with friends for whom I entertain a high personal respect and esteem.

To the representatives of our government abroad, whose assistance I had occasion to solicit, I must also express my obligations for their courtesy and efficient co-operation in my work.

To the honorable Secretaries of State and of the Interior, in like manner, I return thanks for having kindly furnished me in advance of my departure credentials which served in a most essential degree to facilitate the progress of my undertaking.

Above all would I acknowledge with humble gratitude the constant presence of that Being through whose providence sickness, disaster, and death have been forbidden to interrupt the prosecution of your commission, and by whose mercy the interests of the institution have been sustained and advanced during the period of our separation. Seeking from Him a continuance of that support from whence has sprung all our success in times past, I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


of the Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb.

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Institutions for the instruction of the deaf and dumb in the United States.



Date of opening.

Chief executive officer.

Number of teach



American Asylum
2 New York Institution
3 Pennsylvania Institution
4 Kentucky Institution .......
5 Obio Institution..
6 Virginia Institution *...
7 Indiana Institution..
8 Tennessee School.
9 North Carolina Institution*
10 Illinois Institution..
11 Georgia Institution..
12 South Carolina Institution*
13 Missouri Asylum...
14 Louisiana Institution*
15 Wisconsin Institute
16 Michigan Asylum*.
17 Iowa Institution ....
18 Mississippi Institution
19 Texas Institution
20 Columbia Institution...
21 Alabama Institution
22 California Institution*
23 Kansas Institution
24 Minnesota Institution

Hartford, Conn.....
New York City
Philadelphia, Penn....
Danville, Ky.
Columbus, Ohio
Staunton, Va.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Knoxville, Tenn.
Raleigh, N. C.
Jacksonville, III.
Cave Spring, Ga.
Cedar Spring, s. C.
Fulton, Mo..
Baton Rouge, La..
Delavan, Wis.
Flint, Mich
Iowa City, Iowa.
Jackson, Miss...
Austin, Texas
Washington, D. C..
Talladega, Ala.
San Francisco, Cal..
Olathe, Kansas
Faribault, Minn

1817 Rev. Collins Stone, M. A., principal
1818 Isaac L. Peet, M. A., principal
1820 Abraham B. Hutton, M A., president.
1823 J. A. Jacobs, M. A., principal
1829 Gilbert 0. Fay, M. A,, superintendent
1839 John C. Covell, M. A., principal

Thomas MeIntire, M. A., superintendent
1845 Joseph H. Ijams, B. A., principal..
1845 Willie J. Palmer, M. A., principal
1846 Philip G. Gillet, M. A., principal...
1846 J. S. Davis, principal
1849 N. F. Walker, steward.
1851 W. D. Kerr, M. A., superintendent.

A. K. Martin, superintendent
1852 H. W. Milligan, M. A,, M. D., principal
1854 Egbert L. Bangs, M. A., principal
1855 | Benjamin Talbot, M. A., principal...
1856 (Buildings destroyed by fire in 1864).
1857 J. A. Van Nostrand, M. A., principal.
1857 Edward M. Gallaudet, M. A., president.
1858 Joseph H. Johnson, principal..
1860 Warring Wilkinson, M. A., principal
1862 Thomas Burnside, principal
1863J Jonathan L. Noyes, M. A., superintendent.

25 National Deaf-mute College

Washington, D.C.


Edward M. Gallaudet, M. A., president...

* These have departments for blind.

+ Mississippi educates her mutes at Baton Rouge.

Resident professors.

The college is a distinct organization within the Columbia Institution, il Students.

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William L. Bird...... Connecticut. Robert Patterson..
Samuel T. Greene... Maine.

Louis C. Tuck..
Louis A. Houghton....... New York.

FRESHMEN. David H. Carroll...... Ohio.

Authony J. Kull..... Philip S. Englehardt.. Wisconsin William B. Lathrop.. Charles B. Hibbard....... Michigan. George W. McAtee... Malachi Hollowell”. Illinois.


Robert W. Branch....
Cyrus Chambers.....
John Donnell.....
Ransom A. Goodell.
John Hummer..
Thomas Jones..
Isaac Kaufman.
Lydia A. Kennedy
Marcus H. Kerr...

North Caroliņa. Jacob Knoedler.

John N. Lowry.

Wisconsin. Robert McGregor.

Michigan. William J. Nelson... New York.
John Quinn...

Dist. Columbia
Wisconsin. Frederick L. d'B. Reid.... England.
Dist. Columbia. John W. Scott..... Pennsylvanis.
Pennsylvania. William E. Taylor..

John H. Tims...


In the primary department,

FEMALES. Justina Bevan..

Maryland. Lydia A, Mitchell... Mary J. Blair...

Maryland. Mary E. McDonald. Melinda Blair...

Maryland. Virginia A. Patterson.
Sarah B. Blair..

Maryland. Jane Pimes
Marietta Chambers.. Fort. Monroe. Hester M. Porter .........
Mary Croner....

Maryland. Sarah E. Preston...
Elizabeth Feldpusch. Maryland. Georgiana Pritchard
Mary Feldpusch.. Maryland. Amelia Riveaux......
Grace A. Freeman. Maryland. Josephine Sardo.....
Sarah A. Gourley. Maryland. Florinda C. Snyder...
Catharine Haldy.. Maryland. Georgiana Stevenson...
Mary M. Ijams

Dist. Columbia. Susannah Swope... Annie Jenkins.

Maryland. Grace Webster.. Amanda M. Karnes.. Maryland. Sarah J. Wells.. Margaret Maher..

Maryland. Sophia R. Weller.. Caroline Mades...

Dist. Columbia. Sarah A. E. Williams. Elizabeth McCormick..... Maryland.

Maryland. Dist. Columbia U. S. army. Maryland. Maryland. Maryland. Maryland. Dist. Columbia. Dist. Columbis. Dist. Columbis. Maryland. Maryland. Maryland. Maryland. Maryland. Dist. Columbis.


H. F. Achey......
J. O. Amoss......
Joseph Barnes..
James D. Bitzer..
Julius W. Bissett.
David Blair....
Arthur D. Bryant.
John E. Bull....

Maryland. Edmund Clark....
Maryland. John Carlisle...
Dist. Columbia. James E. Colleberry.
Maryland. William A. Connolly.
Maryland. Charles Dashiell..
Maryland. John W. Dechard.
Dist. Columbia. Alexander W. Dennis..
Maryland. Peter Duffy ......


Dist. Columbia.
Dist Columbia.
Dist. Columbis.
Dist. Columbia.

Lewis C. Easterday...
Frederick Eisenmann.
Robert Ehlert...
John P. Fitzpatrick.
Thomas Hagerty
Thomas Hays....
R. Plummer Ijams...
Conrad Ingledeiger.
David Kennedy...
John Kennedy
Frank M, Maslin..
Charles Mathaei...
William H. Myers..
William McElroy
James McBride.
James H. Mooney.
William Moriarty-

Maryland. Henry 0. Nicol..

U. S. army.
U. S. army.
James H. Purvis..

Dist. Columbia.
Maryland. George Rommal.

Maryland. George F. Rodenmayer.... Maryland.
Dist. Columbia. Charles Schillinger.. Maryland.

Maryland. Aaron B. Showman. Maryland.
.. Dist. Columbia. Thomas J. Sprague. Maryland,

Maryland. Charles W. Stevenson. Maryland.
Samuel H. Taylor...

Dist. Columbia.
Maryland. Henry Treschmann, jr.. Maryland.
Maryland. *John A. Unglebower.. Maryland.
John C. Wagner..

Dist. Columbia.
Dist. Columbia. Henry C. Wents.

Maryland. Maryland. Thomas A. Williams. North Carolina. Dist. Columbia. Walter Williams.

North Carolina.
Maryland. William Wirrlein.

Dist. Columbia. Samuel Wisner.... Maryland.


* Deceased.

REGULATIONS. I. The academic year is divided into two terms—the first beginning on the second Thursday in September, and closing on the 24th of December; the second beginning the 2d of January, and closing the last Wednesday in June.

II. The vacations are from the 24th of December to the 2d of January, and from the last Wednesday in June to the second Thursday in September.

III. There are holidays at Thanksgiving and at Easter.

IV. The pupils may visit their homes during the regular vacations and at the above-named holidays, but at no other times, unless for some special urgent reason, and then only by permission of the president.

V. The bills for the maintenance and tuition of pupils supported by their. friends must be paid semi-annually in advance.

VI. The charge for pay pupils is $150 each per annum. This sum covers all expenses except clothing.

VII. The government of the United States defrays the expenses of those who reside in the District of Columbia, or whose parents are in the army or navy, provided they are unable to pay for their education:

VIII. The State of Maryland provides for the education in this institution of deaf-mutes whose parents are in poor circumstances, when the applicants are under twenty-one years of age, have been residents of the State for two years prior to the date of application, and are of good mental capacity.

Persons in Maryland desiring to secure the benefit of the provisions above referred to are requested to address the president of the institution.

IX. It is expected that the friends of the pupils will provide them with clothing, and it is important that upon entering or returning to the institution they should be supplied with a sufficient amount for an entire year. All clothing should be plainly marked with the owner's name.

X. All letters concerning pupils or applications for admission should be addressed to the president.

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