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resided in the institution, and whose qualifications for the position she has now taken, are all that could be desired.
At the beginning of our fall term our matron, Mrs. Eliza A. Ijams, retired from her position.
Miss Sarah A. Bliss, from New Haven, Connecticut, who has been appointed to this office, brings with her a knowledge of the sign language, besides being in other respects eminently qualified for the position.
To our college faculty a professorship of mathematics has been added, and filled by the appointment of James M. Spencer, B. A., a graduate, in high standing, of Yale College.
THE COLLEGE, This department, organized in 1864, bids fair, from the wide sphere of usefulness opened to it, to attain a numerical preponderance in the institution at no very distant day, the number of students the past year being thirty-five, representing fourteen States of our country.
One young man has come to us from England, attracted by the peculiar advantages offered here for high intellectual culture.
The number of our free scholarships, endowed by private individuals, has not been increased since the date of our last report.
Important action has, however, been taken by Congress in reference to admissions into our collegiate department, which has enabled us to receive thus far all who have desired to enter.
The act of Congress of March 2, 1867, with the terms of which you are already familiar, making provision for the free entrance into our collegiate department of poor deaf-mutes from any of our States and Territories, impresses on our work the seal of nationality and opens to us possibilities for usefulness of a most important character.
It renders probable a speedy attainment of our number of pupils to its maximum, and necessitates an earlier completion of our buildings than had previously been contemplated.
The number provided for by the act just referred to, viz., ten, lacks but one of being filled, and we have no reason to suppose that Congress will limit its benevolent action to mutes from Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa, when applicants equally deserving seek admission from other States.
The general progress in the college has been very gratifying; almost without exception have the students applied themselves diligently to study, attaining to a degree of success which is alike creditable to themselves and to the professors. A high moral tone has pervaded their conduct, and an almost unvarying support has been accorded to the regulations of the faculty.
One of the members of the college, Miss Lydia A. Kennedy, of Philadelphia, has left us to take an eligible position as a teacher in the Missouri institution for the deaf and dumb, and carries with her the best wishes of her friends here for her success and prosperity in her new home.
THE PRIMARY DEPARTMENT. The extension of the building designed for the occupancy of this department, which has been effected during the year, has added greatly to the comfort of both teachers and pupils. A large sitting room for the boys, a bath room, ample school rooms, a chapel, hospital rooms, and a spacious dormitory are included in the section last constructed, the work on which has been done in a substantial manner and in a style corresponding with the previously erected portions of the building.
The grounds adjoining have been graded and drained, and the permanent play-grounds for both boys and girls have been made ready for use.
The number in this department remains about the same as last year, and the several classes have made creditable progress in their studies.
An examination conducted by the college faculty at the close of the term attested the improvement of the pupils and the faithful labors of their instructors.
A new feature has been introduced in the discipline of the male pupils by the employment of young men from the college to act as ushers. The duty is perfornied in turn by a limited number, and the results are entirely satisfactory.
VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT TO EUROPE.* It will be remembered that in our last report allusion was made to the interest excited in certain parts of the country in regard to the instruction of the deaf and dumb in articulation, and to the fact that comparisons had been put forth between the system of instruction pursued in this country and those of Europe, unfavorable to the American schools.
Our aim has ever been to afford our pupils all in the matter of instruction which their peculiar condition would admit of their receiving. We were, therefore, unwilling to suffer even a claim to pass unnoticed that other means than those made use of here might be employed to the advantage of the deaf and dumb.
In order that full information be secured as to existing methods in Europe, we decided last winter to institute an investigation of the subject, and adopted on the 20th of February the following preamble and resolutions :
* Whereas there has been of late considerable discussinn among educated and philanthropic men with regard to the several systems of instructing deaf-mutes, now in operation in the world; and
“Whereas it is alleged by men of standing and reputation in the community that much of value is to be found in the European methods, which form, at present no part of the American system; and
"Whereas it is the desire and intention of this board to avail itself, as far as may be practicable, of every known facility for the improvement of the class of persons taught in this institution : Therefore,
“ Resolved, That the president be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to proceed to Europe in April next for the purpose of inspecting the prominent institutions for deaf-mutes in that quarter of the globe, and be shall examine carefully into all the various methods and systems pursued in the schools of Great Britain, France, Prussia, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy, making full memoranda of all facts of value elicited and report the same to the board on his return, which shall not be later than the 15th of October of the present
In pursuance of these resolutions the president proceeded to Europe in April and returned on the 15th of October, having discharged the duty assigned him in a manner satisfactory to us.
* By permission of the honorable minister of the interior of France, the director of the Imperial Institution at Paris has presented to our institution fifty-five volumes of publications relating to the instruction of the deaf and dumb, including rare copies of the works of De l'Epée, Sicard, Bebiar, and Degerando, now to be obtained, if at all, only with great difficulty and at considerable expense.
This mark of friendly interest from the parent institution, so to speak, of the American schools for deaf-mutes, is most gratefully appreciated by us, and will serve to strengthen the fraternal ties which have ever existed between the deaf-mute institutions of France and the United States.
To the honorable minister of the interior for his action in the premises; to the director of the Imperial Institution for his prompt and generous exercise of the authority conferred by his government; and to the honorable ambassador of the United States ai Paris for his courtesy in facilitating the transmission of the valuable donation, we would express our most sincere and hearty thanks.
A report of his investigations is herewith submitted, to which special attention is requested.
His recommendations commend themselves to our judgment, and we shall aim to incorporate into our system of instruction all that appears really valuable in the methods pursued in other countries.
During the absence of the president the duties of his office were devolved upon Professor Pratt. His successful discharge of these onerous responsibili ties deserves and receives our entire and hearty approbation.
To the professors and instructors praise is likewise due for their cordial cooperation with Professor Pratt, and their unremitted endeavors to see that no interest of the institution should suffer during the absence of its head; and we deem the assistant matron worthy of special commendation for the efficient manner in which she met the unexpectedly increased duties thrown upon her at the opening of the present fall term by the retirement of the matron.
PROGRESS OF THE BUILDINGS. Besides the section completed for the primary department, the shop, stable, and gas-house alluded to in our last report have been finished and occupied, and constitute very valuable improvements.
Two dwelling-houses have also been erected, one for a professor being complete, and one for the president having been put under roof, to be finished next year.
Work has also been commenced on the central building, which is to contain the chapel and refectories, the walls having been carried up one story and properly secured against the effect of the winter weather.
All these extensions have been in accordance with the plans submitted in our last report, and their cost has not exceeded the estimates in any case. The entire work has been carried forward under contracts with Mr. James G. Nay. lor, builder, of Washington, entirely to the satisfaction of the board; and the immediate supervision of the improvements has been confided to Mr. Emil S. Friedrich, architect, of Washington, of whom commendatory notice has been made in former reports.
An important addition has been secured to the grounds of the institution by the purchase of a tract of land adjoining our western boundary, and containing a little more than three acres. The price agreed upon was $9,000, of which $7,400 was drawn from an appropriation made by Congress last year, and the balance, $1,600, was advanced by a member of the board on his own personal responsibility.
In our estimates for next year the amount submitted for the enlargement and improvement of the grounds, viz., $5,600, is intended to include this balance. The price of the land is not deemed immoderate, and the value to the institution of the property thus secured is plainly evident on an inspection of the plan. Its acquisition was indeed a necessity to the execution of the design as submitted in our last report.
The receipts and disbursements for the year ending June 30, 1867, will appear from the following detailed statements :
1. SUPPORT OF THE INSTITUTION.
6,450 00 3,600 00 1,133 75
Received from Charles Knap, esq., for scholarship
$150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 150 00 50 00 25 00 20 00
5 00 231 56 .146 50 32 00
5 00 23 12 5 00
$153 14 14,732 56
51 93 1,076 87 359 50 109 75 380 30
85 46 1,075 01 1,859 57
214 15 3,015 11 3,050 07 1,584 08
463 40 162 43
17 00 1,846 81
479 74 200 82 94 25 15 45 260 00
90 00 315 02
124 58 1,368 07
I. ERECTION OF BUILDINGS.
Balance from old account.
$2,433 85 46,740 00
4,500 00 1,320 00
500 00 5,559 00 2.040 03 284 97
106 00 2,396 68
III, IMPROVEMENT OF GROUNDS.
Balance from old account...
$2,222 46 4,500 00
$500 00 1,248 88 692 15
498 19 3,783 24
ESTIMATES FOR NEXT YEAR. 1. For the support of the institution, including one thousand dollars for books and illustrative apparatus, twenty-five thousand dollars, ($25,000.)
2. For the erection, furnishing, and fitting up of additions to the buildings of the institution, to furnish additional accommodations for the increased number of pupils and for the resident officers, fifty-three thousand two hundred and fifty dollars, ($53,250.)
3. For the enlargement and improvement of the grounds of the institution, five thousand six hundred dollars, ($5,600.)
The amount required for the support of the institution will be seen to be the same as for the current year. The amount asked for building purposes is a little less than the last appropriation; the sum named for the work upon grounds is also lessened.
The expenses thus proposed to be met are deemed necessary to a proper support and continuance of the work confided to our care. We therefore respect